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Lupus ; 32(13): 1555-1560, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37936393


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between patients' characteristics and disease activity in an Argentine lupus registry. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Disease activity was stratified into: Remission off-treatment: SLEDAI = 0, without prednisone and immunosuppressive drugs. Low disease activity Toronto Cohort (LDA-TC): SLEDAI ≤2, without prednisone or immunosuppressive drugs. Modified lupus low disease activity (mLLDAS): SLEDAI score of ≤4, with no activity in major organ systems and no new features, prednisone of ≤10 mg/day and/or immunosuppressive drugs (maintenance dose) and Active disease: SLEDAI score of >4 and prednisone >10 mg/day and immunosuppressive drugs. A descriptive analysis and logistic regression model were performed. RESULTS: A total of 1346 patients were included. Of them, 1.6% achieved remission off steroids, 0.8% LDA-TC, 12.1% mLLDAS and the remaining 85.4% had active disease. Active disease was associated with younger age (p ≤ 0.001), a shorter time to diagnosis (p ≤ 0.001), higher frequency of hospitalizations (p ≤ 0.001), seizures (p = 0.022), serosal disease (p ≤ 0.001), nephritis (p ≤ 0.001), higher SDI (p ≤ 0.001), greater use of immunosuppressive therapies and higher doses of prednisone compared to those on mLLDAS. In the multivariable analysis, the variables associated with active disease were the presence of pleuritis (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2-3.9; p = 0.007), persistent proteinuria (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.2-5.5; p ≤ 0.011), nephritis (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.2-5.6; p = .018) and hospitalizations (OR 8.9, 95% CI 5.3-16.0; p ≤ 0.001) whereas age at entry into the registry was negatively associated with it (OR 0.9, 95% CI 0.9-1.0; p = 0.029). CONCLUSION: Active disease was associated with shorter time to diagnosis, worse outcomes (SDI and hospitalizations) and renal, neurological and serosal disease.

Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Nefrite , Humanos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Lupus ; 32(14): 1656-1665, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37955177


OBJECTIVE: The aim is to analyze health care resource utilization (HCRU) of patients with lupus (SLE) from a health management organization (HMO) in Buenos Aires, Argentina, compared with matched controls and comparing periods of flare, low disease activity, and remission. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study including all SLE incident cases (ACR 1997/SLICC 2012 criteria) between 2000 and 2020 and 5 matched controls. Clinical data and HCRU (medical and nonmedical consultations, lab and imaging tests performed, emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and drugs prescribed) were obtained from administrative databases and electronic medical records. For each patient with SLE, an activity state was determined in every month of follow-up: flare (BILAG A or 2 BILAG B); low disease activity (LLDAS); remission (DORIS definition); or intermediate activity (not fulfilling any of previous). Incidence rates for each HCRU item and incidence rate ratios between SLE and control patients were and between remission and flare periods were calculated. Multivariate negative binomial logistic regression analyses were performed for identification of variables associated with major resource use. RESULTS: A total of 62 SLE and 310 control patients were included, 88.7% were women, the median age at diagnosis was 46 years, and were followed for more than 8 years. Patients with SLE contributed with 537.2 patient-years (CI 95% 461.1-613.3) and controls with 2761.9 patient-years (CI 95% 2600.9-2922.8). HCRU in patients with SLE was significantly higher than in controls in all items, even in remission periods. Patients with SLE remained 74.4% of the time in remission, 12.1% in LLDAS, 12.2% in intermediate activity, and 1.3% in flare (there were 64 flares in 36 patients). HCRU was significantly higher during flare periods compared with remission periods. Number of flares was independently associated with emergency department consultations, lab tests and X-ray performed, number of drugs prescribed, and hospitalizations. CONCLUSION: Significantly more HCRU was observed in patients with SLE in flare compared to remission periods.

Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Argentina/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 30Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e2023060, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37971058


The interest of this article is to study how the covid-19 pandemic, by intensifying work routines, enhanced structural conflicts in the nursing sector of Argentina. For this purpose, we use a quantitative and qualitative methodological strategy that allows us to understand in depth the practices and representations of nurses during the pandemic by means of a self-administered survey and in-depth interviews. This proposal will have two axes. First, we will analyze the conflicts that occurred due to work overload and lack of supplies for protection against covid-19. Secondly, we will review the strategies of collective claims through unions and self-organized movements.

El interés de este artículo es estudiar cómo la pandemia de la covid-19, al intensificar rutinas laborales, potenció conflictos estructurales en el sector de enfermería en Argentina. Para ello, utilizamos una estrategia metodológica cuantitativa y cualitativa que nos permite comprender en profundidad las prácticas y las representaciones de enfermeros y enfermeras durante la pandemia a partir de la realización de una encuesta autoadministrada y entrevistas en profundidad. En primer lugar, analizamos los conflictos acontecidos por la sobrecarga laboral y la falta de insumos para la protección contra la covid-19. En segundo lugar, revisamos las estrategias de reclamos colectivos por medio de sindicatos y de movimientos autoconvocados.

COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Argentina/epidemiologia , Movimento , Pesquisa Qualitativa
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 46: 100939, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37935540


Neospora caninum, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella melitensis are pathogens that cause abortion in small ruminants. Besides, B. melitensis and T. gondii are zoonotic pathogens. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of antibodies against N. caninum, T. gondii and B. melitensis in sheep and goats from three provinces of the center region of Argentina. In addition, the spatial distribution of the infected flocks/herds and risk factors were evaluated. A cross-sectional study was conducted from 2015 through 2016. Serum samples from 4783 goats and 1524 sheep from 186 goat, 51 sheep and 38 mixed flocks/herds were analyzed. Competitive inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ciELISA) and indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) were performed for detection of antibodies against N. caninum and IFAT for T. gondii. The buffered plate antigen test and complement fixation test were performed for detection of antibodies against B. melitensis. The frequency of anti-T. gondii antibodies was 41.2% and 29.7% for sheep and goats, respectively. The frequency of anti-N. caninum antibodies was 17.2% and 14% for sheep and goats, respectively. About 97.1% of the sheep flocks, 79.4% of the goat herds and the 91.3% of the mixed flocks had seropositive animals to T. gondii. About 61.8% of the sheep flocks, 58% of the goat herds and the 82.6% of the mixed flocks had seropositive animals to N. caninum. All the analyzed animals were negative to anti-B. melitensis antibodies. For T. gondii, a significant cluster of high risk of seropositive flocks/herds was detected in the littoral of the Parana River. The province of origin of the flock/herd was the only variable associated to T. gondii positivity (p = 0.003). Animals from Santiago del Estero and Santa Fe Provinces had 3.48 and 1.77 times more risk to be positive to T. gondii than animals from Entre Ríos Province, respectively. For N. caninum, a cluster of high risk of seropositive flocks/herds was detected in the north of Santa Fe Province. The only explanatory variable associated to N. caninum positivity was animal species (p = 0.003). Sheep had 1.73 times more risk to be positive to N. caninum than goats. The absence of antibodies against B. melitensis in all the analyzed animals is an important finding for the public health of the region. Since bordering provinces have infected flocks/herds, brucellosis in small ruminants should be under epidemiologic surveillance in the region.

Brucella melitensis , Coccidiose , Doenças das Cabras , Neospora , Doenças dos Ovinos , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmose Animal , Ovinos , Animais , Cabras , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários , Coccidiose/epidemiologia , Coccidiose/veterinária , Doenças dos Ovinos/epidemiologia , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Toxoplasmose Animal/epidemiologia , Ruminantes , Fatores de Risco , Doenças das Cabras/epidemiologia
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis ; 103: 102082, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37918283


Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a public health concern globally, causing acute viral hepatitis in humans. Genotype-3 HEV (HEV-3), the most frequently genotype detected in South America, is zoonotic and the main reservoirs are the domestic pig and wild boar. Circulation of HEV-3 in Argentina has been confirmed in humans as well as in pig herds, wild boar and environmental waters. However, data are scarce mainly due to the inaccessibility of serological assays in this country. In order to provide insights in the epidemiology of HEV in swine in Argentina, we developed an indirect ELISA based on the native recombinant protein ORF2 and conducted a serological survey to determine the prevalence of seropositive swine in small-scale pig farms in the central region of Argentina. The method was evaluated in a panel of 157 serum samples, resulting in relative sensitivity of 98.6 % (95 % CI 95 %-100 %) and relative specificity of 97.7 % (95 % CI 94 %-100 %) compared to a commercial test. An almost perfect agreement was obtained between the two tests (Kappa index of 0.961). A survey on 294 samples from 49 small-scale farms resulted in a seropositivity rate of 54 %. Seropositive animals were found in 34 out of 49 (69.4 %) farms. Most of the farms (70.6 %) had over 50 % of seropositive animals. The wide spreading of HEV in the swine population of Tandil, Argentina, underscore the need to better understand the epidemiology of HEV in the region, enabling the implementation of targeted interventions to mitigate the impact of this virus on public health.

Vírus da Hepatite E , Hepatite E , Doenças dos Suínos , Humanos , Suínos , Animais , Hepatite E/epidemiologia , Hepatite E/veterinária , Argentina/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Sus scrofa , Vírus da Hepatite E/genética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , RNA Viral/genética
Medicina (B Aires) ; 83(5): 719-726, 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37870329


INTRODUCTION: During the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, Argentina population suffered from significant changes in population mobility due to non-pharmaceutical interventions. The aim of this study was to describe the impact of the mobility restrictions to the rates of positivity and diversity among different respiratory viruses. METHODS: Retrospective analytical study performed at Instituto Médico Platense in La Plata that included 458 patients with nasopharyngeal swab to search for respiratory pathogens by multiplex PCR. Changes in mobility were studied using "Community Mobility Reports", data set developed by Google and publicly available. RESULTS: Community mobility had significant correlation with the percentages of viral test positivity (p = < 0.01; R2=0.89) and viral diversity (p = 0.04; R2 = 0.78). DISCUSSION: Non-pharmaceutical interventions established to contain SARS-CoV-2 spread had a significant impact in the circulation patterns of other respiratory viruses.

Introducción: Durante la pandemia de SARS-CoV-2 en Argentina se implementaron intervenciones no farmacológicas que produjeron cambios en la movilidad de la población. El objetivo de este estudio fue relacionar los porcentajes de positividad y la diversidad viral con la movilidad poblacional durante parte del período de restricciones. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo analítico realizado en el Instituto Médico Platense durante los años 2020 a 2022 que incluyó 458 pacientes a los que se les tomó un hisopado nasofaríngeo para la búsqueda de patógenos respiratorios por PCR multiplex. Se analizaron los cambios en la movilidad de la población utilizando los "Informes de Movilidad Local", herramienta desarrollada por Google, cuyos datos son de público acceso. Resultados: La movilidad poblacional se correlacionó significativamente con el porcentaje de positividad de las muestras (p = <0.01; R2 = 0.89) y la diversidad viral (p = 0.04; R2 = 0.78). Discusión: Las intervenciones no farmacológicas destinadas a limitar la propagación del SARS-CoV-2 tuvieron efecto en la circulación de otros virus respiratorios, hallándose mayor porcentaje de positividad y diversidad a medida que las mismas disminuyeron su grado de restricción.

COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Argentina/epidemiologia
Front Public Health ; 11: 1257754, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37869189


Background: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is a common cause of acute clinical hepatitis worldwide and is emerging as a disease in Argentina. It is primarily transmitted through contaminated water and food, following the fecal-oral route. Furthermore, is a zoonotic disease with swine as the primary reservoir. Prevalence of HEV infection in humans in several regions of Argentina remains unknown. Objectives: (i) Determine the seroprevalence of HEV among the human population in Tandil, Buenos Aires, Argentina; (ii) Evaluate its association with demographic, socioeconomic and other risk exposures variables, and (iii) Describe and analyze spatial patterns related to HEV infection. Methods: From August 2020 to July 2021, serum samples were collected from 969 individuals aged 1-80 years. Seroprevalence and 95% Confidence Interval was determined. To assess the factors associated with the presence of anti-HEV antibodies, associations between the variables and seropositivity were evaluated through bivariate and multivariate analysis. Spatial scanning for clusters of positivity was carried out. Factors associated with these clusters were also assessed. Results: Anti-HEV antibodies were detected in 4.64% (IC 95% 3.27-6.02) of samples. Dark urine was associated with seropositivity (p = 0.02). Seropositivity was linked with the presence of natural water courses near their households (p = 0.02); the age (p = 0.04); and previous travel to Europe (p = 0.04). A spatial cluster of low rates of HEV seropositivity was detected, with greater distance of the households to water courses associated to the cluster, and male sex inversely associated to it. Discussion and conclusion: This study is the first study to investigate the prevalence of HEV in the population from Tandil, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Considering HEV infection in the differential diagnosis in individuals presenting acute hepatitis is highlighted. The incorporation of HEV testing into blood screening policies should be mandatory. Factors related to the infection and spatial patterns of high and low risk were determined, and should be considered when implementing specific preventive measures.

Vírus da Hepatite E , Hepatite E , Humanos , Masculino , Suínos , Animais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Hepatite E/epidemiologia , Hepatite E/diagnóstico , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite , Fatores de Risco , Água
Parasit Vectors ; 16(1): 389, 2023 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37891629


BACKGROUND: Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted intestinal nematode with a complex life cycle that primarily affects humans, non-human primates, dogs, and occasionally cats. This study presents, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of S. stercoralis infection and its genotyping in a domestic dog from Argentina. METHODS: The patient was a female wired-haired Teckel dog exhibiting recurrent coughing. Coproparasitological analysis using the Baermann technique revealed the presence of rhabditiform larvae morphologically compatible with S. stercoralis. To confirm this finding, molecular diagnosis (18S ribosomal RNA) and analysis of the cox1 gene were performed. RESULTS: We identified a haplotype (HP20) that has previously only been related to S. stercoralis infection in dogs, but was found in the present study to be highly related to the haplotype (HP16) of a zoonotic variant and divergent from those previously described from human patients in Argentina. Furthermore, unlike in human cases following treatment with ivermectin, the dog was negative after moxidectin treatment according to polymerase chain reaction of the sampled faeces. CONCLUSIONS: This case report shows the importance of further investigation into potential transmission events and prevalences of S. stercoralis in dogs and humans in South America. The results reported here should also encourage future work that examines different scenarios of infection with S. stercoralis in dogs and humans with the aim of integrating clinical management, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up strategies in the quest for new approaches for the treatment of this disease in animals and humans. The findings support the adoption of a One Health approach, which recognizes the interconnectedness between animal and human health, in addressing parasitic infections such as strongyloidiasis.

Strongyloides stercoralis , Estrongiloidíase , Humanos , Animais , Cães , Feminino , Estrongiloidíase/diagnóstico , Estrongiloidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Estrongiloidíase/veterinária , Strongyloides stercoralis/genética , Argentina/epidemiologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida
J Helminthol ; 97: e77, 2023 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37855089


In many countries, urban areas are commonly contaminated with canine feces that spread parasites, a situation related to the natural and social environment. Dogs having free access to public areas therefore constitutes a health risk. Because in Patagonia there are no records of city comparisons that consider the number of free-roaming dogs and the local environmental and socioeconomic characteristics, in this study we analyse and compare canine parasitoses in two cities of Rio Negro province, Argentina. Canine feces were collected from public areas of El Bolsón and Cipolletti cities and examined using enrichment methods, Kinyoun stain and immunoassay (Copro-Elisa). The total percentage of positive feces in El Bolsón was 68.95% and 16 parasite taxa being identified, whereas in Cipolletti the total positive feces was 41.1%, with 11 taxa. Both cities presented more helminth species than protozoans. The variables that explained the occurrence of all parasites were rainfall and socioeconomic stratum with the highest values being found in low-income areas.Soil moisture is conditioned by rainfall. This study highlights the presence of the zoonotic Echinococcus sp. in dogs in urban areas of the Rio Negro province. The occurrence of this parasite in Cipolletti is unexpected, given that this city is not considered an endemic zone for this disease, which is not included in local monitoring and control plans.

Doenças do Cão , Equinococose , Helmintos , Parasitos , Animais , Cães , Argentina/epidemiologia , Equinococose/veterinária , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Fezes/parasitologia , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia
Medicina (B Aires) ; 83(5): 683-691, 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37870326


INTRODUCTION: There is little information on the presence of COVID-19 in clinical trial participants. The objective of the study was to evaluate the cumulative infection rate for SARS-CoV-2 in this population. Additionally, we investigated the risk, lethality, and mortality from COVID-19. METHODS: The design was observational retrospective that included adult subjects participating in clinical intervention trials approved by our ethics committee during the first two years of the pandemic (March 31, 2020 to March 31, 2022). Pediatric, observational, shortterm, and inpatient protocols were excluded. RESULTS: We included 513 adult subjects who participated in clinical trials during the first two years of the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients with COVID-19 were characterized as being 59.7 ± 13.7 years old (50% female), and 92% had an increased risk of fatality from COVID-19. The cumulative rate of COVID-19 was 9.74% (95% CI: 7.32-12.64%) and its confidence intervals were below 17% of the population aged 60 to 69 in Argentina (p< 0.0001). The case fatality rate for COVID-19 was 14% (95% CI: 5.8%-26.7%) and its confidence intervals were above 2.45% of the population aged 50 to 69 in Argentina (p< 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The rate of COVID-19 in adult subjects participating in clinical trials was below the figures for the Argentine population of similar age. The fatality rate was above the population figures, and it is explained by the high risk of the population.

Introducción: Existe poca información sobre la presencia de COVID-19 en participantes de ensayos clínicos. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la tasa de infección acumulada por SARS-CoV-2 en esta población. Además, investigamos el riesgo, letalidad y mortalidad por COVID-19. Métodos: Diseño observacional retrospectivo que incluyó adultos participantes en ensayos clínicos de intervención aprobados por nuestro comité de ética durante los dos primeros años de la pandemia (31/3/2020 a 31/3/2022). Se excluyeron protocolos pediátricos, observacionales, de corta duración y con sujetos internados. Resultados: Se incluyeron 513 sujetos adultos que participaron en ensayos clínicos durante ese período de la pandemia por COVID-19. Los pacientes con COVID-19 se caracterizaron por tener una edad de 59.7 ± 13.7 años (50% sexo femenino) y el 92% presentó riesgo incrementado de letalidad por COVID-19. La tasa acumulada de COVID-19 fue de 9.74% (IC 95%: 7.32-12.64%) que se situó por debajo del 17% de la población de 60 a 69 años de la Argentina (p<0.0001). La tasa de letalidad por COVID-19 fue de 14% (IC 95%: 5.8-26.7), que se situó por encima del 2.45% de la población de 50 a 69 años de la Argentina (p<0.0001). Conclusión: La tasa de COVID-19 en los sujetos adultos participantes de ensayos clínicos estuvo por debajo de las cifras de la población argentina de similar edad. La tasa de letalidad estuvo por encima de las cifras poblacionales y se explica por el alto riesgo de esa población.

COVID-19 , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Argentina/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
BMC Geriatr ; 23(1): 682, 2023 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37864147


BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medication use is prevalent among older adults in primary care, leading to increased morbidity, adverse drug reactions, hospitalizations, and mortality. This study aimed to develop and validate a tool for identifying PIMs in older adults within the primary care setting. The tool is composed of a list of criteria and was created based on consensus among experts from three Spanish-speaking countries, including two from Latin America. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify existing tools, and prescription patterns were evaluated in a cohort of 36,111 older adults. An electronic Delphi method, consisting of two rounds, was used to reach a formal expert consensus. The panel included 18 experts from Spain, Colombia, and Argentina. The content validity index, validity of each content item, and Kappa Fleiss statistical measure were used to establish reliability. RESULTS: Round one did not yield a consensus, but a definitive consensus was reached in round two. The resulting tool consisted of a list of 5 general recommendations per disease, along with 33 criteria related to potential problems, recommendations, and alternative therapeutic options. The overall content validity of the tool was 0.87, with a Kappa value of 0.69 (95% CI 0.64-0.73; Substantial). CONCLUSIONS: The developed criteria provide a novel list that allows for a comprehensive approach to pharmacotherapy in older adults, intending to reduce inappropriate medication use, ineffective treatments, prophylactic therapies, and treatments with an unfavorable risk-benefit ratio for the given condition. Further studies are necessary to evaluate the impact of these criteria on health outcomes.

Desprescrições , Prescrição Inadequada , Humanos , Idoso , Prescrição Inadequada/prevenção & controle , Espanha/epidemiologia , Consenso , Argentina/epidemiologia , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Lista de Medicamentos Potencialmente Inapropriados , Prescrições de Medicamentos , Polimedicação
Geospat Health ; 18(2)2023 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37873994


New approaches to the study of cardiometabolic disease (CMD) distribution include analysis of built environment (BE), with spatial tools as suitable instruments. We aimed to characterize the spatial dissemination of CMD and the associated risk factors considering the BE for people attending the Non-Invasive Cardiology Service of Hospital Nacional de Clinicas in Córdoba City, Argentina during the period 2015-2020. We carried out an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study performing non-probabilistic convenience sampling. The final sample included 345 people of both sexes older than 35 years. The CMD data were collected from medical records and validated techniques and BE information was extracted from Landsat-8 satellite products. A geographic information system (GIS) was constructed to assess the distribution of CMD and its risk factors in the area. Out of the people sampled, 41% showed the full metabolic syndrome and 22.6% only type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), a cluster of which was evidenced in north-western Córdoba. The risk of DM2 showed an association with high values of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) (OR= 0.81; 95% CI: - 0.30 to 1.66; p=0.05) and low normalized difference built index (NDBI) values that reduced the probability of occurrence of DM2 (OR= -1.39; 95% CI: -2.62 to -0.17; p=0.03). Considering that the results were found to be linked to the environmental indexes, the study of BE should include investigation of physical space as a fundamental part of the context in which people develop medically within society. The novel collection of satellite-generated information on BE proved efficient.

Doenças Cardiovasculares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Argentina/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 79: 105018, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37806234


BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis Optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an antibody-mediated autoimmune disease of the CNS, which especially affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. There is little known in Latin America (LATAM) about NMOSD, and few reports have been published in the literature so far. We aimed to describe an NMOSD study in a single center from Argentina. METHODS: A retrospective cross sectional study was carried out in a single reference center in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Data were collected from January 2000 through December 2021 using medical records from patients attending Ramos Mejia Hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Here we describe the clinical, laboratory, MRI, disability course, and treatment of 92 NMOSD patients. RESULTS: Mean age at the onset of symptoms was 31 years (range 2-68) with a female/male ratio of 4.8:1. 71.7 % had an early onset before the age of 50 years old, 8.7 % had a late onset of the disease and 19.6 % had an onset at pediatric age. The first symptom of NMOSD was optic neuritis in 47.8 % of the patients, followed by transverse myelitis, 33.7 % and area postrema syndrome, 5.4 %. 96.7 % of patients relapsed at least once during the follow-up period. The mean of the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) was 4.0 (range 2-8). 34,8 % had one or more associated autoimmune diseases. 78,6 % had a positive result for AQP4-IgG. The ratio of male to female was 1:8.4 vs.1:1.2 in the seropositive group vs. the seronegative. CSF results showed OCB type 2 in 6.3 %. The brain MRI did not show brain lesions in 71,7 % of the patients. 17 % presented spinal cord lesions with less than 3 vertebral segments. All patients received treatment with immunosuppressive drugs. Rituximab and azathioprine were the most used. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest hospital-based study in an Argentina cross-sectional study of patients with NMOSD. Recurrent disease, early age at onset, female prevalence in AQP4-IgG+ patients, and the difficulty to assess new treatments, are the highlight features in our study of patients. Further Argentinian and LATAM studies will provide more information.

Neuromielite Óptica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neuromielite Óptica/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuromielite Óptica/epidemiologia , Neuromielite Óptica/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aquaporina 4 , Argentina/epidemiologia , Imunoglobulina G , Autoanticorpos
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(5): e202202794, oct. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1509540


Introducción. La tasa de mortalidad neonatal (TMN) es un indicador de condiciones socioeconómicas, ambientales y sanitarias. La cuenca Matanza Riachuelo (CMR) es la más contaminada de Argentina. Objetivo. Analizar la evolución de la mortalidad neonatal (MN) en la CMR entre los años 2010 y 2019, sus características, y compararla con datos globales de Argentina, de la provincia de Buenos Aires (PBA) y de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (CABA) en 2019. Población y métodos. Estudio descriptivo de estadísticas vitales del Ministerio de Salud de la Nación. Resultados. En 2019, la TMN en la CMR fue del 6,4 ‰; en Argentina, del 6,2 ‰; en PBA, del 6 ‰, y en CABA, del 5,1 ‰. El riesgo de MN en la CMR fue mayor que en CABA (RR: 1,32; IC95% 1,08-1,61). Entre 2010 y 2019, disminuyó la TMN en la CMR, en PBA y en Argentina; pero no en CABA. El riesgo de MN por afecciones perinatales en la CMR fue mayor que en CABA (RR: 1,30; IC95% 1,011,67). El riesgo de muerte para nacidos vivos (NV) con muy bajo peso al nacer (MBPN) en la CMR fue mayor que en CABA (RR: 1,70; IC95% 1,33-2,18) y menor que en Argentina (RR: 0,78; IC95% 0,70-0,87). Conclusión. La evolución 2010-2019 de la TMN fue similar en la CMR, en Argentina y en PBA. En 2019 la estructura de causas y el riesgo de MN fueron similares en la CMR, en PBA y en Argentina, con mayor riesgo por afecciones perinatales y de los NV con MBPN. La TMN de NV de MBPN fue menor en la CMR que en Argentina.

Introduction. The neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is an indicator of socioeconomic, environmental, andhealth care conditions. The Matanza-Riachuelo River Basin (MRRB) is the most polluted in Argentina.Objective. To analyze neonatal mortality (NM) in the MRRB between 2010 and 2019 and compare itwith overall data for Argentina, the province of Buenos Aires (PBA), and the City of Buenos Aires (CABA)in 2019.Population and methods. Descriptive study based on vital statistics provided by the Ministry of Health. Results. In 2019, the NMR was 6.4‰ in the MRRB, 6.2‰ in Argentina; 6‰ in PBA; and 5.1‰ in CABA.The risk of NM in the MRRB was higher than in CABA (RR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.08­1.61). Between 2010and 2019, the NMR decreased in the MRRB, PBA, and Argentina; but not in CABA.The risk of NM due to perinatal conditions in the MRRB was higher than in CABA (RR: 1.30, 95%CI: 1.01­1.67).The risk of death among very low birth weight (VLBW) live births (LBs) in the MRRB was higher than in CABA(RR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.33­2.18) and lower than in Argentina (RR: 0.78, 95% CI: 0.70­0.87).Conclusion. The evolution of NMR between 2010 and 2019 was similar in the MRRB, Argentina, andPBA. In 2019, the structure of causes and the risk of NM were similar in the MRRB, PBA, and Argentina,with a higher risk due to perinatal conditions and among VLBW LBs. The NMR among VLBW LBs waslower in the MRRB than in Argentina

Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Infantil , Rios , Argentina/epidemiologia , Cidades , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(5): e202202854, oct. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1452090


La incidencia de sobrepeso y obesidad es alarmante en el mundo. En Argentina son escasos los estudios multifactoriales a pesar de los altos índices de sobrepeso y obesidad en la población infantil (SOI). En este estudio evaluamos la prevalencia de SOI y sus factores de riesgo asociados desde una perspectiva multicausal: analizamos hábitos de sueño, uso de pantallas, estrés crónico en niños y sus cuidadores, problemas de relación social, alimentación y actividad física. De los 397 niños de primer y séptimo grado que completaron los cuestionarios, el 41 % presentó SOI. Los niños con obesidad mostraron realizar menos actividad física, tener un menor consumo de alimentos protectores, más riesgos de trastornos del sueño, mayores niveles de estrés crónico (tanto en los niños como en sus cuidadores) y mayor índice de rechazo entre pares. En la mayoría de los niños se encontró un uso generalizado de pantallas antes de acostarse. El presente estudio evidencia la diversidad de factores asociados a esta problemática y destaca la conveniencia de utilizar un enfoque multidimensional para abordar la obesidad en la infancia. Asimismo, los resultados de este trabajo sugieren la necesidad de considerar los hábitos de vida como estrategia preventiva y terapéutica para el tratamiento de esta enfermedad desde etapas tempranas.

The incidence of overweight and obesity is alarming worldwide. In Argentina, multifactorial studies are scarce despite the high rates of childhood overweight and obesity (OW/OB). In this study we assessed the prevalence of childhood OW/OB and the associated risk factors from a multicausal perspective: we analyzed sleep habits, screen use, chronic stress in children and their caregivers, social relationship problems, eating habits, and physical activity. Of the 397 first and seventh graders who completed the questionnaires, 41% had childhood OW/OB. In children with obesity, a lower level of physical activity, a lower consumption of protective foods, a higher risk for sleep disorders, higher levels of chronic stress (in both children and their caregivers), and higher rates of peer rejection were observed. Widespread use of screens before bedtime was noted in most children. This study evidences the diversity of factors associated with childhood OW/OB and highlights the convenience of a multidimensional approach to address it. In addition, the results of this study suggest the need to consider lifestyle habits as a preventive and therapeutic strategy for the management of OW/OB from early stages.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Alimentar
Arch Virol ; 168(10): 251, 2023 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37702836


One of the challenges associated with introducing a vaccine is monitoring its impact through clinical and molecular surveillance. The aims of this study were to analyze the genetic diversity of rotavirus A in Argentina between 2019 and 2022 and to assess the phylogenetic and phylodynamic features of the unusual G6 strains detected. A significant decline in the Wa-like genogroup strains was observed, and G6 strains were detected for the first time in Argentina, in association with P[8] and P[9]. Spatiotemporal analysis showed that the G6-lineage I strains detected recently in Argentina and Brazil might have emerged from European strains. This study provides recent evidence of the genetic diversity of rotaviruses in isolated cases. It is considered important to support continuous surveillance of rotavirus in the post-vaccine scenario, mainly to evaluate potential changes that may occur after the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 , Rotavirus , Humanos , Rotavirus/genética , Argentina/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Filogenia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Variação Genética
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 30Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e2023048, 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37729238


The article explores the mutations in the practices of health professionals in the context of covid-19. It focuses on "the covid area" of a hospital in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, seeking to know the rearrangement of hospital space and routines, and the ways of communicating death. In a short period of time, adjustments in professional practices and attempts at new routines and rituals are observed. In the doctor/patient relationship and in the way of communicating a death, both "exceptional" actions (which violate routines) and attempts to recover care techniques linked to the paradigm of humanized medicine are condensed.

El artículo explora las mutaciones en las prácticas de los profesionales de la salud en el contexto de la covid-19. Se centra en "el área covid" de un hospital de la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina, buscando conocer el reordenamiento del espacio y rutinas hospitalarias, y las formas de comunicar la muerte. En un período corto de tempo se observan ajustes en las prácticas profesionales e intentos de nuevas rutinas y rituales. En el vínculo médico/paciente y en la forma de comunicar una muerte se condensan tanto las acciones "excepcionales" (que vulneram rutinas) como intentos de recuperar técnicas de cuidado vinculados al paradigma de la medicina humanizada.

COVID-19 , Humanos , Argentina/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Relações Médico-Paciente , Hospitais
Biomedica ; 43(Sp. 1): 109-119, 2023 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37721908


Introduction: Sporotrichosis is an implantation mycosis caused by Sporothrix spp. It is distributed worldwide and can be found in vegetation and soil. The most frequent route of infection is by trauma with elements contaminated with fungal propagules. Since domestic cats are the most affected animals and can transmit this infection to humans, sporotrichosis is considered a zoonosis. Clinical presentations include nodular lymphangitis, fixed cutaneous, pulmonary (rare), and disseminated (exceptional). Objectives: To analyze the epidemiology of sporotrichosis in Argentina during 2010 and 2022. To describe the clinical presentation, diagnostic methods, and treatment of cases diagnosed during this period. To know the circulating genotypes and to observe possible associations with the geographic location where the infection was acquired. Materials and methods: Analytical, retrospective, and observational study. We analyzed the medical records of patients with sporotrichosis from 12 health institutions in Argentina, between 2010 and 2022. Results: We present 54 cases in which the most frequent clinical form was nodular lymphangitis, and the treatment of choice was itraconazole. Conventional diagnosis was made in all cases. Culture of clinical samples was more sensitive than direct examination because it allowed the isolation of Sporothrix spp. in all 54 cases. Molecular identification was performed in 22 cases, with Sporothrix schenkii sensu stricto being the most frequently isolated species. Conclusions: This study allowed to know the epidemiology of this mycosis in Argentina, as well as the availability of diagnostic methods and the treatment of choice.

Introducción: La esporotricosis es una micosis de implantación causada por Sporothrix spp. Este se encuentra distribuido mundialmente y se puede encontrar en la vegetación y en el suelo. La ruta más frecuente de adquisición de la infección es por traumatismos con elementos contaminados con propágulos del hongo. Los gatos domésticos son los animales más afectados y pueden transmitirla a los humanos, por lo que es considerada una zoonosis. Las formas clínicas incluyen: la linfangítica nodular, la cutánea fija, la pulmonar (poco habitual) y la diseminada (excepcional). Objetivo: Analizar la epidemiología de la esporotricosis en Argentina entre los años 2010 y 2022. Describir la presentación clínica, los métodos de diagnóstico y el tratamiento de los casos diagnosticados en este período. Conocer los genotipos circulantes y observar su relación con el lugar geográfico de adquisición de la infección. Materiales y métodos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio analítico, retrospectivo y observacional, en el que se analizaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes con esporotricosis de 12 instituciones de salud de Argentina, entre los años 2010 y 2022. Resultados: Se presentan 54 casos en los que la forma clínica más frecuente fue la linfangítica nodular y el tratamiento de elección fue el itraconazol. En todos los casos se realizó diagnóstico convencional. El cultivo de las muestras clínicas resultó más sensible que el examen directo, ya que permitió el desarrollo de Sporothrix spp. en los 54 casos. En 22 casos se hizo identificación molecular y Sporothrix schenkii sensu stricto fue la especie más frecuentemente aislada. Conclusiones: Este estudio permitió conocer la epidemiología de esta micosis en Argentina, así como la disponibilidad de métodos diagnósticos y el tratamiento de elección.

Itraconazol , Tolnaftato , Animais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Zoonoses
Res Vet Sci ; 164: 105000, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37708830


Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emerging cause of viral hepatitis and pigs are considered a reservoir for the virus. HEV genotype 3 (HEV-3) has been reported in pigs, environmental matrices, and sporadic human cases in Argentina. We aimed to investigate HEV circulation in pigs from central Argentina and to assess the virus presence in pork meat and food products. Four types of samples obtained or derived from pigs collected in Córdoba province (Argentina) between 2019 and 2022, were tested: 276 serum samples were analyzed for anti-HEV antibody detection; stool (n = 20), pork meat (n = 71), and salami (n = 76) samples were studied for RNA-HEV detection, followed by sequencing and phylogenetic analyses. The positivity rate for anti-HEV antibodies was 80.1% (221/276). Eleven fecal samples (11/20) tested positive for RNA-HEV, from animals under 120 days of age. Three samples could be sequenced, and phylogenetic analyses revealed that they belonged to HEV-3 clade abchijklm, clustering close to strains previously detected in wastewater from Córdoba. None of the muscle meat or salami samples tested positive. A high HEV circulation in pigs was found, showing that these animals may play a significant role in the viral maintenance in the region, becoming a potential risk to the exposed population. Despite not detecting RNA-HEV in pork meat and salami in our study, we cannot rule out the possibility of foodborne transmission in Córdoba province.

Vírus da Hepatite E , Hepatite E , Produtos da Carne , Carne de Porco , Carne Vermelha , Doenças dos Suínos , Humanos , Animais , Suínos , Vírus da Hepatite E/genética , Hepatite E/epidemiologia , Hepatite E/veterinária , Carne Vermelha/análise , Argentina/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Carne/análise , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/análise , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia
Zoonoses Public Health ; 70(8): 674-683, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37747079


In late October 2021, one of the veterinarians and the occupational physician of a bovine and swine abattoir from Entre Ríos Province, Argentina were alerted about workers with atypical pneumonia symptoms, raising suspicious of a possible Q fever outbreak. An outbreak epidemiological investigation was carried out. Analysis was based on the description of the study population, according to gender, age, symptoms, and position within the abattoir, as well as on outbreak epidemic curve and its probable origin. Cases of Q fever in the workers were confirmed by serology. Measurements of the association between the evaluated variables and the risk of exposure were investigated and calculated as attack rates. The outbreak occurred between October and November 2021, symptomatically affecting 11 workers, out of a total exposed population of 49 individuals. The index case was a 33-year-old male who started with symptoms on 27 October 2021, and the outbreak extended for at least 17 days. Workers in the clean zone of the slaughter floor had a 4.68 times higher risk of contracting Q fever than people located in other areas. Importantly, two pregnant cows were slaughtered a few days before the outbreak began, which could have been the origin of the outbreak. The present study demonstrates the urgent need to consider Q fever when diagnosing abortive diseases of ruminants in Argentina, as well as in zoonotic disease epidemiological surveillance to inform all actors of the health system.

Doenças dos Bovinos , Doenças Profissionais , Febre Q , Doenças dos Suínos , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Suínos , Febre Q/epidemiologia , Febre Q/veterinária , Matadouros , Argentina/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/veterinária , Surtos de Doenças/veterinária , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia