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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(9): 3503-3510, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876267

RESUMO

The objective of this work was to estimate the incubation period and the serial interval of Covid-19 from a sample of symptomatic patients in Bahia Blanca city during the period March-May 2020. We collected dates of illness onset for primary cases and secondary cases for the first 18 secondary patients infected with SARS-Cov-2. Estimations of incubation period are based on a log-normal distribution while we assume a Gamma distribution for the serial interval. In both cases maximum likelihood estimator was applied to estimate main parameters. Of the total of 18 cases of local transmission analyzed, 17% occurred in the presymptomatic and asymptomatic phase. The mean incubation period for symptomatic patients is 7.9 days (95%CI: 4.6, 11.1) considering the full sample and 7.5 days (95%CI: 4.1, 10.9) if the sample is restricted to the most certain cases. The median is 6.1 and 5.8 days respectively. The point estimation for the mean serial interval is 6.8 days (95%CI: 4.0-9.6). or 5.5 days (95%CI: 2.8, 8.1) for most certain pairs. The estimated median serial intervals were 5.2 and 4.1 days respectively. Comparisons with foreign estimates show that incubation period and serial interval could be longer in Bahia Blanca city than in other regions. Transmission from pre-symptomatic and asymptomatic is not negligible.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Período de Incubação de Doenças Infecciosas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(3): 168-175, 2020 08 21.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991104

RESUMO

Introduction: In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, WHO published considerations regarding people with disabilities. The aim of this work was to know if these considerations can be fulfilled and if there are differences in their fulfillment between age groups. Method: Descriptive study aimed at people with disabilities in Argentina. A survey was conducted about the four WHO recommendations for this population in online mode, between the 28th and 39th days of preventive and compulsory social isolation. Statistical analysis was according to the nature of the variables, X2 with Fisher's correction was used to determine the differences between groups. Results: 309 surveys were collected from 18 provinces of Argentina. 230(74.4%[69.1-79.1]) were answered by caregivers and 79(25.5%[20.7-30.7]) by people with disabilities. Persons with disabilities were 138(44.7%[39.0-50.4]) children and adolescents and 171(55.3%[49.5-60.9]) adults and older adults. People with disabilities were able to comply with the WHO recommendations regarding reducing exposure to COVID-19 and to be prepared in case of contracting it. There were difficulties in the number of caregivers needed, since 266(66.6%[61.0-71.8]) have this possibility, and difficulties in 55(32.1%[25.1-39.6]) adults and older adults that do not carry out educational-therapeutic activities. There are feelings of anxiety, distress, or depression in people with disabilities and their caregivers. Conclusion: In Argentina, it is possible to comply with the WHO recommendations to avoid exposure to the virus and to be prepared in case of infection. Challenges remain to be solved in terms of accompanying people with disabilities in their physical and mental health.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoas com Deficiência , Cooperação do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Isolamento Social , Organização Mundial da Saúde
3.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(3): 176-181, 2020 08 25.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991105

RESUMO

Introduction: After the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak, global measures were implemented with the aim of containing its progression. On March 20, 2020, the mandatory preventive quarantine began in Argentina. As a result of these events, previous studies conducted in the framework of this pandemic in China, have shown psychological consequences. Methods: The aim of this study is to explore, through a self-administered electronic survey, attitudes and fears regarding COVID-19, the development of depressive symptoms and the pattern of alcohol consumption among the argentinian population during quarantine (n = 759). Results: As a result, we observed that fear of COVID-19 was greater in 55 to 59 years old people, with an abrupt drop above 70; that depressed mood and the increased of alcohol consumption were more frequent in youngest subjects, and that depressed mood was also frequent among subjects who lost their jobs during quarantine. Finally, we observed an elevated degree of agreement with the quarantine measure, even in some people who suffered a decrease in their income greater than 80% during quarantine. These results are useful for obtaining information about risk groups, enabling specific preventive and therapeutic strategies could be designed.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Quarentena/psicologia
6.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(8): e0008545, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841252

RESUMO

The analysis of zoonotic disease risk requires the consideration of both human and animal geo-referenced disease incidence data. Here we show an application of joint Bayesian analyses to the study of echinococcosis granulosus (EG) in the province of Rio Negro, Argentina. We focus on merging passive and active surveillance data sources of animal and human EG cases using joint Bayesian spatial and spatio-temporal models. While similar spatial clustering and temporal trending was apparent, there appears to be limited lagged dependence between animal and human outcomes. Beyond the data quality issues relating to missingness at different times, we were able to identify relations between dog and human data and the highest 'at risk' areas for echinococcosis within the province.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública/métodos , Zoonoses/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Animais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Cães , Echinococcus granulosus , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0233855, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673312

RESUMO

We aimed to identify variables for forecasting seasonal and short-term targets for influenza-like illness (ILI) in South Korea, and other input variables through weekly time-series of the variables. We also aimed to suggest prediction models for ILI activity using a seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average, including exogenous variables (SARIMAX) models. We collected ILI, FluNet surveillance data, Google Trends (GT), weather, and air-pollution data from 2010 to 2019, applying cross-correlation analysis to identify the time lag between the two respective time-series. The relationship between ILI in South Korea and the input variables were evaluated with Linear regression models. To validate selected input variables, the autoregressive moving average, including exogenous variables (ARMAX) models were used to forecast seasonal ILI after 2 and 30 weeks with a three-year window for the training set used in the fixed rolling window analysis. Moreover, a final SARIMAX model was constructed. Influenza A virus activity peaks in South Korea were roughly divided between the 51st and the 7th week, while those of influenza B were divided between the 3rd and 14th week. GT showed the highest correlation coefficient with forecasts from a week ahead, and seasonal influenza outbreak patterns in Argentina showed a high correlation with those 30 weeks ahead in South Korea. The prediction models after 2 and 30 weeks using ARMAX models had R2 values of 0.789 and 0.621, respectively, indicating that reference models using only the previous seasonal ILI could be improved. The currently eligible input variables selected by the cross-correlation analysis helped propose short-term and long-term predictions for ILI in Korea. Our findings indicate that influenza surveillance in Argentina can help predict seasonal ILI patterns after 30 weeks in South Korea, and these can help the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention determine vaccine strategies for the next ILI season.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças , Previsões/métodos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Internet , Estações do Ano , Argentina/epidemiologia , Humanos , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Modelos Lineares , Vigilância da População , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
8.
PLoS Med ; 17(7): e1003224, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is associated with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. Argentina is one of the major consumers of SSBs per capita worldwide. Determining the impact of SSB reduction on health will inform policy debates. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used the Cardiovascular Disease Policy Model-Argentina (CVD Policy Model-Argentina), a local adaptation of a well-established computer simulation model that projects cardiovascular and mortality events for the population 35-94 years old, to estimate the impact of reducing SSB consumption on diabetes incidence, cardiovascular events, and mortality in Argentina during the period 2015-2024, using local demographic and consumption data. Given uncertainty regarding the exact amount of SSBs consumed by different age groups, we modeled 2 estimates of baseline consumption (low and high) under 2 different scenarios: a 10% and a 20% decrease in SSB consumption. We also included a range of caloric compensation in the model (0%, 39%, and 100%). We used Monte Carlo simulations to generate 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs) around our primary outcome measures for each intervention scenario. Over the 2015-2024 period, a 10% reduction in SSBs with a caloric compensation of 39% is projected to reduce incident diabetes cases by 13,300 (95% UI 10,800-15,600 [low SSB consumption estimate]) to 27,700 cases (95% UI 22,400-32,400 [high SSB consumption estimate]), i.e., 1.7% and 3.6% fewer cases, respectively, compared to a scenario of no change in SSB consumption. It would also reduce myocardial infarctions by 2,500 (95% UI 2,200-2,800) to 5,100 (95% UI 4,500-5,700) events and all-cause deaths by 2,700 (95% UI 2,200-3,200) to 5,600 (95% UI 4,600-6,600) for "low" and "high" estimates of SSB intake, respectively. A 20% reduction in SSB consumption with 39% caloric compensation is projected to result in 26,200 (95% UI 21,200-30,600) to 53,800 (95% UI 43,900-62,700) fewer cases of diabetes, 4,800 (95% UI 4,200-5,300) to 10,000 (95% UI 8,800-11,200) fewer myocardial infarctions, and 5,200 (95% UI 4,300-6,200) to 11,000 (95% UI 9,100-13,100) fewer deaths. The largest reductions in diabetes and cardiovascular events were observed in the youngest age group modeled (35-44 years) for both men and women; additionally, more events could be avoided in men compared to women in all age groups. The main limitations of our study are the limited availability of SSB consumption data in Argentina and the fact that we were only able to model the possible benefits of the interventions for the population older than 34 years. CONCLUSIONS: Our study finds that, even under conservative assumptions, a relatively small reduction in SSB consumption could lead to a substantial decrease in diabetes incidence, cardiovascular events, and mortality in Argentina.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar/efeitos adversos , Argentina/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Teóricos
9.
J. negat. no posit. results ; 5(7): 721-725, jul. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192329

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Pandemia infectocontagiosa puede afectar a los equipos quirúrgicos actuantes. OBJETIVO: Presentar nuevo listado de verificación de cirugía segura. MÉTODO: Verificación en potenciales pacientes COVID-19 en el uso de instrumentos y vestuario tanto en la entrada como al finalizar el acto quirúrgico registrada en el reverso de la actual lista de verificación por el equipo quirúrgico actuante. CONCLUSIÓN: Aporte para prevención de equipos quirúrgicos actuantes


BACKGROUND: Infected pandemic may affect surgical team. OBJECTIVE: New safe surgery checklist was presented. METHOD: Checklist of safe surgery in potential COVID-19 patients with verification of the equipment surgical and the locker room used at the initial as well as in the removal end of surgical act registered on the back of the current checklist by the operating surgical team. CONCLUSION: Selfless contribution to protect the surgical team


Assuntos
Humanos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/normas , Gestão da Segurança/métodos , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Precauções Universais/métodos , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Lista de Checagem/métodos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/normas , Argentina/epidemiologia
10.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 80 Suppl 3: 7-15, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658842

RESUMO

Forecasting the extent of the domestic health risk of epidemics by mathematical modeling is a useful tool for evaluating the feasibility of policies for controlling outbreaks. The objective of this study was to develop a time-dependent dynamic simulation model to forecast the COVID-19 autumn-winter outbreak in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, and to assess the effect of social distancing on epidemic spread. The model used was the "Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious-Recovered" framework which incorporated appropriate compartments relevant to interventions such as quarantine, isolation and treatment. In a low-intervention scenario including only 2-week isolation for international travelers and their contacts, the model estimated a maximum peak of nearly 90 000 symptomatic cases for early May. For an intervention scenario with mandatory quarantine during a 5-month period, the curve of cases flattened and receded as the proportion of quarantined individuals increased. The maximum peak was expected to appear between May 8 and Jul 8 depending on the quarantine strategy, and the average number of infectious symptomatic cases were 46 840, 30 494, 23 164, 16 179, and 13 196 when 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50% of the population remained in a 5-month-term continuous quarantine, respectively. Only mandatory quarantine was able to delay the maximum peak of infection and significantly reduce the total number of infected individuals and deaths at a 150-day term. The interruption of the quarantine before 120 days of its beginning could generate an even more serious outbreak 30 days later, and surpass the scarce medical resources available for the intensive care of critically-ill patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cidades , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Estações do Ano , Distância Social , População Urbana
11.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 80 Suppl 3: 25-30, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658844

RESUMO

This is an analysis of clinical characteristics, images findings, laboratory variables and respiratory mechanics in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during the first month of the pandemic outbreak in Buenos Aires. In this descriptive case study of a single-centre, we included all confirmed cases of COVID-19 hospitalized in intensive care unit (ICU). All cases were confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. A total of 7 patients with confirmed COVID-19 were referred to out ICU. The median age was 71 years (interquartile range 52-75), including 4 men and 3 women. Patients most common clinical manifestations were fever (7), cough (5), asthenia (4) and shortness of breath (3). Among the radiological findings, five of them showed interstitial opacities and one patient had bilateral pulmonary consolidation. Five required invasive mechanical ventilation and multiple prone sessions. None died during hospitalization, although three still remain in the ICU. According to imaging examination, 71.4% showed interstitial opacities and one patient bilateral consolidation. Five patients required invasive mechanical ventilation and multiple prone sessions. None of them died during hospitalization, although three still remain in the ICU.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Coronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Respiração Artificial , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Idoso , Argentina/epidemiologia , Astenia/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Tosse/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 80 Suppl 3: 42-44, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658847

RESUMO

CONICET's Translational Health Research Network is coordinating efforts to advance in translational medicine. Health researchers initiate and focus their research with the aim of improving the health and quality of life of the population. An efficient research system should address health problems relevant to the population resulting in interventions and outcomes important for patients and health professionals. Recommendations to achieve this involve large thematic areas like (a) to set research priorities; (b) to improve research methodology; (c) to make research management and regulation transparent; (d) to increase accessibility to all results; and (e) to improve research dissemination. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has been a clear demonstration of how the country's research system has united the most diverse disciplines to jointly provide solutions to address it. An active and transparent mechanism to identify priorities in the country and to unite funding and research efforts to provide solutions to those priorities is proposed. Translational health research means the joint work of the most diverse health research disciplines in order to jointly obtain efficient and effective interventions to improve the health and quality of life of the population.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Pesquisa Médica Translacional , Argentina/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida
13.
Parasitol Res ; 119(10): 3305-3313, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651636

RESUMO

The genetic structure of natural populations offers insight into the complexities of their dynamics, information that can be relevant to vector control strategies. Microsatellites are useful neutral markers to investigate the genetic structure and gene flow in Triatoma infestans, one of the main vectors of Chagas disease in South America. Recently, a heterogeneous pyrethroid-resistant hotspot was found in the Argentine Gran Chaco, characterized by the highest levels of deltamethrin resistance found at the present time. We applied population genetics analyses to microsatellite and village data and search for associations between the genetic variability and the heterogeneous toxicological pattern previously found. We genotyped 10 microsatellite loci in 67 T. infestans from 6 villages with no, low, and high pyrethroid resistance. The most genetically diverse populations were those susceptible or with low values of resistance. In contrast, high-resistance populations had lower herozygosity and some monomorphic loci. A negative association was found between variability and resistant ratios. Global and pairwise FSTs indicated significant differentiation between populations. The only susceptible population was discriminated in all the performed studies. Low-resistance populations were also differentiated by a discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPC) and were composed mostly by the same two genetic clusters according to STRUCTURE Bayesian algorithm. Individuals from the high-resistance populations were overlapped in the DAPC and shared significant proportions of a genetic cluster. These observations suggest that the resistant populations might have a common origin, although more genetic markers and samples are required to test this hypothesis more rigorously.


Assuntos
Insetos Vetores/genética , Resistência a Inseticidas/genética , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Piretrinas/farmacologia , Triatoma/genética , Animais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Doença de Chagas/epidemiologia , Doença de Chagas/transmissão , Variação Genética , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética
14.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(suppl 1): 2447-2456, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-595856

RESUMO

The scope of this work is to explore the feelings and expectations that COVID-19 has generated in Argentina during the first stage of the pandemic. A survey of the World Health Organization adapted to the local context was applied. Open-ended questions were included to study people's feelings about COVID-19, and content analysis was subsequently conducted. In terms of results, it is revealed that the population surveyed feels uncertainty, fear and anguish, albeit a feeling of responsibility and care in the face of COVID-19 also emerges. Moreover, positive feelings regarding society stand out as an achievement of social interdependence. The results obtained show that the impact on mental health differs in accordance with gender, educational level, and perceived comfort in the home. The study concludes that the emotional and bonding dimensions of people are central to confronting the COVID-19 pandemic in Argentina. It is recommended that these dimensions, as well as their subjective and differential social impact among the different population groups, should be considered in the planning of policies to address the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emoções , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Medo , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação do Impacto na Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Incerteza , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
15.
Nat Hum Behav ; 4(7): 746-755, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572175

RESUMO

The lack of effective pharmaceutical interventions for SARS-CoV-2 raises the possibility of COVID-19 recurrence. We explore different post-confinement scenarios by using a stochastic modified SEIR (susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered) model that accounts for the spread of infection during the latent period and also incorporates time-decaying effects due to potential loss of acquired immunity, people's increasing awareness of social distancing and the use of non-pharmaceutical interventions. Our results suggest that lockdowns should remain in place for at least 60 days to prevent epidemic growth, as well as a potentially larger second wave of SARS-CoV-2 cases occurring within months. The best-case scenario should also gradually incorporate workers in a daily proportion at most 50% higher than during the confinement period. We show that decaying immunity and particularly awareness and behaviour have 99% significant effects on both the current wave of infection and on preventing COVID-19 re-emergence. Social distancing and individual non-pharmaceutical interventions could potentially remove the need for lockdowns.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Máscaras , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Política Pública , Argentina/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Modelos Estatísticos , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Quarentena , Risco , Comportamento Social , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(suppl 1): 2447-2456, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520288

RESUMO

The scope of this work is to explore the feelings and expectations that COVID-19 has generated in Argentina during the first stage of the pandemic. A survey of the World Health Organization adapted to the local context was applied. Open-ended questions were included to study people's feelings about COVID-19, and content analysis was subsequently conducted. In terms of results, it is revealed that the population surveyed feels uncertainty, fear and anguish, albeit a feeling of responsibility and care in the face of COVID-19 also emerges. Moreover, positive feelings regarding society stand out as an achievement of social interdependence. The results obtained show that the impact on mental health differs in accordance with gender, educational level, and perceived comfort in the home. The study concludes that the emotional and bonding dimensions of people are central to confronting the COVID-19 pandemic in Argentina. It is recommended that these dimensions, as well as their subjective and differential social impact among the different population groups, should be considered in the planning of policies to address the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emoções , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Medo , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação do Impacto na Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Incerteza , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
17.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(2): 61-67, 2020 04 07.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558506

RESUMO

Objective: Evaluate the prevalence of asthma risk in subject of 13-14 years old that were exposed to volcanic ash. One year after the eruption of the Calbuco Volcano and in 2 cities with different degrees of exposure. Methods: Cross-sectional study was developed in subjects of 13-14 years old of two Patagonian cities: San Carlos de Bariloche and Cipolletti. The ISAAC questionnaire and video questionnaire was applied to determine asthma risk. Demographic and perception of exposure variables were assessed. Results: 511 subjects were surveyed in both cities. The prevalence of asthma at risk symptoms was higher in Bariloche 14% compared to Cipolletti 10%, but this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.32). A significant increase in the perception of volcanic ash exposure was reported 14% in Bariloche city vs. 6% in Cipolletti city, p<0.05. Conclusions: After 18 months of volcanic eruption with respiratory ash exposure and the lack of respiratory symptoms difference between two cities with different degree of exposure, this factor may not contribute to have a clinical impact in respiratory health.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/etiologia , Erupções Vulcânicas/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
18.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(2): 79-85, 2020 05 10.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558509

RESUMO

Introduction: the use of cocaine and cannabis during pregnancy is a growing problem, of importance for the World Public Health. Women can present a wide range of complications during pregnancy and perinatally, although knowledge about evolution thereafter is scarce. Objectives: to describe and compare health trajectories up to 4 years pospartum of user and not user women of cocaine and/or cannabis during pregnancy. Methods: retrospective cohort study with a comparison group consisting of 2 not users women for each user during pregnancy. User women were detected in Neonatology Division of a public Hospital with an urine pospartum test, between 2009 and 2013. Results: 29 women cocaine and/or cannabis users during pregnancy, and 58 not users were evaluated. In the first group, 93% women were polydrug users. Users had higher frequency of: history of violence in childhood ((p<0,001), previous (p<0,0045) and acquired (p<0,0007) disease, medical (p<0,0001) and odontological (p=0,0002) emergency consultations, hospitalizations (p<0,0001), and violent deaths in relatives, compared with non users. Conclusions: women who used cocaine and/or cocaine during pregnancy had a greater history of violence and illness, emergency medical and dental consultation, hospitalization and deaths, than non users. Injuries where the main cause of hospitalization. In the variables evaluated, the differences between consumers and non-consumers of pregnancy were significative.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/epidemiologia , Abuso de Maconha/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto , Argentina/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(2): 100-105, 2020 04 07.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558512

RESUMO

Introduction: Microcephaly and brain abnormalities may be due to multiple etiologies, one of them is the congenital infection by Zika virus (ZIKV). From 2016 to the present, there has been a series of ZIKV outbreaks in Argentina. Methods: National Network of Congenital Anomalies (RENAC) and the National Institute of Viral Diseases (INEVH), under the National Administration of Laboratories and Health Institutes "Carlos Malbrán" (ANLIS), carry out the intensified surveillance of newborns with microcephaly and brain abnormalities. This article presents the clinical characteristics and laboratory testof patients detected with congenital infection by ZIKV between April 2016 to March 2018, Results: 10 cases with embryopathy were detected, six autochthonous and four imported; in two cases, the mothers were asymptomatic during pregnancy; all the cases presented microcephaly and cranial facial disproportion, ventriculomegaly in seven cases and in six cerebral calcifications. The diagnosis of congenital infection by Zika in the newborn was made by antigen-specific Immunoglobulin M (MAC-ELISA) and plaque-reduction neutralization test (PRNT90 ). PCR was negative in all cases. Conclusion: the patients presented clinical features that were consistent with those reported in other countries. The need for serological studies that allow confirmation is emphasized, ruling out cross-reactivity with other Flaviviruses.


Assuntos
Microcefalia/virologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Argentina/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Microcefalia/diagnóstico , Microcefalia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia
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