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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(17): e25727, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The progress of modern society and changes in lifestyle have not only increased the proportion of sub-healthy people, but also caused many people to suffer from sleep disorders and mental anxiety. Long-term lack of high-quality sleep will not only cause psychological problems such as anxiety and fatigue, but also cause physical abnormalities, such as abnormal hormone secretion, weakened immunity, neuroendocrine disorders, and high blood pressure. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of aromatherapy in improving sleep quality in people with sleep disorders. METHODS: Computer search CNKI, SinoMed, Wanfang, PubMed, Web of science, and EMbase collect randomized controlled trials on aromatherapy to improve sleep quality of people with sleep disorders. The search time limit is to build the database until April 5, 2021. RevMan5.3 software is used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: This systematic review will provide an assessment of the current state of sleep disorders, aiming to assess the efficacy of aromatherapy for patients with sleep disorders. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide a credible evidence-based for the clinical treatment of sleep disorders with aromatherapy.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Higiene do Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(9): e24652, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review investigated the clinical effects of inhalation aromatherapy for the treatment of sleep problems such as insomnia. METHODS: Studies on sleep problems and inhalation aromatherapy, published in Korean and international journals, were included in the meta-analysis. Five domestic and international databases, respectively each, were used for the literature search. Keywords included sleep disorder, sleep problems, insomnia, and aroma inhalation, and the related literature was further searched. After the screening, selected articles were assessed for their quality and conducted the risk of bias using RevMan 5.0, a systematic literature review was then conducted. A meta-analysis comparing the averages was conducted on studies that reported numerical values. Additionally, meta-analysis of variance and meta-regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Meta-analysis of the 34 studies using the random-effects model revealed that the use of aromatherapy was highly effective in improving sleep problems such as insomnia, including quantitative and qualitative sleep effects (95% confidence interval [CI], effect sizes = 0.6491). Subgroup analysis revealed that the secondary outcomes including stress, depression, anxiety, and fatigue were significantly effective. The single aroma inhalation method was more effective than the mixed aroma inhalation method. Among the single inhalation methods, the lavender inhalation effect was the greatest. CONCLUSION: Inhalation aromatherapy is effective in improving sleep problems such as insomnia. Therefore, it is essential to develop specific guidelines for the efficient inhalation of aromatherapy. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not required because individual patient data are not included. The findings of this systematic review were disseminated through peer-reviewed publications or conference presentations. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020142120.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Administração por Inalação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem , Óleos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113326, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877718

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Migraines have become a major threat to human health, as they significantly affect human health and quality of life due to a high prevalence rate, attack rate and pain intensity. Aromatherapy, with its comfortable and pleasant natural characteristics and rapid and efficient characteristics, is widely favored by patients in the folk. Chinese folk also have the application history and related records of aromatic plants in the treatment of migraine. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was conducted to review the pathogenesis of migraine, the application of plant essential oils in the treatment of migraine, and further explore the material basis and mechanism of action of plant essential oils against migraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Search the electronic literature of essential oils with anti-migraine effect in Google Scholar, PubMed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and further search the research situation of the monomer components of essential oils in migraine, inflammation, pain and other aspects. RESULTS: studies show that there are 10 types of plant essential oils that could relieve migraine symptoms, and that 16 monomers may play a role in migraine treatment by effectively inhibiting neurogenic inflammation, hyperalgesia and balancing vasorelaxation. CONCLUSION: Aromatic plant essential oils can relieve migraine effectively, these findings can be used as an important part of the development of anti-migraine drugs.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem , Animais , Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/fisiopatologia , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Qualidade de Vida
4.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 671-677, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1178741

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar as tecnologias não invasivas de alívio da dor no parto e nascimento. Método: Revisão integrativa de literatura, com 13 artigos obtidos nas bases de dados Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, SciVerse Scopus TopCited, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online e a biblioteca virtual Scientific Electronic Library Online entre o período de 2010 a 2016. Resultados: Observou o uso de mais de duas tecnologias não farmacológicas no processo de parto e nascimento, como aromaterapia isolada ou somada a mais uma tecnologia; aplicação isolada de frio e/ou calor; uso da bola suíça/bola de parto. Conclusão: A utilização de novas tecnologias no processo parturitivo resgata a autonomia da mulher frente ao seu corpo


Objective: To analyze the non-invasive technologies of pain relief in labor and birth. Method: Integrative literature review, with 13 articles from the Web of Science database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, SciVerse Scopus TopCited, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, and the library Scientific Electronic Library Online between 2010 and 2016. Results: Observed the use of more than two non-pharmacological technologies in the delivery and birth process, such as aromatherapy alone or added to another technology; isolated application of cold and / or heat; use of the Swiss ball / birth ball. Conclusion: The use of new technologies in the parturition process rescues the autonomy of women in front of their bodies


Objetivo: Analizar tecnologías no invasivas de alivio del dolor en el parto y el nacimiento. Método: Revisión integrativa de literatura, con 13 artículos de las bases de datos de Web of Science, de Contenido etiquetado de la literatura y la literatura en América Latina y el Caribe, en Ciencias de la Salud, SciVse Scopus TopCited, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online y la biblioteca Scientific Electronic Library virtual en línea entre el periodo de 2010 a 2016. Resultados: Observó el uso de más de dos tecnologías no farmacológicas en el parto y el proceso de parto, como la aromaterapia sola o agregada a otra tecnología; aplicación aislada de frío y / o calor; uso de la bola suiza / bola de nacimiento. Conclusión: El uso de nuevas tecnologías en el proceso de parto rescata la autonomía de las mujeres frente a sus cuerpos


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Trabalho de Parto/efeitos dos fármacos , Aromaterapia/métodos , Dor do Parto/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/prevenção & controle , Parto Humanizado
5.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(supl.5): 171-174, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196662

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pain management is one of the methods used in the health sector. Nursing care focuses on non-pharmacological measures, including the provision of aromatherapy using lavender and rose aromatherapy, which aims to understand the effectiveness of lavender and rose aromatherapy on pain intensity of postoperative patients in Laparatomi Hospital in Aisyiyah General Hospital in the surgical inpatient room, Padang in 2019. METHOD: The design of this study is a Quasi Experiment with pre-test and post-test designs with two groups. The sample of this study was Post Laparatomi in RSU with the technique of Accidental Sampling. The sample of this study consisted of 30 people for lavender and rose aromatherapy. Statistical tests used the Independent Test T-test. RESULT: Based on the results of the study it was found that lavender and rose aromatherapy can reduce pain scale in postoperative patients. But compared to the two intervention groups, the aroma group of lavender therapy is more effective with mean pain scale before lavender aromatherapy being 5.20 and pre-test is 3.40 with p-value 0.000. CONCLUSION: The nurses could provide nursing care in dealing with pain management in postoperative patients in addition to deep breathing techniques. It is recommended to apply aroma lavender therapy, which reduces pain and makes patients more relaxed


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Aromaterapia/enfermagem , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/enfermagem , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Aromaterapia/métodos , Rosa , Lavandula , Dor Pós-Operatória , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/enfermagem
6.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 39: 101155, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the effect of lemon (Limon Citrus) inhalation aromatherapy on Blood Pressure (BP), electrocardiogram changes, and anxiety in patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI). METHODS: In this clinical trial, 100 AMI patients were assigned to intervention (received lemon inhalation aromatherapy) and control (received paraffin) groups. Aromatherapy was conducted for three consecutive days. BP, electrocardiogram changes, and anxiety were assessed. RESULTS: A significant difference was observed between the two groups concerning systolic BP and percentage of ST-segment and T wave changes on the 3rd and 4th days after the intervention. A significant difference was also found between the two groups concerning heart rate and anxiety on the 4th day after the intervention. CONCLUSION: As lemon inhalation aromatherapy in AMI reduced systolic BP, anxiety, and percentage of ST-segment and T wave changes and regulated heart rate, using this kind of aromatherapy is suggested in coronary care units. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY: The study was registered in the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT registration number: 33151, 2018/09/22).


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Citrus , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Administração por Inalação , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego
7.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 39: 101150, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate systematically the effectiveness of Lavender aromatherapy on physical and psychological symptoms in menopausal women. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic literature search in the electronic databases including the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (PubMed), Ovid, Embase, Scopus, ProQuest, Web of science, and Google scholar, as well as Magiran, SID, and Irandoc for Persian literature review up to January 2020. All Randomized controlled trials, and quasi-experimental studies that evaluated the impact of aromatherapy with lavender alone or in combination with other aromas on physical and psychological symptoms in menopausal women were included in this systematic review. RESULTS: Sixteen interventional studies consisted of 1092 postmenopausal women included in systematic review. Eight of eligible studies with 493 participants included in meta-analysis. There were significant between group differences in menopausal symptoms (standardized mean difference (SMD) = -1.39, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.98 to -0.80, I2 = 76%; four trials, 236 participants); sleep quality score (SMD = -2.16, 95%CI: -3.77 to -0.54, I2 = 95%; three studies, 199 participants); systolic blood pressure (MD = -5.34 mmHg, 95% CI: -7.40 to -3.29, I2 = 10%; two study, 114 participants); diastolic blood (MD = -5.06 mmHg, 95% CI: -7.55 to -2.57, I2 = 0%; two study, 114 participants). Aromatherapy had positive effect on sexual function, self-esteem, anxiety, hot flash, but it had negative impact on triglyceride and high density lipoprotein compared to placebo (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Aromatherapy with Lavender in postmenopausal women may cause an improvement in most of physical and psychological symptoms. Further high quality studies especially with focus on the adverse events are suggested globally.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Lavandula , Menopausa/fisiologia , Menopausa/psicologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Pressão Sanguínea , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Feminino , Fogachos/terapia , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Autoimagem , Sono , Triglicerídeos
8.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 39: 101153, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effect of bergamot orange essence on anxiety, salivary cortisol, and alpha amylase in patients prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This clinical trial with pre-post design was conducted on 60 candidates for cholecystectomy. The participants were randomly divided into an intervention and a control group. The intervention group participants underwent aromatherapy using two drops of 3% bergamot orange essence, while the control group ones inhaled two drops of odourless grape seed oil. Anxiety mean score and salivary cortisol and alpha amylase levels were measured before and after the intervention. RESULTS: A significant difference was found between the groups regarding anxiety (F = 9.00, p = 0.004) and alpha amylase level (F = 9.46, p = 0.003) after the intervention. CONCLUSION: Bergamot orange essence decreased anxiety and salivary alpha amylase level. Therefore, this method can be used as a complementary technique to reduce patients' anxiety prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery. IRCT REGISTRATION NUMBER: IRCT20171113037428N2. It is available in following website: https://www.irct.ir/trial/27696 REGISTRATION DATE: 03/25/2018.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Citrus , Adulto , Ansiedade/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , alfa-Amilases/sangue
9.
Bull Cancer ; 107(7-8): 800-812, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418660

RESUMO

Antineoplastic drug induced nausea and vomiting are common adverse events in cancer care of paediatric patients ; therefore, prevention and management of these adverse events is a major concern for healthcare professionals. There are common features between paediatric and adult patients in terms of the emetogenic level depending on antineoplastic agents or about available medicines. However, there are also specificities for paediatric population including individual risk factors of emesis or nausea assessment for example. Knowledge relative to available medicines is also limited in the paediatric population, especially for recent medicines. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview about antiemetics in paediatric oncology to clinicians and other healthcare professionals involved in paediatric cancer care. First of all, we describe physiopathological paediatric specificity, risk factors and clinical assessment of antineoplastic drug induced nausea and vomiting. Secondly, we focus on available medicines and also address the issue of complementary and alternative medicines.


Assuntos
Antieméticos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Náusea/terapia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Vômito/terapia , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Aromaterapia/métodos , Criança , Humanos , Náusea/induzido quimicamente , Náusea/classificação , Náusea/prevenção & controle , Fitoterapia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Vômito/induzido quimicamente , Vômito/classificação , Vômito/prevenção & controle
10.
Phytother Res ; 34(10): 2675-2684, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267031

RESUMO

To determine the effect of aromatherapy with rose and lavender on the patient outcomes after open-heart surgery (OHS). In the clinical trial, patients were randomized to four groups. One group received routine care, the placebo group received a cotton swab soaked in water and the other two groups received either a cotton swab containing three drops of rose or lavender essence (0.2 ml). A total of 160 patients were randomized into four groups. Intergroup anxiety was not significantly different; however, the reciprocal time-group effect was significant among the four groups. The extubation time was significant among the four groups which related to rose essence group compared with the control group (p < .001) and placebo group (p = .029). The surgical site pain was significant in the rose essence and lavender groups compared to the control group. Aromatherapy can reduce extubation time, surgical site pain severity, and anxiety in patients undergoing OHS.


Assuntos
Extubação/métodos , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Aromaterapia/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Lavandula/química , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Rosa/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
11.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(supl.3): 62-65, mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of lavender aromatherapy's massage on reducing sleep disturbances in infants. METHOD: a pre-experimental one group pre-posttest design involving thirteen infants aged 6-12 months who were selected purposively with criteria having sleep disturbances. Massage is given for 30min in three consecutive days by using two drops of oil lavender aromatherapy mixed in 50ml of oil-based. Data collection used a valid and reliable questionnaire, which is Sleep Disturbances Scale in Children (SDSC), one day before and after the intervention. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon Test. RESULTS: Massage using lavender aromatherapy is effective in reducing sleep disturbances in infants especially in the dimension of starting and maintaining sleep, somnolence disorders, and interruption of wakefulness sleep transition dimension (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Massage with Lavender aromatherapy is recommended as an alternative intervention to reduced sleep disturbances on infants aged 6-12 months


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Massagem/métodos , Aromaterapia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Aromaterapia/enfermagem , Lavandula , Inquéritos e Questionários , Psicometria , Fases do Sono/fisiologia , Estado Nutricional
12.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 34(2): 83-90, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049695

RESUMO

Changes in the aging process affect the duration and quality of sleep. Not having a quality night's sleep leads to a reduction in daytime wakefulness in older adults. We examined the effect of aromatherapy on the cognitive functions and daytime sleepiness of older adults living in a nursing home. The research was a pretest and posttest design, which was conducted without a control group. The sample included 39 elders. A rosemary-lemon oil mixture was smelled by elders in the mornings for a week. After a 1-week washout period, lavender oils were smelled in the evenings for a week. After application of the rosemary-lemon oil mixture, the mean score of participants' daytime sleepiness was lower, but that decline was not statistically meaningful (P > .050). After the same application, the mean score of the participants' cognitive functions was significantly lower (P < .001). After application of lavender oil, the scores were significantly lower (P < .001). Lower scores on the scales used indicate lower sleepiness. The results showed that the 2 applications can be used to improve cognitive functions in older adults; in addition, lavender oil has an advantage in reducing daytime sleepiness.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/normas , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Sonolência , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aromaterapia/métodos , Aromaterapia/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Casas de Saúde/organização & administração , Casas de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Óleos Voláteis/normas , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Óleos Vegetais/normas , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos
13.
J Therm Biol ; 87: 102478, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent review article on an aromatherapeutic inhaler demonstrated clinical effects on a number of bodily systems, like the cardiovascular system, the respiratory system, the nervous system and the endocrine system. OBJECTIVE: This paper extends these findings and investigates whether specially designed essential oils inhalers are capable to counter experimentally induced stressful heat sensations. METHOD: Two prospective, randomized, controlled experiments using the Hot Immersion Test Paradigm (HIT) were conducted to investigate whether deep odor inhalations increase heat tolerance. RESULTS: In both experiments, the inhaler strongly prolonged pain tolerance and increased blood oxygenation (1 < d < 1.3). In the second experiment, the inhaler also increased heart rate variability (d = 1.3) as a mechanism to cope with heat stress. CONCLUSION: The ability to resist a stressful thermal stimulus can be exogenously improved by short and deep inhalations of essential scents directly delivered to the olfactory system.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/prevenção & controle , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Termotolerância/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração por Inalação , Adulto , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/terapia , Humanos , Imersão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem , Oxigênio/sangue
14.
Complement Ther Med ; 48: 102256, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to synthesize evidence regarding the efficacy of inhalation aromatherapy in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: We conducted an electronic search of four authentic databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which compared inhalation aromatherapy versus control in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, were included. Data were extracted from eligible studies and pooled in a meta-analysis model. We sought to evaluate anxiety, pain, stress, and vital signs including heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. RESULTS: Nine RCTs were included in this study with a total of 656 patients. Our analysis showed inhalation aromatherapy was significantly effective in reducing anxiety (MD= -3.11, 95 % CI [-5.26, -0.96], p = 0.005), and pain (MD= -0.83, 95 % CI [-1.59, -0.07], p = 0.03) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Additionally, inhalation aromatherapy significantly reduced heart rate compared to control group (MD= -5.49, 95 % CI [-9.07, -1.81], p = 0.003). However, no significant differences were found between both groups in mental stress, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. CONCLUSION: Inhalation aromatherapy administration especially with lavender can significantly reduce anxiety, pain, and heart rate in patients performed cardiac surgery. However, it is not associated with significant differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Further studies are needed to confirm our results.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Frequência Cardíaca , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 250: 112469, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843574

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Essential oils (EOs) are extracts of organic, volatile metabolites of plants that are typically oily liquids at ambient temperatures. Inhalation of EOs can regulate brain health and functions associated with mood and neurodegeneration, reflecting their bioavailability to brain. The aim was to identify physicochemical properties that influenced EO volatility and pathways of brain uptake by inhalation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dose-dependency of effects, determined as: total EO intake (µg/g bodyweight-BW), and rate of EO intake (µg/hr/g-BW), was determined by meta-analysis of data from animal studies (10 studies, 12 EOs), measuring effects on anxiety, depression and selected biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation (OSI). RESULTS: Results demonstrated benefits on animal behavior at EO intakes of 1-100 µg/g BW and 1-10 µg/hr/g BW (Elevated Plus Maze and Forced Swimming tests) and <100 µg/g BW and 10-100 g/hr/g BW (Marble Burying). EOs regulated OSI biomarkers at intakes of 10-100 µg/g BW and 1-10 µg/h/g BW, and a dose-dependent elevation of dopamine at >1000 µg/g BW and 100-1000 µg/hr/g BW. CONCLUSION: The results support that EO 'aromatherapy' can promote dose-dependent regulation of anxiety, depression and OSI and that efficacy requires optimization of dose.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração por Inalação , Animais , Aromaterapia/métodos , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem , Ratos
17.
Burns ; 46(1): 164-171, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859096

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Regarding the importance of anxiety management and improvement of the quality of sleep in patients with burn injuries, this study aimed to determine the effect of aromatherapy massage (using aromatic oils of lavender and chamomile) on the anxiety and sleep quality of the patients with burn injuries. METHOD: In a quasi-experimental study, 105 patients with burns were recruited by convenience sampling method and then assigned into three groups (control, placebo massage, and combined aromatic oil massage). The study intervention was performed 20min before bedtime in three sessions, within a week. The control group was only under daily routine care. The study data were collected using the Persian version of Spielberg's anxiety scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory. Descriptive and inferential statistical tests were used to analyze the data in SPSS version 20. RESULTS: The results showed a significant difference among the three groups in terms of anxiety score (P<0.001) and in terms of sleep quality after the intervention (P=0.027). CONCLUSION: Since the aromatherapy massage as a non-pharmacological and simple method can improve the anxiety and quality of sleep in patients with burns, it is suggested that nurses and burn medical care team apply it to reduce burn patients' anxiety and promote their sleep quality. Applying massage alone also reduces anxiety in burn survivors.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Queimaduras/terapia , Camomila , Massagem/métodos , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Sono , Adulto , Queimaduras/fisiopatologia , Queimaduras/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Latência do Sono
18.
Psychogeriatrics ; 20(2): 163-171, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aromatherapy is a non-pharmacological therapy for the improvement of dementia symptoms. This study aimed to assess the effects of aroma oil as a bath salt on cognitive function, olfactory function and sleep quality. METHODS: This was a randomised controlled trial. Overall, 49 patients were able to provide consent, and 35 were finally analysed (Alzheimer's disease: 10, mild cognitive impairment: 25). The patients were randomly assigned to use 0.1%, 0.5% or 1% aroma bath salt. During daily bathing, bath salt was added to the bath water, and the subjects remained in the bathroom for ≥10 min. The intervention period was 24 weeks, and the observation periods were 4 weeks before and after using the aroma bath salt. We performed the Touch Panel-type Dementia Assessment Scale (TDAS), the Odour Stick Identification Test for Japanese (OSIT-J) and the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J) five times during the before and after observation periods and after the 12-week intervention. RESULTS: There were no significant changes in the TDAS, OSIT-J and PSQI-J scores before and after the intervention in all groups. Moreover, there were no significant differences in the TDAS, OSIT-J and PSQI-J scores between the groups before and after the intervention. In the correlation analysis of changes in the TDAS and other tests during the intervention period, significant associations between TDAS and sleep latency and sleep disturbances, which are sub-items of PSQI-J, were observed in the use of 0.1% aroma bath salt group. CONCLUSIONS: The use of aroma bath salt was not associated with improvement in cognitive function, olfactory function or sleep quality. However, sleep-related aspects were associated with changes in cognitive function before and after use of aroma bath salt, which suggested that there is a link between improvements in sleep and that in cognitive function.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Banhos/métodos , Cognição/fisiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Odorantes , Percepção Olfatória/fisiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 38: 101066, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662239

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Poor sleep quality is prevalent in candidates for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). The present study was conducted to compare aromatherapy with acupressure in terms of their effectiveness in sleep quality in patients undergoing PCIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on 85 patients undergoing PCIs and randomly assigned, using block randomization, to five groups, namely (1)aromatherapy, (2)placebo aromatherapy, (3)acupressure, (4)placebo acupressure (acupressure applied to a point not traditionally associated with improving sleep) and (5)control. The intervention groups received aromatherapy or acupressure or placebo from 10pm to 8am the following day. The control group received only routine care. Sleep quality was measured in the patients using a visual analog scale (VAS) that was completed by them before and after the intervention. RESULTS: The mean pretest score of sleep quality was 2.91 ±â€¯0.53 in the aromatherapy group, 2.84 ±â€¯0.47 in the placebo aromatherapy group, 2.98 ±â€¯0.59 in the acupressure group, 2.75 ±â€¯0.41 in the placebo acupressure group and 2.88 ±â€¯0.41 in the controls. ANOVA suggested no significant differences among these groups in the pretest (P = 0.746). The mean posttest score of sleep quality was 3.72 ±â€¯1.84 in the aromatherapy group, 3.70 ±â€¯1.83 in the placebo aromatherapy group, 7.35 ±â€¯0.99 in the acupressure group, 2.67 ±â€¯0.41in the placebo acupressure group and 2.72 ±â€¯0.34 in the controls, suggesting significant differences among the five groups based on the ANOVA results showed significant differences among the five groups (P < 0.001). The mean posttest score of sleep quality was higher than the pretest score by 4.37 in the acupressure group compared to in the other groups (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The present findings provided scientific evidence for the benefits of using different methods, including acupressure, for sleep quality in patients undergoing PCIs. IRANIAN REGISTRY OF CLINICAL TRIALS NUMBER: IRCT201707248665N6.


Assuntos
Acupressão/métodos , Aromaterapia/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Idoso , Citrus/química , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sono
20.
Complement Ther Med ; 47: 102169, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779991

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of aromatherapy on cancer complications. METHODS: In this systematic review, international (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE and CENTRAL) and national databases (SID and Magiran) were searched from inception of the databases to April 31, 2019. JBI and Jadad scales were used to assess the quality of the studies included. RESULTS: of 43 Studies conducted on 3239 cancer patients in 13 countries from 1995 to 2019, entered the final stage. The results showed that the aromatherapy improves the various physical and psychological complications, although few studies have shown that aromatherapy had no effect on skin reactions. CONCLUSION: Considering the various complications and costs in cancer patients, it seems that the aromatherapy can be used as a proper supplemental treatment to improve complications, although further studies are needed to determine the protocol and the standard dosage.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Neoplasias/complicações , Manejo da Dor , Angústia Psicológica , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos
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