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1.
Complement Ther Med ; 47: 102169, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779991

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of aromatherapy on cancer complications. METHODS: In this systematic review, international (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE and CENTRAL) and national databases (SID and Magiran) were searched from inception of the databases to April 31, 2019. JBI and Jadad scales were used to assess the quality of the studies included. RESULTS: of 43 Studies conducted on 3239 cancer patients in 13 countries from 1995 to 2019, entered the final stage. The results showed that the aromatherapy improves the various physical and psychological complications, although few studies have shown that aromatherapy had no effect on skin reactions. CONCLUSION: Considering the various complications and costs in cancer patients, it seems that the aromatherapy can be used as a proper supplemental treatment to improve complications, although further studies are needed to determine the protocol and the standard dosage.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Neoplasias/complicações , Manejo da Dor , Angústia Psicológica , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671873

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nursing students often experience anxiety and stress when taking exams that test their fundamental nursing skills. Complementary alternative methods, such as aromatherapy and music therapy, have effectively alleviated such negative emotions among nursing students. However, few studies have examined the effects of combined therapy interventions or compared the effects of different interventions. This study identified the individual and combined effects of aromatherapy and music therapy on test anxiety, state anxiety, stress, and fundamental nursing skills among nursing students in Korea. METHODS: A double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial design was used. The study was conducted at the nursing college at Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Ninety-eight sophomore female nursing students participated in the study. Subjects were randomly categorized under three groups: aromatherapy (n = 32), music therapy (n = 32), and aromatherapy combined with music therapy (n = 34). Aromatherapy was carried out through the inhalation method using an aroma lamp and three drops of Origanum majorana and Citrus sinensis. Music therapy was carried out using Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata. Twenty-minute interventions were performed in separate rooms before an exam was administered. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires, including demographics, test anxiety, state anxiety, and stress. Participants' Foley catheterization skill was likewise evaluated. RESULTS: Aromatherapy combined with music therapy had a significant effect on test anxiety (F = 4.29, p = 0.016), state anxiety (F = 4.77, p = 0.011), stress (F = 4.62, p = 0.012), and performance of fundamental nursing skills (F = 8.04, p = 0.001) compared with aromatherapy and music therapy as separate interventions. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that nursing education that includes aromatherapy combined with music therapy may be effective for improving the performance of fundamental nursing skills and reducing anxiety and stress among nursing students.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Musicoterapia/métodos , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seul , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) ; 13(5): 295-305, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743795

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although lavender is purported to possess anxiolytic and sedative properties and is often recommended for relieving anxiety, the efficacy of lavender has not been well established. Thus, this review aimed to evaluate the anxiolytic effects of lavender aromatherapy. METHODS: Ten data bases were searched for studies published between 2000 and 2018. Randomized controlled trials investigating the anxiolytic effects of lavender aromatherapy with any type of application for persons with or without clinical anxiety were included. The outcome variables included self-rated anxiety, vital signs, and salivary cortisol and chromogranin A (CgA) levels. In the meta-analysis, standardized mean difference and 95% confidence interval were calculated as effect measures by applying the random effect model and inverse variance method. RESULTS: Twenty-two trials met our inclusion criteria. Lavender aromatherapy was found to have favorable effects in relieving anxiety (Hedges' g = -0.65; 95% CI, -0.84 to -0.46) and decreasing systolic blood pressure (g = -0.22; 95% CI, -0.43 to -0.02), heart rate (g = -0.53; 95% CI, -0.74 to -0.32), and salivary cortisol (g = -1.29; 95% CI, -2.23 to -0.35) and CgA (g = -2.29; 95% CI, -3.24 to -1.34) levels. However, the meta-analysis did not reveal any significant effects of lavender on diastolic blood pressure (effect size: -0.17; 95% CI, -0.37-0.04). CONCLUSION: Aromatherapy using lavender oil might have favorable effects on anxiety and its physiological manifestations. Future studies are recommended with an emphasis on methodological quality. In nursing practice, it is suggested that lavender aromatherapy be included in programs intended to manage anxiety in patients across diverse healthcare settings.


Assuntos
Ansiolíticos/uso terapêutico , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Lavandula , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Complement Ther Med ; 47: 102208, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Physiologically, blood melatonin levels decrease as a person ages and the older adult commonly presents with insomnia and other types of sleep disorders. Alternative therapies can be used to attenuate sleep disturbances. The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of aromatherapy with lavender on serum melatonin levels in the noninstitutionalized older adult (OA). DESIGN AND SETTING: A pre-experimental, quantitative study with a pre-test - post-test design was conducted on 67 OAs that included both sexes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serum melatonin levels were measured before and after eight sessions of aromatherapy with lavender that lasted 4 weeks. The results were expressed as mean ±â€¯standard deviation of melatonin levels (pg/ml). The differences were compared using the Student's t-test and statistical significance was set at a p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: Blood melatonin levels significantly increased in the total population after the intervention with aromatherapy (pg/ml): 102.3 ±â€¯33.4 VS 132.5 ±â€¯42.3, p = 0.000004. There were significant differences in the pre-test and post-test phases in the women and men measured as separate groups (p = 0.00005 and p = 0.026), respectively. However, those differences were not observed when the measurements were compared between the two sexes, before (p = 0.64) or after (p = 0.31) the intervention. CONCLUSION: Aromatherapy with lavender essential oil similarly favors an increase in blood melatonin levels in both older adult men and women.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Lavandula , Melatonina/sangue , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 33(5): 285-294, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415008

RESUMO

This randomized, blinded clinical trial evaluated the effects of aromatherapy on medical office-induced anxiety in children with an autism spectrum disorder. Patients awaiting office visits were randomized into an aromatherapy group and a control group. After adjusting for baseline scores, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Aromaterapia/normas , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Administração de Consultório , Ansiedade/psicologia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Aromaterapia/psicologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
6.
Complement Ther Med ; 45: 156-166, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331554

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the effects of aromatherapy on sleep improvements. METHODS: A search of randomized controlled trials was conducted in four English and two Chinese medical electronic databases. Two authors independently performed the search, assessed the methodological quality, and extracted data. Then, final studies were selected after consensus with the third author. RESULTS: In total, 31 trials met the inclusion criteria, of which four had low risk, while the overall bias in 26 was uncertain in terms of methodological quality. The heterogeneity was high among the trials (Q = 341.544, p < 0.001, I2 = 91.216%). There was a significant effect of aromatherapy on sleep quality (Hedges's g = 1.103 (95% confidence interval: 0.813˜1.393, p < 0.001). There was a publication bias (Egger's regression intercept = 7.127, t = 3.055, p = 0.004 and Begg test, Kendall's tau with continuity correction, tau = 0.335 and Z = 2.651, p = 0.008). The subgroup analysis showed that there was a significant difference in the methodological quality among different studies (Q = 18.350, p <  0.001). Sensitivity analyses still revealed high heterogeneity after omitting one study at a time. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that aromatherapy can be applied by clinical staff to effectively improve sleep quality. However, because there was a high degree of heterogeneity among studies, the inferences of the results need to be applied with caution.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Sono/efeitos dos fármacos , Sono/fisiologia , Animais , Aromaterapia/métodos , Humanos , Terapias Mente-Corpo/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
J Altern Complement Med ; 25(8): 833-839, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211612

RESUMO

Objective: This study evaluated the antianxiety effect of Citrus aurantium aroma (neroli oil) inhalation on patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Design: A double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. Setting/Location: This study was conducted in the Coronary Care Unit of Torfeh Hospital in Tehran, Iran, from September 2017 to February 2018. Subjects: A total of 140 hospitalized ACS patients (mean age = 56.72 ± 11.38 years) Interventions: Eligible patients were randomly assigned to citrus aroma and placebo groups to receive inhalation aromatherapy 2 days after hospitalization. Citrus aroma was 30% essential oil of Citrus aurantium L. flowers in paraffin, which was administrated three times a day. The placebo group received paraffin similarly. Outcome measures: The rate of anxiety was measured at baseline and after intervention using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Results: At baseline, citrus aroma and placebo groups were similar in demographic characteristics as well as anxiety scores. After intervention, mean anxiety scores in the two groups become significantly different; the scores were 34.66 ± 9.6 and 42.36 ± 6.4 for citrus aroma and placebo groups, respectively (p < 0.0001). No side effect was observed. Conclusions: According to the current findings, aromatherapy with Citrus aurantium L. aroma (neroli oil) may be a safe and efficient intervention and can be considered an easy and applicable method to reduce anxiety in patients with ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Ansiedade , Aromaterapia/métodos , Citrus , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 31(10): 558-561, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169787

RESUMO

This brief report explores the adjunctive use of therapeutic essential oils in clinical practice to reduce overall patient anxiety and stress. The use of therapeutic essential oils is becoming increasingly popular among the general population. Studies have validated that these oils have the potential to affect patient health and wellness positively, if used properly in the clinical setting. This report discusses how to incorporate essential aromatic oils safely and efficiently in clinical practice and advocates for more research on the efficacy of aromatic oils to reduce patient anxiety in human populations.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Aromaterapia/normas , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Aromaterapia/métodos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia
9.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 33(4): 222-229, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192834

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the application of lavender oil on fatigue and anxiety levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment. This randomized controlled study was conducted with 60 patients (30 patients in intervention group, 30 patients in control group) in a province located in southeastern Turkey. After the patients in both groups were informed about the study, a questionnaire, the Fatigue Severity Scale, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory were applied to the patients. In the intervention group, a statistically significant difference was found between pretest and posttest scores of the Fatigue Severity Scale (t = 7.177, P = .001) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (t = 10.371, P = .001). Mean scores of fatigue and anxiety decreased significantly following aromatherapy and also fatigue and anxiety levels declined. Lavender aromatherapy can be applied as an effective nursing intervention to reduce fatigue and anxiety of patients with chronic renal failure and undergoing hemodialysis treatment.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Aromaterapia/normas , Fadiga/terapia , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/psicologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Óleos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Diálise Renal/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia
12.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 33(3): 146-154, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973434

RESUMO

The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of inhaler aromatherapy on invasive pain, procedure adherence, vital signs, and saturation during port catheter insertion among patients diagnosed with cancer. The study was conducted in a nonrandomized controlled trial. Sixty patients including 30 patients in the intervention group and 30 patients in the control group, who were subjected with the same local anesthetic protocol, were included in the study. Aromatic mixture prepared by diluting orange, chamomile, and lavender oil in 70 mL distilled water was inhaled by the intervention group during the procedure. The data of the study were collected by using questionnaire, vital follow-up form, and visual analog scale. The patients in the intervention and control groups were similar in terms of sociodemographic and disease characteristics (P > .05). It was determined that inhaler aromatherapy applied to patients in the intervention group decreased pain experienced during the procedure and facilitated the procedure adherence (P < .05); however, it did not affect vital signs and saturation (P > .05). It can be recommended to administer inhaler aromatherapy with pharmacological therapies during catheterization procedure since it decreases invasive pain and facilitates the procedure adherence.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/normas , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Aromaterapia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores , Neoplasias/psicologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Medição da Dor/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Escala Visual Analógica , Sinais Vitais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 35: 253-258, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003666

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sleep disorder is a common problem in cardiac patients. This study aimed to investigate the effect of massage and aromatherapy massage on sleep quality of cardiac patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: in this study, 150 subjects were randomly allocated into 1)massage, 2)aromatherapy massage and 3)control. In the massage group, the subjects received hands and feet massage using sweet almond oil. In the second group, the massage was performed on the same areas using a mixture of lavender and sweet almond oil. Data collection tool included Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Before and after the intervention, the PSQI was completed by the subjects. RESULTS: There was a significant difference between the mean scores of PSQI before and after the intervention in the intervention and control groups, but this difference was not statistically significant between the two intervention groups. CONCLUSION: Massage and aromatherapy massage can improve the sleep quality in cardiac patients.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Massagem/métodos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem , Óleos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Sono/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 35: 290-295, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003672

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: and purpose: Aromatherapy is a known popular method to reduce the symptoms of various physiologic processes and diseases. The aim of the study was to determine whether aromatherapy improves symptoms commonly experienced by women during the postpartum period. METHODS: In the present systematic review, four international databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus) were searched from inception of databases through August 2018. References for each study were manually reviewed to ensure that relevant works were included. RESULTS: Thirty-four (34) articles were identified with 17 studies meeting eligibility criteria and included a total of 1400 women using a variety of aromatherapies. Results demonstrated that aromatherapy can improve symptoms commonly experienced in post-partum period, including depression, stress, pain, anxiety, and fatigue. CONCLUSION: There are therapeutic effects in use of aromatherapy during the post-partum period. Aromatherapy, however, should be used with caution as safety concerns have not been conclusively demonstrated.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Depressão/terapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Cuidado Pós-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Fadiga/terapia , Feminino , Humanos
15.
Burns ; 45(5): 1205-1214, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are often accompanied by painful and distressing consequences, which can lead to long-term psychological issues. The most common form of anxiety in burn patients is pain anxiety. It is described as the feeling of fear and pain prediction caused by painful procedures. AIM: To compare the effects of inhalation aromatherapy using damask rose aroma and the Benson relaxation technique on pain anxiety in burn patients. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 132 patients hospitalized in Motahari Burn Hospital from October 2017 to March 2018. The subjects were selected using a sequential sampling method. Next, they were randomly allocated by the Permuted block randomization method into four groups of rose aroma (5 drops of 40% rose aroma), the Benson relaxation technique, combined rose aroma-Benson relaxation and control. The interventions were performed for three consecutive days and once a day for 20 min, and each session lasted from 45 to 30 min before the daily dressing change. Data was collected using the Persian version of burn specific pain anxiety scale (BSPAS). Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics via the SPSS software version 16. RESULTS: Immediately after the intervention, on the first, second and third days, significant differences in pain anxiety among four groups were reported. On the first day, the Scheffé ad hoc test indicated statistically significant differences in pain anxiety between all groups (p < 0.001), except rose aroma-plus-Benson relaxation and rose aroma groups (p = 0.15). On the second and third days, there were significant differences between the groups in pain anxiety (p < 0.001). Furthermore, after wound dressing, on the first, second and third days, statistically significant differences in pain anxiety among four groups were reported. On the first day, the Scheffé ad hoc test revealed statistically significant differences in pain anxiety between all groups (p < 0.001). On the second and third days, there were statistically significant differences in pain anxiety between the groups (p < 0.001), except the rose aroma and Benson relaxation groups. Immediately after the intervention, the maximum effect size was on the first day in the group of rose aroma-plus-Benson relaxation and the lowest effect size was on the first day in the Benson relaxation group. However, after wound dressing, the maximum effect size was on the third day in the rose aroma-pus-Benson relaxation group and the lowest effect size was on the first day in the Benson relaxation group. CONCLUSION: The combination of the rose aroma and Benson relaxation has a synergistic effect and has more effects in the reduction of pain anxiety in burn patients than a single intervention. Health care providers can provide these interventions simultaneously and help reduce pain anxiety in burn patients before conducting painful interventions.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Queimaduras/terapia , Dor Processual/psicologia , Terapia de Relaxamento/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Bandagens , Queimaduras/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óleos Voláteis , Rosa , Adulto Jovem
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(9): e14720, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anxiety in patients receiving palliative care is a noteworthy concern because it may affect their quality of life. Aromatherapy has been widely utilized to improve anxiety among patients receiving palliative care. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of anxiety improvement in patients receiving palliative care by comparing the intervention group (aromatherapy massage) with the control group (common massage alone). METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, MEDLINE, and CINAHL for all related studies from inception through November 30, 2018 without restriction on language. A quantitative synthesis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to compare the difference in effectiveness scores between the aromatherapy massage and only common massage groups by employing a random-effect model. RESULTS: We included three RCTs with a total of 160 participants (81 in the intervention group and 79 in the control group) in our systematic review and conducted a quantitative synthesis. The secondary data from the reviewed trials were then pooled using a random-effect model. Anxiety (mean difference = -2.60 [95% confidence interval: -7.82, 2.63], P = .33) was assessed using anxiety scores from the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. CONCLUSION: Compared with common massage alone, aromatherapy massage does not provide significant effectiveness of anxiety improvement among patients receiving palliative care.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Massagem/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 45: e64-e72, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711327

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of the Buzzy, Jet lidokaine, bubble-blowing and inhalation aromatherapy with lavender essence on pain, stress and fear in children undergoing phlebotomy. DESIGNS AND METHODS: This study was a prospective, randomized controlled trial. The sample was comprised of children aged 5 to 10 years requiring blood tests. Children were assigned to five subgroups through randomization performed using a computer program: the Buzzy group (n = 39), Jet lidokaine group (n = 39), bubble-blowing group (n = 39), inhalation aromatherapy with lavender essence group (n = 39) and control group (n = 39). The children's levels of pain were evaluated and reported by the parents, observers and the children, who self-reported using the Oucher Pain Scale. The children's fear levels were assessed using the Children's Fear Scale, and salivary cortisol analysis was conducted to evaluate stress levels. RESULTS: A significant difference was found between the intervention and control groups in terms of levels of pain during and after phlebotomy in favor of the Buzzy group (p < 0.05). There was a significant difference between the fear scores of the children in the intervention and control groups before phlebotomy (p < 0.05). This difference was found to be caused by the bubble-blowing method. There was a significant difference between intervention and control groups fear levels in favor of the Buzzy group during phlebotomy (p < 0.05). PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: It is recommended that the Buzzy and bubble-blowing be used during phlebotomy in children to reduce the severity of their pain.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor/prevenção & controle , Flebotomia/efeitos adversos , Óleos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Administração por Inalação , Criança , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Flebotomia/enfermagem , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 34: 46-50, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various studies indicate the negative effects of menopausal symptoms and complications on the quality of life (QOL) of women. The tendency to use different methods of complementary medicine to control menopausal symptoms is increasing. In addition, lavender essential oil has been shown to have positive effects on some symptoms associated with menopause. Thus, the present study was conducted with the aim to determine the effect of lavender aromatherapy on the QOL of postmenopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, controlled, clinical trial was conducted on 62 postmenopausal women referred to health centers of Isfahan, Iran. The subjects were divided into two groups of control and intervention. The intervention group inhaled 2% lavender essential oil every night before bedtime for 20 minutes during one month. The control group received the placebo (distilled water) in the same manner as the intervention group. The data collection tools were the Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MENQOL)and a demographic characteristics questionnaire. The results were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests in SPSS software. RESULTS: The independent t-test showed a significant difference in the mean total score of QOL and its various dimensions (vasomotor, psychosocial, physical, and sexual dimensions) after the intervention between the aromatherapy and placebo groups (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Inhalation aromatherapy using lavender essential oil can improve the QOL of postmenopausal women with a reduction in the severity of complications and physical-psychological symptoms.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia/métodos , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Pós-Menopausa , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Método Simples-Cego , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 33(2): 95-100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30747778

RESUMO

Nursing programs are stressful learning environments, and students are expected to maintain high academic performance to successfully graduate. Cognitive test anxiety has been minimally studied among nursing students, including how to successfully manage. The Cognitive Test Anxiety Scale (CTAS) was administered to 31 students before and after a high-stakes nursing examination. The intervention was inhaled lemon essential oil delivered via a personal nasal device. Neither the control nor the experimental group demonstrated a statistically significant change in the CTAS score from pretest to posttest (P = .19). More quantitative studies are warranted with undergraduate nursing students, the CTAS, and aromatherapy to reduce the burden of cognitive test anxiety.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Aromaterapia/normas , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , New England , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Escala de Ansiedade Frente a Teste , Habilidades para Realização de Testes/psicologia , Habilidades para Realização de Testes/normas , Adulto Jovem
20.
Phytother Res ; 33(4): 901-909, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30714232

RESUMO

Citrus fragrances have been used in aromatherapy for the treatment of anxiety, and the essential oil of Citrus sinensis (sweet orange) has shown promising results, although its mechanism of action was not known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) neurotransmission in the anxiolytic-like effect of C. sinensis essential oil. Swiss male mice were submitted to 15 min of C. sinensis essential oil inhalation (1%, 2.5%, 5%, and 10%) and tested in the marble-burying test, neophobia-induced hypophagia, and light/dark test. Locomotor activity was evaluated in an automated locomotor activity box. The coadministration of C. sinensis essential oil with L-arginine (200 mg/kg, i.p.), an NO precursor, was used for the behavioral evaluation of nitrergic system mediation. Additionally, the NO synthase activity was measured by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPH-d) analysis in the cerebral cortex. C. sinensis essential oil exerted anxiolytic-like effect at dose that did not change locomotor activity. Moreover, L-arginine pretreatment prevented this anxiolytic-like effect on marble-burying test. Finally, C. sinensis essential oil reduced the NADPH-d positive cells. Thus, the nitrergic neurotransmission plays a relevant role in the anxiolytic-like effect C. sinensis essential oil.


Assuntos
Ansiolíticos/farmacologia , Aromaterapia/métodos , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Transmissão Sináptica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Camundongos , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos
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