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1.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 61(5): 617-625, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This clinical trial aims to evaluate the outcome (up to 24-months) of the treatment of in-stent restenotic or reoccluded lesions in the femoropopliteal arteries, by comparing the treatment of the GORE® VIABAHN® Endoprosthesis with PROPATEN Bioactive Surface (W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ, USA) with a standard PTA treatment. The primary effectiveness endpoint of the study is the primary patency at 12 months, defined as no evidence of restenosis or occlusion within the originally treated lesion based on color-flow duplex ultrasound (PSVR≤2.5) and without target lesion revascularization (TLR) within 12 months. The primary safety endpoint is the proportion of subjects who experience serious device-related adverse events within 30 days postprocedure. METHODS: A total of 83 patients meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria have been enrolled in this prospective, randomized, multicenter, controlled study in 7 sites between June 2010 and February 2012. Patients with an in-stent restenosis lesion in the femoropopliteal region and a Rutherford classification from 2 to 5 could be enrolled. After screening, the patient was randomized to either treatment with the GORE® VIABAHN® Endoprosthesis with PROPATEN Bioactive Surface or treatment with a standard PTA balloon. After the index procedure, follow-up visits at 1 month, 6 months, 12 months and 24 months were required. A color flow Doppler ultrasound was performed on all follow-up visits and a quantitative vascular angiography at the 12-month follow-up visit. RESULTS: In the VIABAHN® group, 39 patients (74.4% male; mean age 67.69±9.77 years) were enrolled and in the PTA group, 44 patients (72.7% male; mean age 68.98±9.71 years) were enrolled, which is comparable for both treatment groups. In the VIABAHN® group, 34 (87.2%) patients presented with claudication (Rutherford 2 and 3) and 5 (12.8%) patients had critical limb ischemia (Rutherford 4 and 5). In the PTA group, 36 (81.8%) patients were claudicants (Rutherford 2 and 3) and 8 (18.2%) presented with critical limb ischemia (Rutherford 4 and 5). The 12-month primary patency rates were 74.8% for the VIABAHN® group and 28.0% for the PTA group (P<0.001). No patients were reported to have device-related serious adverse events within 30 days postprocedure. The primary patency rate for the 24-month follow-up was 58.40% in the Viabahn group and 11.60% in the PTA group (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of femoropopliteal in-stent restenosis with a VIABAHN® Endoprosthesis shows significantly better results than the treatment with a standard PTA balloon. This demonstrates that the use of the VIABAHN® Endoprosthesis is a very promising tool for the treatment of complex in-stent restenosis.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Bélgica , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
2.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(6): H1369-H1379, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064555

RESUMO

Formaldehyde (FA) is a common, volatile organic compound used in organic preservation with known health effects of eye, nose, and throat irritation linked to oxidative stress and inflammation. Indeed, long-term FA exposure may provoke skin disorders, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of short-term FA exposure on the vasculature have yet to be investigated. We sought to investigate the impact of an acute FA exposure on 1) macrovascular function in the arm (brachial artery flow-mediated dilation, FMD), 2) microvascular function in the arm (brachial artery reactive hyperemia, RH) and leg (common femoral artery, supine passive limb movement, PLM), and 3) circulating markers of oxidative stress (xanthine oxidase, XO; protein carbonyl, PC; and malondialdehyde, MDA) and inflammation (C-reactive protein, CRP). Ten (n = 10) healthy females (23 ± 1 yr) were studied before and immediately after a 90-min FA exposure [(FA): 197 ± 79 ppb] in cadaver dissection laboratories. Brachial artery FMD% decreased following FA exposure (Pre-FA Exp: 9.41 ± 4.21%, Post-FA Exp: 6.74 ± 2.57%; P = 0.043), and FMD/shear decreased following FA exposure (Pre-FA Exp: 0.13 ± 0.07 AU, Post-FA Exp: 0.07 ± 0.03 AU; P = 0.016). The area under the curve for brachial artery RH (Pre-FA Exp: 481 ± 191 ml, Post-FA Exp: 499 ± 165 ml) and common femoral artery PLM (Pre-FA Exp: 139 ± 95 ml, Post-FA Exp: 129 ± 64 ml) were unchanged by FA exposure (P > 0.05). Circulating MDA increased (Pre-FA Exp: 4.8 ± 1.3 µM, Post-FA Exp: 6.3 ± 2.2 µM; P = 0.047) while XO, PC, and CRP were unchanged by FA exposure (P > 0.05). These initial data suggest a short FA exposure can adversely alter vascular function and oxidative stress, influencing cardiovascular health.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study was the first to investigate the implications of acute formaldehyde (FA) exposure on adult female vascular function in the arms and legs. The main findings of this study were a decrease in conduit vessel function without any alteration to microvascular function following a 90-min FA exposure. Additionally, the oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde increased after FA exposure. Taken together, these results suggest acute FA exposure have deleterious implications for the vasculature and redox balance.Listen to this article's corresponding podcast at https://ajpheart.podbean.com/e/formaldehyde-exposure-decreases-vascular-function/.


Assuntos
Artéria Braquial/efeitos dos fármacos , Artéria Femoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Fixadores/efeitos adversos , Formaldeído/efeitos adversos , Microcirculação/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Cadáver , Dissecação , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 72, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to quantify the frequency content of the blood velocity waveform in different body regions by means of phase contrast (PC) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and Doppler ultrasound. The highest frequency component of the spectrum is inversely proportional to the ideal temporal resolution to be used for the acquisition of flow-sensitive imaging (Shannon-Nyquist theorem). METHODS: Ten healthy subjects (median age 33y, range 24-40) were scanned with a high-temporal-resolution PC-CMR and with Doppler ultrasound on three body regions (carotid arteries, aorta and femoral arteries). Furthermore, 111 patients (median age 61y) with mild to moderate arterial hypertension and 58 patients with aortic aregurgitation, atrial septal defect, or repaired tetralogy of Fallot underwent aortic CMR scanning. The frequency power distribution was calculated for each location and the maximum frequency component, fmax, was extracted and expected limits for the general population were inferred. RESULTS: In the healthy subject cohort, significantly different fmax values were found across the different body locations, but they were nonsignificant across modalities. No significant correlation was found with heart rate. The measured fmax ranged from 7.7 ± 1.1 Hz in the ascending aorta, up to 12.3 ± 5.1 Hz in the femoral artery (considering PC-CMR data). The calculated upper boundary for the general population ranged from 11.0 Hz to 27.5 Hz, corresponding to optimal temporal resolutions of 45 ms and 18 ms, respectively. The patient cohort exhibited similar values for the frequencies in the aorta, with no correlation between blood pressure and frequency content. CONCLUSIONS: The temporal resolution of PC-CMR acquisitions can be adapted based on the scanned body region and in the adult population, should approach approximately 20 ms in the peripheral arteries and 40 ms in the aorta. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study presents results from a restrospective analysis of the clinical study NCT01870739 (ClinicalTrials.gov).


Assuntos
Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 826-830, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120443

RESUMO

In recent years, stent implantation has played an important role in solving femoropopliteal artery disease. Because part of the femoropopliteal artery is at the level of the knee joint, the deformation of this segment of the artery is greater when the lower limbs are bent, and the stent fracture rate is higher. Studies have showed that the deformation of the femoropopliteal artery mainly includes bending, twisting, axial compression and radial compression. The selection of stents with mechanical properties suitable for the deformation of artery in different sections can reduce the risk of fracture. The commonly used clinical stent designs (classic laser engraving stent, braided stent and covered stent) have large differences in mechanical properties. Braided stents with higher radial support are more suitable for treating popliteal artery disease, while covered stent has good compliance and can be used in all segments. Of course, the existing types of stents cannot meet all mechanical requirements. The design of the new stent needs to be studied, and its clinical results need to be confirmed by research.


Assuntos
Prótese Vascular , Artéria Femoral , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea , Stents , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
5.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(9): 1410-1418.e10, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868016

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate sex-related disparities in long-term outcomes of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) treated with IN.PACT drug-coated balloon (DCB) or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A post hoc analysis of the IN.PACT SFA trial was performed. Participants with Rutherford Clinical Classification 2-4 PAD and femoropopliteal artery lesions up to 18 cm long were randomly assigned to treatment with DCB (n = 220) or PTA (n = 111). Effectiveness outcomes were evaluated, including 36-month primary patency (freedom from binary restenosis and freedom from clinically driven [CD] target lesion revascularization [TLR]). RESULTS: In the DCB group, women were significantly older (69.4 y ± 9.9) than men (66.4 y ± 9.1; P = .025). Mean reference vessel diameter (RVD) was significantly smaller in women (4.4 mm ± 0.68) compared with men (4.8 mm ± 0.89, P < .001). Primary patency was 65.4% in women and 71.8% in men (P = .302). Freedom from CD-TLR was 81.1% in women and 86.4% in men (P = .285). Women treated with PTA were older (70.4 y ± 8.3) than men (66.9 y ± 9.5; P = .063). Mean RVD was significantly smaller in women (4.2 mm ± 0.77) compared with men (4.9 mm ± 0.77, P < .001). Primary patency was 42.3% in women and 46.7% in men (P = .551). Freedom from CD-TLR was 59.4% in women and 75.5% in men (P = .109). No significant differences were noted in safety and mortality outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In both groups, women were older and had smaller vessels. Particularly in the PTA group, women had worse clinical outcomes, though not reaching statistical significance. Further evaluation is necessary to understand the disparate nature of disease progression and outcomes following endovascular treatment in women compared with men.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Artéria Femoral , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Método Simples-Cego , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
6.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(10): 1661-1667, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921564

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using the Rotarex catheter combined with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in treatment of femoropopliteal artery occlusive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2016 and February 2018, 81 patients with acute or subacute femoropopliteal artery occlusions were treated with the Rotarex catheter combined with DCB. Lesions were classified according to the onset of symptoms as acutely (< 14 d) or subacutely (14 d to 3 mo) occluded. The mean lesion length was 12.1 cm ± 6.7. The primary endpoint was target lesion patency at 1 year as evaluated by duplex ultrasound (peak systolic velocity ratio < 2.4) and freedom from clinically indicated target lesion revascularization. Amputation rate, major adverse events, and ankle-brachial index at 12 months were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical success rate was 100% (n = 81). Bailout stents were necessary in 14 patients owing to residual stenosis or flow-limiting dissection. Additional thrombolysis was applied in 10 interventions. No major adverse events occurred during hospital stay. There were 9 restenosis cases during the 12-month follow-up period. Primary patency rate was 87.3% (62/71), and freedom from target lesion revascularization rate was 90.1% (64/71). Ankle-brachial index significantly increased from 0.46 ± 0.15 to 0.77 ± 0.14 during follow-up. The amputation rate was 1.4% at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: These initial data from 2 centers suggest that the combination of the Rotarex catheter and DCB may be safe and effective for treatment of acute or subacute thrombotic femoropopliteal occlusion with superior immediate and midterm results achieved.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Artéria Femoral , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Trombectomia , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Pequim , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
7.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 325-329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982261

RESUMO

Lumivascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel adjunct in the field of medicine. It offers clear real-time imaging of artery walls before and during endovascular intervention. This study reports our initial experience on the use of lumivascular OCT-guided atherectomy in the management of two patients with recurrent restenosis in their femoropopliteal arteries associated with in-stent restenosis. Endovascular procedures were successful with a Pantheris atherectomy device (Avinger, Redwood City, CA, USA) and drug-eluting balloons. The OCT images clearly distinguished normal anatomy from plaque pathology, were of great advantage in both the accurate diagnosis and treatment of target lesions, and may reduce radiation during the endovascular procedure. However, the price of the device and its need for contrast infusion limit its routine clinical use.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aterectomia , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/instrumentação , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 395, 2020 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This quantitative meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of drug-eluting balloon (DEB) vs. uncoated balloon (UCB) in patients with femoropopliteal arterial occlusive disease. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared DEB and UCB till November 2018. The random-effects model was used for conducting pooled analyses. RESULTS: Seventeen RCTs with 2706 patients were included in the final meta-analysis. Patients who received DEB had higher levels of minimal luminal diameter (MLD) at 6 (WMD: 0.77; 95%CI: 0.53 to 1.02; P < 0.001) and 12 months (WMD: 1.33; 95%CI: 0.93 to 1.73; P < 0.001) than those who received UCB. DEB reduced the late lumen loss (LLL) levels after 6 (WMD: -0.57; 95%CI: - 1.07 to - 0.06; P = 0.029) and 12 months (WMD: -0.95; 95%CI: - 1.28 to - 0.62; P < 0.001). DEB was found not superior over UCB on primary patency after 6 months (RR: 1.44; 95%CI: 0.88-2.35; P = 0.149), whereas DEB increased the primary patency after 12 (RR: 1.51; 95%CI: 1.25-1.83; P < 0.001) and 24 months (RR: 1.51; 95%CI: 1.30-1.77; P < 0.001). Patients who received DEB had reduced the risk of restenosis after 6 (RR: 0.47; 95%CI: 0.33-0.67; P < 0.001) and 12 months (RR: 0.55; 95%CI: 0.35-0.85; P = 0.008). DEB reduced the risk of major adverse events after 6 (RR: 0.30; 95%CI: 0.14-0.61; P = 0.001), 12 (RR: 0.49; 95%CI: 0.32-0.76; P = 0.001) and 24 months (RR: 0.62; 95%CI: 0.41-0.92; P = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: DEB yielded additional benefits on MLD, LLL, primary patency, restenosis, TLR, and major adverse events than UCB in patients with femoropopliteal arterial occlusive disease.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Stents Farmacológicos , Artéria Femoral , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
9.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 361, 2020 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between an increase in the pre- and post-operative mean platelet volume (MPV) and superficial femoral artery in-stent restenosis (ISR) rate. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited patients that underwent superficial femoral artery stenting for lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans at our hospital from March 2015 to March 2018. All patients gave venous blood three days before and following implantation. Doppler ultrasound, computed tomography angiography or digital subtraction angiography were used for regular follow-up examination. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of ISR after superficial femoral artery stenting. We enrolled 173 patients, of which 34 (19.6%) were determined as having ISR for a mean of 8.9 ± 2.7 months (3-12 months). Neutrophil count, neutrophil ratio, lymphocyte ratio and platelet count pre-implantation, and platelet count and MPV after stent implantation, and the pre- and post-operative mean platelet volume difference (MPVD) and mean platelet volume difference ratio (MPVDR) were all statistically different when comparing the ISR and non-restenosis groups (p < 0.05). A positive correlation was found for post-operative MPV and presence of ISR (r = 0.58; P < 0.001). A MPVD not less than 1.5 fL was associated with an odds ratio of 9.17 (95% CI [3.76 to 22.35]; P < 0.001) for presence of ISR. A MPVDR of not less than 17.9% was associated with an odds ratio of 7.68 (95% CI [3.19 to 18.49]; P < 0.001) for occurrence of ISR. CONCLUSIONS: An increase in pre- and post-operative MPV was correlated with the occurrence of superficial femoral artery ISR.


Assuntos
Arteriosclerose Obliterante/terapia , Plaquetas , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Artéria Femoral , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arteriosclerose Obliterante/sangue , Arteriosclerose Obliterante/diagnóstico , Constrição Patológica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
10.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 452.e5-452.e11, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634560

RESUMO

Acute lower limb ischemia (ALLI) in the pediatric population is rare but may lead to limb loss and life-long complications. We report the technique and outcomes of microsurgical salvage of ALLI in a preterm newborn after open reduction of congenital hip dysplasia. A 2-month-old girl was born premature at week 36 with congenital bilateral hip dysplasia. The initial management attempted was conservative and entailed placement of bilateral Von Rosen splints. The treatment was successful on the left side, but the patient had recurrent unstable hip dislocation on the right side. Subsequently, 2 attempts at close reduction under general anesthesia were done and both were unsuccessful in maintaining the right hip in the acetabulum. Therefore, an open reduction of the right hip was planned through a medial/obturator approach. During the surgical procedure, the neurovascular femoral bundle (including the superficial femoral artery [SFA], femoral vein [FV], and femoral nerve) was accidently transected with subsequent development of ALLI. Therefore, the FV was harvested distally to the injury site and a 4-cm long healthy segment was obtained. It was reversed, flushed with heparin, spatulated at both extremities, and interposed to the SFA in end-to-end fashion using two 9/0 polypropylene interrupted sutures under microscope. Reperfusion of the limb was noted immediately after releasing the vascular clamps. The final ischemia time at completion of the surgical procedure was 6 hr. Thereby, prophylactic 4-compartment fasciotomies were performed in the right leg. The patient tolerated the procedure well and the postoperative clinical course was free from adverse events. Duplex ultrasound examination at 6 weeks after the intervention confirmed sustained clinical success and showed no signs of venous thromboembolism. At the same time, X-ray examination of the right hip confirmed adequate and stable reduction of the joint in the acetabulum. ALLI due to accidental arterial injury during orthopedic surgical procedures for congenital defects in newborns is a rare but potentially devastating complication. Microsurgical salvage is a safe, feasible, and effective option to restore limb flow. Multidisciplinary expertise and meticulous technique are mandatory in order to achieve satisfactory and durable outcomes.


Assuntos
Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Veia Femoral/transplante , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Doença Iatrogênica , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Microcirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/lesões , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia
12.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 714-725, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618486

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of orbital atherectomy (OA) for the treatment of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) manifesting as claudication or chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI). Materials and Methods: The database from the LIBERTY study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01855412) was interrogated to identify 503 PAD patients treated with any commercially available endovascular devices and adjunctive OA for 617 femoropopliteal and/or infrapopliteal lesions. Cox regression analyses were employed to examine the association between baseline Rutherford category (RC) stratified as RC 2-3 (n=214), RC 4-5 (n=233), or RC 6 (n=56) and all-cause mortality, target vessel revascularization (TVR), major amputation, major adverse event (MAE), and major amputation/death at up to 3 years of follow-up. The mean lesion lengths were 78.7±73.7, 131.4±119.0, and 95.2±83.9 mm, respectively, for the 3 groups. Results: After OA, balloon angioplasty was used in >98% of cases, with bailout stenting necessary in 2.0%, 2.8%, and 0% of the RC groups, respectively. A small proportion (10.8%) of patients developed angiographic complications, without differences based on presentation. During the 3-year follow-up, claudicants were at lower risk for MAE, death, and major amputation/death than patients with CLTI. The 3-year Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were 84.6% for the RC 2-3 group, 76.2% for the RC 4-5 group, and 63.7% for the RC 6 group. The 3-year freedom from major amputation was estimated as 100%, 95.3%, and 88.6%, respectively. Among CLTI patients only, the RC at baseline was correlated with the combined outcome of major amputation/death, whereas RC classification did not affect TVR, MAE, major amputation, or death rates. Conclusion: Peripheral artery angioplasty with adjunctive OA in patients with CLTI or claudication is safe and associated with low major amputation rates after 3 years of follow-up. These results demonstrate the utility of OA for patients across the spectrum of PAD.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Aterectomia , Artéria Femoral , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/instrumentação , Aterectomia/mortalidade , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/mortalidade , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
13.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 646-649, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638640

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic multisystem inflammatory condition with associated endothelial dysfunction and dysregulated coagulation. Although deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in IBD has been well described, arterial thrombosis and thromboembolism are less commonly appreciated. METHODS: A 63-year-old male with a known history of Crohn disease presented with acute-onset right arm pain. His past vascular history was significant for left lower extremity DVT with an existing inferior vena cava filter and acute ischemia of the right lower extremity requiring a below-knee amputation a year ago. Imaging revealed acute brachial, ulnar, and radial artery thrombosis. RESULTS: Patient underwent an open right brachial, radial, and ulnar thrombectomy to restore vascular flow. He required multiple exploration and thrombectomy for reocclusion of the vessels in the early postoperative period. He later developed a rapidly deteriorating clinical status, flank ecchymosis and swelling concerning for soft tissue ischemia, and compartment syndrome heralding an eventual hemodynamic collapse. On exploration, he was found to have chronic fibrosis of his left femoral vein and femoral artery occlusion. Clinically, the patient deteriorated rapidly, which resulted in his demise. CONCLUSION: The inflammatory reaction in IBD leads to arterial stiffening and hypercoagulability, which should theoretically increase the risk for vascular disease. Although the link between IBD and DVT is well established, arterial thrombosis and thromboembolism remain widely debated, with some implications for therapeutic intervention. The link between vascular thrombosis and IBD must be examined further, as the treatment and prevention of vascular complications in IBD depends on our understanding of this relationship.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Artéria Femoral , Veia Femoral , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Superior/irrigação sanguínea , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Evolução Fatal , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Veia Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Femoral/fisiopatologia , Veia Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia
14.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 683-690, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666871

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the novel SELUTION sustained-limus-release (SLR) drug-eluting balloon (DEB) in the treatment of femoropopliteal lesions. Materials and Methods: Between October 2016 and May 2017, 50 subjects (mean age 69.6±10.4 years; 29 men) with symptomatic moderate to severe lower limb ischemia (Rutherford categories 2 or 3) were enrolled at 4 German centers for the SELUTION SLR first-in-human trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02941224). The SELUTION SLR utilizes micro-reservoirs (biodegradable polymer spheres containing sirolimus) embedded within an amphipathic membrane coated onto an angioplasty balloon. The biodegradable reservoirs are transferred to the target vessel lumen during brief balloon inflation. The primary trial objective was comparison of angiographic late lumen loss at 6 months against an objective performance criterion (OPC) value of 1.04 mm for uncoated balloon angioplasty. Secondary endpoints included device, procedural, and clinical success; clinical and imaging assessments of primary patency and restenosis; functional assessments including Rutherford category and ankle-brachial index (ABI); and major adverse events [composite of cardiovascular mortality, index limb amputation, target limb thrombosis, and clinically-driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR)]. Results: At 6 months, median angiographic late lumen loss following SELUTION SLR treatment was 0.19 mm (range -1.16 to 3.07). Mean angiographic late lumen loss (n=34) was 0.29±0.84 mm (95% CI -0.01 to 0.58), significantly lower than the 1.04-mm OPC value (p<0.001). The rate of primary patency by duplex ultrasound was 88.4%, and freedom from angiographic binary restenosis was 91.2%. Through 6 months, there was significant improvement over baseline in Rutherford categories (p<0.001) and in ABI measurements (p<0.001). A single case (2%) of CD-TLR occurred at 5 months. There were no other major adverse events. Conclusion: Through 6 months, the SELUTION SLR DEB appears to inhibit restenosis effectively and safely, improving outcomes in subjects with symptomatic femoropopliteal disease.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Artéria Femoral , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Alemanha , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
15.
Circ J ; 84(8): 1320-1329, 2020 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32581151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk of restenosis after intervention is higher in femoropopliteal than in aortoiliac lesions. However, the appropriate endovascular therapy (EVT) for preventing restenosis after intervention for femoropopliteal lesions remains unknown. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between lesion characteristics and patency after EVT using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) measurement and to determine the predictors of restenosis on IVUS.Methods and Results:This prospective observational study was performed at 18 Japanese centers. We evaluated the lesion characteristics before and after EVT for femoropopliteal lesion using IVUS. Angiographic or duplex ultrasound follow-up was performed at 1 year after EVT. A total of 263 lesions underwent EVT between December 2016 and December 2017. In total, 20 lesions (8 cases of isolated common femoral artery lesion and 12 cases of restenosis lesion) were excluded, and 243 lesions were enrolled in this study. A total of 181 lesions were treated with stent placement, and 62 lesions were treated only with balloon angioplasty. In the case of stent use, a larger distal plaque burden was associated with restenosis, while a lower calcification angle was associated with higher patency in the case of balloon angioplasty alone. CONCLUSIONS: The factors related to patency differed depending on the treating modality. The findings suggest that IVUS is a useful tool for predicting patency because it can provide a more accurate evaluation after EVT for femoropopliteal lesions.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Constrição Patológica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Retratamento , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 261-273, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of atherectomy for lower extremity revascularization is increasing despite concerning reports about its long-term safety and effectiveness. This study compares the outcomes of atherectomy to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stenting for treatment of isolated femoropopliteal disease. METHODS: All patients undergoing endovascular treatment of isolated femoropopliteal lesions in the Vascular Quality Initiative (2009-2018) were identified. Patients with concomitant open surgery, acute limb ischemia, or iliac or tibial intervention were excluded. Patients were divided into 3 treatment groups: atherectomy with or without PTA, PTA alone, and stenting alone. Propensity matching was performed based on age, gender, race, ambulatory status, diabetes, smoking, hypertension, coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, dialysis, prior inflow bypass and intervention, prior major ipsilateral amputation, indication, length of treated lesion, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, and Trans-Atlantic Society Consensus II classification. The perioperative and one-year outcomes of the matched groups were compared. RESULTS: A total of 10,007 cases of atherectomy, 22,000 cases of PTA, and 27,579 cases of stenting of isolated femoropopliteal disease were identified. After matching, there were 6,372 procedures in atherectomy and PTA groups, respectively. Atherectomy was associated with higher likelihood of technical success (98.3% vs. 97.5%; P < 0.001) and shorter length of stay (1.8 ± 8.2 days vs. 2.7 ± 15.7 days; P < 0.001), but had increased rate of distal embolization (2% vs. 1.1%; P < 0.001) compared with PTA. At one year, atherectomy was associated with improved primary patency (84.2% vs. 82%; P = 0.047) and survival rate (91.1% vs. 90%; P = 0.044), but was also associated with a higher reintervention rate (15.7% vs 13.6%; P = 0.033) compared with PTA. There was no difference in the rates of major amputation, ambulatory status improvement, or ankle brachial index (ABI) improvement. In the second analysis, after matching, there were 6,877 procedures in the atherectomy and stenting groups, respectively. Atherectomy was associated with lower rate of dissection (3.7% vs. 8.2% <0 .001), lower rate of perforation (0.6% vs. 1.2%; P < 0.001), and a shorter length of stay (1.9 ± 8.1 vs. 2.9 ± 9.8 days; P < 0.001) than stenting. However, patients treated with atherectomy had a lower rate of technical success (98.3% vs. 99.2%; P < 0.001) and a higher rate of distal embolization (2% vs. 1.2%; P < 0.001) than stenting. At one year, atherectomy was associated with a higher rate of major ipsilateral amputation (5.3% vs. 4.1%; P = 0.046) and less improvement in ABI (0.19 ± 0.42 vs. 0.25 ± 0.4; P < 0.001) than stenting. There was no difference in rates of primary patency, survival, reintervention, and ambulatory status improvement at one year. CONCLUSIONS: Atherectomy does not seem to confer any significant additional clinical benefit compared with balloon angioplasty or stenting. Further research is needed to justify its additional cost over other endovascular modalities.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aterectomia , Artéria Femoral , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 450.e23-450.e28, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561240

RESUMO

In recent decades, the increasing complexity of arterial bypasses in the management of chronic limb-threatening ischemia has spurred the development of alternative techniques, such as revascularization of genicular arteries. Few publications on this technique can be found in the literature, and its use has been restricted to specialized vascular groups. This article describes the case of a patient with extensive femorotibial occlusive disease who received a collateral artery bypass, using the deep femoral artery as a donor, the cephalic vein as an alternative autogenous substitute, and the descending genicular artery as a recipient. Bypass to the descending genicular artery, although underutilized, is an effective option and increases the possibility of limb salvage in the management of chronic limb-threatening ischemia.


Assuntos
Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular , Veias/cirurgia , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Circulação Colateral , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Resultado do Tratamento , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias/fisiopatologia
18.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 448.e15-448.e18, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gender-reassignment surgeries are technically challenging and associated with detrimental vascular complications. METHODS: A 49 year-old female status-post phalloplasty presented with peripheral vascular complication resulting in disabling claudication. Initial anastomotic attempt was rendered nonviable to sustain the constructed phallus resulting in superficial femoral artery stenosis. Covered stent placement corrected the stenosis and alleviated the claudication. RESULTS: As gender-reassignment surgeries increase, greater understanding of potential vascular complications is needed. Involvement of multidisciplinary teams is necessary to optimize patient safety and outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Vascular surgery should play a larger role in these complex revascularizations and vessel anastomoses to ensure quality blood flow to the reconstructed genitalia.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Artéria Femoral , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Cirurgia de Readequação Sexual/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/etiologia , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/etiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
19.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(1): H171-H182, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502377

RESUMO

The role of the ASIC1a in evoking the exercise pressor reflex in rats with simulated peripheral artery disease is unknown. This prompted us to determine whether ASIC1a plays a role in evoking the exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in decerebrated rats with simulated peripheral artery disease. To simulate peripheral artery disease, we ligated the left femoral artery 72 h before the experiment. The right femoral artery was freely perfused and used as a control. To test our hypothesis, we measured the effect of injecting two ASIC1a blockers into the arterial supply of the triceps surae muscles with and without the femoral artery ligated on the reflex pressor responses to 1) static contraction of the triceps surae muscles, 2) calcaneal tendon stretch, and 3) intra-arterial injection of diprotonated phosphate (pH 6.0). We found that the ASIC1a blockers psalmotoxin-1 (200 ng/kg) and mambalgin-1 (6.5 µg/kg) decreased the pressor responses to static contraction as well as the peak pressor responses to injection of diprotonated phosphate when these responses were evoked from the freely perfused hindlimb. In contrast, ASIC1a blockers only decreased the peak pressor responses evoked by injection of diprotonated phosphate in the hindlimb circulation with simulated peripheral artery disease. This inhibitory effect was less than the one measured from the healthy hindlimb. Independently of the hindlimb of interest, ASIC1a blockers had no effect on the pressor responses to tendon stretch. Our results do not support the hypothesis that ASIC1a play a role in evoking the exercise pressor reflex arising from a hindlimb with simulated peripheral artery disease.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The role of ASIC1a in evoking the metabolic component of the exercise pressor reflex in peripheral artery disease is unknown. Using a within-rat experimental design, we found that the contribution of ASIC1a decreased in a rat model of peripheral artery disease. These results have key implications to help finding better treatments and improve morbidity, quality of life, and mortality in patients with peripheral artery disease.


Assuntos
Canais Iônicos Sensíveis a Ácido/metabolismo , Contração Muscular , Doença Arterial Periférica/metabolismo , Esforço Físico , Reflexo , Bloqueadores do Canal Iônico Sensível a Ácido/farmacologia , Animais , Venenos Elapídicos/farmacologia , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/irrigação sanguínea , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Venenos de Aranha/farmacologia , Tendões/fisiopatologia
20.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(4): 647-657, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32508220

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the safety and efficacy of drug-coated balloons (DCB) for the treatment of femoropopliteal or infrapopliteal lesions in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI). Materials and Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Central up to January 2020 to identify randomized trials and observational studies presenting data on the effectiveness and safety of DCBs in the treatment of femoropopliteal or infrapopliteal lesions. A meta-analysis utilizing random effects modeling was conducted to investigate primary patency and all-cause mortality at 12 months; the results are reported as the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Secondary outcomes were procedural success, bailout stenting, target lesion revascularization (TLR), reocclusion, major amputation, wound healing, and major adverse limb events. Results: Twenty-six studies, 12 retrospective and 14 prospective, comprising 2108 CLTI patients treated with DCBs for femoropopliteal (n=1315) or infrapopliteal (n=793) lesions were analyzed. The average lesion lengths were 121±44 and 135±53 mm, respectively. The overall 12-month all-cause mortality and major amputation rates were 9% (95% CI 6% to 13%) and 5% (95% CI 2% to 8%), respectively. Primary patency rates were 82% (95% CI 76% to 87%) and 64% (95% CI 58% to 70%), respectively. A sensitivity analysis of the infrapopliteal lesions demonstrated no difference between DCB and balloon angioplasty in terms of primary patency, TLR, major amputation, or mortality over 12 months. However, patients with infrapopliteal lesions undergoing DCB angioplasty did have a significantly lower risk for reocclusion (10% vs 25%; OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.70, p=0.002). Conclusion: DCB angioplasty of femoropopliteal and infrapopliteal lesions in patients with CLTI results in acceptable 12-month patency rates, although comparative data have not shown a patency benefit for infrapopliteal lesions. The 12-month mortality rate of DCB vs balloon angioplasty was not significantly different, but studies with longer-term outcomes are necessary to determine any association between DCB use and mortality in patients with CLTI.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Artéria Femoral , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Idoso , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
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