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1.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 58(4): 831-839, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471547

RESUMO

A variety of nonatherosclerotic diseases affect the arteries of the pelvis and lower extremities. Chronic repetitive traumatic conditions, such as popliteal entrapment and external iliac artery fibroelastosis, vasculitis and connective tissue diseases, and noninflammatory vascular diseases, are a few of the more commonly encountered nonatherosclerotic peripheral vascular diseases. Ultrasound, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography are essential in the initial assessment and management of patients with peripheral vascular disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Feminino , Fibrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasculite/complicações , Vasculite/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(16): e19637, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311934

RESUMO

The aim of this observational retrospective study was to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the symmetry of atherosclerotic plaques in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of lower limbs. We retrospectively evaluated the peripheral magnetic resonance angiography of 82 patients considering the iliac, femoral and tibial arteries. Stenosis was scored 0 (none), 1 (<50%), 2 (50%-74%), 3 (75%-99%), and 4 (occluded). Symmetry was quantified as the percentage of bilaterally-diseased arteries and using the inter-leg absolute score difference (0-4). Signs test and Cohen κ were also calculated. Seventy-one (87%) patients had ≥1 bilaterally-diseased artery, and 168 (20%) of 820 artery pairs were bilaterally affected. At least 1 bilateral stenosis was observed from 11% (right internal iliac) to 73% (right superficial femoral). All 10 arteries showed symmetry, none of the inter-leg comparisons being significantly different (P ≥ .100). Cohen κ ranged from 0.208 (common femoral) to 0.533 (internal iliac). This study showed that PAD was symmetrically distributed between the 2 legs, with the internal iliac artery being the most symmetric segment. Symmetry of PAD was quantified in 20%.


Assuntos
Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 97, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salmonella species commonly causes infection in humans and on occasion leads to serious complications, such as mycotic aneurysms. Here, we present the first case reported of a patient with a mycotic aneurysm likely secondary to Salmonella Rissen infection. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient presented with 4 weeks of lower back pain, chills and a single episode of diarrhoea 2 months prior during a 14-day trip to Hong Kong and Taiwan. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an aneurysmal left internal iliac artery with adjacent left iliacus rim-enhancing collection. A stool culture was positive for Salmonella Rissen ST 469 EBG 66 on whole genome sequencing. The patient underwent an emergency bifurcated graft of his internal iliac aneurysm and was successfully treated with appropriate antibiotics. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the importance of considering the diagnosis of a mycotic aneurysm in an unusual presentation of back pain with features of infection.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Infectado/cirurgia , Aneurisma Ilíaco/cirurgia , Infecções por Salmonella/cirurgia , Idoso , Aneurisma Infectado/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Infectado/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Ilíaco/tratamento farmacológico , Aneurisma Ilíaco/microbiologia , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/microbiologia , Masculino , Salmonella/efeitos dos fármacos , Salmonella/isolamento & purificação , Salmonella/patogenicidade , Infecções por Salmonella/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Salmonella/tratamento farmacológico
4.
J Med Vasc ; 45(1): 18-22, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057320

RESUMO

Management of iliac stent thrombosis is challenging. Open surgical repair may be indicated when intraluminally stent catheterization is difficult to perform. The present review reports the crush stent recanalization technique illustrated with the management of a patient with critical limb ischemia associated to iliac stent thrombosis. Crush stent technique has been described in interventional cardiology but remains rarely performed. Few reported cases described this technique for peripheral arterial recanalization, that is stenting through the subintimal space around an occluded stent.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Artéria Ilíaca , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Stents , Trombose/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
6.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(3): 292-296, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896316

RESUMO

Common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysms present across a spectrum of anatomic variants that can pose unique operative challenges. A wide variety of procedural approaches have been described in the literature with current therapeutic options including both open and endovascular repair. These techniques may involve either ligation or embolization of the internal iliac artery (IIA) with reliance on collateralized blood flow to the pelvis to mitigate postoperative complications. However, preservation of the IIA is often preferred. This case report describes a hybrid surgical approach for treating CIA aneurysms while preserving IIA perfusion. Our technique mitigates the risks of hypogastric artery dissection (including hypogastric vein injury) in the presence of a large CIA aneurysm.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Ilíaco/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(3): 264-271, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928171

RESUMO

Persistent sciatic artery (PSA) is an embryologic remnant of the internal iliac artery, and when is present, it undergoes aneurysmal degeneration in up to 60% of the cases. Endovascular repair is an increasingly utilized treatment strategy for PSA aneurysms (PSAAs). The objective was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the endovascular repair in patients with PSAA and to identify potential risk factors for loss of patency or limb loss. This systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, and eligible studies were identified through search of the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Central databases. Fifteen case reports, comprising 15 patients overall, were included. The median age of the patients was 68 years old (mean age 66 ± 13.4 years) with half of the reported patients being women. Most patients presented with progressive limb claudication, complaining about an enlarging palpable pulsatile buttock mass. The onset of symptoms was sudden in 78% of the reported cases. Additionally, the distal pulses on PSAA side were diminished or absent in 91% of the patients. Acute limb ischemia was the primary diagnosis in 75% of the cases. All patients underwent endovascular repair of the PSAA with a covered stent. Procedural outcomes were favorable in all patients demonstrating no symptoms recurrence, aneurysmal regression, or total obliteration evaluated by angiographic studies (computed tomography angiography [CTA] and angiogram). Periprocedural imaging evaluation was determined either with CTA or duplex ultrasound (DUS). Periprocedural complications included only 1 endoleak with distal dissection. This endoleak was identified after stent deployment and dissection distal to the aneurysm. Mean follow-up (with CTA and/or DUS) was 22 months, with all patients being asymptomatic with no recurrence of symptom. The endovascular treatment of PSAA with covered stent is safe and effective. Persistent sciatic artery aneurysms is associated with high procedural success, low periprocedural compilations, and favorable mid-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma Ilíaco/terapia , Artéria Ilíaca/embriologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Ilíaco/embriologia , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 61(1): 93-97, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29430887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the guidelines aortoiliac TASC D lesions should be treated by bypass. The purpose of this study was to examine the results of hybrid procedures with the use of a self-expanding covered heparin-bonded stent graft (Viabahn) in patients with extensive aorto-iliac lesions who were not considered to be suitable for open aorto-iliac surgery. METHODS: All patients who received a hybrid procedure in combination with a Viabahn stent in our clinic to treat aortoiliac lesions between October 2011 and April 2017 were included in this retrospective analysis. Study endpoints were primary patency, amputation-free survival (AFS) and major adverse limb event (MALE) free survival after 2 years. RESULTS: We included 23 hybrid procedures (endarterectomy of the common femoral artery or cross over bypass and aortoiliac stent) in 20 patients (median age 59 years). Indication was critical limb ischemia in 70.0%. The reasons why patients were on high risk for alternative open aortoiliac revascularization were hostile abdomen in 35.0%, cardiopulmonary contraindications in 35%, cancer in 10.0%, age >80 years in 10.0% and alcoholic cirrhosis in 10.0%. The 30-day mortality was 15.0%, the major amputation rate was 4.3%. We had no early graft occlusion. After 2 years primary patency was 100%, AFS 58.2% and MALE free survival 95.7%. CONCLUSIONS: A hybrid procedure with the use of a Viabahn stent in severe aortoiliac pathologies showed good patency results in this selected patient group. Therefore, it should be considered a feasible alternative to aortoiliac bypass surgery in surgical high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/mortalidade , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
10.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 59(1): 67-72, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence of popliteal artery aneurysm (PA) are scarce and difficult to interpret as the definition differs among papers. The aim was to investigate the prevalence among men with screening detected abdominal aortic aneurysms (≥30 mm, AAAs) and subaneurysmal aortic dilatation (25-29 mm, SAA), and to explore whether the existence of a PA correlated with the diameters of the aorta, iliac, and femoral arteries. METHODS: In Uppsala, Sweden, a county with 376 000 inhabitants, AAA screening of 65 year old men was initiated in 2006. All men with AAA and SAA also had measurements of the common iliac artery (CIA). The common femoral (CFA), superficial femoral (SFA), and popliteal arteries were evaluated at re-examination, performed after 1-2 years for AAA and five years for SAA. PA was defined as ≥ 12 mm, or 1.5 times larger than the distal SFA according to the ISCVS/SVS Ad Hoc Committee. The relationships between PA and other vessel diameters were explored. RESULTS: A total of 19 820 65 year old men (84.6%) accepted the invitation to screening between 2006 and 2017. AAA was found in 173 (0.9%), and SAA in 149 subjects (1.1% of those screened 2006-2013, eligible for this study). In the whole cohort, 14.2% of those examined had at least one PA of any size, 3.0% were ≥15 mm and 2.2% ≥ 20 mm. There was no difference in PA prevalence between AAA and SAA: 15.9% vs. 12.2% (p = .48). There was no difference in aortic diameter in those with or without PA (p = .46), but there were significant correlations with CIA (p < .001), CFA (p < .001), and SFA (p < .001) diameters. CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of PA among subjects with screening detected AAA and SAA was found. PA was not correlated with the aortic diameter in this cohort, where all had dilated aortas, while correlations with peripheral and iliac artery diameters were identified.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/epidemiologia , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Artéria Poplítea/patologia , Idoso , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Prevalência , Suécia/epidemiologia
11.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 59(1): 51-58, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the post-operative volumetric evolution of common iliac arteries (CIA) ≥ 17 mm diameter with respect to the type of endovascular technique performed and to assess type 1b endoleak risk factors. METHODS: All consecutive patients presenting with aneurysmal disease with CIA ≥17 mm treated endovascularly from 2008 to 2016 were included. Patients were divided into two groups dependent upon the type of endovascular technique performed: bell bottom technique (BBT group), vs. other techniques (non-BBT group). Volumetric evolution of the CIA was assessed for each patient by computed tomography angiographic reconstructions performed pre-operatively, at six months, one year, and two years. Multivariable analysis was performed to identify risk factors for type 1b endoleak. RESULTS: From 2008 to 2016, 74 patients with 110 CIA ≥17 mm were treated (BBT group: n = 58; non-BBT group: n = 52). Mean follow up was 48.1 months (median 39.0, IQR 38.1). Mean volumetric evolution significantly differed in the BBT group +14.2% (median 19.9%, IQR 24.6) compared with the non-BBT group: -20.9% (median -20.1%, IQR -26.0), p < .001. The five year type 1b endoleak related re-intervention rate was 16.1% and 7.7% in the BBT and non-BBT groups, respectively (p = .04), mean time to type 1b endoleak was 24.8 months and 54.3 months, respectively. The BBT appeared as a risk factor for type 1b endoleak (OR: 7.13; 95% CI: 1.58-3.04; p < .001). CONCLUSION: The BBT is associated with an increase in CIA volume post-operatively and consequently can be considered a risk factor for type 1b endoleak. It might be avoided if an iliac branched endograft is possible.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Ilíaco/mortalidade , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 109(2): e91-e93, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254506

RESUMO

We report a successful treatment of extent III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm complicated with stenoocclusive visceral and iliac arteries in a 27-year-old woman with Takayasu arteritis. Distal first technique and a bypass to the left femoral artery was performed to maintain the pelvic circulation for spinal cord protection as the patient had right external iliac artery occlusion and left common iliac artery occlusion. In addition, we performed endarterectomy of the visceral branch orifices during the extent III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. The patient recovered without spinal cord injury and serum creatinine improved from 1.22 to 0.53 mg/dL.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/etiologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Adulto , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Mesentéricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(2): 102-110, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Compare technical, clinical, and economic outcomes between endovascular and open approaches in patients with type D aortoiliac occlusive disease according to the TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus. METHODS: Patients undergoing revascularization for type D aortoiliac lesions, either endovascular or open surgery approach, from 2 Portuguese institutions between January 2011 and October 2017 were included. The surgical technique was left to the surgeon discretion. Patients with common femoral artery affection, both obstructive and aneurysmatic, were excluded. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients underwent aortobifemoral bypass and 32 patients were submitted to endovascular repair. The patients undergoing endovascular procedure were more likely to present with chronic heart failure (P = .001) and chronic kidney disease (P = .022) and less likely to have a history of smoking (P = .05). The mean follow-up period was 67.84 (95% confidence interval = 61.85-73.83) months. The open surgery approach resulted in a higher technical success (P = .001); however, limb salvage and patency rates were not different between groups. Endovascular approach was associated with a shorter length-of-stay, both inpatient (6 vs 9 days; P = .041) and patients admitted in the intensive care unit (0 vs 3.81 days; P = .001) as well as lower hospital expenses (US$9281 vs US$23 038; P = .001) with a similar procedure cost (US$2316 vs US$1173; P = .6). No differences were found in the postsurgical quality of life. CONCLUSION: Endovascular approach is, at least, clinically equivalent to open surgery approach and is more cost-efficient. The "endovascular-first" approach should be considered for type D occlusive aortoiliac lesions.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Idoso , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/economia , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/economia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/economia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Redução de Custos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/economia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Portugal , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 85-88, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547785

RESUMO

The common femoral artery (CFA) is the most widely used inflow in all types of surgical revascularization in patients with peripheral artery disease. However, the CFA cannot always be used because of calcification, obstruction, or previous dissection. Here, we report a rare case of selecting the deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) as a source of inflow to perform a surgical revascularization in a patient with chronic limb-threatening ischemia. A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to necrotized third and fifth toes with pain at rest. Computed tomography showed severe stenosis of the CFA, superficial femoral artery, and deep femoral artery, and an entirely stented external iliac artery. The DCIA was identified as the only patent artery. Considering the condition of the other arteries, we selected the DCIA as a source of inflow. Deep circumflex iliac-popliteal bypass was performed with a saphenous vein. The bypass graft was patent 9 months after surgery and limb salvage had been achieved.


Assuntos
Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular/métodos , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 21-29, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovascular therapy is first-line treatment for aortoiliac occlusive disease. This shift has altered case volume, patient selection, and risk profile for aortobifemoral bypass (ABF). Given this, we sought to investigate factors influencing morbidity and mortality after ABF in the endovascular era. METHODS: Data for patients undergoing primary ABF from 2000 to 2017 were queried. Primary endpoints included major complication (unplanned return to the operating room, life-or-limb-threatening complications, and 30-day readmission or death) and long-term survival. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard models determined predictors of primary endpoints. Kaplan-Meier analysis estimated patency, freedom from reintervention, and long-term survival. RESULTS: During these 17 years, 256 patients underwent primary ABF. Mean age was 67.9 ± 10.6 years and 51.2% were women. Most had claudication (69.5%); 28.9% had critical ischemia. Sixty-five (25.4%) patients had prior aortoiliac endovascular intervention, 106 (41.4%) required aortic cuff endarterectomy, 111 (43.3%) femoral outflow adjunct, 9 (3.5%) simultaneous lower extremity bypass, and 230 (89.8%) had Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus D lesions. Concomitant renovisceral revascularization was needed in 42 (16.4%) patients. Thirty-day mortality was 2.7%. Major complication occurred in 92 patients (35.9%). Predictors included prior endovascular intervention (odds ratio [OR], 2.2; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.2-4.1; P = 0.01), malignancy (OR, 2.6; 95% CI: 1.3-5.3; P = 0.01), intraoperative complication (OR, 3.3; 95% CI: 1.3-9.2; P = 0.03), operative blood loss, (OR, 1.0 per 100 ml; 95% CI: 1.0-1.0; P = 0.03), and cuff endarterectomy (OR, 1.8; 95% CI: 1.0-3.1; P = 0.04). Median follow-up was 5.3 years (interquartile range: 7.2 years). Survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 94%, 90%, and 82% respectively. Primary patency and freedom from reintervention at 5 years were 76% and 79%, respectively. Predictors of late mortality included malignancy (hazard ratio [HR], 2.3; 95% CI: 1.3-3.9; P < 0.01), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR, 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-3.1; P = 0.02), congestive heart failure (HR, 2.3; 95% CI: 1.2-4.3; P = 0.01), Rutherford's class (HR, 1.5; 95% CI: 1.1-2.1; P = 0.01), operative blood loss (HR 1.0 per 100 ml; 95% CI: 1.0-1.0; P = 0.04) and chronic kidney disease (HR, 2.3; 95% CI: 1.2-4.2; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Although late outcomes after ABF in the contemporary era remain acceptable, major complications are frequent. Operative complexity and prior endovascular revascularization predict complications. Long-term survival is driven by degree of limb ischemia and comorbidities. These should be considered in selection for ABF, potentially modifying approach to improve outcomes.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular/métodos , Idoso , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/mortalidade , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/mortalidade , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/mortalidade , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 238-247, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In previous studies, the growth rate and diameter of infrarenal aorta was paucity of Chinese data. This study aim to evaluate the normal inside diameter and growth rate of the infrarenal aorta and common iliac artery in Chinese adult population and to explore the relationship between related factors and the arterial diameter. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed among 1,340 hospitalized adult patients undergoing contrast-enhanced abdominopelvic computed tomography from April 2017 to March 2018 in our hospital. The inside diameter of infrarenal aorta and common iliac artery was measured. Linear regression was used to analyze the relationship between various factors and arterial diameter. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to analyze the relationship between the arterial diameter and age. Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the relationship between arterial diameter and sex. RESULTS: The inside diameter of the infrarenal aorta was 16.49 ± 2.12 mm in male patients and 14.50 ± 1.73 mm in female patients. In male patients, the right common iliac artery was 9.77 ± 1.75 mm, and the left was 9.65 ± 1.76 mm. In female patients, the right common iliac artery was 8.59 ± 1.31 mm and the left was 8.45 ± 1.28 mm. Comparing the oldest group with the youngest, the infrarenal aortic diameter increased 27.32% in male patients and 30.11% in female patients. Right common iliac artery increased 25.13% in male patients and 30.30% in female patients. Left common iliac artery increased 25.19% in male patients and 34.26% in female patients. The growth rate increased at the beginning, reached its peak at the age of 50-60 years, and then decreased. Multiple linear regression analysis results showed that sex, age, body surface area (BSA), hypertension, and cancer were significantly correlated with the diameter of infrarenal aorta. Sex, age, BSA, and hypertension were correlated with the diameter of right common iliac artery. Sex, age, BSA, and cancer were correlated with the diameter of left common iliac artery. CONCLUSIONS: The diameter of the infrarenal abdominal aorta and common iliac artery of Chinese people is smaller than that of other countries. The abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) guideline might be developed based on the basic diameter to suit patients with AAA and a different basic abdominal aortic diameter. Artery diameter was increased by the age, and female patients have smaller diameter and larger arterial growth rate than male patients. Female and young patients with AAA may choose more oversize grafts for endovascular AAA repair.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Abdominal/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Aortografia/métodos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Superfície Corporal , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 195-205, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In some cases of complex aortoiliac endovascular repair, the hypogastric landing zone is suboptimal or even insufficient. This study aimed at the technical feasibility and at the outcome of iliac branch device (IBD) deployment with extension of the IBD into the superior gluteal artery (SGA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involves a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained single-center cohort of patients with implantation of IBD for aortoiliac and postdissection aneurysms. The IBD cohort with landing zones in the hypogastric main trunk (IIA IBD) was compared with the IBD cohort with landing zones in the SGA (SGA IBD). The main outcome parameters were primary technical success, patency of the hypogastric branch, and freedom from IBD-specific secondary interventions within 30 days. Other outcomes of interest were long-term patency and freedom from buttock claudication, as well as the incidence of endoleaks. Group comparisons were made by univariate significance tests, and freedom from reintervention was analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier-method. RESULTS: From January 2015 to October 2017, a total of 46 IBDs were implanted in 40 patients (39 male; mean age, 71.9 ± 9.1 years). Nineteen of 46 (41.3%) IBDs were extended with at least one bridging stent graft into the SGA because of aneurysmal or short internal iliac artery (IIA). Technical success was achieved in 97.8% (96.3% for IIA IBD vs. 100% for SGA IBD, P = 0.163), and the primary ipsilateral limb patency rate was 100% within 30 days after the procedure. During a mean follow-up period of 19.8 ± 10.0 months (24.7 ± 10.8 for IIA IBD vs. 25.1 ± 9.8 for SGA IBD, P = 0.461), 11.1% IBDs in the IIA IBD group and 15.8% IBDs in the SGA IBD group needed secondary interventions (P = 0.33). Follow-up revealed no patients suffering from persistent buttock claudication or erectile dysfunction. One patient in the SGA IBD group died at late follow-up from a non-aneurysm-related cause. CONCLUSIONS: Extension of IBD into the SGA is a technically feasible and safe maneuver in the treatment of aortoiliac aneurysms with outcomes comparable to those when IBDs extend to the main trunk of the hypogastric artery.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Nádegas/irrigação sanguínea , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Aneurisma Ilíaco/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Ilíaco/fisiopatologia , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Claudicação Intermitente/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 232-237, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Open surgery of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) or aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) sometimes requires left renal vein division (LRVD) to gain adequate exposure of the abdominal aorta. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of LRVD on the postoperative renal function using propensity score matching (PSM). METHODS: From July 1996 to January 2018, we retrospectively reviewed 698 patients who underwent open aortic surgery, including 543 AAAs and 155 AIODs, at a single institution. 66 patients (9.6%, 47 AAAs, 19 AIODs) needed LRVD during the operation. A 1:3 ratio PSM was used to control the selective bias between the LRVD and non-LRVD groups. We investigated preoperative and postoperative renal function including serum creatinine (sCr) level and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2). Major complications, long-term renal function, and 30-day mortality were also compared. RESULTS: The LRVD group had a significantly higher rate of renal artery reconstruction (15.2% vs. 3.3%, P < 0.001) and suprarenal clamping (54.6% vs. 9.5%, P < 0.001) and higher incidence of juxtarenal AIOD (24.2% vs. 5.4%, P < 0.001). With PSM, 63 patients in the LRVD group and 144 patients in the non-LRVD group were enrolled in this study. The baseline characteristics were well balanced in the groups after PSM. There were no significant differences in preoperative eGFR (72.4 ± 21.3 vs. 76.1 ± 25.0, P = 0.306) and postoperative eGFR on day 3 (69.5 ± 26.6 vs. 77.5 ± 28.5, P = 0.065), day 7 (73.3 ± 24.8 vs. 78.5 ± 27.4, P = 0.264), and in the long-term follow-up period (69.0 ± 22.2 vs. 68.9 ± 27.1, P = 0.986, 50.2 month ± 45.50) in the 2 groups. Only the sCr level (1.40 ± 0.59 vs. 1.21 ± 0.62, P = 0.045) and eGFR (59.5 ± 23.9 vs. 71.4 ± 26.0, P = 0.002) were significantly worse on postoperative day 1 in the LRVD than in the non-LRVD group. There were no significant differences in 30-day mortality (1.6% vs. 1.6%, P = 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: The patients in the LVRD group underwent initial drop in renal function; however, eGFR improved during the follow-up period. There was no difference in renal function and postoperative mortality between LRVD and non-LRVD groups. Therefore, LRVD is a safe and durable procedure during complex abdominal aortic surgery.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Veias Renais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/mortalidade , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Veias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Renais/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
20.
Malawi Med J ; 31(3): 230-232, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839895

RESUMO

May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is an anatomical condition resulting in compression of the left common iliac vein between the right common iliac artery and the underlying spine. MTS is rarely diagnosed because diagnostic workup is seldom continued once the diagnosis of a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has been established. Furthermore, patients with DVT generally have several well-known confounding risk factors. We report a 16-year-old girl with a history of left leg swelling who was incidentally diagnosed with MTS. We hope that our case report will create awareness of vascular abnormalities in sports medicine and suggest that routine venous Doppler ultrasound screening may help to detect MTS or associated anatomical prior to the formation of early thrombosis.


Assuntos
Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de May-Thurner/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Adolescente , Angioplastia , Feminino , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Medicina Esportiva , Meias de Compressão , Trombose Venosa
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