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1.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 32(2): 173-180, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485505

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of endovascular repair of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) with a wire-interwoven nitinol stent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective, descriptive, and analytical study. From January 2016 to December 2018, 28 consecutive patients (29 lower limbs) were treated for a PAA with the deployment of the Supera stent (Abbott Vascular, Illinois). Twenty-three (79.3%) PAAs were asymptomatic; 6 (20.7%) presented with symptoms. The mean diameter and length of the aneurysm were 26.8 mm (20-40 mm) and 47.1 mm (23-145 mm) respectively. The primary endpoint was the prevention of embolic symptoms. The secondary endpoints were aneurysm exclusion, aneurysm diameter decrease, freedom from reintervention, and preservation of preoperative runoff vessels. RESULTS: Technical success was 100%, with a median of 2.4 run-off vessels at completion angiography, without any loss of run-off vessels. A double Supera stent was deployed in 10 cases. At completion angiography, a median of 2.4 runoff vessels were present, without any loss of runoff vessels. The mean follow-up time was 24.3 (12-35) months. Primary endpoints were reached in 100% of the cases and vessels run off was preserved in all cases. In 2 PAAs, complete sac thrombosis was witnessed at 6-month follow-up, while at 12-month follow-up, it was seen in 10 of 29 (34.4%) limbs. In all the other cases the diameter of the aneurysm remained stable, with a freedom from sac enlargement of 100%. No fractures or stent thromboses were detected. CONCLUSIONS: For endovascular repair of PAAs, the use of a thick interwoven-wire stent, that could work like a multilayer flow modulator showed encouraging mid-term results with no cases of stent fracture, occlusion or aneurysm increase.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ligas , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (1): 83-89, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395517

RESUMO

Vascular cystic adventitious degeneration (CAD) is a rare disease of unclear etiology that affects mainly the popliteal artery (up to 85-90% of cases). Clinical manifestations are similar to aneurysm of the popliteal artery. CAD occurs mainly in males of the 4th and 5th decades of life (range 10-77 years). These patients usually have no risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. Unilateral symptoms prevail. We report a review and a 46-year-old patient with CAD of the popliteal artery.


Assuntos
Cistos , Artéria Poplítea , Doenças Vasculares , Túnica Adventícia/patologia , Cistos/diagnóstico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico
3.
J Surg Res ; 257: 363-369, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Popliteal artery injuries are the second most common arterial injuries below the inguinal ligament. We aimed to compare outcomes in patients with popliteal injuries by hospital teaching status utilizing the National Trauma Data Bank Research Data Set (NTDB-RDS) 2013-2016. METHODS: Four-year retrospective study using the NTDB-RDS, evaluating popliteal vascular injuries. Patients were divided by popliteal injury type and teaching status into; nonteaching hospital (NTH), community teaching (CTH), or University teaching (UTH). Demographics and outcome measures were compared between groups. Risk-adjusted mortality odds ratios (ORs) were calculated. Significance was defined as P < 0.05. RESULTS: 3,577,168 patients were in the NTDB-RDS, with 1120 having a popliteal injury, (incidence = 0.03%). There was no significant difference in the amputation rate between patients treated in NTHs, CTHs, or UTHs (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the raw mortality rate between patients treated in NTHs, CTHs, or UTHs. After adjusting for confounders; compared to NTH, the odds ratio for mortality for popliteal artery injuries in the CTH group was significantly higher (OR: 15.95, 95% CI: 1.19-213.84), and for the UTH group the mortality was also significantly higher (OR: 5.74, 95% CI: 0.45-72.95). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of popliteal vascular injuries was 0.03% for 2013-2016. Patients with popliteal artery injuries treated at community teaching hospitals have a 16 times higher risk of mortality and at university teaching hospitals have a 5.7 times higher risk of mortality than patients treated at nonteaching hospitals.


Assuntos
Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Artéria Poplítea/lesões , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Rev Med Liege ; 75(11): 717-723, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155445

RESUMO

Endovascular treatment established itself last years as the first choice to treat femoropopliteal arterial occlusive disease. It is less invasive than the surgical approach. Endovascular techniques and devices evolution made it efficient. Use of retrograde puncture or re-entry catheters allows to recanalize more complex lesions. Vessel preparation of stenotic or occluded target lesion becomes an integral part of the therapy. Thanks to a lot of multicenter randomized controlled trials, drug eluting balloons took major place in the armamentarium we have, despite strong controversies last months about their safety. Conventional self-expandable stents with or without eluting drug, and vasculo-mimetic stents allow to treat very calcified lesions or dissected lesions through the recanalization procedure. This paper aims to review endovascular technical developments achieved last years to treat femoropopliteal arterial occlusive disease.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Doença Arterial Periférica , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
5.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 826-830, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120443

RESUMO

In recent years, stent implantation has played an important role in solving femoropopliteal artery disease. Because part of the femoropopliteal artery is at the level of the knee joint, the deformation of this segment of the artery is greater when the lower limbs are bent, and the stent fracture rate is higher. Studies have showed that the deformation of the femoropopliteal artery mainly includes bending, twisting, axial compression and radial compression. The selection of stents with mechanical properties suitable for the deformation of artery in different sections can reduce the risk of fracture. The commonly used clinical stent designs (classic laser engraving stent, braided stent and covered stent) have large differences in mechanical properties. Braided stents with higher radial support are more suitable for treating popliteal artery disease, while covered stent has good compliance and can be used in all segments. Of course, the existing types of stents cannot meet all mechanical requirements. The design of the new stent needs to be studied, and its clinical results need to be confirmed by research.


Assuntos
Prótese Vascular , Artéria Femoral , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea , Stents , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22500, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080684

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We report the youngest documented patient (38 years old) to develop an acute popliteal artery thrombus following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient presented for an elective TKA secondary to posttraumatic arthritis. Past medical history included a tibial plateau fracture, two knee arthroscopies and an elevated body mass index (37.53). A right TKA was performed with no intraoperative complications. Two hours postoperatively, the right foot was poikilothermic and lacking dorsalis pedal pulse. DIAGNOSIS: Popliteal artery thrombus confirmed by angiogram and venous duplex. INTERVENTIONS: Immediate vascular surgery consult and subsequent embolectomy. OUTCOMES: At 1 year postoperatively, the patient is doing well with no further complications. CONCLUSION: Due to the lack of significant past medical history putting this patient at risk, future research should focus on prior trauma, age, and BMI as risk factors, specifically in patients undergoing TKA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Artéria Poplítea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Trombose/etiologia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/cirurgia
7.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 102-108, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report own experience of endovascular interventions in patients with extended occlusive lesion (TASC II D) of the femoral-popliteal and tibial arteries and concomitant purulent-necrotic wounds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have analyzed literature data and own experience of endovascular interventions in patients with extended occlusive lesion (TASC II D) of the femoral-popliteal and tibial arteries and concomitant purulent-necrotic wounds. RESULTS: Endovascular strategy is preferable in a certain subgroup of patients with extended infrainguinal lesions. CONCLUSION: Considering own data, we assumed the need for routine correction of outflow pathways (simultaneous angioplasty of at least 2 tibial arteries). Primary results are encouraging, but further research is required.


Assuntos
Artérias/cirurgia , Necrose/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Humanos , Artéria Poplítea , Stents
8.
Rozhl Chir ; 99(8): 356-360, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032440

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The indications for popliteal artery aneurysm treatment are clear. In aneurysms with patent inflow and outflow arteries, the risk of peripheral embolisation from a mural thrombus is high and the treatment, mostly a vascular intervention, is focused on preventing this extremity-threatening complication. It is unclear, however, how high the risk of peripheral embolisation is and how to proceed with a patent popliteal artery aneurysm fed by the deep femoral artery when the superficial femoral artery is chronically occluded. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with popliteal artery aneurysm between 2015 and 2019 were searched in the database of the Department of Surgery II of University Hospital Olomouc. Patients with a patent popliteal artery aneurysm and chronic superficial femoral artery occlusion in the ipsilateral extremity were selected. RESULTS: We diagnosed 66 patients with 85 popliteal artery aneurysms. Four patients had a patent popliteal artery aneurysm and chronic superficial femoral artery occlusion in the ipsilateral extremity. In these patients, conservative treatment was indicated after the diagnosis was determined. In three patients, no clinically obvious complication of the popliteal artery aneurysm occurred. In one patient, popliteal artery aneurysm thrombosis occurred after a follow-up of 21 months, leading to a shortening of his calf claudication distance and limiting the patient. CONCLUSION: Our experience with this small group of patients shows the possibility of primary conservative treatment in patients with a patent popliteal artery aneurysm below the chronic superficial femoral artery occlusion site. Aneurysm thrombosis can be expected during follow-up. Patients in whom the thrombosis leads to limitations are indicated for surgical intervention. The risk of peripheral embolisation from the mural thrombus cannot be excluded with certainty. Further studies involving large groups of patients are needed to provide a more precise recommendation.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Trombose , Aneurisma/complicações , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia
9.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(9): 1410-1418.e10, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868016

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate sex-related disparities in long-term outcomes of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) treated with IN.PACT drug-coated balloon (DCB) or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A post hoc analysis of the IN.PACT SFA trial was performed. Participants with Rutherford Clinical Classification 2-4 PAD and femoropopliteal artery lesions up to 18 cm long were randomly assigned to treatment with DCB (n = 220) or PTA (n = 111). Effectiveness outcomes were evaluated, including 36-month primary patency (freedom from binary restenosis and freedom from clinically driven [CD] target lesion revascularization [TLR]). RESULTS: In the DCB group, women were significantly older (69.4 y ± 9.9) than men (66.4 y ± 9.1; P = .025). Mean reference vessel diameter (RVD) was significantly smaller in women (4.4 mm ± 0.68) compared with men (4.8 mm ± 0.89, P < .001). Primary patency was 65.4% in women and 71.8% in men (P = .302). Freedom from CD-TLR was 81.1% in women and 86.4% in men (P = .285). Women treated with PTA were older (70.4 y ± 8.3) than men (66.9 y ± 9.5; P = .063). Mean RVD was significantly smaller in women (4.2 mm ± 0.77) compared with men (4.9 mm ± 0.77, P < .001). Primary patency was 42.3% in women and 46.7% in men (P = .551). Freedom from CD-TLR was 59.4% in women and 75.5% in men (P = .109). No significant differences were noted in safety and mortality outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In both groups, women were older and had smaller vessels. Particularly in the PTA group, women had worse clinical outcomes, though not reaching statistical significance. Further evaluation is necessary to understand the disparate nature of disease progression and outcomes following endovascular treatment in women compared with men.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Artéria Femoral , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Método Simples-Cego , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21670, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an established and successful surgical procedure which is the major treatment for degenerative knee joint diseases. A novel technique to address posterior knee joint pain is the infiltration of local anesthetic between the interspace between the popliteal artery and capsule of the knee (IPACK). The goal of this randomized clinical trial was to assess the efficacy and safety of adding IPACK to adductor canal block (ACB) after TKA. METHODS: This was a prospectively randomized trial that investigated the effectiveness and safety of the IPACK after TKA. Approval from Clinical Studies Ethical Committee in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University was obtained. The inclusion criteria were adult patients undergoing primary unilateral TKA and American Society of Anesthesiologists grade 1 or 2 with normal cognitive function. The patients were randomized to 1 of 2 treatment options: ACB-alone group and ACB + IPACK group. The primary outcome was the total morphine consumption during postoperative 24 hours. Secondary outcomes included postoperative pain score, time to first and total dosage of rescue morphine in postoperative 48 hours, early and late postoperative period (from postoperative day 0-3 months follow-up) performance-based test (Timed-Up and Go test, and quadriceps strength). Postoperative nausea and vomiting, length of hospital stay, patient satisfaction, and other adverse events were also evaluated. RESULTS: It was hypothesized that when combined with a control group, the IPACK block would result in a lower morphine consumption and pain score after TKA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5765).


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Morfina/administração & dosagem , Artéria Poplítea , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Método Simples-Cego
11.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 47: e20202481, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endovascular treatment for femoropopliteal arterial disease has made revascularization procedures less invasive, but the self-expanding stents used can suffer great wear in arteries with extreme mobility. To evaluate the prevalence of fractures in stents implanted in the femoropopliteal segment, to identify predisposing factors and consequences on arterial patency. METHOD: between March and June 2019, thirty patients previously operated for femoropopliteal obstruction underwent stent X-rays in anteroposterior and lateral views to detect fractures and Doppler to analyze arterial patency. RESULTS: we observed 12 cases with fractures (33.3%): 1 type I (2.8%), 3 type II (8.3%), 5 type III (13.9%), 3 type IV (8.3%) and no type V. According to the TASC II we had 1 in group B (8.3%), 6 in group C (50%) and 5 in group D (41.6%) p <0.004. The number of stents per limb was 3.1 (± 1.3) in cases of fracture versus 2.3 (± 1.3) in cases without fracture (p = 0.08). The extension was 274.17mm (± 100.94) in cases of fracture and 230.83mm (± 135.44) in cases without fracture (p = 0.29). On Doppler we had: 17 patients (47.2%) without stenosis, 9 patients (25%) with stenosis> 50% and 10 patients (27.8%) with occlusion (p = 0.37). There was no correlation between fracture and arterial obstruction (p = 0.33). CONCLUSION: stent fractures are a frequent finding in the femoropopliteal area (33.3%), being more prevalent in cases of more advanced disease (C and D). There was no association between the finding of fracture and arterial obstruction.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Doença Arterial Periférica , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Falha de Prótese , Stents , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Humanos , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Prevalência , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
12.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 325-329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982261

RESUMO

Lumivascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel adjunct in the field of medicine. It offers clear real-time imaging of artery walls before and during endovascular intervention. This study reports our initial experience on the use of lumivascular OCT-guided atherectomy in the management of two patients with recurrent restenosis in their femoropopliteal arteries associated with in-stent restenosis. Endovascular procedures were successful with a Pantheris atherectomy device (Avinger, Redwood City, CA, USA) and drug-eluting balloons. The OCT images clearly distinguished normal anatomy from plaque pathology, were of great advantage in both the accurate diagnosis and treatment of target lesions, and may reduce radiation during the endovascular procedure. However, the price of the device and its need for contrast infusion limit its routine clinical use.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aterectomia , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/instrumentação , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(10): 1661-1667, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921564

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using the Rotarex catheter combined with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in treatment of femoropopliteal artery occlusive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2016 and February 2018, 81 patients with acute or subacute femoropopliteal artery occlusions were treated with the Rotarex catheter combined with DCB. Lesions were classified according to the onset of symptoms as acutely (< 14 d) or subacutely (14 d to 3 mo) occluded. The mean lesion length was 12.1 cm ± 6.7. The primary endpoint was target lesion patency at 1 year as evaluated by duplex ultrasound (peak systolic velocity ratio < 2.4) and freedom from clinically indicated target lesion revascularization. Amputation rate, major adverse events, and ankle-brachial index at 12 months were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical success rate was 100% (n = 81). Bailout stents were necessary in 14 patients owing to residual stenosis or flow-limiting dissection. Additional thrombolysis was applied in 10 interventions. No major adverse events occurred during hospital stay. There were 9 restenosis cases during the 12-month follow-up period. Primary patency rate was 87.3% (62/71), and freedom from target lesion revascularization rate was 90.1% (64/71). Ankle-brachial index significantly increased from 0.46 ± 0.15 to 0.77 ± 0.14 during follow-up. The amputation rate was 1.4% at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: These initial data from 2 centers suggest that the combination of the Rotarex catheter and DCB may be safe and effective for treatment of acute or subacute thrombotic femoropopliteal occlusion with superior immediate and midterm results achieved.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Artéria Femoral , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Trombectomia , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Pequim , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
16.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 687-695, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Global Vascular Guideline on chronic limb threatening ischaemia (CLTI) has introduced the Global Limb Anatomic Staging System (GLASS) as a new angiographic scoring system. However, the relationship between GLASS and outcomes following revascularisation has not previously been studied. METHODS: Using pre-intervention angiograms the relationship between GLASS and immediate technical failure (ITF), amputation free survival (AFS), limb salvage (LS), overall survival (OS), and freedom from major adverse limb events (FF-MALE) was examined in 377 patients undergoing endovascular therapy (EVT, n = 213) or bypass surgery (BS, n = 164) in the Bypass versus Angioplasty in Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL)-1 trial (randomised 1999-2004). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in GLASS between cohorts. There was a significant relationship between ITF and GLASS in EVT (I 14%, II 15%, III 28%, p = .049). GLASS was significantly related to AFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.37; 95% CI 1.01-1.85; p = .042), LS (HR 1.96; 95 % CI 1.12-3.43; p = .018), and FF-MALE (HR 1.49; 95% CI 1.04-1.87; p = .028) in the EVT cohort. In BS patients, there was no relationship between GLASS and these outcomes. FF-MALE was significantly worse after EVT than BS in GLASS II (p = .038) and III (p = .001). Among the subgroup of patients with femoropopliteal (FP) disease (BS, n = 109 or EVT, n = 159), FF-MALE was significantly higher after BS than EVT (p < .001). The superiority of BS over EVT with increasing GLASS FP grade was greater in the analysis of patients using vein grafts. CONCLUSION: In the BASIL-1 cohort, GLASS is associated with outcomes following EVT but not BS. Although further validation in contemporary CLTI cohorts is required, GLASS seems likely be useful in shared decision making and for stratifying patients in future trials.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/patologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/patologia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/patologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/patologia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 721-729, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) is the second most common arterial aneurysm. Vascunet is an international collaboration of vascular registries. The aim was to study treatment and outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively registered population based data. Fourteen countries contributed data (Australia, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Malta, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Serbia, Sweden, and Switzerland). RESULTS: During 2012-2018, data from 10 764 PAA repairs were included. Mean values with between countries ranges in parenthesis are given. The incidence was 10.4 cases/million inhabitants/year (2.4-19.3). The mean age was 71.3 years (66.8-75.3). Most patients, 93.3%, were men and 40.0% were active smokers. The operations were elective in 73.2% (60.0%-85.7%). The mean pre-operative PAA diameter was 32.1 mm (27.3-38.3 mm). Open surgery dominated in both elective (79.5%) and acute (83.2%) cases. A medial surgical approach was used in 77.7%, and posterior in 22.3%. Vein grafts were used in 63.8%. Of the emergency procedures, 91% (n = 2 169, 20.2% of all) were for acute thrombosis and 9% for rupture (n = 236, 2.2% of all). Thrombosis patients had larger aneurysms, mean diameter 35.5 mm, and 46.3% were active smokers. Early amputation and death were higher after acute presentation than after elective surgery (5.0% vs. 0.7%; 1.9% vs. 0.5%). This pattern remained one year after surgery (8.5% vs. 1.0%; 6.1% vs. 1.4%). Elective open compared with endovascular surgery had similar one year amputation rates (1.2% vs. 0.2%; p = .095) but superior patency (84.0% vs. 78.4%; p = .005). Veins had higher patency and lower amputation rates, at one year compared with synthetic grafts (86.8% vs. 72.3%; 1.8% vs. 5.2%; both p < .001). The posterior open approach had a lower amputation rate (0.0% vs. 1.6%, p = .009) than the medial approach. CONCLUSION: Patients presenting with acute ischaemia had high risk of amputation. The frequent use of endovascular repair and prosthetic grafts should be reconsidered based on these results.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Artéria Poplítea/patologia , Trombose/cirurgia , Doença Aguda/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Aneurisma/complicações , Aneurisma/epidemiologia , Aneurisma/patologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Carga Global da Doença , Humanos , Incidência , Isquemia/epidemiologia , Isquemia/etiologia , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/epidemiologia , Trombose/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/métodos , Enxerto Vascular/estatística & dados numéricos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
18.
Am Heart J ; 227: 100-106, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: New antithrombotic strategies that reduce primary thrombosis and restenosis might improve vascular outcomes in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing arterial angioplasty. The study objective is to evaluate the potential benefit of apixaban plus aspirin compared with standard of care dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in reducing thrombotic restenosis and artery re-occlusion in patients undergoing endovascular infrapopliteal revascularization. STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter, parallel-group, prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint adjudication, proof-of-concept, exploratory trial aims to randomize 200 patients 72 hours after successful infrapopliteal angioplasty for critical limb ischemia (CLI). Patients will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive oral apixaban (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) for 12 months or clopidogrel (75 mg daily) for at least 3 months on a background of aspirin (100 mg once daily) for 12 months. The primary endpoint is the composite of target lesion revascularization (TLR), major amputation, or restenosis/occlusion (RAS) in addition to major adverse cardiovascular events - MACE (myocardial infarction, stroke or cardiovascular death) at 12 months. The primary safety endpoint is the composite of major bleeding or clinically relevant non-major bleeding at 12 months. SUMMARY: This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of apixaban 2.5 mg twice daily plus aspirin compared with DAPT (clopidogrel plus aspirin) in patients with CLI undergoing endovascular infrapopliteal revascularization and might prove the concept of an alternative antithrombotic regimen for these patients to be tested in a future large randomized clinical trial.


Assuntos
Angioplastia , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Isquemia/cirurgia , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Angioplastia/métodos , Estado Terminal , Inibidores do Fator Xa , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Artéria Poplítea , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(2): H468-H480, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648821

RESUMO

Prolonged sitting, which is known to impair peripheral vascular function, often occurs in spaces (e.g., offices) with mild hypercapnic atmospheres. However, the effects of prolonged sitting in hypercapnic conditions on vascular function are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of prolonged sitting in mild hypercapnic conditions on vascular and autonomic function in humans. Twelve healthy young adults participated in two experimental visits that consisted of sitting for 2.5 h in a control condition [normal atmospheric conditions sitting (PSIT)] or a mild hypercapnic condition (HCAP; CO2 = 1,500 ppm). During each visit, heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure (BP), pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx), brachial and popliteal artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) were assessed before and after prolonged sitting. Sitting significantly decreased AIx in both groups (P < 0.05). Brachial and popliteal FMD were reduced with sitting (P < 0.05), and the reduction in popliteal FMD was amplified by HCAP (P < 0.05). Baseline microvascular oxygenation was decreased following sitting in both groups (P < 0.05). However, microvascular reoxygenation upon cuff release was slower only in HCAP (P < 0.05). HRV, HR, BP, and PWV did not significantly change with sitting in either group (P > 0.05). We conclude that prolonged sitting attenuated both brachial and popliteal endothelial function and was associated with perturbed microcirculation. Additionally, mild hypercapnic conditions further impaired peripheral endothelial and microvascular function. Together, these findings suggest that prolonged sitting is accompanied by a host of deleterious effects on the vasculature, which are exacerbated by mild hypercapnia.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The results of this study reveal that prolonged sitting attenuates endothelial function and microvascular function. Additionally, prolonged sitting with mild hypercapnia, which is similar to everyday environments, further exacerbates peripheral endothelial function and microvascular function.


Assuntos
Artéria Braquial/inervação , Hemodinâmica , Hipercapnia/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/inervação , Postura Sentada , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Pressão Arterial , Artéria Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipercapnia/sangue , Hipercapnia/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Microcirculação , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores de Tempo , Rigidez Vascular , Adulto Jovem
20.
Am J Cardiol ; 128: 181-188, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650917

RESUMO

Endovascular interventions are commonly utilized for treatment of femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease. The relative efficacy of these interventions remains unclear. A Bayesian network meta-analysis was performed comparing 5 endovascular treatment modalities: balloon angioplasty (BA), bare metal stent (BMS), covered stent (CS), drug-coated balloon (DCB), drug-eluting stent (DES) for femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease. The primary efficacy end points were freedom from target lesion revascularization (TLR) and primary patency at 12 months. BA was the reference treatment. Twenty-two trials including 4,381 participants provided data on TLR. Sixteen trials including 3,691 participants provided data on primary patency. Point estimates for DCB suggested that it was the most efficacious treatment for freedom from TLR (odds ratio [OR] 4.23; 95% credible intervals [CrI] 2.43 to 7.66) followed by CS (OR 3.65; 95% CrI 1.11 to 12.55), DES (OR 2.64; 95% CrI 0.72 to 9.77), and BMS (OR 2.3; 95% CrI 1.11 to 4.76). Similarly, point estimates for primary patency were highest with DES (OR 8.93; 95% CrI 3.04, 27.14) followed by CS (OR 3.91; 95% CrI 1.18, 13.84), DCB (OR 3.32; 95% CrI 1.8, 6.25), and BMS (OR 3.5; 95% CrI 1.58, 7.99). In conclusion, DCB has the lowest need for TLR whereas DES has the highest primary patency rate. DCB, CS, and BMS were associated with significant reductions in TLR compared with BA, whereas DCB, DES, CS, and BMS were associated with significantly improved primary patency compared with BA.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Teorema de Bayes , Stents Farmacológicos , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov , Método de Monte Carlo , Metanálise em Rede , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
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