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1.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(4): 361-366, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541256

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter arterial embolization is the first-line treatment for visceral artery pseudoaneurysms (VAPAs); however, the intraprocedural rupture of pseudoaneurysms is an important complication. The present study was performed to evaluate the safety of embolization for VAPAs, including the incidence of intraprocedural rupture. METHODS: Among 56 consecutive patients with 57 VAPAs who underwent treatment between April 2009 and October 2020, 46 patients with 47 VAPAs underwent embolization. Complications related to embolization including intraprocedural rupture, the technical success rate, and clinical outcomes were evaluated. Complications that required extended hospitalization, an advanced level of care, or resulted in permanent adverse sequelae or death were classified as major complications, while the remainder were considered to be minor. Technical success was defined as the completion of embolization. RESULTS: The intraprocedural rupture of pseudoaneurysms occurred in 3 out of 47 VAPAs treated with embolization (6%) and resulted in minor complications. One liver abscess requiring drainage was regarded as a major complication (2%). Focal infarction after embolization was observed as a minor complication in 20 cases. Complications occurred in 24 out of 47 cases (51%), comprising one major complication (2%) and 23 minor complications (48%). The technical success rate was 100% (47/47). Fifty-three out of 56 patients (95%) were alive in a median follow-up period of 18 months (range: 2 days-137 months). CONCLUSIONS: Embolization is safe and useful for the treatment of VAPAs; however, the intraprocedural rupture of pseudoaneurysms may occur, and, thus, care is needed during this procedure.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto/epidemiologia , Aneurisma/terapia , Artérias , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Vísceras/irrigação sanguínea , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Roto/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 78: 58-68, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582146

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Non-contrast-enhanced (CE) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) techniques are of considerable interest for diagnosing vascular diseases in the upper extremities owing to the possibility of repeated examinations, sufficient coverage of the measurement volume, and because possible side effects of administering iodine- or gadolinium-based contrast agents and radiation exposure can be avoided. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of an optimized electrocardiogram (ECG) triggered Cartesian quiescent interval slice selective (QISS) technique for MRA of hand arteries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Both hands of 20 healthy volunteers (HVs) were examined using an optimized QISS-MRA pulse sequence at 1.5 Tesla. The wrist and hand arterial trees were divided into 36 segments. Cross-sectional areas (CSA) of all arterial segments were measured. For the technical evaluation of the pulse sequence, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were computed and six imaging artifacts were graded. Two experienced observers used an ordinal scoring system to assess the image quality of each arterial segment. Interobserver agreement was determined. RESULTS: The median CSA was 7.3 mm2 in the ulnar and radial artery, 3.2 mm2 in the four common digital arteries, and 1.5 mm2 in five proper digital arteries. The median SNR and CNR of the third common proper arteries were 45.9 and 20.3, respectively. None of the arterial segments were contaminated by venous enhancement. The image quality of arterial segments for both hands was considered as diagnostic in 87.2% of all 1440 segments. An interobserver agreement of 0.67 for both hands was determined for image quality of arterial segments using a five-grade scoring system. Optimized QISS-MRA allows as the first MRA technique the classification of superficial palmar arch (SPA) and deep palmar arch (DPA) variants. 5 new SPA and 6 new DPA variants could be classified using QISS-MRA in comparison with previous studies using CE computed tomography angiography and using fixed cadaver hands. CONCLUSIONS: By using this optimized 2D Cartesian QISS-MRA protocol, contrast agent-free angiography of the wrist and hand arteries provided a high in-plane spatial resolution and an excellent visualization of small digital arteries.


Assuntos
Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste , Mãos/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Mãos/irrigação sanguínea , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Punho/irrigação sanguínea
3.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1121): 20201276, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617294

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of whole-body dual-energy computed tomographic angiography (DECTA) at 40 keV with 50% reduced iodine dose protocol. METHODS: Whole-body CTA was performed in 65 patients; 31 of these patients underwent 120 kVp single-energy computed tomographic angiography (SECTA) with standard iodine dose (600 mgI/kg) and 34 with 40 keV DECTA with 50% reduced iodine dose (300 mgI/kg). SECTA data were reconstructed with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction of 40% (SECTA group), and DECTA data were reconstructed with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction of 40% (DECTA-40% group) and 80% (DECTA-80% group). CT numbers of the thoracic and abdominal aorta, iliac artery, background noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and arterial depiction were compared among the three groups. The CT dose index volumes (CTDIvol) for the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis were compared between SECTA and DECTA protocols. RESULTS: The vascular CT numbers and background noise were found to be significantly higher in DECTA groups than in the SECTA group (p < 0.001). SNR was significantly higher in the order corresponding to DECTA-80%, SECTA, and DECTA-40% (p < 0.001). The arterial depiction was comparable in almost all arteries; however, intrapelvic arterial depiction was significantly worse in DECTA groups than in the SECTA group (p < 0.0001-0.017). Unlike the pelvic region (p = 0.055), CTDIvol for the thorax (p < 0.0001) and abdomen (p = 0.0031) were significantly higher in the DECTA protocol than in the SECTA protocol. CONCLUSION: DECTA at 40 keV with 50% reduced iodine dose provided higher vascular CT numbers and SNR than SECTA, and almost comparable arterial depiction, but had a degraded intrapelvic arterial depiction and required a larger radiation dose. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: DECTA enables 50% reduction of iodine dose while maintaining image quality, arterial depiction in almost all arteries, vascular CT numbers, and SNR; however, it does not allow clear visualization of intrapelvic arteries, requiring a slightly larger radiation dose compared with SECTA with standard iodine dose.


Assuntos
Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Iodo/administração & dosagem , Imagem Radiográfica a Partir de Emissão de Duplo Fóton/métodos , Abdome/irrigação sanguínea , Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pelve/irrigação sanguínea , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagens de Fantasmas , Estudos Prospectivos , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação/análise , Razão Sinal-Ruído
4.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 26(1): 96-99, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559573

RESUMO

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common type of entrapment neuropathy. The majority of CTS cases are idiopathic and affect females between 40 and 60 years old. Conversely, this report describes two female patients in their mid-30's diagnosed with CTS caused by a median artery in the carpal tunnel using ultrasonography. We visualized the median artery which emerged from the radial artery and common interosseous artery in the proximal forearm of each patient by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) before surgery. After the vertical incision of the transverse carpal ligament, the anomalous vessel was encountered, which ran over the median nerve at the radial aspect, and a simple mini-open procedure was performed for carpal tunnel release. Postoperatively, the CTS symptoms were relieved in both patients. The purpose of this report is to describe the persistent median artery using MRA in two patients and to report on their postoperative mini-open carpal tunnel release outcomes.


Assuntos
Artérias/anormalidades , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/etiologia , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Adulto , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Nervo Mediano/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ultrassonografia
5.
Med Clin North Am ; 105(2): 311-324, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589105

RESUMO

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) and polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) are considered 2 diseases on the same spectrum due to their many underlying similarities. In recent years, both diseases have witnessed both diagnostic and treatment advances, which shaped the way we manage them. In this article, the authors focus on different diagnostic modalities in GCA as well as the presence of different clinical phenotypes and the role of screening for aortic involvement. The authors also discuss traditional treatments and the role of evolving steroid-sparing agents in the management of both GCA and PMR.


Assuntos
Arterite de Células Gigantes , Polimialgia Reumática , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Gerenciamento Clínico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/diagnóstico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/terapia , Humanos , Polimialgia Reumática/diagnóstico , Polimialgia Reumática/terapia
6.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 78: 1-6, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486082

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Enhanced acceleration selective arterial spin labeling (eAccASL) was introduced as non-enhanced and non-gated magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). This technique has not been applied to hand MRA. The objective of this study was to optimize the eAccASL for MRA of the hands and to investigate the factors for MRA visibility of the hands. METHODS: Twenty healthy volunteers were examined on a 1.5 T MR system. To evaluate arterial visualization, we compared four different acceleration-encoding (AENC) values (i.e., 0.12, 0.29, 0.58, and 0.87 m/s2). Image quality score regarding the MRA depiction of the proximal artery (range, 0-10), the distal artery (0-5), and venous contamination (0-5) was evaluated by three radiologists. We measured the peak to peak arterial blood flow velocity (Vpp) measured by phase contrast cine MRI and hand temperature as the factors for arterial visualization. Qualitative scores were compared with Friedman's tests. Spearman's correlation of qualitative scores with Vpp and hand temperature was performed to analyze influencing factors. RESULTS: For the distal arterial depiction, scores at AENC 0.12 (median, 9.0) and AENC 0.29 (8.0) were significantly better (both P < 0.0001) than those at AENC 0.87 (5.5). For the proximal arterial depiction, scores at AENC 0.12 (2.25) and AENC 0.29 (2.0) were significantly better (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01, respectively) than those at AENC 0.87 (1.5). Conversely, venous contamination scores at AENC 0.12 (3.0) and AENC 0.29 (3.0) were significantly worse (both P < 0.0001) than those at AENC 0.87 (4.0). There were significantly negative correlations between venous contamination and Vpp at AENC 0.12 (ρ = -0.56, P = 0.01), and 0.29 (ρ = -0.68, P = 0.001), whereas hand temperatures were not significantly correlated with scores (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: eAccASL MRA of the hands was optimized by using low AENC values (0.12-0.29 m/s2). Venous contamination may increase with elevation of arterial blood flow.


Assuntos
Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Mãos/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Marcadores de Spin , Aceleração , Adulto , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Mãos/irrigação sanguínea , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 17: 13-21, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33488084

RESUMO

Purpose: Abdominal arteries differ from the arteries located at the extremities in histological composition and clinical features. This study investigated the distributional pattern of atherosclerosis in arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities and its association with clinical and hematologic factors. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included 227 patients with atherosclerosis who underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the abdomen and lower extremities. The distributional pattern of atherosclerosis was categorized into type 1 (suprainguinal elastic), type 2 (infrainguinal muscular), and type 3 (both arterial involvement). Chi-square tests, Mann-Whitney U-tests, and logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the data. Results: Of the 227 patients, 132 (58%) had type 1 and 95 (42%) had type 3 atherosclerosis. None had type 2. Older age, heavier smoking, and higher levels of HbA1c and homocysteine were the significant risk factors for type 3 atherosclerosis (odds ratio: 1.076, 1.023, 1.426, and 1.130, respectively). Patients with type 3 showed significantly lower right and left ankle and toe brachial indices compared to type 1 (P: 0.029, 0.023, 0.003, and <0.001, respectively). Conclusion: In arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities, atherosclerosis may occur initially at suprainguinal elastic arteries. In addition, the significant risk factors for type 3 atherosclerosis may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis at infrainguinal muscular arteries and deteriorate the peripheral arterial circulation. Therefore, if atherosclerotic lesions are found at the suprainguinal elastic arteries on CTA, to prevent atherosclerosis at infrainguinal muscular arteries and subsequent peripheral arterial ischemic disease, cessation of smoking and control of blood glucose and homocysteine may be recommended, especially in elderly patients.


Assuntos
Abdome/irrigação sanguínea , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 75: 116-123, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987123

RESUMO

Development of a deterministic algorithm for automated detection of the Arterial Input Function (AIF) in DCE-MRI of colorectal cancer. Using a filter pipeline to determine the AIF region of interest. Comparison to algorithms from literature with mean squared error and quantitative perfusion parameter Ktrans. The AIF found by our algorithm has a lower mean squared error (0.0022 ±â€¯0.0021) in reference to the manual annotation than comparable algorithms. The error of Ktrans (21.52 ±â€¯17.2%) is lower than that of other algorithms. Our algorithm generates reproducible results and thus supports a robust and comparable perfusion analysis.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias/fisiopatologia , Circulação Sanguínea , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/fisiopatologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Automação , Meios de Contraste , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 26(3): 9-15, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063747

RESUMO

Embologenic arterial obstruction remains an extremely important problem of modern medicine. Emboli may affect virtually all arterial vessels of the greater circulation and in some cases arterial emboli may be multiple. The purpose of the present study was to work out a classification of multiple arterial emboli. Analysing the clinical material including over 30 years a total of 1804 patients with embolism of the aorta and major arteries of the limbs made it possible to define the range of the terms used and to submit for discussion a classification describing a situation where emboli affect simultaneously several arteries or occur repeatedly. Both cases involve several emboli migrating from the primary source into the arterial bed, therefore we suggest that all these emboli be called multiple. Simultaneous multiple emboli were classified as combined, multifocal, and layered, with repeated emboli classified as preceding, recurrent, early and remote. Simultaneous emboli were observed in 91 (5%) patients, of these, in 22 - combined, in 49 - multifocal, in 19 - layered, and in 1 case - combined and multifocal. Repeated emboli were revealed at various terms and encountered virtually in each third patient. Overall mortality amongst the patients with embolism of the aorta and arteries of the limbs over 30 years amounted to 13%, having over the last decade decreased to 7.6%. Multiple arterial emboli significantly influenced the outcomes of treatment, with the mortality rate in combined emboli increasing virtually to 50% and that in multifocal and layered emboli exceeding 20% (p<0.05). Early recurrent emboli in the postoperative period were observed in 6.8% of patients, significantly deteriorating the prognosis (mortality - 49.2%). In the remote period, 22.4% of the patients were operated on for recurrent embolism of arteries of the extremities, with more than 25% of the patients having experienced emboli of cerebral or visceral arteries. Recurrent thromboembolic complications played a significant role in the thanatogenesis in each 4th patient.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Embolia , Aorta , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia/complicações , Embolia/diagnóstico , Extremidades , Humanos
12.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1221-1228, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913160

RESUMO

Background: : Vascular injuries are commonly seen in both emergency services and forensic medicine practise. They are often life-threatening, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Aims: This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate extremity vascular injuries and the associated treatment approaches. Methods: After obtaining approval from the ethics committee of the university, those patients admitted to the emergency department of Adiyaman between 1 February 2013 and 31 August 2018 were included in this study. The patients' data were obtained through the electronic records system, and the cases were evaluated according to the age, gender and cause of injury, including blunt force trauma injuries (accidents, traffic accidents, crush injuries and occupational accidents) and penetrating injuries (stabbing, gunshot wounds, suicide attempts and assaults). Additionally, the injuries were evaluated based on the extremity, according to the anatomical location and whether the injury was life-threatening. Results: This study included 76 patients with extremity vascular injuries; 65 were males (85.52%), 11 were females (14.48%) and their average age was 33.24 ± 15.85 years. Forty-five (59.2%) of the patients had upper extremity vascular injuries, and 31 (40.3%) had lower extremity vascular injuries. In addition to arterial injuries, 26 (34.21%) of the patients had venous injuries and 22 (28.94%) had nerve injuries. Nine of these patients had neurological deficits due to their nerve injuries. All of the patients were revascularized within 3-5 hours, and none of the patients required amputations. Conclusion: The primary goals in extremity vessel injury cases are to prevent mortality, especially after major vascular injuries, and save the extremity from amputation. With a fast, effective and multi-disciplinary approach, an accurate diagnosis and effective surgical intervention can prevent morbidity and mortality as well as reduce the rate of undesirable complications.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/lesões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidentes de Trânsito , Adolescente , Adulto , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias/lesões , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Extremidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/complicações , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/epidemiologia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Med Vasc ; 45(5): 241-247, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862980

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The persistent sciatic artery (PSA) is a rare congenital anomaly with a high rate of aneurysm formation, occlusion and stenosis. It may lead to severe complications including thrombosis, distal embolisation, or aneurysm rupture. We reported herein our experience in the management of PSA and its complications, and discuss the therapeutic options. METHODS: Eight patients with 10 PSA were managed in our institutions between 1985 and 2017. An analysis was done for the clinical data, surgical technique, and results. RESULTS: The series included six women and two men. The median age of the patients was 66,5 years (37-80 years). Physical examination found a pulsatile gluteal mass in five patients, sciatic neuropathy in two cases. Four patients had an acute ischemia of the lower limb. Cowie's sign was described in only two patients (diminished or absent femoral pulse but presence of popliteal pulse). Digital subtraction angiography was performed in all patients, and was completed with a computed tomography angiography (CTA) with a diagnosis of PSA, associated with a symptomatic aneurysmal lesion in seven cases and with an occlusion in one case. The treatment was surgical in all cases: bipolar exclusion of the aneurysm and bypass between the iliac artery and the PSA distal to the aneurysm was performed in four cases, only proximal and distal ligation was done in 2 other cases. A Chopart amputation was necessary in 2 cases. CONCLUSION: We consider that the treatment of PSA is usually surgical in symptomatic cases. Surgical techniques depend on symptoms and classification describing anatomy of the PSA. However, future studies should compare the open versus the endovascular approach to optimize patient selection criteria and identify the most safe and effective strategy. In an asymptomatic patient, PSA does not require any intervention; continued follow-up is required because of the high incidence of aneurysmal formation and the risk of thromboembolic events.


Assuntos
Artérias/anormalidades , Isquemia/etiologia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/etiologia , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/cirurgia , Ligadura , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular , Malformações Vasculares/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(8): 1272-1280, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741552

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of repeat prostatic artery (PA) embolization (PAE) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was conducted from 2009 to 2018 in 108 patients with symptomatic BPH treated with repeat PAE: group A (n = 39; 36.1%) were patients who never showed a response to PAE, and group B (n = 69; 63.9%) were patients who had clinical improvement in the first 6 months following PAE but relapsing symptoms afterward. The main patterns of revascularization were 75% from the previously embolized PA and 25% from collateral vessels (superior vesical, posterior-lateral PA, penile branches). Technical outcomes and adverse events were registered. International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QOL), and clinical success were compared between groups. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 18 months (range, 1-36 mo); median interval between PAE and repeat PAE was 420 days (range, 77-2,240 d). Mean procedural time was significantly longer for repeat PAE vs initial PAE (81.1 min vs 67.4 min; P = .0007). There were no major complications and no urinary incontinence. Mean IPSS/QOL improvements were greater in group B vs group A: 9.51 vs 6.13 and 1.30 vs 0.56, respectively (P < .001). The cumulative probability of clinical success after repeat PAE was higher in group B than in group A (P = .0001): 84.1% vs 46.2% at 1 month, 56.7% vs 28.2% at 12 months, and 51.9% vs 16.9% at 24-36 months. CONCLUSIONS: Repeat PAE is safe and effective for recurrence of lower urinary tract symptoms caused by BPH but has limited impact in patients who did not show a response to initial PAE.


Assuntos
Artérias , Embolização Terapêutica , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Idoso , Angiografia Digital , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236196, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dynamic CT angiography (dCTA) contrast extravasation, known as the "dynamic spot sign", can predict hematoma expansion (HE) in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Recent reports suggest the phase of spot sign appearance is related to the magnitude of HE. We used dCTA to explore the association between the phase of spot sign appearance and HE, clinical outcome, and contrast extravasation rates. METHODS: We assessed consecutive patients who presented with primary ICH within 4.5 hours from symptom onset who underwent a standardized dCTA protocol and were spot sign positive. The independent variable was the phase of spot sign appearance. The primary outcome was significant HE (either 6 mL or 33% growth). Secondary outcomes included total absolute HE, mortality, and discharge mRS. Mann-Whitney U, Fisher's exact test, and logistic regression were used, as appropriate. RESULTS: Of the 35 patients with spot signs, 27/35 (77%) appeared in the arterial phase and 8/35 (23%) appeared in the venous phase. Thirty patients had follow-up CT scans. Significant HE was seen in 14/23 (60.87%) and 3/7 (42.86%) of arterial and venous cohorts, respectively (p = 0.67). The sensitivity and specificity in predicting significant HE were 82% and 31% for the arterial phase and 18% and 69% for the venous phase, respectively. There was a non-significant trend towards greater total HE, in-hospital mortality, and discharge mRS of 4-6 in the arterial spot sign cohort. Arterial spot signs demonstrated a higher median contrast extravasation rate (0.137 mL/min) compared to venous spot signs (0.109 mL/min). CONCLUSION: Our exploratory analyses suggest that spot sign appearance in the arterial phase may be more likely associated with HE and poorer prognosis in ICH. This may be related to higher extravasation rates of arterial phase spot signs. However, further studies with larger sample sizes are warranted to confirm the findings.


Assuntos
Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Hemorragia Cerebral/mortalidade , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Extravasamento de Materiais Terapêuticos e Diagnósticos/diagnóstico , Hematoma/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico , Cérebro/irrigação sanguínea , Cérebro/diagnóstico por imagem , Extravasamento de Materiais Terapêuticos e Diagnósticos/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hematoma/etiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21048, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664117

RESUMO

A number of studies have evaluated the variable courses of facial artery. However, the results of these differed substantially from each other so not consistent relationships have yet been established. There has also yet to be a relevant study using conventional angiography.We assessed the variant branching pattern of the facial artery and its branches using conventional angiography.Two radiologists retrospectively reviewed 284 cases of angiographies of the external carotid artery in 198 patients. The courses of the facial artery and infraorbital branch of the maxillary artery were classified into 4 types and 2 types, according to the end branch.Among 284 cases of facial artery, type 1 (angular branch) made up 104 cases (36.6%), type 2 (lateral nasal branch) made up 138 cases (48.6%), type 3 (superior labial branch) made up 24 cases (8.5%), and type 4 (inferior labial branch) made up 18 cases (6.3%).Regarding the 284 total cases of maxillary artery, 163 cases (57.4%) had anastomosis with the angular artery or extended to the territory of the angular artery. In addition, 121 cases (42.6%) had nothing done in regard to the angular artery.The results may be helpful for avoiding complications related to facial and maxillary arteries during facial surgeries and cosmetic procedures.


Assuntos
Artérias/anatomia & histologia , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Face/irrigação sanguínea , Face/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia , Artérias Carótidas/anatomia & histologia , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Artéria Maxilar/anatomia & histologia , Artéria Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Nariz/irrigação sanguínea , Nariz/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234861, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603330

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the cardiac, renal and uterine physiological hemodynamic changes during gestation are altered in rats with an early and prolonged exposure to a high fat diet (HFD). METHODS: Arterial pressure and cardiac, renal, uterine and radial arteries hemodynamic changes during gestation were examined in adult SD rats exposed to normal (13%) (n = 8) or high (60%) (n = 8) fat diets from weaning. Plethysmography, high-resolution high-frequency ultrasonography and clearance of an inulin analog were used to evaluate the arterial pressure and hemodynamic changes before and at days 7, 14 and 19 of gestation. RESULTS: Arterial pressure was higher (P<0.05) in rats with high than in those with normal (NFD) fat diet before pregnancy (123 ±3 and 110 ±3 mmHg, respectively) and only decreased at day 14 of gestation in rats with NFD (98±4 mmHg, P<0.05). A significant increment in stroke volume (42 ±10%) and cardiac output (51 ±12%) was found at day 19 of pregnancy in rats with NFD. The changes in stroke volume and cardiac output were similar in rats with NFD and HFD. When compared to the values obtained before pregnancy, a transitory elevation in renal blood flow was found at day 14 of pregnancy in both groups. However, glomerular filtration rate only increased (P<0.05) in rats with NFD at days 14 (20 ±7%) and 19 (27 ±8%) of gestation. The significant elevations of mean velocity, and velocity time integral throughout gestation in radial (127 ±26% and 111 ±23%, respectively) and uterine (91 ±16% and 111 ±25%, respectively) arteries of rats with NFD were not found in rats with an early and prolonged HFD. SUMMARY: This study reports novel findings showing that the early and prolonged exposure to a HFD leads to a significant impairment in the renal, uterine and radial arteries hemodynamic changes associated to gestation.


Assuntos
Artérias/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Modelos Animais , Gravidez , Ratos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Ultrassonografia , Útero/irrigação sanguínea , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Ultrasonics ; 108: 106200, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521337

RESUMO

The ability to assess likelihood of plaque rupture can determine the course of treatment in coronary artery disease. One indicator of plaque vulnerability is the development of blood vessels within the plaque, or intraplaque neovascularization. In order to visualize these vessels with increased sensitivity in the cardiac catheterization lab, a new approach for imaging blood flow in small vessels using side-viewing intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is proposed. This approach based on compounding adjacent angular acquisitions was evaluated in tissue mimicking phantoms and ex vivo vessels. In phantom studies, the Doppler CNR increased from 3.3 ± 1.0 to 13 ± 2.6 (conventional clutter filtering) and from 1.9 ± 0.15 to 7.5 ± 1.1 (SVD filtering) as a result of applying angular compounding. When imaging flow at a rate of 5.6 mm/s in 200 µm tubes adjacent to the lumen of ex vivo porcine arteries, the Doppler CNR increased from 5.3 ± 0.95 to 7.2 ± 1.3 (conventional filtering) and from 23 ± 3.3 to 32 ± 6.7 (SVD filtering). Applying these strategies could allow increased sensitivity to slow flow in side-viewing intravascular ultrasound imaging.


Assuntos
Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Endossonografia/métodos , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Animais , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Técnicas In Vitro , Imagens de Fantasmas , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Suínos
20.
J Vasc Surg ; 72(1S): 40S-45S, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence supporting management decisions of visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) is sparse. Practice guidelines are needed to help patients and surgeons choose between endovascular and open surgery approaches. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane databases, and Scopus for studies of patients with VAAs. Studies were selected and appraised by pairs of independent reviewers. Meta-analysis was performed when appropriate. RESULTS: We included 80 observational studies that were mostly noncomparative. Data were available for 2845 aneurysms, comprising 1279 renal artery, 775 splenic artery, 359 hepatic artery, 226 pancreaticoduodenal and gastroduodenal arteries, 95 superior mesenteric artery, 87 celiac artery, 15 jejunal, ileal and colic arteries, and 9 gastric and gastroepiploic arteries. Differences in mortality between open and endovascular approaches were not statistically significant. The endovascular approach was used more often by surgeons. The endovascular approach was associated with shorter hospital stay and lower rates of cardiovascular complications but higher rates of reintervention. Postembolization syndrome rates ranged from 9% (renal) to 38% (splenic). Coil migration ranged from 8% (splenic) to 29% (renal). Otherwise, access site complication were low (<5%). Pseudoaneurysms tended to have higher mortality and reintervention rates. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides event rates for outcomes important to patients with VAAs. Despite the low certainty warranted by the evidence, these rates along, with surgical expertise and anatomic feasibility, can help patients and surgeons in shared-decision making.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Artérias/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Vísceras/irrigação sanguínea , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/mortalidade , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
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