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3.
Sleep Health ; 5(5): 431-432, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471176
4.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 28(5): 478-480, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416491
5.
Evol Anthropol ; 28(4): 179-188, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237750

RESUMO

It has been proposed that a multiregional model could describe how Homo sapiens evolved in Africa beginning 300,000 years ago. Multiregionalism would require enduring morphological or behavioral differences among African regions and morphological or behavioral continuity within each. African fossils, archeology, and genetics do not comply with either requirement and are unlikely to, because climatic change periodically disrupted continuity and reshuffled populations. As an alternative to multiregionalism, I suggest that reshuffling produced novel gene constellations, including one in which the additive or cumulative effect of newly associated genes enhanced cognitive or communicative potential. Eventual fixation of such a constellation in the lineage leading to modern H. sapiens would explain the abrupt appearance of the African Later Stone Age 50-45 thousand years ago, its nearly simultaneous expansion to Eurasia in the form of the Upper Paleolithic, and the ability of fully modern Upper Paleolithic people to swamp or replace non-modern Eurasians.


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Hominidae/fisiologia , Dinâmica Populacional/história , África , Animais , Antropologia , Arte/história , Fósseis , História Antiga , Humanos , Tecnologia/história , Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas
6.
Recenti Prog Med ; 110(5): 259-262, 2019 05.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140460

RESUMO

Vincent Van Gogh and Giovanni Pascoli were artists who shared many aesthetic and biographical affinities. Both were somehow intoxicated by digitalis, the painter literally in a pharmacological sense, the poet symbolically or in a literary sense. In the paper we propose an original theory on how digital affected the last works of the Dutch painter and in particular the portrait of doctor Gachet, which differs from the previous theories, that attribute the chromatic style of Van Gogh to the xanthopsia caused by digitalis overdose. The Italian poet dedicated a short poem to the Foxglove, inspired by the popular wisdom that centuries ago already recognized the poisonous power of Foxglove.


Assuntos
Arte/história , Digitalis/envenenamento , Poesia como Assunto/história , Pessoas Famosas , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
7.
Rev Chil Pediatr ; 90(2): 202-208, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095237

RESUMO

Many myths and legends have had a profound influence on modern medical language and are exten ded to all specialties as part of their culture and the history of medicine. This article briefly reviews the history of some eponyms which are usually used in medical practice. It is the knowledge of a few the mythological origin in its denomination.


Assuntos
Epônimos , Medicina na Literatura/história , Mitologia , Terminologia como Assunto , Arte/história , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História Antiga , Humanos
10.
Turk Neurosurg ; 29(4): 459-463, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829383

RESUMO

Artists use their work to help us understand the universe. With their creations, we can rest our souls, find some solutions to problems, and even explore new dimensions. A 19th-century artist, Gérôme, has depicted a gesture used to ask for mercy as a benediction sign in two of his works of art dealing with gladiatorial fighting. A warrior defeated in a gladiator combat is well known to ask for mercy with the extended index finger and fist. A benediction gesture by a gladiator after combat could be due to an acute nerve injury. At the sources that inspired the artist, the mercy gesture may have evolved into the benediction sign for an unknown reason. It is probable that a warrior cannot accurately form the mercy gesture following a peripheral nerve injury during combat. While his index finger was extended, the other fingers could not flex in the strict sense of making a fist due to traumatic median nerve injury.


Assuntos
Arte/história , Nervo Mediano/lesões , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/história , História do Século XIX , História Antiga , Humanos
11.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 77(2): 136-138, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810599

RESUMO

Maurice Ravel is one of the most important French musicians. In the last years of his life, Ravel was victim of a dementia of uncertain etiology that caused aphasia, apraxia, agraphia and amusia. The artistic brain of the author of eternal musical compositions was progressively silenced due to his neurodegenerative disease. On the 90th anniversary of Boléro, this historical note revisits Ravel's case and discusses the relationship of his dementia to his artistic production. It illustrates the intimacy that can exist between art, music, creativity, and neurology.


Assuntos
Demência/história , Música/história , Arte/história , França , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Neurologia/história
13.
J Lesbian Stud ; 23(1): 2-20, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614405

RESUMO

This introduction provides an overview of the field of Jewish lesbian studies, particularly in the United States and the English-speaking world. The author looks at the opening of the field of Jewish lesbian feminist work and then explores ways in which Jewish lesbians have been active in religious and spiritual initiatives, the arts, politics and history, as well as academic and organizational life, and matters of exclusion.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Feminina , Judeus , Religião e Sexo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Arte/história , Feminino , Feminismo/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Homossexualidade Feminina/história , Humanos , Judeus/história , Política , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/história
14.
Nat Prod Res ; 33(7): 926-936, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29614871

RESUMO

The restoration of the funeral monument of Innocent VIII (Giovan-Battista Cibo, 1484-1492) was executed by Sante Guido with the support of the Knights of Columbus. The praiseworthy intervention aimed at restoring the monument from polluting aerodynamic agents has at the same time enabled a careful study of the work regarding, above all, the authenticity of the current coloring in relation to the original presentation intended by Antonio del Pollaiolo. In particular, an attempt has been made to uncover the historical vicissitudes of the work: from its realization to the present restoration. In this regard, I would like to recall that, as reported by Pasquale Rotondi, the restoration of a work is a very special moment in which it is possible to carry out all the studies aimed at understanding the causes which have determined its state of conservation, as well as, of course, its constituent elements and its implementing methods.


Assuntos
Arte/história , Cor/normas , Rituais Fúnebres/história , Poluentes Ambientais/isolamento & purificação , História do Século XV , Humanos , Manejo de Espécimes/normas
16.
Trends Plant Sci ; 24(1): 1-3, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30409686

RESUMO

The history of the strawberry is one of ambitious kings and cunning spies, overseas adventures, and religious symbolism. Here, we will tell these stories, illustrated by relevant paintings and drawings, to give insight into the domestication of the strawberry. Furthermore, we will briefly discuss the complex strawberry genomes and aroma.


Assuntos
Fragaria , Arte/história , Produção Agrícola/história , Domesticação , Frutas , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História Antiga , História Medieval
17.
18.
J Biol Chem ; 294(2): 405-409, 2019 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30401750

RESUMO

I was recently awarded the Alice and C. C. Wang Award in Molecular Parasitology for my contributions to antimalarial drug development, including laying the groundbreaking work that has led to two new molecular methods for curing malaria. This award means a great deal to me because I have spent much of my scientific career feeling like an imposter-one with the wrong sort of background and poor credentials. I am grateful for the recognition, and I am beginning to recognize that having an atypical background can be an advantage because it gives you a different perspective on a challenge. More generally, diversity in educational and cultural backgrounds is important because it can stimulate new ways of thinking and discovery.


Assuntos
Arte/história , Malária/história , Parasitologia/história , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Criatividade , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Malária/tratamento farmacológico , Malária/parasitologia , Plasmodium/efeitos dos fármacos , Plasmodium/genética , Plasmodium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plasmodium/fisiologia
19.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 143(25): 1847-1851, 2018 12.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30562819

RESUMO

Santiago Ramón y Cajal came from North Spain and was very talented in painting and writing. Actually he wanted to become a painter but his father, who was a medical doctor himself, forced him to study medicine. In the end, he became a famous neuroanatomist, developed the neuron theory and, together with Camillo Golgi, was awarded the Nobel Price for medicine in 1906. In his career, he was very much supported by German scientists, especially by the Würzburg anatomist von Koelliker. He also displayed a lively literary activity. But most of his works are little known to us. Of his 5 "Cuentos de vacaciones" (vacation stories) there is a translation into English only since 2001.


Assuntos
Arte/história , Neuroanatomia/história , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Células Intersticiais de Cajal/citologia , Masculino , Espanha
20.
J Cell Biol ; 217(12): 4051-4052, 2018 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429211

RESUMO

Mierzwa studies mechanisms of cell division in different cell types and tissue contexts.


Assuntos
Arte/história , Biologia Celular/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Retratos como Assunto
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