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1.
Virol J ; 18(1): 182, 2021 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional medicines based on herbal extracts have been proposed as affordable treatments for patients suffering from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Teas and drinks containing extracts of Artemisia annua and Artemisia afra have been widely used in Africa in efforts to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection and fight COVID-19. METHODS: The plant extracts and Covid-Organics drink produced in Madagascar were tested for plaque reduction using both feline coronavirus and SARS-CoV-2 in vitro. Their cytotoxicities were also investigated. RESULTS: Several extracts as well as Covid-Organics inhibited SARS-CoV-2 and FCoV infection at concentrations that did not affect cell viability. CONCLUSIONS: Some plant extracts show inhibitory activity against FCoV and SARS-CoV-2. However, it remains unclear whether peak plasma concentrations in humans can reach levels needed to inhibit viral infection following consumption of teas or Covid-Organics. Clinical studies are required to evaluate the utility of these drinks for COVID-19 prevention or treatment of patients.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Artemisia/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antivirais/química , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Coronavirus Felino/efeitos dos fármacos , Coronavirus Felino/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Extratos Vegetais/química , SARS-CoV-2/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ensaio de Placa Viral
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3814-3823, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472254

RESUMO

Volatile oil is the main effective component and an important quality indicator of Artemisia argyi leaves. In this study, 100 germplasm resources of A. argyi were collected from all the related habitats in China. The total volatile oils in A. argyi leaves were extracted by steam distillation and the content was determined by GC-MS. The result demonstrated that the content of total volatile oils was in the range of 0.53%-2.55%, with the average of 1.43%. A total of 39 chemical constituents were identified from the volatile oils, including 13 shared by the 100 germplasm resources. Clustering analysis of the 39 constituents showed that the 100 A. argyi samples were categorized into groups Ⅰ(9), Ⅱ(2), Ⅲ(66) and Ⅳ(23), and group Ⅲ had the most volatile medicinal components, with the highest content. Five principal components(PCs) were extracted from 13 shared constituents, which explained 73.454% of the total variance. PC1, PC2, and PC3 mainly reflected the pharmacological activity of volatile oils and the rest two the aroma information. The volatile oils identified in this study lay a foundation for variety breeding of and rational utilization of volatile oils in A. argyi leaves.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Óleos Voláteis , Destilação , Melhoramento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445327

RESUMO

The fight against cancer is one of the main challenges for medical research. Recently, nanotechnology has made significant progress, providing possibilities for developing innovative nanomaterials to overcome the common limitations of current therapies. In this context, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) represent a promising nano-tool able to offer interesting applications for cancer research. Following this path, we combined the silver proprieties with Artemisia arborescens characteristics, producing novel nanoparticles called Artemisia-AgNPs. A "green" synthesis method was performed to produce Artemisia-AgNPs, using Artemisia arborescens extracts. This kind of photosynthesis is an eco-friendly, inexpensive, and fast approach. Moreover, the bioorganic molecules of plant extracts improved the biocompatibility and efficacy of Artemisia-AgNPs. The Artemisia-AgNPs were fully characterized and tested to compare their effects on various cancer cell lines, in particular HeLa and MCF-7. Artemisia-AgNPs treatment showed dose-dependent growth inhibition of cancer cells. Moreover, we evaluated their impact on the cell cycle, observing a G1 arrest mediated by Artemisia-AgNPs treatment. Using a clonogenic assay after treatment, we observed a complete lack of cell colonies, which demonstrated cell reproducibility death. To have a broader overview on gene expression impact, we performed RNA-sequencing, which demonstrated the potential of Artemisia-AgNPs as a suitable candidate tool in cancer research.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Artemisia/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/genética , Artemisia/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Células PC-3 , Extratos Vegetais/química , Prata/química , Prata/uso terapêutico
4.
Am J Bot ; 108(8): 1405-1416, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460105

RESUMO

PREMISE: Adaptive traits can be dramatically altered by genome duplication. The study of interactions among traits, ploidy, and the environment are necessary to develop an understanding of how polyploidy affects niche differentiation and to develop restoration strategies for resilient native ecosystems. METHODS: Growth and fecundity were measured in common gardens for 39 populations of big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) containing two subspecies and two ploidy levels. General linear mixed-effect models assessed how much of the trait variation could be attributed to genetics (i.e., ploidy and climatic adaptation), environment, and gene-environment interactions. RESULTS: Growth and fecundity variation were explained well by the mixed models (80% and 91%, respectively). Much of the trait variation was attributed to environment, and 15% of variation in growth and 34% of variation in seed yield were attributed to genetics. Genetic trait variation was mostly attributable to ploidy, with much higher growth and seed production in diploids, even in a warm-dry environment typically dominated by tetraploids. Population-level genetic variation was also evident and was related to the climate of each population's origin. CONCLUSIONS: Ploidy is a strong predictor growth and seed yield, regardless of common-garden environment. The superior growth and fecundity of diploids across environments raises the question as to how tetraploids can be more prevalent than diploids, especially in warm-dry environments. Two hypotheses that may explain the abundance of tetraploids on the landscape include selection for drought resistance at the seedling stage, and greater competitive ability in water uptake in the upper soil horizon.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Ecossistema , Clima , Fertilidade/genética , Duplicação Gênica , Poliploidia
5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 223: 112566, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340153

RESUMO

Artemisia ordosica is one of the main shrubby perennials belonging to Artemisia species of Asteraceae and could be used in folk Chinese/Mongolian medicine to treat symptoms of various inflammatory ailments. The present study was conducted to investigate the protective effects of dietary Artemisia ordosica polysaccharide (AOP) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced oxidative stress in broilers via Nrf2/Keap1 and TLR4/NF-κB pathway. A total of 192 1-day-old Arbor Acres male broilers were randomly allotted to four treatments with 6 replicates (n = 8): (1) CON group, non-challenged broilers fed basal diet; (2) LPS group, LPS-challenged broilers fed basal diet; (3) AOP group, non-challenged broilers fed basal diet supplemented with 750 mg/kg AOP; (4) LPS+AOP group, LPS-challenged broilers fed basal diet supplemented with 750 mg/kg AOP. The trial included starter phase (d 1-14), stress period Ⅰ (d 15-21), convalescence Ⅰ (d 22-28), stress period Ⅱ (d 29-35) and convalescence Ⅱ (d 36-42). During stress period Ⅰ (on d 15, 17, 19 and 21) and stress period Ⅱ (on d 29, 31, 33 and 35), broilers were injected intra-abdominally either with LPS solution or with an equal amount of sterile saline. The results showed that dietary AOP supplementation alleviated LPS-induced reduction in antioxidant enzyme activity and excessive production of ROS, 8-OHdG and PC in serum of broilers challenged with LPS. Moreover, dietary AOP supplementation alleviated the decrease of T-AOC and activities of SOD, CAT and GPx in liver of broilers challenged with LPS by increasing expression of Nrf2, and inhibiting over-expression of Keap1 both at gene and protein level. Additionally, dietary AOP supplementation decreased the over-production of IL-1ß and IL-6 in liver of broilers challenged by LPS through decreasing mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB P65, IL-1ß and IL-6, and alleviating the increase of protein expression of TLR4, IKKß, NF-κB P65, IL-1ß, IL-6, and the decrease of protein expression of IkBα. In conclusion, dietary AOP supplementation could alleviate LPS-induced oxidative stress through Nrf2/Keap1 and TLR4/NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Artemisia/metabolismo , Galinhas/metabolismo , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Masculino , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Polissacarídeos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445076

RESUMO

Artemisia sphaerocephala seeds are rich in polysaccharides and linoleic acid (C18:2), which have been widely used as traditional medicine and to improve food quality. The accumulation patterns and molecular regulatory mechanisms of polysaccharides during A. sphaerocephala seed development have been studied. However, the related research on seed oil and C18:2 remain unclear. For this study, A. sphaerocephala seeds at seven different development stages at 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 days after flowering (designated as S1~S7), respectively, were employed as experimental samples, the accumulation patterns of oil and fatty acids (FA) and the underlying molecular regulatory mechanisms were analyzed. The results revealed that oil content increased from 10.1% to 20.0% in the early stages of seed development (S1~S2), and up to 32.0% in mature seeds, of which C18:2 accounted for 80.6% of the total FA. FA and triacylglycerol biosynthesis-related genes jointly involved in the rapid accumulation of oil in S1~S2. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis showed that transcription factors FUS3 and bHLH played a critical role in the seed oil biosynthesis. The perfect harmonization of the high expression of FAD2 with the extremely low expression of FAD3 regulated the accumulation of C18:2. This study uncovered the gene involved in oil biosynthesis and molecular regulatory mechanisms of high C18:2 accumulation in A. sphaerocephala seeds; thus, advancing research into unsaturated fatty acid metabolism in plants while generating valuable genetic resources for optimal C18:2 breeding.


Assuntos
Artemisia/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Ácido Linoleico/genética , Óleos Vegetais/metabolismo , Sementes/genética , Artemisia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Vias Biossintéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes de Plantas , Ácido Linoleico/metabolismo , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Transcriptoma
7.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443500

RESUMO

Prostaglandins are a group of important cell-signaling molecules involved in the regulation of ovarian maturation, oocyte development, egg laying and associated behaviors in invertebrates. However, the presence of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), the key enzymes for PGE2 biosynthesis and its interference by drugs were not investigated previously in the ovary of ticks. The present study was undertaken to assess the modulation of the PGE2-mediated pathway in the eclosion blocking effect of flumethrin and terpenoid subfraction isolated from Artemisia nilagirica in Rhipicephalus annulatus ticks. The acaricidal activities and chemical profiling of the terpenoid subfraction were performed. The localization of the cyclooxygenase1 (COX1) and prostaglandin E synthase (PGES) enzymes and the quantification of PGE2 in the ovaries of the ticks treated with methanol (control), flumethrin and terpenoid subfraction were also undertaken. In addition, the vitellogenin concentration in hemolymph was also assayed. Both flumethrin and the terpenoid subfraction of A. nilagirica elicited a concentration-dependent inhibition of fecundity and blocking of hatching of the eggs. The COX1 could not be detected in the ovaries of treated and control ticks, while there was no significant difference observed in the concentration of vitellogenin (Vg) in them. The presence of PGES in the oocytes of control ticks was confirmed while the immunoreactivities against PGES were absent in the vitellogenic oocytes of ticks treated with flumethrin and terpenoid subfraction. The levels of PGE2 were below the detection limit in the ovaries of the flumethrin-treated ticks, while it was significantly lower in the ovaries of the terpenoid subfraction-treated ticks. Hence, the prostaglandin E synthase and PGE2 were identified as very important mediators for the signaling pathway for ovarian maturation and oviposition in ticks. In addition, the key enzyme for prostaglandin biosynthesis, PGES and the receptors for PGE2 can be exploited as potential drug targets for tick control. The detection of PGES by immunohistochemistry and quantification of PGE2 by LC-MSMS can be employed as valuable tools for screening newer compounds for their eclosion blocking acaricidal effects.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Piretrinas/farmacologia , Rhipicephalus/efeitos dos fármacos , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação , Terpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anticorpos/metabolismo , Feminino , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Hemolinfa/metabolismo , Imersão , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/enzimologia , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Prostaglandina-E Sintases/metabolismo , Vitelogeninas/metabolismo
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(13): 3319-3329, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396751

RESUMO

The basic features of glandular and non-glandular trichomes on leaves of Artemisia argyi( germplasms from Qichun,Ningbo,Tangyin,and Anguo,respectively) and related species A. stolonifera were observed by scanning electron microscopy( SEM)and compared. There were significant differences in trichome characteristics of leaves at all parts of A. argyi and A. stolonifera,which were closely related to the difference in chemical components. The length of non-glandular trichomes and size of glandular trichomes on middle leaves were the stablest. A. argyi and A. stolonifera can be distinguished by the density of glandular trichome. Additionally,the four germplasms of A. argyi can be discriminated via the density and curvature of non-glandular trichome. The density of non-glandular trichomes was the highest in A. stolonifera. For A. argyi,the germplasm from Qichun had the highest density of non-glandular trichomes on the abaxial surfaces of upper leaves and that from Ningbo had the largest non-glandular trichome curvature. With regard to the germplasm from Anguo,the T-shaped non-glandular trichomes of long stalks on the adaxial surfaces of the middle leaves were lodging-susceptible,and those with slender heads were wave-like. Statistics results of A. argyi and A. stolonifera are as follows: largest glandular trichomes on the adaxial and abaxial surfaces and highest glandular trichome density on the abaxial surfaces of the lower leaves in A. argyi germplasm from Ningbo,highest density of non-glandular trichomes on the abaxial surfaces of upper leaves in A. stolonifera,and highest density of glandular trichomes and non-glandular trichomes on the adaxial surfaces of the upper leaves in A. argyi germplasm from Qichun. According to the observation result under fluorescence microscope( FM),flavonoids were closely related to the size and density of non-glandular trichomes and size of glandular trichomes. The fluorescence intensity was the strongest and fluorescence area was the largest for flavonoids in A. argyi germplasms from Qichun and Tangyin,while the fluorescence for flavonoids was the weakest in A. stolonifera. It was the first time to observe and analyze the trichome ultrastructure of A. argyi leaves at different positions by SEM and FM. This study clarifies the differences between A. stolonifera and four famous A. argyi germplasms,which provides new evidence for the microscopic identification of A. argyi and its related species and serves as a reference for the study of the relationship of A. argyi structure with its components and functions.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Tricomas , Flavonoides , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Folhas de Planta
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 795: 148808, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252763

RESUMO

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and dark septate endophytes (DSE) are two types of root symbiotic fungi that enhance nutrient uptake by host plants and their resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. However, it remains unclear whether AMF and DSE are synergistic or antagonistic in the presence of host plants to environmental gradients, especially on large geographical scales. To determine the relationships between AMF and DSE and their adaptability on a regional scale, we measured AMF and DSE colonization in the roots of 1023 plants of different species within the Artemisia genus collected from 81 sites across central and eastern China. We used general linear mixed models to analyze the relationships between colonization, and temperature and precipitation conditions. We found no significant correlation between AMF and DSE. The AMF colonization rate followed a significant longitudinal trend, but there was no latitudinal pattern. DSE colonization did not follow any geographical pattern. The AMF colonization rate was positively correlated with temperature and precipitation, whereas it was not significantly correlated with soil. There was no significant correlation between DSE colonization and climate or soil. Our results suggest that AMF and DSE play independent roles in the response of Artemisia to the regional environment. Therefore, studies on mycorrhizal symbiosis should discern the differential responses between AMF and DSE to climate and soil when evaluating the adaptability of the two types of symbiosis on large geographical scales.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Micorrizas , Endófitos , Raízes de Plantas , Simbiose
10.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(7): 2407-2414, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313058

RESUMO

Evapotranspiration (ET) is an important part of water cycle and energy flow in ecosystem. Accurate estimation of ET and its components is critical for understanding the impacts of ecophysiological processes on ecosystem water balance and plant water use strategy. Using the eddy-covariance technique and the micro-lysimeter, we measured ET, evaporation (E), transpiration (T) of the Artemisia ordosica-Hedysarum fruticosum var. mongolicum shrubland in the Mu Us Desert during May 20 to September 15, 2019, quantified the ET components, and analyzed the seasonal characteristics and influencing factors of ET and its components. The results showed that T was the main component of ET in the growing season, with a T/ET of 53.1%. T/ET increased and E/ET decreased as precipitation decreased. The partitioning of evapotranspiration was regulated by precipi-tation. At the seasonal scale, the value of E was positively correlated with soil water content at 10 cm depth (SWC10) and net radiation (Rn), while SWC10 was the main factor influencing E. The value of T increased with the increases of Rn and leaf area index (LAI), and increased first and then decreased with the increases of soil water content at 30 cm layer (SWC30). T was affected by SWC30, Rn and LAI. Moisture was the main influencing factor of ET. The ET/P in the growing season was 109.2% and was 250.5% in May, indicating that the water consumption of ET in early growing season was partly from the precipitation in non-growing season.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Ecossistema , China , Transpiração Vegetal , Estações do Ano , Solo , Água
11.
J Environ Manage ; 297: 113258, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298349

RESUMO

An analysis of the influence of water regime on the metal accumulation processes of wetland plants can improve the efficiency of phytoremediation. However, few studies have clearly explored the mechanism of influence of water regime on the process of accumulation of metals by the dominant vegetation in Poyang Lake wetland, the largest freshwater lake in China. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of water regime (Flooding condition [FC], Dry condition [DC] and alternate dry and flooding condition [DFC]) on the accumulation of cadmium (Cd) by Artemisia selengensis Turcz. ex Bess., a dominant plant in the Poyang Lake wetland. The results indicated that FC treatment significantly enhanced the accumulation of Cd by Artemisia roots compared with DFC and DC treatments. In addition, the DFC treatment significantly increased the translocation of Cd from roots to shoots compared with the FC treatment. A multivariate statistical analysis indicated that the rhizosphere Cd fraction, iron plaque on the root surface and rhizosphere pH directly or indirectly significantly influence the process of accumulation of Cd. The conversion of exchangeable fraction to Fe/Mn oxide bound and organic fraction under the DFC and FC treatments decreased the accumulation of Cd in Artemisia. The formation of increased amounts of iron plaque under the FC treatment may enhance the accumulation of Cd in roots, while it may reduce the translocation of Cd to aboveground tissues. In addition, a higher rhizosphere pH under the FC treatment may promote accumulation of Cd in the root by inducing formation of iron plaque. Similarly, compared with the FC treatment, a lower rhizosphere pH and iron plaque can induce the processes of Cd translocation under the DFC treatment. Based on the bioaccumulation factor, translocation factor and the ratio of root/aerial Cd content, treatment with DC benefited the phytoextraction of Cd, while treatment with DFC and FC enhanced the phytostabilization of Cd by Artemisia. This study provides valuable information for deeply understanding the resilience of wetland ecosystems and for enhancing the phytoremediation with wetland plants using water management.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Ecossistema , Lagos , Raízes de Plantas/química , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Água , Áreas Alagadas
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(11): 2773-2782, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296575

RESUMO

In this study, in order to evaluate the phenotypic diversity of Artemisia argyi germplasm resources and improve its efficiency of cultivation and breeding, 100 accessions of A. argyi germplasm resources from 58 regions in China were collected, 20 agronomic traits and leaf phenotypic traits were observed and described. The data were used for phenotypic diversity analysis, correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis. The result showed that the genetic diversity index of 20 traits ranged from 0.82 to 4.37, among which the largest was the base depth and the smallest was the leaf width; the coefficient of variation of the 12 quantitative traits ranged from 10.55% to 41.47%. the highest coefficient of variation was the height of dead leaves, and the smallest was the content of chlorophyll, except for the angle of branches, all the quantitative characters tended to be normal distribution. The correlation analysis showed that 28 pairs of traits had significant correlation(P<0.01), and 13 pairs had significant correlation(P<0.05). According to principal component analysis, 20 traits were simplified into 9 principal components, and the cumulative contribution rate was 73.414%, nine traits including plant height, dead leaves heigh, stem diameter, symmetry of leave base, stipule, leaf tip shape, depth of the first pair of lobes, depth of the second pair of lobes and leaf yield were selected as key indexes for evaluating agronomic traits and leaf phenotypic traits of A.argyi germplasm resources. With cluster analysis, 100 accessions of A.argyi were classified into 3 groups, the groupⅠincluded the dwarf plants with thick stem and large leaf, the groupⅡincluded high plants with wide leaf and high yield, the group Ⅲ included dwarf plants with thin stem and flat bottom shape of leaf, which could provide the basis for cultivation identification and variety breeding of A.argyi germplasm resources.


Assuntos
Artemisia , China , Fenótipo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta/genética
13.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203927

RESUMO

Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. mexicana has been traditionally used for the treatment of digestive ailments such as gastritis, whose main etiological agent is Helicobacter pylori. In a previous screening study, the aqueous extract exhibited a good in vitro anti-H. pylori activity. With the aim of determining the efficacy of this species as a treatment for H. pylori related diseases and finding bioactive compounds, its aqueous extract was subjected to solvent partitioning and the fractions obtained were tested for their in vitro anti-H. pylori effect, as well as for their in vivo gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities. The aqueous extract showed a MIC = 250 µg/mL. No acute toxicity was induced in mice. A gastroprotection of 69.8 ± 3.8%, as well as anti-inflammatory effects of 47.6 ± 12.4% and 38.8 ± 10.2% (by oral and topical administration, respectively), were attained. Estafiatin and eupatilin were isolated and exhibited anti-H. pylori activity with MBCs of 15.6 and 31.2 µg/mL, respectively. The finding that A. ludoviciana aqueous extract has significant anti-H. pylori, gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities is a relevant contribution to the ethnopharmacological knowledge of this species. This work is the first report about the in vivo gastroprotective activity of A. ludoviciana and the anti-H. pylori activity of eupatilin and estafiatin.


Assuntos
Artemisia/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Gastrite/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 790: 148103, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111778

RESUMO

Water is the main limiting factor for survival and growth for desert plants, and plants can alleviate water deficits under drought by adjusting water potential (Ψ). However, the water potential adjustment capacity and water-sensitivity at the tissue level among shrub species remains unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate water potential adjustment capacity and water-sensitivity of different tissues in Artemisia ordosica and Caragana korshinskii through calculating the water relation parameters from pressure-volume (P-V) curves. The present study found that the sensitivity coefficients, -1/ß and -1/b, were gradually decreased with increasing degree of lignification in A. ordosica and C. korshinskii, suggesting that younger tissues with low lignification are more sensitive to water deficit. Additionally, the younger tissues with more negative osmotic potential at full turgor (Ψπ, sat), water potential at turgor loss point (Ψtlp), and lower the bulk modulus of elasticity (ε), the relative water deficit at turgor loss point (RWDtlp), apoplastic water fraction (AWF) and total hydraulic capacitance (Ctotal), which indicated that younger tissues have stronger turgor adjustment capacity compared to osmotic adjustment capacity and them were more easily lose water during times of decreased water potential because of higher cell wall elasticity and weaker water storage capacity. Collectively, the present study highlighted that younger tissues are more sensitive to drought due to their weaker water potential adjustment capacity and provided critical insight into water physiological mechanism or sensitivity of species to drought.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Caragana , Secas , Osmose , Folhas de Planta , Água
15.
Fitoterapia ; 153: 104961, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129923

RESUMO

Ten undescribed noreudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids, including eight 12,13-dinoreudesmanes and a pair of 11,12,13-trinoreudesmane epimers were isolated from the whole plant of Artemisia hedinii. Their structures were elucidated by extensive analysis of spectroscopic data, including MS, 1D and 2D NMR, and their absolute configurations were confirmed by X-ray diffraction experiments and DFT calculations. Compounds 1-5, 7-10 were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activities in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine macrophages RAW264.7 cells, and all of them could significantly inhibit the LPS induced CCL2 mRNA expression in a dose-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Artemisia/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Quimiocina CCL2 , China , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
16.
Chem Biodivers ; 18(8): e2100241, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081830

RESUMO

Artemisia fragrans is commonly used as a folk medicine as antispasmodic, anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, and abortifacient agents. The villagers use its pungent odor to repel rodents, mites, and pests, as well as its essential oil and smoke after burning to treat lung infections after uprooting the plant. Herein, we extracted the essential oils (EOs) of different parts of the plant and analyzed their chemical compositions and antibacterial activities. The chemical analysis led to the identification of 73, 59, and 57 compounds in the EOs of the stem, leaf, and flower, respectively. All of the EOs exhibited antibacterial activities against both G+ and G- bacteria. The EOs of the leaf and flower were more effective against tested bacteria, except B. anthracis and P. aeruginosa, compared to that of the stem. The binary combination of the EOs (stem and flower) or (stem and leaf) showed a synergistic effect. Statistical analysis indicated EOs of leaf and flower are more potent than that of the stem. These findings suggest the application of leaf and flower of the plant, which not only can prevent its uprooting but also ensure better therapeutic function.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Artemisia/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Anti-Infecciosos/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Artemisia/metabolismo , Flores/química , Flores/metabolismo , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicina Tradicional , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Caules de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/metabolismo , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação , Terpenos/farmacologia
17.
Molecules ; 26(10)2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065533

RESUMO

The Artemisia genus includes a large number of species with worldwide distribution and diverse chemical composition. The secondary metabolites of Artemisia species have numerous applications in the health, cosmetics, and food sectors. Moreover, many compounds of this genus are known for their antimicrobial, insecticidal, parasiticidal, and phytotoxic properties, which recommend them as possible biological control agents against plant pests. This paper aims to evaluate the latest available information related to the pesticidal properties of Artemisia compounds and extracts and their potential use in crop protection. Another aspect discussed in this review is the use of nanotechnology as a valuable trend for obtaining pesticides. Nanoparticles, nanoemulsions, and nanocapsules represent a more efficient method of biopesticide delivery with increased stability and potency, reduced toxicity, and extended duration of action. Given the negative impact of synthetic pesticides on human health and on the environment, Artemisia-derived biopesticides and their nanoformulations emerge as promising ecofriendly alternatives to pest management.


Assuntos
Artemisia/metabolismo , Nanotecnologia , Controle Biológico de Vetores/métodos , Praguicidas/metabolismo , Produtos Agrícolas/microbiologia
18.
Molecules ; 26(9)2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068826

RESUMO

Artemisia jordanica (AJ) is one of the folkloric medicinal plants and grows in the arid condition used by Palestinian Bedouins in the Al-Naqab desert for the treatment of diabetes and gastrointestinal infections. The current investigation aimed, for the first time, to characterize the (AJ) essential oil (EO) components and evaluate EO's antioxidant, anti-obesity, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic activities. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) technique was utilized to characterize the chemical ingredients of (AJ) EO, while validated biochemical approaches were utilized to evaluate the antioxidant, anti-obesity and antidiabetic. The microbicidal efficacy of (AJ) EO was measured utilizing the broth microdilution assay. Besides, the cytotoxic activity was estimated utilizing the (MTS) procedure. Finally, the anti-inflammatory activity was measured utilizing a COX inhibitory screening test kit. The analytical investigation revealed the presence of 19 molecules in the (AJ) EO. Oxygenated terpenoids, including bornyl acetate (63.40%) and endo-borneol (17.75%) presented as major components of the (AJ) EO. The EO exhibited potent antioxidant activity compared with Trolox, while it showed a weak anti-lipase effect compared with orlistat. In addition, the tested EO displayed a potent α-amylase suppressing effect compared with the positive control acarbose. Notably, the (AJ) EO exhibited strong α-glucosidase inhibitory potential compared with the positive control acarbose. The EO had has a cytotoxic effect against all the screened tumor cells. In fact, (AJ) EO showed potent antimicrobial properties. Besides, the EO inhibited the enzymes COX-1 and COX-2, compared with the anti-inflammatory drug ketoprofen. The (AJ) EO has strong antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-α-amylase, anti-α-glucosidase, and COX inhibitory effects which could be a favorite candidate for the treatment of various neurodegenerative diseases caused by harmful free radicals, microbial resistance, diabetes, and inflammations. Further in-depth investigations are urgently crucial to explore the importance of such medicinal plants in pharmaceutical production.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Artemisia/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Folhas de Planta/química , Animais , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Oriente Médio , Orlistate/farmacologia , Picratos/química , Suínos
19.
Life Sci ; 280: 119729, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146553

RESUMO

AIMS: To study 5-desmethylsinensetin exhibiting potential anticancer activity against breast cancer stem cells and the related molecular mechanism. MAIN METHODS: In this study, isolation of a cancer stem cell (CSC) inhibitor of Artemisia princeps was performed using a silica gel column, a Sephadex gel column, and high-performance liquid chromatography. A single compound was purified via activity-based isolation using mammosphere formation assays. An MTS was used to examine the proliferation of breast cancer cells, and flow cytometry was used to analyze apoptosis and cancer stem cell markers. Western blotting was used to detect the signaling pathway. RESULTS: The isolated compound was identified as 5-desmethylsinensetin using nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry. 5-Desmethylsinensetin suppresses the proliferation and mammosphere formation of breast cancer cells, reduces the subpopulations of CD44+/CD24- and ALDH1+ cancer cells, and reduces the transcription of the stemness markers Oct4, c-Myc, Nanog and CD44 in Breast CSCs. 5-Desmethylsinensetin inhibits the total and nuclear expression of Stat3 and p-Stat3, as well as the translocation of YAP1. Additionally, 5-desmethylsinensetin reduces the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6. CONCLUSION: Our results show that 5-desmethylsinensetin exhibits potential anticancer activity against breast cancer stem cells via Stat3-IL-6 and Stat3-YAP1 signaling.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Artemisia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Artemisia/química , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Flavonoides/química , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
20.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e242403, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133565

RESUMO

Artemisia is one of the biggest genera in the family Asteraceae, with around 500-600 taxa at specific and sub-specific levels and organised in 5 subgenera. Due to the high number of taxa, a lot taxonomists are trying to solve the problem of its classification and phylogeny but its natural classification still hasn't been achieved. In this research, 60 individuals belonging to 4 taxa of the subgenus Dracunculus of Artemisia L. in Turkey were examined. For all the examined individuals from both the same and different populations belonging to the taxa of the subgenus Dracunculus, the sequences of the regions both psbA-trnH of chloroplast DNA and ITS of nuclear DNA were determined. Also, the gene regions obtained were recorded in the NCBI GenBank database and an accession number was taken. It was found that there was no gene flow and hybridization between the four studied taxa of the subgenus Dracunculus, and these 4 taxa also completed their speciation. According to the results of this molecular study, A. campestris var. campestris, A. campestris var. marschalliana and A. campestris var. araratica were proposed to be raised from the variety level to the species level. This research is important as it is the first molecular based study relating with the subgenus Dracunculus growing in Turkey.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Artemisia/genética , Núcleo Celular , Cloroplastos , Humanos , Filogenia , Turquia
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