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1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 343-353, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Herbs are rich in various beneficial bioactive compounds and they can be used for many different purposes. One of the most common is maceration of herbs in alcohol. Different substances respond differently to extraction in prepared solutions. It is very important to enhance the highest proportion of beneficial ingredients during the maceration process in a herbal liqueur. A comparative analysis of numerous different phenolic compounds from eight of the most frequently used herbs for making aperitifs in Europe was performed. RESULTS: In the comparison among all studied herbs, the highest phenolic content was found with Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) (14.61 mg g-1 ) and Mentha piperita (peppermint) (13.89 mg g-1 ), while the lowest content was found with Centaurium erythraea (common centaury) (3.96 mg g-1 ). Salvianolic acid isomers and caffeic acid derivatives were the greatest contributors to the total phenolic content in lemon balm, wormwood, peppermint, fennel and sage. These compounds contain more hydroxyl groups and they were better extracted at the beginning of the maceration process. Caraway and common centaury contain more flavonols (quercetin and kaempferol derivatives), with higher chemical stability and fewer hydroxyl groups in their structure. CONCLUSION: The compositions of eight herbal liqueurs were highly related to the presence of different herbal ingredients and their solubility in the extract over time. Most flavonol derivatives were extracted over a longer time and the two liqueurs (common centaury and caraway) therefore had the highest phenolic contents after 3 weeks of maceration. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Artemisia/química , Carum/química , Centaurium/química , Europa (Continente) , Manipulação de Alimentos , Isomerismo , Mentha piperita/química , Fenóis/química
2.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(3): 205-216, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679308

RESUMO

Artemisia vulgaris is a traditional Chinese herb believed to have a wide range of healing properties; it is traditionally used to treat numerous health ailments. The plant is commonly called mugwort or riverside wormwood. The plant is edible, and in addition to its medicinal properties, it is also used as a culinary herb in Asian cooking in the form of a vegetable or in soup. The plant has garnered the attention of researchers in the past few decades, and several research studies have investigated its biological effects, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, hypolipidemic, and antimicrobial properties. In this review, various studies on these biological effects are discussed along with the tests conducted, compounds involved, and proposed mechanisms of action. This review will be of interest to the researchers working in the field of herbal medicine, pharmacology, medical sciences, and immunology.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Hipolipemiantes/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química
3.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104372, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669720

RESUMO

Four new sesquiterpene lactones, named artemargyinolides A-D (1-4), and seven known sesquiterpenoids (5-11) were isolated from Artemisia argyi. Their structures were elucidated based on the extensive analysis of spectroscopic data. The absolute configuration of 1 was assigned by X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compound 1 is an unprecedented sesquiterpene dimer-monoterpene lactone. The cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) inhibitory activities of all isolated compounds were evaluated. Compounds 1, 2, 4, and 6-11 showed inhibitory activity against COX-2 with IC50 values ranging from 35.78 ±â€¯0.39 to 256.07 ±â€¯0.38 µM. However, compounds 7, 9, and 10 exhibited weak inhibitory activity against COX-1 with IC50 values of 465.70 ±â€¯1.53, 281.43 ±â€¯3.56, and 490.45 ±â€¯6.07 µM, respectively. Other compounds are inactive against COX-1. Therefore, compounds 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 11 displayed selective COX-2 inhibitory activity.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Lactonas/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , China , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/isolamento & purificação , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
4.
Molecules ; 24(20)2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614698

RESUMO

Four new sesquiterpenoids, named artemivestinolide D-G (1-4) and three known sesquiterpenoids (5-7), were isolated from Artemisia vestita. The structures of these new compounds were determined based on extensive spectroscopic data analyses. Furthermore, the electronic circular dichroism data determined the absolute configurations of the new compounds. The antifeedant and antifungal activities of the isolates were evaluated against third-instar larvae of Plutella xylostella and three plant pathogenic fungi. Compounds 1-7 showed moderate antifeedant activities and compounds 1-4 and 6-7 exhibited antifungal activities.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/química , Artemisia/química , Fungos/patogenicidade , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Lepidópteros/microbiologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia
5.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 288, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracts from medicinal plants with phytochemicals with known antimicrobial properties can be an effective adjunct in the complex treatment of infectious diseases. This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of wormwood extracts collected in Kazakhstan (Artemisia gmelinii Weber ex Stechm.), along with their phytochemical analysis. METHODS: The ethanolic and chloroform extracts were subjected to HPLC combined with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry method. For quantitative assessment of antimicrobial activity, minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the tested extracts was determined by micro-dilution broth method for the panel of the reference microorganisms. Minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) or minimal fungicidal concentration (MFC) were also determined. RESULTS: LC/MS analysis showed the presence of 13 compounds in the tested extracts, including flavonoids: apigenin, luteolin, rutin, two O-methylated flavonols (isorhamnetin, rhamnazine), coumarin compounds (umbelliferone, scopoletin and scopolin (scopoletin 7-glucoside), 3-hydroxycoumarin and 4-hydroxycoumarin), chlorogenic acid and two dicaffeoylquinic acid isomers. Quantitative HPLC analysis showed that umbelliferone was dominant in the chloroform extract while chlorogenic acid was identified as a main compound in the ethanolic extract. The antibacterial and antifungal activity of chloroform and ethanolic extracts was comparable. The most sensitive were the Gram-positive bacteria represented by staphylococci, Micrococcus luteus and Bacillus spp. (MIC = 1.25-5 mg/ml) and yeasts represented by Candida spp. (MIC = 2.5-5 mg/ml), irrespective of the assayed extract. CONCLUSIONS: Extracts of wormwood Artemisia gmelinii have shown a wide spectrum of antibacterial and antifungal activity. Luteolin, rutin, isorhamnetin and scopolin were identified in A. gmelinii species for the first time. The determining of the most potential compounds of Artemisia gmelinii can be used to develop effective antibacterial and antifungal agents.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Artemisia/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ácido Clorogênico/química , Ácido Clorogênico/isolamento & purificação , Ácido Clorogênico/farmacologia , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Plantas Medicinais/química , Leveduras/efeitos dos fármacos , Leveduras/crescimento & desenvolvimento
6.
J Food Sci ; 84(10): 3037-3044, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509245

RESUMO

Extracts of several plants possess antithrombotic effects. Herein, we examined the antithrombotic effects of different extracts of Artemisia princeps Pampanini prepared using distilled water, hot distilled water, 70% ethanol, or subcritical water. The antithrombotic effects were determined using a co-culture system consisting of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-treated EA.hy926 cells and THP-1 cells. In addition, the coagulation time of plasma collected from healthy volunteers was evaluated in terms of the prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time. A carotid arterial thrombosis model was induced by ferric chloride in Sprague Dawley rats. The rats were treated with either sterile water or three different doses of the subcritical water extract for 2 weeks. The thrombus weight, gene expression of cell adhesion molecules, and histological characteristics were assessed. The results of in vitro studies revealed a significant inhibition in the adhesion of monocytes to EA.hy926 cells stimulated by TNF-α in the subcritical water extract-treated group. We also observed considerable suppression of the occlusion and mRNA expression of cell adhesion molecules in the in vivo experiments. This study suggests that Artemisia princeps Pampanini may have the potential to improve blood coagulation.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Cloretos/efeitos adversos , Compostos Férricos/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Animais , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Masculino , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Trombose/induzido quimicamente , Trombose/metabolismo , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
7.
Z Naturforsch C J Biosci ; 74(9-10): 275-278, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490779

RESUMO

A new compound, integracid (1), together with four known compounds were isolated from the dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) extract from Artemisia integrifolia L. The structures of compounds (1-5) were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including ultraviolet, infrared (IR), high resolution-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS) and extensive one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques, and by comparison with data reported in the references. Antibacterial activities of the compounds were evaluated against various bacteria.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Artemisia/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Bacillus cereus/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Yersinia enterocolitica/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Fitoterapia ; 138: 104312, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419464

RESUMO

The Alpine wormwood Artemisia vallesiaca All. was considered the most valuable ingredient of vermouth, a celebrated aromatized wine. A. vallesiaca has a very limited geographical distribution, and the booming market of vermouth decimated its natural population, resulting in the eventual replacement of this rare species with more common and less expensive wormwoods like A. absinthium L.. Over the past years, attempts to revive the original recipe(s) of vermouth have fostered the establishment of cultivations of A. vallesiaca in pre-montane settings. In order to assist these projects, the phytochemical profile of cultivated plants and of several native populations of A. vallesiaca from the Swiss Valais were comparatively evaluated, focusing on sesquiterpene lactones and on lipophilic flavonoids, the hallmark constituents of Artemisia species. Remarkably, no significant difference was detected between the samples, despite the different origins. The lipophilic flavonoids of A. vallesiaca were similar to those of related species used in the production of vermouth, but the presence of C-9 oxygenated 11ß-methyl germacranolides and eudesmanolides (herbolides) made its sesquiterpene lactone profile peculiar. In addition to known compounds, two novel germacranolides were also characterized (herbolides J and K), and the major sesquiterpene lactone from the plant, the bitter germacranolide herbolide D (4), was detected and quantified by 1H NMR in a bitter liqueur aromatized with A. vallesiaca. Taken together, these observations qualify herbolides as marker to identify A. vallesiaca in aromatized alcohol matrixes.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Lactonas/química , Sesquiterpenos de Germacrano/química , Vinho , Itália , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química
9.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387251

RESUMO

The Artemisia argyi leaf (AL) has been used as a traditional medicine and food supplement in China and other Asian countries for hundreds of years. Phytochemical studies disclosed that AL contains various bioactive constituents. Among bioactive constituents, phenolic acids have been recognized as the main active compounds in AL. To the best of our knowledge, no research has been focused on extraction method for the bioactive phenolic acids from AL. Nowadays, deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are emerging as a new type of green and sustainable solvent for efficient extraction of bioactive compounds from natural products. In the present study, an environmentally friendly extraction method based on DESs was established to extract bioactive phenolic acids from ALs. Diverse tailor-made solvents, including binary and ternary DESs, were explored for simultaneous extraction of four phenolic acids (3-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, and 4,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid) from AL. The results indicated that the ternary DES composed of a 2:1:2 molar ratio of choline chloride, malic acid, and urea showed enhanced extraction yields for phenolic acids compared with conventional organic solvents and other DESs. Subsequently, the extraction parameters for the four phenolic acids by selected tailor-made DESs, including liquid-solid ratios, water content (%) in the DESs, and extraction time, were optimized using response surface methodology and the optimal extraction conditions were: extraction time, 23.5 min; liquid-solid ratio, 57.5 mL/g (mL of DES/g dry weight of plant material); water content, 54%. The research indicated that DESs were efficient and sustainable green extraction solvents for extraction of bioactive phenolic acids from natural products. Compared to the conventional organic solvents, the DESs have a great potential as possible alternatives to those organic solvents in health-related areas such as food and pharmaceuticals.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Solventes/química , Análise de Variância , Cromatografia , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Análise Espectral
10.
Phytother Res ; 33(10): 2661-2684, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453659

RESUMO

Several reviews have been published on Artemisia's derived natural products, but it is the first attempt to review the chemistry and pharmacology of more than 80 alkaloids and allied nitrogen compounds obtained from various Artemisia species (covering the literature up to June 2018). The pharmacological potential and unique skeleton types of certain Artemisia's alkaloids provoke the importance of analyzing Artemisia species for bioactive alkaloids and allied nitrogen compounds. Among the various types of bioactive Artemisia's alkaloids, the main classes were the derivatives of rupestine (pyridine-sesquiterpene), lycoctonine (diterpene), pyrrolizidine, purines, polyamine, peptides, indole, piperidine, pyrrolidine, alkamides, and flavoalkaloids. The rupestine derivatives are Artemisia's characteristic alkaloids, whereas the rest are common alkaloids found in the family Asteraceae and chemotaxonomically links the genus Artemisia with the tribes Anthemideae. The most important biological activities of Artemisia's alkaloids are including hepatoprotective, local anesthetic, ß-galactosidase, and antiparasitic activities; treatment of angina pectoris, opening blocked arteries, as a sleep-inducing agents and inhibition of HIV viral protease, CYP450, melanin biosynthesis, human carbonic anhydrase, [3H]-AEA metabolism, kinases, and DNA polymerase ß1 . Some of the important nitrogen metabolites of Artemisia include pellitorine, zeatin, tryptophan, rupestine, and aconitine analogs, which need to be optimized and commercialized further.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Artemisia/química , Alcaloides/análise , Humanos , Compostos de Nitrogênio/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
11.
Carbohydr Polym ; 222: 115009, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320075

RESUMO

We obtained four soluble acid xylan fractions AGP-III-A, AGP-III-B, AGP-III-C and AGP-III-D from the insoluble Artemisia sphaerocephala Krasch gum (ASKG) polysaccharide by weak alkali treatment combined with H2O2-Vc oxidative degradation. Activity studies showed that the degradation components could reduce the cell viability of several cancer cell lines in a concentration-dependent manner, especially 4-O-Methylglucuronoxylan AGP-III-C with specific molecular weight and branching degree significantly reduced cancer cells viability and induced HepG2 apoptosis, also caused mitochondrial membrane dysfunction upregulated ROS levels, and induced G0/G1 arrest in HepG2 cells by cell cycle assay. Further, AGP-III-C mediates apoptosis in HepG2 cells by upregulating MAPK phosphorylation. The structure of AGP-III-C was characterized by uronic acid reduction, permethylation with GC-MS, and 2D-NMR analysis. The structure of AGP-III-C had a linear (1→4)-linked ß-Xylf residue backbone with one branched 4-O-Me-α-GlcAp attached to the main chain by a (1→2)-glycosidic bond at every two ß-(1→4)-Xylf units.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Artemisia/química , Xilanos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Molecular , Solubilidade , Xilanos/química , Xilanos/isolamento & purificação
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2667-2674, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359675

RESUMO

Chemical profiling of a given herbal medicine( HM) is the prerequisite for clarifying the effective material basis and therapeutic mechanisms,and it is an important integral part of traditional Chinese medicine chemical biology( TCMCB). In current study,we aimed to propose a new strategy for fast chemical characterization of HM by using reversed phase liquid chromatography-hydrophilic interaction chromatography-predictive multiple reaction monitoring( RPLC-HILIC-p MRM),and Artemisiae Scopariae Herba was employed in this study to illustrate the entire strategy. In response to wide polarity spanning of the diverse chemical clusters in Artemisiae Scopariae Herba,RPLC and HILIC were coupled in series to retain and separate hydrophilic and hydrophobic components simultaneously by identifying the characteristics of chromatographic separation. Most of the chemical constituents in traditional Chinese medicine can be predicted by summarizing the results of chemical constituents of the same genera and introducing primary metabolites and possible substitution reaction types. Therefore,we constructed predictive ion pairs to rapidly identify the chemical constituents of Artemisiae Scopariae Herba. After comparison with control products,discussion on fragmentation pattern,and access to relevant information from literature and databases,a total of 139 components were detected and structurally annotated by matching the obtained spectral data with the information of authentic compounds. Above all,RPLC-HILIC-p MRM could be used as an eligible analytical tool for the chemical profiling of HMs.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa , Plantas Medicinais/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 118: 109149, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate effects moxibustion exerts on A20 expression and regulation of intestinal epithelial tight junctions via the TNF-α-NF-κB-MLCK pathway in Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: C57BL/6 wild type (WT) and A20IEC-KO mice (48 each) were randomly divided into normal control (NC), model control (MC), mesalazine (MESA) and herbs-partitioned moxibustion (HPM) groups (12 mice per group). An experimental model of CD was established using 2, 4, 6 trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid. MESA and HPM mice were treated with MESA and HPM (at Tianshu (ST25) and Qihai (CV6)), respectively. In HPM group, moxa cones (0.5 cm in diameter and 0.3 cm in height) made of refined mugwort floss were placed on herbal cakes (medicinal formula dispensing [radix] Aconiti praeparata, [cortex] Cinnamomi, etc.) at Tianshu (ST25) and Qihai (CV6) and ignited. The moxa cones were ignited, and two moxa cones were used for each treatment once daily for 10 days. In MESA group, mice were fed MESA, which was prepared at a proportion of 1:0.0026, twice daily for 10 days. RESULTS: Intestinal epithelial ultrastructure of WT HPM mice improved more than A20IEC-KO HPM mice compared to MC mice. WT HPM mice exhibited greater expression of A20 compared with MC mice (P < 0.01). TNF-α, NF-kB p65, MLCK, MLC, TRAF6 and RIP1 levels in A20IEC-KO and WT HPM mice were all decreased compared to MC mice (Pall < 0.01). NF-κB p65、MLCK and TRAF6 levels were increased in A20IEC-KO HPM mice as compared to WT HPM mice (Pall < 0.05). Intestinal epithelial levels of occludin, claudin-1, ZO-1 and F-actin increased in all HPM mice (Pall  < 0.01-0.05), while occludin, claudin-1, and ZO-1 levels were lower in A20 IEC-KO HPM mice (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: HPM downregulates abnormal activation of the TNF-α-NF-κB-MLCK pathway by upregulating expression of A20 in a mouse model of CD, thereby protecting intestinal epithelial tight junctions and repairing the damage CD causes to the intestinal epithelial barrier.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Mucosa Intestinal/ultraestrutura , Moxibustão/métodos , Junções Íntimas/ultraestrutura , Proteína 3 Induzida por Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Animais , Colo/metabolismo , Colo/ultraestrutura , Doença de Crohn/metabolismo , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Permeabilidade , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Proteína 3 Induzida por Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Regulação para Cima
14.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(7): e1900125, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241852

RESUMO

The essential oil composition of the aerial parts of Artemisia magellanica Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae), native to Patagonia, was analyzed by GC-FID-MS. This is the first report on the essential oil composition of A. magellanica. A total of 113 components were identified accounting for 95.6-95.7 % of the oil. The essential oil was characterized by a high percentage of γ-costol (21.0-43.5 %), selina-4,11-diene, (Z)-ß-ocimene, (E)-ß-farnesene, (Z)-en-yn-dicycloether and 23 different esters (28.7 %). In turn, Artemisia biennis, a species native to North America, which is considered by some authors to be conspecific with A. magellanica, yielded an essential oil that was rich in (Z)-ß-ocimene (34.7 %), (E)-ß-farnesene (40.0 %) and the acetylenes (Z)- and (E)-en-yn-dicycloethers (11.0 %). Thus, as A. biennis lacks the three main components present in A. magellanica, namely γ-costol, 2-methylbutyl 2-methylbutyrate and selina-4,11-diene, these compounds could be considered as potential chemical markers for A. magellanica since they are absent or only found as minor constituents in other members of the genus. The data presented herein is also useful for genus taxonomy.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Óleos Voláteis/química , Especificidade da Espécie
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5016483, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31179326

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the second most common human urinary tumor. Eupatilin is the main active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicine Artemisia asiatica. The effect of Eupatilin on RCC and the underlying mechanism remain unknown. Here, we investigated the anticancer effects and mechanisms of Eupatilin in RCC in vivo and in vitro, laying an experimental foundation for the clinical application of Eupatilin in the treatment of RCC. The results showed that Eupatilin significantly inhibited 786-O cell viability and migration and promoted apoptosis. Eupatilin inhibited the expression of miR-21 in 786-O cells, and overexpression of miR-21 suppressed the effect of Eupatilin on viability, apoptosis, and migration in 786-O cells. Eupatilin inhibited the growth of renal tumors in nude mice by downregulating miR-21. YAP1, which was identified as a target of miR-21, showed significantly lower expression in RCC tissues than in healthy tissues. miR-21 significantly inhibited YAP1 protein expression in 786-O cells and tumor tissues isolated from nude mice, and YAP1 attenuated the effect of miR-21 on the viability, apoptosis, and migration of 786-O cells. In conclusion, Eupatilin inhibited the expression of miR-21, which mediated the proapoptotic and antimigratory effects of Eupatilin by suppressing YAP1 in renal cancer cells. These results suggested that Eupatilin could be a potent agent for the treatment of RCC.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Artemisia/química , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
16.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 144-153, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151061

RESUMO

Triquinane is a type of sesquiterpenoid with a unique structure that contains a fused tricyclopentane ring and exhibits a wide range of bioactivities. Like other sesquiterpenoids, the first committed step in triquinane-type sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis is the cyclization of farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP), a common precursor of all sesquiterpenoids, catalyzed by sesquiterpene synthase. Artemisia abrotanum L. (Asteraceae), a common plant used in the culinary and cosmetics industries, has been reported to accumulate high levels of triquinane silphiperfol-5-en-3-one A. This compound is potentially biosynthesized from the cyclization of FPP into 7-epi-silphiperfol-5-ene followed by a multi-step oxidation to silphiperfol-5-en-3-one A. In this study, we aimed to identify the sesquiterpene synthase responsible for the synthesis of 7-epi-silphiperfol-5-ene. We performed RNA sequencing of A. abrotanum leaves and gene candidates were mined by homology searches using the triquinane α-isocomene synthase of chamomile (MrTPS2) as query. After gene cloning, we obtained five variants of putative sesquiterpene synthase showing greater than 85% amino acid identity to MrTPS2 and greater than 95% amino acid identity to each other. Heterologous expression of these variants in a FPP-high-producing yeast strain revealed the first four variants to be (+)-α-bisabolol synthases (AabrBOS1-4). However, the fifth candidate cyclized FPP into 7-epi-silphiperfol-5-ene and can therefore be defined as a 7-epi-silphiperfol-5-ene synthase (AabrSPS). These findings revealed the first committed enzyme involved in silphiperfol-5-en-3-one A and (+)-α-bisabolol biosyntheses in A. abrotanum. Furthermore, the results of this study will be useful for enhancing the production of these compounds for further applications.


Assuntos
Alquil e Aril Transferases/análise , Artemisia/química , Artemisia/enzimologia , Sesquiterpenos/análise , Alquil e Aril Transferases/metabolismo , Artemisia/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Conformação Molecular , Sesquiterpenos/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058875

RESUMO

Achillea fragrantissima (Forssk.) Sch. Bip. (known as Qaysoom), Echinops spinosus L. (known as Shoak Elgamal) and Artemisia judaica L.(known Shih Baladi) are members of the Asteraceae family known for their traditional medical use in Egypt. The ethanol extracts of these plants were evaluated for their efficacy against a protozoan parasite (Blastocystis). Two different molecular subtypes of Blastocystis were used (ST1 and ST3). Significant growth inhibition of Blastocystis was observed when exposed to both A. judaica (99.3%) and A. fragrantissima (95.6%) with minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC90) at 2000 µg/mL. Under the effect of the extracts, changes in Blastocystis morphology were noted, with the complete destruction of Blastocystis forms after 72 h with the dose of 4000 µg/mL. Different subtypes displayed different responses to the herbal extracts tested. ST1 exhibited significantly different responses to the herbal extracts compared to ST3. A. judaica was selected as the herb of choice considering all of its variables and because of its effective action against Blastocystis. It was then exposed to further fractionation and observation of its effect on ST1 and ST3. Solvent portioned fractions (dichloromethane (DCM), ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and n-hexane) in A. judaica were found to be the potent active fractions against both of the Blastocystis subtypes used.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Blastocystis/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Egito , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plantas Medicinais , Solventes
18.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 171: 35-42, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30965219

RESUMO

Screening of bioactive ligands for a certain protein target from medicinal herbs is a highly important yet challenging task during drug discovery process. In this study, a surface plasmon resonance biosensor-based active ingredient recognition system (SPR-AIRS) was applied to screen p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) ligands from herbal extracts. After p38 protein was immobilized on a SPR chip and the suitability of SPR-AIRS was validated, thirty-four p38-related medicinal herbs were selected and pre-screened. Two medicinal herbs having high response signal with p38-immobilized chip, Folium Ginkgo and Herba Artemisiae Scopariae, were injected into SPR system for ligand fishing. Among them, two active compounds, eupatilin (EPT) and ginkgolide B (GKB), were identified as p38 ligands, and then the KD values of EPT and GKB were measured as 21.68 ± 2.21 and 44.71 ± 1.80 µM, respectively. They can inhibit p38 activities significantly and bind to the ATP binding site on p38. Furthermore, EPT and GKB can inhibit cell proliferation (IC50 = 30.31 ± 6.84 and 42.97 ± 0.83 µM), induce apoptosis and G2/M cell cycle arrest against K562 cell line. This is the first time that EPT and GKB are reported as effective p38 binding ligands. These results prove that SPR-AIRS could be an effective method to screen active compounds acting on a specific protein from complex systems.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Ginkgo biloba/química , Ginkgolídeos/isolamento & purificação , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligação Competitiva , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Ginkgolídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Células K562 , Lactonas/farmacologia , Ligantes , Ligação Proteica
19.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 100: 82-93, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948119

RESUMO

An improved active packaging system was developed for fresh fruits using silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) coupled with calcium alginate (Ca-ALG). For the synthesis of AgNPs aqueous, ethanol and methanol extracts of Artemisia scoparia (AS) were used. These AgNP's were characterized using UV-Vis, SEM, EDS, AFM, FTIR and gel electrophoresis. Ethanol extract of AS (ASE) produced AgNPs with smallest size in comparison to aqueous AS (ASA) and methanol extract of AS (ASM). AgNPs synthesized from ASE had a size range of 12.0-23.3 nm and were tested on Human Corneal Epithelial Cells to evaluate their cytotoxicity. At 0.05 ng/mL of AgNP's concentration, no toxic effects were observed on the evaluated cell line. Therefore, 0.05 ng/mL of AgNPs mixed with edible coating of Ca-ALG were applied on strawberries and loquats as active coating to increase their shelf life. Significant improvement was observed in the quality parameters of strawberries and loquats such as microbial analysis, acidity loss, soluble solid content loss, weight loss and quality decay. Ca-ALG coating incorporated with AgNPs enhanced the shelf life of strawberries and loquats in comparison to no treatment and simple Ca-ALG coatings. This study provides an insight to food industry to extend the shelf life of fresh fruits using AgNP's formulated coatings.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Artemisia/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/química , Frutas/microbiologia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/química
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(5): 983-989, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989859

RESUMO

The study aims to qualitatively and quantitatively analyze phenolic acids and flavonoids in Artemisiae Argyi Folium cultivated in Qichun(Qiai) for the quality control of this genuine regional herbs. UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS was used for rapid separation and structural identification of the constituents. Samples were separated on an UPLC column(2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 8 µm) by gradient elution using 0. 1% formic acid and acetonitrile as mobile phases at a flow rate of 0. 4 m L·min-1. By UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS,16 compounds including phenolic acids and flavonoids were identified by comparison with reference standards or literature data. For quantitative analysis,12 identified compounds were simultaneously determined by UPLC-DAD at wavelengths of 330 nm. The method was validated with respect to linearity,precision,repeatability,stability and recovery. The contents of these compounds were found to differ significantly between the samples from Qichun and other areas. This strategy was novel,effective and straightforward,which provided a potential approach for holistic quality control of Qiai.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Folhas de Planta/química
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