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1.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 112, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection can lead to a constellation of viral and immune symptoms called coronavirus disease 2019. Emerging literature increasingly supports the premise that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 promotes a prothrombotic milieu. However, to date there have been no reports of acute aortic occlusion, itself a rare phenomenon. We report a case of fatal acute aortic occlusion in a patient with coronavirus disease 2019. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old Caucasian male with past medical history of peripheral vascular disease presented to the emergency department for evaluation of shortness of breath, fevers, and dry cough. His symptoms started 5-7 days prior to the emergency department visit, and he received antibiotics in the outpatient setting without any effect. He was found to be febrile, tachypneic, and hypoxemic. He was placed on supplemental oxygen via a non-rebreather mask. Chest X-ray showed multifocal opacifications. Intravenous antibiotics for possible pneumonia were initiated. Hydroxychloroquine was initiated to cover possible coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia. During the hospitalization, the patient became progressively hypoxemic, for which he was placed on bilevel positive airway pressure. D-dimer, ferritin, lactate dehydrogenase, and C-reactive protein were all elevated. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was positive. On day 3, the patient was upgraded to the intensive care unit. Soon after he was intubated, he developed a mottled appearance of skin, which extended from his bilateral feet up to the level of the subumbilical plane. Bedside ultrasound revealed an absence of flow from the mid-aorta to both common iliac arteries. The patient was evaluated emergently by vascular surgery. After a discussion with the family, it was decided to proceed with comfort-directed care, and the patient died later that day. DISCUSSION: Viral infections have been identified as a source of prothrombotic states due to direct injury of vascular tissue and inflammatory cascades. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 appears to follow a similar pattern, with numerous institutions identifying elevated levels of thrombotic complications. We believe that healthcare providers should be aware of both venous and arterial thrombotic complications associated with coronavirus disease 2019, including possible fatal outcome.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta , Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Trombose , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico , Doenças da Aorta/etiologia , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Coagulação Sanguínea , /complicações , /terapia , Deterioração Clínica , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Conforto do Paciente , Testes Imediatos , /patogenicidade , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia
2.
Ann Hematol ; 100(4): 921-931, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586016

RESUMO

Alpha thalassemia and beta-globin haplotype are considered classical genetic disease modifiers in sickle cell anemia (SCA) causing clinical heterogeneity. Nevertheless, their functional impact on SCA disease emergence and progression remains elusive. To better understand the role of alpha thalassemia and beta-globin haplotype in SCA, we performed a retrospective study evaluating the clinical manifestations of 614 patients. The univariate analysis showed that the presence of alpha-thalassemia -3.7-kb mutation (αα/-α and -α/-α) decreased the risk of stroke development (p = 0.046), priapism (p = 0.033), and cholelithiasis (p = 0.021). Furthermore, the cumulative incidence of stroke (p = 0.023) and cholelithiasis (p = 0.006) was also significantly lower for patients carrying the alpha thalassemia -3.7-kb mutation. No clinical effects were associated with the beta-globin haplotype analysis, which could be explained by the relatively homogeneous haplotype composition in our cohort. Our results reinforce that alpha thalassemia can provide protective functions against hemolysis-related symptoms in SCA. Although, several genetic modifiers can impact the inflammatory state of SCA patients, the alpha thalassemia mutation remains one of the most recurrent genetic aberration and should therefore always be considered first.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Talassemia alfa/complicações , Globinas beta/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anemia Falciforme/sangue , Anemia Falciforme/genética , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/epidemiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Colelitíase/epidemiologia , Colelitíase/etiologia , Feminino , Hemoglobina Fetal/análise , Seguimentos , Haplótipos/genética , Hemólise , Humanos , Úlcera da Perna/epidemiologia , Úlcera da Perna/etiologia , Masculino , Mutação , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem , Talassemia alfa/sangue , Talassemia alfa/genética
5.
Ann Hematol ; 100(4): 913-919, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479847

RESUMO

Numb chin syndrome is an uncommon presentation that has been reported as secondary to metastatic disease, trauma, and infections of the maxilla, mandible, or oral cavity. The hypoesthesia, paraesthesia, or pain are a result of injury to the inferior alveolar nerve, which is particularly vulnerable as it exits the mandible through the mandibular foramen as the mental nerve. In persons with sickle cell disease, it has been reported as a manifestation of mandibular vaso-occlusive crisis. This case series presents 13 patients with sickle cell disease who presented with numb chin syndrome, the largest number of cases that has been described in the literature to date. The report illustrates the wide variety of presentations and therefore possible differential diagnoses to consider. In this case series, the symptoms were associated with vaso-occlusive crises, allergic reactions, dental infections, malignancy, rheumatoid arthritis, and pregnancy. Most appeared to be self-limiting; however, one patient was having his second episode, and the numbness has persisted in three patients. The series illustrates that it is important not only to ensure that the source of the local vaso-occlusive crisis is treated, but also to not miss important differentials such as metastatic disease, where this can be the first presentation of malignancy and would represent a very poor prognosis. There is no reported successful treatment for the hypoesthesia in this case series, and this presents an area for further research.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Queixo/inervação , Hipestesia/etiologia , Nervo Mandibular/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Queixo/irrigação sanguínea , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Dor Facial/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipestesia/epidemiologia , Hipestesia/fisiopatologia , Jamaica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Traumatismos do Nervo Mandibular/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Síndrome , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(3): 105609, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429238

RESUMO

The case of a 70-year-old male presenting an ischemic stroke related to COVID-19 infection is described. He was initially admitted to the hospital with respiratory insufficiency syndrome secondary to pneumonia caused by SARS Co2. In the next days, he developed rapid neurological deterioration characterized by drowsiness which progressed to deep coma. D-dimer was elevated. Brain CT scan showed bilateral massive ischemic stroke located in the anterior circulation, CT angiogram showed occlusion in the left internal carotid artery and the right middle cerebral artery. The deterioration of the patient continued and he subsequently died. Large vessel occlusion has been reported in COVID-19 patients, but this clinical presentation is usually unilateral. Cases of bilateral occlusion of large vessels have not been previously reported in COVID-19 patients. This report shows that bilateral massive stroke may occur in COVID-19 cases and it should be suspected in patients who show rapid neurological deterioration without focal deficits.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , /etiologia , Idoso , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose das Carótidas/etiologia , Coma/etiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/etiologia , Masculino , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Trombectomia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23227, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When atherosclerosis occurs in the coronary artery, resulting in stenosis, occlusion, or spasm of the coronary artery, the supply of blood and oxygen to the myocardium will be reduced or even unavailable, resulting in myocardial necrosis and heart pain, chest tightness, dyspnea and other symptoms caused by myocardial necrosis are collectively referred to as coronary atherosclerotic heart disease. Coronary angiography can not only understand the degree of coronary artery damage, but also estimate the prognosis of coronary artery stenting, which provides a reliable reference for clinical treatment. Transradial coronary angiography (TCA) has the advantages of high success rate, small trauma, less complications, no bed rest, reduce hospital stay and other superiority, which accepted and used by physicians. Although the success rate of surgery is high, the postoperative complications will still affect the effect of surgery and the prognosis of patients. The main manifestations are radial artery occlusion (RAO), forearm hematoma formation, pseudoaneurysm formation, periosteal compartment syndrome, radial artery perforation, etc. Among the many ways to prevent RAO, anticoagulant therapy with common heparin is one of them, but the dosage of heparin is not clear. Therefore, we decided to use systematic evaluation to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of different dose of heparin in preventing of RAO, and to provide clinical basis for the early prevention and treatment of RAO. METHODS: Two reviewers independently searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrance Library, Web of Science, Medline, CBM Disc, CNKI, and WANFANG Data to find the eligible research. The retrieval about the randomized controlled trials of different dose of heparin in preventing the occurrence of RAO after TCA in recent years. The retrieval time is set between January 1990 and June 2020. The retrieval language is Chinese/English. Two researchers independently searched, managed and screened the literature through the search terms. When the 2 parties have inconsistent opinions on the inclusion or not of certain literature, the literature will be referred to the third researcher for discussion and decision. The included studies are conducted bias risk assessment through bias risk assessment tool, which based on Cochrane Handbook 5.0. The extracted data uses RevMan5.3 software for statistical processing. RESULTS: The research results of this systematic review will be published in peer-reviewed medical-related academic journals. CONCLUSION: This study adopts the Meta-analysis method and expands the sample size, which will give high-quality evidence-based medicine evidence on the clinical effectiveness and safety of different dose of heparin in preventing the occurrence of RAO. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: OSF, DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/CPXJ3.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Artéria Radial/anormalidades , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 847-851, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120447

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine the prognosis factors for readmission after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients in the Chinese population. Methods: A total of 1 129 AAA patients who underwent EVAR at Department of Vascular Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, from January 2010 to December 2017 were enrolled. There were 948 males and 181 females, with an age of (71.2±9.6) years (range: 18 to 93 years). Comorbidities included primary hypertension found in 630 patients, diabetes mellitus in 129 patients and coronary heart disease in 163 patients. A total of 214 patients had a history of smoking, and 11 patients had a history of previous aortic intervention.Clinical data including baseline information, laboratory examinations and follow-up data before December 31, 2019 were retrospectively collected. The primary end point was readmission. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the prognosis factors for the end point. Results: All patients completed at least one follow-up with a follow-up time of 22.7(42.6) months (range: 1 to 120 months). The readmission rate of 1 year post-operation was 4.52% (51/1 129). The overall readmission rate was 11.34% (128/1 129) during the whole follow-up duration. The main reasons of readmission included endoleak in 60 patients with readmission, iliac limb occlusion in 25 patients and distal iliac aneurysm in 12 patients. Age (HR=0.972, 95%CI: 0.956 to 0.987, P<0.01) and elevated pre-operative fibrinogen level (HR=2.213, 95%CI: 1.185 to 4.134, P=0.013) were found to be the prognosis factors for the survival time free from aortic-related readmission in univariate Cox regression analysis. Elevated pre-operative fibrinogen level (HR=2.542, 95%CI: 1.353 to 4.776, P=0.004) was found to be the prognosis factor for the survival time free from aortic-related readmission in multivariate Cox regression analysis. Conclusions: The most common reason for readmission was endoleak, followed by iliac limb occlusion and distal iliac aneurysm. Elevated pre-operative fibri nogen level was the risk factor for the survival time free from aortic-related readmission, though further researches were warranted for exploring the underlying mechanism.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/etiologia , Artéria Ilíaca , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22935, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120851

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Recent research shows that in-stent restenosis (ISR) occurs in half of the patients treated with stenting of femoral and popliteal artery for lower extremity arteriosclerotic occlusive disease (LEASO). Combined therapy is mainly used clinically to obtain better medium- and long-term treatment outcomes and reduce the occurrences of reintervention, among which, the combination of excimer laser ablation (ELA) and drug eluting balloon (DEB) is a new and effective choice. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 76-year-old male patient with ISR of right superficial femoral artery after stent implantation was reported. DIAGNOSIS: Rechecking angiography indicated severe occlusion of the right superficial femoral artery. The physical examination showed that bilateral femoral and popliteal arteries were accessible whereas right dorsalis and posterior tibial arteries are unaccessible. Ankleolus brachial index (ABI) was 0.92 for left and 0.58 for right. INTERVENTIONS: We performed the operation with ELA and drug balloon DEB on the right superficial femoral artery under local anesthesia and treated with oral antiplatelet drugs after operation. OUTCOMES: The combination treatment was very successful, and postoperative lower extremity arteriogram showed the blood flow was fluent and fast. No recurrence was discovered 3 months after the operation and he had no obvious symptom of claudication. LESSONS: The combination of ELA and DEB is useful and effective for ISR of peripheral vessel after stent implantation, and this surgical method is worthwhile but need further clinical research for safety confirmation.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão a Laser/métodos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Lasers de Excimer/normas , Stents/efeitos adversos , Administração Oral , Idoso , Angiografia/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Stents Farmacológicos/normas , Artéria Femoral/patologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Semin Thromb Hemost ; 46(7): 850-852, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886934
11.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 60(9): 609-613, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779596

RESUMO

A 23-year-old man admitted to our hospital with headache and dysarthria. Head MRI showed multiple acute cerebral infarctions in the right posterior circulation. Atlantoaxial dislocation, atlas dysplasia and thrombotic occlusion of right vertebral artery (VA), and blood flow disruption due to cervical rotation was observed. The axial dental process bordered to the right VA, and repeated contact stimulation by cervical rotation may cause intimal damage resulting in thrombotic occlusion. In this case, various systemic malformations such as atrial septal defect, atlas posterior arch hypoplasia, bovine left common carotid bifurcation malformation, double inferior vena cava and horseshoe kidney may have been congenital syndromes. Atlantoaxial dislocation may be an important and under-recognized cause of stroke in young adults.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Articulação Atlantoaxial , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/complicações , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Atlas Cervical , Luxações Articulares/complicações , Pescoço/fisiologia , Rotação , Trombose/etiologia , Artéria Vertebral , Adulto , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Atlantoaxial/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Atlas Cervical/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Síndrome , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
12.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620936776, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687449

RESUMO

COVID-19 has proven to be particularly challenging given the complex pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2. Early data have demonstrated how the host response to this novel coronavirus leads to the proliferation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, massive endothelial damage, and generalized vascular manifestations. While SARS-CoV-2 primarily targets the upper and lower respiratory tract, other organ systems are also affected. SARS-CoV-2 relies on 2 host cell receptors for successful attachment: angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 and transmembrane protease serine 2. Clinicopathologic reports have demonstrated associations between severe COVID-19 and viral coagulopathy, resulting in pulmonary embolism; venous, arterial, and microvascular thrombosis; lung endothelial injury; and associated thrombotic complications leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome. Viral coagulopathy is not novel given similar observations with SARS classic, including the consumption of platelets, generation of thrombin, and increased fibrin degradation product exhibiting overt disseminated intravascular coagulation-like syndrome. The specific mechanism(s) behind the thrombotic complications in COVID-19 patients has yet to be fully understood. Parenteral anticoagulants, such as heparin and low-molecular-weights heparins, are widely used in the management of COVID-19 patients. Beyond the primary (anticoagulant) effects of these agents, they may exhibit antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and cytoprotective effects. Direct oral anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents are also useful in the management of these patients. Tissue plasminogen activator and other fibrinolytic modalities may also be helpful in the overall management. Catheter-directed thrombolysis can be used in patients developing pulmonary embolism. Further investigations are required to understand the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of COVID-19-associated thrombotic complications.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Trombofilia/etiologia , Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/virologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Cateterismo de Swan-Ganz , Terapia Combinada , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Endotélio Vascular/virologia , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Oxigenação Hiperbárica , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Embolia Pulmonar/virologia , Terapia Trombolítica/instrumentação , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Trombofilia/fisiopatologia , Trombofilia/terapia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia , Trombose Venosa/virologia , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620938149, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677459

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) is caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and is characterized by an exaggerated inflammatory response that can lead to severe manifestations such as adult respiratory syndrome, sepsis, coagulopathy, and death in a proportion of patients. Among other factors and direct viral effects, the increase in the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II, the decrease in the vasodilator angiotensin, and the sepsis-induced release of cytokines can trigger a coagulopathy in COVID-19. A coagulopathy has been reported in up to 50% of patients with severe COVID-19 manifestations. An increase in d-dimer is the most significant change in coagulation parameters in severe COVID-19 patients, and progressively increasing values can be used as a prognostic parameter indicating a worse outcome. Limited data suggest a high incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in up to 40% of patients, despite the use of a standard dose of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in most cases. In addition, pulmonary microvascular thrombosis has been reported and may play a role in progressive lung failure. Prophylactic LMWH has been recommended by the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) and the American Society of Hematology (ASH), but the best effective dosage is uncertain. Adapted to the individual risk of thrombosis and the d-dimer value, higher doses can be considered, especially since bleeding events in COVID-19 are rare. Besides the anticoagulant effect of LMWH, nonanticoagulant properties such as the reduction in interleukin 6 release have been shown to improve the complex picture of coagulopathy in patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Trombofilia/etiologia , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/sangue , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/epidemiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/sangue , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/etiologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/prevenção & controle , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Incidência , Inflamação , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Risco , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/complicações , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/sangue , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/complicações , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Trombofilia/sangue , Trombofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/epidemiologia , Trombose/etiologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/prevenção & controle , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico
15.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 646-649, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638640

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic multisystem inflammatory condition with associated endothelial dysfunction and dysregulated coagulation. Although deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in IBD has been well described, arterial thrombosis and thromboembolism are less commonly appreciated. METHODS: A 63-year-old male with a known history of Crohn disease presented with acute-onset right arm pain. His past vascular history was significant for left lower extremity DVT with an existing inferior vena cava filter and acute ischemia of the right lower extremity requiring a below-knee amputation a year ago. Imaging revealed acute brachial, ulnar, and radial artery thrombosis. RESULTS: Patient underwent an open right brachial, radial, and ulnar thrombectomy to restore vascular flow. He required multiple exploration and thrombectomy for reocclusion of the vessels in the early postoperative period. He later developed a rapidly deteriorating clinical status, flank ecchymosis and swelling concerning for soft tissue ischemia, and compartment syndrome heralding an eventual hemodynamic collapse. On exploration, he was found to have chronic fibrosis of his left femoral vein and femoral artery occlusion. Clinically, the patient deteriorated rapidly, which resulted in his demise. CONCLUSION: The inflammatory reaction in IBD leads to arterial stiffening and hypercoagulability, which should theoretically increase the risk for vascular disease. Although the link between IBD and DVT is well established, arterial thrombosis and thromboembolism remain widely debated, with some implications for therapeutic intervention. The link between vascular thrombosis and IBD must be examined further, as the treatment and prevention of vascular complications in IBD depends on our understanding of this relationship.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Artéria Femoral , Veia Femoral , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Superior/irrigação sanguínea , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Evolução Fatal , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Veia Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Femoral/fisiopatologia , Veia Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia
16.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(8): 104982, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32689586

RESUMO

We report a case of ophthalmic artery occlusion (OAO) in a young patient with COVID-19 infection that was on therapeutic anticoagulation with apixaban for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). A 48-year-old man with obesity was hospitalized with a severe form of COVID-19 infection, complicated with acute respiratory failure, septic shock, dilated cardiomyopathy and fungemia. Despite treatment with prophylactic enoxaparin (initial D-Dimer 1.14 µg/ml FEU (normal < 0.05 µg/ml FEU), D-Dimer increased to above 20 µg/ml FEU and patient continued to spike high fevers. This prompted further investigations and upper and lower extremities DVTs were confirmed and managed with enoxaparin 1 mg/kg twice daily. D-dimer level decreased to 4.98 µg/ml FEU while on therapeutic anticoagulation. Three weeks later pending hospital discharge, the anticoagulation was switched to oral apixaban 10 mg twice daily. Patient developed acute severe right eye visual loss of no light perception and was diagnosed with incomplete OAO. D-Dimer was elevated at 2.13 µg/ml FEU. Stroke etiological work-up found no embolic sources, resolution of the dilated cardiomyopathy and negative antiphospholipid antibodies. Treatment was changed to enoxaparin and no thrombotic events were encountered to date. Ocular vascular complications have not yet been reported in COVID-19. Controversy exists on the best management algorithm for the hypercoagulable state associated to COVID-19 Either direct oral anticoagulants or low-molecular-weight-heparin are considered appropriate at discharge for patients with venous thromboembolism. The optimum regimen for ischemic stroke prevention and the significance of D-Dimer for anticoagulation monitoring in COVID-19 remain unclear.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Artéria Oftálmica , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Substituição de Medicamentos , Enoxaparina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Oftálmica/diagnóstico por imagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Pirazóis/efeitos adversos , Piridonas/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/virologia
17.
J Crit Care ; 59: 32-34, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512349

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus strain known as SARS-CoV-2 has rapidly spread around the world creating distinct challenges to the healthcare workforce. Coagulopathy contributing to significant morbidity in critically ill patients with SARS-CoV-2 has now been well documented. We discuss two cases selected from patients requiring critical care in April 2020 in New York City with a unique clinical course. Both cases reveal significant thrombotic events noted on imaging during their hospital course. Obtaining serial inflammatory markers in conjunction with anti-phospholipid antibody testing revealed clinically significant Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). This case series reviews the details preceding APS observed in SARS-CoV-2 and aims to report findings that could potentially further our understanding of the disease.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticardiolipina/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Trombose/sangue , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Infarto do Baço/etiologia , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/etiologia , Artérias da Tíbia
18.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther ; 25(6): 556-563, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although prevention of radial artery thrombosis and cardiac complications after interventions using radial access is well investigated, there is yet no clinical study that completely evaluated access-related complications. However, there is still no consensus on what exact treatment should be used in these patients. In clinical practice, analgesic, anticoagulant, and antiplatelet treatments usually improve symptoms in patients with pain; however, in some patients, complaints may persist and may not respond to these treatments. In these patients, low-risk embolectomy with a small skin incision may be beneficial. METHODS: A total of 102 patients with radial artery thrombosis after cardiac catheterization were included in the study between 2016 March and 2018 December. After the patients' initial evaluation, anticoagulation with enoxaparin or tinzaparin and antiplatelet therapy with acetylsalicylic acid and oral/local analgesic/anti-inflammatory and local anesthetic therapy were administered for 1 month. Patients whose symptoms resolved after medical treatment were followed up as outpatients. Embolectomy was performed in consenting patients who did not respond to the medical treatment. RESULTS: Of 102 patients included in the study, 33 underwent embolectomy, whereas 69 received only medical treatment. None of the patients experienced any complications, morbidity, or mortality in the peroperative period and during the medical treatment. The pretreatment symptom scores of patients who actively use their hands in daily life and profession were significantly higher than the scores of patients who are relatively less active (P = .013). Pretreatment symptom scores were negatively correlated with age (r = -0.584); symptom scores increased significantly with the decrease of patient age. No benefit from medical treatment and need for surgery was significantly greater in patients who are younger and use their hands actively in daily life and profession (P = .028). The decrease in symptom scores after treatment was significantly greater in the surgical group than in the medical group (P = .003). CONCLUSION: Radial access should be exercised with care in patients who may develop significant thrombosis-related complaints and it is necessary to decide whether radial access is essential. If patients have ongoing symptoms despite medical treatment, embolectomy can be considered as a treatment option.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Embolectomia , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Trombose/terapia , Idoso , Anestesia Local/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Embolectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Trombose/etiologia , Falha de Tratamento , Turquia
19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 450.e1-450.e5, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534020

RESUMO

The middle aortic syndrome (MAS) is an uncommon clinical expression as a result of isolated stenosis or complete occlusion of the descending thoracic and/or abdominal aorta; Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare vasculitis and a recognized etiology of MAS. We herein present the case of a 52-year-old woman with refractory renovascular hypertension and progressive bilateral lower extremity claudication; she had known history of TA. A computed tomography angiography demonstrated an aortic occlusive lesion compromising the origin of the celiac trunk, superior mesenteric, and bilateral renal arteries. The patient underwent a complex aortic reconstruction with visceral and renal vessels revascularization utilizing a back-table hand-crafted 4-branch Dacron graft through a left thoracoabdominal approach. The patient recovered uneventfully and was discharged on postoperative day 5, and at 36 months from her surgery, she remains symptoms-free and without antihypertensive agents.


Assuntos
Aorta/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Artéria Celíaca/cirurgia , Artéria Mesentérica Superior/cirurgia , Polietilenotereftalatos , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/etiologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Artéria Celíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Mesentérica Superior/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
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