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1.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0243348, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disease and psoriatic arthritis is a common coexisting condition. Cardiorespiratory fitness is the overall capacity to perform exertion exercise. Low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with negative health outcomes. Individuals with psoriasis have lower cardiorespiratory fitness compared with individuals without psoriasis. There are no previous studies exploring the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and new-onset psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. METHODS: With the objective to investigate whether low cardiorespiratory fitness in late adolescence increases the risk for onset of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, a cohort of Swedish men in compulsory military service between 1968 and 2005 was created using data from the Swedish Military Service Conscription Register. Cardiorespiratory fitness, estimated by maximum capacity cycle ergometer testing at conscription, was divided into three groups: high, medium, and low. Diagnoses were obtained using the Swedish National Patient Register and cohort members were followed from conscription until an event, new-onset psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis, occurred, or at the latest until 31 December 2016. Cox regression models adjusted for confounders at conscription were used to obtain hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals for incident psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. RESULTS: During the follow-up period (median follow-up time 31 years, range 0-48 years), 20,679 cases of incident psoriasis and 6,133 cases of incident psoriatic arthritis were found among 1,228,562 men (mean age at baseline 18.3 years). There was a significant association between low cardiorespiratory fitness and incident psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (hazard ratio 1.35 (95% confidence interval 1.26-1.44) and 1.44 (95% confidence interval 1.28-1.63), respectively). CONCLUSIONS: These novel findings suggest that low cardiorespiratory fitness at an early age is associated with increased risk of incident psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis among men, and highlight the importance of assessing cardiorespiratory fitness early in life.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Suécia/epidemiologia
2.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402443

RESUMO

AIMS: In Danish patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases to explore self-protection strategies and health behaviour including adherence to disease-modifying antirheumatic treatment (DMARD) during the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic and again after the reopening of the society started. Furthermore, to identify characteristics of patients with high levels of anxiety and self-isolation. METHODS: Patients in routine care followed prospectively in the nationwide DANBIO registry were invited to answer an online questionnaire regarding disease activity and COVID-19 infection, behaviour in March and June 2020. Responses were linked to patient data in DANBIO. Characteristics potentially associated with anxiety, self-isolation and medication adherence (gender/age/diagnosis/education/work status/comorbidity/DMARD/smoking/EQ-5D/disease activity) were explored with multivariable logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: We included 12 789 patients (8168 rheumatoid arthritis/2068 psoriatic arthritis/1758 axial spondyloarthritis/795 other) of whom 65% were women and 36% treated with biological DMARD. Self-reported COVID-19 prevalence was 0.3%. Patients reported that they were worried to get COVID-19 infection (March/June: 70%/45%) and self-isolated more than others of the same age (48%/38%). The fraction of patients who changed medication due to fear of COVID-19 were 4.1%/0.6%. Female gender, comorbidities, not working, lower education, biological treatment and poor European Quality of life, 5 dimensions were associated with both anxiety and self-isolation. CONCLUSION: In >12 000 patients with inflammatory arthritis, we found widespread anxiety and self-isolation, but high medication adherence, in the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. This persisted during the gradual opening of society during the following months. Attention to patients' anxiety and self-isolation is important during this and potential future epidemics.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Pandemias , Doenças Reumáticas/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/psicologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/psicologia , /psicologia , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quarentena/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Espondiloartropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Espondiloartropatias/epidemiologia , Espondiloartropatias/psicologia
3.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 2, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152742

RESUMO

Abstract Large epidemiologic and clinical estimates of spondyloarthritis (SpA) in Latin America are not available. In this narrative review, our goal was to descriptively summarize the prevalence and features of SpA in Latin America, based on available small studies. A review of peer-reviewed literature identified 41 relevant publications. Of these, 11 (mostly based on Mexican data) estimated the prevalence of SpA and its subtypes, which varied from 0.28 to 0.9% (SpA), 0.02 to 0.8% (ankylosing spondylitis), 0.2 to 0.9% (axial SpA), and 0.004 to 0.08% (psoriatic arthritis). Demographic and/or clinical characteristics were reported in 31 of the 41 publications, deriving data from 3 multinational studies, as well as individual studies from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Data relating to treatment, disease manifestations (articular and extra-articular), and comorbidities were summarized across the countries. Available data suggest that there is a variability in prevalence, manifestations, and comorbidities of SpA across Latin America. Basic epidemiologic and clinical data are required from several countries not currently represented. Data relating to current treatment approaches, patient outcomes, and socioeconomic impact within this large geographic region are also needed.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Demografia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , América Latina/epidemiologia
4.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 1048-1055, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), to investigate whether there is a difference in the prevalence of depression and anxiety between PsA and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to identify associated risk factors for depression and anxiety in PsA patients. METHODS: PsA and RA patients who visited Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology in Peking University First Hospital from May 2018 to Sep 2019 were recruited. Self-rating anxiety scale and self-rating depression scale were surveyed and compared between PsA and RA patients. Demographics and clinical features including age, gender, disease duration, disease activity score, psoriasis area and severity index (PASI), and medical application were collected. Power Doppler and grey-scale ultrasound of joints, tenosynovitis and enthesis were performed. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to identify the factors associated with mood disorders and the odds ratio of depression and anxiety between the PsA and RA patients. RESULTS: Among the 114 enrolled PsA patients, 37 (32.5%) had mood disorders, in which 36 (31.6%) with depression and 15 (13.2%) with anxiety. Compared with 201 RA patients, PsA patients showed greater odds for depression [adjusted OR (95%CI): 2.7 (1.1-6.4)]. Depression was more often observed in the PsA than in the RA patients (31.6% vs. 18.9%, P=0.011). The similar trend for anxiety was also observed, although the difference was insignificant (13.2% vs. 8.5%, P=0.185). Age (OR=0.95, P=0.008), psoriasis duration (OR=0.94, P=0.018), pain visual analogue scale (OR=1.47, P=0.011), PASI score (OR=1.07, P=0.007) and presence of ultrasound enthesitis (OR=4.13, P=0.009) were identified as factors associated with depression in the PsA patients. PASI score (OR=1.07, P=0.001) was identified as associated factor for anxiety in the PsA patients. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of depression and anxiety is elevated in PsA patients. Depression is significantly more prevalent in PsA patients than in RA patients. Younger age, shorter psoriasis duration, worse pain and presence of ultrasound enthesitis are associated with depression, while severe psoriasis rash is associated with both depression and anxiety in PsA patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica , Entesopatia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos , Prevalência
5.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(12): 3529-3531, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011932
6.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(10): 1593-1598, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical characteristics of patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) and immunosuppressive therapies with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at an academic rheumatology center in Madrid and to identify baseline variables associated with a severe infection requiring hospitalization. METHODS: We identified SARS-CoV-2 positive cases by polymerase chain reaction performed at our center within an updated RMDs database in our clinic. Additional RMDs patients were identified when they contacted the clinic because of a positive infection. Data extraction included diagnosis, demographics, immunosuppressive treatment, comorbidities, and laboratory tests. Comparisons between patients with or without hospitalization were performed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze associations between baseline variables and need for hospitalization. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients with COVID-19 and underlying RMDs were identified by April 24, 2020. Median age was 60.9 years, and 42% men. Forty-two patients required hospitalization; these were more frequently men, older and with comorbidities. There were no statistically significant between-group differences for rheumatologic diagnosis and for baseline use of immunosuppressive therapy except for glucocorticoids that were more frequent in hospitalized patients. Total deaths were 10 (16%) patients. In multivariate analysis, male sex (odds ratio [OR], 8.63; p = 0.018), previous lung disease (OR, 27.47; p = 0.042), and glucocorticoids use (> 5 mg/day) (OR, 9.95; p = 0.019) were significantly associated to hospitalization. CONCLUSION: Neither specific RMD diagnoses or exposures to DMARDs were associated with increased odds of hospitalization. Being male, previous lung disease and exposure to glucocorticoids were associated with higher odds of hospitalization in RMDs patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Modelos Logísticos , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia
7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(12): 1544-1549, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The impact of inflammatory rheumatic diseases on COVID-19 severity is poorly known. Here, we compare the outcomes of a cohort of patients with rheumatic diseases with a matched control cohort to identify potential risk factors for severe illness. METHODS: In this comparative cohort study, we identified hospital PCR+COVID-19 rheumatic patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis (IA) or connective tissue diseases (CTDs). Non-rheumatic controls were randomly sampled 1:1 and matched by age, sex and PCR date. The main outcome was severe COVID-19, defined as death, invasive ventilation, intensive care unit admission or serious complications. We assessed the association between the outcome and the potential prognostic variables, adjusted by COVID-19 treatment, using logistic regression. RESULTS: The cohorts were composed of 456 rheumatic and non-rheumatic patients, in equal numbers. Mean age was 63 (IQR 53-78) years and male sex 41% in both cohorts. Rheumatic diseases were IA (60%) and CTD (40%). Most patients (74%) had been hospitalised, and the risk of severe COVID-19 was 31.6% in the rheumatic and 28.1% in the non-rheumatic cohort. Ageing, male sex and previous comorbidity (obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular or lung disease) increased the risk in the rheumatic cohort by bivariate analysis. In logistic regression analysis, independent factors associated with severe COVID-19 were increased age (OR 4.83; 95% CI 2.78 to 8.36), male sex (1.93; CI 1.21 to 3.07) and having a CTD (OR 1.82; CI 1.00 to 3.30). CONCLUSION: In hospitalised patients with chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases, having a CTD but not IA nor previous immunosuppressive therapies was associated with severe COVID-19.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Espondiloartropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Monofosfato de Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Monofosfato de Adenosina/uso terapêutico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Alanina/análogos & derivados , Alanina/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Modelos Logísticos , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Polimialgia Reumática/complicações , Polimialgia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Polimialgia Reumática/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais
8.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237117, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe fatigue in relation to disease-specific and socioeconomic factors and to test possible correlations between fatigue and work impairment, quality of life, pain, sleep, depression, and physical functioning in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey collecting patient characteristics such as disease characteristics, socioeconomic factors and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from patients with RA, PsA and axSpA in Denmark. PRO scales included the FACIT-Fatigue sub-scale, Work Productivity and Activity Impairment scale (WPAI), EuroQol (EQ-5D), Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale (MOS), Major Depression Inventory (MDI), and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). Respondents were recruited via routine visits to the outpatient rheumatology clinic; information on diagnosis, treatment and disease activity was collected from medical journals by trained nurses. RESULTS: 487 patients participated in the study. Fatigue was more present in women, experienced patients, and patients who changed medication in the past 12 months, who were unemployed, who had less education, and who had lower household income. There was no statistically significant difference between mean fatigue in the three diagnostic groups (p = 0.08). Fatigue correlated with all included PROs (Pearson correlation coefficients, p<0.0001). Stratifying for diagnosis and adjusting for socioeconomic factors did not change the conclusion. CONCLUSION: In a stable, representative group of patients with RA, PsA and axSpA, we found significant correlations between fatigue and work impairment, quality of life, pain, sleep, depression and physical functioning. Fatigue cannot be perceived as a single problem, but rather as a symptom that affects broadly.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Dinamarca , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
9.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(11): 3195-3204, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852623

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Covid-19 infection poses a serious challenge for immune-compromised patients with inflammatory autoimmune systemic diseases. We investigated the clinical-epidemiological findings of 1641 autoimmune systemic disease Italian patients during the Covid-19 pandemic. METHOD: This observational multicenter study included 1641 unselected patients with autoimmune systemic diseases from three Italian geographical areas with different prevalence of Covid-19 [high in north (Emilia Romagna), medium in central (Tuscany), and low in south (Calabria)] by means of telephone 6-week survey. Covid-19 was classified as (1) definite diagnosis of Covid-19 disease: presence of symptomatic Covid-19 infection, confirmed by positive oral/nasopharyngeal swabs; (2) highly suspected Covid-19 disease: presence of highly suggestive symptoms, in absence of a swab test. RESULTS: A significantly higher prevalence of patients with definite diagnosis of Covid-19 disease, or with highly suspected Covid-19 disease, or both the conditions together, was observed in the whole autoimmune systemic disease series, compared to "Italian general population" (p = .030, p = .001, p = .000, respectively); and for definite + highly suspected diagnosis of Covid-19 disease, in patients with autoimmune systemic diseases of the three regions (p = .000, for all comparisons with the respective regional general population). Moreover, significantly higher prevalence of definite + highly suspected diagnosis of Covid-19 disease was found either in patients with various "connective tissue diseases" compared to "inflammatory arthritis group" (p < .000), or in patients without ongoing conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs treatments (p = .011). CONCLUSIONS: The finding of a higher prevalence of Covid-19 in patients with autoimmune systemic diseases is particularly important, suggesting the need to develop valuable prevention/management strategies, and stimulates in-depth investigations to verify the possible interactions between Covid-19 infection and impaired immune-system of autoimmune systemic diseases. Key Points • Significantly higher prevalence of Covid-19 is observed in a large series of patients with autoimmune systemic diseases compared to the Italian general population, mainly due to patients' increased susceptibility to infections and favored by the high exposure to the virus at medical facilities before the restriction measures on individual movement. • The actual prevalence of Covid-19 in autoimmune systemic diseases may be underestimated, possibly due to the wide clinical overlapping between the two conditions, the generally mild Covid-19 disease manifestations, and the limited availability of virological testing. • Patients with "connective tissue diseases" show a significantly higher prevalence of Covid-19, possibly due to deeper immune-system impairment, with respect to "inflammatory arthritis group". • Covid-19 is more frequent in the subgroup of autoimmune systemic diseases patients without ongoing conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, mainly hydroxyl-chloroquine and methotrexate, which might play some protective role against the most harmful manifestations of Covid-19.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/fisiopatologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Dermatomiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Dermatomiosite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/epidemiologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/fisiopatologia
11.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234556, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555622

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is very heterogeneous. There are no data on its frequency in the general population in Spain. The aim of EPISER2016 study was to estimate the prevalence of PsA in people aged ≥20 years in Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional multicenter population-based study. Subjects from all the autonomous communities in Spain were randomly selected using multistage stratified cluster sampling. Participants in each of the municipalities randomly selected for the study were administered a telephone-based questionnaire to screen for the study diseases. If the participant reported being previously diagnosed, rheumatologists from the participant's reference hospital confirmed the diagnosis based on a review of the clinical history. Subjects not previously diagnosed but whose screening result was positive based on symptoms received a second telephone call from the investigating rheumatologist in order to evaluate the suspicion. If the suspicion remained, an appointment was made at the reference hospital to complete the diagnostic confirmation process according to CASPAR criteria. To calculate the prevalence and its 95% confidence interval (CI), the sample design was taken into account and weighing was calculated considering age, sex and geographic origin. RESULTS: The sample comprised 4916 subjects. The prevalence of PsA was 0.58% (95%CI: 0.38-0.87). All but 1 of the 27 cases (96.30%) had been diagnosed prior to EPISER2016. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of PsA in Spain was among the highest reported to date, only below that reported in Norway (0.67%) and slightly higher than that reported in Italy (0.42%).


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Itália , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Prevalência , Reumatologistas , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 16(3): 203-215, mayo-jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194353

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Generar una norma de calidad para el manejo del paciente con artritis psoriásica (APs). MÉTODOS: Metodología cualitativa que incluyó: 1) dos grupos focales (uno con pacientes con APs y otro con especialistas no reumatólogos implicados en su cuidado); 2) revisión de la literatura publicada sobre documentos en el ámbito de la calidad asistencial en APs; 3) reunión de grupo nominal donde 15 expertos reumatólogos generaron, de forma consensuada, una serie de criterios de calidad así como fórmulas o medidas objetivas cuantificables para evaluarlas; 4) Delphi para establecer la factibilidad, prioridad y grado de acuerdo con los criterios de calidad, y 5) generación de estándares de calidad y sus atributos. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los resultados. RESULTADOS: Se generaron 59 estándares de calidad, 18 de los cuales de cumplimiento obligatorio, agrupados en 4 bloques según unos objetivos específicos: 1) acortar el tiempo hasta el diagnóstico (n=6); 2) optimizar el manejo de la enfermedad (n=26); 3) mejorar la colaboración multidisciplinar (n=9), y 4) mejorar la monitorización (n=18). Para evaluar el cumplimiento de estos estándares en muchos casos se revisarán las historias clínicas. Otras fuentes serán la memoria del servicio y del hospital así como los buscadores bibliográficos. En cuanto al nivel de exigencia a la hora de considerar por cumplido el estándar, algunos son de tipo sí/no, otros están desde el 50 al 100%, y en este rango muchos en el 80%. CONCLUSIONES: Esta norma de calidad debe ayudar en la mejora de la calidad de atención para el paciente con APs


OBJECTIVE: To generate a quality standard for the management of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: We employed qualitative methodology that included: 1) Two focus groups (one with patients with PsA and another with non-rheumatologist specialists involved in the care of PsA patients); 2) A narrative literature review of published documents related to the quality of care in PsA; 3) A nominal group meeting in which 15 expert rheumatologists generated and reached a consensus on a series of quality criteria, as well as formulas or quantifiable objective measures to evaluate them; 4) The Delphi method to establish the feasibility, priority and agreement with the quality criteria; 5) A final generation of standards of care and their attributes. A descriptive analysis of the results was carried out. RESULTS: A total of 59 standards of care was generated, 18 of mandatory compliance, grouped into 4 blocks according to specific objectives: 1) early diagnosis (n=6); 2) optimizing the management of the disease (n=26); 3) multidisciplinary collaboration (n=9); 4) monitoring improvement (n=18). To assess compliance with these standards of care, in many cases, the medical records will be reviewed. Other sources will be the records of the service and hospital and bibliographic databases. Regarding the level of compliance, for some of the standards of care this is yes/no; for others, compliance ranges from 50% to 100% and, in this range, in many cases, compliance was 80%. CONCLUSIONS: This set of standards of care should help improve quality of care in PsA patients


Assuntos
Humanos , Padrões de Referência , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Projetos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Grupos Focais/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnica Delfos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente
13.
Med J Aust ; 212(11): 528-534, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388913

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that is commonly encountered in primary care and is associated with significant morbidity that extends beyond the skin manifestations. Psoriasis is associated with an elevated risk of psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular disease, obesity, insulin resistance, mental health disorders, certain types of malignancy, inflammatory bowel disease and other immune-related disorders, and hepatic and renal disease. Enhanced recognition of these comorbidities may lead to earlier diagnosis and potentially better overall health outcomes. Psoriatic nail involvement, severe skin disease and obesity are associated with a greater risk of psoriatic arthritis. Individuals with psoriasis should be routinely screened for psoriatic arthritis to allow for early intervention to improve long term prognosis. Life expectancy is reduced in people with psoriasis due to a variety of causes, with cardiovascular disease and malignancy being the most common aetiologies. Psoriasis affects several factors that contribute to worsened quality of life and increased risk of depression and anxiety. Effective therapies are now available that have been shown to concurrently improve skin disease, quality of life and psychiatric symptoms. As the concordance between psychosocial impact and objective disease severity does not always correlate, it is essential to tailor management strategies specifically to the needs of each individual. Cigarette smoking and excess alcohol consumption are among the most important modifiable risk factors that increase the likelihood of psoriasis development and severity of skin disease. This provides a compelling rationale for smoking cessation and limiting alcohol intake in people with psoriasis beyond their traditional harmful health consequences.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/etiologia , Resistência à Insulina , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Neoplasias/etiologia , Obesidade/etiologia , Prognóstico , Psoríase/complicações , Fatores de Risco
14.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233781, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during treatment with interleukin (IL)-17 antagonists have been reported from trials in psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. The aim of this study was to assess the overall risk for development of IBD due to IL-17 inhibition. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies conducted 2010-2018 of treatment with IL-17 antagonists in patients with psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and rheumatoid arthritis. We compared risk of IBD development in anti-IL-17 treated patients compared to placebo treatments. We also computed incident rates of IBD overall. A 'worst case scenario' defining subjects ambiguous for prevalent versus incident cases for the latter was also applied. RESULTS: Sixty-six studies of 14,390 patients exposed to induction and 19,380 patients exposed to induction and/or maintenance treatment were included. During induction, 11 incident cases of IBD were reported, whereas 33 cases were diagnosed during the entire treatment period. There was no difference in the pooled risk of new-onset IBD during induction studies for both the best-case [risk difference (RD) 0.0001 (95% CI: -0.0011, 0.0013)] and worst-case scenario [RD 0.0008 (95% CI: -0.0005, 0.0022)]. The risk of IBD was not different from placebo when including data from maintenance and long-term extension studies [RD 0.0007 (95% CI: -0.0023, 0.0036) and RD 0.0022 (95% CI: -0.0010, 0.0055), respectively]. CONCLUSIONS: The risk for development of IBD in patients treated with IL-17 antagonists is not elevated. Prospective surveillance of patients treated with IL-17 antagonists with symptom and biomarker assessments is warranted to assess for onset of IBD in these patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Artrite Psoriásica , Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Espondilite Anquilosante , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/imunologia , Artrite Psoriásica/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/imunologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/patologia
15.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(7): 1472-1481, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236486

RESUMO

Tobacco smoking is a major threat to health. There is no doubt about the need to promote and support cessation at every opportunity. Smoking has a clear role in RA, but what evidence is there that the same relationship exists in SpA? In this review, we examine (the less cited) paradoxes and contradictions in the existing axial SpA (axSpA) and PsA literature; for example, smoking appears to be 'protective' for some axSpA manifestations. We also highlight findings from higher quality evidence: smoking is associated with increased risk of PsA and the risk of psoriasis in axSpA. The relationship between smoking and SpA is far from simple. Our aim is to highlight the harms of smoking in SpA and bring attention to inconsistencies in the literature to inform further research.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Fumar/epidemiologia , Idade de Início , Humanos , Fatores de Proteção , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Espondiloartropatias/epidemiologia
16.
Clin Immunol ; 214: 108397, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229290

RESUMO

Psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory arthropathy frequently associated with psoriasis and several other comorbidities. The goal of this review is to summarize the available evidence on the epidemiology, clinical implications, pathological mechanisms proposed, and screening and management recommendations for the comorbidities related with PsA. Reported comorbidities include cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, inflammatory bowel disease, fatty liver disease, uveitis, kidney disease, infections, osteoporosis, depression, central sensitization syndrome, and gout. Given that these comorbidities may affect both clinical outcomes and the management for these patients, their recognition and monitoring by all health-care providers caring for patients with psoriatic arthritis is of utmost importance.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Sensibilização do Sistema Nervoso Central , Comorbidade , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Depressão/epidemiologia , Gota/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infecções/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/fisiopatologia , Resistência à Insulina , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Programas de Rastreamento , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Risco , Uveíte/epidemiologia , Uveíte/fisiopatologia
17.
Clin Immunol ; 214: 108396, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229291

RESUMO

Approximately 5% of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are diagnosed with the psoriatic form of the disease. In recent years, there has been substantial scholarship demonstrating both heterogeneity within the disease as well as similarities with other forms of JIA, culminating in a recent proposal for the categorization of JIA that excluded the psoriatic form altogether. The purpose of the review is to summarize the clinical, epidemiologic, and genetic features of psoriatic JIA (PsJIA), comparing it with other categories of JIA including spondyloarthritis. We conclude that there are sufficient unique clinical and genetic features within PsJIA as well as similarities with its adult counterpart that warrant including it within the JIA paradigm.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/classificação , Artrite Psoriásica/classificação , Adulto , Idade de Início , Artrite Juvenil/epidemiologia , Artrite Juvenil/genética , Artrite Juvenil/imunologia , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/imunologia , Criança , Comorbidade , Humanos , Modelos Imunológicos , Espondilartrite/classificação
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(5)2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32121574

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by scaly indurated erythema. It impairs patients' quality of life enormously. It has been recognized not only as a skin disease but as a systemic disease, since it also causes arthritis (psoriatic arthritis) and mental disorders. Furthermore, an association with cardiovascular events is indicated. With the advent of biologics, treatment of psoriasis dramatically changed due to its high efficacy and tolerable safety. A variety of biologic agents are available for the treatment of psoriasis nowadays. However, characteristics such as rapidity of onset, long-term efficacy, safety profile, and effects on comorbidities are different. Better understanding of those characteristic leads to the right choice for individual patients, resulting in higher persistence, longer drug survival, higher patient satisfaction, and minimizing the disease impact of psoriasis. In this paper, we focus on the efficacy and safety profile of biologics in psoriasis patients, including plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. In addition, we discuss the impact of biologics on comorbidities caused by psoriasis.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3733, 2020 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111860

RESUMO

Childbearing women with rheumatoid (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) have significant peripartum issues. A retrospective anonymous RedCAP survey of peripartum period in females with RA/PsA in the RAPPORT registry was performed. Completed analyses included descriptive statistics, Chi-square and Fisher's exact test. 162 patients (133 RA/29 PsA) completed the survey (103 women having 234 pregnancies), 164 pregnancies occurring before and 70 pregnancies occurring after diagnosis. Pregnancy outcomes from 103 patients included: 96% live births, 1.9% stillbirths, 23% miscarriages, and 15% therapeutic abortions. A third of patients had fewer children than desired due to disease activity, medications and other reasons. For 63 pregnancies after diagnosis: (1) 49% of pregnancies received pre-conception counseling; (2) 65% described good disease control during pregnancy but 74% flared in the first 3 months postpartum; (3) 79% of pregnancies discontinued IA medications; (4) 35% of pregnancies occurred on biologic therapy at or prior to conception. Gestational age at time of delivery was 37-40 weeks in 58% (33/57) post-arthritis vs 66% (83/126) pre-arthritis pregnancies. No statistically significant differences occurred between pregnancies before or after RA/PsA diagnosis for: pregnancy planning, fertility treatment, pregnancy and labour/delivery complications, birth defect frequency or neonatal complications. Neonatal ICU admissions were significantly lower in pre- compared to post-arthritis pregnancies (3.2% vs 14.5%). No pregnancy complications were noted in 24/54 pregnancies on medications compared to 6/9 pregnancies not on medications. The impact of RA/PsA before, during and after pregnancy varied considerably in this cohort emphasizing the importance of informed-decision making at all stages.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/imunologia , Artrite Psoriásica/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Periparto/imunologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/imunologia , Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Adv Ther ; 37(5): 2098-2115, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141018

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We compared treatment switch patterns and healthcare costs among biologic-naive patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who initiated apremilast or biologics. METHODS: A 1:2 propensity score match was used to adjust administrative claims data for adults initiating apremilast or biologics from January 1, 2014, to September 30, 2016, for possible selection bias. Patients had at least 12 months of pre- and post-index continuous enrollment in the Optum Clinformatics™ Data Mart database. Outcomes included switch frequency, days to switch, adherence on index treatment, and healthcare costs (total and per patient per month). Switch rate was defined as the proportion of patients who switched to a new treatment after initiation of the index treatment, and days to switch was calculated as the days between initiation of the index treatment and initiation of the new treatment. Adherence was calculated using the proportion of days covered and the medication possession ratio. The t test and chi-square, Kaplan-Meier, and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests were used to evaluate differences between the cohorts. RESULTS: Patient characteristics and switch rates were similar between the matched apremilast (n = 170) and biologic (n = 327) cohorts. After matching, patient characteristics were similar between the matched cohorts. The 12-month switch rates were similar for patients initiating apremilast versus those on biologics (17.7% vs. 25.1%, P = 0.06). This trend was similar at 6 months (7.7% vs. 13.2%, P = 0.07) and 18 months (24.4% vs. 29.3%, P = 0.33). Regardless of treatment switching, 12-month total healthcare costs were lower with apremilast versus biologics (all: $28,423 vs. $41,178, P < 0.0001; switched: $39,803 vs. $51,517, P = 0.0040; did not switch: $25,984 vs. $37,717, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Biologic-naive patients with PsA who initiated apremilast had switch rates similar to biologic users and significantly lower healthcare costs, regardless of treatment switching.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/economia , Antirreumáticos/economia , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/economia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/economia , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Talidomida/economia , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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