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1.
PLoS Med ; 17(9): e1003296, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Based on different genetic and environmental risk factors and histology, it has been proposed that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) consists of 2 types: autoantibody-positive and autoantibody-negative RA. However, until now, this remained hypothetical. To assess this hypothesis, we studied whether the long-term outcomes differed for these 2 groups of RA patients. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In the Leiden Early Arthritis Clinic cohort, 1,285 consecutive RA patients were included between 1993 and 2016 and followed yearly. Treatment protocols in routine care improved over time, irrespective of autoantibody status, and 5 inclusion periods were used as instrumental variables: 1993-1996, delayed mild disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) initiation (reference period); 1997-2000, early mild DMARDs; 2001-2005, early methotrexate; 2006-2010, early methotrexate followed by treat-to-target adjustments; 2011-2016, similar to 2006-2010 plus additional efforts for very early referral. Three long-term outcomes were studied: sustained DMARD-free remission (SDFR) (persistent absence of clinical synovitis after DMARD cessation), mortality, and functional disability measured by yearly Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). Treatment response in the short term (disease activity) was measured by Disease Activity Score-28 with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR). Linear mixed models and Cox regression were used, stratified for autoantibody positivity, defined as IgG anti-CCP2 and/or IgM rheumatoid factor positivity. In total, 823 patients had autoantibody-positive RA (mean age 55 years, 67% female); 462 patients had autoantibody-negative RA (age 60 years, 64% female). Age, gender, and percentage of autoantibody-positive patients were stable throughout the inclusion periods. Disease activity significantly decreased over time within both groups. SDFR rates increased after introduction of treat-to-target (hazard ratio [HR] 2006-2010 relative to 1993-1996: 3.35 [95% CI 1.46 to 7.72; p = 0.004]; HR 2011-2016: 4.57 [95% CI 1.80 to 11.6; p = 0.001]) in autoantibody-positive RA, but not in autoantibody-negative RA. In autoantibody-positive RA, mortality decreased significantly after the introduction of treat-to-target treatment adjustments (HR 2006-2010: 0.56 [95% CI 0.34 to 0.92; p = 0.023]; HR 2011-2016: 0.33 [95% CI 0.14 to 0.77; p = 0.010]), but not in autoantibody-negative RA (HR 2006-2010: 0.79 [95% CI 0.40 to 1.56; p = 0.50]; HR 2011-2016: 0.36 [95% CI 0.10 to 1.34; p = 0.13]). Similarly, functional disability improved in autoantibody-positive RA for the periods after 2000 relative to 1993-1996 (range -0.16 [95% CI -0.29 to -0.03; p = 0.043] to -0.32 [95% CI -0.44 to -0.20; p < 0.001] units of improvement), but not in autoantibody-negative RA (range 0.10 [95% CI -0.12 to 0.31; p = 0.38] to -0.13 [95% CI -0.34 to 0.07; p = 0.20] units of improvement). Limitations to note were that treatment was not randomized-but it was protocolized and instrumental variable analysis was used to obtain comparable groups-and that a limited spread of ethnicities was included. CONCLUSIONS: Although disease activity has improved in both autoantibody-positive and autoantibody-negative RA in recent decades, the response in long-term outcomes differed. We propose that it is time to subdivide RA into autoantibody-positive RA (type 1) and autoantibody-negative RA (type 2), in the hope that this leads to stratified treatment in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Autoanticorpos/genética , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
2.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(10): 1593-1598, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical characteristics of patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) and immunosuppressive therapies with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at an academic rheumatology center in Madrid and to identify baseline variables associated with a severe infection requiring hospitalization. METHODS: We identified SARS-CoV-2 positive cases by polymerase chain reaction performed at our center within an updated RMDs database in our clinic. Additional RMDs patients were identified when they contacted the clinic because of a positive infection. Data extraction included diagnosis, demographics, immunosuppressive treatment, comorbidities, and laboratory tests. Comparisons between patients with or without hospitalization were performed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze associations between baseline variables and need for hospitalization. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients with COVID-19 and underlying RMDs were identified by April 24, 2020. Median age was 60.9 years, and 42% men. Forty-two patients required hospitalization; these were more frequently men, older and with comorbidities. There were no statistically significant between-group differences for rheumatologic diagnosis and for baseline use of immunosuppressive therapy except for glucocorticoids that were more frequent in hospitalized patients. Total deaths were 10 (16%) patients. In multivariate analysis, male sex (odds ratio [OR], 8.63; p = 0.018), previous lung disease (OR, 27.47; p = 0.042), and glucocorticoids use (> 5 mg/day) (OR, 9.95; p = 0.019) were significantly associated to hospitalization. CONCLUSION: Neither specific RMD diagnoses or exposures to DMARDs were associated with increased odds of hospitalization. Being male, previous lung disease and exposure to glucocorticoids were associated with higher odds of hospitalization in RMDs patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Modelos Logísticos , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia
3.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 72(9): 1248-1256, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32754989

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) versus the risk among 4 different comparison cohorts. METHODS: Using a large US commercial insurance database, Optum Clinformatics Data Mart (2005-2017), we identified patients with RA based on ≥2 diagnoses for RA and use of ≥1 disease-modifying antirheumatic drug. We selected 4 comparison cohorts with ≥2 disease-specific diagnoses and ≥1 dispensing of disease-specific drugs: 1) general non-RA patients, 2) patients with hypertension, 3) patients with osteoarthritis (OA), and 4) patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The index date was the disease-specific drug dispensing date. Patients with RA were matched to the comparator cohorts (except PsA) for age as of the index date, sex, and index date. The primary outcome was incident type 2 DM, defined as a new diagnosis of type 2 DM plus a new dispensing of antidiabetic drugs. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards model estimated hazard ratios of incident type 2 DM among RA versus each of the comparison cohorts, accounting for >40 baseline covariates. RESULTS: A total of 449,327 RA, general non-RA, hypertension, OA, or PsA patients were selected. During the median of 1.6 (range 0.6-3.3) years of follow-up, the incidence rate of type 2 DM was the lowest in the RA cohort (7.0 per 1,000 person-years) and highest (12.3 per 1,000 person-years) in the hypertension cohort. After adjusting for >40 baseline covariates, we found that RA was associated with a 24-35% lower risk of incident type 2 DM compared to 4 comparison groups. CONCLUSION: In this large population-based cohort study, patients with RA had a lower rate of incident type 2 DM compared to the general non-RA, hypertension, OA, and PsA cohorts.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco
4.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237117, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe fatigue in relation to disease-specific and socioeconomic factors and to test possible correlations between fatigue and work impairment, quality of life, pain, sleep, depression, and physical functioning in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey collecting patient characteristics such as disease characteristics, socioeconomic factors and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from patients with RA, PsA and axSpA in Denmark. PRO scales included the FACIT-Fatigue sub-scale, Work Productivity and Activity Impairment scale (WPAI), EuroQol (EQ-5D), Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale (MOS), Major Depression Inventory (MDI), and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). Respondents were recruited via routine visits to the outpatient rheumatology clinic; information on diagnosis, treatment and disease activity was collected from medical journals by trained nurses. RESULTS: 487 patients participated in the study. Fatigue was more present in women, experienced patients, and patients who changed medication in the past 12 months, who were unemployed, who had less education, and who had lower household income. There was no statistically significant difference between mean fatigue in the three diagnostic groups (p = 0.08). Fatigue correlated with all included PROs (Pearson correlation coefficients, p<0.0001). Stratifying for diagnosis and adjusting for socioeconomic factors did not change the conclusion. CONCLUSION: In a stable, representative group of patients with RA, PsA and axSpA, we found significant correlations between fatigue and work impairment, quality of life, pain, sleep, depression and physical functioning. Fatigue cannot be perceived as a single problem, but rather as a symptom that affects broadly.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Dinamarca , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
5.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236167, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701988

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has female preponderance and interferes with the ability to perform job roles. Household work has 2 dimensions, paid and unpaid. There is not a validated instrument that assesses the impact of RA on limitations to perform household work. We report the development and validation of a questionnaire that assesses such limitations, the HOWL-Q. METHODS: The study was performed in 3 steps. Step-1 consisted on HOWL-Q conceptual model construction (literature review and semi-structured interviews to 20 RA outpatients and 20 controls, household workers, who integrated sample (S)-1). Step-2 consisted of instructions selection (by 25 outpatients integrating S-2), items generation and reduction (theory and key informant suggestions, modified natural semantic network technique, and pilot testing in 200 household workers outpatients conforming S-3), items scoring, and questionnaire feasibility (in S-3). Step-3 consisted of construct (exploratory factor analysis) and criterion validity (Spearman correlations), and HOWL-Q reliability (McDonald's Omega and test-retest), in 230 household work outpatients integrating S-4. RESULTS: Patients conforming the 4 samples were representative of typical RA outpatients. The initial conceptual model included 8 dimensions and 76 tasks/activities. The final version included 41 items distributed in 5 dimensions, was found feasible and resulted in 62.46% of the variance explained: McDonald's Omega = 0.959, intraclass-correlation-coefficient = 0.921 (95% CI = 0.851-0.957). Moderate-to-high correlations were found between the HOLW-Q, the HAQ, the Quick-DASH and the Lawton-Brody index. HOWL-Q score ranged from 0 to 10, with increasing scores translate into increase limitations. CONCLUSION: The HOWL-Q showed adequate psychometric properties to evaluate household work limitations in women with RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Características da Família , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Projetos Piloto , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 21(14): 1725-1737, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605401

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disabling disease characterized by a symmetrical articular involvement due to ongoing joint inflammation, if left insufficiently treated. Local and generalized bone loss is one of the main extra-articular complications of RA and leads to an increased risk for fragility fractures, which further impair functional ability, quality of life, and life expectancy. Therefore, there is an urgent need for good fracture risk management in the vulnerable RA patient. AREAS COVERED: The authors review: the epidemiology and pathophysiology (i.e. risk factors) of osteoporosis (OP), fracture, and vertebral fracture risk assessment, the effects of anti-rheumatic drugs on bone loss, pharmacological treatment of OP in RA including both bisphosphonates (BP) and newer drugs including anti-resorptives and osteoanabolic treatment options. EXPERT OPINION: Patients with active RA have elevated bone resorption and local bone loss. Moreover, these patients are at increased risk for generalized bone loss, vertebral and non-vertebral fractures. Since general risk factors (such as low BMI, fall risk) and RA-related factors play a role, optimal fracture prevention in RA patients is based on optimal diagnostics based on both of these factors, and on the use of adequate non-medical and medical treatment options.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Absorciometria de Fóton , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Osteoporose/complicações , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Rehabil Med ; 52(6): jrm00070, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess construct validity (Rasch analyses) of the Measure of Activity Performance of the Hand (MAP-Hand) in people with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (CMC1 OA), and to explore differences in activity performance between people with CMC1 OA and those with rheumatoid arthritis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 180 people with CMC1 OA referred for surgical consultation were recruited from rheumatology clinics in Norway, and 340 people with rheumatoid arthritis were recruited from outpatient rheumatology clinics in the UK. METHODS: The MAP-Hand consists of 18 predefined items scored on a 4-point scale from 1 (no difficulty) to 4 (unable to do), from which a mean score is calculated. Construct validity was assessed using Rasch analyses. Differences between the 2 groups were assessed using an independent sample t-test at the group level and differential item functioning (condition as grouping variable) at the item level. RESULTS: Some mis-targeting of data and clusters of dependency were found, but the MAP-Hand scores showed an overall fit to the model. No between-group difference in total mean MAP-Hand score was found, but there were significant differences between the 2 groups on item levels. CONCLUSION: The MAP-Hand showed satisfactory construct validity and could differentiate between people with CMC1 OA and those with rheumatoid arthritis on item levels.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Articulações Carpometacarpais/fisiopatologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Psicometria/métodos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(25): e237, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32597048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an emerging threat worldwide. It remains unclear how comorbidities affect the risk of infection and severity of COVID-19. METHODS: This is a nationwide retrospective case-control study of 219,961 individuals, aged 18 years or older, whose medical costs for COVID-19 testing were claimed until May 15, 2020. COVID-19 diagnosis and infection severity were identified from reimbursement data using diagnosis codes and on the basis of respiratory support use, respectively. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated using multiple logistic regression, after adjusting for age, sex, region, healthcare utilization, and insurance status. RESULTS: The COVID-19 group (7,341 of 219,961) was young and had a high proportion of female. Overall, 13.0% (954 of 7,341) of the cases were severe. The severe COVID-19 group had older patients and a proportion of male ratio than did the non-severe group. Diabetes (odds ratio range [ORR], 1.206-1.254), osteoporosis (ORR, 1.128-1.157), rheumatoid arthritis (ORR, 1.207-1.244), substance use (ORR, 1.321-1.381), and schizophrenia (ORR, 1.614-1.721) showed significant association with COVID-19. In terms of severity, diabetes (OR, 1.247; 95% confidential interval, 1.009-1.543), hypertension (ORR, 1.245-1.317), chronic lower respiratory disease (ORR, 1.216-1.233), chronic renal failure, and end-stage renal disease (ORR, 2.052-2.178) were associated with severe COVID-19. CONCLUSION: We identified several comorbidities associated with COVID-19. Health care workers should be more careful while diagnosing and treating COVID-19 when patients have the abovementioned comorbidities.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Pandemias , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(9): 1170-1173, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The susceptibility of patients with rheumatic diseases and the risks or benefits of immunosuppressive therapies for COVID-19 are unknown. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study with patients under follow-up in rheumatology departments from seven hospitals in Spain. We matched updated databases of rheumatology patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-positive PCR tests performed in the hospital to the same reference populations. Rates of PCR+ confirmed COVID-19 were compared among groups. RESULTS: Patients with chronic inflammatory diseases had 1.32-fold higher prevalence of hospital PCR+ COVID-19 than the reference population (0.76% vs 0.58%). Patients with systemic autoimmune or immune-mediated disease (AI/IMID) showed a significant increase, whereas patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA) or systemic lupus erythematosus did not. COVID-19 cases in some but not all diagnostic groups had older ages than cases in the reference population. Patients with IA on targeted-synthetic or biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), but not those on conventional-synthetic DMARDs, had a greater prevalence despite a similar age distribution. CONCLUSION: Patients with AI/IMID show a variable risk of hospital-diagnosed COVID-19. Interplay of ageing, therapies and disease-specific factors seem to contribute. These data provide a basis to improve preventive recommendations to rheumatic patients and to analyse the specific factors involved in COVID-19 susceptibility.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/virologia , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/virologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
11.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(7): 2025-2029, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-272596

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the result of an infection with the new virus, SARS-CoV-2, is rapidly spreading worldwide. It is largely unknown whether the occurrence of COVID-19 in patients with rheumatic immune diseases has some specific manifestations, or makes them more prone to rapidly progress into severe COVID-19. In this case report, we describe the clinical features of 5 rheumatic immune disease patients with the concomitant presence of COVID-19. Amongst these patients, 4 had rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 1 had systemic sclerosis (SSc). Two patients had a history of close contact with a COVID-19 patient. The age of the patients ranged between 51 and 79 years. Fever (80%), cough (80%), dyspnea (40%), and fatigue (20%) were the most common presenting symptoms. Laboratory investigations revealed leukopenia and lymphopenia in 2 patients. In all the patients, chest computerized tomography (CT) revealed patchy ground glass opacities in the lungs. During the hospital stay, the condition of two patients remained the same (i.e., mild COVID-19), two patients progressed to the severe COVID-19, and one patient worsened to the critically ill COVID-19. These patients were treated with antiviral agents for COVID-19, antibiotics for secondary bacterial infections, and immunomodulatory agents for rheumatic immune diseases. All the patients responded well, were cured of COVID-19, and subsequently discharged.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide , Infecções por Coronavirus , Imunomodulação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Estado Terminal/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233781, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during treatment with interleukin (IL)-17 antagonists have been reported from trials in psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. The aim of this study was to assess the overall risk for development of IBD due to IL-17 inhibition. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies conducted 2010-2018 of treatment with IL-17 antagonists in patients with psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and rheumatoid arthritis. We compared risk of IBD development in anti-IL-17 treated patients compared to placebo treatments. We also computed incident rates of IBD overall. A 'worst case scenario' defining subjects ambiguous for prevalent versus incident cases for the latter was also applied. RESULTS: Sixty-six studies of 14,390 patients exposed to induction and 19,380 patients exposed to induction and/or maintenance treatment were included. During induction, 11 incident cases of IBD were reported, whereas 33 cases were diagnosed during the entire treatment period. There was no difference in the pooled risk of new-onset IBD during induction studies for both the best-case [risk difference (RD) 0.0001 (95% CI: -0.0011, 0.0013)] and worst-case scenario [RD 0.0008 (95% CI: -0.0005, 0.0022)]. The risk of IBD was not different from placebo when including data from maintenance and long-term extension studies [RD 0.0007 (95% CI: -0.0023, 0.0036) and RD 0.0022 (95% CI: -0.0010, 0.0055), respectively]. CONCLUSIONS: The risk for development of IBD in patients treated with IL-17 antagonists is not elevated. Prospective surveillance of patients treated with IL-17 antagonists with symptom and biomarker assessments is warranted to assess for onset of IBD in these patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Artrite Psoriásica , Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Espondilite Anquilosante , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/imunologia , Artrite Psoriásica/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/imunologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/patologia
13.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(7): 2025-2029, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406001

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the result of an infection with the new virus, SARS-CoV-2, is rapidly spreading worldwide. It is largely unknown whether the occurrence of COVID-19 in patients with rheumatic immune diseases has some specific manifestations, or makes them more prone to rapidly progress into severe COVID-19. In this case report, we describe the clinical features of 5 rheumatic immune disease patients with the concomitant presence of COVID-19. Amongst these patients, 4 had rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 1 had systemic sclerosis (SSc). Two patients had a history of close contact with a COVID-19 patient. The age of the patients ranged between 51 and 79 years. Fever (80%), cough (80%), dyspnea (40%), and fatigue (20%) were the most common presenting symptoms. Laboratory investigations revealed leukopenia and lymphopenia in 2 patients. In all the patients, chest computerized tomography (CT) revealed patchy ground glass opacities in the lungs. During the hospital stay, the condition of two patients remained the same (i.e., mild COVID-19), two patients progressed to the severe COVID-19, and one patient worsened to the critically ill COVID-19. These patients were treated with antiviral agents for COVID-19, antibiotics for secondary bacterial infections, and immunomodulatory agents for rheumatic immune diseases. All the patients responded well, were cured of COVID-19, and subsequently discharged.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide , Infecções por Coronavirus , Imunomodulação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Estado Terminal/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(5): 1204-1214, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The first aim of this study was to determine the rate of revision carpal tunnel release in five urban hospitals over a period of 14 years. The secondary aim was to assess what demographic, condition-related, and treatment-related factors are associated with revision carpal tunnel release. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2015, 7464 patients underwent carpal tunnel release. After manually reviewing the medical records, the authors identified 113 patients who underwent revision surgery. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to study association with demographics (age, sex, and race), unilateral or bilateral treated wrist(s) (including carpal tunnel release performed simultaneously and separately), and type of surgery (open or endoscopic). To gain further insight into these factors, a matched case-control analysis in a 1:3 ratio was performed. RESULTS: One hundred thirteen of 7464 patients (1.5 percent) underwent revision carpal tunnel surgery. The median (interquartile range) time to revision surgery was 1.23 years (0.47 to 3.89 years). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, older age, male sex, bilateral carpal tunnel release, and endoscopic carpal tunnel release were independently associated with higher odds for revision surgery. Multivariable conditional logistic regression of the matched case-control cohort showed that smoking and rheumatoid arthritis were independently associated with revision carpal tunnel release. Splint treatment before the initial surgery was independently associated with single carpal tunnel release. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic release, male sex, smoking, rheumatoid arthritis, and undergoing staged or simultaneous bilateral carpal tunnel release are risk factors for revision surgery. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Descompressão Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Endoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hospitais Urbanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Ann Biol Clin (Paris) ; 78(2): 201-205, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319950

RESUMO

Anti-citrullinated cyclic peptide antibodies (ACPA) were initially considered very specific for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and can predict the prognosis of the disease. However, these antibodies can be detected in other autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the most common manifestation of which is inflammatory arthritis, which is often found in early-stage rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of our study is to evaluate the prevalence of ACPA antibodies and to analyze the profiles of their associations with autoantibodies specific to lupus, in order to look for a possible rhupus overlap syndrome in our patients. This is a retrospective study, carried out at the immunology unit, at Blida University Hospital, Algeria, involving 96 lupus patients, diagnosed according to the criteria of the American college of rheumatology (ACR). ACPA have been identified by the ELISA technique. ACPA was positive in 14,56% of our patients, whereas anti-DNA, anti-Sm and rheumatoid factor (RF) autoantibodies were positive, respectively in 47.09%, 35.41%, and in 26.04% of our patients. In addition, the presence of ACPA with anti DNA was found in 12.5% of patients. Of the 14 with ACPA+, 57.14% had arthritis. Our results confirm that ACPA auto-antibodies do not represent a pathognomonic criterion of RA. This sometimes makes the differential diagnosis with lupus difficult especially at the beginning of the disease.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Fator Reumatoide/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Argélia/epidemiologia , Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Autoanticorpos/análise , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores/análise , Criança , Citrulinação , Comorbidade , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeos Cíclicos/imunologia , Peptídeos Cíclicos/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator Reumatoide/análise , Adulto Jovem
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(12): e19568, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195966

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between Bell's palsy and rheumatoid arthritis in a national sample cohort from Korea.Data were collected for individuals ≥20 years old from 2002 to 2013 in the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort. We extracted data for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (n = 7628) and 1:4-matched controls (n = 30,512) and analyzed the occurrence of Bell's palsy in both groups. Matching was performed based on age, sex, income, and region of residence. Rheumatoid arthritis was diagnosed according to International Classification of Disease-10 (ICD-10) codes (M05-M06) and the prescription of biological agents and/or disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Bell's palsy patients were diagnosed according to ICD-10 code H912 and treatment ≥2 times with steroids. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using stratified Cox proportional hazard models for the Charlson comorbidity index and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Subgroup analyses based on age and sex were also performed.The rates of Bell's palsy were similar between the rheumatoid arthritis group (0.5% [38/7628]) and the control group, with no significant difference (0.4% [124/30,512], P = .270). The adjusted HR for Bell's palsy was 1.12 (95% CI, 0.78-1.62) in the rheumatoid arthritis group (P = .540). In the subgroup analyses according to age and sex, the relationship between Bell's palsy and rheumatoid arthritis did not reach statistical significance.The risk of Bell's palsy was not increased in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Paralisia de Bell/diagnóstico , Paralisia de Bell/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Paralisia de Bell/tratamento farmacológico , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Classificação Internacional de Doenças/normas , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
17.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(5): 704-713, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129572

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Inflamed airways are hypothesized to contribute to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis due to RA-related autoantibody production, and smoking is the strongest environmental RA risk factor. However, the role of chronic airway diseases in RA development is unclear. We undertook this study to investigate whether asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were each associated with RA. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 205,153 women in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS, 1988-2014) and NHSII (1991-2015). Exposures were self-reported physician-diagnosed asthma or COPD confirmed by validated supplemental questionnaires. The primary outcome was incident RA confirmed by medical record review by 2 rheumatologists. Covariates (including smoking pack-years/status) were assessed via biennial questionnaires. Multivariable hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for RA were estimated using Cox regression. RESULTS: We identified 15,148 women with confirmed asthma, 3,573 women with confirmed COPD, and 1,060 incident RA cases during 4,384,471 person-years (median 24.0 years/participant) of follow-up in the NHS and NHSII. Asthma was associated with increased RA risk (HR 1.53 [95% CI 1.24-1.88]) compared to no asthma/COPD after adjustment for covariates, including smoking pack-years/status. Asthma remained associated with increased RA risk when analyzing only never-smokers (HR 1.53 [95% CI 1.14-2.05]). COPD was also associated with increased RA risk (HR 1.89 [95% CI 1.31-2.75]). The association of COPD with RA was most pronounced in the subgroup of ever-smokers age >55 years (HR 2.20 [95% CI 1.38-3.51]). CONCLUSION: Asthma and COPD were each associated with increased risk of incident RA, independent of smoking status/intensity and other potential confounders. These results provide support for the hypothesis that chronic airway inflammation may be crucial in RA pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/etiologia , Asma/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Adulto , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco
18.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229819, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203525

RESUMO

This large, retrospective case-control study of electronic health records from 56 million unique adult patients examined whether or not treatment with a Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) blocking agent is associated with lower risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriasis, and other inflammatory diseases which are mediated in part by TNF and for which a TNF blocker is an approved treatment. The analysis compared the diagnosis of AD as an outcome measure in patients receiving at least one prescription for a TNF blocking agent (etanercept, adalimumab, and infliximab) or for methotrexate. Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) were estimated using the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel (CMH) method and presented with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and p-values. RA was associated with a higher risk for AD (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 2.06, 95% Confidence Interval: (2.02-2.10), P-value <0.0001) as did psoriasis (AOR = 1.37 (1.31-1.42), P <0.0001), ankylosing spondylitis (AOR = 1.57 (1.39-1.77), P <0.0001), inflammatory bowel disease (AOR = 2.46 (2.33-2.59), P < 0.0001), ulcerative colitis (AOR = 1.82 (1.74-1.91), P <0.0001), and Crohn's disease (AOR = 2.33 (2.22-2.43), P <0.0001). The risk for AD in patients with RA was lower among patients treated with etanercept (AOR = 0.34 (0.25-0.47), P <0.0001), adalimumab (AOR = 0.28 (0.19-0.39), P < 0.0001), or infliximab (AOR = 0.52 (0.39-0.69), P <0.0001). Methotrexate was also associated with a lower risk for AD (AOR = 0.64 (0.61-0.68), P <0.0001), while lower risk was found in patients with a prescription history for both a TNF blocker and methotrexate. Etanercept and adalimumab also were associated with lower risk for AD in patients with psoriasis: AOR = 0.47 (0.30-0.73 and 0.41 (0.20-0.76), respectively. There was no effect of gender or race, while younger patients showed greater benefit from a TNF blocker than did older patients. This study identifies a subset of patients in whom systemic inflammation contributes to risk for AD through a pathological mechanism involving TNF and who therefore may benefit from treatment with a TNF blocking agent.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco , Adulto Jovem
19.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230317, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32168350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Discordance between patient's global assessment (PtGA) and physician's global assessment (PhGA) has been described in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Understanding the reasons for this discrepancy is important in the context of treat-to-target treatment strategy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the determinants of PtGA and PhGA and factors associated with discordance between them. METHODS: The REAL study included RA patients from Brazilian public health centers. Clinical, laboratory and outcomes measures were collected. PtGA and the PhGA were rated on a visual analog scale and analyzed. Three groups were defined: no discordance (difference between PtGA and PhGA within 3 cm), positive discordance (PtGA exceeding PhGA by >3 cm), and negative discordance (PtGA less than PhGA by >3 cm). Multivariate regression analysis was used to identify determinants of PtGA and PhGA and their discordance. RESULTS: 1115 patients (89,4% female, mean age 56.7y and median disease duration of 12.7y) were enrolled. Two factors were associated with PtGA in the final multivariate model: one point increase in the pain scale leads to an increase of 0.62 in PtGA; one point increase in HAQ increases by 9,25 points the PtGA. The factors associated with PhGA were pain scale, number of tender and swollen joints (NTJ and NSJ), positive RF, ESR, HAQ-DI and use of corticosteroids. Discordance between patient and physician was found in 30.52%: positive discordance in 24.6% and negative discordance in 5.92%. An increase of one point in the NSJ was associated with a 12% increase in the chance of negative discordance. The chance of positive discordance increased by 90% and 2% for each unit increased in HAQ-DI and pain scale respectively. Finally, the chance of positive discordance decreased by 3% for each point increased in NTJ and by 15% for each point increased in NSJ. CONCLUSION: In one-third of the assessments, there was disagreement between PtGA and PhGA (a positive discordance was found in 80% of them). Pain and function were determinants for patients to estimate disease activity, while swollen joints was the main factor related to a worse physician's evaluation. These data show how different can be the perspectives of patients and assistants.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Medição da Dor , Dor/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Dissidências e Disputas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/fisiopatologia , Dor/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Saúde Pública , Análise de Regressão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Escala Visual Analógica
20.
Scand J Rheumatol ; 49(3): 173-180, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208872

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to examine whether adherence to metformin treatment may be associated with lower onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Method: Using the computerized databases of a 2.3-million state-mandated health services organization in Israel, we identified incident RA cases among a cohort of 113 749 adult patients who initiated metformin therapy between 1998 and 2014. Adherence was assessed by calculating the mean proportion of follow-up days covered (PDC) with metformin.Results: During the 18 year study period, there were 558 incident RA cases (61 per 100 000 person-years). Adherence to metformin treatment was associated with a lower risk of developing RA, with the lowest risk recorded among patients with a PDC of 40-59% [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.45-0.84] compared with non-adherent patients (PDC < 20%). A mean daily metformin dose of 2550 mg or more was also associated with a lower risk of developing RA (adjusted HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.46-0.84) compared to a daily dose of 850 mg or less. In stratified analyses by gender, the negative association between adherence and the risk of RA was limited to women alone.Conclusions: Adherence to metformin treatment is associated with a reduced risk of developing RA in women. Further studies are needed to assess the effect of metformin on RA development in other patient populations.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Proteção , Estudos Retrospectivos
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