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1.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(9): 1488-1496, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465149

RESUMO

AIMS: The current study aimed to compare robotic arm-assisted (RA-THA), computer-assisted (CA-THA), and manual (M-THA) total hip arthroplasty regarding in-hospital metrics including length of stay (LOS), discharge disposition, in-hospital complications, and cost of RA-THA versus M-THA and CA-THA versus M-THA, as well as trends in use and uptake over a ten-year period, and future projections of uptake and use of RA-THA and CA-THA. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was queried for primary THAs (2008 to 2017) which were categorized into RA-THA, CA-THA, and M-THA. Past and projected use, demographic characteristics distribution, income, type of insurance, location, and healthcare setting were compared among the three cohorts. In-hospital complications, LOS, discharge disposition, and in-hospital costs were compared between propensity score-matched cohorts of M-THA versus RA-THA and M-THA versus CA-THA to adjust for baseline characteristics and comorbidities. RESULTS: RA-THA and CA-THA did not exhibit any clinically meaningful reduction in mean LOS (RA-THA 2.2 days (SD 1.4) vs 2.3 days (SD 1.8); p < 0.001, and CA-THA 2.5 days (SD 1.9) vs 2.7 days (SD 2.3); p < 0.001, respectively) compared to their respective propensity score-matched M-THA cohorts. RA-THA, but not CA-THA, had similar non-home discharge rates to M-THA (RA-THA 17.4% vs 18.5%; p = 0.205, and 18.7% vs 24.9%; p < 0.001, respectively). Implant-related mechanical complications were lower in RA-THA (RA-THA 0.5% vs M-THA 3.1%; p < 0.001, and CA-THA 1.2% vs M-THA 2.2%; p < 0.001), which was associated with a significantly lower in-hospital dislocation (RA-THA 0.1% vs M-THA 0.8%; p < 0.001). Both RA-THA and CA-THA demonstrated higher mean higher index in-hospital costs (RA-THA $18,416 (SD $8,048) vs M-THA $17,266 (SD $8,396); p < 0.001, and CA-THA $20,295 (SD $8,975) vs M-THA $18,624 (SD $9,226); p < 0.001, respectively). Projections indicate that 23.9% and 3.2% of all THAs conducted in 2025 will be robotic arm- and computer-assisted, respectively. Projections indicated that RA-THA use may overtake M-THA by 2028 (48.3%) and reach 65.8% of all THAs by 2030. CONCLUSION: Technology-assisted THA, particularly RA-THA, may provide value by lowering in-hospital early dislocation rates and and other in-hospital metrics compared to M-THA. Higher index-procedure and hospital costs warrant further comprehensive cost analyses to determine the true added value of RA-THA in the episode of care, particularly since we project that one in four THAs in 2025 and two in three THA by 2030 will use RA-THA technology. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(9):1488-1496.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26869, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397901

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Studies have shown that rapid rehabilitation surgery has a positive effect on recovery after major orthopedic surgery. However, very few studies have examined the impact of fast track surgery on physical and psychological rehabilitation in patients who have undergone total hip replacement.This study aimed to investigate the value of the rapid rehabilitation surgical model for patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty during the perioperative period.We conducted a prospective cohort study that included patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty at our hospital from January 2015 to December 2018. We divided the patients into 2 groups - the rapid rehabilitation group and the conventional rehabilitation group - and compared their length of hospital stay, time to off-bed activity, pain score, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale scores, Self-Rating Depression Scale scores, complication rate, and rate of satisfaction during hospitalization.A total of 348 patients were included in the study. Of these, 180 received rapid rehabilitation nursing and 168 patients received conventional nursing. Compared with the patients in the conventional rehabilitation group, those in the rapid rehabilitation group had shorter hospital stays (11.5 ±â€Š1.2 day vs 15.5 ±â€Š2.3 day, P = .021), resumed off-bed activities sooner (20.5 ±â€Š3.4 hours vs 61.8 ±â€Š4.7 hours, P = .001, had less postoperative pain (4.0 ±â€Š1.2 vs 6.5 ±â€Š1.1, P < .001), and lower anxiety and depression scores (anxiety score: 24.4 ±â€Š2.1 vs 47.9 ±â€Š2.9; depression score: 25.8 ±â€Š1.8 vs 43.7 ±â€Š1.7, P < .001).The application of rapid rehabilitation surgery in total hip arthroplasty can accelerate patients' postoperative recovery, relieve anxiety and depression, and increase the patient's satisfaction with the treatment.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Artroplastia de Quadril , Depressão , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Enfermagem em Reabilitação/métodos , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/reabilitação , China/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/epidemiologia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Exercício Pré-Operatório/fisiologia , Exercício Pré-Operatório/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(8): 494-496, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fractures (PFF) are among the most common injuries in the elderly population treated by orthopedic surgeons. Postoperative complications, especially infections, are of great importance due to their effect on patient mortality and morbidity and healthcare costs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the main causes for postoperative infection among PFF patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of PFF patients in our medical center between 2015 and 2017. Patients were divided into two groups based on whether there was postoperative infection during immediate hospitalization and 30 days after surgery. Factors such as time from admission to surgery, duration of surgery, and length of stay were analyzed. Groups were analyzed and compared using a t-test, chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests. RESULTS: Of 1276 patients, 859 (67%) underwent closed reduction internal fixation, 67 (5%) underwent total hip arthroplasty, and 350 (28%) underwent hemiarthroplasty. Of the total, 38 patients (3%) were diagnosed with postoperative infection. The demographics and co-morbidities were similar between the two study groups. The incident of infection was the highest among patients undergoing hemiarthroplasty (6%, P < 0.0001). Length of hospitalization (15 vs. 8 days, P = 0.0001) and operative time (117 vs. 77 minutes, P = 0.0001) were found to be the most significant risk factors for postoperative infection. CONCLUSIONS: Predisposition to postoperative infections in PPF patients was associated with prolonged length of surgery and longer hospitalization. We recommend optimizing fast discharge, selecting the appropriate type of surgery, and improving surgical planning to reduce intraoperative delays and length of surgery.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Fêmur , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Hemiartroplastia , Duração da Cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Causalidade , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
4.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 78-83, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192900

RESUMO

AIMS: Highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) has greatly improved the durability of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in young patients because of its improved wear characteristics. Few studies have followed this population into the second decade, and therefore the purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the clinical outcome for THA patients 50 years of age and younger at a minimum of 15 years postoperatively. The second purpose was to evaluate the radiological findings secondary to wear or mechanical failure of the implant. METHODS: Between October 1999 and December 2005, 105 THAs were performed in 95 patients (53 female, 42 male) aged 50 years and younger (mean 42 years (20 to 50)). There were 87 patients (96 hips) that were followed for a minimum of 15 years (mean 17.3 years (15 to 21)) for analysis. Posterior approach was used with cementless fixation with a median head size of 28 mm. HXLPE was the acetabular bearing for all hips. Radiographs were evaluated for polyethylene wear, radiolucent lines, and osteolysis. RESULTS: Clinical outcomes showed significant improvement of mean Harris Hip Scores from 52.8 (SD 13.5) preoperatively to 94.8 (SD 7.6) postoperatively. One hip was revised for recurrent instability, and there were no infections. No hips were revised for mechanical loosening or osteolysis. Mean polyethylene linear wear was 0.04 mm/year and volumetric wear was 6.22 mm3/year, with no significant differences between head size or material. Osteolysis was not present in any of the hips. CONCLUSION: The use of HXLPE in THA for patients aged 50 years and younger has performed exceptionally well without evidence of significant wear causing mechanical loosening or necessitating revision. The radiolucent lines of the acetabular component must be followed to determine the prognostic significance. This investigation represents the longest clinical follow-up of a large, consecutive cohort of patients aged 50 years or younger with THA using HXLPE. This long-term analysis found negligible polyethylene wear, no incidence of aseptic loosening, and excellent clinical outcomes at and beyond 15 years of follow-up. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):78-83.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Polietileno/química , Desenho de Prótese , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 33-37, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192902

RESUMO

AIMS: To achieve the functional benefits of the direct anterior (DA) approach and the fixation benefits of cemented replacement, this study combined the two techniques posing the following questions: does the limited access of the DA approach adversely affect the cement technique?; and does such a cementing technique reduce the incidence of cementless complications? METHODS: A consecutive series of 341 patients (360 hips) receiving the DA approach between 2016 and 2018 were reviewed. There were 203 cementless stems and 157 cemented stems. Mean age was 75 years (70 to 86) in the cementless group and 76 years (52 to 94) in the cemented group, with 239 (70%) females in the whole series. Femoral complications were compared between the two groups. Mean follow-up was 1.5 years (0.1 to 4.4) for patients in the cementless group and 1.3 years (0.0 to 3.9) for patients in the cemented group. RESULTS: The cementless group had a higher rate of femoral complications (8 vs 0; p = 0.011). There were two loose stems and six fractures, all requiring revision. Fractures occurred a mean 14.5 days (2 to 31) postoperatively and loosening at 189 days and 422 days postoperatively. Femoral cementing can be done using the DA approach safely and reduces the number of complications compared with a contemporary cementless series. CONCLUSION: A higher rate of early fractures and loosening occurred with cementless stems. This was not observed in our cemented stem cohort and cementing was safely accomplished through the DA approach. The modern femoral cementing process with the DA approach does not add to surgical complexity or time, has fewer early complications, and is a safer option for older patients compared to cementless femoral arthroplasties. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):33-37.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos Ósseos , Prótese de Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 129-134, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192904

RESUMO

AIMS: Improvements in functional results and long-term survival are variable following conversion of hip fusion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) and complications are high. The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical and functional results in patients who underwent conversion of hip fusion to THA using a consistent technique and uncemented implants. METHODS: A total of 39 hip fusion conversions to THA were undertaken in 38 patients by a single surgeon employing a consistent surgical technique and uncemented implants. Parameters assessed included Harris Hip Score (HHS) for function, range of motion (ROM), leg length discrepancy (LLD), satisfaction, and use of walking aid. Radiographs were reviewed for loosening, subsidence, and heterotopic ossification (HO). Postoperative complications and implant survival were assessed. RESULTS: At mean 12.2 years (2 to 24) follow-up, HHS improved from mean 34.2 (20.8 to 60.5) to 75 (53.6 to 94.0; p < 0.001). Mean postoperative ROM was flexion 77° (50° to 95°), abduction 30° (10° to 40°), adduction 20° (5° to 25°), internal rotation 18° (2° to 30°), and external rotation 17° (5° to 30°). LLD improved from mean -3.36 cm (0 to 8) to postoperative mean -1.14 cm (0 to 4; p < 0.001). Postoperatively, 26 patients (68.4%) required the use of a walking aid. Complications included one (2.5%) dislocation, two (5.1%) partial sciatic nerve injuries, one (2.5%) deep periprosthetic joint infection, two instances of (5.1%) acetabular component aseptic loosening, two (5.1%) periprosthetic fractures, and ten instances of HO (40%), of which three (7.7%) were functionally limiting and required excision. Kaplan-Meier Survival was 97.1% (95% confidence interval (CI) 91.4% to 100%) at ten years and 88.2% (95% CI 70.96 to 100) at 15 years with implant revision for aseptic loosening as endpoint and 81.7% (95% CI 70.9% to 98.0%) at ten years and 74.2% (95% CI 55.6 to 92.8) at 15 years follow-up with implant revision for all cause failure as endpoint. CONCLUSION: The use of an optimal and consistent surgical technique and cementless implants can result in significant functional improvement, low complication rates, long-term implant survival, and high patient satisfaction following conversion of hip fusion to THA. The possibility of requiring a walking aid should be discussed with the patient before surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):129-134.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Desigualdade de Membros Inferiores/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossificação Heterotópica/epidemiologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Falha de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 25-32, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192905

RESUMO

AIMS: Adverse local tissue reactions associated with abnormal wear considerably slowed down the general use of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA), now limited to a few specialized centres. In this study, we provide the clinical results of 400 consecutive MoM HRAs implanted more than 20 years ago in one such centre. METHODS: A total of 355 patients (400 hips) were treated with Conserve Plus HRA between November 1996 and November 2000. There were 96 female (27%) and 259 male patients (73%). Their mean age was 48.2 years (SD 10.9). The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) hip scores and 12-item Short Form Survey (SF-12) quality of life scores were reported. Survivorship was assessed using Kaplan-Meier analyses. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 16.5 years (0.1 to 24.0), including 34 patients (37 hips) who died. The mean UCLA hip scores were 9.3 (2 to 10), 9.1 (3 to 10), 9.0 (3 to 10), and 6.9 (2 to 10) for pain, walking, function, and activity, respectively. The mean SF-12 scores were 48.4 (16.0 to 62.1) for the physical component and 48.5 (10.5 to 66.5) for the mental component, and did not differ from those of the general population of the USA. A total of 60 hips in 55 patients were revised. Using revision for any indication as the endpoint, the Kaplan-Meier survivorship was 83.5% at 20 years. A diagnosis of developmental dysplasia (hazard ratio (HR) 2.199 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.140 to 4.239); p = 0.019) and a low BMI (HR 0.931 (95% CI 0.873 to 0.994); p = 0.032) were risk factors for revision. Female sex was a risk factor only because of hip dysplasia and small component size. There were no cases of metal sensitivity associated with revision surgery. Radiological analysis showed persistent fixation in all but one hip. CONCLUSION: The 83.5% 20-year survivorship of this initial series surpasses that of total hip arthroplasties in use 20 years ago in these young patients, suggesting satisfactory lifelong durability of the device for almost all of the remaining patients. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):25-32.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Próteses Articulares Metal-Metal/efeitos adversos , Atividades Cotidianas , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Falha de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
8.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 73-77, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192909

RESUMO

AIMS: Dual mobility (DM) implants have been shown to reduce the dislocation rate after total hip arthroplasty (THA), but there remain concerns about the use of cobalt chrome liners inserted into titanium shells. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcomes, metal ion levels, and periprosthetic femoral bone mineral density (BMD) at mid-term follow-up in young, active patients receiving a modular DM THA. METHODS: This was a prospective study involving patients aged < 65 years, with a BMI of < 35 kg/m2, and University of California, Los Angeles activity score of > 6 who underwent primary THA with a modular cobalt chrome acetabular liner, highly cross-linked polyethylene mobile bearing, and a cementless titanium femoral stem. Patient-reported outcome measures, whole blood metal ion levels (µg/l), and periprosthetic femoral BMD were measured at baseline and at one, two, and five years postoperatively. The results two years postoperatively for this cohort have been previously reported. RESULTS: A total of 43 patients were enrolled. At minimum follow-up of five years, 23 (53.4%) returned for clinical and radiological review, 25 (58.1%) had metal ion analysis performed, 19 (44.2%) underwent dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scans, and 25 (58%) completed a pain-drawing questionnaire. The mean modified Harris Hip Scores improved significantly from 54.8 (SD 19) preoperatively to 93.08 (SD 10.5) five years postoperatively (p < 0.001). One patient was revised for aseptic acetabular loosening. The mean cobalt levels increased from 0.065 µg/l (SD 0.03) to 0.08 (SD 0.05) and the mean titanium levels increased from 0.35 (SD 0.13) to 0.78 (SD 0.29). The femoral BMD ratio decreased in Gruen Zone 1 (91.9%) at five years postoperatively compared with the baseline scores at six weeks potoperatively. The femoral BMD ratio was maintained in Gruen zones 2 to 7. CONCLUSION: The use of a modular DM component and a cementless, tapered femoral stem shows excellent mid-term survivorship with minimal concerns for corrosion and metal ion release in a cohort of young, active patients undergoing primary THA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):73-77.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Adulto , Densidade Óssea , Ligas de Cromo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Íons/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietileno , Estudos Prospectivos , Titânio
9.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 66-72, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192910

RESUMO

AIMS: Modular dual mobility (MDM) acetabular components are often used with the aim of reducing the risk of dislocation in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). There is, however, little information in the literature about its use in this context. The aim of this study, therefore, was to evaluate the outcomes in a cohort of patients in whom MDM components were used at revision THA, with a mean follow-up of more than five years. METHODS: Using the database of a single academic centre, 126 revision THAs in 117 patients using a single design of an MDM acetabular component were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 94 revision THAs in 88 patients with a mean follow-up of 5.5 years were included in the study. Survivorship was analyzed with the endpoints of dislocation, reoperation for dislocation, acetabular revision for aseptic loosening, and acetabular revision for any reason. The secondary endpoints were surgical complications and the radiological outcome. RESULTS: The overall rate of dislocation was 11%, with a six-year survival of 91%. Reoperation for dislocation was performed in seven patients (7%), with a six-year survival of 94%. The dislocations were early (at a mean of 33 days) in six patients, and late (at a mean of 4.3 years) in four patients. There were three intraprosthetic dissociations. An outer head diameter of ≥ 48 mm was associated with a lower risk of dislocation (p = 0.013). Lumbrosacral fusion was associated with increased dislocation (p = 0.004). Four revision THAs (4%) were further revised for aseptic acetabular loosening, and severe bone loss (Paprosky III) at the time of the initial revision was significantly associated with further revision for aseptic acetabular loosening (p = 0.008). Fourteen acetabular components (15%) were re-revised for infection, and a pre-revision diagnosis of reimplantation after periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) was associated with subsequent PJI (p < 0.001). Two THAs had visible metallic changes on the backside of the cobalt chromium liner. CONCLUSION: When using this MDM component in revision THA, at a mean follow-up of 5.5 years, there was a higher rate of dislocation (11%) than previously reported. The size of the outer bearing was related to the risk of dislocation. There was a low rate of aseptic acetabular loosening. Longer follow-up of this MDM component and evaluation of other designs are warranted. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):66-72.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Reoperação , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Luxação do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 38-45, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192912

RESUMO

AIMS: Use of the direct anterior approach (DAA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA) has increased in recent years due to proposed benefits, including a lower risk of dislocation and improved early functional recovery. This study investigates the dislocation rate in a non-selective, consecutive cohort undergoing THA via the DAA without any exclusion or bias in patient selection based on habitus, deformity, age, sex, or fixation method. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing THA via the DAA between 2011 and 2017 at our institution. Primary outcome was dislocation at minimum two-year follow-up. Patients were stratified by demographic details and risk factors for dislocation, and an in-depth analysis of dislocations was performed. RESULTS: A total of 2,831 hips in 2,205 patients were included. Mean age was 64.9 years (24 to 96), mean BMI was 29.2 kg/m2 (15.1 to 53.8), and 1,595 patients (56.3%) were female. There were 11 dislocations within one year (0.38%) and 13 total dislocations at terminal follow-up (0.46%). Five dislocations required revision. The dislocation rate for surgeons who had completed their learning curve was 0.15% compared to 1.14% in those who had not. The cumulative periprosthetic infection and fracture rates were 0.53% and 0.67%, respectively. CONCLUSION: In a non-selective, consecutive cohort of patients undergoing THA via the DAA, the risk of dislocation is low, even among patients with risk factors for instability. Our data further suggest that the DAA can be safely used in all hip arthroplasty patients without an increased risk of wound complications, fracture, infection, or revision. The inclusion of seven surgeons increases the generalizability of these results. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):38-45.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Luxação do Quadril/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Competência Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 53-58, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192914

RESUMO

AIMS: The direct anterior approach (DAA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA) has potential advantages over other approaches and is most commonly performed with the patient in the supine position. We describe a technique for DAA THA with the patient in the lateral decubitus position and report the early clinical and radiological outcomes, the characteristics of the learning curve, and perioperative complications. METHODS: All primary DAA THAs performed in the lateral position by a single surgeon over a four-year period from the surgeon's first case using the technique were identified from a prospectively collected database. Modified Harris Hip Scores (mHHS) were collected to assess clinical outcome, and routine radiological analysis was performed. Retrospective review of the medical records identified perioperative complications, the characteristics of the learning curve, and revisions. RESULTS: A total of 257 patients were included in the study. Their mean age was 60 years (SD 9.0). A total of 164 (64%) were female. The mean mHHS improved significantly from 52.1 (SD 16.2) preoperatively to 94.4 (SD 11) at a follow-up of one year (p < 0.001), with 212 of 225 patients (94%) achieving a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) (> 8 points). Radiological evaluation showed a mean leg length discrepancy of 2.6 mm (SD 5.9) and a mean difference in femoral offset of 0.2 mm (SD 4.9). A total of 234/243 acetabular components (96.3%) were positioned within Lewinnek's safe zone. Analysis of operating time, blood loss, the position of the components, and complications did not identify a learning curve. A total of 14 patients (5.4%) had a major perioperative complication and three (1.2%) required revision THA. There were no major neurovascular complications and no dislocations. CONCLUSION: We have described and analyzed a surgical technique for undertaking DAA THA in the familiar lateral decubitus position using a routine operating table, positioning devices, and instrumentation, and shown that it can be performed safely and effectively under these circumstances. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):53-58.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Posicionamento do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 116-121, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192915

RESUMO

AIMS: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the direct anterior approach (DAA) is undertaken with the patient in the supine position, creating an opportunity to replace both hips under one anaesthetic. Few studies have reported simultaneous bilateral DAA-THA. The aim of this study was to characterize a cohort of patients selected for this technique by a single, high-volume arthroplasty surgeon and to investigate their early postoperative clinical outcomes. METHODS: Using an institutional database, we reviewed 643 patients who underwent bilateral DAA-THA by a single surgeon between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2018. The demographic characteristics of the 256 patients (39.8%) who underwent simultaneous bilateral DAA-THA were compared with the 387 patients (60.2%) who underwent staged THA during the same period of time. We then reviewed the length of stay, rate of discharge home, 90-day complications, and readmissions for the simultaneous bilateral group. RESULTS: Patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral DAA-THA had a 3.5% transfusion rate, a 1.8 day mean length of stay, a 98.1% rate of discharge home, and low rates of 90-day infection (0.39%), dislocation (0.39%), periprosthetic fracture (0.77%), venous thromboembolism (0%), haematoma (0.39%), further surgery (0.77%), and readmission (0.77%). These patients were significantly younger (mean 58.2 years vs 62.5 years; p < 0.001), more likely to be male (60.3% vs 46.5%; p < 0.001), and with a trend towards having a lower mean BMI (27.8 kg/m2 vs 28.4 kg/m2; p = 0.071) than patients who underwent staged bilateral DAA-THA. CONCLUSION: Patients selected for simultaneous bilateral DAA-THA in a single surgeon's practice had a 3% rate of postoperative transfusion and a low rate of complications, readmissions, and discharge to a rehabilitation facility. Simultaneous bilateral DAA-THA appears to be a reasonable and safe form of treatment for patients with bilateral symptomatic osteoarthritis of the hip when undertaken by an experienced arthroplasty surgeon with appropriate selection criteria. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):116-121.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Seleção de Pacientes , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Posicionamento do Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
13.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 46-52, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192917

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to radiologically evaluate the quality of cement mantle and alignment achieved with a polished tapered cemented femoral stem inserted through the anterior approach and compared with the posterior approach. METHODS: A comparative retrospective study of 115 consecutive hybrid total hip arthroplasties or cemented hemiarthroplasties in 110 patients, performed through anterior (n = 58) or posterior approach (n = 57) using a collarless polished taper-slip femoral stem, was conducted. Cement mantle quality and thickness were assessed in both planes. Radiological outcomes were compared between groups. RESULTS: No significant differences were identified between groups in Barrack grade on the anteroposterior (AP) (p = 0.640) or lateral views (p = 0.306), or for alignment on the AP (p = 0.603) or lateral views (p = 0.254). An adequate cement mantle (Barrack A or B) was achieved in 77.6% (anterior group, n = 45) and in 86% (posterior group, n = 49), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed factors associated with unsatisfactory cement mantle (Barrack C or D) included higher BMI, left side, and Dorr Type C morphology. A mean cement mantle thickness of ≥ 2 mm was achieved in all Gruen zones for both approaches. The mean cement mantle was thicker in zone 7 (p < 0.001) and thinner in zone 9 for the anterior approach (p = 0.032). Incidence of cement mantle defects between groups was similar (6.9% (n = 4) vs 8.8% (n = 5), respectively; p = 0.489). CONCLUSION: An adequate cement mantle and good alignment can be achieved using a collarless polished tapered femoral component inserted through the anterior approach. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):46-52.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos Ósseos , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Idoso , Feminino , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Método Simples-Cego
14.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7 Supple B): 84-90, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192918

RESUMO

AIMS: The proportion of arthroplasties performed in the ambulatory setting has increased considerably. However, there are concerns whether same-day discharge may increase the risk of complications. The aim of this study was to compare 90-day outcomes between inpatient arthroplasties and outpatient arthroplasties performed at an ambulatory surgery centre (ASC), and determine whether there is a learning curve associated with performing athroplasties in an ASC. METHODS: Among a single-surgeon cohort of 970 patients who underwent arthroplasty at an ASC, 854 (88.0%) were matched one-to-one with inpatients based on age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade, BMI, and procedure (105 could not be adequately matched and 11 lacked 90-day follow-up). The cohort included 281 total hip arthroplasties (THAs) (32.9%), 267 unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (31.3%), 242 primary total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) (28.3%), 60 hip resurfacings (7.0%), two revision THAs (0.3%), and two revision TKAs (0.3%). Outcomes included readmissions, reoperations, visits to the emergency department, unplanned clinic visits, and complications. RESULTS: The inpatient and outpatient groups were similar in all demographic variables, reflecting successful matching. The reoperation rate was 0.9% in both cohorts (p = 1.000). Rates of readmission (2.0% inpatient vs 1.6% outpatient), any complications (5.9% vs 5.6%), minor complications (4.2% vs 3.9%), visits to the emergency department (2.7% vs 1.4%), and unplanned clinic visits (5.7% vs 5.5%) were lower in the outpatient group but did not reach significance with the sample size studied. A learning curve may exist, as seen by significant reductions in the reoperation and overall complication rates among outpatient arthroplasties over time (p = 0.032 and p = 0.007, respectively), despite those in this group becoming significantly older and heavier (both p < 0.001) during the study period. CONCLUSION: Arthroplasties performed at ASCs appear to be safe in appropriately selected patients, but may be associated with a learning curve as shown by the significant decrease in complication and reoperation rates during the study period. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7 Supple B):84-90.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Hospitalização , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 22(1): 29, 2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275012

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in dysplastic hips is challenging, and each specific implant used in this context has been associated with specific complications. A registry study was performed to query survival rates, hazard ratios, and reasons for revision of different stem designs in THAs after developmental dysplasia of the hip. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A regional arthroplasty registry was inquired about cementless THAs performed for hip dysplasia from 2000 to 2017. Patients were stratified according to stem design in tapered (TAP; wedge and rectangular), anatomic (ANAT), and conical (CON), and divided on the basis of modularity (modular, M; nonmodular, NM). In total, 2039 TAP stems (548 M and 1491 NM), 1435 ANAT (1072 M and 363 NM), and 2287 CON (1020 M and 1267 NM) implants were included. Survival rates and reasons for revisions were compared. RESULTS: The groups were homogeneous for demographics, but not fully comparable in terms of implant features. NM-CON stems showed the highest risk of failure (significant) and a high risk for cup aseptic loosening (2.5%). The adjusted risk ratio showed that NM-CON was more prone to failure (HR versus NM-ANAT: 3.30; 95%CI 1.64-7.87; p = 0.0003). Revision rates for dislocations and stem aseptic loosening did not differ between cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: NM-CON stems showed the highest risk of failure, especially high rates of cup aseptic loosening. NM-CON implants were not more prone to dislocations and stem aseptic loosening. Clinical comparative studies are required to investigate the causes of NM-CON failures, which may be due to abnormal acetabular morphology or imperfect restoration of the proximal biomechanics.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Sistema de Registros , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação/métodos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
16.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1222-1230, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192924

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to compare the implant survival, complications, readmissions, and mortality of Vancouver B2 periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFFs) treated with internal fixation with that of B1 PFFs treated with internal fixation and B2 fractures treated with revision arthroplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 112 PFFs, of which 47 (42%) B1 and 27 (24%) B2 PFFs were treated with internal fixation, whereas 38 (34%) B2 fractures underwent revision arthroplasty. Decision to perform internal fixation for B2 PFFs was based on specific radiological (polished femoral components, intact bone-cement interface) and clinical criteria (low-demand patient). Median follow-up was 36.4 months (24 to 60). Implant survival and mortality over time were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Adverse events (measured with a modified Dindo-Clavien classification) and 90-day readmissions were additionally compared between groups. RESULTS: In all, nine (8.01%) surgical failures were detected. All failures occurred within the first 24 months following surgery. The 24-month implant survival was 95.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 89.13 to 100) for B1 fractures treated with internal fixation, 90% (95% CI 76.86 to 100) for B2 PFFs treated with osteosynthesis-only, and 85.8% (95% CI 74.24 to 97.36) for B2 fractures treated with revision THA, without significant differences between groups (p = 0.296). Readmissions and major adverse events including mortality were overall high, but similar between groups (p > 0.05). The two-year patient survival rate was 87.1% (95% CI 77.49 to 95.76), 66.7% (95% CI 48.86 to 84.53), and 84.2% (95% CI 72.63 to 95.76), for the B1 group, B2 osteosynthesis group, and B2 revision group, respectively (p = 0.102). CONCLUSION: Implant survival in Vancouver B2 PFFs treated with internal fixation was similar to that of B1 fractures treated with the same method and to B2 PFFs treated with revision arthroplasty. Low-demand, elderly patients with B2 fractures around well-cemented polished femoral components with an intact bone-cement interface can be safely treated with internal fixation. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1222-1230.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentação , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/classificação , Fraturas do Fêmur/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas Periprotéticas/classificação , Fraturas Periprotéticas/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1215-1221, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192939

RESUMO

AIMS: Cement-in-cement revision of the femoral component represents a widely practised technique for a variety of indications in revision total hip arthroplasty. In this study, we compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of two polished tapered femoral components. METHODS: From our prospectively collated database, we identified all patients undergoing cement-in-cement revision from January 2005 to January 2013 who had a minimum of two years' follow-up. All cases were performed by the senior author using either an Exeter short revision stem or the C-Stem AMT high offset No. 1 prosthesis. Patients were followed-up annually with clinical and radiological assessment. RESULTS: A total of 97 patients matched the inclusion criteria (50 Exeter and 47 C-Stem AMT components). There were no significant differences between the patient demographic data in either group. Mean follow-up was 9.7 years. A significant improvement in Oxford Hip Score (OHS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and 12-item Short-Form Survey (SF-12) scores was observed in both cohorts. Leg lengths were significantly shorter in the Exeter group, with a mean of -4 mm in this cohort compared with 0 mm in the C-Stem AMT group. One patient in the Exeter group had early evidence of radiological loosening. In total, 16 patients (15%) underwent further revision of the femoral component (seven in the C-Stem AMT group and nine in the Exeter group). No femoral components were revised for aseptic loosening. There were two cases of femoral component fracture in the Exeter group. CONCLUSION: Our series shows promising mid-term outcomes for the cement-in-cement revision technique using either the Exeter or C-Stem AMT components. These results demonstrate that cement-in-cement revision using a double or triple taper-slip design is a safe and reliable technique when used for the correct indications. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1215-1221.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Cimentação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26395, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190155

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With the aggravation of population aging, the incidence of intertrochanteric fracture also increases dramatically. Patients are often elderly accompany with severe osteoporosis and various complications. Therefore, we should select an individualized treatment based on the each patient's state. Arthroplasty is recommended for unstable fractures with obvious osteoporosis, ipsilateral femoral head necrosis or arthritis. Rigid fixation of the greater trochanter with arthroplasty is challenging because of the powerful pulling forces created by multiple muscles being transmitted to the greater trochanter. Currently, there are few contemporary literatures on the evaluation of unstable intertrochanteric fracture with efficient fixation of the greater trochanter. Moreover, there is no consensus to choose which implant to immobilize the greater trochanter. The purpose of this study was to review previous literatures and provide a valuable guidance. CONCLUSIONS: The locking plate, which not only provides rigid fixation but also results in lower rate of postoperative complications. However, further prospective randomized and cohort studies are needed.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Placas Ósseas , Fios Ortopédicos , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/complicações , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas do Quadril/complicações , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Radiografia
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26565, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic agent used to reduce bleeding in major surgical procedures. This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of the systemic and topical intra-articular administration of TXA in total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Patients (N = 123) scheduled for primary unilateral THA were divided into 3 treatment groups: control group; TXA, systemic, repeated 1 g bolus; TXA, topically intra-articularly, 2 g in 50 mL saline. Primary readouts used were intra- and postoperative bleeding, transfusion requirement, postoperative hemoglobin levels and complications. RESULTS: Both systemic and topical intra-articular TXA administrations decreased bleeding and transfusion requirements. Topical intra-articular use of TXA led to the reduction in intraoperative and postoperative bleeding and affected hemoglobin levels compared with control. Systemic administration of TXA led to a significant reduction of postoperative bleeding and transfusion rate compared with control and was not different in efficacy and complication incidence when compared to topical administration of TXA. CONCLUSIONS: The use of TXA to reduce blood loss and transfusion requirements in THA is an effective and safe concept in practice. The dose of 2 g TXA topically intra-articularly and a repeated bolus of 1 g TXA systematic led to lower intra- and postoperative bleeding and a significantly lower transfusion rate than the control group. Topical intra-articular TXA administration could be a reasonable alternative in high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Ácido Tranexâmico , Administração Intravenosa/métodos , Idoso , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares/métodos , Masculino , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/sangue , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Eslováquia , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Tranexâmico/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(6): 1078-1087, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058867

RESUMO

AIMS: It has been suggested that the direct anterior approach (DAA) should be used for total hip arthroplasty (THA) instead of the posterior approach (PA) for better early functional outcomes. We conducted a value-based analysis of the functional outcome and associated perioperative costs, to determine which surgical approach gives the better short-term outcomes and lower costs. METHODS: This meta-analysis was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol and the Cochrane Handbook. Several online databases were searched. Non-stratified and stratified meta-analyses were conducted to test the confounding biases in the studies which were included. The mean cost and probability were used to determine the added costs of perioperative services. RESULTS: The DAA group had significantly longer operating times (p < 0.001), reduced length of hospital stay by a mean of 13.4 hours (95% confidence interval (CI) 9.12 to 18; p < 0.001), and greater blood loss (p = 0.030). The DAA group had significantly better functional outcome at three (p < 0.001) and six weeks (p = 0.006) postoperatively according to the Harris Hip Score (HHS). However, there was no significant difference between the groups for the HHS at six to eight weeks (p = 0.230), 12 weeks (p = 0.470), six months (p = 0.740), and one year (p = 0.610), the 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12) physical score at six weeks (p = 0.580) and one year (p = 0.360), SF-12 mental score at six weeks (p = 0.170) and one year (p = 0.960), and University of California and Los Angeles (UCLA) activity scale at 12 weeks (p = 0.250). The mean non-stratified and stratified difference in costs for the operating theatre time and blood transfusion were $587.57 (95% CI 263.83 to 1,010.29) to $887.04 (95% CI 574.20 to 1,298.88) and $248.38 (95% CI 1,003.40 to 1,539.90) to $1,162.41 (95% CI 645.78 to 7,441.30), respectively, more for the DAA group. However, the mean differences in costs for the time in hospital were $218.23 and $192.05, respectively, less for the DAA group. CONCLUSION: The use of the DAA, rather than the PA, in THA has earlier benefits for function and pain. However, these are short-lasting, with no significant differences seen at later intervals. In addition the limited benefits were obtained with higher cumulative costs for DAA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6):1078-1087.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/economia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
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