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1.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(1): 13-26, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739876

RESUMO

Open reduction and internal fixation of displaced acetabular fractures has been the gold standard for treatment of these complex injuries. The subset of older patients with dome impaction, femoral head impaction, or a posterior wall component are considered for treatment with concomitant open reduction and internal fixation and total hip arthroplasty. Little has been written on the surgical techniques to perform concomitant open reduction and internal fixation plus total hip arthroplasty safely. This article describes the important intrinsic factors for acetabular component stability, choice of surgical approach for management of these injuries, and surgical technique for anterior and posterior approaches.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/cirurgia , Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Redução Aberta/métodos , Acetábulo/lesões , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cadáver , Cabeça do Fêmur/lesões , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/normas , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Redução Aberta/normas , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(11): 1438-1446, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674243

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to explore whether intraoperative nerve monitoring can identify risk factors and reduce the incidence of nerve injury in patients with high-riding developmental dysplasia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a historical controlled study of patients with unilateral Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Between October 2016 and October 2017, intraoperative nerve monitoring of the femoral and sciatic nerves was applied in total hip arthroplasty (THA). A neuromonitoring technician was employed to monitor nerve function and inform the surgeon of ongoing changes in a timely manner. Patients who did not have intraoperative nerve monitoring between September 2015 and October 2016 were selected as the control group. All the surgeries were performed by one surgeon. Demographics and clinical data were analyzed. A total of 35 patients in the monitoring group (ten male, 25 female; mean age 37.1 years (20 to 46)) and 56 patients in the control group (13 male, 43 female; mean age 37.9 years (23 to 52)) were enrolled. The mean follow-up of all patients was 13.1 months (10 to 15). RESULTS: The two groups had no significant differences in preoperative data. In the monitoring group, ten nerve alerts occurred intraoperatively, and no neural complications were detected postoperatively. In the control group, six patients had neural complications. The rate of nerve injury was lower in the monitoring group than in the control group, but this did not achieve statistical significance. The degree of leg lengthening was significantly greater in the monitoring group than in the control group. In further analyses, patients who had previous hip surgery were more likely to have intraoperative nerve alerts and postoperative nerve injury. CONCLUSION: Nerve injury usually occurred during the processes of exposure and reduction. The use of intraoperative nerve monitoring showed a trend towards reduced nerve injury in THA for Crowe IV DDH patients. Hence, we recommend its routine use in patients undergoing leg lengthening, especially in those with previous hip surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1438-1446.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Nervo Femoral/fisiologia , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Nervo Isquiático/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Nervo Femoral/lesões , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Nervo Isquiático/lesões , Traumatismos do Sistema Nervoso/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
3.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(11): 1447-1458, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674248

RESUMO

AIMS: We investigated patient characteristics and outcomes of Vancouver type B periprosthetic fractures treated with femoral component revision and/or osteosynthesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study utilized data from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR) and information from patient records. We included all primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed in Sweden since 1979, and undergoing further surgery due to Vancouver type B periprosthetic femoral fracture between 2001 and 2011. The primary outcome measure was any further reoperation between 2001 and 2013. Cross-referencing with the National Patient Register was performed in two stages, in order to identify all surgical procedures not recorded on the SHAR. RESULTS: Out of 1381 Vancouver type B fractures that fulfilled the inclusion criteria, 257 underwent further reoperation by the end of 2013. Interprosthetic and Type B1 fractures had a higher risk for reoperation. For B1 fractures, the rate of reoperation did not differ (p = 0.322) after use of conventional (26%) or locking plate osteosynthesis (19%). No significant differences were observed between cemented, cementless monoblock, and cementless modular revision components for the treatment of type B2 and B3 fractures. CONCLUSION: In this country-specific study, the choice of locking or conventional plates for the treatment of type B1, and cemented or cementless femoral components fixation for B2 and B3 fractures, had no significant influence on risk for reoperation. Interprosthetic fractures adversely affected the outcome of treatment of type B fractures. Differences in the patient characteristics of the compared groups were observed. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1447-1458.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Acidentes por Quedas , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Suécia
4.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(11): 1431-1437, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674251

RESUMO

AIMS: It is not known whether change in patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) over time can be predicted by factors present at surgery, or early follow-up. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with changes in PROM status between two-year evaluation and medium-term follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing Birmingham Hip Resurfacing completed the Veteran's Rand 36 (VR-36), modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Tegner Activity Score, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) at two years and a minimum of three years. A change in score was assessed against minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and patient-acceptable symptom state (PASS) thresholds. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between patient factors and deterioration in PASS status between follow-ups. RESULTS: Overall, 18% of patients reported reductions in mHHS total score exceeding MCID, and 21% reported similar reductions for WOMAC function scores. Nonetheless, almost all patients remained above PASS thresholds for WOMAC function (98%) and mHHS (93%). Overall, 66% of patients with mHHS scores < PASS at two years reported scores > PASS at latest follow-up. Conversely, 6% of patients deteriorated from > PASS to < PASS between follow-ups. Multivariable modelling indicated body mass index (BMI) > 27 kg/m2, VR-36 Physical Component Score (PCS) < 51, VR-36 Mental Component Score (MCS) > 55, mHHS < 84 at two years, female sex, and bone graft use predicted these deteriorating patients with 79% accuracy and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.84. CONCLUSION: Due to largely acceptable results at a later follow-up, extensive monitoring of multiple PROMs is not recommended for Birmingham Hip Resurfacing patients unless they report borderline or unacceptable hip function at two years, are female, are overweight, or received a bone graft during surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1431-1437.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/reabilitação , Nível de Saúde , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Transplante Ósseo/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/reabilitação , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(11): 1423-1430, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674240

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the functional gain achieved following hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients (23 male, five female; mean age, 56 years (25 to 73)) awaiting Birmingham HRA volunteered for this prospective gait study, with an age-matched control group of 26 healthy adults (16 male, ten female; mean age, 56 years (33 to 84)). The Oxford Hip Score (OHS) and gait analysis using an instrumented treadmill were used preoperatively and more than two years postoperatively to measure the functional change attributable to the intervention. RESULTS: The mean OHS improved significantly from 27 to 46 points (p < 0.001) at a mean of 29 months (12 to 60) after HRA. The mean metal ion levels at a mean 32 months (13 to 60) postoperatively were 1.71 (0.77 to 4.83) µg/l (ppb) and 1.77 (0.68 to 4.16) µg/l (ppb) for cobalt and chromium, respectively. When compared with healthy controls, preoperative patients overloaded the contralateral good hip, limping significantly. After HRA, patients walked at high speeds, with symmetrical gait, statistically indistinguishable from healthy controls over almost all characteristics. The control group could only be distinguished by an increased push-off force at higher speeds, which may reflect the operative approach. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing HRA improved their preoperative gait pattern of a significant limp to a symmetrical gait at high speeds and on inclines, almost indistinguishable from normal controls. HRA with an approved device offers substantial functional gains, almost indistinguishable from healthy controls. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1423-1430.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Marcha/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Análise da Marcha/instrumentação , Análise da Marcha/métodos , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/instrumentação , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia , Velocidade de Caminhada/fisiologia
6.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1192-1198, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564144

RESUMO

AIMS: Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) studies of vitamin E-doped, highly crosslinked polyethylene (VEPE) liners show low head penetration rates in cementless acetabular components. There is, however, currently no data on cemented VEPE acetabular components in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of a new cemented VEPE component, compared with a conventional polyethylene (PE) component regarding migration, head penetration, and clinical results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 42 patients (21 male, 21 female) with osteoarthritis and a mean age of 67 years (sd 5), in a double-blinded, noninferiority, randomized controlled trial. The subjects were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive a reverse hybrid THA with a cemented component of either argon-gas gamma-sterilized PE component (controls) or VEPE, with identical geometry. The primary endpoint was proximal implant migration of the component at two years postoperatively measured with RSA. Secondary endpoints included total migration of the component, penetration of the femoral head into the component, and patient-reported outcome measurements. RESULTS: In total, 19 control implants and 18 implants in the VEPE group were analyzed for the primary endpoint. We found a continuous proximal migration of the component in the VEPE group that was significantly higher with a difference at two years of a mean 0.21 mm (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05 to 0.37; p = 0.013). The total migration was also significantly higher in the VEPE group, but femoral head penetration was lower. We found no difference in clinical outcomes between the groups. CONCLUSION: At two years, this cemented VEPE component, although having a low head penetration and excellent clinical results, failed to meet noninferiority compared with the conventional implant by a proximal migration above the proposed safety threshold of RSA. The early proximal migration pattern of the VEPE component is a reason for continued monitoring, although a specific threshold for proximal migration and risk for later failure cannot be defined and needs further study. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1192-1198.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Polietilenos/química , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/epidemiologia , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Análise Radioestereométrica , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Suécia , Vitamina E/farmacologia
8.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1292-1299, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564146

RESUMO

AIMS: This study explores data quality in operation type and fracture classification recorded as part of a large research study and a national audit with an independent review. PATIENTS AND METHODS: At 17 centres, an expert surgeon reviewed a randomly selected subset of cases from their centre with regard to fracture classification using the AO system and type of operation performed. Agreement for these variables was then compared with the data collected during conduct of the World Hip Trauma Evaluation (WHiTE) cohort study. Both types of surgery and fracture classification were collapsed to identify the level of detail of reporting that achieved meaningful agreement. In the National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD), the types of operation and fracture classification were explored to identify the proportion of "highly improbable" combinations. RESULTS: The records were reviewed for 903 cases. Agreement for the subtypes of extracapsular fracture was poor; most centres achieved no better than "fair" agreement. When the classification was collapsed to a single option for "extracapsular" fracture, only four centres failed to have at least "moderate" agreement. There was only "moderate" agreement for the subtypes of intracapsular fracture, which improved to "substantial" when collapsed to "intracapsular". Subtrochanteric fracture types were well reported with "substantial" agreement. There was near "perfect" agreement for internal fixation procedures. "Perfect" or "substantial" agreement was achieved when the type of arthroplasty surgery was reported at the level of "hemiarthroplasty" and "total hip replacement". When reviewing data submitted to the NHFD, a minimum of 5.2% of cases contained "highly improbable" procedures for the stated fracture classification. CONCLUSION: The complexity of collecting fracture classification data at a national scale compromises the accuracy with which detailed classification systems can be reported. Data around type of surgery performed show similar tendencies. Data capture, reporting, and interpretation in future studies must take this into account. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1292-1299.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/classificação , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Inglaterra , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Auditoria Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Reoperação/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , País de Gales
9.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1199-1208, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564148

RESUMO

AIMS: We compared implant and patient survival following intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures (IOPFFs) during primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) with matched controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared 4831 hips with IOPFF and 48 154 propensity score matched primary THAs without IOPFF implanted between 2004 and 2016, which had been recorded on a national joint registry. Implant and patient survival rates were compared between groups using Cox regression. RESULTS: Ten-year stem survival was worse in the IOPFF group (p < 0.001). Risk of revision for aseptic loosening increased 7.2-fold following shaft fracture and almost 2.8-fold after trochanteric fracture (p < 0.001). Risk of periprosthetic fracture of the femur revision increased 4.3-fold following calcar-crack and 3.6-fold after trochanteric fracture (p < 0.01). Risk of instability revision was 3.6-fold after trochanteric fracture and 2.4-fold after calcar crack (p < 0.001). Risk of 90-day mortality following IOPFF without revision was 1.7-fold and 4.0-fold after IOPFF with early revision surgery versus uncomplicated THA (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: IOPFF increases risk of stem revision and mortality up to ten years following surgery. The risk of revision depends on IOPFF subtype and mortality risk increases with subsequent revision surgery. Surgeons should carefully diagnose and treat IOPFF to minimize fracture progression and implant failure. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1199-1208.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Reoperação/métodos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Inglaterra , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Irlanda do Norte , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Periprotéticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Periprotéticas/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido , País de Gales
10.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1186-1191, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564149

RESUMO

AIMS: In previous studies, we identified multiple factors influencing the survivorship of hip resurfacing arthroplasties (HRAs), such as initial anatomical conditions and surgical technique. In addition, the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score presents a ceiling effect, so a better quantification of activity is important to determine which activities may be advisable or detrimental to the recovered patient. We aimed to determine the effect of specific groups of sporting activities on the survivorship free of aseptic failure of a large series of HRA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 661 patients (806 hips) representing 77% of a consecutive series of patients treated with metal-on-metal hybrid HRA answered a survey to determine the types and amounts of sporting activities they regularly participated in. There were 462 male patients (70%) and 199 female patients (30%). Their mean age at the time of surgery was 51.9 years (14 to 78). Their mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.5 kg/m2 (16.7 to 46.5). Activities were regrouped into 17 categories based on general analogies between these activities. Scores for typical frequency and duration of the sessions were used to quantify the patients' overall time spent engaging in sporting activities. Impact and cycle scores were computed. Multivariable models were used. RESULTS: We found no association between any category of activity and a decrease in survivorship. Impact and hip cycle scores also failed to show any association with revision for aseptic failure or wear. CONCLUSION: Return to sporting activities after surgery is safe for patients treated with well-designed and well-implanted HRA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1186-1191.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Exercício/fisiologia , Próteses Articulares Metal-Metal , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Volta ao Esporte/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/reabilitação , California , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Falha de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobrevivência , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1285-1291, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564154

RESUMO

AIMS: Currently, periprosthetic fractures are excluded from the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) definition of atypical femoral fracture (AFFs). This study aims to report on a series of periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFFs) that otherwise meet the criteria for AFFs. Secondary aims were to identify predictors of periprosthetic atypical femoral fractures (PAFFs) and quantify the complications of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case control study of consecutive patients with periprosthetic femoral fractures between 2007 and 2017. Two observers identified 16 PAFF cases (mean age 73.9 years (44 to 88), 14 female patients) and 17 typical periprosthetic fractures in patients on bisphosphonate therapy as controls (mean age 80.7 years (60 to 86, 13 female patients). Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors of PAFF. Management and complications were recorded. RESULTS: Interobserver agreement for the PAFF classification was excellent (kappa = 0.944; p < 0.001). On univariate analysis compared with controls, patients with PAFFs had higher mean body mass indices (28.6 kg/m2 (sd 8.9) vs 21.5 kg/m2 (sd 3.3); p = 0.009), longer durations of bisphosphonate therapy (median 5.5 years (IQR 3.2 to 10.6) vs 2.4 years (IQR 1.0 to 6.4); p = 0.04), and were less likely to be on alendronate (50% vs 94%; p = 0.02) with an indication of secondary osteoporosis (19% vs 0%; p = 0.049). Duration of bisphosphonate therapy was an independent predictor of PAFF on multivariate analysis (R2 = 0.733; p = 0.05). Following primary fracture management, complication rates were higher in PAFFs (9/16, 56%) than controls (5/17, 29%; p = 0.178) with a relative risk of any complication following PAFF of 1.71 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.77 to 3.8) and of reoperation 2.56 (95% CI 1.3 to 5.2). CONCLUSION: AFFs do occur in association with prostheses. Longer duration of bisphosphonate therapy is an independent predictor of PAFF. Complication rates are higher following PAFFs compared with typical PFFs, particularly of reoperation and infection. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1285-1291.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas Periprotéticas/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Intervalos de Confiança , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas Periprotéticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos
12.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1209-1217, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564156

RESUMO

AIMS: There is an increasing demand for hip arthroplasty in China. We aimed to describe trends in in-hospital mortality after this procedure in China and to examine the potential risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 210 450 patients undergoing primary hip arthroplasty registered in the Hospital Quality Monitoring System in China between 2013 and 2016. In-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty and its relation to potential risk factors were assessed using multivariable Poisson regression. RESULTS: During the study period, 626 inpatient deaths occurred within 30 days after hip arthroplasty. Mortality decreased from 2.9% in 2013 to 2.6% in 2016 (p for trend = 0.02). Compared with their counterparts, old age, male sex, and divorced or widowed patients had a higher rate of mortality (all p < 0.05). Risk ratio (RR) for mortality after arthroplasty for fracture was two-fold higher (RR 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5 to 2.6) than that for chronic disease. RRs for mortality were 3.3 (95% CI 2.7 to 3.9) and 8.2 (95% CI 6.5 to 10.4) for patients with Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) of 1 to 2 and CCI ≥ 3, respectively, compared with patients with CCI of 0. The rate of mortality varied according to geographical region, the lowest being in the East region (1.8%), followed by Beijing (2.1%), the North (2.9%), South-West (3.6%), South-Central (3.8%), North-East (4.1%), and North-West (5.2%) regions. CONCLUSION: While in-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty in China appears low and declined during the study period, discrepancies in mortality after this procedure exist according to sociodemographic factors. Healthcare resources should be allocated more to underdeveloped regions to further reduce mortality. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1209-1217.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Sistema de Registros , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , China , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Unfallchirurg ; 122(11): 885-900, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650191

RESUMO

The incidence of periprosthetic hip fractures is increasing due to the increase in endoprosthetic hip replacements. These fractures require a staged and individual treatment concept with the aim of mobilization of the patient as early as possible. The special challenge in the diagnostics is to identify pre-existing signs of loosening of the prosthesis. When the prosthesis is still firmly fixed femoral fractures can be treated with angular stable osteosynthesis. Loosened stems usually have to be revised, mostly in combination with osteosynthesis. Fractures around the acetabulum with a fixed cup can be treated nonoperatively or with osteosynthesis, while loosened cups have to be revised. In revision surgery the stabilization of the dorsal column is crucial for a successful outcome.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Fêmur , Fraturas do Quadril , Fraturas Periprotéticas/etiologia , Acetábulo/lesões , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico , Fraturas do Fêmur/etiologia , Fraturas do Fêmur/terapia , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico , Fraturas do Quadril/etiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/terapia , Humanos , Fraturas Periprotéticas/diagnóstico , Fraturas Periprotéticas/terapia , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e16774, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) relieves pain and restores function in patients with severe rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Over the past few decades, several authors have attempted to assess the efficacy and safety of simultaneous bilateral THA compared with staged bilateral THA. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to compare the mortalities and complications between simultaneous bilateral THA and staged bilateral THA. METHODS: A literature search to identify eligible studies was undertaken to identify all relevant articles published until August 2018. We included studies that compared simultaneous bilateral THA and staged bilateral THA and their effects on mortality and complications. The outcomes included mortality, the occurrence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), the occurrence of pulmonary embolism (PE), respiratory complications, cardiovascular complications, digestive system complications and the occurrence of dislocation. Stata 12.0 was used for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: Nineteen studies involving 59,257 patients were identified; among them, 16,758 patients were selected for treatment with simultaneous bilateral THA, and 42,499 patients were chosen for the purpose of staged bilateral THA. The meta-analysis results demonstrated that there was no significant difference between simultaneous bilateral THA and staged bilateral THA in terms of mortality (risk ratio [RR] = 1.15, 95% CI = 0.76, 1.74; P = .520). Compared with staged bilateral THA, simultaneous bilateral THA was associated with a reduction in the occurrence of DVT, PE and respiratory complications (P < .05). There were no significant differences in the cardiovascular complications, digestive system complications or the occurrence of dislocation and infection (P = .057). CONCLUSIONS: We observed that the prevalence of DVT, PE and respiratory complications was considerably lower with the use of simultaneous bilateral THA than with the use of staged bilateral THA. Thus, simultaneous bilateral THA is a considerably safer procedure than staged bilateral THA in selected THA patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Artroplastia de Quadril/mortalidade , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Transtornos Respiratórios/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia
15.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(9): 1276-1280, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489866

RESUMO

Aims: The present study aims to improve the design of cementless femoral prosthesis stem and achieve better bone ingrowth and long-term stability. Materials and Methods: Four models with different directional hollow holes at the proximal end of femoral prosthesis were designed and finite element analysis was applied to calculate the magnitude of conducting force within the differently angled holes and the stress distribution of the femur and prosthesis. Results: Holes in prostheses make no difference on the stress values of femoral inner walls. The conducting forces in models trepanned on the lateral plane were 6.60N (0° pore) and 8.40N (45° pore) while forces in models trepanned on the anterior-posterior planes were 0.45N (upper 0° pore), 0.48N (lower 0° pore) and 1.57N (upper 45° pore), 1.51N (lower 45° pore), respectively. Conclusion: The position and direction of hollow holes influenced the conducting force in holes but had no influence on stress values of femoral inner walls. Prostheses with one 45° hole trepanned on the lateral plane of proximal prostheses presented best in elevating conducting force.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Fêmur/cirurgia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Prótese de Quadril , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Porosidade , Desenho de Prótese/normas , Estresse Mecânico , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
16.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(9): 1116-1120, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512452

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the mid- and long-term effectiveness of total hip arthroplasty (THA) with Ribbed femoral stem prosthesis. Methods: A clinical data of 354 patients (384 hips) with hip disease who underwent THA with Ribbed femoral stem prostheses between October 2006 and May 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. There were 171 males and 183 females, with an average age of 53.4 years (range, 20-82 years). There were 324 cases of single hip and 30 cases of bilateral hips. The cause of THA included the avascular necrosis of the femoral head in 151 cases (159 hips), hip osteoarthritis in 134 cases (136 hips), rheumatoid arthritis in 43 cases (43 hips), ankylosing spondylitis in 20 cases (40 hips), and trauma in 6 cases (6 hips). The Harris score of total 354 patients before operation was 42.34±8.89. Harris scores were used to evaluate hip function after operation. X-ray films were used to determine the length of the lower limb, the radiolucent line on the femur side, the stability of the prosthesis, and the occurrence of stress shielding. Results: The incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 2-11 years with an average of 7.4 years. The Harris score at last follow-up was 80.52±7.61, which significantly increased when compared with preoperative score ( t=134.804, P=0.000). Two cases (2 hips) of prosthetic infections, 3 cases (3 hips) of prothesis loosening, and 4 cases (4 hips) of periprosthetic fractures, and 48 cases (48 hips) of mild to moderate thigh pain occurred after operation. X-ray films showed 76 cases (78 hips) with radiolucent lines on the femur side and stress shielding. According to the Engh's method, there were 364 hips of bone ingrowth, 15 hips of fibrosis ingrowth, and 5 hips of prosthesis instability. The femoral stem subsidence occurred in 25 cases (25 hips), and the difference in leg length discrepancy was more than 10 mm in 5 patients. Conclusion: THA with Ribbed femoral stem prosthesis can achieve satisfactory effectiveness with good initial stability and rapid bone growth. The incidence of stress shielding is relatively high, but the stress shielding has no significant impact on the mid- and long-term survival rate and effectiveness of femoral prosthesis.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1050-1057, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474145

RESUMO

AIMS: To our knowledge, no study has compared the long-term results of cemented and hybrid total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) secondary to congenital hip disease (CHD). This is a demanding procedure that may require special techniques and implants. Our aim was to compare the long-term outcome of cemented low-friction arthroplasty (LFA) and hybrid THA performed by one surgeon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1989 and December 1997, 58 hips (44 patients; one man, 43 woman; mean age 56.6 years (25 to 77)) with OA secondary to CHD were treated with a cemented Charnley LFA (group A), and 55 hips (39 patients; two men, 37 women; mean age 49.1 years (27 to 70)) were treated with a hybrid THA (group B), by the senior author (GH). The clinical outcome and survivorship were compared. RESULTS: At all timepoints, group A hips had slightly better survivorship than those in group B without a statistically significant difference, except for the 24-year survival of acetabular components with revision for aseptic loosening as the endpoint, which was slightly worse. The survivorship was only significantly better in group A compared with group B when considering reoperation for any indication as the endpoint, 15 years postoperatively (74% vs 52%, p = 0.018). CONCLUSION: We concluded that there was not a substantial difference at almost any time in the outcome of cemented Charnley LFAs compared with hybrid THAs when treating patients with OA of the hip secondary to CHD. We believe, however, that after improvements in the design of components used in hybrid THA, this could be the method of choice, as it is technically easier with a shorter operating time. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1050-1057.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Cimentos para Ossos/uso terapêutico , Cimentação , Feminino , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Z Orthop Unfall ; 157(4): 445-460, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421652

RESUMO

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) represents a meticulously standardized procedure with highly satisfactory results for surgeons and patients alike. Anyhow, due to rare diseases, anatomic varieties or in posttraumatic situations, the restauration of a normal hip joint anatomy and physiological kinematics can become a big challenge for the treating surgeon. This article gives an overview of the variety of these challenging conditions (including developmental hip dysplasia, osteopetrosis, skeletal dysplasia, Paget's disease and extraarticular deformities) and with a selection of complex cases it should give the reader some thought-provoking impulses considering the management of complex primary THA cases. This includes with the choice of implant, intraoperative characteristics, certain pitfalls and postoperative considerations alike. As a result, it should minimize the risk for complications in these complex cases without minimizing the patient's expectations in a nearly normal hip function and painless movement.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Artropatias/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/normas , Articulação do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Artropatias/fisiopatologia
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16926, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464929

RESUMO

The femoral neck-preserving ratio is crucial in arthroplasty with a collum femoris-preserving (CFP) stem. The aim of our study was to analyze the relationships between the neck-preserving ratio and the short-term radiologic and clinical outcomes of patients who underwent total-hip arthroplasty (THA) with a CFP stem.The data of 325 hips from January 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The demographic and radiologic data before and after surgery were obtained from patients. The neck-preserving ratio was defined as the ratio of the preserved femoral neck length to the preoperative femoral neck length. Correlations between the neck-preserving ratio and the radiologic and clinical outcomes of patients were analyzed.The mean neck-preserving ratio was 66.38 ±â€Š6.91% in the current study. We divided patients into 3 groups according to the neck-preserving ratio: group A (neck-preserving ratio ≤60.00%), group B (60.00% < neck-preserving ratio < 70.00%), group C (neck-preserving ratio ≥70.00%). Radiologic features, including the neck-shaft angle ratio (0.96 ±â€Š0.05), canal fill ratio (0.64 ±â€Š0.07), anterior-posterior offset ratio (1.04 ±â€Š0.10), and lateral offset ratio (2.55 ±â€Š1.56) (ratios of the postoperative values to the preoperative values), and the prevalence of complications was significantly different among the groups (χ = 21.173, P < .001). In the correlation analysis, we found a moderate negative correlation between the neck-preserving ratio and neck-shaft angle ratio (r = -0.308, P < .001) and a slight positive correlation of the neck-preserving ratio with the anterior-posterior offset ratio (r = 0.415, P < .001) and the lateral offset ratio (r = 0.164, P = .003). In the linear regression analyses, the neck-preserving ratio was significantly linearly correlated with the neck-shaft angle ratio (B = -0.232, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -0.311 to -0.154, P < .001), anterior-posterior offset ratio (B = 0.589, 95% CI = 0.447-0.730, P < .001), and lateral offset ratio (B = 3.693, 95% CI = 1.256-6.131, P = .003). However, there was no significant linear correlation between the neck-preserving ratio and the canal fill ratio (B = 0.073, 95% CI = -0.033 to 0.180, P = .174). Logistic regression analyses also showed that a sufficient neck-preserving ratio was a protective factor for periprosthetic femoral fractures (odds ratio [OR] = 0.924, 95% CI = 0.859-0.994, P = .035), dislocations (OR = 0.892, 95% CI = 0.796-0.999, P = .048), and thigh pain (OR = 0.886, 95% CI = 0.818-0.960, P = .003).For CFP stems, an insufficient neck-preserving ratio is significantly correlated with poor radiologic and clinical outcomes. Therefore, surgeons should be cognizant to preserve a sufficient femoral neck length during surgery to improve the outcomes for patients undergoing THA with CFP stems.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Colo do Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Comorbidade , Feminino , Colo do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
20.
Orthop Nurs ; 38(4): 262-269, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Standardized approaches to care and care pathways for patients with joint replacement have been shown to decrease length of stay (LOS), improve patient participation in education, decrease patient anxiety while improving perception of care, and lead to overall efficiency and improved care and outcomes. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether implementation of a standardized bundle approach to care influenced the outcomes after total hip or total knee arthroplasty (THA or TKA). METHODS: A retrospective, quasi-experimental before- and after-design study was used to evaluate the impact of the intervention. Two hospitals implemented a standardized bundle of care for patients undergoing THA or TKA that included preoperative patient education, day of surgery mobilization, and a total joint group physical therapy session (Full Bundle). Data analyses were completed on a convenience sample of 2,200 patients who underwent THA or TKA. Outcomes data measured were LOS, discharge disposition, costs, and readmission rate. RESULTS: Patients receiving the Full Bundle had significant reduction in LOS of roughly 1 day (OR = 1.687, 95% CI [1.578, 1.797]) versus group not receiving all elements (OR = 2.706; 95% CI [2.623, 2.789]). Full Bundle patients were 6 times more likely to be discharged home compared with the Partial Bundle group (OR = 6.01, 95% CI [4.01, 9.03]). Full Bundle group had significantly lower total direct costs, F(1) = 4.06, p = .046, partial η = 0.003. There were no differences in readmission rates between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Patients who had all elements of the THA/TKA bundle had the best outcomes. By improving efficiencies of care through the use of the bundle, the 2 hospitals positively impacted the care and outcomes of THA and TKA patients.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/normas , Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/normas , Artroplastia de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/normas , Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/estatística & dados numéricos , Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente/instrumentação , Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sudeste dos Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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