Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 21.285
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(30): 2375-2382, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434419

RESUMO

Objective: To appraise the clinical outcomes of barbed suture in closure of total hip and total knee arthroplasty. Methods: Databases (Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register,Cochrane Library,Highwire,China Biology Medicine disc (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),VIP and Wanfang database) were searched for randomized controlled trials comparing barbed sutures and conventional sutures in total hip and total knee arthroplasty published before January, 2019. Finally, 11 articles (12 randomized controlled trials) involving 1 629 hips or knees were included in this study. The meta-analysis was performed using the Review Manager software. Results: Compared with conventional sutures,barbed sutures resulted in shorter total wound closure time (P<0.001), less ecchymosis and needle prick (both P<0.05).There was no significant differences in terms of wound related complications, superficial infection, stitch abscess, blister, exudation, broken sutures, range of motionand KSS between barbed sutures and conventional sutures(all P>0.05). Conclusions: Based on available level Ⅰ evidence, it indicated that knotless barbed suture maybe a better approach for wound closure in total hip and total knee arthroplasty.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , China , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16837, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441856

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Alkaptonuria (AKU) is a rare disease caused by deficiency of homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase which results in deposition of homogentisic acid (HGA). Ochronotic arthritis, the deposition of excess oxidized HGA in the connective tissues, causes pigmentation and degeneration of the joint tissues ultimately resulting in chronic inflammation and osteoarthritis. The ochronotic arthritis has similar clinical features with osteoarthritis. There is currently no specific treatment for AKU and management is usually symptomatic. In severe cases, total joint arthroplasty is the major treatment approaches. It is rarely reported in China. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we reported a case of a patient with bilateral knee pain for more than 1 year. He complained of a 20-year history of chronic, nonspecific low back pain and stiffness. His urine was black since he was a child. Six years after the knee surgery, his Achilles tendon ruptured. DIAGNOSIS: Specific radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging manifestations were observed. Darkly pigmented full-thickness cartilage and subchondral bone were found during the operation. Histological investigation also manifested dark stains in meniscus and synovial tissues. Black-denatured tendon tissue was also found during the operation. The patient was diagnosed as AKU. INTERVENTIONS: Total knee arthroplasty and Achilles tendon repair were operated separately after the disease was diagnosed. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered very well after the second surgery. He returned to full activities, described no knee pain, and presented to the clinic walking without any aid. Physical examination revealed 0 to 20 of plantar flexion and 0 to 15 of dorsiflexion of the ankle. CONCLUSIONS: Ochronosis is a very rare disease in Asia. This paper supplies new information for study of this disease. The mechanism is still unknown right now. Further studies will be necessary.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo/lesões , Alcaptonúria/complicações , Ocronose/complicações , Tendão do Calcâneo/cirurgia , Alcaptonúria/urina , Artroplastia do Joelho , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruptura Espontânea/etiologia , Ruptura Espontânea/cirurgia
3.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(7): 946-950, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A background of Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) indicates a progressive elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance, leading to overfilling, elevation of venous pressure, congestion in various organs, and edema in the venous system. This study aimed to investigate whether PH is a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities after hip and knee replacement surgery. METHODS: A total of 238 patients who received joint replacement of lower extremities in our department of orthopedics from January 2009 to January 2012 were examined by echocardiography and Color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) of the lower extremities. Based on pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), the patients were divided into a normal PAP group (n=214) and PH group (n=24). All the patients were re-examined by CDFI during post-operative care. RESULTS: Among the 238 patients, 18 had DVT in the lower extremities after the operation. DVT total incidence rate was 7.56% (18/238). In the PH group, 11 patients had DVT (45.83%, 11/24), but in the normal PAP group, only 7 had DVT (3.27%, 7/214). The incidence of DVT was significantly lower in the normal PAP group than in the PH group (P<0.01). In addition, there was a positive correlation between PAP and the incidence of DVT. CONCLUSION: PH could be a high-risk factor for the occurrence of DVT in patient's lower extremities after joint replacement surgeries.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Idoso , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Quadril/irrigação sanguínea , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Joelho/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(7): 1001-1006, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Analyze data regarding total knee arthroplasty (TKA) carried out by the Public Health System (SUS) in the state of São Paulo from 2003 to 2010 and determine the projections expected for 2030. METHODS: A cross-sectional study (observational). We analyzed 10,952 patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty (PTKA) and revision total knee arthroplasty (RTKA) in the state of São Paulo between 2003 and 2010. The collection of data based on ICD-10 and HAA (Hospital Admission Authorization) were provided by the Tabnet and Sigtap software (Management System for the Table of Procedures, Medications, and OPM by SUS). The following variables were analyzed: gender, number of PTKAs and RTKAs, and their projections. The information collected formed a database developed in Excel® for Windows, and the statistical analysis was performed by the Stata® 11 SE and Minitab 16 software. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the prevalence of TKA between genders (p<0.0001); most of the patients were females (7,891; 72%). The projection for 2030 when compared with the first year of the series, 2003, indicates a growth of 428% for PTKA and 1,380% for RTKA, with a greater increase percentage of RTKA in males than in females (1,558% and 1,318%, respectively). CONCLUSION: The proportions of the RTKA projection are much greater than those of PTKA by 2030, with a greater percentage of increase of RTKA in males than in females.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia do Joelho/tendências , Distribuição por Idade , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(8): 941-950, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362549

RESUMO

AIMS: The EuroQol five-dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaire is a widely used multiattribute general health questionnaire where an EQ-5D < 0 defines a state 'worse than death' (WTD). The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of patients awaiting total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a health state WTD and to identify associations with this state. Secondary aims were to examine the effect of WTD status on one-year outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 2073 patients undergoing 2073 THAs (mean age 67.4 years (sd 11.6; 14 to 95); mean body mass index (BMI) 28.5 kg/m2 (sd 5.7; 15 to 72); 1253 female (60%)) and 2168 patients undergoing 2168 TKAs (mean age 69.3 years (sd 9.6; 22 to 91); BMI 30.8 kg/m2 (sd 5.8; 13 to 57); 1244 female (57%)) were recorded. Univariate analysis was used to identify variables associated with an EQ-5D score < 0: age, BMI, sex, deprivation quintile, comorbidities, and joint-specific function measured using the Oxford Hip Score (OHS) or Oxford Knee Score (OKS). Multivariate logistic regression was performed. EQ-5D and OHS/OKS were repeated one year following surgery in 1555 THAs and 1700 TKAs. RESULTS: Preoperatively, 391 THA patients (19%) and 263 TKA patients (12%) were WTD. Multivariate analysis identified preoperative OHS, deprivation, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in THA, and OKS, peripheral arterial disease, and inflammatory arthropathy in TKA as independently associated with WTD status (p < 0.05). One year following arthroplasty EQ-5D scores improved significantly (p < 0.001) and WTD rates reduced to 35 (2%) following THA and 53 (3%) following TKA. Patients who were WTD preoperatively achieved significantly (p < 0.001) worse joint-specific Oxford scores and satisfaction rates one year following joint arthroplasty, compared with those not WTD preoperatively. CONCLUSION: In total, 19% of patients awaiting THA and 12% awaiting TKA for degenerative joint disease are in a health state WTD. Although specific comorbidities contribute to this, hip- or knee-specific function, mainly pain, appear key determinants and can be reliably reversed with an arthroplasty. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:941-950.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/psicologia , Artroplastia do Joelho/psicologia , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Osteoartrite do Quadril/psicologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Listas de Espera , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Satisfação do Paciente , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(8): 922-928, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362558

RESUMO

AIMS: There has been a recent resurgence in interest in combined partial knee arthroplasty (PKA) as an alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The varied terminology used to describe these procedures leads to confusion and ambiguity in communication between surgeons, allied health professionals, and patients. A standardized classification system is required for patient safety, accurate clinical record-keeping, clear communication, correct coding for appropriate remuneration, and joint registry data collection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An advanced PubMed search was conducted, using medical subject headings (MeSH) to identify terms and abbreviations used to describe knee arthroplasty procedures. The search related to TKA, unicompartmental (UKA), patellofemoral (PFA), and combined PKA procedures. Surveys were conducted of orthopaedic surgeons, trainees, and biomechanical engineers, who were asked which of the descriptive terms and abbreviations identified from the literature search they found most intuitive and appropriate to describe each procedure. The results were used to determine a popular consensus. RESULTS: Survey participants preferred "bi-unicondylar arthroplasty" (Bi-UKA) to describe ipsilateral medial and lateral unicompartmental arthroplasty; "medial bi-compartmental arthroplasty" (BCA-M) to describe ipsilateral medial unicompartmental arthroplasty with patellofemoral arthroplasty; "lateral bi-compartmental arthroplasty" (BCA-L) to describe ipsilateral lateral unicompartmental arthroplasty with patellofemoral arthroplasty; and tri-compartmental arthroplasty (TCA) to describe ipsilateral patellofemoral and medial and lateral unicompartmental arthroplasties. "Combined partial knee arthroplasty" (CPKA) was the favoured umbrella term. CONCLUSION: We recommend bi-unicondylar arthroplasty (Bi-UKA), medial bicompartmental arthroplasty (BCA-M), lateral bicompartmental arthroplasty (BCA-L), and tricompartmental arthroplasty (TCA) as the preferred terms to classify CPKA procedures. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:922-928.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Terminologia como Assunto , Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Artroplastia do Joelho/normas , Bibliometria , Hemiartroplastia/instrumentação , Hemiartroplastia/normas , Humanos , Prótese do Joelho
8.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(8): 970-977, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362542

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the synovial alpha-defensin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) in the work-up prior to revision of total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria for this prospective cohort study were acute or chronic symptoms of the index joint without specific exclusion criteria. Synovial fluid aspirates of 202 patients were analyzed and semiquantitative laboratory alpha-defensin ELISA was performed. Final diagnosis of PJI was established by examination of samples obtained during revision surgery. RESULTS: Sensitivity and specificity of the alpha-defensin ELISA for PJI were 78.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 66.7 to 88.5) and 96.6% (95% CI 93.0 to 99.3). Positive and negative predictive values were 89.6% (95% CI 80.6 to 97.8) and 92.2% (95% CI 87.5 to 96.1). The test remained false-negative in 22% of septic revisions, most of which were due to coagulase-negative staphylococci all occurring in either late-chronic or early-postoperative PJI. CONCLUSION: The routine use of synovial fluid alpha-defensin laboratory ELISA in the preoperative evaluation of symptomatic THAs and TKAs is insufficient to accurately diagnose PJI. Particularly in cases involving low-virulence organisms, such as coagulase-negative staphylococci, there remains a need for tests with a higher sensitivity. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:970-977.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico , alfa-Defensinas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Reações Falso-Negativas , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Líquido Sinovial/metabolismo
9.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(8): 960-969, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362543

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to give estimates of the incidence of component incompatibility in hip and knee arthroplasty and to test the effect of an online, real-time compatibility check. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intraoperative barcode registration of arthroplasty implants was introduced in Denmark in 2013. We developed a compatibility database and, from May 2017, real-time compatibility checking was implemented and became part of the registration. We defined four classes of component incompatibility: A-I, A-II, B-I, and B-II, depending on an assessment of the level of risk to the patient (A/B), and on whether incompatibility was knowingly accepted (I/II). RESULTS: A total of 26 524 arthroplasties were analyzed. From 12 307 procedures that were undertaken before implementation of the compatibility check, 21 class A incompatibilities were identified (real- or high-risk combinations; 0.17%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.11 to 0.26). From 5692 hip and 6615 knee procedures prior to implementation of the compatibility check, we found rates of class A-I incompatibility (real- or high-risk combinations unknowingly inserted) of 0.14% (95% CI 0.06 to 0.28) and 0.17% (95% CI 0.08 to 0.30), respectively. From 14 217 procedures after the introduction of compatibility checking (7187 hips and 7030 knees), eight class A incompatibilities (0.06%; 95% CI 0.02 to 0.11) were identified. This difference was statistically significant (p = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Our data presents validated estimates of the baseline incidence of incompatibility events for hip and knee arthroplasty procedures and shows that a significant reduction in class A incompatibility events is possible using a web-based recording system. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:960-969.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Erros Médicos/prevenção & controle , Desenho de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Sistemas de Computação , Dinamarca , Humanos , Erros Médicos/efeitos adversos , Erros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Falha de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros
10.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(8): 915-921, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362550

RESUMO

AIMS: Altered alignment and biomechanics are thought to contribute to the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) in the native compartments after medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the bone activity and remodelling in the lateral tibiofemoral and patellofemoral compartment after medial mobile-bearing UKA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 24 patients (nine female, 15 male) with 25 medial Oxford UKAs (13 left, 12 right) were prospectively followed with sequential 99mTc-hydroxymethane diphosphonate single photon emission CT (SPECT)/CT preoperatively and at one and two years postoperatively, along with standard radiographs and clinical outcome scores. The mean patient age was 62 years (40 to 78) and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 29.7 kg/m2 (23.6 to 42.2). Mean osteoblastic activity was evaluated using a tracer localization scheme with volumes of interest (VOIs). Normalized mean tracer values were calculated as the ratio between the mean tracer activity in a VOI and background activity in the femoral diaphysis. RESULTS: Significant reduction of normalized tracer activity was observed one year postoperatively in tibial and femoral VOIs adjacent to the joint line in the lateral compartment. Patellar VOIs and remaining femoral VOIs demonstrated a significant, diminished normalized tracer activity at final follow-up. CONCLUSION: The osteoblastic bone activity in the native compartments decreased significantly after treatment of medial end-stage OA with a UKA, implying reduced stress to the subchondral bone in the retained compartments after a UKA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:915-921.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Fêmur/metabolismo , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Joelho/metabolismo , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Tíbia/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Remodelação Óssea , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Seguimentos , Hemiartroplastia/instrumentação , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Prótese do Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(8): 951-959, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362551

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to develop a virtual clinic for the purpose of reducing face-to-face orthopaedic consultations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Anonymized experts (hip and knee arthroplasty patients, surgeons, physiotherapists, radiologists, and arthroplasty practitioners) gave feedback via a Delphi Consensus Technique. This consisted of an iterative sequence of online surveys, during which virtual documents, made up of a patient-reported questionnaire, standardized radiology report, and decision-guiding algorithm, were modified until consensus was achieved. We tested the patient-reported questionnaire on seven patients in orthopaedic clinics using a 'think-aloud' process to capture difficulties with its completion. RESULTS: A patient-reported 13-item questionnaire was developed covering pain, mobility, and activity. The radiology report included up to ten items (e.g. progressive periprosthetic bone loss) depending on the type of arthroplasty. The algorithm concludes in one of three outcomes: review at surgeon's discretion (three to 12 months); see at next available clinic; or long-term follow-up/discharge. CONCLUSION: The virtual clinic approach with attendant documents achieved consensus by orthopaedic experts, radiologists, and patients. The robust development and testing of this standardized virtual clinic provided a sound platform for organizations in the United Kingdom to adopt a virtual clinic approach for follow-up of hip and knee arthroplasty patients. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:951-959.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente/normas , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos , Procedimentos Clínicos/normas , Telemedicina/normas , Assistência ao Convalescente/métodos , Algoritmos , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Radiografia , Telemedicina/métodos , Reino Unido
12.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(8): 929-940, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362561

RESUMO

AIMS: Patient-specific instrumentation of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a technique permitting the targeting of individual kinematic alignment, but deviation from a neutral mechanical axis may have implications on implant fixation and therefore survivorship. The primary objective of this randomized controlled study was to compare the fixation of tibial components implanted with patient-specific instrumentation targeting kinematic alignment (KA+PSI) versus components placed using computer-assisted surgery targeting neutral mechanical alignment (MA+CAS). Tibial component migration measured by radiostereometric analysis was the primary outcome measure (compared longitudinally between groups and to published acceptable thresholds). Secondary outcome measures were inducible displacement after one year and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS) over two years. The secondary objective was to assess the relationship between alignment and both tibial component migration and inducible displacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 47 patients due to undergo TKA were randomized to KA+PSI (n = 24) or MA+CAS (n = 23). In the KA+PSI group, there were 16 female and eight male patients with a mean age of 64 years (sd 8). In the MA+CAS group, there were 17 female and six male patients with a mean age of 63 years (sd 7). Surgery was performed using cemented, cruciate-retaining Triathlon total knees with patellar resurfacing, and patients were followed up for two years. The effect of alignment on tibial component migration and inducible displacement was analyzed irrespective of study group. RESULTS: There was no difference over two years in longitudinal migration of the tibial component between the KA+PSI and MA+CAS groups (reaching median maximum total point motion migration at two years of 0.40 mm for the KA+PSI group and 0.37 mm for the MA+CAS group, p = 0.82; p = 0.68 adjusted for age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) for all follow-ups). Both groups had mean migrations below acceptable thresholds. There was no difference in inducible displacement (p = 0.34) or PROMS (p = 0.61 for the Oxford Knee Score) between groups. There was no correlation between alignment and tibial component migration or alignment and inducible displacement. These findings support non-neutral alignment as a viable option with this component, with no evidence that it compromises fixation. CONCLUSION: Kinematic alignment using patient-specific instrumentation in TKA was associated with acceptable tibial component migration, indicating stable fixation. These results are supportive of future investigations of kinematic alignment. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:929-940.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese/etiologia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Br J Anaesth ; 123(3): 269-287, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based international expert consensus regarding anaesthetic practice in hip/knee arthroplasty surgery is needed for improved healthcare outcomes. METHODS: The International Consensus on Anaesthesia-Related Outcomes after Surgery group (ICAROS) systematic review, including randomised controlled and observational studies comparing neuraxial to general anaesthesia regarding major complications, including mortality, cardiac, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, renal, genitourinary, thromboembolic, neurological, infectious, and bleeding complications. Medline, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library including Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, from 1946 to May 17, 2018 were queried. Meta-analysis and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach was utilised to assess evidence quality and to develop recommendations. RESULTS: The analysis of 94 studies revealed that neuraxial anaesthesia was associated with lower odds or no difference in virtually all reported complications, except for urinary retention. Excerpt of complications for neuraxial vs general anaesthesia in hip/knee arthroplasty, respectively: mortality odds ratio (OR): 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.57-0.80/OR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.60-1.15; pulmonary OR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.52-0.80/OR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.58-0.81; acute renal failure OR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.59-0.81/OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.65-0.82; deep venous thrombosis OR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.42-0.65/OR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.64-0.93; infections OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.67-0.79/OR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.76-0.85; and blood transfusion OR: 0.85, 95% CI: 0.82-0.89/OR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.82-0.87. CONCLUSIONS: Recommendation: primary neuraxial anaesthesia is preferred for knee arthroplasty, given several positive postoperative outcome benefits; evidence level: low, weak recommendation. RECOMMENDATION: neuraxial anaesthesia is recommended for hip arthroplasty given associated outcome benefits; evidence level: moderate-low, strong recommendation. Based on current evidence, the consensus group recommends neuraxial over general anaesthesia for hip/knee arthroplasty. TRIAL REGISTRY NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42018099935.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Anestesia Epidural/mortalidade , Anestesia Geral/mortalidade , Raquianestesia/mortalidade , Artroplastia de Quadril/mortalidade , Artroplastia do Joelho/mortalidade , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 20(1): 28, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321578

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery can be associated with significant blood loss. Among the problems associated with such blood loss is the need for transfusions of banked blood [1]. Transfusions not only have a financial consequence but also carry a small risk of disease transmission to the patient. Antifibrinolytics have been successfully used to reduce transfusion requirements in elective arthroplasty patients. The objective of this meta-analysis is to determine which of tranexamic acid (TXA) and epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) is more effective for reducing peri-operative blood loss, and lessening the need for blood transfusion following knee arthroplasty surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant articles published between January 1980 to January 2018 for the purpose of identifying studies comparing TXA and EACA for TKA surgery. A double-extraction technique was used, and included studies were assessed regarding their methodological quality prior to analysis. Outcomes analysed included blood loss, pre- and post-operative haemoglobin, number of patients requiring transfusion, number of units transfused, operative and tourniquet time, and complications associated with antifibrinolytics. RESULTS: Three studies contributed to the quantitative analysis of 1691 patients, with 743 patients included in the TXA group and 948 in the EACA group. Estimated blood loss was similar between the two groups [95% confidence interval (CI) -0.50, 0.04; Z = 1.69; P = 0.09]. There were no differences between the two groups regarding the percentage of patients requiring transfusion (95% CI 0.14, 4.13; Z = 0.31; P = 0.76). There was no difference in the pre- and post-operative haemoglobin difference between the two groups (95% CI -0.36, 0.24; Z = 0.38; P = 0.70). There was no difference in the average number of transfused units (95% CI -0.53, 0.25; Z = 0.71; P = 0.48). There was no difference in the operative (95% CI -0.35, 0.36; Z = 0.04; P = 0.97) or tourniquet time (95% CI -0.16, 0.34; Z = 0.72; P = 0.47). Similarly, there was no difference in the percentage of venous thromboembolism between the two groups (95% CI 0.17, 2.80; Z = 0.51; P = 0.61). CONCLUSIONS: This study did not demonstrate TXA to be superior to EACA. In fact, both antifibrinolytic therapies demonstrated similar efficacy in terms of intra-operative blood loss, transfusion requirements and complication rates. Currently EACA has a lower cost, which makes it an appealing alternative to TXA for TKA surgery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.


Assuntos
Ácido Aminocaproico/uso terapêutico , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Antifibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Transfusão de Sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16450, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305475

RESUMO

Persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) is defined as the discomfort that lasts >3 months postoperatively. The primary aim of this retrospective study was to estimate the risk of developing moderate-to-severe PPP after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The secondary goal was to explore potential predictors of this outcome.Data were collected via hospital arthroplasty registry and chart review. The risk of moderate-to-severe PPP, defined as ≥4 on the numerical rating scale (NRS) at minimum of 3 months post-surgery, was calculated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the association of patient demographics, diagnoses, length of hospital stay, and preoperative NRS with the odds of developing PPP. Exploratory, simple logistic regression was used to estimate the association of perioperative factors with the odds of developing PPP on a subset of patients (n = 72).The risk of PPP after TKA was 31.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 27.5-35.0) (n = 578). Every 2-point increase in baseline NRS was associated with 1.66 (95% CI: 1.37-2.03) times the odds of developing PPP (P < .001). African-Americans (vs whites) had 1.82 (95% CI: 1.03-3.22) times the odds of developing PPP (P = .040). Exploratory analysis suggested that the adductor canal saphenous nerve (vs femoral nerve) blocks were associated with 2.87 (95% CI: 1.00-8.26) times the odds of developing PPP (P = .049).This study estimated a high risk (31.3%) of moderate-to-severe PPP after primary TKA. This study suggested that higher preoperative pain scores might be associated with greater odds of developing PPP. Moreover, this study suggested the possibility that racial differences and types of peripheral nerve blocks might be associated with greater odds of developing moderate-to-severe PPP after TKA surgery. However, the evidence obtained from our exploratory analysis of limited data certainly requires further exploration in large-scale studies.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Bloqueio Nervoso , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16570, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perioperative bleeding during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an ongoing problem for surgeons. Intravenous or topical application of tranexamic acid (TXA) can effectively stop bleeding, but there is still no uniform standard for the best method of administration and dose. METHODS: From October 2016 to September 2018, 218 patients with unilateral primary knee osteoarthritis requiring knee replacement were enrolled and randomly divided into four groups. Group 1 (n = 55) received intra-articular injection (IAI) of TXA and peri-articular injection (PAI) of placebo, group 2 (n = 55) received IAI of placebo and PAI of TXA, group 3 (n = 51) received IAI of TXA and PAI of TXA, and group 4 (n = 57) received double placebo (IAI of placebo and PAI of placebo). The demographic characteristics, surgical indices, hematological indices, wound healing history, and thromboembolic events were investigated. RESULTS: Eight patients were lost to follow-up and 210 patients were included in the analysis. The median TBLs in patients who received IAI of TXA and PAI of placebo and those who received IAI of placebo and PAI of TXA were 470.81 ml and 481.54 ml, respectively. These TBL levels were significantly higher compared to those in patients who received IAI of TXA and PAI of TXA (359.18 ml, P ≤ .001), but significantly lower compared to those in patients who received the double placebo (522.71 ml, P ≤ .001). Compared to other groups, more patients in the double placebo group needed a blood transfusion (P = .013). In the short-term, the double placebo group had higher VAS pain scores and less ROM after surgery (P = .011 and P = .001, respectively). In the long-term (6-month follow-up), there were no significant differences in ROM, VAS, DVT, PE, or wound-related complications. CONCLUSION: The combined use of IAI and PAI of TXA can significantly reduce the TBL and the need for blood transfusion without delaying wound healing or increasing the risk of DVT and PE. In the short-term after surgery, this combined method reduces the pain VAS scores and improves the ROM; however, there are no long-term effects on VAS and ROM.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Vias de Administração de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16609, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Theoretical considerations suggest that total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is technically more challenging after high tibial osteotomy (HTO), resulting in inferior results compared to primary TKA. However, several studies on this issue have shown contradictory results. The purpose of this meta-analysis to compare survivorship and clinical outcomes between TKA with and without previous HTO. METHODS: We reviewed studies that evaluated pain and function scores, range of motion (ROM), operation time, Insall-Salvati (IS) ratio, complications, and survival rates in patients treated with TKA with previous HTO or with primary TKA with short- to midterm (<10 years) or long-term (>10 years) follow-up. RESULTS: Fifteen studies were included in the meta-analysis. There were no significant differences between TKA with and without previous HTO in pain score (95% CI: -0.27 to 0.29; P = .94), function score (95% CI: -0.08 to 0.24; P = .32), operation time (95% CI: -5.43 to 26.85; P = .19), IS ratio (95% CI: -0.03 to 0.08; P = .40), complication rates (TKA with previous HTO, 62/1717; primary TKA, 610/31386; OR 1.31, 95% CI: 0.97-1.77; P = .08), and short- to midterm survival rates (TKA with previous HTO, 1860/2009; primary TKA, 37848/38765; OR 0.55, 95% CI: 0.28-1.10; P = .09). Conversely, ROM (95% CI: -7.40 to -1.26; P = .006) and long-term survival rates (TKA with previous HTO, 1426/1523; primary TKA, 29810/31201; OR 0.71, 95% CI: 0.57-0.89; P = .003) were significantly different between the two groups. In addition, both groups had substantial proportions of knees exhibiting short- to midterm survivorship (92.6% by TKA with previous HTO and 97.6% by primary TKA) and long-term survivorship (93.6% by TKA with previous HTO and 95.5% by primary TKA). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggests that a previous HTO affected ROM or survival of TKA in the long-term even though both groups have equivalent clinical outcomes and complications. Thus, orthopedic surgeons should offer useful information regarding the advantages and disadvantages of both procedures to patients, and should provide advice on the generally higher risk of revision after TKA with previous HTO at long-term follow-up when counseling patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Osteotomia/métodos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Artroplastia do Joelho/mortalidade , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16138, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277113

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of ketamine supplementation on pain management for knee arthroscopy remains controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of ketamine supplementation for knee arthroscopy. METHODS: We search PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases through October 2018 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of ketamine supplementation on pain control for knee arthroscopy. This meta-analysis is performed using the random-effect model. RESULTS: Seven RCTs involving 300 patients are included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with control group for knee arthroscopy, ketamine supplementation reveals favorable impact on pain scores (mean difference [MD] = -2.95; 95% confidence interval [CI] = -3.36 to -2.54; P < .00001), analgesic consumption (standard mean difference [Std. MD] = -1.03; 95% CI = -1.70 to -0.36; P = .002), time to first analgesic requirement (Std. MD = 1.21; 95% CI = 0.45-1.96; P = .002) and malondialdehyde (Std. MD = -0.63; 95% CI = -1.05 to 3.10; P = -.20), and shows no increase in nausea and vomiting (RR = 1.87; 95% CI = 0.65-3.10; P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Ketamine supplementation benefits to pain management and may reduce ischemia reperfusion injury in patients with knee arthroscopy.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Ketamina/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA