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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e23809, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of total knee arthroplasties (TKA) between using medial-pivot (MP) and posterior-stabilized (PS) prosthesis. Does MP prosthesis and PS prosthesis influence the clinical results of a TKA? METHODS: An electronic literature search of PubMed Medline and the Cochrane Library was performed from inception to October 1, 2019. A meta-analysis to compare postoperative outcomes of Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score, Knee Society Score (KSS), range of motion (ROM), complications, and radiographic results between MP and PS prosthesis were conducted. RESULTS: Seven eligible studies involving 934 adult patients (MP group, n = 461; PS group, n = 473) were identified for analysis. This study showed no significant difference between the 2 groups in the WOMAC scores, KSS, ROM, and complications (P > .05). The differences of the femorotibial angle, position of implant, and patellar tilt were also not significant between the 2 groups (P > .05). CONCLUSION: The present meta-analysis has shown that patients with the MP prosthesis have similar clinical results as patients with PS prosthesis. Furthermore, the radiographic results, especially patella tilt angle, were also similar between the 2 groups. Therefore, surgeons should be aware that the types of prostheses are not a decisive factor to ensure successful operation.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Humanos , Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Radiografia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(2): 338-346, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517724

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to identify the tibial component and femoral component coronal angles (TCCAs and FCCAs), which concomitantly are associated with the best outcomes and survivorship in a cohort of fixed-bearing, cemented, medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKAs). We also investigated the potential two-way interactions between the TCCA and FCCA. METHODS: Prospectively collected registry data involving 264 UKAs from a single institution were analyzed. The TCCAs and FCCAs were measured on postoperative radiographs and absolute angles were analyzed. Clinical assessment at six months, two years, and ten years was undertaken using the Knee Society Knee score (KSKS) and Knee Society Function score (KSFS), the Oxford Knee Score (OKS), the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36), and range of motion (ROM). Fulfilment of expectations and satisfaction was also recorded. Implant survivorship was reviewed at a mean follow-up of 14 years (12 to 16). Multivariate regression models included covariates, TCCA, FCCA, and two-way interactions between them. Partial residual graphs were generated to identify angles associated with the best outcomes. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to compare implant survivorship between groups. RESULTS: Significant two-way interaction effects between TCCA and FCCA were identified. Adjusted for each other and their interaction, a TCCA of between 2° and 4° and a FCCA of between 0° and 2° were found to be associated with the greatest improvements in knee scores and the probability of fulfilling expectations and satisfaction at ten years. Patients in the optimal group whose TCCA and FCCA were between 2° and 4°, and 0° and 2°, respectively, had a significant survival benefit at 15 years compared with the non-optimal group (optimal: survival = 100% vs non-optimal: survival = 92%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 88% to 96%). CONCLUSION: Significant two-way interactions between the TCCA and FCCA demonstrate the importance of evaluating the alignment of the components concomitantly in future studies. By doing so, we found that patients who concomitantly had both a TCCA of between 2° and 4° and a FCCA of between 0° and 2° had the best patient-reported outcome measures at ten years and better survivorship at 15 years. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(2):338-346.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Fêmur/patologia , Fêmur/fisiologia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Hemiartroplastia/instrumentação , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Tíbia/patologia , Tíbia/fisiologia , Tíbia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(2): 329-337, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517740

RESUMO

AIMS: A comprehensive classification for coronal lower limb alignment with predictive capabilities for knee balance would be beneficial in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This paper describes the Coronal Plane Alignment of the Knee (CPAK) classification and examines its utility in preoperative soft tissue balance prediction, comparing kinematic alignment (KA) to mechanical alignment (MA). METHODS: A radiological analysis of 500 healthy and 500 osteoarthritic (OA) knees was used to assess the applicability of the CPAK classification. CPAK comprises nine phenotypes based on the arithmetic HKA (aHKA) that estimates constitutional limb alignment and joint line obliquity (JLO). Intraoperative balance was compared within each phenotype in a cohort of 138 computer-assisted TKAs randomized to KA or MA. Primary outcomes included descriptive analyses of healthy and OA groups per CPAK type, and comparison of balance at 10° of flexion within each type. Secondary outcomes assessed balance at 45° and 90° and bone recuts required to achieve final knee balance within each CPAK type. RESULTS: There was similar frequency distribution between healthy and arthritic groups across all CPAK types. The most common categories were Type II (39.2% healthy vs 32.2% OA), Type I (26.4% healthy vs 19.4% OA) and Type V (15.4% healthy vs 14.6% OA). CPAK Types VII, VIII, and IX were rare in both populations. Across all CPAK types, a greater proportion of KA TKAs achieved optimal balance compared to MA. This effect was largest, and statistically significant, in CPAK Types I (100% KA vs 15% MA; p < 0.001), Type II (78% KA vs 46% MA; p = 0.018). and Type IV (89% KA vs 0% MA; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: CPAK is a pragmatic, comprehensive classification for coronal knee alignment, based on constitutional alignment and JLO, that can be used in healthy and arthritic knees. CPAK identifies which knee phenotypes may benefit most from KA when optimization of soft tissue balance is prioritized. Further, it will allow for consistency of reporting in future studies. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(2):329-337.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Mau Alinhamento Ósseo/classificação , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Mau Alinhamento Ósseo/complicações , Mau Alinhamento Ósseo/diagnóstico , Mau Alinhamento Ósseo/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Equilíbrio Postural , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(7): e24512, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The postoperative pain associated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is severe for most patients. The analgesic efficacy and safety of preoperative use of selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors for patients undergoing TKA are unclear. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess whether the use of selective COX-2 inhibitors before TKA decreases the postoperative pain intensity. METHODS: Data sources: The PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials databases from inception to January 2020. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which the intervention treatment was preoperative selective COX-2 vs placebo in patients undergoing TKA and that had at least one of the quantitative outcomes mentioned in the following section of this paper were included. Letters, review articles, case reports, editorials, animal experimental studies, and retrospective studies were excluded. INTERVENTIONS: All RCTs in which the intervention treatment was preoperative selective COX-2 vs placebo in patients undergoing TKA. STUDY APPRAISAL AND SYNTHESIS METHODS: The quality of the RCTs was quantified using the Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale. RevMan 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: Six RCTs that had enrolled a total of 574 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The visual analog scale pain score at rest was significantly different between the experimental group and control group at 24 hours (P < .05) and 72 hours (P < .05) postoperatively. The experimental group exhibited a significant visual analog scale pain score during flexion at 24 hours postoperatively (P < .05), and it was not different at 72 hours postoperatively (P = .08). There was a significant difference in opioid consumption (P < .05), but there was no difference in the operation time (P = .24) or postoperative nausea/vomiting (P = .64) between the groups. CONCLUSION: The efficacy of preoperative administration of selective COX-2 inhibitors to reduce postoperative pain and opioid consumption after TKA is validated. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202090101.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/administração & dosagem , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24138, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429788

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Although the importance of quadriceps femoris function was reported previously, little is known about volume-related factors and their effects on clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We sought to determine whether there was a bilateral difference in vastus medialis muscle volume measured on single-photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) in patients who underwent unilateral TKA. We also aimed to determine whether vastus medialis volume was related to osteoarthritis (OA) severity or scintigraphic uptake degree around the knee joint on SPECT-CT. And finally, we attempted to investigate the factors, such as vastus medialis volume and scintigraphic uptake degree, associated with the functional outcomes of TKA.This retrospective study included 50 patients (41 female, 9 male) undergone unilateral TKA due to primary OA. The maximal cross-sectional area of the vastus medialis was measured on axial SPECT-CT images. Scintigraphic uptake degrees and Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade at the tibiofemoral joints were assessed. We compared maximal cross-sectional area of the vastus medialis on SPECT-CT for difference of bilateral lower limbs. We also analyzed the relationship between volume of vastus medialis and scintigraphic uptake measured on SPECT-CT and the severity of OA on conventional radiographs. The clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index at baseline and at 1 and 2 years after surgery. The relationship between preoperative muscle volume and scintigraphic uptake on SPECT-CT and WOMAC index was analyzed.The amount of muscle volume measured on SPECT-CT was smaller in operated limb in patients who underwent unilateral TKA. Preoperative vastus medialis muscle volume was not related to preoperative OA severity measured on conventional radiographs and scintigraphic uptake on SPECT-CT. However, a decreased vastus medialis muscle volume was related to worse clinical outcomes after TKA (P = .045), whereas the degree of scintigraphic uptake on SPECT-CT was not associated with postoperative clinical outcomes.Muscle volume of vastus medialis was decreased in the operated knee than in the nonoperated knee, and that was correlated with worse postoperative results. Even if the preoperative volume of vastus medialis were not related to OA severity on conventional radiographs and scintigraphic uptake on SPECT-CT, preservation and improvement of the muscle mass of the knee undergoing TKA is important.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Músculo Quadríceps/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ontário/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Pesos e Medidas/instrumentação
6.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(1): 98-104, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380179

RESUMO

AIMS: For many designs of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) it remains unclear whether cemented or uncemented fixation provides optimal long-term survival. The main limitation in most studies is a retrospective or non-comparative study design. The same is true for comparative trials looking only at the survival rate as extensive sample sizes are needed to detect true differences in fixation and durability. Studies using radiostereometric analysis (RSA) techniques have shown to be highly predictive in detecting late occurring aseptic loosening at an early stage. To investigate the difference in predicted long-term survival between cemented, uncemented, and hybrid fixation of TKA, we performed a randomized controlled trial using RSA. METHODS: A total of 105 patients were randomized into three groups (cemented, uncemented, and hybrid fixation of the ACS Mobile Bearing (ACS MB) knee system, implantcast). RSA examinations were performed on the first day after surgery and at scheduled follow-up visits at three months, six months, one year, and two years postoperatively. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) were obtained preoperatively and after two years follow-up. Patients and follow-up investigators were blinded for the result of randomization. RESULTS: RSA secondary stabilization did not show a significant difference between the three types of fixation. A maximum total point motion of less than 0.2 mm in the second postoperative year was shown in each group, which suggests stabilization of the implant. At 24 months after surgery, PROMs significantly improved compared to baseline in all treatment groups. No significant difference was observed between the three groups. CONCLUSION: Secondary stabilization measurements in this study demonstrated no significant difference between the groups. In all groups migration stabilized after initial settling of the implant. For this implant the long-term outcome is not expected to be influenced by the type of fixation to the bone. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(1):98-104.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cimentação , Prótese do Joelho , Análise Radioestereométrica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos para Ossos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese
7.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(1): 113-122, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380182

RESUMO

AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to compare the postoperative systemic inflammatory response in conventional jig-based total knee arthroplasty (conventional TKA) versus robotic-arm assisted total knee arthroplasty (robotic TKA). Secondary aims were to compare the macroscopic soft tissue injury, femoral and tibial bone trauma, localized thermal response, and the accuracy of component positioning between the two treatment groups. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled trial included 30 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee undergoing conventional TKA versus robotic TKA. Predefined serum markers of inflammation and localized knee temperature were collected preoperatively and postoperatively at six hours, day 1, day 2, day 7, and day 28 following TKA. Blinded observers used the Macroscopic Soft Tissue Injury (MASTI) classification system to grade intraoperative periarticular soft tissue injury and bone trauma. Plain radiographs were used to assess the accuracy of achieving the planned postioning of the components in both groups. RESULTS: Patients undergoing conventional TKA and robotic TKA had comparable changes in the postoperative systemic inflammatory and localized thermal response at six hours, day 1, day 2, and day 28 after surgery. Robotic TKA had significantly reduced levels of interleukin-6 (p < 0.001), tumour necrosis factor-α (p = 0.021), ESR (p = 0.001), CRP (p = 0.004), lactate dehydrogenase (p = 0.007), and creatine kinase (p = 0.004) at day 7 after surgery compared with conventional TKA. Robotic TKA was associated with significantly improved preservation of the periarticular soft tissue envelope (p < 0.001), and reduced femoral (p = 0.012) and tibial (p = 0.023) bone trauma compared with conventional TKA. Robotic TKA significantly improved the accuracy of achieving the planned limb alignment (p < 0.001), femoral component positioning (p < 0.001), and tibial component positioning (p < 0.001) compared with conventional TKA. CONCLUSION: Robotic TKA was associated with a transient reduction in the early (day 7) postoperative inflammatory response but there was no difference in the immediate (< 48 hours) or late (day 28) postoperative systemic inflammatory response compared with conventional TKA. Robotic TKA was associated with decreased iatrogenic periarticular soft tissue injury, reduced femoral and tibial bone trauma, and improved accuracy of component positioning compared with conventional TKA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(1):113-122.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Temperatura Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(1): 105-112, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380183

RESUMO

AIMS: Modern total knee arthroplasty (TKA) prostheses are designed to restore near normal kinematics including high flexion. Kneeling is a high flexion, kinematically demanding activity after TKA. The debate about design choice has not yet been informed by six-degrees-of-freedom in vivo kinematics. This prospective randomized clinical trial compared kneeling kinematics in three TKA designs. METHODS: In total, 68 patients were randomized to either a posterior stabilized (PS-FB), cruciate-retaining (CR-FB), or rotating platform (CR-RP) design. Of these patients, 64 completed a minimum one year follow-up. Patients completed full-flexion kneeling while being imaged using single-plane fluoroscopy. Kinematics were calculated by registering the 3D implant models onto 2D-dynamic fluoroscopic images and exported for analysis. RESULTS: CR-FB designs had significantly lower maximal flexion (mean 116° (SD 2.1°)) compared to CR-RP (123° (SD 1.6°)) and PS-FB (125° (SD 2.1°)). The PS-FB design displayed a more posteriorly positioned femur throughout flexion. Furthermore, the CR-RP femur was more externally rotated throughout kneeling. Finally, individual patient kinematics showed high degrees of variability within all designs. CONCLUSION: The increased maximal flexion found in the PS-FB and CR-RP designs were likely achieved in different ways. The PS-FB design uses a cam-post to hold the femur more posteriorly preventing posterior impingement. The external rotation within the CR-RP design was surprising and hasn't previously been reported. It is likely due to the polyethylene bearing being decoupled from flexion. The findings of this study provide insights into the function of different knee arthroplasty designs in the context during deep kneeling and provide clinicians with a more kinematically informed choice for implant selection and may allow improved management of patients' functional expectations. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(1):105-112.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Prótese do Joelho , Desenho de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 12: CD012874, 2020 12 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many surgeons prefer to perform total knee replacement surgery with the aid of a tourniquet. A tourniquet is an occlusive device that restricts distal blood flow to help create a bloodless field during the procedure. A tourniquet may be associated with increased risk of pain and complications. OBJECTIVES: To determine the benefits and harms of tourniquet use in knee replacement surgery. SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) up to 26 March 2020. We searched clinicaltrials.gov, the World Health Organization trials portal, and several international registries and joint registries up to March 2020. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing knee replacement with use of a tourniquet versus without use of a tourniquet and non-randomised studies with more than 1000 participants. Major outcomes included pain, function, global assessment of success, health-related quality of life, serious adverse events (including venous thromboembolism, infection, re-operation, and mortality), cognitive function, and survival of the implant. Minor outcomes included blood loss, economic outcomes, implant stability, and adverse events. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors screened abstracts and full texts, extracted data, performed risk of bias assessments, and assessed the certainty of the evidence using the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: We included 41 RCTs with 2819 participants. Trials included from 20 to 199 participants. Mean age ranged between 58 and 84 years. More than half of the RCTs had unclear risk of selection bias and unclear risk of performance and detection bias due to absence of blinding of participants and surgeons. Major outcomes Pain: at postoperative day 1, pain (on a scale from zero to 10, with higher scores indicating worse pain) was ranked at 4.56 points after surgery without a tourniquet and at 1.25 points (MD) higher (95% CI 0.32 higher to 2.19 higher) with a tourniquet (8 studies; 577 participants), for an absolute difference of 12.5% higher pain scores (95% CI 3.2% higher to 21.9% higher) and a relative difference of 19% higher pain scores (95% CI 3.4% higher to 49% higher) with a tourniquet. Evidence for these findings was of moderate certainty, downgraded due to risk of bias. Knee replacement with a tourniquet probably led to higher postoperative pain scores at day 1, although this difference may or may not be noticeable to patients (based on a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of 1.0). Function: at 12 months, tourniquet use probably makes little or no difference to function, based on an MCID of 5.3 for Knee Society Score (KSS) and 5.0 for Oxford Knee Score (OKS). Mean function (on a scale from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating better outcomes) was 90.03 points after surgery without a tourniquet and was 0.29 points worse (95% CI 1.06 worse to 0.48 better) on a 0 to 100 scale, absolute difference was 0.29% worse (1.06% worse to 0.48% better), with a tourniquet (5 studies; 611 participants). This evidence was downgraded to moderate certainty due to risk of bias. Global assessment of success: low-certainty evidence (downgraded due to bias and imprecision) indicates that tourniquet use may have little or no effect on success. At six months, 47 of 50 (or 940 per 1000) reported overall successful treatment after surgery without a tourniquet and 47 of 50 (or 940 per 1000) with a tourniquet (risk ratio (RR) 1.0, 95% CI 0.91 to 1.10) based on one study with 100 participants. Health-related quality of life: at six months, tourniquet may have little or no effect on quality of life. The 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12) score (mental component from zero to 100 (100 is best)) was 54.64 after surgery without a tourniquet and 1.53 (MD) better (95% CI 0.85 worse to 3.91 better) with a tourniquet (1 study; 199 participants); absolute difference was 1.53% better (0.85% worse to 3.91% better). Evidence was of low certainty, downgraded due to risk of bias and small number of participants. Serious adverse events: the risk of serious adverse events was probably higher with tourniquet; 26 of 898 (29 per 1000) reported events following surgery without a tourniquet compared to 53 of 901 (59 per 1000) with a tourniquet (RR 1.73, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.73) in 21 studies (1799 participants). Twenty-nine more per 1000 patients (95% CI 3 to 50 more per 1000 patients) had a serious adverse event with a tourniquet. Forty-eight (95% CI 20 to 345) participants would need to have surgery without a tourniquet to avoid one serious adverse event. This evidence was downgraded to moderate certainty due to risk of bias. Cognitive function: one study reported cognitive function as an outcome; however the data were incompletely reported and could not be extracted for analysis. Survival of implant: it is uncertain if tourniquet has an effect on implant survival due to very low certainty evidence (downgraded for bias, and twice due to very low event rates); 2 of 107 (19 per 1000) required revision surgery in the surgery with a tourniquet group compared to 1 of 107 (9 per 1000) without a tourniquet group at up to two years' follow-up (RR 1.44, 95% CI 0.23 to 8.92). This equates to a 0.4% (0.7% lower to 7% more) increased absolute risk in surgery with a tourniquet. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Moderate certainty evidence shows that knee replacement surgery with a tourniquet is probably associated with an increased risk of serious adverse events. Surgery with a tourniquet is also probably associated with higher postoperative pain, although this difference may or may not be noticeable to patients. Surgery with a tourniquet does not appear to confer any clinically meaningful benefit on function, treatment success or quality of life. Further research is required to explore the effects of tourniquet use on cognitive function and implant survival, to identify any additional harms or benefits. If a tourniquet continues to be used in knee replacement surgery, patients should be informed about the potential increased risk of serious adverse events and postoperative pain.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Torniquetes/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Falha de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Viés de Seleção , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620961450, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141613

RESUMO

Two of the more common potential complications after arthroplasty are venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolus (PE), and excess bleeding. Appropriate chemoprophylaxis choices are essential to prevent some of these adverse events and from exacerbating others. Risk stratification to prescribe safe and effective medications in the prevention of postoperative VTE has shown benefit in this regard. The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at Syosset Hospital/Northwell Health, which performs over 1200 arthroplasties annually, has validated and is using the 2013 version of the Caprini Risk Assessment Model (RAM) to stratify each patient for risk of postoperative VTE. This tool results in a culling of information, past and present, personal and familial, that provides a truly thorough evaluation of the patient's risk for postoperative VTE. The Caprini score then guides the medication choices for thromboprophylaxis. The Caprini score is only valuable if the data is properly collected, and we have learned numerous lessons after applying it for 18 months. Risk stratification requires practice and experience to achieve expertise in perioperative patient evaluation. Having access to pertinent patient information, while gaining proficiency in completing the Caprini RAM, is vital to its efficacy. Ongoing, real time analyses of patient outcomes, with subsequent change in process, is key to improving patient care.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco/métodos , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Artroplastia de Substituição/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Pré-Medicação , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22667, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty is accompanied by moderate to severe postoperative pain. Postoperative pain hampers the functional recovery and lowers patient satisfaction with the surgery. Recently, the adductor canal block (ACB) has been widely used in total knee arthroplasty. However, there is no definite answer as to the location of a continuous block within the ACBs. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials about relevant studies were searched in PubMed (1996 to Oct 2019), Embase (1996 to Oct 2019), and Cochrane Library (CENTRAL, Oct 2019). RESULTS: Five studies involving 348 patients met the inclusion criteria. Pooled data indicated that the proximal ACB was as effective as the distal ACB in terms of total opioid consumption (P = .54), average visual analog scale (VAS) score (P = .35), worst VAS score (P = .19), block success rate (P = .86), and time of catheter insertion (P = .54). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the distal ACB, the proximal ACB showed similar analgesic efficacy for total opioid consumption, average VAS score, worst VAS score, block success rate, and time of catheter insertion. However, because of the limited number of involved studies, more high-quality studies are needed to further identify the optimal location of the ACB.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Nervo Femoral , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1183-1193, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862678

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to develop a personalized outcome prediction tool, to be used with knee arthroplasty patients, that predicts outcomes (lengths of stay (LOS), 90 day readmission, and one-year patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) on an individual basis and allows for dynamic modifiable risk factors. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on all patients who underwent total or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty at a between July 2015 and June 2018. Cohort 1 (n = 5,958) was utilized to develop models for LOS and 90 day readmission. Cohort 2 (n = 2,391, surgery date 2015 to 2017) was utilized to develop models for one-year improvements in Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) pain score, KOOS function score, and KOOS quality of life (QOL) score. Model accuracies within the imputed data set were assessed through cross-validation with root mean square errors (RMSEs) and mean absolute errors (MAEs) for the LOS and PROMs models, and the index of prediction accuracy (IPA), and area under the curve (AUC) for the readmission models. Model accuracies in new patient data sets were assessed with AUC. RESULTS: Within the imputed datasets, the LOS (RMSE 1.161) and PROMs models (RMSE 15.775, 11.056, 21.680 for KOOS pain, function, and QOL, respectively) demonstrated good accuracy. For all models, the accuracy of predicting outcomes in a new set of patients were consistent with the cross-validation accuracy overall. Upon validation with a new patient dataset, the LOS and readmission models demonstrated high accuracy (71.5% and 65.0%, respectively). Similarly, the one-year PROMs improvement models demonstrated high accuracy in predicting ten-point improvements in KOOS pain (72.1%), function (72.9%), and QOL (70.8%) scores. CONCLUSION: The data-driven models developed in this study offer scalable predictive tools that can accurately estimate the likelihood of improved pain, function, and quality of life one year after knee arthroplasty as well as LOS and 90 day readmission. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1183-1193.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1167-1175, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862686

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this prospective multicentre study was to describe trends in length of stay and early complications and readmissions following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) performed at eight different centres in Denmark using a fast-track protocol and to compare the length of stay between centres with high and low utilization of UKA. METHODS: We included data from eight dedicated fast-track centres, all reporting UKAs to the same database, between 2010 and 2018. Complete ( > 99%) data on length of stay, 90-day readmission, and mortality were obtained during the study period. Specific reasons for a length of stay of > two days, length of stay > four days, and 30- and 90-day readmission were recorded. The use of UKA in the different centres was dichotomized into ≥ 20% versus < 20% of arthroplasties which were undertaken being UKAs, and ≥ 52 UKAs versus < 52 UKAs being undertaken annually. RESULTS: A total of 3,927 procedures were included. Length of stay (mean 1.1 days (SD 1.1), median 1 (IQR 0 to 1)) was unchanged during the study period. The proportion of procedures with a length of stay > two days was also largely unchanged during this time. The percentage of patients discharged on the day of surgery varied greatly between centres (0% to 50% (0 to 481)), with centres with high UKA utilization (both usage and volume) having a larger proportion of same-day discharges. The 30- and 90-day readmissions were 166 (4.2%) and 272 (6.9%), respectively; the 90-day mortality was 0.08% (n = 3). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest general underutilization of the potential for quicker recovery following UKA in a fast-track setup. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1167-1175.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Idoso , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1158-1166, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862688

RESUMO

AIMS: The primary objective of this study was to compare migration of the cemented ATTUNE fixed bearing cruciate retaining tibial component with the cemented Press-Fit Condylar (PFC)-sigma fixed bearing cruciate retaining tibial component. The secondary objectives included comparing clinical and radiological outcomes and Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs). METHODS: A single blinded randomized, non-inferiority study was conducted including 74 patients. Radiostereometry examinations were made after weight bearing, but before hospital discharge, and at three, six, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. PROMS were collected preoperatively and at three, six, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Radiographs for measuring radiolucencies were collected at two weeks and two years postoperatively. RESULTS: The overall migration (mean maximum total point motion (MPTM)) at two years was comparable: mean 1.13 mm (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.97 to 1.30) for the ATTUNE and 1.16 mm (95% CI, 0.99 to 1.35) for the PFC-sigma. At two years, the mean backward tilting was -0.43° (95% CI, -0.65 to -0.21) for the ATTUNE and 0.08° (95% CI -0.16 to 0.31), for the PFC-sigma. Overall migration between the first and second postoperative year was negligible for both components. The clinical outcomes and PROMs improved compared with preoperative scores and were not different between groups. Radiolucencies at the implant-cement interface were mainly seen below the medial baseplate: 17% in the ATTUNE and 3% in the PFC-sigma at two weeks, and at two years 42% and 9% respectively (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: In the first two postoperative years the initial version of the ATTUNE tibial component was not inferior with respect to overall migration, although it showed relatively more backwards tilting and radiolucent lines at the implant-cement interface than the PFC-sigma. The version of the ATTUNE tibial component examined in this study has subsequently undergone modification by the manufacturer. Level of Evidence: 1 (randomized controlled clinical trial) Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1158-1166.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos , Migração de Corpo Estranho/epidemiologia , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Análise Radioestereométrica , Método Simples-Cego , Tíbia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21868, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The choice between unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is likely to have long-term implications for patient-reported health outcomes. However, high-quality studies that compare the outcomes of TKA and UKA and their effects are still lacking in the literature. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare the UKA and TKA techniques with regard to functional outcomes and perioperative complications in patients who had isolated medial osteoarthritis. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center, matched-controlled study performed with approval of our hospital (Kunshan hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated to Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine), with the ethics number KZY2020-37. To reduce the effect of selection bias and potential confounding in this observational study, a 1:1 matching algorithm was applied. The groups were split by sex, age to within 6 years, and body mass index within 5 kg/m. Thus, we retrospectively reviewed the records of 240 consecutively enrolled patients who underwent UKA and 240 patients who underwent TKA from January 2013 to June 2015 from the database of our institution. Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects participating in the trial. Clinical outcomes included range of motion, Short Form 12 score, new Knee Society Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index, and the complications. The outcome measures were evaluated by a physiotherapist and were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively at 6 months and 2 years. The mean follow-up time was 3 years. CONCLUSION: We hypothesized that there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of postoperative outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Our study was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5828).


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21670, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an established and successful surgical procedure which is the major treatment for degenerative knee joint diseases. A novel technique to address posterior knee joint pain is the infiltration of local anesthetic between the interspace between the popliteal artery and capsule of the knee (IPACK). The goal of this randomized clinical trial was to assess the efficacy and safety of adding IPACK to adductor canal block (ACB) after TKA. METHODS: This was a prospectively randomized trial that investigated the effectiveness and safety of the IPACK after TKA. Approval from Clinical Studies Ethical Committee in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University was obtained. The inclusion criteria were adult patients undergoing primary unilateral TKA and American Society of Anesthesiologists grade 1 or 2 with normal cognitive function. The patients were randomized to 1 of 2 treatment options: ACB-alone group and ACB + IPACK group. The primary outcome was the total morphine consumption during postoperative 24 hours. Secondary outcomes included postoperative pain score, time to first and total dosage of rescue morphine in postoperative 48 hours, early and late postoperative period (from postoperative day 0-3 months follow-up) performance-based test (Timed-Up and Go test, and quadriceps strength). Postoperative nausea and vomiting, length of hospital stay, patient satisfaction, and other adverse events were also evaluated. RESULTS: It was hypothesized that when combined with a control group, the IPACK block would result in a lower morphine consumption and pain score after TKA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5765).


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Morfina/administração & dosagem , Artéria Poplítea , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Método Simples-Cego
17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(9): 687-690, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878415

RESUMO

There is a low prevalence of osteoarthritis in the lateral compartment of the knee, but the overall number of domestic patients is large, and lateral unicompartmental arthroplasty (UKA) has good prospects.The unique anatomical structure and kinematic characteristics of the lateral compartment make the surgical operation more challenging.Traditional UKA patients have a high incidence of lower limb mal-alignment and poor prosthetic position, which leads to limit of their promotion and application.In recent years, with the development of treatment concepts, surgical techniques and materials, the survival time of UKA prosthesis has been continuously extended, and the clinical effect has been continuously optimized.Strictly grasp the surgical indications in radiology, anatomy and clinical manifestations, familiarize with the lateral compartment anatomy and biomechanical features, and master the technical details are the prerequisites and guarantees for the success of the lateral UKA.With the advancement of technology, minimal invasion, precision and individuation should be the goal pursued for lateral UKA surgery.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Prótese do Joelho , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet) ; 18(3): 0-0, jul.-sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total knee replacement (TKR) is a major orthopedic surgery that is considered high risk for the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes that resulted from the use of a new proposed VTE risk stratification protocol for selecting a suitable extended VTE prophylaxis for post TKR surgery patients administered in conjunction with patient education programs. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in two medical centers in Saudi Arabia. A total of 242 patients were enrolled in the study, 121 patients in each group. The experimental group (A) was assessed by using the proposed VTE risk stratification protocol and also took part in patient education programs about TKR and its complications. The control group (B) was assessed by using the 2005 Caprini risk assessment tool and no education programs were given to this group. Both groups were followed for 35 days post operation. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 65.86 (SD 8.67) and the majority of them were female 137 (56.6%). The mean body mass index of the study sample was 32.46 (SD 5.51). There were no significant differences between the two groups except for surgery type; the proportion of bilateral TKR in group A was higher than in group B (69/121 (28.5%) vs. 40/121(16.5%), p˂0.05). There were no confirmed pulmonary embolism cases in the study sample and diagnosis of deep-vein thrombosis was confirmed in 12/242 (5.0%) of patients: 1/121 (0.8%) in group A and 11/121 (9.1%) in group B (p˂0.05). The readmission rate for all patients was 2.5% (6/242), all of whom were in group B (p˂0.05). CONCLUSION: The proposed VTE risk stratification protocol that was applied in conjunction with patient education programs reduced VTE complications and readmission events, post TKR surgery


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Readmissão do Paciente
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21671, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Concerns exist regarding the analgesia effect and safety of multiple versus single doses dexamethasone in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. There is an urgent need of studies that efficiently control for confounding, conduct comprehensive and consecutive observation of potential risks of the dexamethasone administration, and investigate its clinical applicability. We thus further designed a randomized controlled study to assess the different dose of dexamethasone on postoperative pain and complications in patients undergoing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. METHODS: This randomized, prospective, controlled study was carried out between January 2018 and August 2019. It was approved by the institutional review board in our hospital (HBRM2020013). A total of 80 patients were randomly assigned to each group: the study group (n = 40) and the control group (n = 40). All surgical procedures were performed by a similar orthopedic surgeon. In the study group, patients received intravenously 20 mg dexamethasone (4 mL, Tianjin Kingyork group Co., Ltd., China) just after the anesthesia, and repeated at 24 hours after the surgery. Patients in the control group received intravenously 10 mg dexamethasone solution (2 mL) just after the anesthesia, and repeated at 24 hours after the surgery. CRP, IL-6, VAS pain scores at rest and walking, the VAS scores of nausea, and the incidence of postoperative vomiting and nausea (POVN) were recorded at 24, 48, and 72 hours postoperatively. CONCLUSION: We hypothesized that patients receiving multiple doses of dexamethasone was associated with better outcomes compared with patients receiving single dose of dexamethasone. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5770).


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/dietoterapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21867, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Barbed suture is a novel type of suture introduced in different surgical specialties. Nevertheless, its effect in total knee replacement is still unclear in terms of wound complications and cost effectiveness. The purpose of the present work is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of bidirectional barbed suture in reducing postoperative wound complications in the patients undergoing total knee replacement. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, and controlled study was performed from January 2017 to December 2018. It was authorized via institutional review committee of Yuebei People's Hospital (GDYB1002189). Hundred participants were divided randomly into 2 groups, namely, control group (n = 50) and the study group (n = 50), respectively. All operations were performed using the Miller-Galante prosthesis (Zimmer; Warsaw, IN). For study groups, the joint capsule (Stratafix1-0) and subcutaneous (Stratafix2-0) and intracutaneous (Stratafix3-0) tissues were sutured by a bidirectional barbed suture. At the end, extra 4 to 5 stitches were made to avoid detachment and incision rupture. For control group: the joint capsule was sutured by a traditional absorbable suture (Ethicon VICRYL* Plus 1-0), and the subcutaneous tissue was sutured by an absorbable suture (Ethicon VICRYL* Plus 2-0). The skin was sutured by staples. Incision length, suture time, operation time, postoperative length of hospital stay, and incision complications (such as effusion, infection, hematoma, and skin necrosis) were recorded. All data analyses are implemented through utilizing SPSS for Windows Version 20.0. RESULTS: The results will be shown in Table 1. CONCLUSION: This study can reach a reliable evidence for utilizing bidirectional barbed suture in wound closure in total knee replacement. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5823).


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Suturas/efeitos adversos , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Cápsula Articular/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Segurança , Tela Subcutânea/cirurgia , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Sutura/tendências , Suturas/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
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