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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(3): 187-191, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008284

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical outcome of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) retention type and PCL substituting type using Advance(®) Medial Pivot (AMP) inner-axis knee prosthesis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the cases of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with AMP prosthesis in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2011 to September 2016. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), American Knee Society Knee Score (KSS) clinical scores, KSS functional scores and knee-joint range of motion (ROM) before and after TKA, and Forgotten Joint Scores (FJS) after TKA were collected. The matching group was obtained by 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM). Results: Complete scoring data were obtained in 47 knees of CR group and 1 059 knees of CS group, there were statistical differences in age, sex, body mass index, preoperative WOMAC score, preoperative KSS function score and ROM between the two groups (all P<0.05), except preoperative KSS clinical score (25±4 and 24±7, respectively, t=0.82, P=0.41). With the PSM matching, 37 knees in CR group and 37 knees in CS group were obtained. No significant differences in preoperative indexes were found between the matching groups (all P>0.05). The WOMAC, KSS clinical scores, KSS functional scores and ROM after TKA in each matching group were all much better than those before TKA (all P<0.05); no statistical differences existed in WOMAC, KSS clinical scores, KSS functional scores, ROM and FJS after TKA between the matching groups (all P>0.05). One PCL injury was found in CR matching group after TKA. Incidence of complications in the CR matching group (8.1%) was higher than that in the CS matching group (2.7%), but there was no statistical difference (χ(2)=1.04, P=0.31). Conclusions: When using AMP prosthesis, both CR insert and CS insert can obtain good clinical results in TKA. The potential risk of PCL injury and other complications after CR TKA makes it necessary for surgeons to carefully select an appropriate type of prosthesis.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Desenho de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18750, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of cemented and cementless fixations in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in young patients is controversial. Previous reviews predominantly relied on data from retrospective studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluated the optimal fixation mode in TKA for young patients. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, Medline, Web of Science, and full Cochrane Library electronic databases were searched from inception to July 2018. The outcome measurements consisted of functional outcomes (Knee Society Score [KSS], range of motion [ROM]), radiolucent lines, aseptic loosening, total complications, and reoperation rate. Study data were pooled using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Six RCTs were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. The mean follow-up period was 12 years (range, 2-16.6 years). Cementless TKA was associated with higher KSS-function (P < .0001), higher KSS-pain (P = .005), better ROM recovery (P = .01), and fewer radiolucent lines (<1 mm) (P = .04) compared with cemented TKA. No significant intergroup differences were observed for KSS-knee, total complications, aseptic loosening, or reoperation rate. These results based on a random-effects model were unchanged by sensitivity analysis assumptions. CONCLUSION: Cementless TKA was substantially superior to cemented TKA in young patients. Although the complication and survival rates were similar between groups, better clinical outcomes were obtained with cementless fixation. Further well-designed studies with long follow-up durations are necessary to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Falha de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reoperação
3.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(1): 117-124, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888372

RESUMO

AIMS: It is unknown whether kinematic alignment (KA) objectively improves knee balance in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), despite this being the biomechanical rationale for its use. This study aimed to determine whether restoring the constitutional alignment using a restrictive KA protocol resulted in better quantitative knee balance than mechanical alignment (MA). METHODS: We conducted a randomized superiority trial comparing patients undergoing TKA assigned to KA within a restrictive safe zone or MA. Optimal knee balance was defined as an intercompartmental pressure difference (ICPD) of 15 psi or less using a pressure sensor. The primary endpoint was the mean intraoperative ICPD at 10° of flexion prior to knee balancing. Secondary outcomes included balance at 45° and 90°, requirements for balancing procedures, and presence of tibiofemoral lift-off. RESULTS: A total of 63 patients (70 knees) were randomized to KA and 62 patients (68 knees) to MA. Mean ICPD at 10° flexion in the KA group was 11.7 psi (SD 13.1) compared with 32.0 psi in the MA group (SD 28.9), with a mean difference in ICPD between KA and MA of 20.3 psi (p < 0.001). Mean ICPD in the KA group was significantly lower than in the MA group at 45° and 90°, respectively (25.2 psi MA vs 14.8 psi KA, p = 0.004; 19.1 psi MA vs 11.7 psi KA, p < 0.002, respectively). Overall, participants in the KA group were more likely to achieve optimal knee balance (80% vs 35%; p < 0.001). Bone recuts to achieve knee balance were more likely to be required in the MA group (49% vs 9%; p < 0.001). More participants in the MA group had tibiofemoral lift-off (43% vs 13%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study provides persuasive evidence that restoring the constitutional alignment with KA in TKA results in a statistically significant improvement in quantitative knee balance, and further supports this technique as a viable alternative to MA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J. 2020;102-B(1):117-124.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(1): 108-116, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888356

RESUMO

AIMS: Limited evidence is available on mid-term outcomes of robotic-arm assisted (RA) partial knee arthroplasty (PKA). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate mid-term survivorship, modes of failure, and patient-reported outcomes of RA PKA. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent RA PKA between June 2007 and August 2016 was performed. Patients received a fixed-bearing medial or lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA), or bicompartmental knee arthroplasty (BiKA; PFA plus medial UKA). All patients completed a questionnaire regarding revision surgery, reoperations, and level of satisfaction. Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores (KOOS) were assessed using the KOOS for Joint Replacement Junior survey. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 4.7 years (2.0 to 10.8). Five-year survivorship of medial UKA (n = 802), lateral UKA (n = 171), and PFA/BiKA (n = 35/10) was 97.8%, 97.7%, and 93.3%, respectively. Component loosening and progression of osteoarthritis (OA) were the most common reasons for revision. Mean KOOS scores after medial UKA, lateral UKA, and PFA/BiKA were 84.3 (SD 15.9), 85.6 (SD 14.3), and 78.2 (SD 14.2), respectively. The vast majority of the patients reported high satisfaction levels after RA PKA. Subgroup analyses suggested tibial component design, body mass index (BMI), and age affects RA PKA outcomes. Five-year survivorship was 98.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 97.2 to 99.5) for onlay medial UKA (n = 742) and 99.1% (95% CI 97.9 to 100) for onlay medial UKA in patients with a BMI < 30 kg/m2 (n = 479). CONCLUSION: This large single-surgeon study showed high mid-term survivorship, satisfaction levels, and functional outcomes in RA UKA using metal-backed tibial onlay components. In addition, favourable results were reported in RA PFA and BiKA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(1):108-116.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Prótese do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(1): 132-136, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888367

RESUMO

AIMS: We report the natural course of Baker's cysts following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at short- and mid-term follow-up. METHODS: In this prospective case series, 105 TKA patients were included. All patients who received surgery had a diagnosis of primary osteoarthritis and had preoperatively presented with a Baker's cyst. Sonography and MRI were performed to evaluate the existence and the gross size of the cyst before TKA, and sonography was repeated at a mean follow-up time of 1.0 years (0.8 to 1.3; short-term) and 4.9 years (4.0 to 5.6; mid-term) after TKA. Symptoms potentially attributable to the Baker's cyst were recorded at each assessment. RESULTS: At the one-year follow-up analysis, 102 patients were available. Of those, 91 patients were available for the 4.9-year assessment (with an 86.7% follow-up rate (91/105)). At the short- and mid-term follow-up, a Baker's cyst was still present in 87 (85.3%) and 30 (33.0%) patients, respectively. Of those patients who retained a Baker's cyst at the short-term follow-up, 31 patients (35.6%) had popliteal symptoms. Of those patients who continued to have a Baker's cyst at the mid-term follow-up, 17 patients (56.7%) were still symptomatic. The mean preoperative cyst size was 14.5 cm2 (13.1 to 15.8). At the short- and mid-term follow-up, the mean cyst size was 9.7 cm2 (8.3 to 11.0) and 10.4 cm2 (9.8 to 11.4), respectively. A significant association was found between the size of the cyst at peroperatively and the probability of resolution, with lesions smaller than the median having an 83.7% (36/43) probability of resolution, and larger lesions having a 52.1% (25/48) probability of resolution (p < 0.001). At the mid-term follow-up, no association between cyst size and popliteal symptoms was found. CONCLUSION: At a mean follow-up of 4.9 years (4.0 to 5.6) after TKA, the majority (67.0%, 61/91) of the Baker's cysts that were present preoperatively had disappeared. The probability of cyst resolution was dependent on the size of the Baker's cyst at baseline, with an 83.7% (36/43) probability of resolution for smaller cysts and 52.1% (25/48) probability for larger cysts. Cite this article: Bone Joint J. 2020;102-B(1):132-136.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cisto Popliteal/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Cisto Popliteal/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia
6.
J Surg Oncol ; 121(1): 57-66, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197837

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with pre-existing lymphedema who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis (OA) are at high risk for periprosthetic joint infection. This complication usually requires removal of the implant. This study aimed to investigate whether surgical treatment of lymphedema reduces the rate of prosthesis removal in such patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospective database of patient information collected between January 2009 and December 2018. A total of 348 cases of lower extremity lymphedema were reviewed, and those who underwent total knee TKA for OA of the knee were included. Patient demographics, clinical data, lymphedema surgical history, and TKA surgical history including any episodes of removal were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: There were nine of 15 lymphedema patients with knee OA who subsequently underwent TKA. The mean patient age was 70.4 ± 7.1 years. A total of 18 TKAs were performed in nine patients. The knee prosthesis removal rate was 66.7% (12/18). The prosthesis removal rate was 40% (2/5) in patients who underwent lymphedema microsurgery vs 76.9% (10/13) for those who did not (P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: Pre-existing lymphedema is associated with a high rate of knee prosthesis removal. Lymphedema microsurgery reduced the removal rate of knee prostheses. We recommend that lymphedema microsurgery be considered for patients who require TKA as a treatment for of the knee.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Remoção de Dispositivo , Prótese do Joelho , Linfedema/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfedema/fisiopatologia , Microcirurgia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(1): 7-11, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739881

RESUMO

Surgical techniques used to decrease the amount of blood lost during the procedure range from tourniquets to electrocautery and, more recently, the use of antifibrinolytics. Currently, tranexamic acid is the most commonly used antifibrinolytic in arthroplasty procedures. It was previously thought that intravenous tranexamic acid was more effective than topical tranexamic acid, but had an increased risk of thrombosis and cardiac events; however, this study showed that topical tranexamic acid is as effective in decreasing blood loss and the need for a blood transfusion after hybrid fixation total knee arthroplasty as with cemented total knee arthroplasty.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Torniquetes/efeitos adversos , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Administração Tópica , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Cimentação/tendências , Humanos , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18068, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical-site infections after primary total joint arthroplasty (TJA) are a significant issue. Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement (AIBC) has been widely used for the treatment of infected joints, but routine use of AIBC in primary TJA remains controversial. In this systematic review, we evaluated the efficacy of AIBC in reducing surgical-site infections after primary TJA. METHODS: We systematically searched Pubmed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CMB, CNKI, and WanFang Data for studies (published until June 1, 2019) evaluating AIBC use in reducing infection rates. Two reviewers independently screened the literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data, and assessed the methodological quality of included studies. Meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.3 software. The registration number is CRD42017078341 in PROSPERO. RESULTS: In total, 10 studies were included, resulting in a sample size of 13,909 arthroplasty cases. The overall pooled data demonstrated that, compared with systemic antibiotics, AIBC was more effective in decreasing deep infection rates (odds ratio [OR] = 0.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.14-0.89, P = .030), although there were higher superficial infection rates with AIBC (OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.11-2.11, P = .010). Compared to systemic antibiotics alone, AIBC with systemic antibiotics significantly decreased deep infection rates (OR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.41-0.75, P = .0001) but there was no difference in superficial infection rates (OR = 1.43, 95% CI = 0.81-2.54, P = .220). In the subgroup analysis, both randomized controlled trials and cohort studies had reduced deep infection rates after primary TJA (OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.37-0.99, P = .050 and OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.34-0.70, P = .0001, respectively). AIBC decreased deep infection rates in both total hip and knee arthroplasty (OR = 0.25, 95% CI = 0.12-0.52, P = .0002 and OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.45-0.87, P = .005, respectively). Deep infection rates were significantly decreased by AIBC with gentamicin (OR = 0.31, 95% CI = 0.20-0.49, P < .00001) but unaffected by AIBC with cefuroxime (OR = 0.35, 95% CI = 0.10-1.20, P = .100). Deep infection rates in the AIBC and control groups were similar when laminar airflow was applied to the operating room (OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.60-1.35, P = .620); however, without laminar airflow, the efficacy of AIBC in decreasing deep infection rates was significantly higher than that of control group (OR = 0.21, 95% CI = 0.08-0.59, P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: AIBC may significantly decrease deep infection rates after primary total hip and knee arthroplasty, with or without systemic antibiotics.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos/química , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(47): e18083, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764842

RESUMO

It remains unclear if computer-assisted surgery (CAS) technique actually improves the clinical outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and decreases the failure rate. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the functional results of TKA in a series of patients who underwent staged bilateral TKAs with CAS TKA in 1 knee and conventional TKA in the contralateral knee.From January 1997 to December 2010, we collected 60 patients who were randomly assigned to receive CAS TKA in 1 limb and conventional TKA in the other. The Brainlab Vector Vision navigation system was used for CAS TKA, and the DePuy press-fit condylar sigma guide system was used for conventional TKA. Patients were assessed before surgery, 3 months and 1 year after surgery, and annually thereafter. IKS criteria were used for radiographic evaluation. Clinical and functional evaluation using the scoring system of hospital for special surgery (HSS), international knee society (IKS), Western Ontario and McMaster University osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), and short form-36 (SF-36) were obtained on each knee, before surgery, and at each follow-up visit. Pertinent statistical methods were adopted for data analysis.Fifty-six patients were available for analysis and 44 of the patients were female. The mean duration of follow-up was 8.1 years. Less blood loss (P = .007) and longer operation time were noted for CAS TKAs when compared with conventional TKAs. Precise alignment and fewer outliers of the lower limb and prosthetic component positions were found for CAS TKAs (P < .001). There were no differences between the 2 groups before surgery and at the latest follow-up with regard to scores for HSS, IKS, WOMAC, and SF-36 as well as active range of motion.The clinical outcomes of CAS TKAs at the 8-year follow-up were similar to those of conventional TKAs despite the better radiographic alignment and fewer outliers achieved with navigation assistance.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(11): 1331-1347, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674244

RESUMO

AIMS: Antibiotic-loaded bone cements (ALBCs) may offer early protection against the formation of bacterial biofilm after joint arthroplasty. Use in hip arthroplasty is widely accepted, but there is a lack of evidence in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of ALBC in a large population of TKA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the National Joint Registry (NJR) of England and Wales were obtained for all primary cemented TKAs between March 2003 and July 2016. Patient, implant, and surgical variables were analyzed. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the influence of ALBC on risk of revision. Body mass index (BMI) data were available in a subset of patients. RESULTS: Of 731 214 TKAs, 15 295 (2.1%) were implanted with plain cement and 715 919 (97.9%) with ALBC. There were 13 391 revisions; 2391 were performed for infection. After adjusting for other variables, ALBC had a significantly lower risk of revision for any cause (hazard ratio (HR) 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.77 to 0.93; p < 0.001). ALBC was associated with a lower risk of revision for all aseptic causes (HR 0.85, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.95; p < 0.001) and revisions for infection (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.67 to 1.01; p = 0.06). The results were similar when BMI was added into the model, and in a subanalysis where surgeons using only ALBC over the entire study period were excluded. Prosthesis survival at ten years for TKAs implanted with ALBC was 96.3% (95% CI 96.3 to 96.4) compared with 95.5% (95% CI 95.0 to 95.9) in those implanted with plain cement. On a population level, where 100 000 TKAs are performed annually, this difference represents 870 fewer revisions at ten years in the ALBC group. CONCLUSION: After adjusting for a range of variables, ALBC was associated with a significantly lower risk of revision in this registry-based study of an entire nation of primary cemented knee arthroplasties. Using ALBC does not appear to increase midterm implant failure rates. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1331-1347.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(11): 1447-1458, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674248

RESUMO

AIMS: We investigated patient characteristics and outcomes of Vancouver type B periprosthetic fractures treated with femoral component revision and/or osteosynthesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study utilized data from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR) and information from patient records. We included all primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed in Sweden since 1979, and undergoing further surgery due to Vancouver type B periprosthetic femoral fracture between 2001 and 2011. The primary outcome measure was any further reoperation between 2001 and 2013. Cross-referencing with the National Patient Register was performed in two stages, in order to identify all surgical procedures not recorded on the SHAR. RESULTS: Out of 1381 Vancouver type B fractures that fulfilled the inclusion criteria, 257 underwent further reoperation by the end of 2013. Interprosthetic and Type B1 fractures had a higher risk for reoperation. For B1 fractures, the rate of reoperation did not differ (p = 0.322) after use of conventional (26%) or locking plate osteosynthesis (19%). No significant differences were observed between cemented, cementless monoblock, and cementless modular revision components for the treatment of type B2 and B3 fractures. CONCLUSION: In this country-specific study, the choice of locking or conventional plates for the treatment of type B1, and cemented or cementless femoral components fixation for B2 and B3 fractures, had no significant influence on risk for reoperation. Interprosthetic fractures adversely affected the outcome of treatment of type B fractures. Differences in the patient characteristics of the compared groups were observed. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1447-1458.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Acidentes por Quedas , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Suécia
12.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(11): 1408-1415, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674250

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of conducting a full-scale, appropriately powered, randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing internal fracture fixation and distal femoral replacement (DFR) for distal femoral fractures in older patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven centres recruited patients into the study. Patients were eligible if they were greater than 65 years of age with a distal femoral fracture, and if the surgeon felt that they were suitable for either form of treatment. Outcome measures included the patients' willingness to participate, clinicians' willingness to recruit, rates of loss to follow-up, the ability to capture data, estimates of standard deviation to inform the sample size calculation, and the main determinants of cost. The primary clinical outcome measure was the EuroQol five-dimensional index (EQ-5D) at six months following injury. RESULTS: Of 36 patients who met the inclusion criteria, five declined to participate and eight were not recruited, leaving 23 patients to be randomized. One patient withdrew before surgery. Of the remaining patients, five (23%) withdrew during the follow-up period and six (26%) died. A 100% response rate was achieved for the EQ-5D at each follow-up point, excluding one missing datapoint at baseline. In the DFR group, the mean cost of the implant outweighed the mean cost of many other items, including theatre time, length of stay, and readmissions. For a powered RCT, a total sample size of 1400 would be required with 234 centres recruiting over three years. At six months, the EQ-5D utility index was lower in the DFR group. CONCLUSION: This study found that running a full-scale trial in this country would not be feasible. However, it may be feasible to undertake an international multicentre trial, and our findings provide some guidance about the power of such a study, the numbers required, and some challenges that should be anticipated and addressed. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1408-1415.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17248, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689743

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Intra-articular corticosteroid injection (IACI) is a cost-effective conservative treatment of mild-to-moderate osteoarthritis. Adverse events after this procedure range from life-threatening systemic reactions to self-limiting local reactions. To our knowledge, this is the 1st report of osteonecrosis (ON) in the medial tibial plateau after IACI. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 81-year-old female visited our hospital due to left knee pain of increasing intensity. She presented the sudden onset of severe acute knee pain with long lasting knee pain for several years. DIAGNOSIS: The diagnosis was confirmed ON of medial tibial plateau of knee joint by pathologic finding. INTERVENTIONS: We conducted a posterior stabilized total-knee arthroplasty with no requirement for bone grafting or additional prosthesis, such as metal augments or stems. OUTCOMES: At the postoperative 1 year follow-up, the patient was satisfied with the surgery and had no pain during walking and active knee motion. LESSONS: This case especially stress the possibility of ON in medial tibia plateau after IACI. Therefore, clinicians should monitor symptoms after IACI to enable early detection of this complication.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Osteonecrose/induzido quimicamente , Osteonecrose/cirurgia , Triancinolona/efeitos adversos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Triancinolona/uso terapêutico
14.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 233, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692841

RESUMO

Introduction: As the life expectancy and weight of patients are increasing, more old and obese patients are undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). TKA may lead to several perioperative complications. These include anesthesia-related risks, exacerbation of comorbid medical issues and complications of surgical procedure. We have no studies reporting medical complications following TKA among our population. This study aimed to evaluate perioperative complications of TKA and to identify the related risk factors. Methods: It was a monocentric retrospective including 410 observations in the local TKA registry. Data of patients operated for primary unilateral TKA during the period from January 2014 to December 2017 were reviewed. All patients had standardized protocols of anesthesia and post operative care for three days following surgery. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the predicting factors for complications. Results: Incidence of perioperative complications was 37.1%. The most frequent were per operative hypotension (14.1%) and postoperative desaturation (21.7%, including pulmonary embolism in 2.4%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified: age ≥ 65 years (OR=1.9; p=0.006), respiratory diseases (OR=1.8; p=0.042) and general anesthesia (OR=2.8; p=0.009) as significant risk factors for any complications. Loss of autonomy (OR=4.8; p <0.001) and general anesthesia (OR=2.6; p=0.03) were significant risk factors for hypotension. Age ≥ 65 years (OR=2.6;p<0.001), female gender (OR=4.3;p=0.006) and respiratory diseases(OR=1.9;p=0.02) were associated with postoperative desaturation. Conclusion: This study highlighted hemodynamic and respiratory complications as the most common early complications in TKA. Age ≥ 65years, general anesthesia and respiratory diseases were significant risk factors.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Respiratórias/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
J Surg Orthop Adv ; 28(3): 215-223, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675299

RESUMO

Significant debate persists about posterior cruciate-retaining (CR) versus posterior cruciate-substituting (PS) implant design for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study sought to test the hypothesis that CR TKA will facilitate improved early functional outcomes in gait compared with PS TKA. Patients were randomized to either the CR or PS implant. Various patient-reported and surgeon-reported outcomes as well as gait analyses were obtained pre- and postoperatively. Patients undergoing PS TKA had higher University of California, Los Angeles activity scores at 12 months. No significant difference in spatiotemporal, kinematic, or kinetic parameters between groups was detected, but there was a trend toward quadriceps overuse gait pattern in the CR group. Patients undergoing TKA with a PS implant were more willing to engage in regular higher level physical activity. The CR implant may be a risk factor for quadriceps overuse gait pattern, while the PS implant may be protective against quadriceps overuse. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 28(3):215-223, 2019).


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Marcha , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17508, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702611

RESUMO

Tibial component of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is designed according to morphology of proximal tibia to a large extent. Owing to racial difference, current design of tibial component based on Caucasian may not be suitable for Chinese patients. Meanwhile, data of proximal tibial morphology in Chinese population is lacking. The objective of this research was to investigate proximal tibial morphology of northeast Chinese population.Computer tomography (CT) image of 164 northeast Chinese participants was collected. After three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, size of tibia plateau and TKA resected surface were gauged to guide the design of TKA tibia prothesis in northeast Chinese population. Measurement of tibial size mainly includes tibial mediolateral length (tML), tibial medial/lateral anteroposterior length (tMAP and tLAP). Afterwards, tML/tAP ratio of tibia plateau and TKA resected surface were calculated as feature point of tibia prothesis. tMAP/tLAP ratio of TKA resected surface was calculated to represent tibial asymmetry degree. Medial and lateral posterior tibial slope (MPTS and LPTS) were also measured to give reference to posterior angle of tibia prothesis and angle of tibia osteotomy in TKA. Independent sample t test was performed to conduct statistical analysis, P < .05 was regarded as statistically significance.Northeast Chinese male has larger knee size than female. Significant difference of tML/tAP ratio was also observed between male and female on tibia plateau (1.71 ±â€Š0.07 vs 1.77 ±â€Š0.09) but not on TKA resected surface (1.60 ±â€Š0.05 versus 1.61 ±â€Š0.06). Significant difference of tMAP/tLAP ratio between male and female was also found and they were 1.31 ±â€Š1.03 and 1.11 ±â€Š0.05 respectively. Northeast Chinese female has higher PTS than male (MPTS: 9.56 ±â€Š2.96° vs 8.81 ±â€Š2.87° and LPTS: 8.57 ±â€Š3.19° vs 8.44 ±â€Š2.76°).Significant gender-difference of tibial size and asymmetry degree of tibial resected surface were found between northeast Chinese male and female. Meanwhile, northeast Chinese population has smaller knee size, larger PTS and tML/tAP ratio than that of Caucasian population. Therefore, Chinese-specific and gender-specific tibial prostheses were strongly recommended to be designed.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Masculino , Osteotomia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17134, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574814

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine whether primary repair for intraoperative injury of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) can achieve satisfactory clinical results when compared to the clinical results of patients with no MCL injury. Simultaneously, we sought to determine the differences between 2 methods of primary repair (anchor suture and staple) in terms of their clinical outcomes.In our institute, 3897 total-knee arthroplasties (TKAs) were performed between 2003 and 2014. Sixty-five patients who suffered an MCL injury during the TKA procedure and in whom the injury was repaired with a suture anchor or staple (suture anchor: 36 vs staple: 29) were studied. A matched group of 65 patients without an MCL injury was selected to serve as the control group. Subjective feelings of instability and functional outcomes were assessed using the knee society (KS) score and the Western Ontario & McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Objective stability was evaluated by the measurement of opening angles in extension and at 30° of knee flexion on valgus stress radiographs. The clinical outcomes and stability results were compared between the suture anchor and staple methods.The KS and WOMAC scores in patients who received primary repair of MCL injury during TKA improved from 50.6 ±â€Š13.1 to 87.3 ±â€Š7.3 (P < .001) and 65.9 ±â€Š14.4 to 17.7 ±â€Š6.6 (P < .001), respectively. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the KS (P = .84) and WOMAC (P = .71) scores when comparing the group that received primary repair to the control group. Radiographic stability also showed no differences between the repair and control groups in extension and at 30° of flexion (P = .48 and P = .11, respectively). In the subgroups, there were no significant differences between the suture anchor and staple repair methods in terms of stability and clinical outcomes.Primary repair of an MCL injury during TKA may have clinical outcomes comparable to that in the no MCL injury group. Both staple and suture anchor repair methods could provide excellent clinical and stability outcomes in these types of cases, although a further cohort study is required to validate our results.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamento Colateral Médio do Joelho/lesões , Ligamento Colateral Médio do Joelho/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Âncoras de Sutura , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1230-1237, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564152

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) resection on flexion-extension gaps, mediolateral soft-tissue laxity, fixed flexion deformity (FFD), and limb alignment during posterior-stabilized (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 110 patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee undergoing primary robot-assisted PS TKA. All operations were performed by a single surgeon using a standard medial parapatellar approach. Optical motion capture technology with fixed femoral and tibial registration pins was used to assess gaps before and after PCL resection in extension and 90° knee flexion. Measurements were made after excision of the anterior cruciate ligament and prior to bone resection. There were 54 men (49.1%) and 56 women (50.9%) with a mean age of 68 years (sd 6.2) at the time of surgery. The mean preoperative hip-knee-ankle deformity was 4.1° varus (sd 3.4). RESULTS: PCL resection increased the mean flexion gap significantly more than the extension gap in the medial (2.4 mm (sd 1.5) vs 1.3 mm (sd 1.0); p < 0.001) and lateral (3.3 mm (sd 1.6) vs 1.2 mm (sd 0.9); p < 0.01) compartments. The mean gap differences after PCL resection created significant mediolateral laxity in flexion (gap difference: 1.1 mm (sd 2.5); p < 0.001) but not in extension (gap difference: 0.1 mm (sd 2.1); p = 0.51). PCL resection significantly improved the mean FFD (6.3° (sd 4.4) preoperatively vs 3.1° (sd 1.5) postoperatively; p < 0.001). There was a strong positive correlation between the preoperative FFD and change in FFD following PCL resection (Pearson's correlation coefficient = 0.81; p < 0.001). PCL resection did not significantly affect limb alignment (mean change in alignment: 0.2° valgus (sd 1.2); p = 0.60). CONCLUSION: PCL resection creates flexion-extension mismatch by increasing the flexion gap more than the extension gap. The increase in the lateral flexion gap is greater than the increase in the medial flexion gap, which creates mediolateral laxity in flexion. Improvements in FFD following PCL resection are dependent on the degree of deformity before PCL resection. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1230-1237.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Instabilidade Articular/prevenção & controle , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Prótese do Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Medição de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Fatores Sexuais , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17503, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The local injection of multimodal cocktail is currently commonly used in the treatment of postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It is still inconclusive whether the morphine added to the intraoperative injection mixture could make some difference. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of additional morphine injection on postoperative analgesia in TKA, and provide some useful information on morphine usage in clinical practice. METHODS: The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese biomedical literature database (CBM), and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases were systematically searched. Of 623 records identified, 8 RCTs involving 1093 knees were eligible for data extraction and meta-analysis according to criteria included. RESULTS: Meta-analysis showed that the use of local morphine injection was not associated with significant pain relief within 48 hours postoperatively at rest and on motion (P > .05, all). The use of morphine reduced postoperative total systemic opioids consumption (P < .05). This study found no significant differences in other outcomes including knee flexion range of motion (ROM) (P > .05), extension ROM (P > .05), The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) scores (P > .05), Post-operative nausea and vomiting occurrence (P > .05) regardless of the presence of morphine or not in the injections. CONCLUSION: Additional morphine added to multimodal cocktail did not decrease the postoperative pain scores significantly based on our outcomes, but it reduced the systemic postoperative opioids consumption in total knee arthroplasty.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Morfina/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Analgesia/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Anestesia Local/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morfina/administração & dosagem , Medição da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Orthopade ; 48(11): 963-968, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506824

RESUMO

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a frequent operation in Germany and in 2017 a total of 191,272 interventions were carried out. These interventions are associated with high costs and involve complex clinical workflow organization and time-consuming instrument logistics. With this in mind, the aim of this study was to identify the economic potential of the instrument configuration in order to optimize the entire process in TKA. Changing the composition of the set of instruments used in the operating theater for TKA resulted in time and cost saving for the complete TKA procedure, including all personnel and off-shoot procedures. In addition, the operating time saved by the introduction of a patient-specific instrumentation set meant that the operating theater could be used for more or other surgical procedures, also generating additional revenue.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/economia , Artroplastia do Joelho/economia , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Redução de Custos , Custos e Análise de Custo , Eficiência , Alemanha , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas/economia
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