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1.
Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) ; 80(4): 230-235, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403951

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate out- comes of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in female patients at 5-year follow-up. The working hypothesis for this study was that increased age and body mass index (BMI) would be associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: This study included all female patients 14 years and older who underwent primary hip arthroscopy for FAI with 5-year patient-reported outcome scores. Patients were separated into three age-based cohorts (< 30 years old, 30 to 45 years old, and > 45 years old) for subsequent statistical analysis. This analysis included a comparison of patient demographic information, intraoperative pathology, and functional outcome scores (modified Harris Hip Score [mHHS] and nonarthritic hip score [NAHS]). Statistically significant values were utilized in a regression-based analy- sis to determine predictors of 5-year outcomes in female patients. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered to be statisti- cally significant. RESULTS: Overall, 97 patients met the inclusion criteria, and there was no significant difference in patient demo- graphics (other than age and BMI) or in intraoperative pathologies identified. There were no significant difference across the three groups for mHHS and NAHS at baseline (p > 0.05). At baseline, there were no statistically significant differences between groups for NAHS scores, however < 30-year-old and 30- to 45-year-old cohorts had superior final NAHS scores relative to the > 45-year-old cohort (p = 0.005). At 5-year follow-up, the NAHS scores were significantly better for patients under 30 and 30 to 45 year olds relative to patients over 45 (84.2 ± 15.1 vs. 86.7 ± 11.0 vs. 71.9 ± 26.8, respectively; p = 0.005). Overall, 88 patients (91%) met the minimal clinically important differ- ence (MCID), and 60 patients (62%) achieved the patient acceptable symptomatic state (PASS). Baseline mHHS and BMI were shown to be statistically significant predictors of achieving MCID at 5 years in multivariate analysis (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that women generally have good-to-excellent outcomes following hip ar- throscopy, although females older than 45 may have inferior outcomes relative to younger patients, and BMI and baseline mHHS may be utilized to predict long-term improvement.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Impacto Femoroacetabular , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Impacto Femoroacetabular/diagnóstico por imagem , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(44): e31347, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343076

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The incidence of snapping popliteus tendon syndrome, a type of lateral knee snapping, is not high, so making an accurate diagnosis is difficult. A proper treatment following an accurate diagnosis is essential for improvement. Very few cases have been reported of its treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 18-year-old male patient had experienced painful popping in the lateral part of the knee during knee flexion for 3 years before his hospital visit. DIAGNOSES: Snapping popliteus tendon syndrome. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent an all-arthroscopic surgery. Tendon debulking and tissue debridement around the popliteus tendon was conducted, but the snapping did not resolve. The enlarged tubercle was excised through an arthroscopic procedure using a burr, and the surgery was finished after confirming that snapping was resolved. OUTCOMES: Full range of motion (ROM) was recovered 6 weeks after surgery and the snapping did not recur. LESSONS: Snapping popliteus tendon syndrome is a disease that is hardly recognized due to its low prevalence and difficulty in diagnosis, and it requires close observation of the patient before surgery. The location of the tenderness and the snapping occurrence must also be carefully identified. Our procedure is an entirely arthroscopic technique; as it has the prominent advantage of a speedy recovery and easy rehabilitation, it could also be helpful to set treatment standards for this disease in the future.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Tendões , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Tendões/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor/etiologia , Perna (Membro) , Síndrome
3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 963, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue has recently gained growing interest in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a single injection of autologous micro-fragmented adipose tissue (aMFAT) associated with arthroscopy (cartilage debridement/meniscal regularization or selective meniscectomy/micro-drilling) for symptomatic knee OA. METHODS: This retrospective, single-center study included 49 patients (50 knees) affected by knee OA (radiographic Kellgren-Lawrence III-IV) treated with a single injection of autologous micro-fragmented adipose tissue and knee arthroscopy. Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and subjective International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score were the primary outcome measures and were collected at one and 2 years post-operatively. Patients were divided into clusters based on age, complexity of arthroscopic procedures and chondral lesion grade. RESULTS: Four patients underwent knee replacement (8%). No major adverse events were reported. Minimal Clinically Important Difference (MCID) for KOOS and IKDC was reached by 84 and 74% of all cases at 1 year and by 80 and 76% at 2 years, respectively. High grade chondral lesions negatively affected the outcome at 2 years follow-up (p < 0.05 for IKDC, KOOS overall and 3 out of 5 subscales). CONCLUSION: The injection of micro-fragmented adipose tissue associated with arthroscopy demonstrated to be a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of knee OA, with a substantial improvement in IKDC and KOOS scores and without major complications.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seguimentos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecido Adiposo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(11)2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363560

RESUMO

Shoulder arthroscopy is a mature and widely used treatment to deal with various shoulder disorders. It enables faster recovery and decreases postoperative complications. However, some complications related to shoulder arthroscopy cannot be neglected because they could be life threatening. We presented three cases of various clinical manifestations of pneumothorax after shoulder arthroscopy. The first case was a 65-year-old female who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair under general anesthesia and interscalene nerve block in the beach-chair position. The second case was a 58-year-old male undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and reduction in glenoid fracture under general anesthesia in the lateral decubitus position. The third case was a 62-year-old man receiving arthroscopic rotator cuff repair under general anesthesia in the lateral decubitus position. Each case's operation time was 90, 240, and 270 min. The pressure of the irrigation pumping system was 30, 50, and 70 mmHg, respectively. The second and third cases did not undergo interscalene nerve block. Although the incidence of pneumothorax following shoulder surgery and interscalene nerve block was only 0.2%, it is one of the most life-threatening complications following shoulder arthroscopy. In these cases, multifactorial factors, including patient positioning, interscalene nerve block, long surgical time, size of rotator cuff tears, and the pressure of the irrigation and suction system, can be attributed to the occurrence of pneumothorax. It is crucial to fully comprehend the diagnosis and management of pneumothorax to reduce the risk for patients receiving shoulder arthroscopy.


Assuntos
Bloqueio do Plexo Braquial , Pneumotórax , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Ombro/cirurgia , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/complicações
6.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 32(10): 1356-1359, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36205288

RESUMO

Successful Latarjet procedures depend on many factors including graft union and subsequent restoration of the glenoid surface. Coracoid graft union has been studied; however, remodelling of the glenoid has not been studied extensively. We present two Latarjet cases in which coracoid screws were removed due to hardware issues, at 12 months postoperatively in one patient and at six months in another. We share our observations on the coracoid graft and the restoration of the glenoid shape. Prior to screw removal, done by a mini-open approach, we performed arthroscopic examination of the glenohumeral joint in both patients. Our arthroscopic and open findings with respect to graft union, screw prominence, and glenoid remodelling, are presented. Both cases showed good union of the coracoid graft and restoration of the native glenoid shape. Key Words: Shoulder dislocation, Surgery, Complications, Coracoid process.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular , Luxação do Ombro , Articulação do Ombro , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Processo Coracoide/transplante , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/etiologia , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Escápula/cirurgia , Luxação do Ombro/cirurgia , Articulação do Ombro/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
7.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 53(4): 393-401, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36208882

RESUMO

There are many soft tissue structures around the hip joint that may serve as a source of pain in both the native and prosthetic hip. In this review, the role of the gluteal, piriformis, iliopsoas, and rectus femoris musculotendinous units in the etiology of pathology around the hip joint will be discussed. Management options ranging from tailored physical therapy regimens to local steroid infiltration along with more invasive open and arthroscopic surgical techniques will be reviewed for each pathological entity. While not all conditions are well understood, advancements have been made in the management of each of these often challenging cases in both the native and prosthetic hip settings. This review explores these advancing treatment methods which will supplement the practice of any hip surgeon who is presented with problematic tendinopathy around both the native and prosthetic hip joint.


Assuntos
Tendinopatia , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Quadril , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Dor , Tendinopatia/diagnóstico , Tendinopatia/etiologia , Tendinopatia/terapia
8.
Arthroscopy ; 38(10): 2850-2851, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36192045

RESUMO

Hip instability has gained recognition as an important cause of hip pathology. Causes include incongruency of the articular surfaces due to dysplasia and/or impingement, joint capsule pathology, labral pathology, ligamentum teres tears, ligamentous laxity, muscular imbalance, and tendon tears. Lacking clearly defined symptoms and tests has hindered identification and treatment of this condition. Furthermore, the relevant literature uses different terms such as hyperlaxity and microinstability to describe this patient population, conveying different messages. However, the different terms convey different messages. Joint hyperlaxity or hypermobility has sometimes been used in reference to the hip; however, these usually refer to a genetic ligamentous and capsular condition affecting collagen structure, such as in Ehlers Danlos Syndrome. More common, and often interchangeable, terms are instability and microinstability. As the authors state in the present study, 'instability' has the advantage of conveying the significant impact the condition has on a patient's life. On the other hand, 'microinstability' may more accurately reflect the vague clinical presentation that we often encounter in the average hip patient with instability. Most patients do not complain of symptoms commonly seen in other joints with "instability," such as giving way, subluxation, and recurrent dislocations. In the hip, the symptoms are generally less tangible, and hence, the term "microinstability" may be more appropriate.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos , Instabilidade Articular , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Quadril , Humanos , Cápsula Articular , Instabilidade Articular/etiologia
9.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 832, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056327

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of patient participation in arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) on rehabilitation and patient satisfaction. METHODS: A total of 86 patients of traumatic longitudinal vertical meniscus tears, between January 2017 and December 2020 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The patients in the intraoperative participation group (n = 33) were awake and could watch the screen during APM and communicate with the surgeon in the surgery; patients who underwent APM in the traditional mode were classified as the traditional group(n = 53). The differences in exercise adherence, the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and satisfaction at follow-up were compared. In the intraoperative participation group, the mean age of the patients was 26.97 ± 5.63 years and the follow-up time was 25.12 ± 6.23 months. In the traditional group, the mean age of the patients was 29.21 ± 5.29 years and the follow-up time was 25.08 ± 6.70 months. RESULTS: The intraoperative participation group reported a better result in exercise adherence (78.79% VS 50.94%, p = 0.012). As secondary outcomes, Patients in the intraoperative participation group demonstrated better scores on the KOOS domains of pain (79.80 ± 6.38 VS 76.26 ± 5.33, p = 0.007), Symptoms (59.41 ± 5.27 VS 56.74 ± 5.97, p = 0.038), and QOL (65.91 ± 10.72 VS 60.26 ± 9.34, p = 0.012), as compared to these in the traditional group. There were no significant differences in the KOOS domains of Sport (72.88 ± 8.20 VS 72.64 ± 7.70, P = 0.892), and ADL (89.47 ± 3.50 VS 87.87 ± 4.50 p = 0.085). what's more, in the intraoperative participation group, the results of satisfaction (96.97% VS 81.13%, p = 0.025) were also significantly better. CONCLUSION: The mode of participation of patients during APM can improve patients' exercise adherence, reduce pain, improve symptoms and improve patients' satisfaction as well as the quality of life. More work is needed to develop this mode further.


Assuntos
Meniscectomia , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Adulto , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Meniscectomia/métodos , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Dor/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/etiologia , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Int Orthop ; 46(12): 2821-2828, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069956

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To introduce the surgical technique and clinical outcomes of arthroscopic anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) repair using the Internal Brace and lasso-loop technique for chronic ankle lateral instability. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 29 patients who underwent all-arthroscopic ATFL repair with the Internal Brace and lasso-loop technique from January to August 2020. The patients included 24 males and five females, with a mean age of 30.17 years. Through the accessory anterolateral (AAL) portal, we drilled the bone tunnels and fixed the tape with 4.75 mm and 3.5 mm "SwiveLock" anchors and reattached the torn ligament by the lasso-loop technique. RESULTS: All 29 patients underwent all-arthroscopic procedures smoothly without serious complications, such as infection and important nerve or vessel injuries. There were eight cases of lateral malleolar avulsion fractures and ten cases of talus cartilage injury. The visual analog scale (VAS), Karlsson-Peterson, Tegner, and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores were used to evaluate the clinical consequences. All the patients were followed up for 18.66 ± 4.85 months on average. The average pre-operative VAS score was 4.69 ± 1.04, which was significantly higher than the average post-operative VAS score of 1.14 ± 1.56. At the final follow-up appointments, the averages of Karlsson-Peterson, AOFAS, and Tenger scores were 75.83 ± 9.44, 88.31 ± 6.81, and 6.93 ± 1.79, respectively, which was significantly higher than that before the operation. CONCLUSION: This arthroscopic anterior talofibular ligament repair with the Internal Brace and lasso-loop technique achieves satisfactory clinical outcomes with the benefits of high safety and reliability for chronic ankle lateral instability.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo , Instabilidade Articular , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tornozelo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia
11.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 30(23): e1504-e1514, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the treatment of native shoulder septic arthritis, the optimal irrigation and débridement modality-arthroscopic versus open-is a matter of controversy. We aim to compare revision-free survival (RFS), complications, and resource utilization between these approaches. METHODS: The National Readmission Database was queried from 2016 to 2019 to identify patients using International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, diagnostic and procedure codes. Days to revision irrigation and débridement (I&D) were calculated for patients during index admission or subsequent readmissions. Multivariate regression was used for healthcare utilization analysis. Survival analysis was done using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression. RESULTS: A total of 4,113 patients with native shoulder septic arthritis undergoing I&D were identified, 2,775 arthroscopic (67.5%) and 1,338 open (32.5%). The median follow-up was 170 days (interquartile range 79 to 265). A total of 341 patients (8.3%) underwent revision I&D at a median of 9 days. On multivariate analysis, arthroscopic I&D was associated with a reduction in hospital costs of $4,154 ( P < 0.001) and length of stay of 0.78 days ( P = 0.030). Arthroscopic I&D was associated with reduced blood transfusions (odds ratio 0.69, P = 0.001) and wound complications (odds ratio 0.30, P < 0.001). RFS was 96.4%, 94.9%, 93.3%, and 92.6% for arthroscopic I&D and 94.1%, 92.6%, 90.4%, and 89.0% for open I&D at 10, 30, 90 and 180 days, respectively ( P = 0.00043). On multivariate Cox modeling, arthroscopic I&D was associated with improved survival (hazard ratio 0.67, P = 0.00035). On stratified analysis, arthroscopic I&D was associated with improved RFS in patients aged 65 years or older ( P < 0.001), but RFS was similar in those younger than 65 years ( P = 0.17). CONCLUSION: Risk of revision I&D was markedly lower after arthroscopic I&D compared with open, although the protective benefit was limited to patients aged 65 years or older. Arthroscopy was also associated with decreased costs, length of stay, and complications. Although surgeons must consider specific patient factors, our results suggest that arthroscopic I&D is superior to open I&D. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa , Ombro , Humanos , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Desbridamento/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artrite Infecciosa/cirurgia , Artrite Infecciosa/etiologia , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos
12.
Int Orthop ; 46(12): 2837-2843, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088416

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies have demonstrated a negative relationship between the length of time with symptoms and patient-reported outcome measures in primary hip arthroscopy. Our aim was to expand the generalizability of this finding with a multi-center cohort. METHODS: A multi-center hip arthroscopy registry was queried for patients undergoing primary hip arthroscopy from 2014 to 2017. Patients were stratified according to whether pre-operative symptom duration exceeded two years or did not exceed two years. A Wilcoxon rank sum test was performed for differences in two year post-operative outcome scores. Logistic regression models analyzed the influence of symptom duration on achieving clinically meaningful thresholds (minimum clinically important difference, patient-acceptable symptom state, substantial clinical benefit) when controlling for baseline scores, age, BMI, and sex. RESULTS: Seven hundred forty-four patients met the inclusion criteria, from which 620 had complete outcomes information. The mean ± SD 2-year iHOT-12 scores of patients with symptom duration greater than two years (69 ± 26) were significantly lower than patients with symptom duration less than two years (77 ± 23) (Dunn test, p < 0.001). Chronic duration of pain was a negative predictor of achieving iHOT-12 MCID (0.47 [0.31-0.72]), PASS (0.53 [0.37-0.76]), and SCB (0.67 [0.47-0.94]). CONCLUSION: When controlling for differences in baseline demographic factors and pre-operative iHOT-12 scores, patients with chronic pain report poorer functional outcomes at mid-term follow-up. These results suggest that chronic pain predicts inferior outcomes from primary hip arthroscopy and that surgical intervention at earlier time points may be beneficial in achieving better outcomes.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Impacto Femoroacetabular , Humanos , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Atividades Cotidianas , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seguimentos
13.
Int Orthop ; 46(11): 2593-2601, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048234

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Arthroscopic capsular release (ACR) and Manipulation under anaesthesia(MUA) have been widely used in the treatment of frozen shoulder (FS). However, there is only limited Level-I evidence to prefer ACR over MUA. The purpose of our study was to conduct a randomised trial comparing ACR versus MUA to assess the difference in outcome, complications and cost-effectiveness of both procedures. METHODS: From May 2020 to June 2021, patients presenting with FS were randomised into two groups ACR (n = 44) and MUA (n = 41). Patients with arthritis, full-thickness cuff tears, history of trauma/previous surgery around the shoulder were excluded from the study. Range of movement (ROM), pain grading using visual analogue scale (VAS), functional scores- UCLA, CONSTANT and EuroQol-5D scores were measured pre-operatively and post-operatively. MRI was done at three weeks post-operatively for screening complications of either procedure. Quality-adjusted life years (QALY) was used for cost-analysis. RESULTS: Post-operatively, patients had significant improvement in pain, ROM and functional scores in both groups (P < 0.001) with no significant difference between groups at 24 weeks of follow-up. Diabetic patients undergoing ACR had lesser improvement in abduction and external rotation when compared to non-diabetic patients. Labral tears in MUA group and bone bruises in ACR group were the most common complications noted on the post-operative MRI. For ACR cost per QALY gained was 896 USD while that for MUA was 424 USD. CONCLUSION: Both ACR and MUA resulted in good improvement in pain and shoulder function. Good outcomes, simple technique and better cost-effectiveness would still make MUA an attractive option over ACR for treating FS.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Bursite , Articulação do Ombro , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Bursite/cirurgia , Humanos , Liberação da Cápsula Articular/métodos , Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Articulação do Ombro/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Clin J Sport Med ; 32(5): 523-530, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the variation in changes in patient-reported outcomes 4 to 6 years after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Orthopedic departments at public hospitals. PATIENTS: Patients (n = 447) from the Knee Arthroscopy Cohort Southern Denmark undergoing APM. INTERVENTIONS: All patients underwent APM. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in KOOS4 scores from baseline before surgery to ∼5 years (range 4-6 years) after surgery. KOOS4 is the average aggregated score of 4 of 5 of the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) excluding the activities of daily living subscale (minimal clinical important improvement ∼10 points). A mixed linear model adjusted for sex and body mass index was used to assess change from baseline to ∼5-year follow-up. Change in KOOS4 was divided into 5 categories based on change from baseline to ∼5-year follow-up: <0 points, 0 to 9 points, 10 to 19 points, 20 to 29 points, and ≥30 points. RESULTS: On average, patient-reported outcomes continued to improve from baseline to ∼5-year follow-up (mean KOOS4 change: 26, 95% CI, 24-28). Proportions in the different response groups were <0 points (12%), 0 to 9 points (13%), 10 to 19 points (16%), 20 to 29 points (19%), and ≥30 points (40%), with no difference between younger (≤40 years, n = 75) and older (>40 years, n = 337) patients (P = 0.898). CONCLUSIONS: Patient-reported outcomes on average improved up to ∼5 years after APM; however, large variability was observed. The similar variability in younger and older patients questions the assumption that younger patients with traumatic injuries experience larger benefits from APM.


Assuntos
Meniscectomia , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Atividades Cotidianas , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/etiologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 753, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Corona virus infectious pandemic makes outdoors rehabilitation a potential hazard. Patient education to perform simple home-based exercises seems to be an interesting and sometimes a mandatory option. This study provides a comparison between the conventional and home-based virtual rehabilitation after surgical repair of medial meniscus root tears. METHODS: In this prospective study, all patients who underwent medial meniscus posterior root repair with a modified trans-tibial pull-out technique from March 2019 to March 2021 were evaluated. Those who underwent surgery after December 2019 were trained to perform self-rehabilitation. The rest had undergone outdoors specialized rehabilitation according to a unified protocol and these were used as a historical control group. All patients were followed up for a minimum of 2 year after surgery. Final Lysholm scores were utilized to compare functional outcomes after considering the effect of age, body mass index and time from surgery by multivariate linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Forty-three consecutive patients with medial meniscal root tears were studied. Thirty-nine (90.7%) were women and 4 (9.3%) were men. The mean age of participants was 53.2 ± 8.1 years. The total Lysholm knee score, and all its items were significantly improved in both groups at a two-year follow-up (p < 0.05), except the "Using cane or crutches" item (p = 0.065). Nevertheless, the final Lysholm knee score improvement was higher in patients who performed outdoors specialized rehabilitation and in patients with shorter time-to-surgery. CONCLUSION: Regardless of age and gender, home-based rehabilitation after meniscal root repair with the modified trans-tibial pull-out technique improved the patients' function at a two-year follow-up. Nonetheless, this effect was still significantly lower than that of the outdoors specialized rehabilitation. Future work is required to clarify basic protocols for home-based tele-rehabilitation programs and determine clinical, radiological and functional results. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, therapeutic, historically controlled study.


Assuntos
Doenças das Cartilagens , Traumatismos do Joelho , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia
16.
Orthopadie (Heidelb) ; 51(6): 458-465, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) and its sequelae has changed over the past 20 years based on a steadily increasing understanding of the condition and improvements in surgical techniques. QUESTION: What is the evidence for the treatment of FAIS? METHODS: Analysis of the available literature, structured review, and discussion of the relevant literature. RESULTS: The treatment of FAIS has evolved over time through several phases. In the first phase, the clinical picture and its open treatment by surgical hip dislocation were described. Subsequently, the first comparative studies between open, mini-open, and arthroscopic therapy were published. After development of disease-specific patient-reported outcome measurement systems, the concerns of the young, more active patient population could be captured. In recent years, prospective randomized controlled trials comparing conservative versus surgical therapy of FAIS have been published, showing the superiority of surgical treatment and also the need to strengthen evidence-based research especially in the field of conservative treatment of FAIS. CONCLUSION: The pathomechanism and sequelae of FAIS have been increasingly studied scientifically in recent years. The superiority of a particular surgical technique cannot be demonstrated; the arthroscopic technique has a lower complication rate and a faster convalescence. Clinically important outcome measures are also becoming increasingly established in the therapy of FAIS to capture the clinical relevance for the individual.


Assuntos
Impacto Femoroacetabular , Atividades Cotidianas , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
BMJ ; 378: e069901, 2022 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide clinicians and patients with accurate risk estimates of serious adverse events after common elective shoulder arthroscopic procedures, including reoperation within one year. DESIGN: Population based cohort study. SETTING: Hospital Episode Statistics for NHS England, including civil registration mortality data from the Office for National Statistics. PARTICIPANTS: 288 250 arthroscopic shoulder procedures performed in 261 248 patients aged ≥16 years between 1 April 2009 and 31 March 2017. Elective procedures were grouped into subacromial decompression, rotator cuff repair, acromioclavicular joint excision, glenohumeral stabilisation, and frozen shoulder release. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes were rates of serious adverse events (mortality, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, myocardial infarction, acute kidney injury, stroke, and urinary tract infection) requiring inpatient care within 90 days post-surgery. Secondary outcomes were specific adverse event rates at 90 days, and reoperations (including for deep infection) within one year. RESULTS: The overall rate of complications within 90 days after arthroscopic shoulder surgery (including reoperation) was low at 1.2% (95% confidence interval 1.2% to 1.3%), with one in 81 patients at risk, and varied according to type of procedure, from 0.6% (0.5% to 0.8%) for glenohumeral stabilisation to 1.7% (1.5% to 1.8%) for frozen shoulder release. After adjustment for age, comorbidities, and sex, no effect of procedure type was observed. Pneumonia was the most common adverse event (0.3%, 0.3% to 0.4%), with one in 303 patients at risk. Pulmonary embolic events were rare, at 0.1% (0.1% to 0.1%), with one in 1428 patients at risk. At one year, the overall rate for reoperation was 3.8% (3.8% to 3.9%), with one in 26 patients at risk, ranging from 2.7% (2.5% to 3.0%) for glenohumeral stabilisation to 5.7% (5.4% to 6.1%) for frozen shoulder release. The overall rate of further surgery for deep infection was low, at 0.1% (0.1% to 0.1%), with one in 1111 patients at risk, but was higher after rotator cuff repair (0.2%, 0.2% to 0.2%), with one in 526 patients at risk. Over the study period the number of arthroscopic shoulder procedures increased, except for subacromial decompression, which decreased. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that risks of serious adverse events associated with common shoulder arthroscopy procedures are low. Nevertheless, serious complications do occur, and include the risk of reoperation in one in 26 patients within one year. STUDY REGISTRATION: Clinical. TRIALS: gov NCT03573765.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Bursite , Reoperação , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Bursite/epidemiologia , Bursite/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Ombro , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Knee ; 38: 117-131, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Meniscal tears affect 222 per 100,000 of the population and can be managed non-operatively or operatively with an arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM), meniscal repair or meniscal transplantation. The purpose of this review is to summarise the outcomes following treatment with a meniscal tear and explore correlations between outcomes. METHOD: A systematic review was performed of MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify prospective studies describing the outcomes of patients with a meniscal tear. Comparisons were made of outcomes between APM and non-operative groups. Outcomes were graphically presented over time for all treatment interventions. Pearson's correlations were calculated between outcome timepoints. RESULTS: 35 studies were included, 28 reported outcomes following APM; four following meniscal repair and three following meniscal transplant. Graphical plots demonstrated a sustained improvement for all treatment interventions. A moderate to very strong correlation was reported between baseline and three-month outcomes. In the medium term, there was small significant difference in outcome between APM and non-operative measures (SMD 0.17; 95 % CI 0.04, 0.29), however, this was not clinically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a meniscal tear demonstrated a sustained initial improvement in function scores, which was true of all treatments examined. APM may have little benefit in older people, however, previous trials did not include patients who meet the current indications for surgery as a result the findings should not be generalised to all patients with a meniscal tear. Further trials are required in patients who meet current operative indications.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Joelho , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Idoso , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/etiologia , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Meniscectomia/efeitos adversos , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/etiologia , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia
19.
JBJS Case Connect ; 12(3)2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36040073

RESUMO

CASE: A 17-year-old male patient suffered a radial lateral meniscus tear and underwent an arthroscopic all-inside suture repair. After 7 months, the patient experienced catching. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography revealed an intra-articular loose body without calcification, which was removed surgically. The excised specimen was histopathologically confirmed to be a necrotic meniscus fragment with a suture knot. In addition, cartilage damage because of suspected impingement by a residual suture knot was observed. After removing the loose body and knot, the patient's symptoms were relieved, and he returned to sports. CONCLUSION: Suture knot-related complications should be considered while performing meniscal repairs.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Joelho , Menisco , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Adolescente , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Menisco/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas/efeitos adversos , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/etiologia , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia
20.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 8: CD005259, 2022 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35993965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knee arthroscopy (KA) is a routine orthopedic procedure recommended to repair cruciate ligaments and meniscus injuries and, in suitable cases, to assist the diagnosis of persistent knee pain. There is a small risk of thromboembolic events associated with KA. This systematic review aims to assess if pharmacological or non-pharmacological interventions may reduce this risk. This is an update of an earlier Cochrane Review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of interventions - whether mechanical, pharmacological, or a combination of both - for thromboprophylaxis in adults undergoing KA. SEARCH METHODS: We used standard, extensive Cochrane search methods. The latest search date was 1 June 2021. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs), blinded or unblinded, of all types of interventions used to prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in men and women aged 18 years and older undergoing KA. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard Cochrane methods. Our primary outcomes were pulmonary embolism (PE), symptomatic DVT, asymptomatic DVT, and all-cause mortality. Our secondary outcomes were adverse effects, major bleeding, and minor bleeding. We used GRADE criteria to assess the certainty of the evidence. MAIN RESULTS: We did not identify any new studies for this update. This review includes eight studies involving 3818 adults with no history of thromboembolic disease. Five studies compared daily subcutaneous low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) versus no prophylaxis; one study compared oral rivaroxaban 10 mg versus placebo; one study compared daily subcutaneous LMWH versus graduated compression stockings; and one study compared aspirin versus no prophylaxis. The incidence of PE in all studies combined was low, with seven cases in 3818 participants. There were no deaths in any of the intervention or control groups. Low-molecular-weight heparin versus no prophylaxis When compared with no prophylaxis, LMWH probably results in little to no difference in the incidence of PE in people undergoing KA (risk ratio [RR] 1.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.49 to 6.65; 3 studies, 1820 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). LMWH may make little or no difference to the incidence of symptomatic DVT (RR 0.61, 95% CI 0.18 to 2.03; 4 studies, 1848 participants; low-certainty evidence). It is uncertain whether LMWH reduces the risk of asymptomatic DVT (RR 0.14, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.61; 2 studies, 369 participants; very low-certainty evidence). LMWH probably makes little or no difference to the risk of all adverse effects combined (RR 1.85, 95% CI 0.95 to 3.59; 5 studies, 1978 participants; moderate-certainty evidence), major bleeding (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.06 to 15.72; 1451 participants; moderate-certainty evidence), or minor bleeding (RR 1.79, 95% CI 0.84 to 3.84; 5 studies, 1978 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). Rivaroxaban versus placebo One study with 234 participants compared oral rivaroxaban 10 mg versus placebo. There were no cases of PE reported. Rivaroxaban probably led to little or no difference in symptomatic DVT (RR 0.16, 95% CI 0.02 to 1.29; moderate-certainty evidence). It is uncertain whether rivaroxaban reduces the risk of asymptomatic DVT because the certainty of the evidence is very low (RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.06 to 15.01). The study only reported bleeding adverse effects. No major bleeds occurred in either group, and rivaroxaban probably made little or no difference to minor bleeding (RR 0.63, 95% CI 0.18 to 2.19; moderate-certainty evidence). Aspirin versus no prophylaxis One study compared aspirin with no prophylaxis. There were no PE, DVT or asymptomatic events detected in either group. The study authors reported adverse effects including pain and swelling, but without clarifying which groups these occurred in. There were no bleeds reported. Low-molecular-weight heparin versus compression stockings One study with 1317 participants compared LMWH versus compression stockings. LMWH may lead to little or no difference in the risk of PE compared to compression stockings (RR 1.00, 95% CI 0.14 to 7.05; low-certainty evidence), but it may reduce the risk of symptomatic DVT (RR 0.17, 95% CI 0.04 to 0.75; low-certainty evidence). It is uncertain whether LMWH has any effect on asymptomatic DVT (RR 0.47, 95% CI 0.21 to 1.09; very low-certainty evidence). The results suggest LMWH probably leads to little or no difference in major bleeding (RR 3.01, 95% CI 0.61 to 14.88; moderate-certainty evidence), or minor bleeding (RR 1.16, 95% CI 0.64 to 2.08; moderate-certainty evidence). We downgraded the certainty of the evidence for imprecision due to overall small event numbers, for risk of bias due to concerns about lack of blinding, and for indirectness due to uncertainty about the direct clinical relevance of asymptomatic DVT detection. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is a small risk that healthy adults undergoing KA will develop venous thromboembolism (PE or DVT). We found moderate- to low-certainty evidence of little or no benefit from LMWH, or rivaroxaban in reducing this small risk of PE or symptomatic DVT. The studies provided very low-certainty evidence that LMWH may reduce the risk of asymptomatic DVT compared to no prophylaxis, but it is uncertain how this directly relates to incidence of DVT or PE in healthy people undergoing KA. There is probably little or no difference in adverse effects (including major and minor bleeding), but data relating to these outcomes were limited by low numbers of events in the studies reporting these outcomes.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar , Tromboembolia Venosa , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Embolia Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Tromboembolia Venosa/induzido quimicamente
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