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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 802-808, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism with susceptibility to bronchial asthma and glucocorticoid (GC) efficacy in children. METHODS: A total of 173 children with bronchial asthma who were hospitalized between June 2018 and December 2020 were selected as the observation group. The children received aerosol inhalation of GC for three consecutive months. A total of 178 healthy children who underwent physical examination during the same period were selected as the control group. PCR was used to detect the genotypes of the MTHFR C677T for the two groups. The differences in genotype distribution between the two groups were analyzed. Children with different genotypes in the observation group were compared in terms of immunoglobulin E (IgE), interleukin-8 (IL-8), leukotriene B4 (LTB4), lung function, and clinical outcome before and after treatment. RESULTS: TT genotype and T allele were significantly more frequent in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.001). TT/CT genotypes and T allele were independent risk factors for bronchial asthma (OR=6.615 and 7.055 respectively; P<0.001). After GC treatment, the children with CC, CT or TT genotypes experienced significantly decreased levels of IgE, IL-8, and LTB4 and significantly increased forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEV1/FVC ratio (P<0.001). The children with TT genotype showed significantly lower levels of IL-8 and LTB4 than those with CC genotype, a significantly lower level of LTB4 than those with CT genotype, significantly higher FVC than those with CT genotype, and a significantly higher FEV1/FVC ratio than those with CC genotype (P<0.05). The children with TT genotype had better GC efficacy compared with those with CC genotype (P<0.05). TT genotype was an independent factor for good GC efficacy (OR=2.111, P=0.018). CONCLUSIONS: MTHFR gene polymorphism is associated with asthma susceptibility and GC efficacy in children. Children carrying TT/CT genotypes have a higher risk of developing asthma, and those with TT genotype are more sensitive to GC treatment.


Assuntos
Asma , Glucocorticoides , Alelos , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/genética , Criança , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Polimorfismo Genético
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445627

RESUMO

Epigenetics is a field of study investigating changes in gene expression that do not alter the DNA sequence. These changes are often influenced by environmental or social factors and are reversible. Epigenetic mechanisms include DNA methylation, histone modification, and noncoding RNA. Understanding the role of these epigenetic mechanisms in human diseases provides useful information with regard to disease severity and development. Several studies have searched for the epigenetic mechanisms that regulate allergies and asthma; however, only few studies have used samples of eosinophil, a proinflammatory cell type known to be largely recruited during allergic or asthmatic inflammation. Such studies would enable us to better understand the factors that influence the massive recruitment of eosinophils during allergic and asthmatic symptoms. In this review, we sought to summarize different studies that aimed to discover differential patterns of histone modifications, DNA methylation, and noncoding RNAs in eosinophil samples of individuals with certain diseases, with a particular focus on those with asthma or allergic diseases.


Assuntos
Asma/patologia , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Código das Histonas , Hipersensibilidade/patologia , Animais , Asma/genética , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/genética
3.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(7)2021 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356070

RESUMO

Chronic inflammatory lung diseases are characterized by uncontrolled immune response in the airways as their main pathophysiological manifestation. The lack of specific diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers for many pulmonary diseases represents a major challenge for pulmonologists. The majority of the currently approved therapeutic approaches are focused on achieving disease remission, although there is no guarantee of complete recovery. It is known that angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), an important counter-regulatory component of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), is expressed in the airways. It has been shown that ACE2 plays a role in systemic regulation of the cardiovascular and renal systems, lungs and liver by acting on blood pressure, electrolyte balance control mechanisms and inflammation. Its protective role in the lungs has also been presented, but the exact pathophysiological mechanism of action is still elusive. The aim of this study is to review and discuss recent findings about ACE2, including its potential role in the pathophysiology of chronic inflammatory lung diseases:, i.e., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, and pulmonary hypertension. Additionally, in the light of the coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19), we will discuss the role of ACE2 in the pathophysiology of this disease, mainly represented by different grades of pulmonary problems. We believe that these insights will open up new perspectives for the future use of ACE2 as a potential biomarker for early diagnosis and monitoring of chronic inflammatory lung diseases.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Asma/diagnóstico , Teste para COVID-19 , COVID-19/enzimologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Pulmão/enzimologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Asma/enzimologia , Asma/genética , COVID-19/genética , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/enzimologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/genética , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/enzimologia , Inflamação/genética , Pulmão/patologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/enzimologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina
4.
Egypt J Immunol ; 28(3): 138-144, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453785

RESUMO

Asthma is a common chronic illness among school children, where different cytokines, including IL-8 play a role in its pathogenesis. IL-8 induces chemotaxis and migration of immune cells, especially neutrophils to the site of inflammation. IL-8 level was significantly increased in sputum of severely asthmatic patients, but can it be linked to some asthma phenotypes. Our aim of the study was to detect the IL 8 gene expression in different asthma phenotypes and to determine its relation to asthma severity. This case control study included 320 subjects (160 asthmatic and 160 matched controls) aged from 5 to 16 years old in Beni-Suef governorate. IL-8 gene expression was assessed by a real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and studied regarding its level in cases versus controls and its relations to severity, phenotype and other laboratory parameters. IL-8 gene expression was statistically higher in asthmatic cases (P<0.001) and was significantly correlated to the phenotype (presence of other allergy as urticaria and drug eruption) and degree of asthma symptoms (r=0.869, P<0.001), FEV1(r=0.757, P<0.001) and serum IgE level (r=0.789, P<0.001). IL-8 gene expression level is increased with the degree of severity in asthmatic children and can be looked for in certain asthma phenotypes especially in presence of other atopic manifestation.


Assuntos
Asma , Interleucina-8 , Adolescente , Idoso , Asma/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interleucina-8/genética , Fenótipo
5.
Gene ; 804: 145896, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic airway inflammatory disease worldwide. Studies on gene expression profiles in induced sputum may provide noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for asthma. OBJECTIVE: To investigate mRNA expression of MMP12 in induced sputum and its relationship with asthma airway eosinophilic inflammation. METHODS: GSE76262 dataset was analyzed using R software, weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA), and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction. The top ten hub genes were screened with Cytoscape software (version 3.8.4). We then verified the mRNA expression of MMP12 in two other datasets (GSE137268 and GSE74075) via ROC curve estimates and our induced sputum samples using real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Finally, we explored the correlation between MMP12 with asthmatic eosinophilic-related indicators. RESULTS: We obtained the top ten hub genes, namely, CCL17, CCL2, CSF1, CCL22, CCR3, CD69, FCGR2B, CD1C, CD1E, and MMP12 via expression profile screening and validation on the GSE76262 dataset. MMP12 was selected as the candidate gene through further validation on GSE137268 and GSE74075 datasets. Finally, we demonstrated that the mRNA expression of MMP12 is significantly upregulated in induced sputum of asthmatic patients (p < 0.05) and significantly correlated with eosinophilic-related indicators (p < 0.05). These findings indicated that MMP12 can act as a diagnostic biomarker for asthma. CONCLUSION: Our study successfully identified and demonstrated that MMP12 is a potential diagnostic biomarker for asthma due to its high expression and association with eosinophilic-related indicators. The results of this study can provide novel insights into asthmatic diagnosis and therapy in the future.


Assuntos
Asma/genética , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 12 da Matriz/genética , Adulto , Asma/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Eosinófilos/imunologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 12 da Matriz/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Escarro/metabolismo
6.
Acta Biomed ; 92(3): e2021206, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of airways which accounts for a huge economic, morbidity and mortality burden. There are different cytokines that contribute to asthma pathophysiology. Learning about these cytokines leads to attaining novel anti-inflammatory treatments for asthma control. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to investigate the association between interleukin-9 serum level and gene polymorphism with asthma susceptibility. METHODS: This was a case-control study of 70 asthmatic patients and 77 healthy control adults aged 18-60. Asthma diagnosis and severity were based on physician diagnosis, pulmonary function test (PFT) and 2016 guild line of Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Interleukin 9(IL -9) serum level was measured using sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.  IL9 promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs2069882) was also assessed using Real-Time PCR System. RESULTS: There was no significant association between IL-9 SNP polymorphism and asthma. IL-9 serum level was significantly associated with asthma susceptibility (p value= 0.016) and absolute eosinophil count (AEC) (P value=0.033) however its corelation with atopic asthma type, asthma sivierity and Immunoglubin E serum level were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Although there was no association between IL-9 SNP and asthma, but IL-9 serum level was significantly correlated with asthma susceptibility and AEC.


Assuntos
Asma , Interleucina-9/sangue , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adolescente , Adulto , Asma/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Respiratória , Adulto Jovem
7.
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol ; 321(3): L533-L544, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231388

RESUMO

Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is involved in the pathogenesis of airway inflammation and remodeling in asthma. Store-operated calcium entry-associated regulatory factor (SARAF) can downregulate SOCE. We sought to investigate the role of SARAF in the regulation of airway inflammation and remodeling in asthma mice models, as well as in the functional regulation of human airway smooth muscle cells (hASMCs). Balb/c mice were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin to establish the asthma mice models. Mice were transfected with lentivirus, which expressed the SARAF gene + GFP (green fluorescence protein) or the negative control gene + GFP. Airway resistance was measured with the animal pulmonary function system. Airway inflammation and remodeling were evaluated via histological staining. In vitro cultured hASMCs were transfected with scrambled small interfering RNA (siRNA) or SARAF-specific siRNA, respectively. The proliferation, migration rate, hypertrophy, and SOCE activity of hASMCs were examined with Cell Counting Kit-8, wound healing test, bright field imaging, and Ca2+ fluorescence imaging, respectively. SARAF expression was measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Asthma mice models showed decreased SARAF mRNA expression in the lungs. SARAF overexpression attenuated airway inflammation, resistance, and also remodeling. Downregulation of SARAF expression with siRNA promoted the proliferation, migration, hypertrophy, and SOCE activity in hASMCs. SARAF plays a protective role against airway inflammation and remodeling in asthma mice models by blunting SOCE; SARAF may also be a functional regulating factor of hASMCs.


Assuntos
Remodelação das Vias Aéreas/imunologia , Asma/imunologia , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/imunologia , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas/genética , Resistência das Vias Respiratórias/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência das Vias Respiratórias/genética , Resistência das Vias Respiratórias/imunologia , Animais , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Transgênicos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia
8.
Viruses ; 13(6)2021 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198852

RESUMO

Epithelial characteristics underlying the differential susceptibility of chronic asthma to SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) and other viral infections are currently unclear. By revisiting transcriptomic data from patients with Th2 low versus Th2 high asthma, as well as mild, moderate, and severe asthmatics, we characterized the changes in expression of human coronavirus and influenza viral entry genes relative to sex, airway location, and disease endotype. We found sexual dimorphism in the expression of SARS-CoV-2-related genes ACE2, TMPRSS2, TMPRSS4, and SLC6A19. ACE2 receptor downregulation occurred specifically in females in Th2 high asthma, while proteases broadly assisting coronavirus and influenza viral entry, TMPRSS2, and TMPRSS4, were highly upregulated in both sexes. Overall, changes in SARS-CoV-2-related gene expression were specific to the Th2 high molecular endotype of asthma and different by asthma severity and airway location. The downregulation of ACE2 (COVID-19, SARS) and ANPEP (HCoV-229E) viral receptors wascorrelated with loss of club and ciliated cells in Th2 high asthma. Meanwhile, the increase in DPP4 (MERS-CoV), ST3GAL4, and ST6GAL1 (influenza) was associated with increased goblet and basal activated cells. Overall, this study elucidates sex, airway location, disease endotype, and changes in epithelial heterogeneity as potential factors underlying asthmatic susceptibility, or lack thereof, to SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Asma/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Expressão Gênica , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Asma/genética , Asma/virologia , COVID-19/genética , Coronavirus Humano 229E/genética , Coronavirus Humano 229E/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Células Epiteliais/classificação , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/genética , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/imunologia , Humanos , Influenza Humana/genética , Masculino , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/genética , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/imunologia , Orthomyxoviridae/genética , Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Caracteres Sexuais
9.
Respir Res ; 22(1): 200, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The first step in SARS-CoV-2 infection is binding of the virus to angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) on the airway epithelium. Asthma affects over 300 million people world-wide, many of whom may encounter SARS-CoV-2. Epidemiologic data suggests that asthmatics who get infected may be at increased risk of more severe disease. Our objective was to assess whether maintenance inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), a major treatment for asthma, is associated with airway ACE2 expression in asthmatics. METHODS: Large airway epithelium (LAE) of asthmatics treated with maintenance ICS (ICS+), asthmatics not treated with ICS (ICS-), and healthy controls (controls) was analyzed for expression of ACE2 and other coronavirus infection-related genes using microarrays. RESULTS: As a group, there was no difference in LAE ACE2 expression in all asthmatics vs controls. In contrast, subgroup analysis demonstrated that LAE ACE2 expression was higher in asthmatics ICS+ compared to ICS‾ and ACE2 expression was higher in male ICS+ compared to female ICS+ and ICS‾ of either sex. ACE2 expression did not correlate with serum IgE, absolute eosinophil level, or change in FEV1 in response to bronchodilators in either ICS- or ICS+. CONCLUSION: Airway ACE2 expression is increased in asthmatics on long-term treatment with ICS, an observation that should be taken into consideration when assessing the use of inhaled corticosteroids during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração por Inalação , Corticosteroides/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/enzimologia , Asma/genética , COVID-19/enzimologia , COVID-19/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Virais/genética , Mucosa Respiratória/enzimologia , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima , Internalização do Vírus , Adulto Jovem
10.
Wiad Lek ; 74(5): 1200-1203, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: The objective of the study was to analyze the frequency of Arg16Gly polymorphism in the ß2 -adrenoceptor (ß2 -АR) gene in patients with bronchial asthma (BA) and to assess the association of the polymorphism with BA risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: We examined 553 BA patients and 95 apparently healthy individuals. Arg16Gly polymorphism in the ß2 -АR gene (rs1042713) was determined using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Statistical analysis of obtained results was performed using SPSS-17 program. RESULTS: Results: It was established that distribution of Arg/Arg, Arg/Gly, and Gly/Gly genotypes for Arg16Gly polymorphism in the ß2 -АR gene was 44.2%, 40.0%, 15.8% in the control group vs. 31.3%; 45.7% and 23.0 among BA patients, respectively (χ2 = 6.59; р = 0.037). No significant difference was observed with regards to the distribution of genotypes for Arg16Gly polymorphism in the ß2 -АR gene in men and women controls (χ2 = 4.05; р = 0.13) and BA patients (χ2 = 4.34; р = 0.11). BA risk was 1.74 times higher in the minor allele carriers (Arg/Gly + Gly/Gly genotypes) for Arg16Gly polymorphism in the ß2 -АR gene. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Analysis of Arg16Gly polymorphic variants in the ß2-AR gene showed a statistically significant difference in the distribution of Arg/Arg, Arg/Gly, and Gly/Gly genotypes in patients with BA and apparently healthy individuals due to the higher frequency of Arg/Arg genotype in controls and higher frequency of Gly/Gly genotype in patients with asthma. No difference with regard to gender was found in the distribution of genotypes.


Assuntos
Asma , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2 , Alelos , Asma/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/genética
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071190

RESUMO

Asthma and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are two of the most frequent chronic diseases in children, representing a model of the atopic and autoimmune diseases respectively. These two groups of disorders are mediated by different immunological pathways, T helper (Th)1 for diabetes and Th2 for asthma. For many years, these two groups were thought to be mutually exclusive according to the Th1/Th2 paradigm. In children, the incidence of both diseases is steadily increasing worldwide. In this narrative review, we report the evidence of the potential link between asthma and T1DM in childhood. We discuss which molecular mechanisms could be involved in the link between asthma and T1DM, such as genetic predisposition, cytokine patterns, and environmental influences. Cytokine profile of children with asthma and T1DM shows an activation of both Th1 and Th2 pathways, suggesting a complex genetic-epigenetic interaction. In conclusion, in children, the potential link between asthma and T1DM needs further investigation to improve the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to these patients. The aim of this review is to invite the pediatricians to consider the potential copresence of these two disorders in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Asma/complicações , Asma/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/imunologia , Animais , Asma/genética , Criança , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade Imediata/imunologia , Incidência , Doenças Parasitárias , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067156

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membranous structures, which are secreted by almost every cell type analyzed so far. In addition to their importance for cell-cell communication under physiological conditions, EVs are also released during pathogenesis and mechanistically contribute to this process. Here we summarize their functional relevance in asthma, one of the most common chronic non-communicable diseases. Asthma is a complex persistent inflammatory disorder of the airways characterized by reversible airflow obstruction and, from a long-term perspective, airway remodeling. Overall, mechanistic studies summarized here indicate the importance of different subtypes of EVs and their variable cargoes in the functioning of the pathways underlying asthma, and show some interesting potential for the development of future therapeutic interventions. Association studies in turn demonstrate a good diagnostic potential of EVs in asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Animais , Asma/genética , Asma/microbiologia , Asma/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos
13.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(5)2021 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069972

RESUMO

Atopic diseases can impose a significant burden on children and adolescents. Telomere length is a cellular marker of aging reflecting the impact of cumulative stress exposure on individual health. Since elevated oxidative stress and inflammation burden induced by chronic atopy and snoring may impact telomere length, this study aimed to investigate whether snoring would moderate the relationship between atopic diseases and telomere length in early adolescence. We surveyed 354 adolescents and their parents. Parents reported the adolescents' history of atopic diseases, recent snoring history as well as other family sociodemographic characteristics. Buccal swab samples were also collected from the adolescents for telomere length determination. Independent and combined effects of atopic diseases and snoring on telomere length were examined. Among the surveyed adolescents, 174 were reported by parents to have atopic diseases (20 had asthma, 145 had allergic rhinitis, 53 had eczema, and 25 had food allergy). Shorter TL was found in participants with a history of snoring and atopic diseases (ß = -0.34, p = 0.002) particularly for asthma (ß = -0.21, p = 0.007) and allergic rhinitis (ß = -0.22, p = 0.023). Our findings suggest that snoring in atopic patients has important implications for accelerated telomere shortening. Proper management of atopic symptoms at an early age is important for the alleviation of long-term health consequences at the cellular level.


Assuntos
Ronco/genética , Encurtamento do Telômero/genética , Adolescente , Envelhecimento/genética , Asma/genética , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/genética
14.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 172: 503-507, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studying associations between genes and asthma endotypes and interactions with environment could help to identify new susceptibility genes. We used a previously identified asthma endotype characterized by adult-onset asthma, poor lung function, and high level of Fluorescent oxidation products, a marker of damages due to oxidative stress. This endotype was associated with high occupational exposure to irritants. We aimed to investigate the associations between genes related to oxidative stress and this endotype, and if the associations differed according to irritants exposure. METHODS: We conducted association analyses between the asthma endotype and genetic variants (4715 SNPs) located in 422 genes involved in the "response to oxidative stress" in adults from the Epidemiological study on the Genetic and Environment of Asthma. Analyses using logistic regression were conducted first in all participants, and then separately among high vs. non-exposed participants to assess whether association differs according to irritants exposure. RESULTS: An association was found between the SNP rs1419958 located in PID1 gene and the endotype (P = 2.2E-05), reaching significance level after correction for multiple testing. This association was even more significant in non-exposed participants (P = 1.06E-06) while there was no association in participants with high exposure to occupational irritants. CONCLUSION: This study showed a significant association between an asthma endotype and PID1, a promising candidate gene, the association being different according to the exposure to irritants. These results highlight the interest of studying asthma endotypes in association with genes from candidate pathways and their link with occupational irritants to decipher asthma etiology.


Assuntos
Asma , Exposição Ocupacional , Adulto , Asma/etiologia , Asma/genética , Proteínas de Transporte , Humanos , Irritantes/toxicidade , Modelos Logísticos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
15.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 258, 2021 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma is a frequently occurring respiratory disease with an increasing incidence around the world. Airway inflammation and remodeling are important contributors to the occurrence of asthma. We conducted this study aiming at exploring the effect of Histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4)-mediated Kruppel-like factor 5 (KLF5)/Slug/CXC chemokine ligand-12 (CXCL12) axis on the development of asthma in regulation of airway inflammation and remodeling. METHODS: An asthmatic rat model was induced by ovalbumin (OVA) irrigation, and determined HDAC4, KLF5, Slug, and CXCL12 expression in the lung tissues by RT-qPCR and Western blot assay. OVA was also used to induce a cell model of asthma in human BEAS-2B and HBE135-E6E7bronchial epithelial cells. The airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), and expression of inflammatory cytokines in model mice were examined using methacholine challenge test and ELISA. The biological behaviors were measured in asthma model bronchial smooth muscle cells (BSMCs) following loss- and gain- function approaches. The interactions between HDAC4, KLF5, Slug, and CXCL12 were also detected by IP assay, dual luciferase gene reporter assay, and ChIP. RESULTS: HDAC4 was upregulated in lung tissues of OVA-induced asthmatic mice, and inhibition of HDAC4 alleviated the airway inflammation and remodeling. HDAC4 increased KLF5 transcriptional activity through deacetylation; deacetylated KLF5 bound to the promoter of Slug and transcriptionally upregulated Slug expression, which in turn increased the expression of CXCL12 to promote the inflammation in bronchial epithelial cells and thus induce the proliferation and migration of BSMCs. CONCLUSION: Collectively, HDAC4 deacetylates KLF5 to upregulate Slug and CXCL12, thereby causing airway remodeling and facilitating progression of asthma.


Assuntos
Asma , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas , Animais , Asma/genética , Quimiocinas CXC , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Histona Desacetilases , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Ligantes , Pulmão , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina , Ratos , Proteínas Repressoras
16.
In Vivo ; 35(4): 2041-2046, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The molecular mechanisms underlying the association between cell cycle and asthma are poorly understood, and cyclin D1 (CCND1) is found to be upregulated in asthma airway smooth muscle. We investigated whether the most frequently examined functional variants in CCND1 determine asthma susceptibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We genotyped 651 participants for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at rs9344 and rs678653 on CCND1 and assessed the association of these SNPs with asthma risk. RESULTS: Significant differences were found in the distributions of genotypic (p=0.0064) and allelic (p=0.0021) frequencies of CCND1 rs9344. In addition, AG or GG carriers had 0.63- or 0.48-fold adjusted odds ratios for asthma risk (95%confidence intervals=0.48-0.92 and 0.22-0.78, respectively) than those who carried the AA wildtype. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that cell cycle regulation may play a role in asthma initiation and development, and the CCND1 rs9344 genotype may serve as an early detection marker for asthma.


Assuntos
Asma , Ciclina D1 , Asma/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ciclina D1/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Taiwan/epidemiologia
17.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 700, 2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103634

RESUMO

To identify candidate causal genes of asthma, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in UK Biobank on a broad asthma definition (n = 56,167 asthma cases and 352,255 controls). We then carried out functional mapping through transcriptome-wide association studies (TWAS) and Mendelian randomization in lung (n = 1,038) and blood (n = 31,684) tissues. The GWAS reveals 72 asthma-associated loci from 116 independent significant variants (PGWAS < 5.0E-8). The most significant lung TWAS gene on 17q12-q21 is GSDMB (PTWAS = 1.42E-54). Other TWAS genes include TSLP on 5q22, RERE on 1p36, CLEC16A on 16p13, and IL4R on 16p12, which all replicated in GTEx lung (n = 515). We demonstrate that the largest fold enrichment of regulatory and functional annotations among asthma-associated variants is in the blood. We map 485 blood eQTL-regulated genes associated with asthma and 50 of them are causal by Mendelian randomization. Prioritization of druggable genes reveals known (IL4R, TSLP, IL6, TNFSF4) and potentially new therapeutic targets for asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Feminino , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transcriptoma , Reino Unido
18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 220: 112408, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence suggests that PM2.5 exposure aggravates asthma, but the molecular mechanisms are not fully discovered. METHODS: Ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mice exposed to PM2.5 were constructed. Pathological staining and immunofluorescence were performed in in vivo study. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed to identify the pathway involved in asthma severity by using U-BIOPRED data (human bronchial biopsies) and RNA-seq data (Beas-2B cells treated with PM2.5). Lentiviruses transfection, Real-time qPCR, immunofluorescence staining and trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurement were performed for mechanism exploration in vitro. RESULTS: PM2.5 exposure aggravated airway inflammation and mucus secretion in OVA-induced mice. Based on transcriptome analysis of mild-to-severe asthma from human bronchial biopsies, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) showed that up-regulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) pathway gene set and down-regulated apical junction gene set correlated with asthma severity. Consistent with the analysis of mild-to-severe asthma, after PM2.5 exposure, the ROS pathway in Beas-2B cells was up-regulated with the down-regulation of apical junction. The expression levels of genes involved in the specific gene sets were validated by using qPCR. The mRNA levels of junction genes, ZO-1, E-cadherin and Occludin, were significantly decreased in cells exposed to PM2.5. Moreover, it confirmed that inhibition of ROS recovered the expression levels of E-cadherin, Occludin and ZO-1, and ameliorated inflammation and mucus secretion in airway in OVA-induced mice exposed to PM2.5. Meanwhile, ROS level was elevated by PM2.5. By checking trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER) value, we also found that epithelial barrier was damaged after PM2.5 exposure. Importantly, Stanniocalcin 2 (STC2) was identified as a key gene in regulation of epithelial barrier. It showed that STC2 expression was up-regulated by PM2.5, which was recovered by NAC as well. Over-expression of STC2 could decrease the expression levels of ZO-1, Occludin and E-cadherin. Contrarily, suppression of STC2 could increase the expression levels of ZO-1, Occludin and E-cadherin reduced by PM2.5. CONCLUSIONS: By using transcriptome analysis, we revealed that STC2 played a key role in PM2.5 aggravated airway dysfunction through regulation of epithelial barrier in OVA-induced mice.


Assuntos
Asma/induzido quimicamente , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Mucosa Respiratória/patologia , Animais , Asma/genética , Asma/metabolismo , Asma/patologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Glicoproteínas/genética , Humanos , Inflamação , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Camundongos , Ovalbumina/efeitos adversos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Respiratória/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(5)2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34045202

RESUMO

Eosinophilia in asthma or rhinitis is usually considered to be reactive to the allergic diseases. We report a 33-year-old man with asthma and rhinitis, and progressive hypereosinophilia. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis detected interstitial chromosomal deletion at 4q12 in cells of the bone marrow. The patient was diagnosed as myeloproliferative neoplasm with a FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene, and successfully treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, imatinib. Clonal expansion of eosinophils due to the FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene could underlie refractory mechanisms in patients with bronchial asthma or allergic rhinitis.


Assuntos
Asma , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica , Rinite , Adulto , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/genética , Benzamidas , Humanos , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Piperazinas , Pirimidinas , Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética , Rinite/tratamento farmacológico , Rinite/genética , Fatores de Poliadenilação e Clivagem de mRNA/genética
20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2915, 2021 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006824

RESUMO

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are widely used in various manufacturing processes. Accumulation of these chemicals has adverse effects on human health, including inflammation in multiple organs, yet how PFAS are sensed by host cells, and how tissue inflammation eventually incurs, is still unclear. Here, we show that the double-stranded DNA receptor AIM2 is able to recognize perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), a common form of PFAS, to trigger IL-1ß secretion and pyroptosis. Mechanistically, PFOS activates the AIM2 inflammasome in a process involving mitochondrial DNA release through the Ca2+-PKC-NF-κB/JNK-BAX/BAK axis. Accordingly, Aim2-/- mice have reduced PFOS-induced inflammation, as well as tissue damage in the lungs, livers, and kidneys in both their basic condition and in an asthmatic exacerbation model. Our results thus suggest a function of AIM2 in PFOS-mediated tissue inflammation, and identify AIM2 as a major pattern recognition receptor in response to the environmental organic pollutants.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/envenenamento , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Fluorcarbonetos/envenenamento , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/genética , Asma/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Poluentes Ambientais/envenenamento , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Inflamassomos/genética , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout
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