Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.303
Filtrar
2.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 517-523, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047918

RESUMO

A atenção e zelo do médico no período pré e pós-operatório é de extrema importância para a manutenção da boa relação médico/paciente. A organização e o adequado registro documental, contribui para a obtenção de um bom vínculo e assegura importante ferramenta jurídica ao médico. Hoje, com os avanços tecnológicos, o prontuário eletrônico é uma forma segura e democrática de lidar com estas informações. Nas instituições públicas o governo tem buscado implementar este sistema, mas os resultados são ainda discretos, talvez pela falta principalmente de recursos para investimento nesta área. Diante deste cenário e da grande relevância de um prontuário médico prático, informativo e dinâmico, objetivamos apresentar a nossa experiência com o uso complementar de um recurso digital sem custos. Associado ao prontuário médico de uso habitual dos serviços, descreve-se um sistema complementar, utilizando-se uma plataforma digital de armazenamento de dados na "nuvem". Por meio desse sistema é possível fornecer informações adicionais sobre cada paciente, incluindo o seguimento ambulatorial, assim como o registro fotográfico do pré, intra e pós-operatório, além de viabilizar um acesso rápido, sincronizado e remoto por meio da internet. O sistema gera economia de recursos, planejamento cirúrgico e melhora na relação médico/paciente. Favorece maior integração da equipe médica, discussão dos casos e distribuição das cirurgias por preceptor e residente. Assim, é um recurso alternativo para incrementar os prontuários médicos com dados importantes para a atuação das equipes médicas, com especial atenção às peculiaridades da cirurgia plástica.


The attention and enthusiasm of doctors in the pre- and postoperative period is of extreme importance in maintaining good doctor/patient relationships. An adequate organization and documentary record contributes to achieving a good relationship and ensures an important legal tool for physicians. With current technological advances, the electronic medical record is a secure and democratic way to deal with this information. The government has sought to implement this system in public institutions; however, results are still modest, perhaps mainly due to the lack of resources for investment in this area. In light of this, and given the relevance of practical, informative, and dynamic medical records, we aim to present our experience with the use of a complementary digital resource that is commonly associated with medical records and uses a free of cost digital platform for storing data in the "cloud". This system can provide additional information about each patient, including outpatient follow-up, as well as photographic records of the pre-, intra-, and post-operative periods, and also facilitates quick, synchronized, and remote access through the internet. The system generates optimization of resources, surgical planning, and improvement in patient/ doctor relationships. It also leads to greater integration of the medical team, particularly in the discussion of cases and distribution of surgeries by preceptors and residents. Thus, it is an alternative resource to improve medical charts with important data regarding the performance of medical teams, paying special attention to the peculiarities of plastic surgery.


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XXI , Cirurgia Plástica , Administração de Serviços de Saúde , Registros Médicos , Inovação , Assistência ao Paciente , Cirurgia Plástica/organização & administração , Administração de Serviços de Saúde/normas , Registros Médicos/normas , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas
3.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(12): 1118-1123, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874526

RESUMO

As the rapid development of minimally invasive techniques, anesthesia, and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), anorectal day surgery receiving more and more attention by improving efficiency of medical care while reducing cost and hospitalized infection. However, day surgery also faces the challenge of completing the whole process from patient admission to discharge within 24 hours. Therefore, establishing a reasonable and detailed day surgery process is the cornerstone to guarantee safe medical practice and patients satisfaction. National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders (Xiangya), together with China Ambulatory Surgery Alliance formulates the clinical practice guideline for anorectal day surgery 2019 edition. Here we make some interpretations of the guidelines on the detailed process of anorectal day surgery, including indication, preoperative examination, preoperative risk evaluation, health education, assessment of day surgery anesthesia and before leaving postanesthesia care unit (PACU), postoperative management, assessment of discharge and follow-up, for the convenience of various medical centers.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/normas , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Protectomia/normas , Idoso , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Humanos , Reto/cirurgia
5.
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes ; 147-148: 67-72, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to elucidate whether measures of quality management and digitization have the potential to reduce treatment risks in patients of a surgical clinic. METHODS: All health professional involved in the treatment of patients were asked to participate in a systematic, process-orientated and anonymous survey to assess the probability of occurrence of 69 treatment risks in stationary patients. The surveys were conducted in 2006 before establishing quality management (QM) and digitization, and recently after various certification activities have been performed and the digitization has been completed. RESULTS: According to the survey respondents, QM measures and digitization have led to a significant reduction of the probability of occurrence of 20 treatment risks, although the number of surgeries performed rose 1.8-fold while the number of employees increased by just 1.2-fold to 1.4-fold. The risk reduction was most pronounced regarding mistaken patient identity errors, while complex process risks like insufficient postoperative aftercare or patient dissatisfaction with ineffective communication remained unchanged. DISCUSSION: An increase in process risks that may be due to an increased workload can be mitigated by QM and digitization measures. This requires a quality and risk management system that is organized by the administration, supported by responsible and risk-aware employees and not imposed. CONCLUSION: Health professionals estimate that digitization and QM measures have the potential to reduce patients' treatment risks and help offset the increased workload. In particular, accreditations can help implement and maintain quality management measures.


Assuntos
Acreditação , Tecnologia da Informação , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Gestão de Riscos , Certificação , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Alemanha , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente
6.
BMC Womens Health ; 19(1): 112, 2019 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internationally, women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) lack knowledge about their disease, which limits their ability to take responsibility for self-care and creates negative psychosocial effects, including marital problems. Normally, screening is performed in primary care, and in case of abnormal results, the patient is referred to specialized care for follow-up and treatment. Given the lack of international literature regarding patients' experiences in primary and specialized healthcare, our study aims to: (a) investigate how women with CIN perceive the communication and management of information by healthcare providers at different moments of their healthcare and (b) identify these women's informational needs. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory study was carried out in a gynecology unit of a public hospital of the Galician Health Care Service (Spain). Participants were selected through purposive sampling. The sample consisted of 21 women aged 21 to 52 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of CIN. Semistructured interviews were recorded and transcribed. A thematic analysis was carried out, including triangulation of researchers for analysis verification. RESULTS: Two analytical themes were identified. The first was communication gaps in the diagnosis and management of information in primary and specialized healthcare. These gaps occurred in the following moments of the healthcare process: (a) cervical cancer screening in primary care, (b) waiting time until referral to specialized care, (c) first consultation in specialized care, and (d) after consultation in specialized care. The second theme was participants' unmatched informational needs. The doubts and informational needs of women during their healthcare process related to the following subthemes: (a) HPV transmission, (b) HPV infection symptoms and consequences, and (c) CIN treatment and follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that women who have a diagnosis of CIN experience important healthcare informational challenges when accessing primary and specialized care that have several implications for their wellbeing. The information given is limited, which makes it difficult for women to understand and participate in the decision making regarding the prevention and treatment of CIN. Service coordination among different levels of care and the availability of educational materials at any given time would improve the patients' healthcare experience.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Assistência ao Paciente , Navegação de Pacientes/organização & administração , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/psicologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Competência em Informação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espanha , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/psicologia
7.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 25: 1076029619864663, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402687

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) represents a major health-care problem. Understanding patient satisfaction with VTE care is an important health-care goal. A national online survey was administered to adults who had experienced a recent VTE event. The survey assessed patient satisfaction by: (1) satisfaction with VTE care provider; (2) likelihood to recommend VTE provider; and (3) satisfaction with communication between VTE care providers. Each question was correlated with patient demographics, patient care harms (ie, misdiagnosis, wrong treatment), patient beliefs concerning outcomes, and type of anticoagulant therapy. Respondents (907) were 52.4 ± 14.4 years, predominantly Caucasian, mostly women, and generally had health insurance. Most respondents were satisfied with VTE care providers, likely to recommend their VTE provider, and satisfied with communication between providers. Dissatisfaction was strongly associated with treatment mistakes, a wrong diagnosis or treatment, or delayed treatment. A national sample of VTE patients were generally satisfied with VTE care experiences. The VTE care dissatisfaction was strongly associated with perceived mistakes in VTE care. Interventions aimed at reducing, acknowledging, and communicating errors could be studied to improve VTE care satisfaction.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Satisfação do Paciente , Tromboembolia Venosa/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Erros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
J Infus Nurs ; 42(5): 228-236, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464830

RESUMO

Nursing practice and institutional policies regarding short peripheral catheter (SPC) flushing vary. These variations result in a lack of understanding about the factors that influence nurses' SPC flushing practices and leave their effect on outcomes unexplored-information that could potentially enhance nurses' clinical education, institutional policy efforts, and patient care. Using a mixed-methods design, this study examined SPC flushing practices and outcomes among a cohort of medical-surgical nurses and explored their rationale for flushing. Trends were noted in the timing of flushes, and the factors that influenced nurses' SPC flushing practices included patient acuity, experience, and workload.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico/enfermagem , Educação em Enfermagem , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/normas , Competência Clínica/normas , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica , Gravidade do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Int J Equity Health ; 18(1): 105, 2019 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to identify the types of care and care resources available to older Korean adults with disabilities, and document the inequality in care received according to gender, marital status, and socioeconomic status. METHOD: Data were derived from the sixth wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing. The sample consisted of 946 men and women who were disabled in ADL and IADL. Generalized linear models and analyses of covariance were used to evaluate group differences in types of care received and care resources. The outcome variables were main primary caregivers, the total number of available caregivers, hours of care received per day, number of days of care, and fees paid to caregivers. RESULTS: In total, 41.7% of men with ADL/IADL disabilities reported that they did not receive formal or informal care from any source, compared with 30.7% of women. Almost half (49.2%) of men without a spouse were in a state of care deficit (vs. 30.8% in women without a spouse, P < 0.001). Among care recipients, men reported receiving higher average days of care per month than women (25.6 vs. 21.2 days, P < 0.01). Both men and women received care primarily from their spouse, but adult children were more frequently care providers for older women than men. A combination of care from spouse and paid caregiver was more frequent among women. Dependent older people with high household incomes had a higher likelihood of receiving care There was the clear gradient in rate of paid formal caregivers use by household income (higher income = higher use) among women but not men. CONCLUSIONS: Care types and resources among disabled older adults appeared to be different by gender, marital status and socioeconomic status under the cultural phenomenon and contextual circumstances in the aging Korean population.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos , República da Coreia , Fatores Sexuais , Classe Social
10.
Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book ; 39: e212-e218, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099651

RESUMO

Emerging modalities of communication have transformed the landscape of information dissemination particularly in the context of health care. Within oncology, stakeholders in all roles have formed both role-specific and multidisciplinary communities within the modalities of social media. Two platforms with particularly high adoption and penetration within oncologic practice for clinicians and general oncologic care as well as for patients and the community have been Facebook and Twitter. On both platforms, patients have come together to form disease-specific (or even mutation-specific) groups ripe with discussion on all aspects of their cancer, including disease and treatment symptoms, novel therapeutics, and clinical trial participation. Similarly, clinicians have united within professional communities to facilitate collaboration and community building in this rapidly changing medical practice landscape. Here, we investigate the current state of stakeholder engagement within social media and review strategies and platforms to maximize the impact of social media for patients and clinicians.


Assuntos
Oncologia , Assistência ao Paciente , Mídias Sociais , Cuidadores , Comunicação , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Oncologia/métodos , Oncologia/normas , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Prática Associada , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Participação do Paciente , Relações Médico-Paciente , Estados Unidos
11.
Maturitas ; 124: 39-42, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We previously conducted an audit of the care provided for survivors of sexual violence seen at our emergency department and observed that 90% of them did not receive optimal care. This study analysed whether the implementation of a new protocol and educational sessions for staff increased the proportion of such patients who received optimal medical care. METHODS: A computerized chart detailing a new care protocol was developed specifically for rape survivors. Educational sessions focusing on the use of the new protocol were organized for healthcare providers. We then conducted another audit that reviewed retrospectively the charts of all survivors of sexual violence who were cared for at a public university hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Optimal medical care was defined as including systematic investigations for sexually transmitted diseases, and the provision of prophylactic antibiotics, a pregnancy test, emergency contraception, and psychological and medical follow-up. RESULTS: We analysed the charts of 362 survivors of sexual violence and observed that all of the required procedures were completed for 337 patients (93%) and the required preventive measures were provided to 325 patients (90%). CONCLUSION: After the implementation of the new protocol and educational sessions, the proportion of survivors who received optimal medical care increased from 10% to 90%. Nevertheless, optimal management also implies social, psychological and legal support. We hope that the establishment of specialist sexual assault centres will further improve management.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Estupro , Sobreviventes , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos Clínicos , Anticoncepção Pós-Coito , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Testes de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
12.
Malawi Med J ; 31(1): 31-38, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31143394

RESUMO

Background: Heart disease is one of the leading chronic conditions posing a major and growing threat to the public. Studies on quality of care given to patients with heart diseases in Nigeria are not available. The purpose of this study was to explore healthcare professionals' perception of quality of care of patients with heart disease at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Methods: A mixed method design was utilized in this study. Twenty eight healthcare professionals consisting of cardiologists, nurses, physiotherapists and dieticians were recruited into the study through purposive sampling technique. A questionnaire developed and validated from existing questionnaire was used to survey the health care professionals' perception of care and qualitative design was further used to explore their perceptions of care. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of percentages and graphs. The qualitative data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Quality of care was assessed through structure, process and outcome of care indices. Results: The mean age of the healthcare professionals was 38.46±8.988 years. 19 (66.7%) reported that there were treatment guidelines for cardiac disease management but there was no system for internal quality assurance. 18 (95%) out of these 19 healthcare professionals reported that the treatment guidelines were either never applied or not applied regularly during treatment. Other areas that were perceived as poor were poor teamwork, poor staff strength, inadequate equipment, and inadequate consultation with staff during procurement of medical supplies. Conclusion: Quality of care for cardiac patients in a Nigerian tertiary hospital was perceived as sub-optimal. There is a need for the improvement of the structure and process of quality of care to enhance quality of care for cardiac patients in Nigeria.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Adulto , Educação Profissionalizante , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Percepção , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Pesquisa Qualitativa
13.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 48(2): 331-335, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102160

RESUMO

The concept of a pulmonary embolism response team (PERT) is multidisciplinary, with the hope that it may positively impact patient care, hospital efficiency, and outcomes in the treatment of patients with intermediate and high risk pulmonary embolism (PE). Clinical characteristics of a baseline population of patients presenting with submassive and massive PE to URMC between 2014 and 2016 were examined (n = 159). We compared this baseline population before implementation of a PERT to a similar population of patients at 3-month periods, and then as a group at 18 months after PERT implementation (n = 146). Outcomes include management strategies and efficiency of the emergency department (ED) in diagnosing, treating, and dispositioning patients. Before PERT, patients with submassive and massive PE were managed fairly conservatively: heparin alone (85%), or additional advanced therapies (15%). Following PERT, submassive and massive PE were managed as follows: heparin alone (68%), or additional advanced therapies (32%). Efficiency of the ED in managing high risk PE significantly improved after PERT compared with before PERT; where triage to diagnosis time was reduced (384 vs. 212 min, 45% decrease, p = 0.0001), diagnosis to heparin time was reduced (182 vs. 76 min, 58% decrease, p = 0.0001), and the time from triage to disposition was reduced (392 vs. 290 min, 26% decrease, p < 0.0001). Our analysis showed that following PERT implementation, patients with intermediate and high risk acute PE received more aggressive and advanced treatment modalities and received significantly expedited care in the ED.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , Humanos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Tempo para o Tratamento
14.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215071, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30978230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We explored the relationship between family members and healthcare professionals (HCPs), specifically how family members can influence the course and outcome of patient care for youth. Exploring this under-researched area provided an opportunity to understand the tripartite relationship between the family, the youth experiencing mental health problems or substance use concerns and their HCP. METHODS: A qualitative research design was used to gain a full understanding of how family members experience relationships with HCPs. We interviewed 21 family members using semi-structure questions to explore the type of relationships formed between HCPs and family members throughout a patient's course of care, the family member's perceived role in the care of their youth accessing mental health or addiction services and the family member's awareness of formalized structures (i.e., hospital rules, policies) and resources that support family involvement. RESULTS: Within a relationship-centred framework, four themes, with various sub-themes emerged from the interviews: 1) The family member-HCP relationship regarding creating a positive impression, being an extension of the patient and the discovery of "pink flags"; 2) The family member-youth-HCP relationship regarding the receptivity of youth to family involvement and a youth's individual right to privacy; 3)The family member's relationship to self with regard to the situation being a family illness; and 4) The family member's relationship with friends, family and peers regarding the feelings of loneliness, stigma and shame and the lack of understanding about mental health problems and substance use. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provided in-depth information about the importance of family involvement in the care and health outcomes of youth who are accessing mental health and addiction services. Family members experienced and conceptualized their relationships with HCPs, their youth, themselves and their friends and peers as active interactions that influenced the course and outcomes of care. Future studies are needed to collect the multiple perspectives of youth and HCPs alongside with the family perspectives.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Cooperativo , Família/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/prevenção & controle , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Relações Profissional-Família , Adolescente , Adulto , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
17.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 41(3): 667-671, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953272

RESUMO

Background Emergency medicine (EM) pharmacists are increasingly recognized as integral team members in the care of emergency department (ED) patients but there is variability in the scope of direct patient care services. Objectives The primary objective was to categorize direct patient care activities and drug therapy recommendations. The secondary objectives were to categorize recommendations based on drug class and to determine the proportion of recommendations associated with Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) high-alert medications. Methods This retrospective, single-center, chart review was conducted in an academic ED with 65,000 annual visits. EM pharmacists documented direct patient care activities in the electronic health record. Documented activities from 1/1/2015 through 3/31/2015 were abstracted electronically for analysis by a trained reviewer. Results There were 3567 interventions and direct patient care activities documented. The most common activities were facilitation of medication histories (n = 1300) and drug therapy recommendations (n = 1165). Of 1165 drug therapy recommendations, 986 were linked to a drug class such as antimicrobial agents (31.9%), cardiovascular agents (16.6%), and analgesic agents (13.2%) and 20% of these interventions were associated with ISMP high-alert medications. Conclusion EM pharmacists documented several types of direct patient care activities with the majority being drug therapy recommendations and medication histories.


Assuntos
Medicina de Emergência/métodos , Erros de Medicação/prevenção & controle , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Farmacêuticos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/métodos , Papel Profissional , Medicina de Emergência/normas , Humanos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Farmacêuticos/normas , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
J Card Surg ; 34(5): 274-278, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections after cardiac surgery are associated with severe outcomes, including reoperation and death. We aimed to describe the effect of a standardized clinical-care protocol for preventing mediastinitis in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: In a hospital certified by Joint Commission International, all patients who underwent CABG from January 2011 to December 2016 were compared in two periods according to the moment of implementation of a standardized clinical-care protocol for prevention of mediastinitis (CCPPM): pre-protocol (January 2011-December 2012) and post-protocol (January 2013-December 2016). The CCPPM consisted of the patient using a kit containing chlorhexidine 2% for bathing, mupirocin 20 mg/g for nasal topical use and chlorhexidine 0.12% for oral hygiene for 5 days before surgery, in addition to prophylaxis with a glycopeptide antimicrobial and strict glucose control (110-140 mg/dL) during surgery and immediate postoperative. RESULTS: We evaluated 1760 patients who underwent CABG in both periods. The occurrence of mediastinitis before protocol implementation was 1.44% (10 of 692 CABG). After the implementation of the protocol, there was an important reduction in the incidence of mediastinitis to 0.09% (1 of 1068 CABG) (P = 0.002). Although we did not observe a significant difference in mortality between the groups (2.3% vs 1%, P = 0.77), there was fewer in-hospital mortality due to mediastinitis after the CCPPM (0.2% vs 0%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Implementation of a standardized CCPPM was associated with a significant reduction in the incidence of mediastinitis after CABG and reduction of mortality in the group of patients with mediastinitis.


Assuntos
Clorexidina/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Hospitais Privados , Mediastinite/prevenção & controle , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Administração Tópica , Idoso , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Banhos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Mediastinite/epidemiologia , Mediastinite/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mupirocina/administração & dosagem , Higiene Bucal , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
19.
J Athl Train ; 54(3): 237-244, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30870008

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Athletic trainers (ATs) must be equipped with evidence to inform their clinical practice. A systematic, inclusive, and continuous process for exploring research priorities is vital to the success of ATs and, more importantly, their patients' positive outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To identify research priorities and unify research with clinical practice to improve patient care and advance the profession. DESIGN: Mixed-methods study. SETTING: Focus groups and a Web-based survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 87 ATs (43 men [49.4%], 44 women [50.6%]; age = 40 ± 11 years; experience = 18 ± 11 years) participated in focus groups. Of the 49 332 e-mails sent, 580 were undeliverable, 5131 ATs started the survey (access rate = 10.5%), and 4514 agreed to participate (response rate = 9.3%). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Our study consisted of 6 focus-group sessions, a content-expert review, and a Web-based survey. Themes from the focus groups were used to develop the research priorities and survey instrument. We used the 25-item validated survey to determine whether the research priorities and findings of the focus groups were generalizable. Endorsement of research priorities and recommendations was achieved when respondents indicated they agreed or strongly agreed. RESULTS: Respondents endorsed 5 research priorities: health care competency (n = 4438/4493, 98.8%), vitality of the profession (n = 4319/4455, 96.9%), health professions education (n = 3966/4419, 89.8%), health care economics (n = 4246/4425, 96.0%), and health information technology (n = 3893/4438, 87.7%). We also made the following recommendations: (1) develop funding initiatives that align with the agenda, (2) develop postdoctoral fellowships focused on clinical research, (3) facilitate collaborative relationships between clinicians and researchers, and (4) make research evidence more readily available and more applicable. CONCLUSIONS: Using a systematic and inclusive process, we developed a prioritized research agenda for the athletic training profession. The agenda was endorsed by the leaders of each Strategic Alliance organization and adopted as the Athletic Training Research Agenda.


Assuntos
Educação Física e Treinamento/organização & administração , Esportes/educação , Adulto , Comitês Consultivos , Financiamento de Capital , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Competência Profissional , Pesquisa , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Semin Nucl Med ; 49(2): 145-152, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819394

RESUMO

Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are systematically-developed statements aimed to assist decision-making relevant to the clinical encounter, to inform clinical policy, and to strengthen health care systems. The development of a CPG begins with the identification of a problem for which evidence-informed guidance is required. Interdisciplinary panels work to craft - and then execute - a protocol that will serve as a blueprint for the development process. It includes the scope of the project; who is involved and how they will function; the specific systematic review and consensus methods that will be used to ensure quality recommendations and to mitigate bias. CPGs should undergo a formal review of relevant stakeholders and results of this review, actions taken by the panel, and the final recommendations should be documented in the final CPG report. Dissemination activities, including the use of social media platforms, and more purposefully designed implementation activities are required to optimize the adoption of recommendations. Methods to keep recommendations current are required to ensure on-going validity and credibility of the recommendations. Two tools, AGREE II, and the AGREE REX, provide quality criteria related to the whole CPG development process and the CPG recommendations, respectively. The AGREE II is comprised of 23 items within 6 CPG quality domains: scope and purpose, stakeholder involvement, rigor, clarity of presentation, applicability, and editorial independence. The AGREE REX is comprised of 9 items within 3 CPG Recommendation quality domains: clinical applicability, values and preferences, and implementability. CPGs are important tools to an overall quality agenda.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/métodos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA