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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35886311

RESUMO

Nationwide, public libraries are experiencing an increase in "on-premise" opioid overdoses and other issues (e.g., suicide attempts) affecting unstably housed library users. The public library presents a unique opportunity to access an otherwise hidden population. In partnership with the San Diego Central Library, researchers led focus groups, in-depth interviews, and surveys with 63 library patrons experiencing homelessness or housing instability (n = 49) and library staff (n = 14) (January-June 2019). Using a consensus organizing framework and mixed methods approach, the researchers conducted in-depth interviews exploring the library's strengths and opportunities for patrons experiencing homelessness, the barriers to meeting their aspirations, and whether having a social worker at the library or other policy changes in government or the library could help. Specifically, participants answered inquiries about the opportunities for the library to address substance use and human trafficking. In brief surveys, library patrons and staff provided views on the patrons' educational needs, library staff's training needs, and changes needed in government or library policies. Results revealed the desire of the library patrons (69%) and staff (93%) to have a library social worker who could link patrons to housing services, substance use harm reduction or treatment, and address food-insecure youth/families and human trafficking/sexual exploitation. Participants also valued peer advocates with lived homelessness experiences. Over 70% of the unstably housed patrons said they would like library patrons to participate in peer leadership training. Other significant themes were the need for crisis prevention and intervention, connecting patrons to resources and each other, and creating consistent assistance. Libraries urgently need more on-premise support to address patrons' pressing housing, health, and mental health needs.


Assuntos
Pessoas em Situação de Rua , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adolescente , Pessoas em Situação de Rua/psicologia , Habitação , Humanos , Problemas Sociais , Assistentes Sociais , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35886520

RESUMO

Human rights sensitivity (HRS) is essential for social workers advocating for and providing services to people with mental illness. In this study, the authors employed vignettes of two chronic mental illnesses-schizophrenia and alcoholism-to analyze the moderating effect of HRS on association between empathy and working relationship by hierarchical regression analysis. In total 245 social workers in mental health (M age = 36.44, SD = 6.61, male 22.0%, female 78.0%) participated in the study. Differences were found in empathy levels and working relationships in schizophrenia and alcoholism vignettes. Levels of empathy, intrinsic helping and emotional support (behavioral dimension), client respect, and emotional relatedness as well as respect and acceptance in working relationships were significantly higher for schizophrenia than for the alcoholism vignette. Further, empathy and HRS significantly predicted the quality of working relationships in schizophrenia and alcoholism vignettes. Levels for positive work relationships increased with empathy and HRS. The effects of empathy on working relationship were augmented among social workers with a high level of HRS only in the vignette of schizophrenia. Based on these results, the authors emphasize the importance of HRS and propose strategies to enhance it.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Esquizofrenia , Adulto , Alcoolismo/psicologia , Empatia , Feminino , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Assistentes Sociais
4.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 23(7): 2271-2277, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35901331

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined the perception and practice of cervical cancer screening among women in Enugu State, Nigeria. METHODS: We employed mixed methods and conveniently sampled women aged >15 years. The quantitative data were subjected to chi-square and regression analysis while the qualitative data were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: The study findings show that over 57% of the respondents have a positive perception of cervical cancer screening while over 80% revealed that they practice cervical cancer screening. Factors such as education, income, and residence are significant in predicting the practice of cervical cancer screening. CONCLUSION: Therefore, social work strategies to leverage these modifiable predictors in facilitating cervical screening uptake are recommended.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Nigéria , Percepção , Assistentes Sociais , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle
5.
Int J Law Psychiatry ; 83: 101818, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35834871

RESUMO

The Mental Health Act as amended 2007 democratised who could qualify for the Approved Mental Health Professional (AMHP) role to include not only social workers, but psychologists, occupational therapists, and nurses. The amendments raised questions on how to appropriately train AMHPs from the professional groups without social work education to have adequate skills and decision-making capacity when considering the use of compulsory powers. Essential to the AMHP role is the obligation to 'bear in mind the social perspective', which incorporates the social dimensions to a persons mental health presentation and is considered a safeguard against the erroneous detention of service users. However, despite claims to further professionalise AMHPs there has been a difficulty defining what AMHP expertise is. This paper draws upon 'theories of professionalisation' to argue that the genericism movement and the adoption of New Public Management has limited the professionalisation of AMHPs and therefore adequate implementation of 'the social perspective'.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Assistentes Sociais/psicologia
6.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol Nurs ; 39(4): 221-230, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35791852

RESUMO

Background: Neurocognitive deficits from childhood cancer treatment are common, long-standing, and negatively impact multiple domains of life leading to challenges with schooling and education. The purpose of this study is to describe caregiver-reported experiences of neurocognitive effects from therapy and to understand the roles clinicians play in this domain in the United States. Methods: An explanatory mixed-methods study of 174 caregivers of children with cancer provided insight into how clinicians provided information on neurocognitive effects of treatment and their experiences with school-related resources. Clinicians provided descriptions of how they provide this information and assist families with accessing services or transition back to school after therapy. Results: Caregivers identified that physicians, nurses, and social workers primarily provide information regarding neurocognitive effects of treatment. Over half (55.9%) of families seek additional information elsewhere and 49.4% report doing so because the information they received from their team was inadequate. Nearly 40% of caregivers report accessing school supports feels like a constant fight and over 40% were not offered homebound educational services by their school. Qualitative interviews with providers found that clinicians focus on therapy-related physical symptoms of treatment and only discuss neurocognitive effects when prompted by families or when children are returning to school. Discussion: Clinicians' focus on physical symptoms and just-in-time thinking when it comes to providing education or school-related services may explain why families endorse infrequent education on the topic and challenges with school reintegration. Improved education for clinicians on this topic, integration of interdisciplinary teams, and new clinical practice models may improve the family experience.


Assuntos
Escolaridade , Neoplasias , Instituições Acadêmicas , Criança , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Médicos , Assistentes Sociais
8.
BMJ Open ; 12(7): e058523, 2022 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical assistance in dying (MAiD) traverses challenging and emotionally overwhelming territories: healthcare providers (HCPs) across jurisdictions experience myriad of affective responses secondary to possible tensions between normative and interwoven values, such as sanctity of life, dignity in death and dying and duty to care. OBJECTIVE: To determine the emotional impact on HCPs involved in MAiD. METHODS: Inclusion restricted to English language qualitative research studies from four databases (OVID Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL and Scopus), from beginning until 30 April 2021, and grey literature up to August 2021 were searched. Key author, citation and reference searches were undertaken. We excluded studies without rigorous qualitative research methodology. Included studies were critically appraised using the Joanna Briggs Institute's critical appraisal tool. Analysis was conducted using thematic meta-synthesis. The cumulative evidence was assessed for confidence using the Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative Research approach. RESULTS: The search identified 4522 papers. Data from 35 studies (393 physicians, 169 nurses, 53 social workers, 22 allied healthcare professionals) employing diverse qualitative research methodologies from five countries were coded and analysed. The thematic meta-synthesis showed three descriptive emotional themes: (1) polarised emotions including moral distress (n=153), (2) reflective emotions with MAiD as a 'sense-making process' (n=251), and (3) professional value-driven emotions (n=352). DISCUSSION: This research attempts to answer the question, 'what it means at an emotional level', for a MAiD practitioner. Legislation allowing MAiD for terminal illness only influences the emotional impact: MAiD practitioners under this essential criterion experience more polarised emotions, whereas those practising in jurisdictions with greater emphasis on allaying intolerable suffering experience more reflective emotions. MAiD practitioner's professional values and their degree of engagement influence the emotional impact, which may help structure future support networks. English language literature restriction and absence of subgroup analyses limit the generalisability of results.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Suicídio Assistido , Emoções , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Assistência Médica , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Assistentes Sociais
9.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 30(3): 43-45, 18-jul-2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1379488

RESUMO

Las intervenciones profesionales de los trabajadores sociales y los bibliotecarios durante la pandemia por COVID-19 convergieron en el empleo de las tecnologías de la información para satisfacer necesidades de información tanto de personal médico como de los pacientes y sus familias. La colaboración de estos dos profesionales reforzaría significativamente el equipo multidisciplinario de la salud a partir de la mejora de los canales de flujo de información que se llevan a cabo en el ámbito hospitalario, el fomento a la atención humanizada en salud y las acciones de inclusión social en las bibliotecas para brindar mayores y mejores oportunidades, así como recursos a población vulnerable.


The professional interventions of social workers and librarians during the COVID-19 pandemic converged in the use of information technologies to meet the information needs of both medical personnel and patients and their families. The collaboration of these two professionals would significantly strengthen the multidisciplinary health team by improving the information flow channels that are carried out in the hospital, promoting humanized health care and carrying out social inclusion actions in libraries to provide greater and better opportunities and resources for the vulnerable population.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Serviço Social/tendências , Bibliotecários , Atenção à Saúde/tendências , Tecnologia da Informação , Assistentes Sociais , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Categorias de Trabalhadores , Populações Vulneráveis , Inclusão Social , Hospitais , Bibliotecas/tendências , Biblioteconomia/métodos
10.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 41(7): 947-954, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35759701

RESUMO

Managing patients with type 2 diabetes takes time. Clinicians in primary care, where most diabetes visits take place, lack that time. Planned visits by diabetes care managers-nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and other team members-assist clinicians and are associated with improved glycemic control. Particularly effective is care management featuring nurses or pharmacists adjusting medications without prior physician approval. Care management programs need to pay close attention to inequities in diabetes care and outcomes. The widespread implementation of diabetes care management in primary care faces several barriers: lack of an adequate, diverse, trained care manager workforce; regulations limiting care managers' scope of practice; and financial models not supportive of care management. Wide-ranging policies are needed to address these barriers. In particular, payment reform is needed to stimulate the spread of diabetes care management: adding fee-for-service codes that adequately pay care managers for their work, adopting shared savings models that channel savings back to primary care, and increasing the percentage of health care spending dedicated to primary care. In this article we explore key questions around type 2 diabetes care management, review the published evidence, examine the barriers to its wider use, and describe policy solutions.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Farmacêuticos , Atenção à Saúde , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Planos de Pagamento por Serviço Prestado , Humanos , Assistentes Sociais
11.
Soc Work Health Care ; 61(3): 169-183, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652442

RESUMO

This qualitative study compares perspectives of nurses (n = 5) and social workers (n = 12) about their role in caring for patients with dementia with behavioral and psychological problems in an acute care setting. A thematic qualitative analysis was conducted using the Rigorous and Accelerated Data Reduction Technique (RADaR). Three themes emerged: engagement of the patient and coordination with family and professionals, treatment and medical management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in the hospital, and barriers to care. Barriers to care are identified by both professions, with each having its own care niche. Social workers and nurses work as a team with the understanding that they face care challenges. Person centered care is a successful approach for the care team working with patients with BPSD.


Assuntos
Demência , Assistentes Sociais , Demência/terapia , Hospitais , Humanos , Assistência ao Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa
12.
Front Public Health ; 10: 908800, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35719635

RESUMO

Background: Since the 2000s, local governments have contracted out more and more social services to social work organizations in China. Social workers are thus experiencing the inconsistency between local governments' and clients' demands and the deviation from the professional duty of helping clients, which may result in conflicting and unclear roles in their jobs and further lead to burnout. Based on the Role Stress-burnout Model and the previous theoretical and field-work investigations, this study examined the effects of the government-client work interaction frequency gap on social workers' burnout as well as the mediating effects of role ambiguity and conflict and the moderating effects of the non-front-line work. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 2,643 front-line social workers and 2,599 supervisors or managers from 56 major cities all over China was conducted. Work burnout was measured by the 22-item three-dimension Maslach's Burnout Inventory Scale. Rizzo et al.'s 14-item scale measured role conflict and ambiguity. The government-client working interaction frequency gap was measured by the difference between the five-point level of work interaction frequency with governments minus the one with clients. Structural equation modeling was adopted to test the mediation and moderation models. Results: Results showed that for the front-line social workers, besides directly reducing personal accomplishment, the government-client work interaction frequency gap could indirectly neutralize its alleviating effects on emotional exhaustion (Mediating effect ratio = -63.64 %), make its total effects on depersonalization significant (37.03%), and reduce personal accomplishment further (23.08%) through increasing social workers' feeling of role conflict. However, the above mediating effects of role conflict were not significant for social workers with extra management or supervision workload, revealing the moderating effects of non-front-line work. Conclusions: This study revealed that front-line social workers in China who had more work interaction with governments and less with clients could have higher role conflict, increasing their burnout further. Therefore, social work educational programs should include adequate mental adjustment courses and practical emplacement to prepare students for the potential role conflict. Furthermore, higher-level governments should issue relevant regulations to form a collaborative rather than an employment relationship between local governments and social worker organizations.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Assistentes Sociais , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico , China , Estudos Transversais , Governo , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Health Soc Work ; 47(3): 205-214, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35708647

RESUMO

Leadership skills are a critical component of effective social work practice in interdisciplinary healthcare and mental healthcare settings. Over the last two decades there has been increased attention to the importance of social work leadership skills for clinical practice. Moreover, social workers display essential leadership skills when supporting individuals and communities amid large-scale crises such as pandemics, natural disasters, wars, and other sociopolitical crises. Currently, there is an absence of literature on social work leadership skills for effective practice in healthcare and mental healthcare settings during times of crisis. To bridge this knowledge gap, this scoping review aimed to synthesize and map the current literature on social work leadership competencies in healthcare and mental healthcare amid crises. Arksey and O'Malley's five-stage framework for scoping reviews guided this project. Six academic databases were searched, and a total of nine articles met inclusion criteria. A thematic analysis was conducted to identify recurrent themes among these articles. Results highlight that leadership was defined as both a role and a skill set, and identified collaboration, connection, and shared learning as key leadership competencies for social workers. Implications for social work practice, education, and research are discussed.


Assuntos
Liderança , Serviço Social , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Assistentes Sociais
14.
Front Public Health ; 10: 811974, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35669746

RESUMO

Introduction: In Sweden, often seen as one of the most egalitarian countries, the COVID-19 pandemic exposed high levels of health inequality, especially harming people with a refugee background. This is also despite Sweden's image as a refugee-friendly country. In this context, the aim of this paper is to better understand how Swedish health- and social workers have reacted to the health- and social needs of refugees during the pandemic. The Swedish case is particularly interesting because, as seen in the paper, health- and social workers had the task of communicating health guidance to refugees who were sometimes more reliant on information from abroad where the consensus on COVID-19 restrictions ran contrary to the approach recommended by the Swedish public health authority. Method: The study utilizes a qualitative content analysis of 13 in-depth interviews with health- and social workers in Sweden, active in the care of refugees within different kinds of health- and social care settings. Results: The analysis showed that healthcare services have remained open during the pandemic but with new precautions at reception areas impacting how refugees access healthcare. As discussed in the article, the shift to digital tools has particularly impacted refugees, worsening already existing barriers to healthcare services faced by those with refugee status. Public health recommendations were poorly designed to the needs of refugees whose living conditions often prevented them from self-isolation and social distancing. Furthermore, Sweden's initially non-restrictive approach to the pandemic instructed health- and social-workers to encourage refugees to take far fewer precautions (e.g., self-isolation, home-schooling, pregnant women to avoid virus hotspots) compared both with European neighbors and the international media typically used by refugees. When Sweden shifted toward a more restrictive approach, health- and social-workers had to revise their guidance in relation to the new recommendations around precautions. Conclusion: Refugees have faced increased barriers to maintaining their health and wellbeing during the pandemic that exceed those experienced by the rest of the Swedish population. Refugees have, in general, taken precautions in regard to social distancing and followed recommendations but faced challenges with social distancing due to isolation and crowded living. Public health authorities have often failed to acknowledge that individuals use increasingly diverse sources of knowledge when trying to protect their health, and that not everyone has access to the knowledge needed to access healthcare and social systems. At the same time, there is a need to acknowledge that refugees are sometimes a source of expertise that was ignored by the Swedish health and social system during the pandemic. There is a need for urgent efforts to halt the worsening health conditions for this specific group, but also to counter knock-on societal effects and rising health inequity.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Refugiados , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Gravidez , Apoio Social , Assistentes Sociais , Suécia/epidemiologia
15.
Health Soc Work ; 47(3): 185-194, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35708644

RESUMO

The aging population and shortage of primary care physicians lead to increasing gaps in access to rural geriatric healthcare. Of concern is the lack of access to geriatric expertise, leading to adverse effects on rural older adults' health outcomes and quality of life. The Geriatric Rural Extension of Expertise through Telegeriatric Services (also known as GREETS) project surveyed rural physical and behavioral healthcare practitioners to identify gaps in geriatric competencies in the rural workforce. Using the Qualtrics platform, a survey was distributed to professional membership lists throughout the State of Michigan. A total of 106 responses were completed, of which 50 were from respondents who identified their profession as a social worker. As would be expected based on social workers' scope of practice and the settings in which they provide services, social worker respondents noted a higher need than the other practitioner respondents for education related to (a) managing chronic pain, (b) managing care of patients with multiple chronic conditions, (c) having serious illness conversations, (d) diagnosing dementia, and (e) discussing advance care planning. Having identified these needs provides a basis for identifying and implementing training and resources for social work and other disciplines involved in geriatric care and services.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Assistentes Sociais , Idoso , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , População Rural , Serviço Social
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742379

RESUMO

Childhood is considered to be the most vital period for mental, physical, and social development. Even short-term deprivation of nutrition, health care, education, and affection in childhood can have long-term and irreversible negative consequences. Various social assistance programs are being launched around the world to eliminate or alleviate social problems, including those experienced by children in their immediate environment. Different solutions have been proposed around the world, but welfare systems in all countries share the following common features: social assistance is necessary and underfinanced, and social workers struggle to cope with caseloads. As a result, welfare work is stressful and not highly effective. In this study, modern Geographic Information System (GIS) tools for supporting the employees of social assistance centers (SACs) have been proposed. The data relating to welfare beneficiaries were analyzed by nonparametric kernel density estimation and divided into five datasets. The kernel density tool in ArcGIS Pro software (Esri Polska sp. z o.o., Warsaw, Poland) was used to visualize areas with a relatively high prevalence of social problems, as well as areas where the neighborhood can deliver synergistic effects. A multicriteria analysis (MCA) procedure for mapping social problems was proposed, and an algorithm was developed in the GIS environment. The generated maps deliver helpful information for supporting SAC employees, as well as monitoring, planning, and initiating preventive measures. Above all, the presented method was designed to improve living conditions by facilitating the management of welfare workers' duties. Therefore, the proposed approach had to be effective and easy to use without an advanced knowledge of GIS tools.


Assuntos
Proteção da Criança , Melhoria de Qualidade , Criança , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Humanos , Assistentes Sociais
17.
Soc Work ; 67(3): 228-238, 2022 06 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536549

RESUMO

Social workers are often faced with long working hours, high job demands, and poor work-life balance, which can have detrimental effects on their well-being. It is therefore important to identify the protective factors that enable social workers to flourish and thrive. Psychological capital (PsyCap) is conceptualized as a higher-order core construct that encompasses hope, efficacy, resilience, and optimism. This study aims to investigate the impact of PsyCap on social workers' well-being and explore the underlying mechanisms of this relationship. It expands the literature by adopting a multifaceted model of well-being, accounting for the temporal order of variables, including a qualitative component, and examining the effects of PsyCap in an at-risk occupation. A two-wave prospective survey with a three-month interval was conducted with a sample of 400 full-time social workers in Hong Kong, followed by individual in-depth interviews. The quantitative results showed that PsyCap was positively associated with job satisfaction and positive affect, and negatively associated with negative affect and psychological and physical distress. The qualitative results showed that the components of PsyCap share problem-focused processes with cognitive, conative, and affective functions. The theoretical and practical implications are discussed in relation to the social services industry.


Assuntos
Serviço Social , Assistentes Sociais , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Otimismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Soc Work Health Care ; 61(3): 158-168, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579262

RESUMO

Trauma patients face unique challenges that require coordination by social workers knowledgeable in the intricacies of trauma patient psychosocial support which is often achieved by obtaining ancillary consultations. The impact of employing a designated trauma social worker (DTSW) in the utilization of these consults has not been described. A retrospective review was conducted of trauma patients admitted to an academic, urban Level 1 trauma center. The pre-intervention cohort (n = 272) corresponded to patients admitted before the presence of a DTSW (01/2013 to 06/2013), while the post-intervention cohort (n = 282) corresponded to patients admitted afterward (09/2015 to 01/2016). Data collection included demographics, injury profile, and types of interdisciplinary or therapy consultations. Post-intervention patients were found to be older and admitted with more injuries. Supportive care, physical therapy and occupational therapy consultations were more likely to be obtained in the post-intervention cohort. Hospital length of stay remained unchanged. This study suggests that the implementation of a DTSW significantly facilitates the utilization of interdisciplinary consultations. Length of stay remains unchanged, suggesting that a DTSW helps to coordinate care in a timely manner without increasing the hospital stay. DTSW implementation may be considered in trauma centers where one does not currently exist.


Assuntos
Assistentes Sociais , Centros de Traumatologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 41(5): 630-634, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500183

RESUMO

A Washington State fire department dispatches nurses and social workers to address the underlying health and social needs of repeat 911 callers.


Assuntos
Socorristas , Humanos , Assistentes Sociais , Washington
20.
Health Soc Work ; 47(3): 195-204, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35640143

RESUMO

As a reaction to specific job stressors, social workers can experience job burnout. The job demands-resources theory posits that personal characteristics would mediate the influence of job stressors on either burnout or engagement. Within this framework, this cross-sectional research aimed to analyze the relationships between work-family interferences (as predictors), self-care practices (as mediators), and burnout and engagement (as outcomes). The sample included 437 graduate social workers from Spain. Structural equation modeling showed that family-work and work-family conflicts negatively predicted self-care practices and positively predicted burnout. Professional and personal self-care practices positively predicted engagement, negatively predicted burnout, and attenuated the impact of work-family interferences on burnout and engagement. To the authors' knowledge, the present article is the first to test the job demands-resources theory with these variables on social workers. The findings support interventions for social work students and professionals enhancing self-care practices to promote engagement and to reduce burnout, and highlight the need to decrease job stressors and enhance job resources for social workers.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Assistentes Sociais , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Autocuidado , Inquéritos e Questionários
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