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1.
Chest ; 159(2): 657-662, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910974
2.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 73(2): 286-294, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Temporal arteritis (TA) is a typical manifestation of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAVs) are rarely revealed by TA manifestations, leading to a risk of misdiagnosis of GCA and inappropriate treatments. This study was undertaken to describe the clinical, biologic, and histologic presentations and outcomes in cases of TA revealing AAV (TA-AAV) compared to controls with classic GCA. METHODS: In this retrospective case-control study, the characteristics of patients with TA-AAV were compared to those of control subjects with classic GCA. Log-rank test, with hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs), was used to assess the risk of treatment failure. RESULTS: Fifty patients with TA-AAV (median age 70 years) were included. Thirty-three patients (66%) presented with atypical symptoms of GCA (ear, nose, and throat involvement in 32% of patients, and renal, pulmonary, and neurologic involvement in 26%, 20%, and 16% of patients, respectively). Blood samples were screened for ANCAs at the time of disease onset in 33 patients, and results were positive in 88%, leading to a diagnosis of early TA-AAV in 20 patients. The diagnosis of AAV was delayed a median interval of 15 months in 30 patients. Compared to controls with GCA, patients with TA-AAV were younger (median age 70 years versus 74 years), were more frequently men (48% versus 30%), and had high frequencies of atypical manifestations and higher C-reactive protein levels (median 10.8 mg/dl versus 7.0 mg/dl). In patients with TA-AAV, temporal artery biopsy (TAB) showed fibrinoid necrosis and small branch vasculitis in 23% of patients each, whereas neither of these characteristics was evident in controls with GCA. Treatment failure-free survival was comparable between early TA-AAV cases and GCA controls, whereas those with delayed TA-AAV had a significantly higher risk of treatment failure compared to controls (HR 3.85, 95% CI 1.97-7.51; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: TA-AAV should be considered diagnostically in cases of atypical manifestations of GCA, refractoriness to glucocorticoid treatment, or early relapse. Analysis of TAB specimens for the detection of small branch vasculitis and/or fibrinoid necrosis could be useful. Detection of ANCAs should be performed in cases of suspected GCA with atypical clinical features and/or evidence of temporal artery abnormalities on TAB.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/fisiopatologia , Arterite de Células Gigantes/fisiopatologia , Artérias Temporais/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/diagnóstico , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/patologia , Arterite/diagnóstico , Arterite/tratamento farmacológico , Arterite/patologia , Arterite/fisiopatologia , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Tosse/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Tardio , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Diplopia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Febre/fisiopatologia , França , Arterite de Células Gigantes/diagnóstico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/tratamento farmacológico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/patologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Cefaleia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Arcada Osseodentária , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/fisiopatologia , Polimialgia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Couro Cabeludo , Sudorese , Artérias Temporais/patologia , Falha de Tratamento , Transtornos da Visão/fisiopatologia , Perda de Peso
3.
J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle ; 11(3): 619-635, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142217

RESUMO

Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterized by a progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass, along with adipose tissue wasting, systemic inflammation and other metabolic abnormalities leading to functional impairment. Cancer cachexia has long been recognized as a direct cause of complications in cancer patients, reducing quality of life and worsening disease outcomes. Some related conditions, like sarcopenia (age-related muscle wasting), anorexia (appetite loss) and asthenia (reduced muscular strength and fatigue), share some key features with cancer cachexia, such as weakness and systemic inflammation. Understanding the interplay and the differences between these conditions is critical to advance basic and translational research in this field, improving the accuracy of diagnosis and contributing to finally achieve effective therapies for affected patients.


Assuntos
Anorexia/fisiopatologia , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Caquexia/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sarcopenia/fisiopatologia , Humanos
4.
Georgian Med News ; (274): 70-73, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29461230

RESUMO

The features of clinical symptoms, neurotic disorders and the level of subjective control were studied in patients with fibromyalgia. The analysis of relationship between the level of subjective control and neurotic symptoms (asthenia, depression, anxiety, hypochondria) depending the severity of main clinical manifestations of the disease was carried out. It was found that high intensity of fatigue, muscle pain, stiffness, insomnia, and an increase in the number of diagnostic tender points contribute to the formation of inverse correlation between the level of subjective control and neurotic disturbances. Thus, the increase of the externality of the level of subjective control allows indicating to the formation of patients' passivity in relation to their disease, the lack of adherence to prescribed course of treatment (low compliance). Although drug therapy is the main component of complex treatment of fibromyalgia patients, patients require significantly more - successful treatment requires active involvement of patients in the therapy process, as well as changes in their attitudes and lifestyle, which can be achieved by training in so-called "schools" for patients, use of psychotherapeutic methods.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Astenia/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/psicologia , Fibromialgia/psicologia , Hipocondríase/psicologia , Adulto , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Astenia/diagnóstico , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Astenia/terapia , Treinamento Autógeno/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/fisiopatologia , Depressão/terapia , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/terapia , Feminino , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Fibromialgia/fisiopatologia , Fibromialgia/terapia , Humanos , Hipnose/métodos , Hipocondríase/diagnóstico , Hipocondríase/fisiopatologia , Hipocondríase/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos de Pesquisa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
5.
Adv Neurobiol ; 15: 427-449, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28674992

RESUMO

The most notable finding in neurodegenerative diseases is the progressive death of neurones cells. Yet, neuroglial changes can precede and facilitate neuronal loss. This is perhaps expected because astroglial cells maintain the brain homoeostasis, and are responsible for defence and regeneration, so that their malfunction manifested as degeneration or asthenia together with reactivity contribute to pathophysiology. Neuroglia may represent a novel target for therapeutic intervention, be that prevention, slowing progression of or possibly curing neurodegenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Astenia/patologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Neuroglia/patologia , Paralisia/patologia , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/patologia , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/fisiopatologia , Animais , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Astrócitos/patologia , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Doença de Huntington/patologia , Doença de Huntington/fisiopatologia , Camundongos Transgênicos , Microglia/patologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/patologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/fisiopatologia , Neurônios/patologia , Oligodendroglia/patologia , Paralisia/fisiopatologia
6.
Endocrine ; 55(1): 289-295, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27878773

RESUMO

AIM: The risks of fasting during Ramadan in patients with adrenal insufficiency are unknown. The aims of this study were to evaluate these risks in such patients, to determine the risk factors and finally to set some recommendations. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study about 180 patients with known and treated adrenal insufficiency. The patients responded to a 14-item questionnaire concerning their knowledge about the disease and fasting during the last month of Ramadan. RESULTS: There were 132 women and 48 men. The mean age was 47.6 ± 15.0 years (14-79). One hundred and thirty eight patients (76.7 %) were advised by their physician not to fast. Ninety-one patients (50.5 %) tried to fast. Complications occurred in 61 cases (67.0 %): asthenia in 88.5 % of cases, intense thirst in 32.8 %, symptoms of dehydration in 49.2 % and symptoms of hypoglycaemia in 18 %. One patient was hospitalized. Fifty-five patients (60.4 %) were able to fast for the whole month. Age, gender, duration of the disease, its primary origin, associated hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, hypertension or diabetes insipidus and daily dose of hydrocortisone did not significantly differ between fasters and non-fasters, full-month-fasters and partial-month-fasters, and fasters with complications and fasters without complications. The frequency of adequate knowledge about the disease was significantly higher in full-month-fasters vs. partial-month-fasters, and in fasters without complications vs. those with complications. CONCLUSION: In patients with adrenal insufficiency, fasting can cause complications especially if the level of knowledge about the disease is low.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Adrenal/fisiopatologia , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Jejum/fisiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Islamismo , Sede/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
Georgian Med News ; (256-257): 72-6, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27661280

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to determine the frequency and degree of severity of asthenic syndrome (AS) and estimation of physical health of women with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) and without it. 30 women were inspected with the set diagnosis of IDA and 20 nearly were healthy. All participants were assessed according objective status. AS was determined by the scale of estimation of asthenia - Scale Asthenic Conditions (SAC) of LD Malkova, the scale of subjective evaluation of asthenia (MFI-20). Level of somatic health was appraised by methodology of LG Apanasenko. As a result of research it was found that in 100% of women with IDA , which more often occurs with expressed hypoxic syndrome, that aggravates a process of AS. The severity of AS directly depends on the degree of IDA. The presence of IDA contributes to decreased physical activity of patients because of progressive weakness and fatigue. The level of physical health is rated as "low" due to low reserve capacity of the cardiorespiratory system and power qualities. In the control group, incidence of AS is significantly lower (40-55%) and the degree of severity in most cases is weak and moderate. The obtained data allow to make the conclusion that the medicines for correction of AS must be necessarily included in therapy of IDA.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/psicologia , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia Ferropriva/complicações , Anemia Ferropriva/fisiopatologia , Astenia/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24662341

RESUMO

The present observational study addressed effects of cytoflavine on symptoms of asthenia and emotional and autonomic regulation in patients with organic emotional-labile (asthenic) disorder (F06.6). Fifty one females and 49 males (mean age 36.8±11.0 years) were included into the study during their in-patient treatment in Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry of the Healthcare Department. All patients received standard antidepressant and vascular therapy, were consulted by psychologists or psychotherapists, visited physiotherapeutic procedures, massage and medical physical training. In addition, 50 patients received cytoflavin two tablets twice per day. At the psychiatric re-assessment before discharge both cytoflavin and control groups showed similar significant reduction of asthenia symptoms. At the same time, patients with cognitive deficits showed significantly larger improvement of cognitive functions after cytoflavin treatment in comparison with cognitively deficient patients after only standard therapy. Improvement of depressive symptoms was significantly larger in cytoflavin group in comparison with controls as well. These data are consistent with previous studies which showed cytoflavin to be effective as a treatment for patients with cognitive deficits and organic depression.


Assuntos
Astenia/tratamento farmacológico , Mononucleotídeo de Flavina/uso terapêutico , Inosina Difosfato/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Niacinamida/uso terapêutico , Succinatos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Astenia/psicologia , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/efeitos dos fármacos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Emoções/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Med Tr Prom Ekol ; (8): 29-33, 2014.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25549457

RESUMO

Occupation-related and physiologic studies in workers using personal computers revealed variable degrees of changed visual performance in accordance with work conditions class and integral parameter of work intensity. Findings are that the performance change is caused by lower accomodation volume and decrease in temporary characteristics of clear vision stability. Correlation was established between work conditions class and percentage of the performance decrease during the working shift in videodisplay users.


Assuntos
Acomodação Ocular , Astenia , Microcomputadores , Doenças Profissionais , Transtornos da Visão , Adulto , Astenia/diagnóstico , Astenia/epidemiologia , Astenia/etiologia , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Moscou/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/fisiopatologia , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/métodos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Visão/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia , Transtornos da Visão/fisiopatologia , Testes Visuais , Carga de Trabalho
10.
Med Tr Prom Ekol ; (6): 19-24, 2013.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23986947

RESUMO

There are presented the data of workers overstrain and fatigue conditions mechanisms based on physiological, psychological and ergonomic aspects of work processes in different types of activities (mental, visual-strained, physical). 15-year historical analysis, current state and prospects of labor physiology methods development are shown. Complex physiological and ergonomic investigations have allowed developing the measures of work ability raise and diseases prevention for workers various professions. Obtained results provided the basis of development of regulatory documents in area of human organism strain physiological norms, consequences of psycho-emotional stress and overstrain prevention taking into account working conditions class.


Assuntos
Astenia , Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Ocupações/classificação , Astenia/diagnóstico , Astenia/etiologia , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Astenia/prevenção & controle , Astenia/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/fisiopatologia , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Fadiga/prevenção & controle , Fadiga/psicologia , Controle de Formulários e Registros , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/fisiopatologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/classificação , Saúde do Trabalhador , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/métodos , Psicologia Industrial/métodos , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 38(7): 1067-70, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23847959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Dingguier umbilical paste on rats with functional dyspepsia and mice with splenic asthenia, and investigate the related mechanism. METHOD: Functional dyspepsia models of rats were made by irregular food intake plus diluted hydrochloric acid. Successional treatments were offered for 14 days. The rats weights, contents of serum NO, AChE and MC were measured. The rats with splenic asthenia were made by rhubarb feed, and observed the affection of gastric emptying. RESULT: Compared with those in the model control group, the weight of rats in all dosages Dingguier umbilical paste groups increased obviously (P < 0.05), pepsin activity of rats in the dosage (1.34 g x kg(-1)) Dingguier umbilical paste groups was significantly higher and the contents of NO and quantities of MC in the dosage (2.67 g x kg(-1)) Dingguier umbilical paste groups decreased clearly (P < 0.05), and the contents of serum AChE in all dosages Dingguier umbilical paste groups rose apparently. The weight of mice with splenic asthenia increased obviously, accelerated gastric emptying, and improved the symptom. CONCLUSION: Dingguier umbilical paste has significant improvement of indigestion. The related mechanism may be to reduce the content of serum NO and the quantity of MC and enhance the content of serum AChE.


Assuntos
Astenia/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Dispepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Astenia/patologia , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Dispepsia/fisiopatologia , Ingestão de Alimentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Esvaziamento Gástrico/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Baço/patologia , Umbigo
12.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23739500

RESUMO

The article is devoted to the study of cognitive dysfunction in patients suffering from tension headaches. Patients had attention and memory dysfunction, higher levels of anxiety, asthenia and subclinical symptoms of depression. The high efficacy of cerebrolysin in the restoration of cognitive dysfunction confirmed by the data of clinical, psychological and neuropsychological studies was shown.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/uso terapêutico , Astenia/etiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Cefaleia do Tipo Tensional/complicações , Adulto , Astenia/tratamento farmacológico , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Atenção/fisiologia , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Cognitivos/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Prognóstico , Cefaleia do Tipo Tensional/tratamento farmacológico , Cefaleia do Tipo Tensional/fisiopatologia
14.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24429944

RESUMO

The authors present the results of a survey of 103 patients aged 25 to 45 years with burnout syndrom. The results showed that most patients with the syndrome of burnout have clinical manifestations of asthenia, varying degrees of severity. According to psychological and psychophysiological examination in this group of patients were found attention and memory dysfunction. This study evaluated the efficacy of memoplant in the treatment of this pathology. The high efficiency of memoplant (improvement in 69.7% of cases) was detected, confirmed by the data of the clinical, psychological and neuropsychological research.


Assuntos
Astenia/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Adulto , Astenia/diagnóstico , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Astenia/psicologia , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/epidemiologia , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/fisiopatologia , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/fisiopatologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos da Memória/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Memória/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Memória/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Síndrome
15.
Ter Arkh ; 85(12): 100-5, 2013.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24640678

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the effect of the antioxidant mexidol on the oxidant-antioxidant potential of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), asthenic and anxious symptoms, and cognitive function of neurodynamic type in elderly patients with chronic brain ischemia (CBI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty women (mean age 66.7 years) with grade 1-2 dyscirculatory encephalopathy (DE) were examined. Trends for asthenic, anxious, and cognitive symptoms of neurodynamic type were estimated using the standard tests (MFI-20, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Schulte Tables, Wechsler test) on days 1, 15, and 60 of mexidol treatment (for 60 days). LDLs were isolated from blood by heparin precipitation. The baseline level of lipid peroxidation products was determined and the concentrations of fat-soluble antioxidants (a-tocopherol, retinol, beta-carotene, and xanthins) were examined in the isolated LDLs on days 1 and 5 of the study. RESULTS: A 60-day mexidol therapy cycle statistically significantly caused a reduction in asthenic and anxious symptoms in elderly patients with CBI and induced positive changes in the symptoms of cognitive neurodynamics. Assessing the specific features of the pharmacodynamics of the antioxidant mexidol used in the elderly patients for 15 days revealed a statistically significant positive effect on the oxidative potential of LDLs as a decreased predisposition to their antioxidative processes in vivo. The drug's effect in elevating the levels of a-tocopherol and beta-carotene was altered insignificantly (without statistically significant changes), which reflects the pharmacodynamic features of the drug in the elderly patients. CONCLUSION: The 60-day cycle of therapy with the antioxidant mexidol has a positive impact on asthenic and neurotic symptoms in the elderly patients with CBI. Mexidol is well tolerated and safe when used long.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Astenia/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Cognitivos/tratamento farmacológico , Picolinas/farmacologia , Idoso , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Astenia/sangue , Astenia/etiologia , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Encefálica/sangue , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Transtornos Cognitivos/sangue , Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/efeitos dos fármacos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Picolinas/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 87(3): 524-8, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22826490

RESUMO

We present a 44-year-old man from a rural community in northern Ecuador who worked on a cattle farm where he was involved with primary veterinary care, including assistance during births (or calving) and placenta retention and artificial insemination, with minimal precautions. In September of 2009, quite abruptly, he developed asthenia and hypersomnia without any apparent cause or symptoms like fever, chills, or night sweats. On November 14, 2009, he suffered from pain and edema in the right testicle that coincided with pain in the abdomen. Clinical, serological, and bacteriological investigations confirmed the first case of unilateral orchitis in man in Ecuador caused by Brucella abortus biovar 1. Because brucellosis is a neglected disease, special attention should be given to it in the training of medical and veterinary students.


Assuntos
Brucella abortus/isolamento & purificação , Brucella abortus/patogenicidade , Orquite/microbiologia , Abdome/microbiologia , Abdome/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Animais , Astenia/tratamento farmacológico , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Bovinos , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/tratamento farmacológico , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva/fisiopatologia , Doxiciclina/uso terapêutico , Equador , Gentamicinas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Orquite/tratamento farmacológico , Orquite/fisiopatologia , Testículo/microbiologia , Testículo/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-99825

RESUMO

La giardiasis es una de las parasitosis más frecuentes del mundo que se ha de considerar en todo paciente con persistencia de diarrea o sintomatología digestiva y/o malabsortiva tras un viaje o en población inmigrante, aunque su forma de presentación no es siempre la típica. Se describe un caso de una mujer natural de Guinea Ecuatorial de 25 años de edad presenta un cuadro de astenia de varios meses de evolución. Como hallazgos analíticos relevantes presenta una anemia normocítica y normocrómica con elevación de la velocidad de sedimentación globular (VSG). A lo largo de la exposición se plantea como se consideraron los diagnósticos diferenciales de la astenia, anemia normocítica normocrómica y elevación de VSG hasta llegar al diagnóstico de giardiasis (AU)


Giardiasis is one of the most frequent parasitic infections in the world that must be considered in every patient with persistent diarrhoea or digestive tract and/or malabsorption symptoms after a foreign trip or in the immigrant population, although its presentation is not always the typical. A 25 year old woman from Equatorial Guinea was seen at the clinic due to several months of asthenia. The laboratory analyses showed normocytic and normochromic anaemia and high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Throughout the presentation of the case report the differential diagnoses of asthenia, normocytic and normochromic anemia and high ESR will be discussed until the final diagnosis of giardiasis was made (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Astenia/complicações , Astenia/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Giardíase/complicações , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/etiologia , Anemia/parasitologia , Metronidazol/uso terapêutico , Tinidazol/uso terapêutico , Paromomicina/uso terapêutico , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Radiografia Torácica/tendências
19.
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol ; 25(2): 241-7, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22094199

RESUMO

The concept of 'fatigue' is strictly related to parameters of the setting in which fatigue is measured. Therefore, it is mandatory to provide a definition of fatigue and the modalities of its use. This is of pivotal importance with regard to the fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome, where fatigue is the most invalidating symptom and where, paradoxically, no clear and widely accepted definition of fatigue is available in the literature as yet. In the clinical setting, fatigue can be measured by different methods of various complexity. The simplest technique to assess fatigue involves the use of a visual analogue scale (VAS); however, a number of scales with differing levels of complexity are available for use. It is, often, difficult to detach the term 'fatigue' from tiredness and task failure, which correspond to two completely distinguished forms of fatigue: one with central origin (tiredness) and another which is localised within the muscle (peripheral muscle fatigue). The former is related to changes in motor-unit-recruitment strategies, whereas the latter is attributed to changes in membrane properties. To extensively assess fatigue and, partially, to avoid confusion among the types of fatigue described above, a number of laboratory tests have been developed; among these, there are multichannel surface electromyography (EMG) recordings. Using this type of an approach, it is possible the estimation of motor unit location within the muscle, the decomposition of the surface EMG (sEMG) interference signal into constituent trains of motor unit action potentials (MUAPs) and the analysis of single unit properties.


Assuntos
Astenia/diagnóstico , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Fadiga Mental/diagnóstico , Debilidade Muscular/diagnóstico , Astenia/etiologia , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Sistema Nervoso Central/fisiopatologia , Eletromiografia , Fibromialgia/complicações , Fibromialgia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Fadiga Mental/etiologia , Fadiga Mental/fisiopatologia , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Síndrome
20.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 36(5): 327-34, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22073883

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the differentiation and proliferation of nerve stem cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) in splenic asthenia pedo-rats so as to study its central mechanism. METHODS: A total of 72 SD male rats were randomly assigned to normal control group (n=24), model group (n=24) and EA group (n=24) which were further divided into 7 d, 14 d, 28 d and 49 d time-points (n=6). Splenic asthenia model was established by intraperitoneal injection of reserpine and gavage of Dahuang (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei) fluid. EA was applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6) for 20 min, once daily for 7, 14, 28 and 49 days respectively. Brdu, Nestin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) expression in the DG of hippocampus were detected by immunohistochemistry double staining. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the numbers of Brdu, Brdu/GFAP, Brdu/NSE Immunoreactive (IR) positive cells in the DG of hippocampus on day 7 and 14, and that of Brdu/Nestin IR-positive cells on day 7 were decreased considerably in the model group (P < 0.05). Compared to the model group, the numbers of hippocampal Brdu IR-positive cells at the 4 time-points, Brdu/Nestin and Brdu/GFAP on day 7, 14 and 49, and Brdu/NSE on day 7, 14 and 28 were increased significantly in the EA group (P < 0.05). No significant differences were found between the model and control groups in the numbers of hippocampal Brdu and Brdu/NSE IR-positive cells on day 28 and 49, in the number of Brdu/Nestin IR-positive cells on day 14 and 49, in the number of Brdu/GFAP IR-positive cells on day 28; and between the EA and model groups in the numbers of Brdu/Nestin and Brdu/GFAP IR-positive cells on day 28, and in the number of Brdu/NSE IR-positive cells on day 49 (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of ST 36 and SP 6 can effectively suppress splenic asthenia syndrome-induced decrease of the numbers of Brdu, Brdu/GFAP, Brdu/Nestin and Brdu/NSE IR-positive cells in the DG of hippocampus at the early stage in the splenic asthenia rats, which may contribute to its effect in improving splenic asthenia symptoms in clinic by promoting the proliferation and differentiation of some nerve stem cells in the hippocampus.


Assuntos
Astenia/terapia , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Eletroacupuntura , Hipocampo/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Baço/fisiopatologia , Animais , Astenia/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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