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1.
Food Chem ; 332: 127393, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603921

RESUMO

Jambu [Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K. Jansen] is an edible plant with a wide range of constituents of biological interest. In this study, the chemical composition of leaves, flowers and stems of jambu cultivated in hydroponic and conventional systems was investigated. In both crop systems, the leaves showed the highest total phenolic content, total flavonoid content and in vitro antioxidant capacity. The extracts were characterized by determining 45 compounds, including phenolic acids, glycosylated flavonoids, alkamides and fatty acids, by LC-MS analysis. Of these compounds, 31 are described for the first time in this species, five of which are reported for the first time in the literature. The PCA and cluster analysis results distinguished different anatomical parts (PC1 and PC2) and cultivation systems (PC3) into well-defined groups.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Asteraceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hidroponia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Estruturas Vegetais/química , Asteraceae/anatomia & histologia , Cromatografia Líquida , Análise por Conglomerados , Espectrometria de Massas , Folhas de Planta/química , Análise de Componente Principal
2.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(9): 2499-2508, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638056

RESUMO

Haemophilus parasuis (H. parasuis), the cause of the Glasser's disease, is a potentially pathogenic gram-negative organism that colonizes the upper respiratory tract of pigs. The extraction of Blumea balsamifera DC., as a traditional Chinese herb, has shown great bacteriostatic effect against several common bacteria. To study the antibacterial effect on H. parasuis in vitro, this study evaluated the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of Blumea balsamifera DC. essential oil (BBO) as well as morphological changes in H. parasuis treated with it. Furthermore, changes in expression of total protein and key virulence factors were also assessed. Results showed that the MIC and MBC were 0.625 and 1.25 µg/mL, respectively. As the concentration of BBO increased, the growth curve inhibition became stronger. H. parasuis cells were damaged severely after treatment with BBO for 4 h, demonstrating plasmolysis and enlarged vacuoles, along with broken cell walls and membranes. Total protein and virulence factor expression in H. parasuis was significantly downregulated by BBO. Taken together, these results indicated a substantial antibacterial effect of BBO on H. parasuis.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Haemophilus parasuis/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Haemophilus/tratamento farmacológico , Haemophilus parasuis/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças dos Suínos/microbiologia , Fatores de Virulência/genética
3.
Food Chem ; 330: 127232, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535318

RESUMO

As a generally edible plant, Ixeris denticulata (Houtt.) Stebb is widely distributed in China. Its medicinal value has attracted much attention in recent years. However, the chemical markers that cause quality and taste differences in I. denticulata from different regions are currently unclear. In this study, samples from 8 different origins were collected and analysed by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS. A metabolomics data processing strategy and machine learning method were established to explore the reasons for the difference in quality and taste of different origins from the perspective of chemical composition. With the established strategy, 10 characteristic chemical markers were identified that could be used to distinguish the origins of I. denticulata. The strategy proposed in this study could provide a certain basis for quality control and reasonable consumption of I. denticulata and additional food and medicinal homologous species.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Aprendizado de Máquina , Asteraceae/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Metabolômica
4.
J Chromatogr A ; 1624: 461155, 2020 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540056

RESUMO

The topic in the present paper is to prepare molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) using the template molecule with low purity. For the first time, a surrounding of macromolecular crowding was established to promote the formation of the complex of the template with functional monomer efficiently thus highly pure template molecule was unnecessary. In this study, the MIP monolith was synthesized using low purity lactucopicrin as template in place of highly pure one, and polystyrene was used as macromolecular crowding agent. 4-Vinylpyridine and ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate were used as functional monomer and crosslinker, respectively. Polymerization parameters, including the ratio of functional monomer/template, various template concentrations, and PS concentration on the affinity of the resulting MIP were systematically investigated. For the lactucopicrin MIP made with the purity of lactucopicrin of 92%, the imprinting factor can be up to 2.2. The resulting MIP was filled in solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridge to purify lactucopicrin from the crude extract of Cichorium glandulosum Boiss. et Huet. After two cycles of MIP SPE for the crude extract, the highest recovery and purity of lactucopicrin was 64.8% and 97.8%, respectively. The results indicated that the use of macromolecular crowding agent is an effective method for improving the performance of the MIP prepared with the template of low purity, particularly valuable to the cases in which the highly pure target molecule is hard to be obtained.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Polímeros/química , Asteraceae/química , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Lactonas/química , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Metacrilatos/química , Polimerização , Poliestirenos/química , Piridinas/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Extração em Fase Sólida
5.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234661, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544201

RESUMO

Xanthoxylin was the main compound (content 44.92% of total volatiles) in the leaves of Luodian B. balsamifera, which might be the key cause of failure in collecting essential oil (EO) of the leaves using general hydrodistillation in Clevenger apparatus. A modified hydrodistillation equipped with Clevenger apparatus was designed for isolating EO from the leaves. Six EOs of Luodian B. balsamifera harvested once a month from September to next February were collected successfully. The main components of EOs were δ-elemene, α-cubenene, caryophyllene, caryophyllene epoxide, γ-eudesmol, xanthoxylin, and α-eudesmol. The EOs of Luodian B. balsamifera collected from October to December had higher antioxidant activities (ACs). Combining the principal component analysis of chemical components with the results of ACs and the yields of six EOs, the leaves of Luodian B. balsamifera were suitable to be harvested in November and December to obtain EO with high quality.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Asteraceae/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , China , Destilação/instrumentação , Destilação/métodos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos/isolamento & purificação , Estações do Ano , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
6.
Ceska Slov Farm ; 69(1): 48-51, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460510

RESUMO

The free and protein-bound amino acid composition of the herb and roots of Smallanthus sonchifolius was analyzed by HPLC method. Fourteen free and fifteen protein-bound amino acids were determined in yacon herb, and three free and fourteen protein-bound amino acids in the roots. Among the free amino acids, proline (0.44 µg/mg) and aspartic acid (0.12 µg/mg) were dominant in the herb and proline (0.28 µg/mg) in the roots. Among the protein-bound amino acids, aspartic acid (18.58 µg/mg), glutamic acid (16.33 µg/mg) and proline (14.52 µg/mg) prevailed in the herb, and proline (3.14 μg/mg) in the roots. Fructose, sucrose and arabinose were identified in free form in the herb of S. sonchifolius applying gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The polysaccharide complex was obtained from yacon herb, its yield was 5.13 ± 0.09%. Fructose (3.11 µg/mg) was the only monosaccharide identified in the hydrolysate of the obtained complex.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/análise , Asteraceae/química , Carboidratos/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Raízes de Plantas/química , Extratos Vegetais
7.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 113, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the protective effect of Ixeris Sonchifolia (Bae.) Hance (ISH) extract on herpes simplex virus keratitis (HSK) in mice. METHODS: A mouse model of HSK was established by inoculating 60 mice (60 right eyes) with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) by corneal scratch. The other 15 mice as blank control only received corneal scratch but without HSV-1. From the 2nd day after the successful modeling, the experimental group was fed with ISH total flavonoids (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) orally, twice a day for 14 days. The model group and control group were given the same amount of normal saline. The pathological changes of cornea were observed once a day by slit lamp microscopy combined with fluorescein staining. The corneal histopathological examination, the survival status and the serum levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4 and interferon-gama (INF-γ) were performed at the end of the experiment. RESULTS: The result showed that ISH could significantly improve the corneal lesion degree, increase mice survival rate, and markedly increase the levels of IL-2 and INF-γ, reduce the levels of IL-4 in serum of mice. CONCLUSIONS: ISH could increase the anti-virus ability, promote the healing of corneal inflammation and alleviate the pathological damage of cornea, which suggested that ISH has a potential and valuable therapeutic effect on the HSK.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Ceratite Herpética/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , China , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 37-51, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237409

RESUMO

The genus Carpesium plants contain many kinds of sesquiterpenes. Up to now, more than 201 sesquiterpene compounds have been isolated and identified, including 86 germacranolides, 30 eudesmanolides, 29 guaianolides, 23 sesquiterpene dimers, 9 pseudoguaianes, 9 carabranolides, 7 xanthanolides, 6 sesquiterpenes without lactone, 1 eremophilane and 1 tricyclo dodecane sesquiterpene. The reported sesquiterpenes possess a series of pharmacological properties, such as anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiparasitic, insecticidal, and antiviral activities. This paper summarizes the 201 chemical structures and biological activities of sesquiterpenes in genus Carpesium, and provides the scientific basis for the further development and utilization.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos , Anti-Inflamatórios , Lactonas , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/química
9.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(2): 161-166, mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104063

RESUMO

The methanol extract of the Balkan endemic species Jurinea tzar-ferdinandii Davidov demonstrated weak antioxidant activity against DPPH• and ABTS+• and low inhibitory potential against acetylcholinesterase (8.3% Inh.) and tyrosinase (IC50 = 208 ± 8 µg/mL) enzymes. Phytochemical investigation of the extract led to isolation and identification of apigenin, luteolin, apigenin-7-O-glucoside, apigenin-4'-O-glucoside, apigenin-7-O-gentiobioside, luteolin-4'-O-glucoside, rutin, narcissin, chlorogenic and 1,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid. With exception of apigenin and rutin, all isolated compounds are reported for the first time in the representatives of genus Jurinea. The distribution of flavonoids was discussed from chemotaxonomic point of view.


El extracto de metanol de la especie endémica de los Balcanes Jurinea tzar-ferdinandii Davidov demostró una actividad antioxidante débil contra DPPH• y ABTS+• y un bajo potencial inhibidor contra las enzimas acetilcolinesterasa (8.3% Inh.) tirosinasa (IC50 = 208 ± 8 µg/mL). La investigación fitoquímica del extracto condujo al aislamiento e identificación de apigenina, luteolina, apigenina-7-Oglucósido, apigenina-4'-O-glucósido, apigenina-7-O-gentiobiósido, luteolina-4'-O-glucósido, rutina, narcissin, clorogénico y ácido 1,5- dicafeoilquinico. Con excepción de la apigenina y la rutina, todos los compuestos aislados se informan por primera vez en el género Jurinea. La distribución de flavonoides se discute desde el punto de vista quimiotaxonómico.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Fenóis/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Inibidores da Colinesterase , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Metanol , Península Balcânica
10.
Molecules ; 25(2)2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940923

RESUMO

Continuously growing demand for plant derived therapeutic molecules obtained in a sustainable and eco-friendly manner favors biotechnological production and development of innovative extraction techniques to obtain phytoconstituents. What is more, improving and optimization of alternative techniques for the isolation of high value natural compounds are issues having both social and economic importance. In this critical review, the aspects regarding plant biotechnology and green downstream processing, leading to the production and extraction of increased levels of fine chemicals from both plant cell, tissue, and organ culture or fresh plant materials and the remaining by-products, are discussed.


Assuntos
Biotecnologia/métodos , Cromatografia/métodos , Extração Líquido-Líquido/métodos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Apiaceae/química , Asteraceae/química , Biotecnologia/instrumentação , Biotecnologia/tendências , Cromatografia/instrumentação , Fabaceae/química , Humanos , Lamiaceae/química , Micro-Ondas , Myrtaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Células Vegetais/química , Plantas Medicinais , Sonicação/métodos
11.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227023, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905207

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Investigation of the antibacterial action of aqueous extracts of Bidens sulphurea, Bidens pilosa, and Tanacetum vulgare, species of Asteraceae family that are popularly used for the treatment of genito-urinary infection. METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bacterial concentration (MBC) of the extracts against standard strains of Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC25923), Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC29212), Escherichia coli (ATCC25922), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC27853) and against bacteria that were isolated from cultures of vaginal secretions and urine from menopausal women with a diagnosis of recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTI) were determined by broth microdilution. RESULTS: The MIC values of the three extracts against Gram-positive and Gram-negative standard bacterial strains ranged from 7.81 to 125.00 mg ml-1, and the MBC values ranged from 7.81 to 500.00 mg ml-1. However, B. sulphurea was more efficient. In the urine samples, the three extracts inhibited the growth of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp., and the B. pilosa was the most active extract against E. coli compared with the other ones. For the vaginal secretion samples, no significant differences in the inhibition of coagulase-positive Staphylococcus spp. and P. mirabilis were found among the extracts. T. vulgare and B. sulphurea were more effective in inhibiting coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. compared with B. pilosa. E. coli was more susceptible to the B. sulphurea extract compared with the B. pilosa and T. vulgare extracts. CONCLUSION: The present results suggested the potential medicinal use of Asteraceae species, especially B. sulphurea, as therapeutic agents against rUTI-related bacteria.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Asteraceae/química , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/química , Pós-Menopausa , Infecções Urinárias/terapia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia
12.
Phytomedicine ; 67: 153164, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Centipeda minima (L.) A.Br. (C. minima) has been used in traditional Chinese herbal medicine to treat nasal allergy, diarrhea, asthma and malaria for centuries. Recent pharmacological studies have demonstrated that the ethanol extract of C. minima (ECM) and several active components possess anti-bacterial, anti-arthritis and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effects of ECM on neuroinflammation and the underlying mechanisms have never been reported. PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the potential inhibitory effects of ECM on neuroinflammation and illustrate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: High performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was performed to qualify the major components of ECM; BV2 and primary microglial cells were used to examine the anti-inflammatory activity of ECM in vitro. To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of ECM in vivo, the mice were orally administrated with ECM (100, 200 mg•kg-1•d-1) for 2 days before cotreatment with LPS (2 mg•kg-1•d-1, ip) for an additional 3 days. The mice were sacrificed the day after the last treatment and the hippocampus was dissected for further experiments. The expression of inflammatory proteins and the activation of microglia were respectively detected by real-time PCR, ELISA, Western blotting and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: HPLC-MS/MS analysis confirmed and quantified seven chemicals in ECM. In BV2 and primary microglial cells, ECM inhibited the LPS-induced production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), thus protecting HT22 neuronal cells from inflammatory damage. Furthermore, ECM inhibited the LPS-induced activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and subsequently attenuated the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) and NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4), leading to the decreased production of nitrite oxide, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). In an LPS-induced neuroinflammatory mouse model, ECM was found to exert anti-inflammatory activity by decreasing the production of proinflammatory mediators, inhibiting the phosphorylation of NF-κB, and reducing the expression of COX2, iNOS, NOX2 and NOX4 in the hippocampal tissue. Moreover, LPS-induced microglial activation was markedly attenuated in the hippocampus, while ECM at a high dose possesses a stronger anti-inflammatory activity than the positive drug dexamethansone (DEX). CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that ECM exerts antineuroinflammatory effects via attenuating the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and inhibiting the production of proinflammatory mediators both in vitro and in vivo. C. minima might become a novel phytomedicine to treat neuroinflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Enzimas/metabolismo , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/citologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
13.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 39, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plants have been used as an important source of indispensable bioactive compounds in various cosmetics, foods, and medicines. However, the subsequent functional annotation of these compounds seems arduous because of the largely uncharacterized, vast metabolic repertoire of plant species with known biological phenotypes. Hence, a rapid multi-parallel screening and characterization approach is needed for plant functional metabolites. RESULTS: Fifty-one species representing three plant families, namely Asteraceae, Fabaceae, and Rosaceae, were subjected to metabolite profiling using gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS) and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole orbitrap ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-orbitrap-MS/MS) as well as multivariate analyses. Partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) of the metabolite profiling datasets indicated a distinct clustered pattern for 51 species depending on plant parts (leaves and stems) and relative phylogeny. Examination of their relative metabolite contents showed that the extracts from Fabaceae plants were abundant in amino acids, fatty acids, and genistein compounds. However, the extracts from Rosaceae had higher levels of catechin and ellagic acid derivatives, whereas those from Asteraceae were higher in kaempferol derivatives and organic acids. Regardless of the different families, aromatic amino acids, branch chain amino acids, chlorogenic acid, flavonoids, and phenylpropanoids related to the shikimate pathway were abundant in leaves. Alternatively, certain amino acids (proline, lysine, and arginine) as well as fatty acids levels were higher in stem extracts. Further, we investigated the associated phenotypes, i.e., antioxidant activities, affected by the observed spatial (leaves and stem) and intra-family metabolomic disparity in the plant extracts. Pearson's correlation analysis indicated that ellagic acid, mannitol, catechin, epicatechin, and quercetin derivatives were positively correlated with antioxidant phenotypes, whereas eriodictyol was positively correlated with tyrosinase inhibition activity. CONCLUSIONS: This work suggests that metabolite profiling, including multi-parallel approaches and integrated bioassays, may help the expeditious characterization of plant-derived metabolites while simultaneously unraveling their chemodiversity.


Assuntos
Metaboloma , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Asteraceae/química , Asteraceae/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Fabaceae/química , Fabaceae/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Metabolômica/métodos , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Caules de Planta/metabolismo , Rosaceae/química , Rosaceae/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
14.
Fitoterapia ; 140: 104440, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783131

RESUMO

Praxelis clematidea (Asteraceae) is a harmful invasive alien weed, which cause huge destruction of ecological environment and economic losses. In this study, 22 compounds were isolated and purified from the whole plant of P. clematidea, including 4 benzofurans (1-4), 18 lignans (5-22), and five of which were new compounds (1, 3, 4, 9, 10). Various spectroscopic analysis methods were utilized to elucidate their chemical structures. The inhibitory effects of the isolated compounds on NO release from BV-2 microglia cells induced by LPS were investigated. Most of the compounds showed pronounced anti-neuroinflammatory activity. Additionally, the new compounds 3, 4 and 10 exhibited significant anti-neuroinflammatory effects, and the biological activities were further confirmed by immunoblotting, quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence staining assays. As results, this study provided a new idea for the further treatment and utilization of P. clematidea as anti-neuroinflammatory agents in health-benefit products.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Benzofuranos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular , China , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
15.
Phytochemistry ; 170: 112196, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731238

RESUMO

Seven previously undescribed sesquiterpene lactones, three known sesquiterpene lactones (ixerin D, 15-p-hydroxyphenylacetyllactucin, and 15-p-hydroxyphenylacetyllactucin-8-sulfate), and two known quinic acid derivatives (3-O-feruloylquinic acid and 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid) were isolated from Sonchus palustris L. roots. Four formerly undescribed compounds were elucidated to be 3ß,14-dihydroxycostunolide-3-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-(2-O-p-hydroxyphenylacetyl)-14-O-p-hydroxyphenylacetate, 15-p-methoxyphenylacetyllactucin, 15-p-methoxyphenylacetyllactucin-8-sulfate, and 8-p-hydroxyphenylacetyllactucin-15-sulfate. Additionally, three undescribed conjugates of lactucin and a eudesmanolide type sesquiterpenic acid, sonchpalustrin, 4″-O-methylsonchpalustrin, and isosonchpalustrin, were characterized. The structures of the newly discovered natural products were elucidated using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and UHPLC-HRMS. 15-p-Hydroxyphenylacetyllactucin and 15-p-methoxyphenylacetyllactucin showed significant in vitro cytotoxicity against CEM and BJ cells with IC50 values ranging from 3.9 to 9.8 µM. Compounds 3 and 4 showed also strong anti-inflammatory activity in vitro.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Lactonas/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Lactonas/química , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
16.
J Environ Sci Health B ; 55(3): 210-219, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653182

RESUMO

In the present study, ethanolic extract from Heliopsis longipes roots and affinin/spilanthol against Aspergillus parasiticus growth and aflatoxins production were studied in relation to the expression of aflD and aflR, two key genes of aflatoxins biosynthetic pathway. Phytochemical analysis of the ethanolic extract by GC-EIMS identified affinin/spilanthol (7.84 ± 0.27 mg g-1) as the most abundant compounds in H. longipes roots. The antifungal and anti-aflatoxigenic assays showed that affinin/spilanthol at 300 µg mL-1 produced the higher inhibition of radial growth (95%), as well as, the higher aflatoxins production inhibition (61%) in comparison to H. longipes roots (87% and 48%, respectively). qRT-PCR revealed that the expression of aflD and aflR genes showed a higher downregulation in affinin/spilanthol at 300 µg mL-1. The expression ratio of alfD was suppressed by affinin/spilanthol in 79% and aflR in 84%, while, a lower expression ratio suppressed by H. longipes was obtained, alfD (55%) and aflR (59%). Affinin/spilanthol possesses higher antifungal and anti-aflatoxigenic activity against A. parasiticus rather than H. longipes roots, and this anti-aflaxotigenic activity occurring via downregulation of the aflD and aflR genes. Thus, H. longipes roots and affinin/spilanthol can be considered potent antifungal agents against aflatoxigenic fungus, especially, affinin/spilanthol.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Aspergillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Asteraceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacologia , Aflatoxinas/biossíntese , Aflatoxinas/genética , Antifúngicos/química , Aspergillus/genética , Aspergillus/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/análise , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
17.
Fitoterapia ; 140: 104419, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705952

RESUMO

Despite advances in medicine and numerous agents that counteract pain, millions of patients continue to suffer. Attention has been given to identify novel botanical interventions that produce analgesia by interacting with nociceptive-transducing channels. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the actual knowledge of Acmella oleracea (L.) and its activities, particularly those that are anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and painkiller. These activities are attributed to numerous bioactive compounds, such as phytosterols, phenolic compounds and N-alkylamides (spilanthol, responsible for many activities, primarily anesthetic). This review includes 99 eligible studies to consider the anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and painkiller of Acmella. Studies reported in this review confirmed anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities of Acmella, postulating that transcription factors of the nuclear factor-κB family (NF-κB) trigger the transcription iNOS and COX-2 and several other pro-inflammatory mediators, such as IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α. The antinociceptive effects has been demonstrated and have been related to different processes, including inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, activation of opioidergic, serotoninergic and GABAergic systems, and anesthetic activity through blockage of voltage-gated Na Channels. acmella oleracea represents a promise for pain management, particularly in chronic degenerative diseases, where pain is a significant critical issue.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
18.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(1): 63-70, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777441

RESUMO

Aim of this study was to evaluate polyphenols and major and trace elements of Cladanthus arabicus and Bubonium imbricatum, along with their in vitro antibacterial activity against six multidrug resistant Enterobacteriaceae (Escherichia coli S33/16, E. coli S34/16, Proteus mirabilis S32/16, Klebsiella pneumoniae S12/16, Enterobacter cloacae S5/16, and Salmonella sp S12/14). UV spectrophotometry, ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry were used to evaluate total polyphenol content, quali-quantitative profile of single polyphenols and inorganic elements of the extract. The antibacterial activity was investigated by standard methods. Twelve polyphenols were identified in both plants and these were more concentrated in B. imbricatum than C. arabicus extracts. High levels of minerals, essential trace elements and tolerable levels of heavy metals (Cd, As and Pb) were found. Furthermore, the extracts showed also a strong in vitro antibacterial activity, particularly versus E. coli S33/16 (MIC, 0.125 mg ml-1).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Asteraceae/química , Metais Pesados/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polifenóis/análise , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Enterobacteriaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Marrocos , Oligoelementos/análise
19.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(6): 863-867, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445853

RESUMO

Antimicrobial activity of dichloromethane and ethanol extracts and five compounds: pinostrobin (I), pinocembrin (II), tectochrysin (III), galangin 3-methyl ether (IV) and tiliroside (V) isolated from Lychnophora markgravii aerial parts against fifteen microorganisms was determined. The structures of these compounds were elucidated based on ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopic data. Both extracts showed antimicrobial activity against several tested microorganisms. Pinostrobin, tectochrysin and galangin 3-methyl ether showed the strongest antibacterial and antifungal effects.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Asteraceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Flavanonas/análise , Flavanonas/química , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonoides/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular
20.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(2): 284-289, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580615

RESUMO

Baccharoides anthelmintica is the most popular traditional Uighur medicines used for vitiligo. The chemical investigation of the seeds of B. anthelmintica led to the isolation of three new flavonoid glycosides (Vernosides A-C). Their structures were determined by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data including 1D and 2D NMR and HRMS data. Vernosides A-C were evaluated for their effects on tyrosinase activity, Vernoside B can enhance tyrosinase activity.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Sementes/química , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/efeitos dos fármacos , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo
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