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4.
Postgrad Med ; 132(1): 102-108, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928276

RESUMO

Background: Little is known about patient preference regarding the physical exam in non-urgent primary care settings.Objective: To determine the differences between a patient's expectations of the physical exam and the actual components of the physical examination performed during a non-urgent visit.Design: A total of 452 surveys administered in the waiting room of a VA primary care clinic in West Haven, CT.Key results: The response rate was 91.6% (n = 414). For 15 of 16 maneuvers on the survey, more respondents believed a reasonable provider should conduct it than received it at their annual physical exam; for 7 of them (breast, axillary, rectal, pelvic, total body skin exam, electrocardiogram, and stress test), over twice as many respondents believed they should be done than received them. There was an association between a patient's perception of their primary care provider and the number of maneuvers recalled at their annual exam (P < 0.001), and a gap in the number of maneuvers expected from a reasonable provider by nonwhite and white patients (P < 0.001).Limitations: Convenience sample, response bias (healthy patients are more likely to respond) and recall bias.Conclusion: Patient perception of their primary care provider is strongly associated with the number of maneuvers recalled during an annual physical. Furthermore, the number of maneuvers expected by a patient is influenced by race, with nonwhite patients desiring more. This suggests the need for further research on the role of race in the expectations of healthcare providers.


Assuntos
Preferência do Paciente , Exame Físico , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Físico/métodos , Exame Físico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Lancet ; 395(10217): 42-52, 2020 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antivirals are infrequently prescribed in European primary care for influenza-like illness, mostly because of perceived ineffectiveness in real world primary care and because individuals who will especially benefit have not been identified in independent trials. We aimed to determine whether adding antiviral treatment to usual primary care for patients with influenza-like illness reduces time to recovery overall and in key subgroups. METHODS: We did an open-label, pragmatic, adaptive, randomised controlled trial of adding oseltamivir to usual care in patients aged 1 year and older presenting with influenza-like illness in primary care. The primary endpoint was time to recovery, defined as return to usual activities, with fever, headache, and muscle ache minor or absent. The trial was designed and powered to assess oseltamivir benefit overall and in 36 prespecified subgroups defined by age, comorbidity, previous symptom duration, and symptom severity, using a Bayesian piece-wise exponential primary analysis model. The trial is registered with the ISRCTN Registry, number ISRCTN 27908921. FINDINGS: Between Jan 15, 2016, and April 12, 2018, we recruited 3266 participants in 15 European countries during three seasonal influenza seasons, allocated 1629 to usual care plus oseltamivir and 1637 to usual care, and ascertained the primary outcome in 1533 (94%) and 1526 (93%). 1590 (52%) of 3059 participants had PCR-confirmed influenza infection. Time to recovery was shorter in participants randomly assigned to oseltamivir (hazard ratio 1·29, 95% Bayesian credible interval [BCrI] 1·20-1·39) overall and in 30 of the 36 prespecified subgroups, with estimated hazard ratios ranging from 1·13 to 1·72. The estimated absolute mean benefit from oseltamivir was 1·02 days (95% [BCrI] 0·74-1·31) overall, and in the prespecified subgroups, ranged from 0·70 (95% BCrI 0·30-1·20) in patients younger than 12 years, with less severe symptoms, no comorbidities, and shorter previous illness duration to 3·20 (95% BCrI 1·00-5·50) in patients aged 65 years or older who had more severe illness, comorbidities, and longer previous illness duration. Regarding harms, an increased burden of vomiting or nausea was observed in the oseltamivir group. INTERPRETATION: Primary care patients with influenza-like illness treated with oseltamivir recovered one day sooner on average than those managed by usual care alone. Older, sicker patients with comorbidities and longer previous symptom duration recovered 2-3 days sooner. FUNDING: European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/terapia , Oseltamivir/administração & dosagem , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oseltamivir/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ; 129(2): 170-174, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To categorize the primary reasons for electronic consults (eConsults) to otolaryngology from primary care physicians (PCPs). To determine how many patients avoided subsequent in-person otolaryngology office visits. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a pilot study that took place between 2016 and 2017 regarding eConsults to adult otolaryngology placed by primary care physicians at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Medical Center. The complaints were categorized as related to the following: ear, nose, throat or neck. Initial recommendations were classified as (1) providing education only (no intervention), (2) suggesting medical therapy provided by the PCP, or (3) suggesting surgical intervention. Univariate statistics and multinomial logistic regression were used to analyze the association of problem type with the need for follow-up in the otolaryngology offices. The data was analyzed for differences in patient age and gender. RESULTS: The study population included 64 patients (average age 54.6 years, 60.9% male). Within this group, 41% of consults were for ear complaints, 15% for nose complaints, 28% had throat-related complaints, and 16% had neck-related complaints. In-person follow-up was not required for 82.8% of the consults. Overall, 76.9% of ear, 100% of nose, 88.9% of throat, and 70.0% of neck complaints did not require in-person visits. CONCLUSIONS: eConsults to otolaryngology were primarily for ear concerns. Of the eConsults, 82.4% did not require in-person follow-up. We therefore conclude that the use of eConsults prevented substantial office visits that would not otherwise be necessary. Efforts should be made to promote the widespread use of eConsults, which may to the more efficient use of resources.


Assuntos
Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Otolaringologia , Otorrinolaringopatias/terapia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Consulta Remota/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Med Clin North Am ; 104(1): 15-24, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757233

RESUMO

Urticaria is a common presenting problem to the primary care provider. Acute urticaria lasting less than 6 weeks may be associated with a drug or food allergens. Chronic urticaria lasting more than 6 weeks is often associated without a known underlying cause. Inducible stimuli causing hives should be excluded using specific provocation testing. Treatment follows a standardized algorithmic approach as outlined by the Joint Task Force Practice Parameter and/or International Urticaria guidelines. Patients not responsive to steps 1 or 2 should be referred to an urticaria specialist for further evaluation and treatment. The prognosis and outcome of urticaria is generally very favorable for most patients.


Assuntos
Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Urticária/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Comitês Consultivos/normas , Doença Crônica , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/complicações , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/complicações , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/diagnóstico , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Prognóstico , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Urticária/etiologia
8.
Brasilia; s.n; [2020?].
Não convencional em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050456

RESUMO

priorizar o atendimento de casos suspeitos de novo Coronavírus, medidas de controle e registrar o atendimento no sistema de informação da Atenção Primária (SISAB)


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Doenças Respiratórias/complicações , Notificação de Doenças/normas
10.
Aust N Z J Public Health ; 43(6): 538-543, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Community Controlled Health Organisations (ACCHOs) have been identified as having an important role in improving the health and wellbeing of individuals in prison; however, a lack of information exists on how to strengthen this role. This paper explores the experiences of ACCHO staff in primary health care to individuals inside or leaving prison. METHODS: Nineteen staff from four ACCHOs were interviewed. ACCHO selection was informed by proximity to prisons, town size and/or Local Government Area offending rates. Thematic analysis of the interviews was undertaken. RESULTS: While most ACCHOs had delivered post-release programs, primary health care delivery to prisoners was limited. Three themes emerged: i) a lack of access to prisoners; ii) limited funding to provide services to prisoners; and iii) the need for a team approach to primary health care delivery. CONCLUSION: A holistic model of care underpinned by a reliable funding model (including access to certain Medicare items) and consistent access to prisoners could strengthen ACCHOs' role in primary health care delivery to people inside or leaving prison. Implications for public health: ACCHOs have an important role to play in the delivery of primary health care to prisoners. Existing models of care for prisoners should be examined to explore how this can occur.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/organização & administração , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/psicologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Prisioneiros , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social
11.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 98, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the health care network for at-risk infants in the western region of the city of São Paulo, with the primary health care as coordinator, and to compare the presence and extension of attributes of primary health care in the services provided, according to the service management model (Family Health Strategy and traditional basic health units). METHODS: A survey was conducted with all at-risk infants born in the western region of São Paulo between 2013 and 2014. The children were then actively searched for a later application of the PCATool - child version. The total of 233 children were located in the territory; 113 guardians agreed to participate, and 81 composed the final sample. RESULTS: Regarding the results of PCATool for overall and essential scores, the units with Family Health Strategy were better evaluated by users, when compared with traditional basic health units, showing a statistically significant difference. However, these scores were low for both management models. Regarding attributes, the Family Health Strategy presented better performance compared with traditional basic health units for most of them, except for coordination of information systems. Of ten assessed attributes, seven reached values ≥6.6 for Family Health Strategy and two for the traditional basic health unit. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of the type of management model, low overall and essential scores were found, indicating that guardians of at-risk infants rated some attributes as unsatisfactory, with emphasis on accessibility, integrality and family guidance. Such a performance may have negative consequences for the quality and integrality of these infants' health care.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/provisão & distribução , Serviços de Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Afr Health Sci ; 19(2): 1841-1848, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656466

RESUMO

Background: Maternal, fetal and neonatal mortality are 10 to 100 fold higher in many low-income compared to high-income countries. Reasons for these discrepancies include limited antenatal care and delivery outside health facilities. Objectives: The study aimed at conducting a baseline survey to assess the current levels of maternal health indicators in six counties in Western Kenya. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted targeting women residing in Uasin-Gishu, ElgeyoMarakwet, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Busia and Kakamega counties who had given birth five years prior to the interview. Socio-demographic and maternal indicators were collected using forms adopted from KDHS 2009. Interviews were conducted in the homesteads between December 2015 and June 2016. Results: A total of 6257 women participated in the study, median age 27 years IQR 23-32. Majority of the women had post-primary level of education, were married and 40% were members of an income-generating activity. 56.8% were using modern family planning method, 49% attended WHO recommended four plus antenatal clinic visits and only 20% attended in the first trimester. Majority, 85% had their most recent delivery in a health facility. Conclusion: Findings suggest that women are not attending recommended four plus antenatal clinic visits and even those that attend are few are during the first trimester.


Assuntos
Saúde Materna , Centros de Saúde Materno-Infantil/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil/normas , Cooperação do Paciente , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Adulto , Criança , Centros Comunitários de Saúde/organização & administração , Comportamento Contraceptivo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Quênia , Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Fatores Socioeconômicos
13.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(669): 1968-1971, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663696

RESUMO

We have been studying multimorbidity in epidemiology and clinical practice since the 1970s. Growing experience shows that the concept of multimorbidity is helpful for epidemiologists to describe population-level changes, but of little use to patients and clinicians who 'diagnose' multimorbidity. Several large, rigorous clinical trials show that organizational changes in primary care can improve the care of these complex patients, but do not improve directly health-related quality of life. This article describes the history of multimorbidity and results of recent randomized trials to prompt a discussion of new approaches to improve the experience of people living with multiple chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica , Multimorbidade/tendências , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/terapia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
14.
Med Clin North Am ; 103(6): 1077-1092, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582005

RESUMO

Compared to clinicians previously surveyed, primary care providers employed in a health system known for clinical genomics were more likely to have ordered or referred a patient for genetic testing, but had only modestly more genetics training and reported similarly low levels of comfort answering patient questions about genetic risk. Most supported population genomic screening, reported willingness to get screened themselves, and judged a hypothetical patient's decision to be screened favorably relative to a similar patient's decision to decline screening. Stakeholder perceptions of the ethical appropriateness of nudging at-risk patients to discuss testing with counselors were mixed.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento Genético , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Aconselhamento Genético/ética , Aconselhamento Genético/métodos , Aconselhamento Genético/psicologia , Humanos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
15.
Med Clin North Am ; 103(6): 967-976, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582007

RESUMO

Historically, both pretest and posttest genetic counseling has been standard of care for genetic testing. This model should be adapted for primary care providers (PCPs) willing to learn critical information about the test and key concepts that patients need to make an informed testing decision. It is helpful for PCPs to discuss a few initial patients with a genetic counselor to prepare for the key concepts of pretest and posttest counseling. This article provides guidance about the recommended level of involvement of PCPs based on the test indication, test complexity, disorder management, and the potential for psychosocial sequela.


Assuntos
Revelação , Aconselhamento Genético , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Aconselhamento Genético/ética , Aconselhamento Genético/métodos , Aconselhamento Genético/psicologia , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas
16.
Med Clin North Am ; 103(6): 977-990, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582008

RESUMO

Pharmacogenomics (PGx) is a powerful tool that can predict increased risks of adverse effects and sub-therapeutic response to medications. This article establishes the core principles necessary for a primary care provider to meaningfully and prudently use PGx testing. Key topics include in which patients PGx testing should be considered, how PGx tests are ordered, how the results are translated into clinical recommendations, and what further advancements are likely in the near future. This will provide clinicians with a foundational knowledge of PGx that can allow incorporation of this tool into their practice or support further personal investigation.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Farmacogenética/métodos , Medicina de Precisão , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/genética , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos
17.
Aust N Z J Public Health ; 43(6): 532-537, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This paper provides a case study of the responses to alcohol of an Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service (The Service), and investigates the implementation of comprehensive primary health care and how it challenges the logic of colonial approaches. METHODS: Data were drawn from a larger comprehensive primary health care study. Data on actions on alcohol were collected from: a) six-monthly service reports of activities; b) 29 interviews with staff and board members; c) six interviews with advocacy partners; and d) community assessment workshops with 13 service users. RESULTS: The Service engaged in rehabilitative, curative, preventive and promotive work targeting alcohol, including advocacy and collaborative action on social determinants of health. It challenged other government approaches by increasing Aboriginal people's control, providing culturally safe services, addressing racism, and advocating to government and industry. CONCLUSIONS: This case study provides an example of implementation of the full continuum of comprehensive primary health care activities. It shows how community control can challenge colonialism and ongoing power imbalances to promote evidence-based policy and practice that support self-determination as a positive determinant for health. Implications for public health: Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services are a good model for comprehensive primary health care approaches to alcohol control.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool/terapia , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde do Indígena/organização & administração , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool/etnologia , Colonialismo , Humanos , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos , Racismo , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
18.
Med Care ; 57(11): 905-912, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether Medicare data can be used to identify type and degree of collaboration between primary care providers (PCPs) [medical doctors (MDs), nurse practitioners, and physician assistants] in a team care model. METHODS: We surveyed 63 primary care practices in Texas and linked the survey results to 2015 100% Medicare data. We identified PCP dyads of 2 providers in Medicare data and compared the results to those from our survey. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV) of dyads in Medicare data at different threshold numbers of shared patients were reported. We also identified PCPs who work in the same practice by Social Network Analysis (SNA) of Medicare data and compared the results to the surveys. RESULTS: With a cutoff of sharing at least 30 patients, the sensitivity of identifying dyads was 27.8%, specificity was 91.7%, and PPV 72.2%. The PPV was higher for MD-nurse practitioner/physician assistant pairs (84.4%) than for MD-MD pairs (61.5%). At the same cutoff, 90% of PCPs identified in a practice from the survey were also identified by SNA in the corresponding practice. In 5 of 8 surveyed practices with at least 3 PCPs, about ≤20% PCPs identified in the practices by SNA of Medicare data were not identified in the survey. CONCLUSIONS: Medicare data can be used to identify shared care with low sensitivity and high PPV. Community discovery from Medicare data provided good agreement in identifying members of practices. Adapting network analyses in different contexts needs more validation studies.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Colaboração Intersetorial , Profissionais de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistentes Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos de Atenção Primária/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Texas , Estados Unidos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17289, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593081

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic condition characterized by chronic pain, fatigue and loss of function which significantly impairs quality of life. Although treatment of FM remains disputed, some studies point at the efficacy of interdisciplinary therapy. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness, cost-utility and benefits of a multicomponent therapy on quality of life (main variable), functional impact, mood and pain in people suffering from FM that attend primary care centers (PCCs) of the Catalan Institute of Health (ICS). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A 2-phase, mixed methods study has been designed following Medical Research Council guidance. Phase 1: Pragmatic randomized clinical trial with patients diagnosed with FM that attend one of the 11 PCCs of the ICS Gerència Territorial Terres de l'Ebre. We estimate a total sample of 336 patients. The control group will receive usual clinical care, while the multicomponent therapy group (MT group) will receive usual clinical care plus group therapy (consisting of health education, exercise and cognitive-behavioural therapy) during 12 weeks in 2-hourly weekly sessions. ANALYSIS: the standardized mean response and the standardized effect size will be assessed at 3, 9, and 15 months after the beginning of the study using multiple linear regression models. Utility measurements will be used for the economic analysis. Phase 2: Qualitative socio constructivist study to evaluate the intervention according to the results obtained and the opinions and experiences of participants (patients and professionals). We will use theoretical sampling, with 2 discussion groups of participants in the multicomponent therapy and 2 discussion groups of professionals of different PCCs. A thematic content analysis will be carried out. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study protocol has been approved by the Clinical Research Ethics Committee of the Fundació Institut Universitari per a la recerca a l'Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (code P18/068). Articles will be published in international, peer-reviewed scientific journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical-Trials.gov: NCT04049006.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Fibromialgia/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/economia , Terapia Combinada , Análise Custo-Benefício , Terapia por Exercício/economia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fibromialgia/economia , Fibromialgia/psicologia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Cooperação do Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/economia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/economia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
20.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 51(8): 479-485, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185750

RESUMO

Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia de uso de anticoncepción hormonal de solo gestágenos (AHSG) entre las mujeres demandantes de anticoncepción reversible en atención primaria (AP). Diseño: Estudio descriptivo transversal multicéntrico. Emplazamiento: AP de la Comunidad de Madrid. Participantes: Mujeres entre 16-50 años, usuarias de anticoncepción reversible, que hablen español y hubieran acudido en el último año a consulta de AP. Mediciones principales: Encuesta telefónica. Variable principal: método anticonceptivo utilizado: solo gestágenos (sí/no). Edad, paridad, país de origen, tipo de método anticonceptivo (MAC) utilizado, motivo de elección, duración, fuente de información, lugar de obtención, satisfacción con el método. Resultados: 417 mujeres. Edad: media 30,3 años (DE: 7,7). Españolas: 69%, estudios secundarios y universitarios: 82%, nulíparas: 57%. Tipo de MAC utilizado: AHSG 14%, hormonal combinado (AHC): 74%, DIU cobre: 2%, preservativo: 10%. La prevalencia de uso de AHSG fue del 13,9% (IC95%: 10,6-17,2). Entre los AHSG el método más utilizado fue el inyectable trimestral de acetato de medroxiprogesterona (4,6%), píldora oral de desogestrel (4,1%), DIU-LNG (3,9%), implante subdérmico de etonogestrel (1,9%). El médico de familia fue el prescriptor del MAC en el 71% de las mujeres. Satisfacción: alta (mediana 10 sobre 10). Utilizar AHSG se asoció con mayor edad, ser extranjera y motivos de prescripción: lactancia y tener contraindicación médica para AHC (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de uso para la AHSG fue del 14%, la satisfacción fue muy alta para todos los MAC. El perfil de usuaria para la AHSG corresponde a mujer de mayor edad, extranjera y con condiciones como la lactancia o la contraindicación para otros MAC


Aim: To estimate the prevalence of use of progestin-only contraceptive among women who request reversible contraception in Primary Care (PC). Design: Multicentre cross-sectional study. Setting: Primary Care Health Care Centres (Madrid). Participants: Women aged 16-50 years old, users of reversible contraception, who speak Spanish, and had attended the Primary Care Centre in the last year. Main measurements: Primary outcome: contraceptive method used: Contraception with progestins-only (yes/no). Age, parity, country of origin, type of contraceptive method used, reason for choice, source of information, satisfaction with the contraceptive method. Telephone survey. Results: A total of 417 women were interviewed. The median age was 30.3 years (SD: 7.7). Spanish 69%, and 82% of participants had secondary or university studies. More than half (57%) were nulliparous. The type of contraceptive used included: progestins only: 14%, combined hormonal contraceptive: 74%, copper IUD: 2%, and condom 10%. The prevalence of use of "progestins-only" was 13.9% (95%CI: 10.6-17.2). Medroxyprogesterone acetate injection was the most progestin-only method used (4.6%), desogestrel oral pill (4.1%), IUD-levonorgestrel IUD (3.9%), and etonogestrel subdermal implant (1.9%). The family doctor was the prescriber in 71% of the women. Satisfaction: high (range 9-10). Using only progestogens was associated with older age, being non-Spanish, breastfeeding, and having a medical contraindication for combined contraception (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The prevalence of use for progestins was 14%, satisfaction was very high for all contraceptive methods. The user profile for the only progestins-only corresponds to older, and non-Spanish women with conditions such as breastfeeding or contraindications for other contraceptives


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Progestinas/uso terapêutico , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Anticoncepção , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Transversais , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Telefone , Contraindicações de Medicamentos
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