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1.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61(1): 55, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-rheumatic drugs can increase the predisposition to infection, and patients may be unaware of continuing their treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether patients maintain their treatment for rheumatic conditions during the pandemic period and determine the factors responsible for discontinuation. METHODS: Patients were randomly selected from the prospectively collected database of our tertiary referral center. The patients were interviewed by telephone through a standardized closed-ended questionnaire, which is targeting the continuity of the treatment plan and the considerations related to the individual choice. The patients were asked whether they hesitated to visit the hospital for follow-up or intravenous drug administration. RESULTS: A total of 278 patients completed the questionnaire. While 62 of the patients (22.3%) had reduced or interrupted the treatment, only 11 patients (3.9%) stopped the treatment completely. A significant difference was observed between the duration of illness and the discontinuation of treatment. (p = 0.023) There was a significant difference in disease activity between the group that stopped treatment and continued treatment. (p = 0.001) There was no statistically significant difference in other demographic characteristics. One hundred thirty-five patients (48.6%) made the treatment decision by themselves, and 80% continued the treatment. Reasons for stopping the treatment were anxiety (48.4%), not being able to go to the hospital for intravenous treatment (45.1%), and not being able to find the drug (6.5%). CONCLUSION: Since patients with long-term illnesses were found to be significantly more likely to stop their treatment, this group of patients should be monitored.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Suspensão de Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/provisão & distribuição , Ansiedade , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Bases de Dados Factuais , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Reumáticas/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e27068, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477140

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Many veterans have negative views about the service connection claims process for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which likely impacts willingness to file service connection claims, re-file claims, and use Veterans Healthcare Administration care. Nevertheless, veterans have reported that PTSD claims are important to them for the financial benefits, validation of prior experience and harm, and self-other issues such as pleasing a significant other. It is unknown if reported attitudes are specific to PTSD claimants or if they would be similar to those submitting claims for other disorders, such as musculoskeletal disorders. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare attitudes and beliefs about service connection processes between veterans submitting service connection claims for PTSD and musculoskeletal disorders.Participants were Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation New Dawn veterans filing service connection claims for PTSD (n = 218) or musculoskeletal disorder (n = 257) who completed a modified Disability Application Appraisal Inventory. This secondary data analysis using multiple regression models tested the effect of demographics, clinical characteristics, and claim type on 5 Disability Application Appraisal Inventory subscales: Knowledge about service connection claims, Negative Expectations about the process, and importance of Financial Benefits, importance of Validation of veteran's experience/condition, and importance of Self-Other attitudes.The PTSD group assigned significantly less importance to financial benefits than the musculoskeletal disorder group. In addition, the subset of the PTSD group without depression had significantly more Negative Expectations than musculoskeletal disorder claimants without depression. Negative Expectations did not differ between the PTSD and musculoskeletal disorder groups with depression. Depression was significantly positively associated with Negative Expectations, importance of Financial Benefits, and importance of Validation.Most perceptions around seeking service connection are not specific to PTSD claimants. Depression is associated with having negative expectations about service connection claims and motivations to file claims. Addressing depression and negative expectations during the compensation and pension process might help veterans at this important point of contact with Veterans Healthcare Administration services.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Ajuda a Veteranos Incapacitados/normas , Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/complicações , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs/organização & administração , United States Department of Veterans Affairs/estatística & dados numéricos , Ajuda a Veteranos Incapacitados/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257096, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499673

RESUMO

Bangladesh govt. launched a nationwide vaccination drive against SARS-CoV-2 infection from early February 2021. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccines and examine the factors associated with the acceptance in Bangladesh. In between January 30 to February 6, 2021, we conducted a web-based anonymous cross-sectional survey among the Bangladeshi general population. At the start of the survey, there was a detailed consent section that explained the study's intent, the types of questions we would ask, the anonymity of the study, and the study's voluntary nature. The survey only continued when a respondent consented, and the answers were provided by the respondents themselves. The multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the factors that influence the acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccination. A total of 605 eligible respondents took part in this survey (population size 1630046161 and required sample size 591) with an age range of 18 to 100. A large proportion of the respondents are aged less than 50 (82%) and male (62.15%). The majority of the respondents live in urban areas (60.83%). A total of 61.16% (370/605) of the respondents were willing to accept/take the COVID-19 vaccine. Among the accepted group, only 35.14% showed the willingness to take the COVID-19 vaccine immediately, while 64.86% would delay the vaccination until they are confirmed about the vaccine's efficacy and safety or COVID-19 becomes deadlier in Bangladesh. The regression results showed age, gender, location (urban/rural), level of education, income, perceived risk of being infected with COVID-19 in the future, perceived severity of infection, having previous vaccination experience after age 18, having higher knowledge about COVID-19 and vaccination were significantly associated with the acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines. The research reported a high prevalence of COVID-19 vaccine refusal and hesitancy in Bangladesh. To diminish the vaccine hesitancy and increase the uptake, the policymakers need to design a well-researched immunization strategy to remove the vaccination barriers. To improve vaccine acceptance among people, false rumors and misconceptions about the COVID-19 vaccines must be dispelled (especially on the internet) and people must be exposed to the actual scientific facts.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19/psicologia , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cultura , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recusa de Vacinação
4.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 26(7): 246-252, 2021 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340271

RESUMO

Individuals with COPD are at higher risk of severe disease and mortality if they contract COVID-19. Shielding and social distancing have negatively impacted the delivery of routine care for COPD patients, which should be maintained to avoid further deterioration. We aimed to review the literature about the key toolkits of non-pharmacological treatments of COPD patients before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, we focused on smoking cessation, pulmonary rehabilitation, and telehealth delivery approaches during the COVID-19 crisis. Smoking cessation services are important to mitigate the spread of the virus, especially in people with chronic lung disease; the pandemic, in one way or another, has helped to enhance people's motivation to quit smoking. Also, tele-rehabilitation is considered as effective as conventional pulmonary rehabilitation in controlling symptoms of disease, promoting physical activity, and enhancing self-management of COPD. Tele-rehabilitation offers flexibility and it could be the dominant mode for providing a pulmonary rehabilitation programme. Finally, the use of telehealth (TH) modes has trended during the pandemic. Consensus about the effectiveness of TH in reducing exacerbation events is still inconclusive. In the context of COPD, further clinical research must concentrate on understanding attitudes, behaviours, and motivations towards smoking cessation. Further recommendations include gauging the feasibility of a long-term tele-rehabilitation programme in large COPD populations, designing more COPD-related mobile apps, and evaluating the feasibility of tele-rehabilitation in clinical practice.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19/virologia , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/psicologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Telemedicina
5.
Lancet Digit Health ; 3(9): e599-e611, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446266

RESUMO

Artificial intelligence (AI) promises to change health care, with some studies showing proof of concept of a provider-level performance in various medical specialties. However, there are many barriers to implementing AI, including patient acceptance and understanding of AI. Patients' attitudes toward AI are not well understood. We systematically reviewed the literature on patient and general public attitudes toward clinical AI (either hypothetical or realised), including quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods original research articles. We searched biomedical and computational databases from Jan 1, 2000, to Sept 28, 2020, and screened 2590 articles, 23 of which met our inclusion criteria. Studies were heterogeneous regarding the study population, study design, and the field and type of AI under study. Six (26%) studies assessed currently available or soon-to-be available AI tools, whereas 17 (74%) assessed hypothetical or broadly defined AI. The quality of the methods of these studies was mixed, with a frequent issue of selection bias. Overall, patients and the general public conveyed positive attitudes toward AI but had many reservations and preferred human supervision. We summarise our findings in six themes: AI concept, AI acceptability, AI relationship with humans, AI development and implementation, AI strengths and benefits, and AI weaknesses and risks. We suggest guidance for future studies, with the goal of supporting the safe, equitable, and patient-centred implementation of clinical AI.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Atitude Frente aos Computadores , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Pacientes/psicologia , Opinião Pública , Humanos
8.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 348, 2021.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367427

RESUMO

Introduction: since its appearance, the COVID-19 has exhausted global health systems. It was predictable that countries with weak health systems will be severly wiped out by the pandemic. Countries across Europe faced severe human loses and it was foreseable that Africa will experience an even worse tragedy. Suprisingly, since the evolution of the pandemic, there has been remarkable resistance from African countries, including Cameroon. Method: the study was phenomenographic. The data were collected successively from media observations (in particular the WHO site, national TV (CRTV) programs 'Parlons COVID'), social networks - Facebook and Whatsapp) and direct observations of some quarters of Garoua (Roumdé-Adjia, Foulbéré, Kakataré) and Mora for the Far North and the southern zone of Yaoundé (Ngoa-Ekelé, Nkolondom, Mokolo). These observations were associated with individual interview, reviews and note-taking around places of public circulation (places of worship, markets and discussion sites (Faada). The theory of functionalism was mobilized in this study. Results: the results show that Cameroonians perceive the pandemic as an eminently metasocial phenomenon which explains their tendency to use prayers, nature to counter this attack. Conclusion: the study suggests that a multidimensional approach is capable of offering avenues of « liberation ¼. Also, the study once again raises the place of traditional medecine in health systems and shows the close link that exists between traditional medicine and spirituality.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Antropologia Cultural , Camarões/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pobreza , Religião , Fatores Sociológicos , Saúde da População Urbana
9.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 612894, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335137

RESUMO

Objectives: This study validated a person-centred maternity care (PCMC) scale and assessed perception of PCMC and its associated factors among post-partum women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 450 post-partum women in two districts in Enugu State, Nigeria, using a 30-item PCMC scale. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, descriptive, bivariate and Generalized Linear Models analyses were conducted. Results: Twenty-two items were retained in the PCMC scale with high internal reliability and goodness-of-fit indices. About 25% of women received high PCMC. Marrying at 20-29 years (ß = 3.46, ρ = 0.017) and 30-49 years (ß = -5.56, ρ = 0.020); self-employment (ß = -7.50, ρ = 0.005); marrying government worker (ß = 7.12, ρ = 0.020); starting antenatal care in the third trimester (ß = -6.78, ρ = 0.003); high participation in decision-making (ß = -10.41, ρ < 0.001); domestic violence experience (ß = 3.60, ρ = 0.007); delivery at health centre (ß = 18.10, ρ < 0.001), private/mission hospital (ß = 4.01, ρ = 0.003), by non-skilled attendant (ß = -16.55, ρ < 0.001) and community health worker (ß = -10.30, ρ < 0.001); and pregnancy complication (ß = 4.37, ρ = 0.043) influenced PCMC. Conclusion: The PCMC scale is valid and reliable in Nigeria. PCMC requires improvement in Enugu State. This study identified factors that may be considered for inclusion in intervention strategies.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Período Pós-Parto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
10.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 29(Special Issue): 736-742, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327954

RESUMO

Despite the unfolding of the COVID-19 pandemic, the rate of involvement of Russians in vaccination remains low, which makes the study of attitudes to this technology particularly relevant. Based on the results of the author's empirical research and data from mass surveys of the Foundation "Public Opinion" and All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion, the article assesses the attitude of residents of our country to immunoprophylaxis against coronavirus. The study revealed that vaccination attitudes are a continuum, and the perception of vaccination against a new virus is associated in Russians with seasonal flu shots, and not with the National Vaccination Calendar. Today, the attitude towards immunoprophylaxis against COVID-19 in Russia can be characterized as distrust of a specific vaccine and approval of vaccination in general as an effective technology for combating epidemics. The key strategy is «waiting¼, and the choice of a personal trajectory of health care is driven by a broader trend of individualization and transformation of traditional social ties.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19 , Vacinação/psicologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pandemias , Federação Russa
11.
Anthropol Med ; 28(3): 374-394, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293968

RESUMO

Drawing on participant observation and interviews in two yoga studios in the highly socially stratified city of Marseille, France, this paper explores the understandings of yoga as a health practice that emerge at the intersections between yoga styles and their social contexts of consumption. Its insights emerge from the comparison of three modern yoga styles that were developed for Western English-speaking cultural contexts - Iyengar, Bikram and Forrest - and which differ in form but also in the chronology of their emergence on the global yoga market and that of their reception in France. These three yoga styles are also branded through contrasting mythologies of transformational healing, and the aim of this paper is to explore how a brand conceptualization of yoga as a health practice relates to or resonates with the embodied experiences of practitioners, and to the socio-cultural contexts in which practitioners and their practices are embedded. The paper contributes a new case study to the global yoga scholarship and to a poorly studied French yoga scene, but more importantly, it cross-examines the discourses through which a yoga style is branded, the way it is transmitted, and the social context and social positioning of the individuals who practice it. Combining perspectives on the body, narrative and rituals, it identifies how yoga healing is construed in relation to gender, ethnicity and class and the points of consensus and dissent that emerge from the encounters between French social bodies and exogenous yoga styles.


Assuntos
Ioga , Antropologia Médica , Atitude Frente a Saúde/etnologia , Feminino , França/etnologia , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Anthropol Med ; 28(3): 297-319, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293977

RESUMO

This paper explores the capacity of yoga narratives and practices to contribute to and relate ideas about health. It adds theoretically to existing literature on yoga by introducing the concept of the 'health imaginary' as an analytic lens for considering yoga discourses in late modern times, where personal health care and spiritual ambitions are once again becoming blurred. With this perspective, the paper provides a thorough analysis of how yoga postures (asanas) are conceived to work therapeutically, in yoga's recent history and in present-day yoga therapy. Taking case studies from India and Germany, it is shown empirically how the application of asanas is rationalized differently in specific geographical and therapeutic environments - particularly regarding the presumed theory of the body. Thus, the concept of the health imaginary not only provides analytic space to explore the implicit logics and goals of healing in different contexts, but also offers clues about the distinct social, cultural/religious, and local influences that draw people into yoga and contribute to its selective appropriation across the globe.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Ioga , Antropologia Médica , Alemanha , Humanos , Índia , Terapias Mente-Corpo/métodos , Terapias Mente-Corpo/psicologia , Postura
15.
Chiropr Man Therap ; 29(1): 27, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presents with physical, emotional and social difficulties that affect quality of life. Multimodal management includes both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies, and pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) plays an important role. Recent research has suggested that manual therapies may improve perceptions of dyspnea for people with COPD. METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted as part of a mixed methods study to assess the feasibility of implementing a manual therapy technique-muscle energy technique (MET)-as an adjunct to PR for people with moderate to severe COPD. Focus group interviews were conducted to examine trial participants views of the intervention and the trial design. A thematic analysis was undertaken to explore the data. RESULTS: Twelve participants with moderate to severe COPD participated in three focus groups. Participants were motivated to participate in the trial to be proactive about their health. They perceived MET to be a gentle, comfortable form of stretching that allowed them to 'breathe easier' and prepared them for PR. A small number of participants reported mild muscular discomfort during MET, but this was short-lasting and was not bothersome. Participants enjoyed the one-on-one contact with researchers and learned more about their breathing while performing spirometric testing. Most participants wanted longer and more frequent MET sessions, and some requested 'homework' stretching exercises. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study show that a manual therapy intervention was received well by participants in a clinical trial setting. A small number of participants reported mild musculoskeletal discomfort in relation to the MET treatment. Participant preferences for additional and longer treatment sessions should be carefully considered against available resources in future clinical trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ANZCTR, ACTRN12618000801213. Registered 11 May 2018 - Retrospectively registered. http://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=374643&isReview=true.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Terapia Respiratória/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0255392, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examines the association between food insecurity and mental health of women during the COVID-19 pandemic in a resource poor setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected at two time-points (wave 1 and 2) from 2402 women, one per household, participating in a larger study during extended COVID-19 lockdown in the rural areas of the southwest region of Bangladesh. The primary outcome of the analyses is the association between food insecurity, measured using the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES), and stress level, measured using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), for women during the lockdown. General awareness about COVID-19 and attitude towards prescribed preventive measures were also measured since COVID-19 health concerns could exacerbate food insecurity. RESULTS: An individual-level evaluation of the effect of wave 2 FIES score on PSS score showed that worsening of the food security status increasing the stress level of the participants (95% CI: 1.61; 2.13; p-value: <0.001). Additionally, a significant negative association was observed between the PSS score and change in food security status between the two waves (Coefficient: -1.15, 95% CI: -1.30; -0.99, p-value: <0.001), indicating that deterioration in food security status over the pandemic period increasing the stress level. At the village level, the results showed a similar pattern. General awareness around ways coronavirus spreads was high, yet there were misperceptions at a higher level. Maintaining hand hygiene, wearing face masks outside the home, and going outside only when necessary were widely practised. Fewer respondents could maintain a 1.5-metre distance from others in the outside and maintained cough and sneeze etiquette. CONCLUSION: The results indicate a higher stress level, a potential contributor to poor mental health, as food insecurity deteriorated. Policy initiatives in ameliorating immediate food insecurity during crises, improving long-term wellbeing, and expanding the reach of mental health support are warranted.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Bangladesh , Países em Desenvolvimento , Características da Família , Feminino , Insegurança Alimentar , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distanciamento Físico
17.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199960

RESUMO

Young adults are constantly exposed to energy-dense, nutrient-poor food and beverages, particularly through advertising. Exposure can influence poor food choices and negatively impact health. This study aimed to understand young adults' attitudes and experiences associated with food-related advertisements, particularly on social media. This qualitative analysis involved n = 166 Australian 18 to 24-year-olds who were involved in a four-week online conversation on different areas relating to health, social media, and eating. Inductive thematic analysis was utilised on two forums on the recall and perceptions of food-related advertisements. Young adults commonly mentioned aspects of the marketing mix (promotion, product, price, and place) in food advertisements. Participants were more readily able to recall energy-dense, nutrient-poor food advertisements compared to healthy food-related advertisements. Digital advertisements were often discussed alongside the use of ad-blockers and algorithms which tailored their social media viewing to what they like. Participants felt constant exposure to unhealthy food advertisements hindered their ability to realise healthy eating behaviours and created feelings of guilt. This current analysis highlights the need to provide an advertising environment that appropriately motivates healthy eating and a food environment that allows healthy food to be the affordable and convenient option.


Assuntos
Publicidade , Alimentos , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Feminino , Indústria Alimentícia , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Nutritivo , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237803

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of masks and plastic partitions on patient-doctor communication and subjective anxiety for infection in patients with psychiatric disorders.Methods: Subjects were patients who visited a psychiatric clinic in Japan from April 27 to August 31, 2020. Anxiety of being infected and the psychological barrier to communication were evaluated on a 5-point scale.Results: The final analysis included 425 patients. Most participants answered that there was no change with regard to communication when the doctor was wearing a mask (n = 353, 91.0%) or using a plastic partition (n = 318, 82.8%). Most participants responded that anxiety for being infected was very mild, a little mild, or not changed by the doctor wearing a mask and using a plastic partition. Most participants felt significantly less anxiety with the doctor wearing a mask/using a plastic partition before than after the state of emergency declaration (P = .005 for mask and P < .001 for plastic partition). Participants in the older age range felt significantly higher anxiety compared to those in the younger and middle age range groups from doctors wearing masks (P < .001) and compared to those in the middle age range group from plastic partitions (P = .001).Conclusions: Use of masks and plastic partitions in psychiatric practice is recommended, as it may result in reduction of anxiety for infection without affecting patient-doctor communication in patients with psychiatric disorders. The generalizability of the results of the present study should be tested.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Máscaras , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes/psicologia , Relações Médico-Paciente , Equipamentos de Proteção , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hospitais Psiquiátricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ambulatório Hospitalar , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281036

RESUMO

A large university in Queensland, Australia with a diverse staff and student community introduced a campus wide smoke-free policy in 2016. The purpose of this enquiry was to understand attitudes about a new smoke-free policy, its potential impact and the shift in social norms and organizational culture to inform the next phase of implementation. An electronic survey was distributed to all staff and students approximately 12 weeks after the smoke-free policy was implemented. The survey consisted of multiple-choice questions about demographics, smoking behaviour, attitudes towards smoking and tobacco control, awareness of the smoke-free policy, and attitudes towards the effect of a completely smoke-free campus on quality of life, learning and enrolment. The survey was completed by 641 university staff and students. Respondents reported seeking out (80.4%) and socialising in smoke-free environments (86.6%) and supported smoke-free buildings (96.1%), indoor areas (91.6%), and outdoor areas (79%). The results revealed overwhelming support for a completely smoke-free campus (83%) and minority support for designated smoking areas (31%). Overall, respondents reflected positively towards a campus wide smoke-free policy. These findings suggest Queensland's early adoption of tobacco control laws influenced the social environment, de-normalised smoking, changed behaviour, preference for smoke-free environments and shifted social norms. These findings provide convincing evidence for organisational change and suggest health promotion policy makers should progress the implementation of smoke-free policies nationally across the higher education sector.


Assuntos
Política Antifumo , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Austrália , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Cultura Organizacional , Qualidade de Vida , Queensland , Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar , Normas Sociais , Estudantes , Universidades
20.
PLoS Biol ; 19(7): e3001369, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319972

RESUMO

There is a troubling new expansion of antiscience aggression in the United States. It's arising from far-right extremism, including some elected members of the US Congress and conservative news outlets that target prominent biological scientists fighting the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Agressão , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Ciência/estatística & dados numéricos , Movimento contra Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Política , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Ciência/tendências , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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