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1.
Waste Manag ; 101: 18-27, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586873

RESUMO

A survey, based on an expanded Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), was used to indirectly measure self-reported food wasting and its behavioral determinants. This was complemented with directly and objectively measured food waste in curbside garbage samples. Households (n = 189) reported throwing out avoidable food waste a mean of 5.48 times (SD = 5.58) and 6.63 portions (SD = 6.61) the week prior to completing the survey. These same households threw out a mean of 2,783 g/week of food waste (SD = 2,664) in a curbside garbage sample, with 63.27% of this consisting of avoidable food waste. There were weak to fair correlations between self-reported and curbside food waste samples. The direction and level of significance of all correlations of TPB behavioral determinants with self-reported and curbside food waste samples were similar, although the correlation coefficients were higher for self-reported food wasting. A linear regression (R2 = 0.34, p < 0.001) on self-reported avoidable food waste frequency demonstrated that it was significantly (p < 0.05) associated with perceived behavioral control, personal attitude, number of people per household, gender and employment status. This was contrasted with a linear regression (R2 = 0.19, p < 0.001) on curbside avoidable food waste which was also significantly (p < 0.05) associated with perceived behavioral control and number of people per household, but also housing tenure type (owner-occupancy vs tenancy) and the good provider identity. In general, self-reported results should be used with caution as they may underestimate food waste disposal and consideration should be given to supplement, if not replace, them with direct measurement of food waste disposal.


Assuntos
Resíduos de Alimentos , Eliminação de Resíduos , Atitude , Alimentos , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Waste Manag ; 101: 116-125, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610473

RESUMO

Based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB), this article analyses how conscientiousness and risk perception influence consumers' behavior intentions in regard to smartphone recycling. We carried out field research in Anhui Province, China and collected 802 valid questionnaires as basic data for this study. The empirical results of structural equation model (SEM) indicate that conscientiousness is positively related to attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control towards smartphone recycling, while attitude, subjective norm, and past behavior are positively related to smartphone recycling intention. Attitude and subjective norm mediate the relationship between conscientiousness and smartphone recycling intention. In addition, we found that risk perception moderates the relationships between conscientiousness and attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and past behavior. Theoretical and practical implications, limitations of the study, and future directions are discussed.


Assuntos
Smartphone , Atitude , China , Intenção , Teoria Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Waste Manag ; 101: 291-300, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648170

RESUMO

Preparation for reuse (PfR) is a fundamental waste management practice that is second only to prevention in the waste hierarchy. The paper, building on advertising literature, investigates how to leverage the pro-social nature of this option for giving products that have become waste a second life. To examine how advertising strategies based on emotional, functional or combined stimuli can be used to increase intention to buy these items, we carried out an experiment on 507 actual visitors a PfR items shop run by a social cooperative in Northern Italy. We found that, depending on consumers' social involvement, both emotional and functional stimuli based on the social impact of preparation for reuse tend to outperform functional stimuli and have a positive impact on brand attitudes by shaping attitudes to advertisements. Purchasing behaviour has a positive impact on attitudes toward the PfR organization and moderates the effect of emotional and combines stimuli on attitudes toward the advertisement. Since emotional stimuli can be freely used by both legitimated and opportunistic companies, the former should seek to preserve their value proposition by making it easier for consumers to recognise actually trustworthy organizations. This is possible combining the use of advertisements with the development of solid customer relationships. To this end, awareness campaigns, closer relationships with stakeholders and third-party verifiable standards and certifications should be considered to reduce the risk of "social washing" in the current second-hand market context.


Assuntos
Publicidade como Assunto , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Atitude , Comportamento do Consumidor , Humanos , Itália
4.
J Environ Manage ; 253: 109722, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666215

RESUMO

Improvement of the sound environment is essential for improving the overall quality of the urban environment and for reflecting the characteristics of a city. Unfortunately, some soundscapes in cities are gradually being destroyed by the rapid development. Therefore, it would appear that the preservation of soundscapes is as necessary and crucial as noise control in cities. In this paper two field studies were carried out at two stages to explore the types and characteristics of urban soundscapes that should be preserved, based on the example of Tianjin, China. At stage one, 2504 respondents participated in social surveys to recommend the soundscapes worthy of preservation in the city. At stage two, a group soundscape walk with twenty-three participants was carried out to explore the characteristics of soundscapes worthy of preservation suggested by the respondents at the first stage. The following results were obtained: (1) regarding the attitude towards the urgency of soundscape preservation, 79% of the respondents thought it was urgent or very urgent, with an average score of 4.04 (five-point numeric scale was used and five meant very urgent). (2) The majority of soundscapes worthy of preservation were located in urban parks and historic districts with respective proportions of 66% and 20%. The top three sound source categories of these soundscapes were social/communal sounds (talking, bells, laughter, and sounds from human activities), animal sounds (birdsong and sounds from non-domesticated animals) and water sounds. (3) Relaxation, vibrancy, representativeness, strength, and richness were principal characteristics of the soundscapes worthy of preservation. (4) Based on their characteristics, these soundscapes were classified into five clusters using hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). They were clusters of relaxing nature soundscape, vibrant nature soundscape, vibrant human activity soundscape, culture-related soundscape and traditional soundscape. The dominant characteristic of each cluster was driven by its sound mark rather than the dominant sound.


Assuntos
Parques Recreativos , Som , Animais , Atitude , China , Cidades , Humanos
5.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 37(4): 350-359, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710009

RESUMO

Background: The goal of any good dental treatment is to provide a quality dental care to the patient. This may not be possible if the patient is unwilling to cooperate or unable to do so due to their age or related factors. In such children, behavior management techniques are very helpful. With changing times, there have been changes in the law and the outlook of parents and society toward dental treatment. This influences the various behavior management methods used by pediatric dentists. Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the attitudes of parents of children of different pediatric age groups towards: Behavior management techniques used by pediatric dentists The effect of maternal anxiety on the child's behavior in clinic Pharmacological behavior management techniques The effect of parental presence in the operatory on the child's behavior. Materials and Methods: Three hundred parents were evaluated and divided into three groups comprising 100 each on the basis of their children's age, Group A: 2-5 years, Group B: 6-9 years, and Group C: 10-13 years, which were further divided into two subgroups, on the basis of the child's gender, with each subgroup having parents of 50 male and 50 female children each. For example, Group A1: 50 parents of 2-5-year-old boys, Group A2: 50 parents of 2-5-year-old girls. Results: ANOVA test showed different hierarchies of acceptance for the techniques in all the groups. In all the three groups, tell show do, positive reinforcement, and live modeling were the most accepted techniques. However, statistically significant difference between the groups was not observed for the three techniques. The least accepted techniques for all the groups were hand over mouth technique and voice control technique. Conclusion: Parents were more receptive of those techniques which were visually more acceptable involving a communicative management, such as tell show do, positive reinforcement, and live modeling.


Assuntos
Odontopediatria , Restrição Física , Atitude , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pais
6.
Georgian Med News ; (294): 150-155, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687969

RESUMO

The aim of this study were to investigate the attitude of university students on the environmental issues, analyze the information received and develop measures for the participation of students in environmental health-improving and preventive activities.. The qualitative study was conducted by using face to face interviewing method with university students. Environmental pollution is one of the most important threats in Georgia and arount the world. The immediate objects of pollution are land, water, soil, air, which directly affects human health and worsens it. The participants have favorable attitudes toward the environment, but they are less involved in environmental activities. Basically these measures are limited to the so-called one-time campaigns. Based on the results, it is recommended the development of integrated measures and schemes to stimulate student participation in the implementation of socially active algorithms to improve the environment.


Assuntos
Atitude , Saúde Ambiental/educação , Poluição Ambiental , Estudantes/psicologia , República da Geórgia , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pesquisa Qualitativa
8.
Anaesthesia ; 74(12): 1580-1588, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637700

RESUMO

Pre-operative intervention to improve general health and readiness for surgery is known as prehabilitation. Modification of risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, hazardous alcohol consumption and an unhealthy weight can reduce the risk of peri-operative morbidity and improve patient outcomes. Interventions may need to target multiple risk behaviours. The acceptability to patients is unclear. We explored motivation, confidence and priority for changing health behaviours before surgery for short-term peri-operative health benefits in comparison with long-term general health benefits. A total of 299 participants at three UK hospital Trusts completed a structured questionnaire. We analysed participant baseline characteristics and risk behaviour profiles using independent sample t-tests and odds ratios. Ratings of motivation, confidence and priority were analysed using paired sample t-tests. We identified a substantial prevalence of risk behaviours in this surgical population, and clustering of multiple behaviours in 42.1% of participants. Levels of motivation, confidence and priority for increasing physical activity, weight management and reducing alcohol consumption were higher for peri-operative vs. longer term benefits. There was no difference for smoking cessation, and participants reported lower confidence for achieving this compared with other behaviours. Participants were also more confident than motivated in reducing their alcohol consumption pre-operatively. Overall, confidence ratings were lower than motivation levels in both the short- and long-term. This study identifies both substantial patient desire to modify behaviours for peri-operative benefit and the need for structured pre-operative support. These results provide objective evidence in support of a 'pre-operative teachable moment', and of patients' desire to change behaviours for health benefits in the short term.


Assuntos
Atitude , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Período Pré-Operatório , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Terapia Comportamental , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido , Perda de Peso , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Environ Qual ; 48(5): 1176-1190, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589709

RESUMO

Phosphorus (P) plays a crucial role in agriculture as a primary fertilizer nutrient-and as a cause of the eutrophication of surface waters. Despite decades of efforts to keep P on agricultural fields and reduce losses to waterways, frequent algal blooms persist, triggering not only ecological disruption but also economic, social, and political consequences. We investigate historical and persistent factors affecting agricultural P mitigation in a transect of major watersheds across North America: Lake Winnipeg, Lake Erie, the Chesapeake Bay, and Lake Okeechobee/Everglades. These water bodies span 26 degrees of latitude, from the cold climate of central Canada to the subtropics of the southeastern United States. These water bodies and their associated watersheds have tracked trajectories of P mitigation that manifest remarkable similarities, and all have faced challenges in the application of science to agricultural management that continue to this day. An evolution of knowledge and experience in watershed P mitigation calls into question uniform solutions as well as efforts to transfer strategies from other arenas. As a result, there is a need to admit to shortcomings of past approaches, plotting a future for watershed P mitigation that accepts the sometimes two-sided nature of Hennig Brandt's "Devil's Element."


Assuntos
Eutrofização , Fósforo , Agricultura , Atitude , Canadá , América do Norte , Sudeste dos Estados Unidos
10.
J Dent Hyg ; 93(5): 15-22, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628172

RESUMO

Purpose: Color-blind racial attitudes and biases have been linked to racial prejudice which may potentially affect dental hygiene care to diverse patients. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the color-blind racial attitudes of dental hygiene students.Methods: A 20-item, Color-Blind Racial Attitudes Scale (CoBRAS) electronic survey was sent to a convenience sample of 41 first-year and 30 second-year dental hygiene students (n=71) in a dental hygiene program in Virginia. The CoBRAS instrument measures contemporary racial attitudes and stereotyping in three subcategories: Unawareness of Racial Privilege, Institutional Discrimination, and Blatant Racial Issues. CoBRAS scores range from 20-120, with higher scores indicating elevated levels of denial of racism. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data.Results: Of the 71 students invited to participate, 70 completed the survey (n=70) for a 98.6% response rate. The majority of respondents were White females (70%, 98% respectively), aged 18-29 (90%). Results indicated an overall average CoBRAS score of 64.89. No statistically significant findings were identified between the two groups in regards to overall scores (p>0.05).Conclusion: A majority of the participants in this pilot study possessed moderate levels of color-blind racial attitudes, suggesting rejection of the concept of racism. Color-blind racial attitudes and biases have been linked to a lack of awareness of White privilege. Further education in this area may foster improved interactions with diverse patient populations.


Assuntos
Higiene Bucal , Estudantes de Odontologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude , Higienistas Dentários , Feminino , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Virginia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 24(6): e752-e758, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The implantologists frequently prescribe antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in dental implant surgery. The aims of this study were to evaluate the attitudes of implantologists in Murcia (Spain) to prescribing antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in healthy patients during different implant dentistry procedures, and to see how these are influenced by individual dentist's academic level, professional experience, and ongoing training (attending courses or reading scientific literature on medication use). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 200 implantologists from the Murcia area (Spain), who each completed a two-page questionnaire consisting of 26 questions. RESULTS: The implant procedure in which most dentists (n=97) prescribed antibiotics was multiple implant surgery with flap raising, in which 55.6% of these 97 respondents used a prophylactic antibiotic regime for 7 days after implant placement. All subjects (n=200) prescribed analgesics for eight out of the eleven procedures included in the survey and anti-inflammatories in six. Dentists with higher academic levels or longer professional experience prescribed more antibiotics, but those who underwent continuous training (attending courses or reading scientific literature) reduced antibiotic prescription. CONCLUSIONS: Dentists often prescribed antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in almost all implant procedures in healthy patients, but ongoing training reduced the frequency of antibiotic prescription in some procedures.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , Analgésicos , Anti-Inflamatórios , Atitude , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Espanha
12.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(4): 752-761, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599237

RESUMO

Tobacco is an important public health problem of Bangladesh having both high production and consumption. Police are engaged in enforcement of the tobacco control law. For effective enforcement of national tobacco control law (NTCL), they should have sound knowledge of tobacco control law and their attitude to the tobacco control law must be a positive one. The objective of the study was to explore the status of knowledge and attitude regarding national tobacco control law and practice of tobacco smoking among Bangladesh Police. The descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among 440 members of Bangladesh Police during the period of March 2015 to November 2015. Police personnel of different ranks were interviewed randomly using a semi-structured questionnaire from the selected SP offices, police lines, police stations and police camps. Among the respondents 414(94.1%) were male and 26(5.9%) were female. About half (214, 48.6%) of the respondents never smoked in life, while 226(51.4%) smoked in life even one or two puffs. There was no female among the ever smokers. One quarter (114, 25.9%) of the respondents ever smoked but quitted and 112(25.4%) respondents were currently smoker. Among the current smokers 31(7.0%) were occasional, while 81 (18.4%) were daily smoker. It was observed that there was lack of knowledge among police personnel regarding various rules and clauses of national tobacco control law. Most of the respondents (434, 98.6%) showed positive attitude regarding rationality of prohibition of smoking in public places and public transports. The most of the respondents (418, 95.0%) agreed that there should not be any advertisement of tobacco products in cinema hall, radio and television channel. A highest majority (377, 85.7%) of the respondents gave their opinion that Government should increase taxes on tobacco products. Most of the respondents (433, 94.4%) opined against the selling of tobacco products to the minor. Almost every respondent (436, 99.1%) wanted proper implementation of tobacco control law. Nearly half of the respondents (213, 48.4%) thought that smoking among police was one of the obstacles in effective implementation of tobacco control law. An overwhelming majority of the respondents (435, 98.9%) agreed that police personnel should not smoke tobacco for keeping their health and fitness and thereby for better performance. Almost all respondents (436, 99.1%) gave a positive opinion that police personnel may be a role model for the public by not smoking tobacco. Most of the respondents (427, 97.1%) think that orientation or training program on tobacco control law should be arranged for police personnel. More than one fourth (25.5%) of the police personnel in Bangladesh are currently smokers and this should be intervened. Smoke-free police station initiative is started but not being 100% implemented. Lack of knowledge regarding various rules and clauses of NTCL was sufficient enough to draw intervention in this regard. Positive attitude of police personnel towards NTCL and smoke free police station initiative will help to implement tobacco control law properly.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Polícia , Fumar/legislação & jurisprudência , Tabaco , Atitude , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fumar/psicologia
13.
Bull Cancer ; 106(11): 959-968, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623835

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Totally implanted venous access (TIVA) improves the safety and welfare of patients treated with cancer chemotherapy (CCT). We aimed to evaluate patients' perception of TIVA placement, TIVA use, and information on TIVA, and to assess the association between patients' perception and their attitude regarding a potential TIVA re-implantation. METHODS: We conducted a single center cross-sectional survey in a university hospital in Northern France. Patients included were consecutive urologic or digestive cancer inpatients admitted for a CCT cycle via TIVA between April 9th and May 9th 2014. We analyzed patients' satisfaction, experience, and attitude, especially when requiring potential TIVA re-implantation under local anesthesia (LA), using a standardized questionnaire and medical records. We analyzed risk factors for refusing potential TIVA re-implantation under LA using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Eighty-one patients were interviewed (no refusals), including 57 with a TIVA device placed under LA in our university hospital. Among them, 52/57 (91%) reported satisfactory TIVA placement, but respectively 21/57 (37%) and 18/57 (32%) complained of painful or uncomfortable TIVA placement; 51/57 (89%) were satisfied with care provided during CCT cycles. Risk factors for refusing potential re-implantation under LA were: TIVA placement considered painful (P=0.012) or uncomfortable (P=0.038) and dissatisfaction with care provided during CCT cycles (P=0.028). DISCUSSION: We show that despite good overall satisfaction regarding TIVA, some aspects were less positive and warrant improvement actions. It suggests that these actions could not only improve patients' experience of TIVA use but could also facilitate continuation of treatment in the long term.


Assuntos
Atitude , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Neoplasias Urológicas/psicologia , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Local , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Processual/etiologia , Análise de Regressão , Retratamento/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/psicologia , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular/efeitos adversos
15.
BMJ ; 366: l5395, 2019 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519549
16.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(3): 409-414, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559795

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Employees performing work underground in coal mines are exposed to the effect of many hazardous factors in their work environment which negatively affect their health. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to recognize the opinions of employes working underground in one of the coal mines concerning the occurrence of factors hazardous for health in their work environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in a group of 700 persons working underground in the 'Bogdanka' coal mine in Leczna (Eastern Poland). The study was carried out using a questionnaire. The results were statistically analyzed using software STATISTICA v. 7.1. RESULTS: The vast majority of respondents (approximately 80%) reported that noise and dustiness at their workplace create risk for their health. More than a half of them mentioned that the microclimate in the mine threatens their health (high humidity and high temperature), and a half of respondents indicated vibration and poor lighting. The greatest differences of opinions concerning the effect of hazardous factors on health of persons employed in the mine were observed in the sub-groups distinguished according to the work position. Health risk at a workplace was most often identified by those employed as miners. CONCLUSIONS: Among actions reducing the negative effect of the work environment on health is the introduction of new, safer technologies of coal mining. Also, the human factor is very important for work safety in mining, including the proper preparation of employees who undertake work in a mine. It is recommended that new, more effective educational programmes are implemented in the area of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) at workplaces.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Adulto , Atitude , Poeira/análise , Meio Ambiente , Feminino , Humanos , Umidade , Masculino , Microclima , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruído , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Polônia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
17.
Int J Prosthodont ; 32(5): 402-410, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486810

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the challenges of the direct filling technique, the use of dental chairside CAD/CAM milling, the use of 3D printing, and the attitudes toward 3D printing-based applications for restorative treatments among Finnish dentists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent to 3,777 Finnish dentists. Background information, challenges linked to the direct filling technique, use of dental chairside CAD/CAM milling, use of 3D printing, and attitudes toward 3D printing-based applications in restorative dentistry were asked in the questionnaire with multiple-choice questions. The number of replies was 760, and the response rate was 20.1%. RESULTS: Poor survival rates and moisture sensitivity were the main reported challenges associated with the direct filling technique. Use of chairside CAD/CAM milling was reported by 271 (35.7%) respondents. Use of 3D printing technique was reported by 54 (7.1%) respondents. Most respondents answered that they would consider using 3D printing for manufacturing tooth fillings in the future. CONCLUSION: If dental chairside CAD/CAM technology can provide a solution for manufacturing long-lasting indirect restorations with good esthetic properties and an effective cost-benefit ratio, the wider use of chairside CAD/CAM systems might be indicated, especially in the public sector. New 3D printing-based applications used for restorative treatments are attracting interest among Finnish dentists, but also indicate a need for further development of 3D printing techniques for cost-effective restorative treatment.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Estética Dentária , Atitude , Projeto Auxiliado por Computador , Odontólogos , Finlândia , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional
18.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 12(2): 399-407, maio/ago 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016592

RESUMO

A modalidade esportiva MMA e a exibição do evento levam os usuários nas redes sociais on-line a opinarem. Com o objetivo de analisar mensagens postadas na rede social Twitter sobre o UFC 202 a pesquisa analisou discursos por meio da aquisição e tratamento das mensagens divulgadas na rede social usando de uma API e empregando método de análise de sentimento dos tweets utilizando linguagem R. As mensagens apresentaram classificação mais positiva mesmo sendo sobre um dos eventos mais polêmicos do UFC. Conclui-se que os usuários podem emitir mensagens positivas sobre um esporte que socialmente ainda apresenta algumas dificuldades de inserção. Abrem-se perspectivas para que estudos de recepção sejam incorporados para avaliar a percepção dos espectadores frente a um evento esportivo.


MMA sport modality and event transmission make users of on line social webs to give their opinions. Current research analyzed discourses through acquisition and message treatment to investigate messages posted in social twitter on UFC 202. Messages were broadcasted on the social web with API, employing analysis method of tweets feeling using language R. Messages had a more positive classification even in one of the most polemic events of UFC. Results show that users may emit positive messages on sports that socially have insertion difficulties. Several perspectives are forwarded so that perception studies may evaluate spectators´ perception in the wake of a sports event.


Assuntos
Esportes , Emoções , Promoção da Saúde , Atitude
19.
Neuropsychopharmacol Hung ; 21(2): 47-58, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378722

RESUMO

Twin studies provide evidence for the heritability of social attitudes, e.g. competitiveness, however, there are no psychogenetic association results linking competitive attitudes to genetic polymorphisms. Candidate gene studies report association with competitiveness-related phenotypes, risk taking for example was linked with the 7-repeat allele of the dopamine D4 receptor gene. This polymorphism has been studied extensively with novelty seeking and certain psychiatric disorders, as it plays a crucial role in molecular genetic mechanisms driving behavioral responses to the environment, especially modulating behavior through the reward circuitry. In the present study, we examined association of the DRD4 48-bp VNTR and competitiveness using self-report data from 399 non-related Caucasians. We found an interesting gene-sex interaction: 7-carrier males were more hypercompetitive as compared to non-carriers, while 7-carrier females were less hypercompetitive as compared to non-carriers. This finding remained significant after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. Interestingly, among females we observed a significant positive correlation between hypercompetitiveness and mood characteristic variables, however, no such relationship could be detected in males. In 7-carrier females the association of hypercompetitiveness and anxiety or depression was more robust as compared to non-carrier females. These results highlight the importance of cultural influences in interpreting gene-sex interaction effects. Our results underlies interaction between genes and the environment; suggesting that the 7-repeat allele plays an important role in adaptivity, enabling sex-specific behavior to social expectations.


Assuntos
Polimorfismo Genético , Alelos , Atitude , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Receptores de Dopamina D4
20.
Waste Manag ; 98: 151-159, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446255

RESUMO

Approximately one quarter of the food supplied in the world is wasted across the food supply chain. Almost half of this amount is related to household food waste, which results from mis-management of consumption. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the consumer food management behavior in order to reduce food waste. Survey data were gathered among 405 Iranian respondents who were responsible for food preparation in their households and were aged from 15 to 64 years old, by using an extended theory of planned behavior (TPB). In addition to measuring the constructs of planned behavior theory, the feeling of guilt construct was incorporated to the model. The extended model was derived and examined through structural equation modeling (SEM). Results showed the usefulness of using the extended model of planned behavior in predicting intention to reduce food waste and food consumption management. Moreover, attitude, perceived behavioral control, feeling of guilt, subjective norm and intention of not wasting food were the drivers of managing food consumption and avoiding food waste. Besides, results showed that intention to reduce household food waste is predictable by attitude, subjective norm and feelings of guilt constructs. At the end, implications of the study for changing consumers' food management behavior are discussed.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Alimentos , Atitude , Intenção , Irã (Geográfico) , Teoria Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários
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