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1.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 489, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PRIMEtime CE is a multistate life table model that can directly compare the cost effectiveness of public health interventions affecting diet and physical activity levels, helping to inform decisions about how to spend finite resources. This paper estimates the costs and health outcomes in England of two scenarios: reformulating salt and expanding subsidised access to leisure centres. The results are used to help validate PRIMEtime CE, following the steps outlined in the Assessment of the Validation Status of Health-Economic decision models (AdViSHE) tool. METHODS: The PRIMEtime CE model estimates the difference in quality adjusted life years (QALYs) and difference in NHS and social care costs of modelled interventions compared with doing nothing. The salt reformulation scenario models how salt consumption would change if food producers met the 2017 UK Food Standards Agency salt reformulation targets. The leisure centre scenario models change in physical activity levels if the Birmingham Be Active scheme (where swimming pools and gym access is free to residents during defined periods) was rolled out across England. The AdViSHE tool was developed by health economic modellers and divides model validation into five parts: validation of the conceptual model, input data validation, validation of computerised model, operational validation, and other validation techniques. PRIMEtime CE is discussed in relation to each part. RESULTS: Salt reformulation was dominant compared with doing nothing, and had a 10-year return on investment of £1.44 (£0.50 to £2.94) for every £1 spent. By contrast, over 10 years the Be Active expansion would cost £727,000 (£514,000 to £1,064,000) per QALY. PRIMEtime CE has good face validity of its conceptual model and has robust input data. Cross-validation produces mixed results and shows the impact of model scope, input parameters, and model structure on cost-per-QALY estimates. CONCLUSIONS: This paper illustrates how PRIMEtime CE can be used to compare the cost-effectiveness of two different public health measures affecting diet and physical activity levels. The AdViSHE tool helps to validate PRIMEtime CE, identifies some of the key drivers of model estimates, and highlights the challenges of externally validating public health economic models against independent data.


Assuntos
Alimentos/normas , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Modelos Econômicos , Saúde Pública/economia , Sódio na Dieta/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Custo-Benefício , Inglaterra , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sódio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Medicina Estatal/economia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(19): 19389-19402, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073834

RESUMO

The study investigates the long-run impact of tourism development on ecological footprint by employing the time-varying coefficient cointegration approach (TVC), in addition to the conventional cointegration techniques in the case of Azerbaijan for the period of 1996-2014. Based on the TVC estimation results, the coefficient of tourism development, which is the income elasticity of environmental degradation, was found to be time invariant. The paper uses energy consumption, trade, urbanization, and institutional quality indicators as control explanatory variables. The estimation results revealed that trade and energy consumption have statistically significant and positive impact on ecological footprint, while the coefficients of the other explanatory variables were found to be insignificant. Both the conventional estimation methods and the TVC concluded that, for the relationship between ecological footprint and tourism development, the EKC hypothesis is not present in Azerbaijan. Policy implications for the resource-rich economies have been discussed.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/tendências , Política Ambiental/economia , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Azerbaijão , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Ecologia , Renda , Indústrias , Modelos Teóricos , Urbanização
3.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(18): 18834-18845, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065977

RESUMO

This paper investigates the impact of tourism investments on energy efficiency across the transportation and residential sectors of 32 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development economies. Using annual data from 1995 to 2012, we employ various panel econometric techniques to achieve the study objectives. Given the nature of variables, the paper applies panel autoregressive distributed lag models to estimate the long-run elasticities of energy intensity. The long-run estimates confirm that tourism investments play an essential role in improving energy efficiency across the transportation and residential sectors. Furthermore, the results show that both the foreign direct investment inflows and trade openness also play a considerable role in reducing energy uses across these sectors. Finally, the findings suggest that the tourism investments Granger cause energy efficiency of transportation and residential sectors in the short-run. Given these findings, the paper adds considerable value to the empirical literature and also provides various policy- and practical implications.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico , Fontes Geradoras de Energia/economia , Habitação/economia , Investimentos em Saúde , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Transportes/economia , Internacionalidade , Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico
4.
5.
Motrivivência (Florianópolis) ; 30(56): 140-154, Dez. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-968722

RESUMO

Este estudo objetiva analisar as ações do poder público para com os estabelecimentos privados de lazer (danceterias) no âmbito da legalidade, posterior ao desastre na Boate KISS. Utilizamos como caminho a Análise Documental, como a Lei Complementar nº 14.376, de 26 de dezembro de 2013, o Inquérito Policial da boate KISS e a mídia impressa Diário de Santa Maria e, a Análise de Conteúdo. Inferimos a mobilização do poder público, posterior ao desastre, na criação de legislações que garantissem a segurança nas danceterias, em especial a Lei Kiss, bem como sua flexibilização, explicitando que o sistema econômico e interesses privados são balizadores da política e das relações entre o público e o privado. O desastre da Boate KISS registra a gravidade de riscos na esfera do lazer e nas tecnologias que incitam desejos, a necessidade de garantia de direitos sociais e de equidade social.


This study aims to analyze the actions of the public power towards private leisure establishments (dance clubs) in the scope of legality, after the disaster at KISS Nightclub. We used as a way the Document Analysis (Complementary Law nº 14.376, of December 26, 2013, the Police Investigation of the KISS Nightclub and the print media Diário de Santa Maria) and the Content Analysis. We inferred the mobilization of the public power, after the disaster, in the creation of legislations that would guarantee safety in the dance clubs, especially the Kiss Law, as well as its flexibility, explaining that the economic system and private interests are benchmarks of politics and of the relations between the public and the private. The KISS Nightclub disaster registers the seriousness of risks in the leisure sphere and in the technologies that incite desires, and the need to guarantee social rights and social equity.


Este estudio objetiva analizar las acciones del poder público hacia establecimientos privados de ocio (discotecas) en el ámbito de la legalidad posterior al desastre en la Boate Kiss. Utilizamos como instrumento el Análisis Documental de la Ley Complementar n.° 14.376, de 26 de diciembre de 2013, la investigación policial de la Boate Kiss, noticias del periódico Diário de Santa Maria, y el análisis de contenido. Inferimos la movilización del poder público, posterior al desastre, en la creación de legislaciones que garanticen la seguridad en discotecas, en especial la Ley Kiss y su flexibilización, evidenciando que el sistema económico e intereses privados son balizadores de la política y de relaciones entre el público y el privado. El desastre de la Boate Kiss registra la gravedad de riesgos en el ámbito del ocio y en las tecnologías que incitan deseos, la necesidad de garantía de derechos sociales y de equidad social.


Assuntos
Dança , Poder Público , Instalações Privadas/legislação & jurisprudência , Instalações Privadas/ética , Atividades de Lazer/economia
6.
World J Pediatr ; 14(1): 66-76, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29442253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the socioeconomic inequality and determinants of screen time (ST) frequency in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted as part of a national school-based surveillance program among 36,486 students consisting of 50.79% boys and 74.23% urban inhabitants, aged 6-18 years, living in urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran. Socioeconomic inequality in ST, including the time spent for ST, watching TV and leisure-time working with computer, was assessed across quintiles of SES using concentration index (C) and slope index of inequality (SII). RESULTS: Overall, 36,486 students completed the study (response rate 91.25%). Their mean (SD) age was 12.14 (3.36) years. The national estimation of frequency of ST was 31.66% (95% CI 31.16-32.17) with ascending change from 20.80% (95% CI 19.81-21.82) to 36.66% (95% CI 35.47-37.87) from the first to the last quintal of SES. Estimated C value at national level was positive (0.08), which indicate inequality was in favor of low SES groups. Considering the SII values, at national level [- 0.16 (- 0.39, 0.06)], the absolute difference in ST frequency between the bottom and top of the socioeconomic groups had descending trends. In multivariate logistic regression model, family history of obesity, generalized obesity and age were the main significant determinants of prolonged ST, watching TV, and computer working (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic inequality in ST frequency was in favor of low SES groups. These findings are useful for health policies, better programming and future complementary analyses.


Assuntos
Computadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adolescente , Peso Corporal , Criança , Intervalos de Confiança , Estudos Transversais , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
7.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 40(3): 567-572, 2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977634

RESUMO

Background: Reducing or eliminating entrance charges for the public use of leisure facilities is one potential tool that local authorities (LA) have to reduce inequalities in physical activity (PA). Facility charges are likely to be a greater barrier to access for those who have lower incomes. Methods: Semi-structured 1-to-1 and group interviews were conducted with 33 leisure and public health professionals in seven LAs in north-west England. We investigated how approaches to pricing varied in these settings and rationales influencing decision making. Results: Welfare orientated (e.g. affordability) and commercial drivers (e.g. income generation) featured most prominently across areas. Pricing policies placed less direct focus on public health goals, although tackling inactivity was articulated as part of leisure's role more generally. Local targeting of free/concessionary offers was also defined and implemented differently. Decision makers described navigating competing pressures of providing services for the public 'good' yet remaining financially viable. Conclusion: Many LAs are reviewing the extent of subsidy for facilities or are considering whether to invest public health budgets in leisure. The findings offer evidence of how pricing decisions are made and the approaches adopted in practice as well as the conflicting priorities for decision makers within an austerity context.


Assuntos
Exercício , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Instalações Esportivas e Recreacionais/economia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Inglaterra , Promoção da Saúde/economia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Governo Local , Saúde Pública , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Instalações Esportivas e Recreacionais/organização & administração
8.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 12(1): 19-30, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28844170

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is an increasing interest in the indirect (or non-healthcare) costs of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Areas covered: Systematic review of original studies on the non-healthcare costs of HCV published in English or Spanish between January 2000 and March 2017. 19 studies addressing non-healthcare cost of HCV were included in the analysis. All studies but one contain treatments with monotherapy or dual therapy prior to the recent introduction of innovative and highly effective direct acting antivirals (DAAs). Five studies estimate the incremental non-healthcare cost of HCV with a control group, which is regarded as high-quality methodology. The incremental annual non-healthcare costs of HCV in untreated patients compared with non-HCV patients are €4,209 in the US, and taking data from 5 European countries costs range from €280 in the UK to €659 in France. Expert commentary: Available studies may be underestimating the true burden of non-healthcare costs for HCV as they are all partial studies, mainly including absenteeism and premature mortality estimates. Moreover, there is a need for studies addressing non-healthcare costs of HCV in settings where new treatments with DAAs have been implemented, as they are probably changing the current and future burden of the disease.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Hepatite C/economia , Presenteísmo/economia , Licença Médica/economia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Eficiência , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/mortalidade , Humanos , Incidência , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Prevalência
9.
Acta Psychiatr Scand ; 134 Suppl 446: 34-44, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27426644

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate and compare the economic costs of mental health-related discrimination in the domains of health care, relationships and participation in leisure activities in England between 2011 and 2014. METHOD: A subsample of the Viewpoint survey was interviewed using the Costs of Discrimination Assessment Questionnaire in 2011 and 2014. Information on the impact of discrimination on healthcare use, help seeking from family and friends and participation in leisure activities was recorded. Pattern of contacts, costs and predictor of costs were examined. RESULTS: Our findings showed higher costs of health service use for individuals who reported experiences of discrimination in healthcare settings in 2011 compared with those who did not (mean difference £625, P-value 0.019). Individuals who reported experiences of discrimination in relationships in 2014 had higher healthcare costs than those who did not (mean difference £418, P -value 0.034). There was some evidence of a reduction in overall levels of healthcare use, leisure activities and support from families over time. Discrimination did not significantly affect help seeking from family/friends or leisure activities. CONCLUSION: There is some evidence that discrimination is related to increased healthcare costs. A prospective study is needed to better understand the consequences of these effects.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Adulto , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Occup Ther Health Care ; 30(3): 215-30, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27218889

RESUMO

This study investigated the personal, environmental, and activity barriers to leisure-time physical activities (LTPAs) among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). A survey instrument was administered to 85 participants with SCI. Personal barriers to LTPAs included issues involving motivation, pain, scheduling, and financial resources. Environmental barriers marked the issues regarding availability and accessibility to specialized programs, activities, and professional services. Activity barriers included limitations in equipment, training, and personal skills required by the selected activities. Significant negative correlations were found between these barriers and the levels of physical activity and satisfaction with physical activity. While working with clients with SCI, occupational therapists should identify those LTPA barriers and possible solutions in order to establish individualized action plans for enhancing participation in LTPAs.


Assuntos
Acessibilidade Arquitetônica , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Motivação , Atividade Motora , Pacientes/psicologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Ocupacional/organização & administração , Dor/etiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Environ Manage ; 57(1): 49-61, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26253501

RESUMO

This paper shows that the tour operators (TOs) can play a coordinating role in the adoption of environmental management upstream the tourism supply chain. This is done using a dynamic model to analyze the environmental management adoption by hotels in a tourism destination induced by a TO. The TO can create incentives to greening hotels' management through the sharing of an environmental price premium. We show that the extent of green management adoption depends on interest rate, the willingness to pay for environmental quality, and hotels' organizational inertia. We also show how the financial yields from green management are shared between TOs and hotels. Finally, we consider a destination manager that subsidizes hotels' green management. If the destination manager does not take the greening role of TOs into account, she could mistake the true trade-off that she faces between the destination's economic and environmental outcomes for the win-win setting that characterizes the general problem.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer/economia , Viagem/economia , Comércio , Meio Ambiente , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos
12.
Scand J Med Sci Sports ; 26(2): 206-13, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25648423

RESUMO

This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of the main perceived barriers to leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and their associations with the frequency of LTPA in a representative sample of industrial workers from Brazil (n = 47,477), according to their income strata (low income: ≤$US280, middle income: $US281-$US1400, and high income: ≥$US1401). Data were collected between 2006 and 2008 via questionnaires about the main perceived barrier to LTPA and the frequency of LTPA. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to evaluate differences among groups. There was a lower prevalence of regular practice of LTPA in the low- (15.8%) and middle-income strata (18.2%) than among the individuals of the high-income stratum (27.6%). A large proportion of workers who regularly participated in LTPA reported no barriers (low: 43.1%; middle: 46.8%; high: 51.6%). Additional obligations and fatigue were the two most common perceived barriers in all family income strata among participants who engaged in different frequencies of LTPA. The odds for all perceived barriers showed a positive trend related to frequency of LTPA (from regular to no LTPA), with higher values according to income. In summary, the ordering of the main perceived barriers to LTPA differed according to workers' income stratum and frequency of engaging in LTPA.


Assuntos
Renda , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Atividade Motora , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação
13.
Health Econ ; 25(2): 249-56, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25684073

RESUMO

There has been a debate on whether cost-effectiveness analysis should consider the cost of consumption and leisure time activities when using the quality-adjusted life year as a measure of health outcome under a societal perspective. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the effects of ill health on consumptive activities are spontaneously considered in a health state valuation exercise and how much this matters. The survey enrolled patients with inflammatory bowel disease in Germany (n = 104). Patients were randomized to explicit and no explicit instruction for the consideration of consumption and leisure effects in a time trade-off (TTO) exercise. Explicit instruction to consider non-health-related utility in TTO exercises did not influence TTO scores. However, spontaneous consideration of non-health-related utility in patients without explicit instruction (60% of respondents) led to significantly lower TTO scores. Results suggest an inclusion of consumption costs in the numerator of the cost-effectiveness ratio, at least for those respondents who spontaneously consider non-health-related utility from treatment. Results also suggest that exercises eliciting health valuations from the general public may include a description of the impact of disease on consumptive activities.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos , Nível de Saúde , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Rev. psicol. deport ; 25(supl.2): 15-20, 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-160078

RESUMO

Este estudio busca conocer el papel del ocio deportivo en la construcción social del espacio público regenerado en frentes de costa o riberas urbanas de Bilbao y Barcelona. Para ello, se realiza, en primer lugar, un análisis de los usos deportivos que acogen los waterfronts y los procesos de apropiación del espacio que subyacen a dichos usos. A continuación, se explora el perfil de las y los practicantes deportivos, usuarios de los waterfronts para reflexionar sobre la contribución del ocio deportivo en estos espacios al derecho a la ciudad. El estudio se apoya en una metodología mixta que combina la observación no participada y una breve encuesta administrada en los waterfronts de sendas ciudades. Los resultados confirman que existe una relación de bidireccionalidad entre espacios públicos urbanos regenerados y estilos de ocio de la ciudadanía. Si bien es cierto que los waterfronts actúan como tractores de las prácticas deportivas, también es verdad que dichas prácticas contribuyen a la transformación social del entorno urbano, mediante procesos de apropiación que resignifican su valor y participan en el desarrollo social de las ciudades (AU)


This study seeks to understand the role of sport leisure in the social construction of regenerated public spaces on coast fronts or urban riverbanks of Bilbao and Barcelona. To do this, first it performed an analysis of sports uses hosted in the waterfronts and the processes of place appropriation that underlie such uses. Then, a profile scan is performed on people doing sport (waterfront users), in order to consider the contribution of sport leisure in these spaces to «the right to the city». The study is based on a mixed methodology combining non-participatory observation and a brief survey administered in the waterfronts of both cities. The results confirm that there is a bidirectional relationship between regenerated urban public spaces and leisure styles of citizens. While it is true that the waterfronts act as tractors of sports practices, it is also true that these practices contribute to the social transformation of the urban environment through processes of appropriation that give a new meaning to its value and promote the exchange of experiences that contribute to the social development of cities (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atividades de Lazer/classificação , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Esportes/classificação , Esportes/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde da População Urbana/tendências , Área Urbana , Planejamento Social/economia , Planejamento Social/tendências , Planejamento de Cidades/tendências , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ciclismo/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Maturitas ; 82(4): 377-86, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26277255

RESUMO

Research on smart homes has significantly increased in recent years owing to their considerably improved affordability and simplicity. However, the challenge is that people have different needs (or attitudes toward smart homes), and provision should be tailored to individuals. A few studies have classified the functions of smart homes. Therefore, the Kano model is first adopted as a theoretical base to explore whether the functional classifications of smart homes are attractive or necessary, or both. Second, three models and test user attitudes toward three function types of smart homes are proposed. Based on the Kano model, the principal results, namely, two "Attractive Quality" and nine "Indifferent Quality" items, are found. Verification of the hypotheses also indicates that the entertainment, security, and automation functions are significantly correlated with the variables "perceive useful" and "attitude." Cost consideration is negatively correlated with attitudes toward entertainment and automation. Results suggest that smart home providers should survey user needs for their product instead of merely producing smart homes based on the design of the builder or engineer.


Assuntos
Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Utensílios Domésticos , Habitação/classificação , Modelos Teóricos , Adulto , Atitude Frente aos Computadores , Automação/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Segurança
17.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 22(16): 12050-61, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25874437

RESUMO

This paper employs the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds methodological approach to investigate the relationship between economic growth, combustible renewables and waste consumption, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and international tourism for the case of Tunisia spanning the period 1990-2010. The results from the Fisher statistic of both the Wald test and the Johansen test confirm the presence of a long-run relationship among the variables under investigation. The stability of estimated parameters has been tested, while Granger causality tests recommend a short-run unidirectional causality running from economic growth and combustible renewables and waste consumption to CO2 emissions, a bidirectional causality between economic growth and combustible renewables and waste consumption and unidirectional causality running from economic growth and combustible renewables and waste consumption to international tourism. In the long-run, the error correction terms confirm the presence of bidirectional causality relationships between economic growth, CO2 emissions, combustible renewables and waste consumption, and international tourism. Our long-run estimates show that combustible renewables and waste consumption increases international tourism, and both renewables and waste consumption and international tourism increase CO2 emissions and output. We recommend that (i) Tunisia should use more combustible renewables and waste energy as this eliminates wastes from touristic zones and increases the number of tourist arrivals, leading to economic growth, and (ii) a fraction of this economic growth generated by the increase in combustible renewables and waste consumption should be invested in clean renewable energy production (i.e., solar, wind, geothermal) and energy efficiency projects.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Atividades de Lazer , Energia Renovável , Viagem , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Desenvolvimento Econômico/tendências , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Modelos Econômicos , Energia Renovável/economia , Viagem/economia , Tunísia , Gerenciamento de Resíduos/economia
18.
Rev. psicol. deport ; 23(1): 201-207, ene.-jun. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-118659

RESUMO

Contemplar al usuario/a como elemento clave de la gestión, es una de las tendencias que actualmente ha recibido mucha atención científica. Sin embargo, la evaluación de la calidad de los programas deportivos orientados a la población infantil, es escasa, queda evidenciado en los pocos estudios realizados. Por ello, consideramos necesario realizar un estudio dirigido a la población infantil, como usuarios directos, ya que se trata del grupo social más numeroso a la hora de realizar actividades físicas y, la necesidad de crear y consolidar hábitos deportivos que pueden repercutir en estilos de vida saludables. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo es plantear un desarrollo metodológico de observación indirecta con el fin de profundizar en la evaluación de la calidad en los servicios municipales deportivos orientados a la población infantil. En la actualidad, el desarrollo metodológico ha beneficiado de manera muy notoria a la observación indirecta. Se trata de documentos de los cuales hemos aprendido a extraer información válida y consistente; documentos que pueden tener un alto valor informativo, pero que formalmente requieren de una preparación que los adecúen para alcanzar la necesaria sistematización. Para ello contrastamos las percepciones de los usuarios/as más pequeños/as (de 8 a 12 años) con la de los/as padres/madres y el personal experto de las instalaciones municipales deportivas, para adecuar y mejorar los servicios deportivos orientados a la población infantil. Para la recogida de información se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad y para el tratamiento de los datos, se utilizó el programa Atlas Ti. Los datos aquí presentados forman parte de un trabajo de mayor envergadura (AU)


Researchers are paying increasing attention to users as a key component in service management. However, very few studies have sought to examine the quality of sports services for children. This is perhaps surprising when one considers that physical activity is engaged in more by children than by any other social group, not to mention the importance of developing and consolidating children’s interest in sport so as to help promote healthy lifestyles. With this in mind the present study uses indirect observation as a means of assessing the quality of municipal sports services for children. In recent years the indirect observational approach has made a notable contribution to the development of research methodologies. Indeed, it has been shown that valid, reliable information can be extracted from documents of various kinds. However, in order to ensure that such information is of high value, these documents need to be prepared in such a way that systematic analyses are possible. This study focuses on the quality of sports services for children and compares the views of children (8-12 years old) with those of parents and of the staff of municipal sports facilities. The aim was to gather information that could help improve such services and tailor them more to children’s needs. The information was gathered by means of in-depth interviews, the contents of which were then analysed using Atlas.ti software. The data presented here forms part of a broader research project (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Esportes/legislação & jurisprudência , Esportes/estatística & dados numéricos , Esportes/normas , Ética Institucional/educação , Desenvolvimento Institucional/economia , Desenvolvimento Institucional/métodos , Desenvolvimento Institucional/políticas , Atividades de Lazer/classificação , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Recreação/economia , Atividades Humanas/legislação & jurisprudência , Atividades Humanas/normas , Modernização Organizacional
19.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2014: 763573, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24574916

RESUMO

It is estimated that mainland Chinese tourists travelling to Taiwan can bring annual revenues of 400 billion NTD to the Taiwan economy. Thus, how the Taiwanese Government formulates relevant measures to satisfy both sides is the focus of most concern. Taiwan must improve the facilities and service quality of its tourism industry so as to attract more mainland tourists. This paper conducted a questionnaire survey of mainland tourists and used grey relational analysis in grey mathematics to analyze the satisfaction performance of all satisfaction question items. The first eight satisfaction items were used as independent variables, and the overall satisfaction performance was used as a dependent variable for quantile regression model analysis to discuss the relationship between the dependent variable under different quantiles and independent variables. Finally, this study further discussed the predictive accuracy of the least mean regression model and each quantile regression model, as a reference for research personnel. The analysis results showed that other variables could also affect the overall satisfaction performance of mainland tourists, in addition to occupation and age. The overall predictive accuracy of quantile regression model Q0.25 was higher than that of the other three models.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Modelos Teóricos , Viagem/psicologia , China , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan , Viagem/economia
20.
PLoS One ; 9(2): e88192, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24505426

RESUMO

Private Protected Areas (PPAs) often use wildlife-based ecotourism as their primary means of generating business. Achieving tourist satisfaction has become a strong driving goal in the management of many PPAs, often at the expense of biodiversity. Many extralimitral species, those which historically did not occur in an area, are stocked in PPAs with the intention of increasing ecotourism attractions. Even though the ecological and economic costs of stocking these species are high, the social benefits are not understood and little information exists globally on the ecotourism role of extralimital species. This study assessed the value of stocking extralimital species using questionnaire-based surveys and observing tourists in Shamwari Private Game Reserve in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. No difference was found between indigenous and extralimital species with regards to the tourists' weighted scoring system, average amount tourists were willing to pay, total viewing time, average viewing time or the likelihood of stopping to view species when encountered on game drives. During game drives a strong preference was found for the elephant (Loxodonta africana), lion (Panthera leo), leopard (Panthera pardus) and cheetah (Acynonix jubatus). With the exception of the cheetah, these species are all members of the "big five" and are indigenous. Species availability and visibility, however, may influence the amount of time tourists spend at an animal sighting. Our analysis suggests that certain extralimital species (typically larger and charismatic species) contribute to tourist satisfaction, while particularly the smaller extralimital species add little to the game viewing experience, but add to the costs and risks of the PPAs. We recommend that extralimital species introductions for ecotourism purposes should be approached with caution with regards to the risks to the sustainability of PPAs.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Atividades de Lazer , Acinonyx , Animais , Biodiversidade , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Coleta de Dados , Ecossistema , Elefantes , Humanos , Espécies Introduzidas/economia , Atividades de Lazer/economia , Leões , Panthera , África do Sul
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