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1.
Science ; 367(6475): 244-246, 2020 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949065
2.
Diving Hyperb Med ; 49(4): 283-290, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828747

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss (HL) is common in the adult working population. It is widely assumed that diving is a risk factor for HL. However, studies with sufficient follow-up comparing HL in divers to non-divers are limited. This study aimed to assess the hearing threshold (HT) of Royal Netherlands Navy divers who had been diving for more than 15 years and to compare it to the ISO standard 7029:2017 reference table. METHODS: In this 25-year retrospective cohort study the Royal Netherlands Navy Diving Medical Centre audited the medical records of 1,117 Navy divers. Yearly dive medical assessments were performed according to professional standards, including audiometry. HTs were compared to the ISO 7029:2017 reference table, including Z-distribution, using paired t-tests. RESULTS: Thirty-five divers were included who had been diving for 15 years or longer. The HT increased significantly in nine of the 16 measured frequencies, while the Z-score decreased significantly in nine of the 16 tested frequencies (eight in both ears). In the 25-year follow-up the pattern was more obvious, with one significantly increased HT, and 10 significantly decreased Z-scores. DISCUSSION: The absolute HT increases after 15 years of military diving, but less than would be expected from normal age-related deterioration. Moreover, when comparing Z-scores, this sample of divers actually hear better than non-divers. We conclude that military diving is not an increased risk for HL compared to regular occupational hazards and suggest withdrawing the requirement for routine yearly audiometric evaluation as part of a dive medical examination.


Assuntos
Mergulho , Transtornos da Audição , Perda Auditiva , Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Audiometria , Limiar Auditivo/fisiologia , Mergulho/efeitos adversos , Audição/fisiologia , Transtornos da Audição/etiologia , Perda Auditiva/etiologia , Humanos , Países Baixos , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
HNO ; 67(11): 816-817, 2019 11.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673745
4.
Laryngoscope ; 129(11): 2574-2579, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relations of monoallelic (M1), biallelic (M2), or the absence of mutations (M0) in SLC26A4 to inner ear morphology and hearing levels in individuals with Pendred syndrome (PS) or nonsyndromic enlarged vestibular aqueduct (NSEVA) associated with hearing loss. METHODS: In a cohort of 139 PS/NSEVA individuals, 115 persons from 95 unrelated families had full genetic sequencing of SLC26A4, and 113 had retrievable images for re-assessment of inner ear morphology. The association between the number of mutant alleles in SLC26A4, inner ear morphology (including endolymphatic sac size and protein content on magnetic resonance imaging), and hearing level (pure tone average) was explored. RESULTS: Biallelic SLC26A4 mutations (M2) occurred in three-quarters of the cohort and was invariably associated with poor hearing; in 87%, it was associated with incomplete partition type II of the cochlea as well as enlarged endolymphatic sac and vestibular aqueduct. M1 or M0 individuals exhibited a greater variability in inner ear morphology. Endolymphatic sac size and presence of "high-protein" sac contents were significantly higher in M2 individuals compared to M1 and M0 individuals. CONCLUSION: The number of SLC26A4 mutations is associated with severity and variability of inner ear morphology and hearing level in individuals with PS or NSEVA. M2 individuals have poorer hearing and present largely incomplete partition type II of the cochleas with enlarged endolymphatic sacs, whereas individuals with M1 and no detectable SLC26A4 mutations have less severe hearing loss and more diverse inner ear morphology. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4. Laryngoscope, 129:2574-2579, 2019.


Assuntos
Bócio Nodular/genética , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Transportadores de Sulfato/genética , Aqueduto Vestibular/anormalidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Criança , Cóclea/patologia , Orelha Interna/patologia , Saco Endolinfático/patologia , Feminino , Bócio Nodular/patologia , Audição/genética , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/patologia , Testes Auditivos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aqueduto Vestibular/patologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; 18(12): 1245-1253, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580740

RESUMO

Objectives: Sensory adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are generally expected to be transient in nature. However, spontaneous reports describe frequently these events as long-lasting or unresolved. In this study, the authors reviewed the Eudravigilance publicly accessible database to describe the volume and expectedness of potentially unresolved outcomes for gustatory, olfactory and auditory (GOA) suspected ADRs associated with antibiotics for systemic use.Methods: 'Overall' and 'GOA' suspected ADRs were extracted from Eudravigilance to estimate the distribution of their outcomes among different antibiotic groups. Then, the authors identified the drugs contributing to at least 15% of all suspected GOA ADRs observed for the antibiotic groups, and evaluated the expectedness.Results: The frequency of persistent/permanent outcomes was higher for GOA suspected ADRs, as compared to the overall ones. Unresolved and undetermined outcomes for antibiotic-associated GOA ADRs in Eudravigilance might hide a large number of events with underestimated clinical consequences. Several persistent/permanent antibiotic-associated GOA reactions could be classified as serious and unexpected.Conclusion: Potential long-lasting or irreversible GOA reactions are often reported for all antibiotics drugs. Further studies are warranted to clarify whether this is an actual safety issue or simply it reflects a general difficulty in outcomes assessment for such reactions.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Audição/efeitos dos fármacos , Olfato/efeitos dos fármacos , Paladar/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Farmacovigilância
6.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 36(5): 745-754, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631622

RESUMO

In order to study the influence of tympanic membrane lesion and ossicular erosion caused by otitis media on the hearing compensation performance of round-window stimulation, a human ear finite element model including cochlear asymmetric structure was established by computed tomography (CT) technique and reverse engineering technique. The reliability of the model was verified by comparing with the published experimental data. Based on this model, the tympanic membrane lesion and ossicular erosion caused by otitis media were simulated by changing the corresponding tissue structure. Besides, these simulated diseases' effects on the round-window stimulation were studied by comparing the corresponding basilar-membrane's displacement at the frequency-dependent characteristic position. The results show that the thickening and the hardening of the tympanic membrane mainly deteriorated the hearing compensation performance of round-window stimulation in the low frequency; tympanic membrane perforation and the minor erosion of ossicle with ossicular chain connected slightly effected the hearing compensation performance of round-window stimulation. Whereas, different from the influence of the aforementioned lesions, the ossicular erosion involving the ossicular chain detachment increased its influence on performance of round-window stimulation at the low frequency. Therefore, the effect of otitis media on the hearing compensation performance of round-window stimulation should be considered comprehensively when designing its actuator, especially the low-frequency deterioration caused by the thickening and the hardening of the tympanic membrane; the actuator's low-frequency output should be enhanced accordingly to ensure its postoperative hearing compensation performance.


Assuntos
Estimulação Acústica , Otite Média/fisiopatologia , Janela da Cóclea/fisiologia , Perfuração da Membrana Timpânica , Ossículos da Orelha/patologia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Audição , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
ABCS health sci ; 44(2): 103-107, 11 out 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022346

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: Diversos são os indicadores de risco para deficiência auditiva. O índice de Apgar, quando menor que quatro no primeiro minuto e/ou menor que seis no quinto minuto de vida, é considerado um indicador de risco para surdez. Tais valores estão associados à ocorrência de asfixia, que é uma das causas mais comuns de lesão e morte celular e, desta forma, algum dano ao sistema auditivo pode ocorrer. OBJETIVO: Verificar a influência do indicador de risco para deficiência auditiva, Apgar baixo, na primeira avaliação auditiva do neonato. MÉTODOS: Estudo clínico transversal, realizado em hospital público no período de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2016. Os neonatos realizaram a avaliação audiológica por meio do exame de emissões otoacústicas evocadas por estímulo transiente (EOE-t). A relação entre Apgar baixo e "falha" nas EOE-t foi analisada por regressão logística simples. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 6.301 neonatos, desses 15,82% (n=996) tinham indicadores de risco para deficiência auditiva e 6,57% (n=415) obtiveram Apgar baixo. Apresentaram falha no exame de EOE-t, uni ou bilateral, 6,5% (n=415) dos neonatos triados. Outros indicadores de risco aumentaram as chances de "falha" na EOE-t, porém o Apgar baixo, isoladamente, aumentou as chances de "falha" em neonatos com peso ao nascimento maior que 1.500 g (OR: 1,58; p=0,02) e sem hemorragia peri-intraventricular (OR: 1,56; p=0,01). CONCLUSÃO: O índice de Apgar baixo foi o principal causador de "falha" na primeira avaliação auditiva dentre os neonatos com peso maior de 1.500 g e sem hemorragia peri-intraventricular.


INTRODUCTION: There are several risk indicators for hearing loss. The Apgar score, when less than four in the first minute and/or less than six in the fifth minute of life, is considered an indicator of risk for hearing loss. Such values are associated with the occurrence of asphyxia, which is one of the most common causes of cell death and injury and, therefore, some damage to the auditory system may occur. OBJECTIVE: To check the influence of risk indicator for hearing loss, low Apgar, in the first neonatal hearing evaluation. METHODOS: Cross-sectional study conducted in a public hospital from January 2012 to December 2016. The neonates underwent hearing evaluation by examining transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE). The relation between low Apgar and "refer" in the TEOAE was analyzed by simple logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 6,301 newborns were evaluated, of which 15.82% (n=996) had risk indicators for hearing loss and 6.57% (n=415) had with low Apgar. 6.5% (n=415) of the neonates screened showed failure of the EOE-t test, uni or bilateral. Others risk indicators increased the chances of "refer"; however, the presence of low Apgar alone increased the chances of "refer" in the TEOAE in newborns with birth weight greater than 1,500 g (OR: 1.58; p=0.02) and without peri-intraventricular hemorrhage (OR: 1.56; p=0.01). CONCLUSION: The low Apgar score was the mainly cause of "refer" on the first hearing evaluation among neonates with with birth weight greater than 1,500 g and without peri-intraventricular hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Índice de Apgar , Triagem Neonatal , Indicador de Risco , Audição
8.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46806

RESUMO

O DPAC é caracterizado por afetar as vias centrais da audição, ou seja, as áreas do cérebro relacionadas às habilidades auditivas responsáveis por um conjunto de processos que vão da detecção à interpretação das informações sonoras. Na maior parte dos casos, o sistema auditivo periférico (tímpano, ossículos, cóclea e nervo auditivo) encontra-se totalmente preservado. A principal consequência do distúrbio está na dificuldade de processamento das informações captadas pelas vias auditivas. Assim, a pessoa ouvirá claramente a fala humana, mas terá dificuldades em interpretar a mensagem recebida.


Assuntos
Córtex Auditivo , Audição , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Síndrome de Asperger
10.
Exp Parasitol ; 206: 107768, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539540

RESUMO

Canine leishmaniosis due to Leishmania infantum is a widespread zoonotic disease. Although aminosidine can be an effective treatment, current therapeutic recommendations do not advocate its use, mainly due to concerns regarding the potential nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity of this drug. The aim of this randomized, blinded, controlled study was to evaluate the nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity of aminosidine-allopurinol combination and compare it with that of meglumine antimonate-allopurinol combination in non-azotemic dogs with leishmaniosis. Forty dogs with leishmaniosis were randomly assigned to be treated with either aminosidine at 15 mg/kg, subcutaneously, once daily for 28 days (group A) or with meglumine antimonate at 100 mg/kg, subcutaneously, once daily for 28 days (group B). In addition to either drug, dogs in both groups were administered allopurinol at 10 mg/kg per os twice daily for 2 months. Kidney function was evaluated through measurement of serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, inorganic phosphorus, and cystatin-c concentrations and complete urinalysis, including protein-to-creatinine ratio, at baseline and after 14, 28, and 60 days from the beginning of the treatment. At the same time points, vestibular and auditory functions were evaluated through neurological examination and brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) recordings of wave I, wave V, inter-wave I-V latencies, and minimum hearing thresholds. None of the dogs developed clinicopathological evidence of kidney disease during the study. Serum creatinine concentration increased >0.3 mg/dl over baseline in 2 dogs in group A and in 5 dogs in group B. Parameters of kidney function were not significantly different or were improved compared to baseline and the only difference between the two groups was the lower concentration of serum creatinine in group A. None of the dogs developed peripheral vestibular syndrome or hearing impairment. At the end of the study, parameters of auditory function were not significantly different or were improved compared to baseline and there were no differences between the two groups. The results of this study show that the nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity of aminosidine, when administered to non-azotemic dogs with leishmaniosis at 15 mg/kg subcutaneously once daily for 28 days along with allopurinol, is minimal and does not differ from that of meglumine antimonate.


Assuntos
Alopurinol/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico , Audição/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Leishmaniose Visceral/veterinária , Paromomicina/efeitos adversos , Alopurinol/administração & dosagem , Alopurinol/uso terapêutico , Animais , Cóclea/efeitos dos fármacos , Creatinina/sangue , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Método Duplo-Cego , Combinação de Medicamentos , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos do Tronco Encefálico , Feminino , Perda Auditiva/induzido quimicamente , Perda Auditiva/veterinária , Injeções Subcutâneas/veterinária , Leishmania infantum , Leishmaniose Visceral/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Antimoniato de Meglumina/administração & dosagem , Antimoniato de Meglumina/efeitos adversos , Antimoniato de Meglumina/uso terapêutico , Exame Neurológico/veterinária , Paromomicina/administração & dosagem , Paromomicina/uso terapêutico , Distribuição Aleatória , Vestíbulo do Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 427-433, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous research demonstrated that mild depression (MD) is characterized by patterns of atypical language use such as inverted word order, greater repetition, increased use of reflexive/personal (e.g. myself) or negative/ indefinite (e.g. nobody) pronouns, verbs in past tense, and other lexico-grammatical, stylistic and syntactic indicators (how the patient speaks). We now investigate the role of semantic features (what the patient speaks about) in diagnosing (why it is important to listen) affective states. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 201 written narratives from 124 patients with MD and 77 healthy controls (HC), including 35 cases of normal sadness (NS), were studied using principle component lexis analysis. Statistical data evaluation was performed with SPSS-25 (p<0.05, significant) and included the Cohen's kappa for inter-rater reliability, nonparametric methods to measure between-group differences (Mann-Whitney U-test, Pearson Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis, one-way ANOVA), and discriminant analysis for modeling of semantic variables related to affective diagnostic types. RESULTS: Component lexis analysis revealed an exaggerated usage of semantic categories describing existential and family values in the texts of MD patients compared to HC. However, there were fewer cognitive and altruistic categories presented in patients' self-reports. The most substantial between-group difference was the lesser semantics of self-realization in MD patients, as well as their significantly lower ranking of social status' priorities. Communicative and hedonic values in MD speech displaced and predominated in ranking over the values of social status, versus the opposite relationship in HC speech. The discriminant model revealed a set of semantic indicators significantly distinguishing the MD, HC and NS groups (96.3%; Wilks' λ=0.001, p<0.001, r=0.996). CONCLUSIONS: Linguistic structure and content of patients' verbalizations may serve as diagnostic markers of MD. Evaluation of psychosocial themes within the content of narratives should enable a better understanding of MD pathogenesis and emphasize the importance of monitoring social difficulties during treatment.


Assuntos
Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Semântica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Audição , Humanos , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 276(11): 3239-3245, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489495

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The traditional fitting method for cochlear implants (CI), the single-channel fitting (SCF), is effective but time-consuming. A fitting method that is significantly faster to perform, but provides at least equivalent speech understanding and subjective benefit would be of clinical usefulness. The study explored the ability of flat strategy-based fitting (FSBF) maps to fill this need. METHODS: Participants were 16 experienced CI users. They were fit with: SCF maps; the maps that the participants used in their everyday lives, called fine-tuned clinical (FTC) maps; and FSBF maps. The fittings were assessed objectively via speech understanding in noise, time needed to create the map, deviation from FTC map, and correlation between auditory response telemetry thresholds and normalized charge levels; and subjectively via spectral balance and hearing quality. RESULTS: FSBF maps were significantly faster to generate. FTC maps provided the best subjective hearing quality. In all other assessments, no significant differences were found. DISCUSSION: FSBF maps can save time and provide CI users with the same level of speech understanding in noise. Participants may have preferred the FTC maps that they were already acclimated to them. These results suggest that the FSBF method could be used in first-fittings or in challenging fitting situations, but subsequent fine-tuning is required in follow-up appointments to improve sound quality. CONCLUSION: The FSBF method can be a useful and time-saving alternative fitting method in first-fittings or in challenging fitting situations.


Assuntos
Implante Coclear , Implantes Cocleares , Testes Auditivos/métodos , Audição , Ajuste de Prótese/métodos , Implante Coclear/efeitos adversos , Implante Coclear/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruído/efeitos adversos
16.
HNO ; 67(10): 739-749, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with single-sided deafness (SSD) are limited by their asymmetric hearing in various areas of everyday life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to perform an age-correlated comparison of the hearing threshold of the better ear of SSD patients with a normal-hearing (NH) reference cohort. In addition, the potential influence of etiology, duration of deafness, and cochlear implantation (CI) of the poorer ear on the peripheral hearing ability of the better ear was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multicenter study, the mean bone conduction hearing threshold of the better ear of 413 adult SSD patients was compared with that of an NH cohort drawn from ISO 7029:2017 for the frequencies 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz. RESULTS: SSD patients showed significantly poorer hearing in the better ear compared to the age-correlated group of NH subjects. CI, duration of deafness, and etiology had no significant effect on the hearing ability of the better ear. CONCLUSION: The origin of the poorer hearing of the better-hearing ear of SSD patients compared to an age-correlated NH cohort is still unclear. It is most likely a combination of different anatomical, immunological, etiological, and microcirculatory causes, which lead to poorer hearing of the better-hearing ear in SSD patients.


Assuntos
Implante Coclear , Implantes Cocleares , Perda Auditiva Unilateral , Percepção da Fala , Adulto , Audiometria da Fala , Limiar Auditivo , Audição , Perda Auditiva Unilateral/fisiopatologia , Perda Auditiva Unilateral/reabilitação , Humanos , Microcirculação
17.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 276-280, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040023

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Even people with normal hearing may have difficulties locating a sound source in unfavorable sound environments where competitive noise is intense. Objective To develop, describe, validate and establish the normality curve of the sound localization test. Method The sample consisted of 100 healthy subjects with normal hearing, > 18 years old,who agreed to participate in the study. The sound localization testwas applied after the subjects underwent a tonal audiometry exam. For this purpose, a calibrated free field test environment was set up. Then, 30 randompure tones were presented in 2 speakers placed at 45° (on the right and on the left sides of the subject), and the noise was presented froma 3rd speaker, placed at 180°. The noise was presented in 3 hearing situations: optimal listening condition (no noise), noise in relation to 0 dB, and noise in relation to - 10 dB. The subject was asked to point out the side where the pure tone was being perceived, even in the presence of noise. Results All of the 100 participants performed the test in an average time of 99 seconds. The average score was 21, the medium score was 23, and the standard deviation was 3.05. Conclusion The sound localization test proved to be easy to set-up and to apply. The results obtained in the validation of the test suggest that individuals with normal hearing should locate 70% of the presented stimuli. The test can constitute an important instrument in the measurement of noise interference in the ability to locate the sound.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Localização de Som/fisiologia , Audição/fisiologia , Ruído , Limiar Auditivo/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudo Clínico , Testes Auditivos
18.
Undersea Hyperb Med ; 46(3): 261-269, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394597

RESUMO

Auditory processing disorders are common following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), but the neurocircuitry involved is not well understood. The present study used functional MRI to examine auditory cortex activation patterns during a passive listening task in a normative population and mTBI patients with and without clinical central auditory processing deficits (APD) as defined by the SCAN-3:A clinical battery. Patients with mTBI had overall patterns of lower auditory cortex activation during the listening tasks as compared to normative controls. A significant lateralization pattern (pairwise t-test; p⟨0.05) was observed in normative controls and in those with mTBI and APD during single-side stimulation. Additionally, baseline connectivity between left and right auditory cortices was lower in mTBI patients than in controls (p=0.01) and significantly reduced in the mTBI with APD group (p=0.008). Correlation was also observed between bilateral task-related activation and competing words subscore of the SCAN-3:A. These findings suggest the passive listening task is well suited to probe auditory function in military personnel with an mTBI diagnosis. Further, the study supports the use of multiple approaches for detecting and assessing central auditory deficits to improve monitoring of short- and long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Córtex Auditivo/fisiopatologia , Doenças Auditivas Centrais/fisiopatologia , Vias Auditivas/fisiopatologia , Concussão Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Córtex Auditivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Auditivas Centrais/diagnóstico , Doenças Auditivas Centrais/etiologia , Vias Auditivas/lesões , Concussão Encefálica/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Audição/fisiologia , Testes Auditivos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Militares , Testes de Função Vestibular , Veteranos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(9): 840-844;847, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446700

RESUMO

Summary Chiari malformation type Ⅰ(CMI) is a disorder characterized by tonsilla cerebelli herniating into an underdeveloped posterior cranial fossa, hearing loss is often covered by more striking neurological symptoms. Hearing loss in this syndrome is not specific in terms of gender side, degree, age of onset, and progression. The hearing improvement after posterior fossa decompression is controversial on the basis of literature, while satisfactory result was obtained after cochlear implantation in the patient reported here, who was diagnosed as CMI with hearing loss as the main symptom. Therefore, after ensuring the integrity of the auditory pathway, cochlear implantation may be considered in CMI patients with bilateral severe or profound without other severe neurological symptoms.


Assuntos
Malformação de Arnold-Chiari/complicações , Implante Coclear , Surdez/etiologia , Surdez/cirurgia , Fossa Craniana Posterior/patologia , Audição , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446728

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this study is to investigate the use of CT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) and electrical evoked auditory brainstem response in children with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) before cochlear implantation (CI) (electrically evoked auditory brain stem response, EABR) evaluated auditory pathway, auditory cortex function, and cochlear nerve function. Method:Of 6 children with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, bilateral internal auditory meatus stenosis was diagnosed by CT as in 4 cases and unilateral internal auditory meatus stenosis in 1 case. In 3 cases, oblique sagittal MRI reconstruction of the internal auditory meatus showed only facial nerve and vestibular nerve existence. 6 cases were diagnosed as CND by imaging, among which underwent fMRI and EABR in 3 cases, respectively. All the children received unilateral CI and were followed up for at least 1 year after hearing and speech rehabilitation. Result:fMRI was examed in 3 cases with CND. It showed that the right auditory cortex was activated in 1 case after sound given to the left ear but no activation was found in the left cortex when sound given to the right ear. 1 case showed activation in bilateral transverse temporal gyrus while sound was given to the left, right and both ears at 2000Hz. Another case had no activation in both auditory cortex. EABR detection elicited V wave in 2 of 3 cases. 6 children received audiological and speech evaluation 1 month, 6 and 12 months after CI. Among them, the hearing level was improved within 6 months after surgery in 4 cases, and the threshold of sound field was (48.15±6.60) dB HL, MAIS and CAP scores were improved. However, SIR score improvement is limited in 3 cases. The hearing level was improved in 1 case, but speech rehabilitation was poor mainly due to the older age. Conclusion:Preoperative comprehensive application of imaging and electrophysiological evaluation of children with CND can more accurately assess the integrity of the auditory pathway and understand the function of the cochlear nerve. It has important reference significance for whether or not to perform surgery. There was a significant difference in auditory speech rehabilitation after CND in children with CND.


Assuntos
Córtex Auditivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Implante Coclear , Implantes Cocleares , Nervo Coclear/fisiopatologia , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial , Criança , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos do Tronco Encefálico , Audição , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
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