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1.
Dev Psychobiol ; 64(5): e22282, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35603417

RESUMO

Children continually encounter situations where they must regulate impulsive responses to achieve a goal, requiring both self-control (SC) and delay of gratification. We examined concurrent behavioral SC strategies (fidgeting, vocalizations, anticipation) and physiological regulation (heart rate [HR], respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA]) in 126 children (M (SD) = 5.4 (0.29) years) during a standard delay of gratification task. Latent variable models derived latent SC classes and examined the moderating role of HR/RSA on SC and delay ability. Three classes of SC were identified: passive: low fidgeting and vocalizations, moderate anticipation; active: moderate fidgeting, low vocalizations, and high anticipation; and disruptive: moderate fidgeting, high vocalizations, and high anticipation. Children in the active class had the lowest odds of delaying full task time, compared to children in the passive (OR = 0.67, z = -5.25, p < .001) and disruptive classes (OR = 0.76, z = -2.03, p = .04). RSA changes during the task moderated the relationship between SC class and delay ability for children in the active class (aOR = 0.92, z = -3.1, p < .01). Within the group who struggled to delay gratification (active class), a subset exhibiting appropriate autonomic regulation was able to delay. The findings suggest probing congruency of observed behavioral and unobserved physiological regulation.


Assuntos
Desvalorização pelo Atraso , Arritmia Sinusal Respiratória , Autocontrole , Criança , Desvalorização pelo Atraso/fisiologia , Humanos , Comportamento Impulsivo , Motivação , Prazer , Arritmia Sinusal Respiratória/fisiologia
2.
J Community Health Nurs ; 39(2): 59-70, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35603875

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study generated a model of self-control in quarantined individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea. DESIGN: Grounded theory methodology was utilized. METHOD: 21 participants who underwent quarantine participated in interviews. FINDINGS: "Adhering to the quarantine rules to achieve a goal for the public good" was determined to be a core category describing self-control in quarantined individuals. They showed enduring behaviors with a specific pattern, which were classified into five phases. CONCLUSION: With careful consideration, quarantine can be an effective means of protecting community. CLINICAL EVIDENCE: Public health nursing interventions that fulfill basic needs and provide information are needed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Autocontrole , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Quarentena , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
3.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 220: 105420, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35378323

RESUMO

Previous research has established the important role of self-regulation in supporting school readiness and academic learning. However, most of the research has not included examinations of the relation between early writing and self-regulation, although writing is an academic skill that also contributes to school readiness. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the associations between self-regulation and early writing as children transitioned from preschool to first grade. Two groups of children were followed longitudinally. Group 1 (n = 171) was followed from preschool to kindergarten to Grade 1, and Group 2 (n = 196) was followed from a first year of preschool (Preschool 1) to a second year of preschool (Preschool 2) to kindergarten. Writing assessments included tasks at the word, sentence, and discourse levels. Self-regulation was measured using the Heads-Toes-Knees-Shoulders task. Writing and self-regulation were stable across the early years. Writing achievement was concurrently related to and significantly predicted later self-regulation. Self-regulation was concurrently associated with writing achievement but did not predict later writing achievement. Structural equation modeling results indicated that writing was a significant predictor of longitudinal change in self-regulation from preschool to kindergarten. The bidirectional relations between self-regulation and writing achievement were not supported by the data. Implications of the findings and future directions are discussed, including the effect of task demands in understanding relations between self-regulation and academic skills.


Assuntos
Instituições Acadêmicas , Autocontrole , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Escolaridade , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Redação
4.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266874, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427372

RESUMO

This study examined the distinctive roles of chronotype and trait self-control in predicting sleep quality and the mediation of sleep hygiene habits and bedtime media use of the relations between chronotype, trait self-control and sleep quality. Self-report questionnaire measuring chronotype, trait self-control, sleep hygiene behaviors, bedtime media use and sleep quality was administered to 224 Chinese adult participants (83.5% female). A multiple mediation model was estimated with sleep hygiene habits and bedtime media use as parallel mediators of the relations between chronotype, trait self-control, and sleep quality. Chronotype and trait self-control positively predicted sleep quality. Results of mediation analyses indicated that trait self-control predicted sleep quality both directly and indirectly through pre-sleep stress management and keeping a restful sleep environment, whereas chronotype predicted sleep quality indirectly through pre-sleep stress management and bedtime media use. This study provides evidence for the possible mechanism through which eveningness and low trait self-control undermine sleep quality: Whereas bedtime media use and sleep timing irregularity are linked to poor sleep quality in evening types, environmental interference (e.g., noise or disorganization) appears to be more relevant to poor sleep quality in individuals low in self-control. These findings can inform the design of personalized sleep hygiene recommendations appropriate for the target population. Practical implications regarding sleep hygiene education and interventions are discussed.


Assuntos
Autocontrole , Higiene do Sono , Adulto , China , Ritmo Circadiano , Feminino , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 25(4): 237-244, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363564

RESUMO

This study was performed to examine whether depressive symptoms (DPs) and low self-control (LSC) traits has modifying effects on the association of time spent on Internet gaming and problematic Internet game use (PIGU). Among 1,535 middle school students, 42.1 percent reported playing ≥1.5 hours of Internet games/day on average, and 10.0 percent were classified as PIGU. Stratified multiple logistic regression analysis showed gameplay of ≥1.5 hours/day led to more PIGU in the non-LSC traits group (higher DP group, p < 0.001; lower group, p = 0.019). In LSC trait group, in contrast, time spent on Internet gamine was not associated with PIGU regardless of the level of DP. Adolescents without LSC traits, to which most youths belong, might have higher possibility of PIGU if they do not limit their time spent on Internet gaming, regardless of whether they are depressed or not. In case of LSC trait, additional strategies would be needed. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02415322.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Autocontrole , Jogos de Vídeo , Adolescente , Depressão , Humanos , Internet
6.
Nutrients ; 14(8)2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458243

RESUMO

The self-regulation of eating behaviors (suppression of behavioral short-term impulse to consume food products in the interest of pursuing long-term weight goals), has been an important determinant for adopting a healthy lifestyle in the period of the COVID-19 pandemic in adults, but there have been no such studies conducted in the population of adolescents in this period. The aim of the presented study is to analyze self-regulation of eating behaviors in the population-based sample of Polish adolescents within the Polish Adolescents' COVID-19 Experience (PLACE-19) Study. The Self-Regulation of Eating Behavior Questionnaire (SREBQ) was used to assess self-regulation of eating behaviors in the studied population of 1126 Polish adolescents (818 females and 308 males), aged 15-20, recruited based on a random quota sampling within a national sample. Based on the screening questions of the SREBQ, 145 individuals were excluded from the analysis. The participants of the study were categorized based on their gender, body mass index, body mass index change during the COVID-19 pandemic, and food products declared as tempting. The major factors associated with SREBQ score were body mass index change and tempting food products. The respondents losing weight during the COVID-19 pandemic were characterized by a higher SREBQ score than those maintaining stable body mass or gaining weight (3.4 vs. 3.2 vs. 3.2; p = 0.0001). The respondents declaring both sweet and salty food products as tempting were characterized by a lower SREBQ score than those declaring only sweet, only salty, or declaring no tempting products (3.2 vs. 3.4 vs. 3.4 vs. 3.4; p < 0.0001). The major factors associated with SREBQ categories were gender, body mass index change, and tempting food products. A higher share of respondents characterized by a high self-regulation of eating behaviors was observed for males than for females (27.4% vs. 18.8%; p = 0.0142); for respondents losing weight during the COVID-19 pandemic than for respondents gaining weight (25.9% vs. 15.5%; p = 0.0423); as well as for respondents declaring no tempting products than those declaring both sweet and salty food products (38.3% vs. 18.2%; p < 0.0001). It was concluded that the self-regulation of eating behaviors in adolescents is closely associated with food products perceived as tempting by them, as well as with gender. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the low self-regulation of eating behaviors was a significant determinant of the body mass gain. Taking this into account, female adolescents characterized by a low self-regulation of eating behaviors especially should be subjected to a dedicated intervention program to prevent overweight and obesity.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Autocontrole , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Polônia/epidemiologia
7.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 54(4): 311-319, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400396

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine self-regulation of food intake among college students. DESIGN: Randomized cross-over study completed between September and November, 2019. SETTING: A large public university, Florida International University in South Florida. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 60 undergraduate college students, mean age of 19.8 ± 1.43 years old, 62% female, 74% Hispanic, 76% White. INTERVENTION(S): Participants attended 2 trials 1 week apart. During each visit, students were offered a preload drink (either 0 or 210 kcal) followed by a buffet-style lunch. Food intake was estimated using weights and pictures of the plates before and after eating and was compared between the 2 sessions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Self-regulation by calculating compensation indices (COMPX) and their correlation with students' body mass index (BMI). ANALYSIS: Intake differences were examined using Welch and t tests. Regression analysis was used to assess correlations. RESULTS: Students exhibited the ability to calorie compensate when intake is manipulated with a mean COMPX of 95.57 ± 71.19. No score was perfect. There was a significant correlation between BMI and COMPX scores (F = 10.71, P < 0.001, r2 = 0.292). Food choices differed between different BMI categories. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Participants showed some degree of self-regulation, which suggests opportunities for creating effective interventions to improve health status and promote a more sustainable method to control consumption among college students.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia , Autocontrole , Adolescente , Adulto , Ingestão de Alimentos , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6127, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414098

RESUMO

Top-level management teams are particularly exposed to stress factors as they frequently have to make important decision under stress. While an existing body of research evidence suggests that stress negatively affects decision-making processes, very little is known about possible strategies to reduce these negative effects. The aim of the current work is to investigate the effect of training self-regulation ability through neurobiofeedback on managers' intertemporal and risky decision making. Twenty-three managers were assigned to the experimental or the control condition. All participants performed, two decisional tasks, before and after a training phase. The tasks were administered through mouse tracker software, in order to measure participants' delay discounting and risk taking propensity on both explicit and implicit choice parameters. During the training phase, the experimental condition received a training protocol based on stress assessment tests via neurobiofeedback signals (i.e., temperature and skin conductance), with the goal of improving self-regulation ability while the control condition was administered a control training. The main result of this study is to have conclusively demonstrated that NBF training increases an individual's ability to self-regulate stress-related psychophysiological phenomena. Consequently, the improved ability to manage one's own reaction to stress enables a reduction in instinctive behavior during a probabilistic choice task.


Assuntos
Biorretroalimentação Psicológica/fisiologia , Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia , Aprendizagem , Autocontrole , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Assunção de Riscos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
9.
J Adolesc ; 94(3): 477-487, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390191

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Self-control predicts academic achievement and social outcomes in adolescents. Despite the increased role of peers in the lives of adolescents, little is known about whether peers' views of an individual's self-control have predictive validity for academic and social outcomes. METHOD: In a longitudinal study involving over 1500 adolescents (Mage = 13.74), we examined whether peer nomination of self-control provides incremental predictive validity over and above self-reports for rank-order changes in academic achievement and friendship (i.e., the total number of nominations received as a best friend). To do so, we followed 8th graders through the 9th grade, measuring self-reported self-control (academic vs. social), peer-nominated self-control (academic vs. social), grade point average, and friendship. RESULTS: Peer-nominated academic self-control predicted rank-order changes in grade point average and peer-nominated interpersonal self-control predicted rank-order changes in friendship over and above self-reported academic and interpersonal self-control. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate the predictive utility of peer nominations in research on self-control.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Autocontrole , Adolescente , Amigos , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estudos Longitudinais , Grupo Associado
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457740

RESUMO

Remote work has escalated as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, and citizens have been doing their part to mitigate the spread of viral infection. The downside of quickly switching from a workplace office to remote work is that neither employees nor employers have had time to consciously process the new work environment and formally evaluate health and safety concerns. The aim of this commentary was to make suggestions on how to make remote work more satisfying, safe, and healthy for employees. First, I explored existing research on disease outbreaks and mental stress as the backdrop for discussing health-related strategies. To determine which types of strategies or measures would help, next I examined existing organizational research, including a qualitative study by my colleagues on workers' perceptions about what makes a healthy workplace. Themes that emerged from the qualitative study align with three broad recommendations discussed in this commentary: cultivating personal space, building in ergonomics, and boosting self-regulation (self-learning) skills. Finally, I suggested that future research should explore the joint roles of the worker and his/her management team in recognition of organizational commitment to occupational health and safety alongside each worker's need for autonomy in their personal workspace.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Autocontrole , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Espaço Pessoal , Local de Trabalho
11.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6951, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484276

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that drivers with cataract self-regulate their driving, but there is a lack of objective information. This study compared speed behavior in older drivers with and without cataract and how the parameter is influenced by road traffic complexity and driver characteristics. The study included 15 drivers with cataract and a control group of 20 drivers. Visual status was assessed using visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and intraocular straylight. Speed management was studied using a driving simulator. Driving difficulty and self-regulation patterns were evaluated by means of the Driver Habits Questionnaire (DHQ). The cataract group showed a significant decrease in visual function in all the parameters evaluated (p < 0.05). These drivers tended to drive at lower speeds than the control group. Road characteristics, gender, and intraocular straylight in the better eye were identified as significant predictors of speed management. Drivers with cataract experience greater driving difficulty, particularly when driving at night (p < 0.05). Drivers with cataract reduce their driving speed more than older drivers without visual impairment. The straylight parameter may be a good indicator of each driver's subjective perception of their own visual ability to drive. This work helps shed light on the mechanisms through which age-related visual impairment influences driving behavior.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Extração de Catarata , Catarata , Autocontrole , Baixa Visão , Idoso , Humanos
12.
Front Public Health ; 10: 802448, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35345506

RESUMO

Self-control is an important trait for humans to perceive inner and outer perceptions while maintaining harmony with others in society. People with lower self-control are more likely to engage in undesired or irresponsible behavior. The Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS) is an effective scale with a brief set of items which can effectively measure the level of an individual's control abilities. So far, it has been widely used in many longitudinal studies. However, the factor structure of the scale remains controversial, and far fewer studies have examined the longitudinal measurement invariance of the BSCS. This study aimed to revise the BSCS and test its factor structure for use in Chinese adolescents. Three samples of adolescents (N = 1,330/1,000/600, 11-19 years of age) were used. The item-total correlation and inter-item correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the quality of items. The exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the principle component analysis (PCA) of the residuals were performed to test the factor structure of the BSCS. Three nested models were used to test the longitudinal measurement invariance (LMI) of the BSCS. Pearson correlation coefficient and Cronbach's alpha coefficient were conducted to test the criterion validity and internal consistency reliability, respectively. According to the CFA of different dimensional models of the BSCS, the results did not support the two-dimensional model, and poor factor loading was found for Item 12. Based on this, combined with lower item-total correlation and item-item correlations, Item 12 was eliminated. Based on results of the EFA with both Kaiser eigenvalues and minimum average partial correlations, only one factor of the revised 12-item BSCS was extracted to make the fit indices of the confirmatory factor analysis acceptable. Meanwhile, the results of principle component analysis of the residuals supported the unidimensional assumption. The fit indices of three nested models supported the longitudinal measurement invariance, indicating that this scale has the same meaning over time. The internal consistency coefficient of the BSCS-12 was 0.81 and the test-retest reliability was 0.70. Good concurrent validity was also demonstrated. Overall, these findings suggest that the revised 12-item Tangney's Brief Self-Control Scale has a one-dimensional structure and has good reliability and validity in Chinese adolescents.


Assuntos
Autocontrole , Adolescente , China , Humanos , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
J Safety Res ; 80: 330-340, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35249613

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: As China has recently lifted the age limit for getting access to driving licenses, older drivers' safety issues have received wide attention. Driving self-regulation can be regarded as an adjustment strategy for older adults to reduce risks and extend driving lives. Studies abroad mainly stress the three levels and influencing factors of driving self-regulation. China has a long history with a unique cultural background and social reality and relevant research are still in the initial stage. METHOD: This study applied the extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to explore the psychological factors that affected self-regulation of older drivers. 317 participants mainly from Beijing urban area completed the questionnaires including demographic information and extend TPB items. RESULTS: Bivariate correlation analysis showed that self-regulation was negatively correlated with the amount of driving experience (days per week and mileages per month) in a significant way. And so was the number of family-owned motor vehicles. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the extended TPB questionnaire was reliable and effective for measuring self-regulation. The proposed Structural Equation Model (SEM) explained 73.673% of the variance in self-regulation intention. Attitude (0.50) had the strongest influence among all variables on intention. Subjective norms (0.28), perceived behavior control (0.27), and alternative traffic quality (0.20) significantly influenced intention. Intention (0.34) and physical condition (0.22) imposed significant effect on self-regulation behavior. Practical applications: Feasible suggestions were put forward that contribute to self-regulate reasonably. This study helps to better understand the nature of self-regulation behaviors and provides a theoretical basis for formulating scientific intervention measures. On the transportation side, people from all communities of society should care for and support older drivers.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Autocontrole , Idoso , Atitude , Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Humanos , Intenção , Veículos Automotores , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 30(4): 864-868, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35244351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CFBAI) in reducing children's exposure to ads for candy and sweetened beverages. METHODS: Survey data were used to determine the television programs that children watch and the time slots during which they watch television. Advertisement placement data were used to count the number of candy and sweetened beverage (SB) ads appearing on programs and during those time slots. Advertisement placement data and children's exposure measures were examined for 2003 to 2013. RESULTS: There was a dramatic decline in children's exposure to ads for candy and SBs. The declines occurred before CFBAI implementation and occurred for each demographic group. There was no evidence that advertisers moved ads to programs watched by both children and teens/adults, i.e., programs not likely governed by the CFBAI. CONCLUSION: There was a striking decline in ad placements and children's exposure to ads for candy and SBs, much of which occurred when the CFBAI was being negotiated. Voluntary agreements have the potential to be successful, and some gains may occur even as firms and government negotiate the agreement.


Assuntos
Publicidade , Autocontrole , Adolescente , Adulto , Bebidas , Criança , Alimentos , Indústria Alimentícia , Humanos , Televisão
15.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 4901, 2022 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35318377

RESUMO

Climate drivers are increasingly creating conditions conducive to higher frequency fires. In the coniferous boreal forest, the world's largest terrestrial biome, fires are historically common but relatively infrequent. Post-fire, regenerating forests are generally resistant to burning (strong fire self-regulation), favoring millennial coniferous resilience. However, short intervals between fires are associated with rapid, threshold-like losses of resilience and changes to broadleaf or shrub communities, impacting carbon content, habitat, and other ecosystem services. Fires burning the same location 2 + times comprise approximately 4% of all Alaskan boreal fire events since 1984, and the fraction of short-interval events (< 20 years between fires) is increasing with time. While there is strong resistance to burning for the first decade after a fire, from 10 to 20 years post-fire resistance appears to decline. Reburning is biased towards coniferous forests and in areas with seasonally variable precipitation, and that proportion appears to be increasing with time, suggesting continued forest shifts as changing climatic drivers overwhelm the resistance of early postfire landscapes to reburning. As area burned in large fire years of ~ 15 years ago begin to mature, there is potential for more widespread shifts, which should be evaluated closely to understand finer grained patterns within this regional trend.


Assuntos
Incêndios , Autocontrole , Traqueófitas , Ecossistema , Florestas , Taiga , Árvores
16.
Subst Use Misuse ; 57(6): 956-966, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35341458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research has shown independent attention in the role of self-control and health/risk perceptions toward vaping in predicting vaping use among youth and young adults. Yet, there are good theoretical notions to believe that low self-control, perceptions toward vaping, and self-reported vaping are intertwined. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether three different health/risk perceptions toward vaping mediate the effect of low self-control on vaping use among young adults. METHODS: A survey was administered to 325 undergraduate students attending a large university in the Midwest (Mean age = 19.5; 60.4% female; 73.1% White). Single and multiple mediation modeling strategies were used to assess the mediation hypothesis. RESULTS: Logistic regression results indicate that individuals with low self-control are more likely to vape (O.R. = 1.041, p < .05). Further, when health/risk perceptions are included in the models individually and simultaneously, it reduces the effect of low self-control on vaping between 15% and 37.5%, and renders low self-control to become non-significant. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest the impact that harm/risk perceptions toward vaping have in engaging in this behavior. Thus, preventative efforts should target potential sources, such as media and advertisements, that may shape young adults' perceptions toward vaping.


Assuntos
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Autocontrole , Vaping , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Interpers Violence ; 37(9-10): 5937-5957, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259313

RESUMO

Despite a recent growth in studies on cyberbullying, extant knowledge on the underlying mechanisms of cyberbullying remain limited. The objective of the present study is to explore the dynamics of cyberbullying via traditional bullying, self-control, and delinquent peer association. Specifically, the following hypotheses guide the present study: (1) traditional bullying, low self-control, and delinquent peer association are predictive of cyberbullying, respectively, (2) the interaction between traditional bullying and low self-control has a significant impact on cyberbullying, and (3) the interaction between traditional bullying and delinquent peer association has a significant impact on cyberbullying. The present study relies on five waves of the Korean Youth Panel Survey (KYPS), a representative sample of South Korean adolescents. Data collection occurred annually and respondents were 14 years old at the first wave in 2003. KYPS is an almost gender-equal and racially/ethnically homogenous sample. Results of cross-lagged dynamic panel models show (1) significant effects of traditional bullying on cyberbullying with and without low self-control and delinquent peer affiliation, (2) the respective roles of self-control and delinquent peer association in the prediction of cyberbullying, and (3) an interaction effect between low self-control and traditional bullying on cyberbullying. These findings demonstrate the theoretical validity of self-control theory and social learning theory in online delinquent behavior as well as confirm their cross-cultural generalizability in a non-Western sample. The findings also highlight the importance of investing in early life-course prevention/intervention programs and policies to prevent and/or reduce the occurrence of bullying, regardless of whether it is being perpetrated face-to-face or online, and these programs and policies should also target components to improve self-control and reduce delinquent peer associations.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Cyberbullying , Autocontrole , Adolescente , Humanos , República da Coreia
18.
BMJ Open ; 12(3): e057122, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35232791

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Endometrial thickness is an important parameter to evaluate endometrial receptivity. An appropriate endometrial thickness is necessary for both embryo implantation and maintaining normal pregnancy. Women with thin endometrium are one of the critical challenges in the clinic, and current therapeutic strategies for thin endometrium remain suboptimal. The stromal vascular fraction (SVF) derived from adipose tissue contains a variety of cells, mainly adipose-derived stem/stromal cells and adipose cells. Recently, adipose tissue-derived SVF showed tremendous potential for treating thin endometrium due to its capacity to repair and regenerate tissues. The application of SVF in animal models for treating thin endometrium has been investigated. However, limited evidence has demonstrated the efficacy and safety of autologous SVF in patients with thin endometrium. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study is a single-centre, longitudinal, prospective self-control study to investigate the preliminary efficacy and safety of autologous SVF in improving the pregnancy outcome of infertile patients with thin endometrium. Thirty patients diagnosed with thin endometrium will be recruited based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The SVF suspension will be transferred into the uterine cavity via an embryo transfer catheter. Then, comparisons between pretreatment and post-treatment will be analysed, and the outcomes, including endometrial thickness, menstrual volume and duration, frequency and severity of adverse events and early pregnancy outcomes, will be measured within a 3-month follow-up, while late pregnancy outcomes and their offspring will be followed up via telephone for 2 years. The proportion of patients with improved symptoms will be calculated and compared. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Peking University Third Hospital (reference number: REC2020-165). Written informed consent will be provided for patients before being included. The results will be presented at academic conferences and a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2000035126.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Autocontrole , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Endométrio , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307999

RESUMO

Intensive technology development as well as the COVID-19 pandemic has contributed to the increased interest in the telemedicine and mHealth sector. Increasing availability and use of mobile devices as well as the constantly growing number of nutritional mobile applications, resulted in creating new tools for food and meals nutrients calculation which can be used by patients with diabetes. Variety of mobile applications and multiple functions included in them enable finding applications focused on individual patients' needs. The scientific data coming from research conducted so far suggest that the regular use of mobile nutritional applications contributes to improving metabolic control of diabetes and the reduction of the value of glycated hemoglobin in patients with diabetes. Innovative solutions bring hope also for a significant improvement in the quality of life of patients. The aim of this article was to summarize the EBM knowledge about the use of mHealth in self-control and diet of patients with diabetes, especially type 1 and to present and assess the nutrition mobile applications available in polish language according to their functionality in diabetic self-control.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus , Autocontrole , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Humanos , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida
20.
Psychiatr Hung ; 37(1): 29-40, 2022.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35311695

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The prevention of social anxiety alone and in the prevention of comorbid diseases is key. In the present research, we examine subclinical-level social anxiety from a previously understudied perspective, in its asso ciation with environmental self-regulatory strategies. We use the theory of favorite places to describe environmental self-regulatory processes. The aim of the research is to determine how subclinical level social anxiety is related to the environmental self-regulatory processes taking place in favorite places. METHODS: In the study, we conducted an online questionnaire survey of 483 adults who were clinically healthy - 329 women (68.11%) and 154 men (31.88%). Respondents' social anxiety was assessed with the Fear of Negative Evaluation Questionnaire (BFNE-S), while environmental self-regulatory strategies were assessed with the Favorite Places Questionnaire. RESULTS: The extent of social anxiety was correlated with visiting favorite places in positive and negative emotional states, as well as the level of recovering and distressing experiences in the favorite place. Within the subsample characterized by elevated social anxiety, the pattern that visiting a favorite place helps a person regain his or her emotional balance primarily through the regulation of negative experiences was more characteristic. However, we found no correlation between the type of favorite place (e.g., place of residence, natural place) and the person's level of social anxiety. CONCLUSION: The research highlights that individuals with subclinical-level social anxiety are particularly active in using environmental self-regulatory processes to achieve their emotional balance. In prevention and clinical practice, it is worthwhile to monitor environmental self-regulatory processes and support for related needs, with particular emphasis on place use patterns.


Assuntos
Medo , Autocontrole , Adulto , Ansiedade , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
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