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2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18230, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute radiation dermatitis (ARD) is a common adverse effect in patients undergoing radiotherapy. Mometasone furoate cream (MMF) was reported to significantly reduce ARD, especially in breast cancer. Clinically, ARD is more critical and more difficult to prevent in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) than in those with breast cancer, because a higher dose of radiotherapy is required in HNSCC cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of MMF local application on radiation dermatitis in patients with HNSCC. METHODS: HNSCC patients scheduled for bilateral radical radiotherapy to the neck with identical radiation doses were enrolled. One side of the neck skin (test groups) of the patients were randomized to apply a thin layer of MMF once a day from the date of first radiotherapy until either 2 weeks after end of radiotherapy or until the test side skin developed ARD lesions, while the other side of neck (control groups) didn't apply any medication. The severity of ARD was evaluated weekly by using the modified radiation therapy oncology group score, pain intensity, and itch stages. RESULTS: Forty-one patients (82 targets) were analyzed. There was a significant difference between the ARD scores on the test side and the control side. MMF reduced the stages of ARD when the radiotherapy dose was <6000 cGY (P = .01) but showed no improvement when the dose was ≥6000 cGY (P = .699). Compared to the control side, local application of MMF significantly reduced the itch and pain scores of the test side skin regardless of the radiotherapy dose and ARD stage (P < .001) during radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that MMF inunction after high-dose radiotherapy (>50 Gy) can prevent ARD, especially when the radiation dose is <6000 cGY.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Furoato de Mometasona/uso terapêutico , Radiodermatite/prevenção & controle , Administração Cutânea , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Furoato de Mometasona/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Autocuidado/métodos , Creme para a Pele , Adulto Jovem
3.
Rev. salud pública Parag ; 9(2): [P53-P57], Dic 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1047139

RESUMO

Introducción: Para la Teoría de Enfermería del Déficit de Autocuidado (TEDA), el enfermero trabaja con "sistemas de enfermería": parcialmente compensatorio, totalmente compensatorio y sistema de apoyo educativo. Para este último, los materiales informativos (educativos) impresos son importantes. De la legibilidad de ellos depende la eficacia de los programas del Ministerio de Salud Pública y Bienestar Social (MSP y BS) del Paraguay. Sin embargo, esta legibilidad no ha sido estudiada en el país. Objetivo: Analizar la legibilidad lingüística de materiales informativos impresos, divulgados por el MSP y BS, aplicando el Índice de Niebla de Gunning (ING). Materiales y métodos: De los materiales informativos impresos, publicados por el MSP y BS entre 2003 y 2018, se identificó un corpus de 49 materiales. De ellos, por muestreo aleatorio polietápico, fueron seleccionados 250 párrafos. Se calculó el ING de cada uno. La media de ING de dichos párrafos se comparó con un "patrón oro", elaborado para el español paraguayo estándar a partir de una muestra artículos de opinión de periódicos de circulación nacional. Resultados: La media de legibilidad lingüística calculada fue 20,50, valor de un nivel de dificultad "normal" en la escala del patrón oro elaborado con artículos periodísticos de opinión. Conclusión: Los párrafos estudiados, en promedio, tienen niveles de legibilidad comparables con los de artículos de opinión de periódicos de circulación nacional. Dado que la media de años de escolaridad de la población del país (8,4 años) es baja, la eficacia de los materiales informativos impresos, para fines de autocuidado, no está garantizada. Palabras clave: Autocuidado, Sistemas de enfermería, Materiales informativos impresos, Legibilidad lingüística.


Introduction: The Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory (SCDNT) states that nurses work with "nursing systems": Partly compensatory, Wholly compensatory and Supportive-educative. For the latter, printed health instructional resources are important. The efficacy of the programs of the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare (MPH & SW) of Paraguay depends on the readability of those informational aids. However, there are no studies about the readability of these health educational resources in the country. Objective: To analyze the readability of printed health educational resources published by the MPH & SW, applying the Gunning Fog Index (GFI). Methods: A corpus of 49 health informational resources, published by the MPH & SW between 2003 and 2018, was identified. From these, by random multi-stage sampling, 250 paragraphs were selected. The GFI of each one was calculated. The mean of GFI of these paragraphs was compared with a "gold standard", designed for the Paraguayan Spanish, based on a sample of opinion articles of national newspapers. Results: The mean of GFI calculated was 20.50, which can be read as a "normal" difficulty level on the gold standard scale developed with newspaper opinion articles. Conclusion: The paragraphs studied, on average, have comparable readability levels with opinion articles of national newspapers. Since the schooling year average of the country's population is low (8.4 years), the efficacy of the printed health educational resource for self-care purposes is not guaranteed. Keywords: Self-Care, Nursing Systems, Printed Health Educational Resources, Readability.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Autocuidado , Compreensão , Linguística , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos
4.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 126(12): 673-678, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840679

RESUMO

Oral health in frail older people is often poor. There are a number of reasons for this, such as increased morbity and decreased motivation for (self) care. Good oral health is, however, very important. Studies have revealed poor oral health to cause or aggravate several medical and psychological problems. Illness and medication can, in turn, damage oral health. Oral health among the elderly should therefore be carefully monitored and maintained. This requires multidisciplinary and interprofessional collaboration on the part of healthcare professionals and others involved. Such collaboration is now still very limited; hardly anything has been written about how such collaboration in the area of oral care for frail older people should or could be organised. This article provides an overview of the possibilities and the relevant factors in the area of oral care for the elderly in promoting collaboration among healthcare professionals and others involved. All of this is under the banner of 'united we stand'.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Saúde Bucal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Autocuidado
5.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3183, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: describe the self-care and functionality levels of patients with multiple sclerosis and determine whether sociodemographic, clinical and functional variables interfere with self-care and/or functionality. METHOD: correlational, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach performed with individuals in outpatient follow-up. We collected sociodemographic and clinical data and applied the Appraisal of Self-care Agency Scale, the Barthel index, the Lawtton and Brody Scale, and the instrument to investigate the performance in Advanced Activities of Daily Living. We performed descriptive and inferential analysis. RESULTS: most patients were classified as "having self-care" (82.14%); with moderate dependence (51.19%) for the basic activities of daily living, partial dependence for the instrumental activities of daily living (55.95%), and more active for the advanced activities of daily living (85.71%). Patients with longer disease duration had a higher number of disabilities and, in those with better socioeconomic and educational profile, the functionality was better. CONCLUSION: disease duration was strongly correlated with a higher number of disabilities and better socioeconomic and educational profiles showed to be protective factors for functionality. Care planning should consider the needs observed by the multidisciplinary team, stimulating the development of self-care, functionality and sociability.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Esclerose Múltipla/fisiopatologia , Autocuidado , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 162, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565124

RESUMO

Introduction: Autodialysis is the dialysis performed by the patient himself at a local center instead of a hemodialysis center. In Morocco, the practice of hemodialysis dates back to 1970; however, an autodialysis center does not yet exist. The objective was to assess the potential medical fitness and adherence of the patients to an autodialysis program. Methods: Descriptive and analytical multicenter study conducted in March 2015 involving patients from of eight hemodialysis centers in Casablanca (Morocco). The study was conducted in two steps: 1) a transversal assessment of the medical potential to achieve autodialysis that included 556 patients; 2) a survey of the autodialysis membership that included 383 out of 556 patients who were deemed eligible for autodialysis. Results: The average age was 54.63 ± 15.16 years; the average of hemodialysis duration was 85.9 ± 78.1 months. Diabetic nephropathy (22.7%) was the predominant cause of kidney disease. The assessment of medical potential to achieve autodialysis highlighted that almost all of the patients were in good condition (93%), independent (81%), and those without major comorbidities were less than 76 years old. Regarding the potential patients' adherence to autodialysis, among the 383 patients previously deemed suited for autodialysis, 293 (76.5%) responded favorably to the proposal of self-dialysis. Conclusion: The practice of hemodialysis should be implemented in a short time in Morocco because our patients' profile is perfectly suitable to this therapeutic method especially when they are young, in good general condition, autonomous, without major comorbidities, and willing to learn.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/terapia , Diálise Renal/métodos , Autocuidado/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Nefropatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Nefropatias/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Marrocos , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17290, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that self-selection of the training intensity can be an interesting strategy to improve adherence in aerobic exercise programs. However, its effectiveness with weight training has not been systematically reviewed and remains unclear. In this study, we will describe a systematic review protocol that aims to investigate if people are able to self-select an intensity during weight training sufficient to enhance muscular strength. METHODS: This protocol is guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols. In this study, we will search the following electronic databases: PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science and SPORTDiscus. Intervention studies with at least one weight training session performed at self-selected intensity, with people from both genders and all age ranges will be included. The Downs & Black checklist will be used for methodological quality assessment. Two experienced reviewers will independently perform the selection of studies, data extraction, and evaluation of the methodological quality. CONCLUSION: This will be the first systematic review describing the results of weight training intervention studies with self-selected intensity. This study will provide high-quality and reliable evidence for health professionals and may direct methodological recommendations for further studies. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019120323.


Assuntos
Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Autocuidado , Humanos , Força Muscular , Resistência Física , Autocuidado/psicologia
8.
Rev Infirm ; 68(254): 27-28, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587847

RESUMO

The doctor-patient relationship tends to reconfigure. The chronic patient is recognised for the ability to perform certain healthcare activities, but also for a type of expertise related to his or her personal experience with illness. However, what are the individual and collective benefits of this expertise? How is it enhanced by connected medical systems?


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/terapia , Relações Médico-Paciente , Autocuidado/psicologia , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Humanos
9.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(5): 297-301, sept.-oct. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184154

RESUMO

Objetivo: El objetivo de nuestro estudio es conocer la vivencia del dolor posquirúrgico en adolescentes intervenidas quirúrgicamente para la corrección de escoliosis idiopática adolescente (EIA). Método: Estudio cualitativo con enfoque fenomenológico interpretativo, mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas; 7 participantes mujeres, entre 12 y 21 años, fueron entrevistadas entre el tercer y quinto día posterior a la intervención quirúrgica para la corrección de EIA. Los discursos fueron grabados y transcritos verbatim. Para el análisis, se utilizó el análisis de contenido. Resultados: Las categorías constituidas fueron: factores influyentes, valores e ideas, mecanismos de afrontamiento y áreas de mejora. La experiencia dolorosa se presenta como elemento determinante durante la recuperación, estando influida por el propio individuo, por el apoyo recibido y el entorno. Los principales valores e ideas que tienen a cerca del proceso se basan en la información prequirúrgica, que consideran insuficiente. Para afrontar la situación hacen uso de la distracción, la relajación y el consumo de fármacos. Según los informantes, aumentar la información recibida sobre el proceso, facilitar las visitas y la incorporación de técnicas complementarias, mejoraría el control del dolor. Conclusiones: El dolor es el eje central del proceso influido por diversos factores. Los mecanismos de afrontamiento de las pacientes ayudan al manejo de este para lo que también exponen diferentes mejoras


Objective: The aim of our study is to learn about the post-surgical pain experience in adolescents undergoing surgical correction of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). Methods: Qualitative study with an interpretative phenomenological approach. Through semi-structured interviews, 7 informants, women aged between 12 and 21, were interviewed between the third and fifth day after being surgically treated for AIS correction. The speeches were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Content Analysis method was used to analyse the discourse. Results: The categories established were: influential factors, values and ideas, coping mechanisms and improvement areas. Painful experience is a determining factor during recovery, influenced by the individuals themselves, as well as by the support received, and the environment. Their main values and ideas about the process are based on pre-surgical information, which they consider insufficient. In order to cope, they use of distraction, relaxation and drug consumption. According to the informants, increasing the information they are given about the process, facilitating visits and incorporating complementary techniques would improve pain control. Conclusions: Pain is the main focus of the process and is influenced by several factors. The patients' coping mechanisms help in its management. They also put forward different improvement areas


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Escoliose/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Autocuidado , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/psicologia
10.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1340-1346, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022135

RESUMO

Objective: The study's purpose has been to assess the main limitations reported by heart failure bearing patients. Methods: It is a secondary analysis of an exploratory study with a qualitative approach. This study was performed with 15 patients with heart failure, out of the 167 undergoing ambulatory care, and over the period from March to July 2011. The collection of primary data was based on semi-structured interviews with subsequent analysis according to the Bardin's perspective. The secondary analysis was performed according to the retrospective interpretation strategy. Results: There were female predominance (73.3%); incomplete elementary school (80.2%); hypertensive patients (80.2%); dyslipidemic patients (53.4%); and diabetics patients (33.3%). Concerning the daily limitations, the following stand out: impaired walking, precarious sleep pattern, fatigue, dyspnea, loss of autonomy, dependence on others, poor sleep pattern, low sexual activity. Conclusion: By taking into consideration the heart failure, a chronic disease, it is fundamental for nurses to look for guidelines and strategies that are able to develop the capacity for self-care, prevention and health promotion


Objetivo: Analisar as principais limitações relatadas por pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. Método: análise secundária de um estudo exploratório, de abordagem qualitativa, realizado com 15 pacientes portadores de insuficiência cardíaca no período de março a julho de 2011, dentre os 167 em atendimento ambulatorial. A coleta de dados primários deu-se a partir de uma entrevista semi-estruturada, com posterior análise de Bardin, e para presente análise secundária foi utilizada como estratégia a interpretação retrospectiva. Resultados: predominância do sexo feminino (73,3%); ensino fundamental incompleto (80,2%); hipertensos (80,2%); dislipidêmicos (53,4%); diabéticos (33,3%). Quanto às limitações no cotidiano, destacam-se: deambulação prejudicada, padrão de sono precário, fadiga, dispneia, perda de autonomia, dependência de terceiros, padrão de sono precário, baixa frequência da atividade sexual. Conclusão: na insuficiência cardíaca, uma doença crônica, é fundamental que o enfermeiro busque por orientações e estratégias, as quais possam desenvolver a capacidade de autocuidado, prevenção e promoção da saúde


Objetivo: Analizar las principales limitaciones relatadas por pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca. Método: análisis secundario de un estudio exploratorio, de abordaje cualitativo, realizado con 15 pacientes portadores de insuficiencia cardíaca en el período de marzo a julio de 2011, entre los 167 en atención ambulatoria. La recolección de datos primarios se dio a partir de una entrevista semiestructurada, con posterior análisis de Bardin, y para el presente análisis secundario se utilizó como estrategia la interpretación retrospectiva. Resultados: predominio del sexo femenino (73,3%); educación básica incompleta (80,2%); hipertensos (80,2%); dislipidémicos (53,4%); diabéticos (33,3%). En cuanto a las limitaciones en el cotidiano, se destacan: deambulación perjudicada, patrón de sueño precario, fatiga, disnea, pérdida de autonomía, dependencia de terceros, patrón de sueño precario, baja frecuencia de la actividad sexual. Conclusión: en la insuficiencia cardíaca, una enfermedad crónica, es fundamental que el enfermero busque orientaciones y estrategias, que puedan desarrollar la capacidad de autocuidado, prevención y promoción de la salud


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autocuidado/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/enfermagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde
11.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1173-1179, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022199

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever o conhecimento, o comportamento e as práticas em relação ao câncer de próstata em adultos. Métodos: Estudo quantitativo, realizado com 130 homens. A coleta de dados ocorreu no primeiro semestre de 2015, por meio do Modelo de Crenças em Saúde. Resultados: Embora relatem conhecimento sobre o câncer, 30% realizam a dosagem do Antígeno Prostático Específico e 17,6% o exame de toque retal anualmente. A maioria percebe a susceptibilidade e a severidade do câncer e acredita que é capaz de fazer algo por si mesmo, beneficiando-se com esses cuidados. Quanto às barreiras, 16,9% apresentaram comportamento não preventivo. Conclusão: O medo da dor, a vergonha e a falta de coragem para realizar o exame constituem barreiras a esses indivíduos. A equipe de saúde deve oportunizar abordagens considerando esses aspectos, utilizando estratégias que ampliem o acesso dos homens ao serviço de saúde e estimulem a prática do autocuidado


Objective: The study's purpose has benn to describe the knowledge, behavior and health practices regarding the prostate cancer in adults. Methods: It is a cross-sectional and descriptive study with a quantitative approach, which had 130 participating men. Data collection took place from March to April 2015, using the Health Belief Model. Results: Although they report having knowledge about cancer, only 30% had done the prostate-specific antigen dosage and 17.6% the rectal examination annually. Most comprehend the susceptibility and severity of this cancer, and believe that they are capable of doing something for themselves and benefiting from such care. Regarding the barriers, 16.9% had non-preventive behavior. Conclusion: Fear of pain, shame, and lack of courage to take the exam are barriers to these individuals. The health team should opportunistically approach these aspects by using strategies that increase men's access to health care and encourage self-care practices


Objetivo: Describir el conocimiento, el comportamiento y las prácticas en relación al cáncer de próstata en adultos. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, realizado con 130 hombres. La recolección de datos ocurrió entre marzo a abril de 2015, a través del Modelo de Creencias en Salud. Resultados: Aunque reportan conocimiento sobre el cáncer, el 30% realiza la dosificación del Antígeno Prostático y el 17,6% el examen de tacto anual. La mayoría percibe la susceptibilidad y la severidad del cáncer y cree que es capaz de hacer algo por sí mismo y beneficiarse con esos cuidados. En cuanto a las barreras, el 16,9% presentó comportamiento no preventivo. Conclusión: El miedo al dolor, la vergüenza y la falta de coraje para realizar el examen constituyen barreras a esos individuos. El equipo de salud debe oportunizar enfoques considerando estos aspectos, utilizando estrategias que amplíen el acceso al servicio de salud y estimulen la práctica del autocuidado


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neoplasias da Próstata , Autocuidado , Saúde do Homem , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Brasil , Antígeno Prostático Específico/uso terapêutico , Pesquisa Comportamental , Exame Retal Digital/psicologia
12.
Tijdschr Psychiatr ; 61(9): 644-648, 2019.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560784

RESUMO

We investigated the extent to which patients in long-stay psychiatric care can benefit from e-health applications. In our psychiatric hospital, we introduced a blended care course for psycho-education on psychotic disorders, in which we combined an internet module with face-to-face group sessions. We report on our findings, illustrated with a few vignettes.


Assuntos
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Transtornos Psicóticos , Telemedicina , Humanos , Psicoterapia , Consulta Remota , Autocuidado
13.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503319

RESUMO

There is a growing body of evidence that mindfulness and compassion are effective in reducing stress in health care. Focus meditation brings back the wandering mind to our breath and body. This attention skill can be practiced as STOP-sign: 'Stop, Take a breath, Observe and Priority first' when facing an emergency. Insight meditation helps us to observe our thoughts, let them pass and bring clarity. This noting technique can be practiced as SOAL: 'Stop, Observe, Accept, and Let go' when there is emotional distress. Better emotional regulation may also protect us from over-identification to negative affect. Mindfulness promotes transformation from empathy to compassion with focus on intention and motivation to alleviate. Compassion training may generate positive affect as antidote to empathy fatigue. Self-compassion embraces our difficulties in our life with the insight of common humanity and improves self-care. Group training at work place can be effective for implementation in health care.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Atenção Plena/métodos , Fadiga por Compaixão/prevenção & controle , Empatia , Humanos , Meditação , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Autocuidado/métodos
15.
Rev Infirm ; 68(253): 21-23, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472777

RESUMO

Haemophilia is a chronic, restrictive and anxiety-inducing disease. In order to maintain a satisfactory quality of life, people can benefit from a therapeutic education programme to equip them with the skills they need to take care of their health.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Humanos , Autocuidado
16.
Rev Infirm ; 68(253): 24-25, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472778

RESUMO

Therapeutic patient education is an important part of the management of patients suffering from bleeding disorders. Its implementation by the multi-professional team and in consultation with patients and/or their carers establishes the foundations for the support they are given in managing their disease. Pedagogical tools play a big role in facilitating their understanding of their condition and give them the opportunity to express how they feel.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Humanos , Autocuidado
18.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(3): 265-273, June-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040317

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify in literature the scientific production about self-care in elderly people with ostomies by colorectal cancer. Method: Integrative review, performed with the descriptors "self-care", "ostomy" and "elderly/aged" with the Boolean operator AND in the following databases: SCOPUS, CINAHL, MEDLINE, LILACS and COCHRANE. For the theoretical basis, Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory was used. Results: A total of 533 papers were found, however, after applying the eligibility criteria, 16 studies composed the final sample of the review. Conclusion: The nurse is one of the professionals closest to the person with the stoma and his family, and should act as a link between the elderly person, the family and the multi-professional health team. In this sense, health professionals, especially nurses, should be trained and competent in assisting the diverse demands of care of this specific population, so that it is effective, resolutive, integral and, above all, humanized, aiming at the improvement of quality of life.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar na literatura a produção científica sobre o autocuidado em pessoas idosas com estomia por câncer colorretal. Método: Revisão integrativa de literatura, realizada com os descritores "autocuidado/self-care", "estomia/ostomy" e "pessoa idosa/idoso/aged" com o operador Booleano and nas Bases de Dados SCOPUS, CINAHL, MEDLINE, LILACS e COCHRANE. Para o embasamento teórico empregou-se a Teoria do Déficit de Autocuidado de Orem. Resultados: Encontrou-se um total de 533 artigos, no entanto, após a aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade 16 estudos compuseram a amostra final da revisão. Conclusão: O enfermeiro é um dos profissionais mais próximos da pessoa com estomia e de sua família, devendo atuar como um elo entre a pessoa idosa, a família e a equipe multiprofissional de saúde. Nesse sentido, profissionais da área da saúde, especialmente o enfermeiro, devem estar capacitados e ser competentes na assistência às diversas demandas de cuidado dessa população específica, para que ela seja efetiva, resolutiva, integral e, sobretudo, humanizada, visando à melhora da qualidade de vida.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autocuidado , Estomia , Neoplasias Colorretais , Modelos de Enfermagem , Qualidade de Vida , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos
19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 699, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The SELPHI study (An HIV Self-Testing Public Health Intervention) is an online randomised controlled trial (RCT) of HIV self-testing (HIVST). The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of recruiting UK men who have sex with men (cis and trans) and trans women who have sex with men to the SELPHI pilot, and the acceptability of the HIVST intervention used among those randomised to receive a kit. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach to assessing trial feasibility and intervention acceptability was taken, using quantitative data from advertising sources and RCT surveys alongside qualitative data from a nested sub-study. RESULTS: Online recruitment and intervention delivery was feasible. The recruitment strategy led to the registration of 1370 participants of whom 76% (1035) successfully enrolled and were randomised 60/40 to baseline testing vs no baseline testing. Advertising platforms performed variably. Reported HIVST kit use increased from 83% at two weeks to 96% at three months. Acceptability was very high across all quantitative measures. Participants described the instructions as easy to use, and the testing process as simple. The support structures in SELPHI were felt to be adequate. Described emotional responses to HIVST varied. CONCLUSIONS: Recruiting to a modest sized HIVST pilot RCT is feasible, and the recruitment, intervention and HIVST kit were acceptable. Research on support needs of individuals with reactive results is warranted.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Homossexualidade Masculina , Marketing de Serviços de Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Pessoas Transgênero , Adolescente , Adulto , Inglaterra , Estudos de Viabilidade , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Autocuidado , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia , País de Gales
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