Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 22.784
Filtrar
1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e53845, jan.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224571

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar o impacto de um programa psicoeducacional nos níveis de autoeficácia, autoestima e sintomas ansiosos e depressivos em estudantes no início da graduação em enfermagem. Método: pesquisa multicêntrica, quase experimental, do tipo tempo-série, desenvolvida em duas instituições de ensino superior públicas, com 82 estudantes, no período de setembro de 2018 a maio de 2019. O programa psicoeducacional foi elaborado com base no construto da autoeficácia, baseando-se nas atividades de enfermagem da intervenção "Fortalecimento da autoestima", proposta pela Nursing Interventions Classification. Os desfechos avaliados foram: autoeficácia, mensurada pela Escala de Autoeficácia Geral e Percebida; autoestima, mensurada pela Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; sintomas ansiosos e depressivos, avaliados pela Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão. Resultados: a intervenção psicoeducacional teve efeito positivo na percepção de autoeficácia geral dos estudantes. A autoestima e os sintomas ansiosos e depressivos não foram influenciados. Conclusão: os níveis de autoeficácia foram positivamente impactados pelo programa implementado.


Objective: to evaluate the impact of a psychoeducational program on the levels of self-efficacy, self-esteem, and anxious and depressive symptoms in students starting their undergraduate nursing program. Method: this quasi-experimental, multicenter, time-series type study was conducted with 82 students at two public institutions of higher education, from September 2018 to May 2019. Based on the self-efficacy construct, the psychoeducational program contemplated nursing activities of the "Strengthening self-esteem" intervention proposed by the Nursing Interventions Classification. The outcomes evaluated were self-efficacy, on the General and Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale; self-esteem, on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale; and anxious and depressive symptoms, on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: the psychoeducational intervention had a positive effect on the students' perception of general self-efficacy. Self-esteem and anxious and depressive symptoms were not influenced. Conclusion: the program impacted levels of self-efficacy positively.


Objetivo: evaluar el impacto de un programa psicoeducativo en los niveles de autoeficacia, autoestima y síntomas ansiosos y depresivos en estudiantes al inicio de sus estudios universitarios en enfermería. Método: investigación multicéntrica, cuasi-experimental, tipo serie temporal, desarrollada en dos instituciones públicas de educación superior, con 82 estudiantes, de septiembre de 2018 a mayo de 2019. El programa psicoeducativo se desarrolló con base en el constructo de autoeficacia y las actividades de enfermería de la intervención "Fortalecimiento de la autoestima", propuesta por la Nursing Interventions Classification. Los resultados evaluados fueron: autoeficacia, medida por la Escala de Autoeficacia General y Percibida; autoestima, medida por la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; síntomas de ansiedad y depresión, evaluados por la Escala Hospitalaria de Ansiedad y Depresión. Resultados: la intervención psicoeducativa tuvo un efecto positivo sobre la percepción de autoeficacia general de los estudiantes. La autoestima y los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión no se vieron afectados. Conclusión: los niveles de autoeficacia fueron impactados positivamente por el programa implementado.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoimagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Saúde Mental , Autoeficácia , Promoção da Saúde , Ansiedade , Sistema Único de Saúde , Instituições de Ensino Superior
2.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 468, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Academic medical centers invest considerably in faculty development efforts to support the career success and promotion of their faculty, and to minimize faculty attrition. This study evaluated the impact of a faculty development program called the Leadership in Academic Medicine Program (LAMP) on participants' (1) self-ratings of efficacy, (2) promotion in academic rank, and (3) institutional retention. METHOD: Participants from the 2013-2020 LAMP cohorts were surveyed pre and post program to assess their level of agreement with statements that spanned domains of self-awareness, self-efficacy, satisfaction with work and work environment. Pre and post responses were compared using McNemar's tests. Changes in scores across gender were compared using Wilcoxon Rank Sum/Mann-Whitney tests. LAMP participants were matched to nonparticipant controls by gender, rank, department, and time of hire to compare promotions in academic rank and departures from the organization. Kaplan Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine differences. RESULTS: There were significant improvements in almost all self-ratings on program surveys (p < 0.05). Greatest improvements were seen in "understand the promotions process" (36% vs. 94%), "comfortable negotiating" (35% vs. 74%), and "time management" (55% vs. 92%). There were no statistically significant differences in improvements by gender, however women faculty rated themselves lower on all pre-program items compared to men. There was significant difference found in time-to-next promotion (p = 0.003) between LAMP participants and controls. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that LAMP faculty achieved next promotion more often and faster than controls. Cox-proportional-hazards analyses found that LAMP faculty were 61% more likely to be promoted than controls (hazard ratio [HR] 1.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.16-2.23, p-value = 0.004). There was significant difference found in time-to-departure (p < 0.0001) with LAMP faculty retained more often and for longer periods. LAMP faculty were 77% less likely to leave compared to controls (HR 0.23, 95% CI 0.16-0.34, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: LAMP is an effective faculty development program as measured subjectively by participant self-ratings and objectively through comparative improvements in academic promotions and institutional retention.


Assuntos
Liderança , Autoeficácia , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Docentes de Medicina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
3.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 388, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been suggested as a key factor for enabling parents to support children in the development of healthy dietary and physical activity behaviors and to prevent childhood obesity. However, studies of intervention effects on PSE are lacking. The present study involved a secondary analysis of data on PSE collected in a previous primary prevention trial of childhood obesity called the PRIMROSE trial. The trial involved a family-based intervention using motivational interviewing and principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy within a social-cognitive theory framework. METHODS: In the PRIMROSE trial, parents and their children were randomly allocated to the intervention or usual care. In the present study, 928 mothers who responded to the Parental Self-Efficacy for Promoting Healthy Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviors in Children Scale (PSEPAD) at follow-up assessment were included. Data were analyzed using linear regression based on generalized estimating equations, with adjustment made for PSE at baseline. RESULTS: At follow-up assessment, there was a statistically significant difference of 1.4 units, 95% CI [0.4, 2.4], p = 0.009, between the intervention and control conditions on the subscale of the PSEPAD concerning PSE for promoting healthy dietary behaviors in children. However, this difference was deemed as without clinical importance. On the total scale or other subscales of the PSEPAD there were no statistically significant differences in PSE between conditions. CONCLUSIONS: There was a statistically significant, but not clinically meaningful, intervention effect on PSE. However, because previous research repeatedly has shown positive associations of PSE with dietary and physical activity behaviors in children and that self-efficacy mediates behaviors, the construct may be important for influencing dietary and physical behaviors in children. Therefore, more research is warranted evaluating the effects of interventions on PSE in the context of childhood obesity prevention. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Retrospectively registered 9 October 2013 at ISRCTN (ISRCTN16991919 ).


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Primula , Criança , Dieta , Humanos , Pais , Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle , Autoeficácia
4.
Nursing ; 51(8): 39-42, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347753

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Strengths-based approaches focus on identifying an individual's assets and resources to find solutions that support their health. These principles are already inherent in nursing philosophies and processes. This article presents a call to reshape the current deficit-based, provider-centric model by formalizing inclusion of holistic, strengths-based approaches into nursing care.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Empoderamento , Enfermagem Holística , Esperança , Humanos , Modelos de Enfermagem , Autoeficácia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360503

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on teachers, particularly on their self-esteem and self-efficacy, their difficulty in the transition to distance learning, the difficulty of students, and specially of students with learning disabilities (LDs students), as perceived by teachers. 226 teachers were invited to complete an online questionnaire. Our results showed lower self-esteem and lower self-efficacy by the teachers compared with the normative sample. Self-esteem and self-efficacy also decrease in teachers with greater service seniority at work. Teachers perceived a greater difficulty in students than in their own difficulty. The concentration of the school system's efforts on the massive and, for long periods, exclusive organisation of distance learning risks favouring only cognitive aspects to the detriment of affective dynamics. This aspect could make teaching more complex for teachers and learning poorer for students, impoverishing the complex relational process that forms the basis of the learning process.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Projetos Piloto , SARS-CoV-2 , Autoeficácia , Ensino
6.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; 259(5): 528-538, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388015

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the perceptions of training, self-efficacy, and mentoring among veterinary clinical specialty trainees on the basis of their career interest. SAMPLE: 207 veterinarians who were either in a residency training program or had recently (within 2 years) completed one in a specialty recognized by the American Board of Veterinary Specialties. PROCEDURES: An online survey was used to collect data about the respondents' perceived preparedness for an academic career, training emphasis, and mentoring received during training and demographic information. Results were compiled and compared by professional career interest (ie, academic medicine or private practice) and gender. RESULTS: Included respondents represented 20% (207/1,053) of those invited. Preferred career choice was academic medicine for 48% (93/194) of respondents and private clinical practice for 52% (101/194) and did not differ by gender. Respondents perceived their likelihood of success in an academic career as high, and these perceptions did not differ by gender or preferred career choice. Mean self-efficacy scores for teaching were high among all respondents for most but not all listed teaching skills and did not differ by gender or preferred career interest. Mean self-efficacy scores were low for formulating research hypotheses and designing studies. Perceptions of training emphasis indicated strong mentoring in the areas of clinical practice and teaching with less mentoring and training emphasis in multiple areas of research and academic activity. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Lower self-efficacy of veterinary clinical specialty trainees in aspects of academic career appeared to be related to training emphasis and mentoring. Enhancement of emphasis on the identified areas of weakness may improve the interest and success of trainees in an academic career.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Tutoria , Animais , Escolha da Profissão , Percepção , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Law Hum Behav ; 45(3): 179-196, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There are currently 1,308,327 immigrants in removal proceedings, over 80% of whom are Latinx (TRAC, 2021b). This study examined the relation among putative protective markers (i.e. social support, religious support, and legal support) and the emotional and physical well-being of Latinx individuals facing removal proceedings. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesized that increased social support, religious support, and legal support would buffer the negative relations between hopelessness, poor self-efficacy, and well-being measures (depression, anxiety, stress, mental well-being, somatic symptoms, and physical well-being). METHOD: Participants (N = 157; 31.2% men, M age = 33.4 years) had an active immigration court case in Texas and completed a demographic questionnaire, the Beck Hopelessness Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Multi-Faith Religious Support Scale, Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale-21, Patient Health Questionnaire-15, and Short Form Health Survey-12. RESULTS: Higher levels of hopelessness and poor self-efficacy were associated with more negative well-being outcomes, while social support was associated with more positive well-being outcomes. Contrary to hypotheses, religious support and legal support served as risk markers independently, while legal support interacted with hopelessness, such that decreased legal support was associated with higher mental well-being at lower levels of hopelessness and interacted with poor self-efficacy, such that increased legal support was associated with poorer mental well-being at lower levels of self-efficacy. All effect sizes were small (rsp2 = .04 to .16). CONCLUSIONS: Targeting hopelessness and poor self-efficacy while promoting social support may help mental health professionals improve the well-being of immigrants in removal proceedings. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Deportação , Hispano-Americanos/legislação & jurisprudência , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Imigrantes Indocumentados/legislação & jurisprudência , Imigrantes Indocumentados/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Serviços Jurídicos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Proteção , Psicometria/instrumentação , Fatores de Risco , Autoeficácia , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Texas/etnologia
8.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255382, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379648

RESUMO

To achieve herd immunity against COVID-19, it is crucial to know the drivers of vaccination intention and, thereby, vaccination. As the determinants of vaccination differ across vaccines, target groups and contexts, we investigate COVID-19 vaccination intention using data from university students from three countries, the Netherlands, Belgium and Portugal. We investigate the psychological drivers of vaccination intention using the 5C model as mediator. This model includes five antecedents of vaccination: Confidence, Complacency, Constraints, Calculation and Collective Responsibility. First, we show that the majority of students have a positive propensity toward getting vaccinated against COVID-19, though only 41% of students are completely acceptant. Second, using the 5C model, we show that 'Confidence' (ß = 0.33, SE = 03, p < .001) and 'Collective Responsibility' (ß = 0.35, SE = 04, p < .001) are most strongly related to students' COVID-19 vaccination intention. Using mediation analyses, we show that the perceived risk and effectiveness of the vaccine as well as trust in the government and health authorities indirectly relate to vaccination intention through 'Confidence'. The perceived risk of COVID-19 for one's social circle and altruism, the need to belong and psychopathy traits indirectly relate to vaccination intention through 'Collective Responsibility'. Hence, targeting the psychological characteristics associated with 'Confidence' and 'Collective Responsibility' can improve the effectiveness of vaccination campaigns among students.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Modelos Teóricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Vacinação/psicologia , Altruísmo , COVID-19/virologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Humanos , Risco , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 126, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that therapeutic climbing/bouldering may have positive effects on perceived self-efficacy. Nevertheless, there is still an urgent need for high-quality studies, as many existing studies have suffered from methodological problems. Therefore, the current work was aimed at investigating the effect of a manualized bouldering psychotherapy (BPT) on perceived self-efficacy in people with depression, compared with a home-based physical exercise program (EP) and state-of-the-art cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBT). METHODS: In a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial, 233 people with depression were randomly assigned to one group (BPT, EP, or CBT). Perceived self-efficacy was assessed at baseline (t0) and directly after the 10-week intervention period (t1) with the GSE. In addition, depression was assessed with the PHQ-9 and the MADRS. We computed t tests, analyses of variance (ANOVAs), confounder-adjusted hierarchical regression analyses, mediation analyses, and several sensitivity analyses. RESULTS: BPT participants showed a significantly larger increase in perceived self-efficacy on the GSE compared with the EP (an increase of 3.04 vs. 1.26 points, p = .016, Cohen's d = 0.39). In the confounder-adjusted hierarchical multiple regression analysis, group allocation (BPT vs. EP) was found to be the only significant predictor of the postintervention GSE score (ß = .16, p = .014) besides the baseline GSE score (ß = .69, p < .001). No differences were found between BPT and CBT participants regarding the effect on perceived self-efficacy. Only in the CBT group, the relationship between depression at baseline and postintervention was partially mediated (23%) by perceived self-efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Participation in the manualized BPT in a group setting leads to a clinically relevant enhancement of perceived self-efficacy in people with depression. This effect is superior to that of physical exercise alone. The results provide also initial indications that BPT is comparable to CBT in enhancing perceived self-efficacy, suggesting a strong case for a broader use of BPT as a supplement to existing health services. Future studies should focus on the modes of action of BPT and its effect on perceived self-efficacy in people with other mental or physical disorders. Trial registration ISRCTN12457760, registered partly retrospectively, 26 July 2017.


Assuntos
Depressão , Autoeficácia , Depressão/terapia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicoterapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 81(4): 602-610, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453803

RESUMO

Self-efficacy is the confidence in one's own abilities to avoid smoking in situations that can trigger desire. It is considered an important predictor of relapses. In Argentina there is no valid instrument to evaluate it. The objective of this article was to adapt and validate a Spanish version (in local Argentinean language) of the Self-Efficacy/Temptation Scale. The transcultural adaptation of the scale was carried out: translation, review by a committee of experts, reverse translation, new review and test of the questionnaire. Reliability (reproducibility, stability and internal consistency) and validity were then evaluated. We performed a factor analysis of main components with Varimax rotation with data from a sample of 200 smokers. A culturally and linguistically adapted version of the instrument was obtained, with inter-observer reliability of Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) = 0.90 and stability of ICC = 0.77. The internal consistency analysis yielded a global Crombach a = 0.93 and 0.85 for versions of 20 and 9 items, respectively. In the domain of Positive Affections a = 0.82 and a = 0.89; Negative Affections a = 0.89 and a = 0.90 and for Craving a = 0.84 and a = 0.75, also respectively for the two versions. In the exploratory factor analysis, three factors were identified that explained 95% of the variance of the questionnaire in its extensive version and 69% in its short version. A reliable and valid Argentinean version of the Self-Efficacy/Temptation Scale was obtained, to be applied to smokers.


Assuntos
Autoeficácia , Traduções , Argentina , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255772, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388177

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The growing COVID-19 pandemic has posed a great threat to millions of people worldwide. Nurses and nursing students are an important group of health professionals who are most likely to face many challenges in this unprecedented scenario. The present study aimed at exploring nurses' and nursing students' perception of psychological preparedness for the pandemic (COVID-19) management. MATERIALS & METHODS: The study employed a quantitative cross-sectional online survey research design. Purposive sampling was used with an attempt to represent the entire nurses (i.e. nursing officers, nurse administrators and nursing teachers) and nursing students' group of India. The survey link including the questionnaires was shared to their email ID and they were invited to participate in the study. Data were collected using Psychological Preparedness for Disaster Threat Scale (PPDTS)-Modified, General Self Efficacy (GSE) Scale, Optimism Scale and Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRS). Totally 685 responses were received and 676 forms were completed which were analyzed using SPSS software (version 24). RESULTS: The mean age of the subjects was 31.72±9.58 years. Around 20% of the subjects previously had some kind of psychological training and 4% of the subjects had taken care of persons with COVID-19. Findings revealed that mean score for PPDTS, GSE, BRCS and Optimism was 73.44±10.82, 33.19±5.23, 16.79±2.73 and 9.61±2.26 respectively indicating that the subjects had moderate level of psychological preparedness, self-efficacy and resilience but higher level of optimism. Psychological preparedness, self-efficacy, optimism and resilience were positively correlated to each other. Self- efficacy, optimism, and resilience emerged as predictors of psychological preparedness. CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that self-efficacy, optimism and resilience can be considered as predictors for psychological preparedness in pandemic management. Appropriate training could influence self-efficacy while programs addressing resilience and coping may strengthen psychological preparedness which can help in further management of ongoing pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Otimismo , Autoeficácia
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(33): e26899, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414946

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study is to investigate effect nursing intervention on anxiety, psychology and self-efficacy among elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome after percutaneous coronary intervention, and the correlation between patients' anxiety, psychology and self-efficacy and nursing intervention.One hundred thirty six patients with acute coronary intervention were randomly divided into the experimental group (n = 68) and the control group (n = 68). The experimental group received nursing intervention measures, and control group received routine nursing. We measured the depression, anxiety score of the 2 groups before and after nursing and multiple regressions was to analysis the correlation between patients' anxiety, psychology and self-efficacy and nursing intervention.The nursing intervention effect of the 2 groups after intervention were improved before intervention (P < .05), and the Hospital Anxiety and depression scale (HADS) in the was decreased than that of the control group after psychological intervention. The general self-efficacy scale scores of experimental group were obviously improved after receiving the intervention, and the scores in the experimental group were much higher than the control group after receiving the intervention, namely (P < .05). Furthermore, Single regression analysis showed that single (Marital status) (r = 0.367, P < .001), divorced or separated (Marital status) (r = 0.338, P < .001), Widowed (Marital status) (r = 0.458, P < .001), nursing intervention (r = 0.431, P < .001) and Length of hospital stay (r = 0.276, P = .003) showed a significant correlation with patients' anxiety, psychology and self-efficacy. Multiple regression analysis showed that Length of hospital stay (P = .001) and nursing intervention (P < .001) were significantly correlated with patients' anxiety, psychology and self-efficacy.Nursing intervention maybe significantly improve patients' anxiety, psychology and self-efficacy, and nursing intervention was significantly correlated with patients' anxiety, psychology and self-efficacy. Considering the limited number of studies analyzed, large sample-size clinical trials are necessary to verify the effect nursing intervention on anxiety, psychology and self-efficacy among elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome after percutaneous coronary intervention.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/psicologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Ansiedade/enfermagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Autoeficácia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360090

RESUMO

This study develops a scale that assesses the self-efficacy of Sri Lankan nursing educators in assuming the roles of nursing educators and validates its psychometric properties. This methodological research followed the DeVellis Scale Development Model, which involves six steps of instrument development and evaluation. Preliminary items were determined through a literature review and focus group interviews with nine Sri Lankan nursing experts. The experts, comprising five South Korean and two Sri Lankan nursing professors, tested the scale's content validity. Moreover, 15 nursing educators participated in a pilot study, and 126 educators took part in the main survey. To evaluate the scale's validity and reliability, the data from a preliminary questionnaire were analyzed using SPSS/IBM and AMOS 24.0. Further, construct validity was tested using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, and reliability was tested by calculating Cronbach's alpha and performing split-half testing. Finally, 39 items under four themes, "clinical mentorship" (18 items), "research" (10), "teaching" (6), and "advising" (5), explained 63.5% of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis results revealed an acceptable model fit for the final scale. The developed scale achieved a Cronbach's alpha value of 0.97. Thus, the psychometrical properties of the scale measuring Sri Lankan nursing educators' self-efficacy were comprehensively evaluated and found acceptable. The developed scale will be useful in guideline development or studies regarding the self-efficacy of nursing educators' roles in developing countries with similar context to Sri Lanka.


Assuntos
Autoeficácia , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sri Lanka , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360187

RESUMO

Few studies have analyzed emotional educational experiences through physical education interventions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects on socio-emotional competencies of a physical education intervention (i.e., the MooN program) based on the instructional model known as the sports education model (SEM), compared to a physical education intervention based on the traditional model of direct instruction (TM-DI) in preadolescents. The sample consisted of 170 students between 10 and 13 years old (mean age: M = 10.76; standard deviation: SD = 0.73). Participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group (SEM; n = 87) and the active control group (TM-DI; n = 83). In the experimental group, the SEM-based intervention was applied, while in the active control group, an intervention based on the TM-DI was developed. A quasi-experimental design with repeated pre-test and post-test measures and an active control group was used. The self-efficacy inventory for multiple intelligences (IAMI-40) was used to assess the children's socio-emotional competencies. The child perfectionism inventory was applied to evaluate the self-demand perfectionist efforts. The results confirmed that the MooN program (SEM intervention) promoted significant improvements in socio-emotional competencies. These findings support the potential of this physical education instructional model as an emotional education pathway for the socio-emotional improvement of preadolescent students.


Assuntos
Lua , Educação Física e Treinamento , Adolescente , Criança , Emoções , Humanos , Autoeficácia , Estudantes
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444062

RESUMO

This study classified leisure activity types into active, passive, and social leisure activities based on theory, and focused on determining the type that has a significant influence on the self-efficacy and social adjustment of immigrants staying in South Korea. The results of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), including post-hoc analysis using SPSS 23.0, were as follows: in principle, immigrants who participate in active or social leisure activities perceive their self-efficacy and social adjustment to be high. Differing slightly from this, the passive leisure activity type, which includes activities such as reading alone, listening to music, and surfing the web, may relieve their stress or provide them with psychological stability, but it was not found to be helpful in their adjustment to the new culture. The significance of this study lies in the finding that leisure activities help immigrants with social adjustment, in addition to physical and psychological aids that are already well known. We hope that the findings of the present study can be used as basic data for helping immigrants with smooth social adjustment and increasing their quality of life.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Ajustamento Social , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Qualidade de Vida , República da Coreia , Autoeficácia
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(29): e26754, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398054

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Meaning in life (MiL) is regarded as a valuable indicator of positive functioning in terms of an understanding of one's purpose in life, well-being, and professional commitment. As such, it is important to improve MiL for the stability of nursing staff. General self-efficacy is a significant predictor of both MiL and nursing professional commitment. Nursing professional commitment is key for both the stability of nursing staff and the provision of excellent health care. Few scholars have investigated the relationship between general self-efficacy and nursing professional commitment. In particular, a possible mediating effect of MiL has not been fully explored in nursing students.We aimed to examine the association between general self-efficacy and MiL among nursing students and to determine whether MiL mediates the relationship between general self-efficacy and nursing professional commitment for Chinese nursing students.A cross-sectional descriptive design was used. Between June and September 2019, 710 Chinese nursing students from 2 colleges completed the Meaning in Life Scale (MiLS), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), and Nursing Professional Commitment Scale (NPCS). Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) and SPSS (version 23.0, IBM Corp, Armonk, NY).The mean MiL score was above the moderate level (M = 52.55, SD = 9.79). However, the mean scores of self-efficacy and nursing professional commitment were relatively low. Self-efficacy was positively related to MiL (B = 0.46, P < .01), and MiL was positively related to nursing professional commitment (B = 0.37, P < .01). However, self-efficacy was not related to nursing professional commitment (B = 0.12, P = .01). We therefore suggest that MiL has a complete mediating role between self-efficacy and nursing professional commitment among Chinese nursing students.In this study, we confirmed the complete mediation of nursing professional commitment by MiL in nursing students, thus providing scientific evidence that could be beneficial for the development of interventions to increase nursing professional commitment.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Modelos de Enfermagem , Autoeficácia , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Adolescente , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444473

RESUMO

One strategy to promote physical activity (PA) is for health care providers to give exercise prescriptions (ExRx) that refer to community-based facilities. However, facilitators and barriers specific to urban programs in the US for under-resourced women are unknown. Thus the purpose of this formative research was to explore ExRx barriers and facilitators specific to US under-resourced women to inform future intervention targets and strategies. This mixed-methods community-engaged research was conducted in partnership with an urban women's only wellness center that exchanged ExRx for free access (1-3 months). Qualitative semi-structured interviews and validated quantitative questionnaires (SF-12, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, Physical Activity Self-Efficacy, Physical Activity Stage of Change, and Barriers to Physical Activity, Social Support for Exercise, and Confusion, Hubbub, and Order Scale) were administered by phone and guided by the socio-ecological model. ExRx utilization was defined as number visits/week divided by membership duration. Means and percentages were compared between ≥1 visit/week vs. <1 visit/week with t-tests and chi-square, respectively. Women (n = 30) were 74% Black, 21-78 years of age, 50% had ≤ high school diploma, and 69% had household incomes ≤45,000/year. Women with ≥1 visit/week (n = 10; 33%) reported more education and higher daily activity, motivation, number of family CVD risk factors and family history of dyslipidemia compared with <1 visit/week. Facilitators among women with ≥1 visit/week were "readiness" and "right timing" for ExRx utilization. Barriers among women with <1 visit/week (n = 20; 67%) were "mismatched expectations" and "competing priorities". Common themes among all women were "sense of community" and "ease of location". ExRx utilization at an US urban wellness center may be dependent on a combination of multi-level factors including motivation, confidence, peer support, location and ease of access in under-sourced women. Additional resources may be needed to address mental and/or physical health status in additional to physical activity specific programming.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Motivação , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Prescrições , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Autoeficácia
18.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 463, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461883

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on education. e-Learning has been becoming most popular. Satisfaction of the student is one of important goal of e-Learning, therefore factors affecting this satisfaction should be considered extensively. This study aims to evaluate the effect of learning style and General Self-Efficacy (GSE) on satisfaction of e-Learning in dental student. METHOD: Electronic questionnaires were sent to 85 fifth and sixth-year students who had passed the face-to-face orthodontics course in the previous semester and were studying online orthodontics at the time of this study. Three questionnaires were used including Soloman and Felder learning styles index, General self-efficacy questionnaire and Satisfaction questionnaire for online education. RESULTS: The results of the reliability test showed that Cronbach's alpha index for the self-efficacy and satisfaction questionnaire was 0.836 and 0.96, respectively. The correlation between satisfaction and the dimensions of learning style showed that the active dimension of processing information had a significant relationship with the level of satisfaction. In the understanding dimension, a relatively strong correlation was observed in the Global dimension. Moderate significant relationship between the total score of self-efficacy and the level of satisfaction has been found. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study highlight the necessity of more studies regarding defining effective on student satisfaction during e-Learning. GSES and active learning style in the processing dimension and global learning style in the understanding dimension affect students' satisfaction.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Instrução por Computador , Humanos , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2 , Autoeficácia , Estudantes de Odontologia
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26818, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397841

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Hypertension is the leading cause of increased morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Despite adherence to therapies is the important determinant of treatment success to reduce apparent resistant hypertension, maintaining good adherence to antihypertensive medications remained the most serious challenge. Thus, this study aimed to assess adherence to antihypertensive medications among adult hypertensive patients in Dessie Referral Hospital.A cross-sectional study design was conducted among hypertensive patients during May and June 2020. The study participants were selected using a systematic random sampling technique. The collected data were entered into EpiData version 4.4 and exported to SPSS version 25.0 software for data cleaning and analysis. Data were analyzed using bivariable and multivariable logistic regression at a 95% confidence interval (CI). A variable that has a P-value < .05 was declared as statistically significant. Hosmer-Lemeshow test was used to test goodness-of-fit and multicollinearity was tested.The overall good adherence to antihypertensive medications was 51.9%; 95% CI: (46.8-58.3%) and poor adherence was 48.1%. Factors associated with good adherence were: sex-female adjusted odd ratio (AOR) = 1.31; 95% CI (1.06-2.52), occupational status-employed AOR = 2.24; 95% CI (1.33-3.72), good knowledge of the disease AOR = 2.20; 95% CI (1.34-3.72) and good self-efficacy AOR = 1.38; 95% CI (1.20-2.13).This study revealed that almost half of the hypertensive patients in Dessie Referral Hospital had good antihypertensive medication adherence. Sex, occupational status, knowledge, and self-efficacy were factors associated with good adherence. Therefore, health education should be given to patients on the importance of complying with medication and patients should be monitored by health extension workers.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão , Adesão à Medicação , Adulto , Causalidade , Indicadores de Doenças Crônicas , Estudos Transversais , Emprego , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/psicologia , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação/psicologia , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Centros de Cuidados de Saúde Secundários/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoeficácia , Fatores Sexuais
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360300

RESUMO

Self-determined motivation (SDT) and self-efficacy theory have been widely used for understanding individuals' physical activity motivation and self-efficacy. However, there is a gap of evidence on the relations between SDT and multidimensional self-efficacy with device-measured physical activity in healthy adults. Questionnaires including the behavior regulation in exercise questionnaire version 2 (BREQ-2) and the multidimensional self-efficacy for exercise scale (MSES) were completed by the participants at baseline. All participants wore an accelerometer for seven days to record their physical activities at baseline and eight-week follow up. In total, thirty healthy adults completed the study (12 men, 18 women). The results showed that intrinsic motivation and scheduling self-efficacy had significantly positive associations with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity energy expenditure and duration. Multiple regression analysis showed that the relative autonomy index, task and scheduling efficacy could predict physical activity at baseline, but no SDT or self-efficacy variable could predict physical activity behavior after eight weeks. These results showed that the associations between motivation and self-efficacy with physical activity might change within a short period of time, which suggests that the regular assessment of motivation and self-efficacy might be needed in interventional programs to promote continued physical activity participation in healthy adults.


Assuntos
Motivação , Autoeficácia , Adulto , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Atividade Motora , Autonomia Pessoal , Inquéritos e Questionários
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...