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2.
J Homosex ; 68(1): 3-22, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31251701

RESUMO

The current study integrated prior research demonstrating 1) a mediational process by which the Five-Factor Model personality factor Openness to Experience, transmitted through right-wing authoritarian ideology, predicts sexual prejudice and 2) that the Five-Factor Model personality facet Openness to Values may be the more precise personality root of this process. Participants were 79 college students who completed a comprehensive measure of Five-Factor Model personality factors and facets and other relevant measures. Results supported hypotheses. In particular, facet-level Openness to Values accounted for comparable unique variance in sexual prejudice as factor-level Openness, and analyses of direct and indirect effects and overall model fit supported Openness to Values as the precise source predictor of the mediational pathway. Discussion focuses on preliminary evidence that Openness (and perhaps its facets) may be cultivated, and sexual prejudice reduced, by contact interventions. I emphasize in particular the promise of contact interventions that avoid frustration of the dogmatic personality by enhancing the experiential processing mode, including encouraging mental simulation of alternate social values.


Assuntos
Homofobia/psicologia , Personalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Autoritarismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valores Sociais , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
3.
Glob Public Health ; 16(4): 485-501, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378230

RESUMO

The new coronavirus disease, or COVID-19, was first identified in late 2019 and declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020. Turkey and Iran have been heavily affected by the outbreak, with over 460,000 and 890,000 cases reported respectively, so far. Even though these two countries have similar political and ideological approaches and are roughly the same size in terms of population density, as well as despite a high number of reported COVID-19 cases, a fast infection spread rate, and mismanagement of the crisis in both countries, Turkey's death toll remained lower when compared to the death toll in Iran. Deploying a comparative case study methodology drawing on an analysis of secondary sources, this study investigates Turkey and Iran's official responses to COVID-19 to further understand authoritarian reactions to large-scale crises and how distinctions between the actions taken by authoritarian regimes might impact crisis management in such contexts.


Assuntos
Autoritarismo , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Saúde Pública , Turquia/epidemiologia
4.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 880-891, out.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145565

RESUMO

Neste artigo, discutimos a estetização do testemunho histórico sob a forma da canção popular em duas obras do compositor Francisco Buarque de Holanda: Angélica (1981) e Pedaço de mim (1978). Ambas se inspiram no caso Zuzu Angel, uma famosa estilista de moda, amiga do compositor, que teve seu filho morto pela ditadura civil militar em 1971, e faleceu num controverso acidente de carro em 1976. Partindo das reflexões de autores como Benjamin, Agamben, Halbwachs, Seligmann-Silva e Blacking, procuramos discutir como a canção popular pode ser uma forma peculiar tanto de expressar a natureza do trauma, como de trazer à tona aspectos específicos de uma suposta verdade testemunhal.


In this article we discuss the aesthetization of historical testimony in two songs by composer Francisco Buarque de Holanda: Angélica (1981) and Pedaço de mim (1978), both inspired in the story of Zuzu Angel, a Brazilian fashion stylist whose son was killed by the government during Brazilian civil military dictatorship in 1971. Zuzu Angel died in a mysterious car accident in 1976. We cite authors such as Benjamin, Agamben, Halbwachs, Seligmann-Silva and Blacking to discuss how a popular song can be a peculiar way to express the nature of the trauma and to bring to light specific features of an alleged testimonial truth.


En este artículo, discutimos la estetización del testimonio histórico en forma de canción popular en dos obras del compositor Francisco Buarque de Holanda: Angélica (1981) y Pedaço de mim (1978), ambas inspiradas en el caso de Zuzu Angel, una famosa estilista brasileña cuyo hijo fue asesinado por la dictadura civil militar en 1971, y murió en un controvertido accidente automovilístico en 1976. De las reflexiones de autores como Benjamin, Agamben, Halbwachs, Seligmann-Silva y Blacking, buscamos discutir como la canción popular puede ser una forma peculiar tanto de expressar la naturaliza del trauma como de sacar a la luz aspectos específicos de la supuesta verdad de um testimonio.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , História do Século XX , Autoritarismo , Pessoas Famosas , Trauma Psicológico , Memória , Militares , Música , Dor , Política , Brasil , Poesia , Canto
5.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239259, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027271

RESUMO

Recent studies have documented a shift from moderate political attitudes to more extreme attitudes at the ends of the political spectrum. This can be seen in Political Correctness (PC) on the left, and white identitarian (WI) attitudes on the 'Alt-Right' (AR). While highly covered in mainstream media, limited academic research has investigated their possible antecedents and psychological correlates. The current study investigated the prevalence and psychological predictors of these attitudes. Utilising a quota-based sample of 512 U.S. participants, we found that extreme political attitudes were associated with various personality traits, social media use, and upbringing. PC attitudes were associated with agreeableness, black-white thinking, social-media use, and perceived overprotective parenting. WI attitudes were associated with low agreeableness and openness, and high black-white thinking. Our results show that extreme left and right attitudes are separated by individual differences, and that authoritarianism can be seen on both the left and the right.


Assuntos
Política , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autoritarismo , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Personalidade , Resiliência Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239872, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002076

RESUMO

From the discourse analysis perspective, ecopolitics has experienced a discourse change from authoritarianism to democracy. This study uses theory of authoritarianism and democracy in ecopolitics to explore the impact of authoritarian ecopolitical discourse (AED) and democratic ecopolitical discourse (DED) on environmental quality in China. After analysis using panel data and comparison of three main regions, results suggest a negative relationship between AED of the central government and environmental quality. By contrast, a positive relationship exists between AED of local governments and environmental quality. A positive relationship exists between DED, which measures the proposals of People's Congress deputies and Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), and environmental quality. Nevertheless, the positive effect of DED is weaker than that of AED. The impact is also different among the regions. Our interpretations are as follows. China's current governance mechanism is a top-down decision-making mechanism, rather than a bottom-up information transmission mechanism. The concentration of power keeps decision-making power and resources away from levels with considerably accurate information and capabilities in problem solving. Therefore, we suggest that governments should change their decision-making process and exert effort to be transparent to the entire society. A bottom-up mechanism of information collection and transmission should be established, such as environmental inspection mechanism and checking on cadres' achievements with green GDP.


Assuntos
Autoritarismo , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/estatística & dados numéricos , Democracia , China , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/legislação & jurisprudência , Ecossistema , Modelos Estatísticos
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236627, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735591

RESUMO

According to Silvan Tomkins' polarity theory, ideological thought is universally structured by a clash between two opposing worldviews. On the left, a humanistic worldview seeks to uphold the intrinsic value of the person; on the right, a normative worldview holds that human worth is contingent upon conformity to rules. In this article, we situate humanism and normativism within the context of contemporary models of political ideology as a function of motivated social cognition, beliefs about the social world, and personality traits. In four studies conducted in the U.S. and Sweden, normativism was robustly associated with rightist (or conservative) self-placement; conservative issue preferences; resistance to change and acceptance of inequality; right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation; system justification and its underlying epistemic and existential motives to reduce uncertainty and threat; and a lack of openness, emotionality, and honesty-humility. Humanism exhibited the opposite relations to most of these constructs, but it was largely unrelated to epistemic and existential needs. Humanism was strongly associated with preferences for equality, openness to change, and low levels of authoritarianism, social dominance, and general and economic system justification. We conclude that polarity theory possesses considerable potential to explain how conflicts between worldviews shape contemporary politics.


Assuntos
Humanismo , Política , Autoritarismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Predomínio Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Suécia , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Glob Public Health ; 15(9): 1257-1277, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663117

RESUMO

Brazil's governance of the COVID-19 pandemic has been described as nothing short of tragic by several commentators. President Jair Bolsonaro's dangerous brew of neoliberal authoritarianism, science denialism and ableism has plunged this country into catastrophe. In this article we argue that this form (or lack) of public health governance can best be described as governance without (central) government. We begin with an overview of public health governance in the country before introducing the main theoretical concepts that guide our analysis, namely the notions of 'government by exception' and 'strategic ignorance'. Finally, we sketch the main features of this emerging form of (non)governance of COVID-19. We highlight the new forms of solidarity and mutual aid that have emerged in favelas and Indigenous communities, which have stepped in to fill the void left by a limited federal presence. The article concludes by reflecting on what this collapse of public health reveals about the limitations of democratic governance in the age of Bolsonaro.


Assuntos
Autoritarismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Governo Federal , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública , Betacoronavirus , Brasil/epidemiologia , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Liderança , Pandemias , Política , Ciência
9.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 12(1): 1-10, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-189156

RESUMO

Current emergent studies are seriously questioning if parental strictness contributes to adolescent adjustment. This study examined whether the relationship between authoritative (warmth and strictness), authoritarian (strictness without warmth), indulgent (warmth without strictness), and neglectful (neither warmth nor strictness) parenting styles shows equal or different pattern of adjustment and maladjustment for aggressive and non-aggressive adolescents. The sample consisted of 969 Spanish adolescents, 554 females (57.2%) and 415 males, ranging from 12 to 17 years old. Families were classified into one of four typologies by their scores on warmth and strictness, and the adolescents were grouped by their aggressiveness (low vs. high). Adolescent adjustment was captured with three self-esteem indicators (emotional, physical, and family) and personal maladjustment with five indicators (negative self-esteem, negative self-adequacy, emotional irresponsiveness, emotional instability, and negative worldview). It was tested main and interaction effects between parenting and aggressiveness considering also sex and age factors. Findings showed that aggressive adolescents always had the worst socialization outcomes (i.e., the lowest self-esteem and the highest personal maladjustment). Aggressive and non-aggressive adolescents have a common pattern: both, indulgent and authoritative parenting styles were always associated with better outcomes than either authoritarian or neglectful parenting, but indulgent parenting style was associated with the best outcomes across all the criteria. In contrast with previous evidence about the idea that parental strictness and imposition might be beneficial to raise aggressive adolescents, present findings highlight the positive impact of parental warmth even with aggressive adolescents. Implications for family interventions were considered


Investigaciones emergentes cuestionan que la severidad parental contribuya al ajuste del adolescente. Este estudio examina si la relación entre los estilos parentales autorizativo (afecto y severidad), autoritario (severidad sin afecto), indulgente (afecto sin severidad) y negligente (ni afecto ni severidad) presenta patrones de ajuste y desajuste iguales o diferentes en adolescentes agresivos y no agresivos. Participaron 969 adolescentes españoles, 554 mujeres (57.2%) y 415 varones, de 12 a 17 años. Las familias se clasificaron en un estilo parental según sus puntuaciones en afecto y severidad y los adolescentes se agruparon por agresividad (baja vs. alta). Se captó el ajuste mediante tres indicadores de autoestima (emocional, física y familiar) y el desajuste personal con cinco indicadores (autoestima negativa, autoeficacia negativa, falta de respuesta emocional, inestabilidad emocional y visión negativa del mundo). Se probaron efectos principales y de interacción para estilos parentales y agresividad, considerando también sexo y edad. Los análisis mostraron que los adolescentes agresivos siempre tenían los peores resultados (i.e., la menor autoestima y el mayor desajuste personal). Los adolescentes agresivos y no agresivos comparten un patrón común: los estilos indulgente y autorizativo siempre se asociaron con mejores resultados que el autoritario o el negligente, pero el estilo indulgente se asoció con los mejores resultados en todos los criterios. A diferencia de estudios previos que consideraban que el rigor y la severidad de los padres podrían ser beneficiosos en hijos agresivos, los presentes resultados resaltan el impacto positivo del afecto parental incluso en adolescentes agresivos. Se consideraron las implicaciones para las intervenciones familiares


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Educação Infantil/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Autoimagem , Características da Família , Relações Pais-Filho , Agressão/psicologia , Violência/psicologia , Afeto/classificação , Autoritarismo , Fatores de Risco , Psicometria/instrumentação
10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2633, 2020 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32457373

RESUMO

Generalized attitudes toward authority and justice are often conceptualized as individual differences that are resistant to enduring change. However, across two field experiments with Chinese factory workers and American university staff, small adjustments to people's experience of participation in the workplace shifted these attitudes one month later. Both experiments randomly assigned work groups to a 20-minute participatory meeting once per week for six weeks, in which the supervisor stepped aside and workers discussed problems, ideas, and goals regarding their work (vs. a status quo meeting). Across 97 work groups and 1,924 workers, participatory meetings led workers to be less authoritarian and more critical about societal authority and justice, and to be more willing to participate in political, social, and familial decision-making. These findings provide rare experimental evidence of the theoretical predictions regarding participatory democracy: that local participatory experiences can influence broader democratic attitudes and empowerment.


Assuntos
Autoritarismo , Participação da Comunidade/psicologia , Justiça Social/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude , China , Feminino , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mudança Social , Estados Unidos
11.
Lancet ; 395(10230): 1111-1112, 2020 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247388
12.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0230303, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240202

RESUMO

The current paper presents three studies, which suggest that perceiving one's nation as transgenerational (TG) is related to a differentiation in the evaluation of ethnically German diaspora migrants and ethnically non-German ('foreign') migrants. First, we find that unlike 'classical' concepts such as right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), social dominance orientation (SDO), and hierarchic self-interest (HSI), TG explains differences in derogatory sentiments expressed towards diaspora and 'foreign' migrants. Second, TG is differentially related to positive emotions and behavioral intentions expressed towards these two groups of migrants. Lastly, results indicate that people who perceive the ingroup as TG require 'foreign' migrants to fulfill more criteria that make them eligible for citizenship and are thereby more exclusionist than people who include only the current generation into their concept of national identity. The social implications of these findings in face of the so-called refugee crisis in Germany and the wider European Union are discussed.


Assuntos
Autoritarismo , Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Relação entre Gerações/etnologia , Percepção Social , Migrantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Alemanha/etnologia , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Migração Humana/história , Humanos , Internacionalidade/história , Israel/etnologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
J Sports Sci Med ; 19(1): 158-165, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132839

RESUMO

Hardy personality plays a key role in sport due to the positive outcomes that has shown in sport performance. Consequently, it is salient to know which parental educational style is more related to positive characteristics of personality such as hardiness. Therefore, the objective of this research was to study the differences in perceived parental education styles in adult athletes with high and low levels of hardy personality. The sample consisted of 502 athletes from Spain (153 were women and 349 were men) between 18 and 64 years old (M = 27.76; SD = 9.11). A series of self-report questionnaires were fulfilled: an ad hoc sociodemographic questionnaire, the "Multifactor Self-Assessment Test of Child Adjustment", the "Marathon-Hardy Personality Scale" and the Oviedo Scale of Infrequency Response. Firstly, sample was grouped in two groups. Secondly, the results of independent sample t-test showed higher levels of father protectionism and mother restriction in the low challenge scores group. Also, men educated that perceived to be educated by authoritarian parents reported lower commitment. Results also showed higher levels of care education close to mother protectionism, father restriction and mother restriction in the low hardy personality group. It was concluded that there are other variables that influence more on hardy personality in athletes apart from parents. Although challenge, hardy personality and commitment in men reported an influence by parental educational styles.


Assuntos
Pai/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Personalidade , Esportes/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Autoritarismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098155

RESUMO

Empirical research on the relationship between authoritative parenting and crime victimization has been sparse, although this style of parenting has been identified as an effective parenting practice for inhibiting offending behavior among children and adolescents. The current research aims at filling this gap by examining the influences of authoritative parenting on juvenile delinquency and crime victimization, as well as the mechanisms connecting the processes. Using two-wave survey data collected from a probability sample of 1066 Chinese adolescents, the current study employed a structural equation modeling analysis to test the relationships. The results indicated that authoritative parenting negatively predicted juvenile delinquency and crime victimization. Further, adolescent mental health problems and delinquent peer association partially mediated the influence of authoritative parenting on delinquency, while adolescent mental health problems, delinquent peer association, and juvenile delinquency fully mediated the relationship between authoritative parenting and crime victimization. The results also showed that juvenile delinquency positively predicted future crime victimization. Overall, this study demonstrated that authoritative parenting operated as a protective factor against juvenile delinquency and crime victimization.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Autoritarismo , Vítimas de Crime , Delinquência Juvenil , Poder Familiar , Adolescente , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Grupo Associado
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948049

RESUMO

Children's ability to adjust to the social rules and expectations in the educational environment is of major concern to researchers and practitioners alike. Accordingly, the main purpose of the present study was to examine predictors of children's social functioning in kindergarten with a specific focus on (a) maternal factors and (b) children's social cognition. Using a multi-method (self-reports and direct assessments), multi-informant (child, mother, teacher) design, we collected data from 301 kindergarten children and their mothers tapping the mother's social cognition (general and child-related) and parenting style, and children's social cognition (social information processing) and functioning in kindergarten. We found direct associations between the mother and child's social cognition, between the mother's authoritarian parenting style and her child's less competent social cognition and behavior, and between the child's social cognition and social functioning. Finally, as hypothesized, we found a number of interesting mediated effects. Most notably, we found that the association between the mother's social cognition (her tendency to attribute hostile intent to unknown others) and the child's social cognition (his/her tendency to generate less competent responses) is fully mediated by the mother's higher levels of authoritarian parenting style. The important theoretical and clinical implications of our findings are discussed.


Assuntos
Autoritarismo , Cognição , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Comportamento Social , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Autorrelato
18.
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(1): 46-51, ene. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194421

RESUMO

Los estilos de socialización parental (ESP) han sido motivo de estudio debido a las consecuencias que pueden presentar en la vida de una persona. Los estilos pueden variar en función de variables contextuales como la cultura, creencias, educación, tipos de familia o nivel socioeconómico (NSE). El principal objetivo de estudio fue describir los ESP como una aproximación a la forma de crianza utilizada por padres, madres o cuidadores en Chile. Se realizó un estudio no experimental-descriptivo con una muestra de 875 adolescentes entre 11 y 18 años (M = 14.12; DT = 1.82), 51% varones, de cuatro NSE (bajo, medio bajo, medio y medio alto) y de siete ciudades de Chile. Se utilizó un cuestionario sociodemográfico para caracterizar a la muestra y el Cuestionario de Estilos de Socialización Parental en la Adolescencia (ESPA29). Los resultados evidencian diferencias en la configuración de los ESP. En madres, la configuración de los ESP (en orden descendente) fue: democrático, indulgente, negligente y autoritario y en padres: indulgente, negligente, democrático y autoritario, con diferencias según NSE. En el bajo son percibidos por sus hijos como mayoritariamente indulgentes, mientras que, en el medio alto, ambos padres son considerados mayoritariamente democráticos. Hay también diferencias en la configuración de ESP según sexo. Estos resultados permitirían focalizar intervenciones en las comunidades educativas sobre la importancia de la crianza y diferencias o características entre estilos. También puede ser útil como base a otras investigaciones sobre consecuencias parentales en variables como rendimiento académico, problemas conductuales, emocionales o de personalidad


The styles of parental socialization (ESP) have been the subject of different studies in the social sciences and especially in psychology due to the consequences that styles can present in the life of a person. The literature has evidence that styles may vary depending on contextual variables such as culture, beliefs, education, family types or socioeconomic levels (NSE). The main objective of the study was to describe the ESP as an approximation to the form of parenting used by parents, mothers or caregivers (PMC) in Chile. A non-experimental-descriptive study was conducted with a sample of 875 adolescents aged between 11 and 18 years (M = 14.12, SD= 1.82), 51% males, of four NSE (low, medium low, medium and medium high) from seven cities in Chile. A sociodemographic survey was used to characterize the sample, and the Styles of Parental Socialization in Adolescence Questionnaire (ESPA29). The results show differences in the configuration of ESP between PMC. In mothers, the configuration of ESP (in descending order) was: democratic, indulgent, negligent and authoritarian and in parents: indulgent, negligent, democratic and authoritarian, there are differences according to NSE. In the low are perceived by their children as mostly forgiving, while in the upper middle, both parents are considered mostly democratic. There are also differences in the ESP configuration according to sex. These results would allow to focus interventions in educational communities on the importance of parenting and differences or characteristics between styles. It can also be useful as a basis for other research on parental consequences in variables such as academic performance, behavioral, emotional and personality problems


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores Sexuais , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Socialização , Autoritarismo , Permissividade , Chile
19.
J Youth Adolesc ; 49(4): 936-950, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707580

RESUMO

During adolescence, individuals make judgements on the legitimacy of authorities to make and enforce rules and they differentiate between various types of rules. This study tracked a socially and racially diverse sample (47% White) of 800 Brazilians for three years, ages 11-13 (50% female), allowing for variation between issues and individuals. The strongest predictors of compliance were adolescents' beliefs that parents were legitimate authorities. Other significant predictors were authorities' procedural justice and disciplinary practices. Legitimacy attributions partially mediated the relationship between procedural justice and compliance. Compliance and legitimacy varied across issues. Across time, parenting variables diminished in predictive strength while legitimacy attributions increased. Procedural justice practices may partially establish parental legitimacy, while disciplinary practices are less effective and perhaps counter-productive.


Assuntos
Autoritarismo , Pais/psicologia , Poder Psicológico , Percepção Social , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Julgamento , Masculino , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Justiça Social , Responsabilidade Social
20.
Psychol Health ; 35(6): 645-664, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607160

RESUMO

Objective: We examine parenting styles (characterized by warmth and strictness, i.e., neglectful, indulgent, authoritarian and authoritative) as either a protective or risk factor for adolescence drinking.Design: Two 4 × 2 × 3 multi-factorial MANOVAs. Sample consisted of 996 underage Spanish adolescents, 532 males (53.4%), ranging from 15 to 17 years old.Main outcome measures: Alcohol use (wine, beer, mixed drinks and liquors) and abuse and motivations for drinking (social acceptance and self-enhancement) and non-drinking (harsh preventive rules and awareness of alcohol's harmful effects).Results: Lower risk of alcohol use and abuse was found in adolescents with indulgent parenting, and higher risk for adolescents with authoritarian parenting. Adolescents from indulgent parenting style homes had equal adjustment (lower self-enhancement and higher harsh preventive rules and awareness of alcohol's harmful effects) or even better (lower social acceptance) than those from authoritative parenting style homes. Consistently, the highest risk parenting styles identified were the authoritarian and neglectful styles (α=.05).Conclusion: At least in some cultures, warmth and reasoning, shared by authoritative and indulgent parenting styles, seem the recommended way to protect offspring from drinking. Effective alcohol prevention and intervention programs should include strategies tailored specifically to this new cultural context where parenting takes place.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Alcoolismo/psicologia , Motivação , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Consumo de Álcool por Menores/psicologia , Adolescente , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Autoritarismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Espanha/epidemiologia
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