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1.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E409-E411, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009895

RESUMO

SUMMARY: There is currently no consensus on the appropriate sports and occupational restrictions for military service members with a joint replacement. Data from the United States show that 14% of military patients complete an operational deployment after the index surgery. No published data are available on arthroplasty in the militaries of other North Atlantic Treaty Organization countries. Research is needed to determine the appropriate medical employment limitations for Canadian Armed Forces members with a knee or hip replacement. Service members wanting to continue military service should be carefully screened to ensure that their duties do not compromise the longevity of the implant and that the risk of mission-threatening complications is minimal.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Medicina Militar/normas , Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Falha de Prótese , Canadá , Consenso , Teste de Esforço/normas , Humanos , Medicina Militar/estatística & dados numéricos , Aptidão Física , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estados Unidos , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho
2.
Arch. prev. riesgos labor. (Ed. impr.) ; 23(3): 315-329, jul.-sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194118

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: los avances en el diagnóstico y tratamiento del cáncer de mama han mejorado el pronóstico para estas pacientes, por lo tanto, se espera que un mayor número de supervivientes se enfrenten con el proceso de retornar al trabajo. El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar la frecuencia, la mediana del tiempo, así como los factores relacionados con el retorno al trabajo de pacientes con cáncer de mama, posterior al diagnóstico en un centro de referencia oncológico de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia. MÉTODOS: estudio de cohorte retrospectiva realizado con los registros de pacientes con cáncer de mama (n = 141) atendidas un centro oncológico de referencia. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas, laborales, relacionadas con el tratamiento y de retorno al trabajo. RESULTADOS: la edad promedio al diagnóstico fue de 45.8 ± 9 años, La mayoría de las mujeres estaban en la premenopausia, el 45% realizaban trabajo manual. Los indicadores de mayor severidad de la enfermedad, así como el trabajo manual, la presencia de linfedema y un mayor número y días de incapacidad se relacionaron negativamente con el retorno al trabajo de estas pacientes. El 93% de las pacientes retornaron al trabajo. CONCLUSIONES: el retorno al trabajo después de un cáncer de mama difiere según la severidad de la enfermedad, factores relacionados con el tratamiento y tipo de trabajo


INTRODUCTION: Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer have improved the prognosis for these patients. Consequently, a greater number of survivors are facing the process of returning to work. The objective of the present study was to analyze the frequency, median time and factors related to the return to work of patients with breast cancer, after diagnosis and completion of treatment at a cancer referral center in the city of Medellín, Colombia. METHODS: a retrospective cohort study was carried out with registries of patients with breast cancer (n = 141) from a reference cancer center. Sociodemographic, occupational, treatment variables and prevalence of return to work were measured. RESULTS: The average age at diagnosis was 45.8 ± 9 years, Most of the women were premenopausal, and 45% performed manual labour. Advanced disease stage, manual labour, the presence of lymphedema and a greater number of episodes and days of disability were negatively related to return to work. A total of 93% of patients returned to work. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that return to work differs according to disease stage, treatment-related factors and type of work


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Retorno ao Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Menopausa , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Colômbia
3.
Med Care ; 58(9): 826-832, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2003, national disability-associated health care expenditures (DAHE) were $398 billion. Updated estimates will improve our understanding of current DAHE. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate national DAHE for the US adult population and analyze spending by insurance and service categories and to assess changes in spending over the past decade. RESEARCH DESIGN: Data from the 2013-2015 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey were used to estimate DAHE for noninstitutionalized adults. These estimates were reconciled with National Health Expenditure Accounts (NHEA) data and adjusted to 2017 medical prices. Expenditures for institutionalized adults were added from NHEA data. MEASURES: National DAHE in total, by insurance and service categories, and percentage of total expenditures associated with disability. RESULTS: DAHE in 2015 were $868 billion (at 2017 prices), representing 36% of total national health care spending (up from 27% in 2003). DAHE per person with disability increased from $13,395 in 2003 to $17,431 in 2015, whereas nondisability per-person spending remained constant (about $6700). Public insurers paid 69% of DAHE. Medicare paid the largest portion ($324.7 billion), and Medicaid DAHE were $277.2 billion. More than half (54%) of all Medicare expenditures and 72% of all Medicaid expenditures were associated with disability. CONCLUSIONS: The share of health care expenditures associated with disability has increased substantially over the past decade. The high proportion of DAHE paid by public insurers reinforces the importance of public programs designed to improve health care for people with disabilities and emphasizes the need for evaluating programs and health services available to this vulnerable population.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicaid/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Características de Residência , Fatores Sexuais , Serviço Social/economia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho
4.
Pain Res Manag ; 2020: 1765456, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32655723

RESUMO

Purpose: Pacing, avoidance, and overdoing are considered the three main behavioral strategies, also labeled activity patterns. Their relationship with functioning of patients with chronic pain is debated. The purpose of this study was to measure the influence of activity patterns on lifting tasks commonly used in daily life. Method: We performed a monocentric observational study and included patients performing Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE). Avoidance, pacing, and persistence were assessed with using the Patterns of Activity Measures-Pain (POAM-P). Maximal safe performance was measured for floor-to-waist, waist-to-overhead, horizontal lift, and carrying with dominant-hand tests according to the FCE guidelines. Descriptive statistics, associations of POAM-P subscales with various sociodemographic variables, and correlations are presented. Standard multiple linear regression models were applied to measure the associations between FCE tests and POAM-P subscales, adjusting for the following potential confounders: age, gender, body mass index (BMI), pain severity, trauma severity, localization of injury, and education. Results: Persistence was significantly positively associated with performance on the 4 FCE tests: floor-to-waist (coefficient = 0.20; p=0.001), waist-to-overhead (coefficient = 0.13; p=0.004), horizontal lift (coefficient = 0.31; p ≤ 0.001), and dominant-handed lifting (coefficient = 0.19; p=0.001). Pacing was found to have a negative influence on the carrying dominant-hand test (coefficient = -0.14; p=0.034), and avoidance was not found to have an influence on the 4 FCE tests. Conclusion: This study shows that task-persistence pattern is positively associated with physical performance in FCE, whereas pacing can have a negative influence on some tests.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Aprendizagem da Esquiva , Dor Crônica , Dor Musculoesquelética , Adulto , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Musculoesquelética/psicologia , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho
5.
J Agric Saf Health ; 26(2): 67-76, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727166

RESUMO

Based on earlier studies, farmers have poorer work ability compared to workers in most other occupations. The aim of this study was to explore if organic production has a positive effect on producers' work ability while controlling for demographic and production characteristics. This study used telephone interview data collected by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in 2014-2015. The material consisted of 2,164 farmers: 231 in organic production and 1,933 in conventional production. Work ability was measured with a single question regarding the farmers' current work ability compared with their lifetime best on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 meaning unable to work. The data were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression. Organic production had a negative effect on work ability, while larger farm size, experiencing economic uncertainty rarely/never/occasionally (vs. often), age under 55 years, having occupational health coverage, and experiencing low amounts of physical strain or mental strain had positive effects in a multivariable model. While this study could not consider potential biases from the farmers' existing health status at the time of switching to organic production and other sources, it is clear that greater attention needs to be paid to improving worker health, safety, and wellness in organic farming.


Assuntos
Fazendeiros , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Agricultura , Fazendas , Finlândia , Humanos
6.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 844, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop a Korean version of the Return-to-Work Self-Efficacy (RTWSE)-19 Scale using forward- and backward-translation and investigate the validity of the RTWSE Scale specifically for Korean workers with work-related injuries. METHODS: Participants were 202 injured workers who had filed a claim accepted by the workers' compensation system and had received medical rehabilitation at workers' compensation hospitals following a work-related musculoskeletal injury. Among these participants, 88.1% were male, 54.5% were over 45 years, 45.5% were manufacturing employees, and 54.5% were craft or machine operator and assemblers. The 19 item RTWSE-19 scale was developed by Shaw et al. and have three underlying subscales: (i) meeting job demands, (ii) modifying job tasks, and (iii) communicating needs to others. Statistical analysis included exploratory factor analysis (maximum likelihood estimation with oblique quartimin rotation), internal consistency reliability using Cronbach's alpha, and correlations with related measures: pain intensity; fear-avoidance beliefs; general health; depression; and general self-efficacy. RESULTS: Using exploratory factor analysis, three factors with 17 items were identified: meeting job demands, modifying job tasks, and communicating needs to others. The removal of two items in the modifying job tasks domain resulted in an increased reliability. The Korean version of the RTWSE-17 showed reasonable model fit (CFI = .963; TLI = .943; RMSEA = .068; SRMR = 0.029), satisfactory reliability (r = 0.925), no floor and ceiling effect, and construct validity. CONCLUSIONS: The Korean RTWSE-17 scale was found to possess good psychometric properties and could address different injury types ranging from fractures to amputations involved in sub-acute and rehabilitation phases in the Korean context. This study's findings provide insights for practitioners and researchers to return to work after rehabilitation in a Korean clinical and workplace setting.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Ocupacionais/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica/normas , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adulto , Comparação Transcultural , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/reabilitação , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Traduções , Indenização aos Trabalhadores , Adulto Jovem
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575454

RESUMO

Physical activity impacts positively on stress and anxiety. Working conditions affect the quality of life by increasing stress levels, which can affect job performance and work absence. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Work Ability Index (WAI), Transtheoretical Model (TTM), as well as heart rate variability (HRV) have been applied to monitor the state of workers in their job. The aim of this study was to analyze PSS, WAI, and TTM classifications, and to find out how are they linked to physiological stress (HRV). One hundred and thirteen office workers responded to the three questionnaires and their HRV was monitored for at least two full days. Groups were set up according to TTM (Stage 1, Stage 2, Stage 3-4, Stage 5), WAI (weak WAI, medium WAI, good WAI), and PSS (low PSS, medium PSS, high PSS). Results obtained from the test were related to stress values measured by HRV with a Bodyguard2 device. The Stage 5 group from TTM had better HVR and stress levels than the other groups for both women and men (p < 0.05). Participants in the good WAI group and low PSS group had better results than weak WAI and high PSS, but the differences with respect to medium WAI and medium PSS were less clear. Finally, TTM seemed to be the best tool to discriminate physiological stress in office workers with regard to other questionnaires.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Fisiológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 45, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To review the main instruments of functional assessment and health status cited in the literature to evaluate Brazilian workers and verify the compatibility of their items with the core set for professional rehabilitation. METHODS A review of the literature was conducted in the main databases in search of articles that used assessment instruments in populations of workers between 2007 and 2017. Subsequently, the contents of the identified instruments were retrieved, and two evaluators analyzed their items to verify the compatibility with the categories of the core set of the International Classification of Functioning for professional rehabilitation. Cohen's kappa coefficient was used to evaluate the agreement between the evaluators. RESULTS Five specific and eight generic instruments were selected to evaluate the functioning of workers. The analysis of the items of the total instruments allowed the definition of 58 categories (64.5%) of the core set with minimal overlap: 13 (76.5%) of the body functions component, 29 (72.5%) of the activities and participation component and 16 (49%) environmental factors. CONCLUSIONS The association of several instruments requires time and makes it difficult to use the classification. The development of instruments with direct association with its categories is essential to operationalize it.


Assuntos
Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Padrões de Referência , Retorno ao Trabalho
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397534

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate level of work ability and quality of life (QOL) as well as the relationship between them among patients suffering from work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in Taiwan. A cross-sectional study design with continuous sampling and a questionnaire were used to obtain the research data. Controlling for personal characteristics, pain, psychological distress, and social support, multiple linear regressions were adopted to explore the relationship between work ability and overall QOL. Further analyses were also made to clarify the relationships between work ability and each domain of QOL. In total, 165 patients with WMSDs were recruited. Compared with general workers, the participants reported a lower level of work ability and overall QOL. Work ability was significantly associated with overall QOL when covariates were controlled. Among the four domains of QOL, work ability was significantly associated with both the physical and psychological domains. The conclusion was that work ability is a definite factor of QOL for patients with WMSDs; the essence of work ability may be beyond economic function or social support. Strategies to help workers with WMSDs enhance their work ability to fit their new or temporary jobs would be beneficial to their QOL.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Qualidade de Vida , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan , Adulto Jovem
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(18): e20108, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358401

RESUMO

Organ transplantation has become the treatment of choice for end-stage organ failure, including renal and liver failure. The benefits of patient employment after transplantation are numerous, but factors determining the ability to work among these patients are not clearly defined. The growing interest in these factors has strong practical implications for organizations creating vocational rehabilitation programs. Given the interconnection between psychological and physical functioning in patients after transplantation, the present study examined the impact of anxiety on vocational rehabilitation and its relationship with functional tests. A total of 100 patients after liver or kidney transplantation underwent functional tests, including the 6-minute walking test and 30-second chair stand test (30"CST), and psychological tests, specifically the Inventory of Physical Activity Objectives, Work Ability Index, and State-Train Anxiety Inventory. Working ability was affected by psychological factors. State and trait anxiety exhibited inverse relationships with subjective readiness to occupational activity (P < .001, r = -.59 and P < .001, r = -.56, respectively). The level of anxiety was negatively related to the results of the 30"CST. State-Train Anxiety Inventory, State Anxiety subscale and State-Train Anxiety Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety subscale vs 30"CST: P < .001, r = -.43 P < .001, r = -.44). Thus, state and trait anxiety influence perceived work ability and partially functional status. These observations may indicate the potential benefits of including psychologists in interdisciplinary teams for physical and especially vocational rehabilitation of patients after liver or kidney transplantation.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transplante de Rim/psicologia , Transplante de Rim/reabilitação , Transplante de Fígado/psicologia , Transplante de Fígado/reabilitação , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Testes Psicológicos , Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos , Autorrelato , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272748

RESUMO

Stress can affect work ability. The aim of this study was to identify how this pathway is mediated over time in young adults. Participants of the Work Ability in Young Adults cohort were selected. A theoretical framework was built, which lead to a statistical model. Selected dimensions of mediators were recovery, work demands affecting private life, feelings of control over private life, and physical activity in leisure time. A quadruple serial mediation model was built with four mediators. The total effect of stress on work ability was -0.3955, 95% CI [-0.4764, -0.3146]. The total indirect effect amounted to 81% with an effect of -0.3182, 95% CI [-0.3750, -0.2642]. The relationship between stress and Work Ability Score five years later in young adults was mediated by stress five years later, work demands affecting private life, feelings of control over private life and feeling well-rested upon waking. These results indicate that work demands affecting private life and feelings of control over private life are important mediators of the relationship between stress and work ability in young adults. A well-balanced relationship between work and private life can counteract the influence of stress on work ability in this age group.


Assuntos
Emoções , Estresse Psicológico , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252368

RESUMO

Presenteeism, attending work while ill, has been examined in different contexts in the last few decades. The aim was to examine whether poor psychosocial working conditions and perceived work ability are associated with increased odds ratios for presenteeism, focusing on nursing professionals and care assistants. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted. The selected individuals were extracted from representative samples of employees, aged 16-64, who participated in the Swedish Work Environment Surveys between 2001 and 2013 (n = 45,098). Three dimensions of psychosocial working conditions were measured: job demands, job control, and job support. Presenteeism and perceived work ability was measured. Using multiple logistic regression analyses, odds ratios for presenteeism with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated. While nurses (n = 1716) showed the same presenteeism level as all the other occupation groups (n = 37,125), it was more common among care assistants (n = 6257). The odds ratio for presenteeism among those with high job demands (OR = 2.37, 95% CI 2.21-2.53), were higher among women than among men. For nursing professionals and care assistants, the odds ratios for presenteeism were highest among those with the lowest work ability level. The problems of presenteeism and low work ability among many health and care workers may be lessened by a reduction in psychosocial demands.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Presenteísmo , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
15.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231710, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether physician-diagnosed asthma modifies the associations between multiple lifestyle factors, sick leave and work ability in a general working population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Telemark County, Norway, in 2013. A sample of 16 099 respondents completed a self-administered questionnaire. We obtained complete data on lifestyle, work ability and sick leave for 10 355 employed persons aged 18-50 years. We modelled sick leave and work ability using multiple logistic regression, and introduced interaction terms to investigate whether associations with lifestyle factors were modified by asthma status. RESULTS: Several lifestyle risk factors and a multiple lifestyle risk index were associated with sick leave and reduced work ability score among persons both with and without physician-diagnosed asthma. A stronger association between lifestyle and sick leave among persons with asthma was confirmed by including interaction terms in the analysis: moderate lifestyle risk score * asthma OR = 1.4 (95% CI 1.02-2.1); high lifestyle risk score * asthma OR = 1.6 (95% CI 1.1-2.3); very high lifestyle risk score * asthma OR = 1.6 (95% CI 0.97-2.7); obesity * asthma OR = 1.5 (95% CI 1.02-2.1); past smoking * asthma OR = 1.4 (95% CI 1.01-1.9); and current smoking * asthma OR = 1.4 (95% CI 1.03-2.0). There was no significant difference in the association between lifestyle and work ability score among respondents with and without asthma. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we found that physician-diagnosed asthma modified the association between lifestyle risk factors and sick leave. Asthma status did not significantly modify these associations with reduced work ability score. The results indicate that lifestyle changes could be of particular importance for employees with asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/complicações , Estilo de Vida , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adolescente , Adulto , Asma/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Av. enferm ; 38(1): 37-45, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1089008

RESUMO

Resumen Objetivo: Determinar el índice de capacidad de trabajo estimado por los profesionales de enfermería en atención primaria de salud. Metodología: Estudio cuantitativo-descriptivo de corte transversal. Participaron 72 enfermeras y se utilizó un instrumento conformado por información general y el índice de capacidad de trabajo, el cual fue validado por medio de juicio de expertos y prueba piloto, resultando un coeficiente de 0,741 de alfa de Cronbach. Se cumplió con la entrega del consentimiento informado y se usó la estadística descriptiva y el chi-cuadrado para el análisis de datos. Resultados: El índice de capacidad de trabajo fue excelente para 37,5 %, bueno para 43,1 %, moderado para 194 % y ningún participante estimó un índice bajo, además, estadísticamente se evidenció que el número de hijos presenta una asociación significativa con el índice (chi-cuadrado = 14798, p = 0,022). Conclusión: Prevalece un índice de capacidad de trabajo bueno; por lo tanto, se sugiere el respaldo de medidas para la mejora o mantenimiento de la capacidad laboral.


Resumo Objetivo: Determinar o índice de capacidade de trabalho estimado pelos profissionais de enfermagem em atendimento primário de saúde. Metodologia: Estudo quantitativo-descritivo de corte transversal. Participaram 72 enfermeiras e utilizou-se um instrumento formado pela informação geral e o índice de capacidade de trabalho, que foi validado por meio do julgamento de especialistas e teste-piloto. O resultado foi um coeficiente de 0,741 de alfa de Cronbach. Cumpriu-se com a entrega do consentimento informado e utilizou-se a estatística descritiva e o qui-quadrado para a análise de dados. Resultados: O índice de capacidade foi excelente para 37,5 %, bom para 43,1 %, moderado para 19,4 % e nenhum participante estimou um índice baixo, além disso, estatística-mente ficou evidente que o número de filhos apresenta uma associação significativa com o índice (qui-quadrado = 14.798, p = 0,022). Conclusão: Prevalece um índice de trabalho bom; portanto, sugere-se o respaldo de medidas para melhorar ou manter a capacidade laboral.


Abstract Objective: To determine the estimated work capacity index estimated by nursing professionals in primary health care. Methodology: Quantitative-descriptive cross-sectional study. Seventy-two nurses participated, and an instrument consisting of general information and the working capacity index was used, which was validated through expert judgment and pilot testing, resulting in a coefficient of 0.741 Cronbach's alpha. The delivery of informed consent was fulfilled, and the descriptive statistic and chi-square were used for data analysis. Results: The working capacity index was considered excellent for 37.5 %, good for 43.1 %, moderated to 19.4 % and no participant estimated a low rate; moreover, it was shown statistically that the number of children has a significant association with the index (chi-square = 14.798, p = 0.022). Conclusion: A good working capacity index prevails; therefore, it is suggested to support measures for the improvement or maintenance of work capacity.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Trabalho , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Saúde do Trabalhador , Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária , Peru , Estudos Transversais , Análise de Dados , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros
17.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 327, 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The unemployed have lower work ability and poorer health than the employed. This situation deteriorates when unemployment continues. The long-term unemployed often have co-morbidities and face many other challenges. This increases the need for a multidimensional assessment of work ability and functioning in different service settings. In this study, we describe the development and analyse the content validity of the Abilitator, a self-report questionnaire on work ability and functioning for those in a weak labour market position. METHODS: The Abilitator was developed in 2014-2017. Its construct was assessed by members of academic expert panels (n = 30), practical expert panels of professionals (n = 700) and target group clients (n = 28). The structure and the content of the questionnaire was co-developed in 29 workshops and adjusted twice based on the expert panels' feedback. The Abilitator was also implemented among target group clients (n = 3360) in different services and projects. During its development the Abilitator was linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The content validation process followed the guidelines recommended by the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) panel. RESULTS: The construct of the Abilitator combines the multidimensional and biopsychosocial models of work ability and functioning. It also includes aspects of social inclusion and employability. It evaluates social, psychological, cognitive and physical functioning, and the ability to cope with everyday life. The content of these concepts was validated by the academic and practical expert panels. The Abilitator's 79 ICF codes covered 57% of the Generic, 77% of the Brief Vocational Rehabilitation, and 8% of the Minimal Environmental ICF Core Sets. When compared with the Work Ability Index (WAI) and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0), the direct equivalences of the ICF codes were 36 and 44%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The Abilitator sufficiently comprehensively covers the relevant aspects to enable the assessment of the overall work ability and functioning of the population in a weak labour market position.


Assuntos
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Autorrelato , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138365

RESUMO

This study explores associations between BMI and prolonged sickness absence; cutting down at work; and health-related job loss (HRJL) over two years of follow-up among workers aged ≥50 years. A cohort of 2299 men and 2425 women (aged 50-64 years) self-reported height and weight at baseline and provided information about work ability at 12 and 24 months for the Health and Employment after Fifty (HEAF) Study. Associations between BMI and work ability were assessed by logistic regression and HRJL by multiple-record Cox's proportional hazards models, with adjustment for other risk factors. The prevalence of obesity/severe obesity was 22.6%/1.2% amongst men and 21.4%/2.6% amongst women, respectively. In men and women, obesity and severe obesity predicted having to cut down at work for health over two years. In women, severe obesity predicted prolonged sickness absence, and also HRJL even after adjustment for age, proximity to retirement, financial difficulties, and lifestyle factors (hazard ratio [HR] 2.93, 95% CI 1.38, 6.23), and additional adjustment for health conditions (HR 2.52, 95% CI 1.12, 5.67). Obesity, and particularly severe obesity, negatively impacts work ability amongst people aged 50-64 years, with greatest effects in women. Obesity can be expected to hinder attempts to encourage work to older ages.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Emprego , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated whether work ability is associated with the duration of unemployment, heart rate variability (HRV), and the level of physical activity. METHODS: Thirty-four unemployed persons (mean 55.7 ± standard deviation 33.3 years, 22 female, 12 male, unemployed: range 1-22.5 years) participated in the cross-sectional study. The Work Ability Index (WAI) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) were applied. Short-term (five minutes) resting HRV (Low Frequency (LF), High Frequency (HF), Total Power (TP)) was collected. RESULTS: Work ability was positively associated with the HRV: LF (r = 0.383; p = 0.025), HF (r = 0.412; p = 0.015) and TP (r = 0.361; p = 0.036). The WAI showed a positive linear correlation with the amount of total physical activity (r = 0.461; p = 0.006) as well as with the amount of moderate to vigorous physical activity (r = 0.413; p = 0.015). No association between the WAI and the duration of unemployment occurred. CONCLUSIONS: the relation between self-perceived work ability, health-associated parameters, the HRV and the level of physical activity points out the relevance of health-care exercise and the need of stress-reducing interventions to improve perceived work ability. Our results point out the need for the further and more holistic development of healthcare for the unemployed.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca , Desemprego , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagem
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183392

RESUMO

To determine the effectiveness of workplace interventions and the most effective methodological design for the improvement of employee productivity, work ability, and absenteeism. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of workplace interventions was conducted (PROSPERO, CRD42018094083). The PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, and Cochrane databases were searched. RCTs from 2000 to 2017 and with employees (18-65 years) were selected. Then, intervention characteristics and work-related outcomes data were extracted. A total of 47 RCTs were included in the systematic review, and 19 RCTs (11 absenteeism, 7 productivity, and 5 work ability) were included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that the effectiveness of workplace interventions for absenteeism was -1.56 (95% CI, -2.67 to -0.44) and -2.65 (95% CI, -4.49 to -0.81) considering only moderate quality RCTs. In contrast, only a few studies of workplace interventions for productivity and work ability were included, which was insufficient for determining the effectiveness and best design for improving these work outcomes. The workplace is an interesting environment to reduce absenteeism, and individualized and counseling interventions with <10 sessions/total were the most effective workplace intervention methodological design for reducing the absenteeism of employees. Future high-quality RCTs that also consider health risks should be implemented to strengthen the results.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Local de Trabalho/normas , Eficiência , Humanos , Saúde do Trabalhador
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