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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22543, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031297

RESUMO

Radiographic parameters are commonly used to determine the need for surgical supracondylar humeral (SCH) fracture reduction and the postoperative quality of reduction. We studied whether such parameters are correlated with mid-term patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores in pediatric patients.We retrospectively reviewed data from 213 patients (104 girls) treated surgically for Gartland type-II (n = 84) or type-III (n = 129) SCH fractures from 2008-2016. Mean (± standard deviation) age at surgery was 5.1 ±â€Š2.1 years. Mean time from initial treatment to outcome survey completion was 5.0 ±â€Š2.1 years (range, 2.0-10 years). We evaluated preoperative radiographs for coronal/sagittal fracture displacement, presence of impaction/comminution, Gartland classification, and rotation. Patients, parents were asked via telephone to complete the QuickDASH (Quick Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand) and PROMIS (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) Strength Impact, Upper Extremity, and Pain Interference questionnaires. Parents were also asked whether the previously fractured arm appeared normal or abnormal. We evaluated postoperative radiographs for coronal/sagittal deformity, Baumann angle, and rotation and classified reductions as near complete/complete or incomplete. Anterior humeral line through the capitellum, Baumann angle in the 7.5th to 92.5th percentile of the sample, or rotation ratio between 0.85 and 1.15 were considered near complete/complete reductions; all others were considered incomplete. Bivariate analysis was used to determine whether radiographic parameters and arm appearance were associated with QuickDASH and PROMIS scores.Patients with Gartland type-III fractures had significantly greater disability on the QuickDASH at follow-up compared with those with Gartland type-II fractures (P < .01). It is unknown if this statistical difference translates to clinical relevance. No other preoperative or postoperative radiographic parameter was significantly associated with PRO scores. There was no association between fractured arm appearance at follow-up and PRO scores.Radiographic parameters that are used to evaluate the need for and quality of pediatric SCH fracture reduction are not significantly associated with mid-term PROMIS and QuickDASH scores.LOE: Prognostic Level III.


Assuntos
Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Úmero/terapia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22548, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and complications that might be associated with pyrocarbon compared with silicone in patients undergoing joint replacement surgery. METHODS: The full-text papers about the clinical efficacy of pyrocarbon and silicone were retrieved from multiple databases. Review Manager version 5.0 was adopted for meta-analysis and analyses of sensitivity and bias. RESULTS: Ultimately, we studied 232 patients across eight studies that met the eligibility criteria. The meta-analysis suggested a significant difference between the pyrocarbon and silicone groups in terms of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score (standard mean difference (SMD) = 1.48; 95% CI [0.97, 1.99]; P = .009; P for Heterogeneity <0.00001; I = 63%); Visual Analogue Score (VAS) (SMD = 1.68; 95% CI [1.36, 1.99]; P < .00001; P for heterogeneity = 0.01; I = 61%), and the abnormal radiolucent line (RR = 6.66; 95% CI [3.19, 13.89]; P < .00001; P for heterogeneity = 0.87, I = 0%); and ossification development (RR = 0.90; 95% CI [0.56, 1.44], P = .66; P for heterogeneity = 0.94, I = 0%). CONCLUSION: This study showed that pyrocarbon might be an efficient material compared with silicone for joint replacement surgery, but resulted in poorer functional and pain outcomes compared with silicone.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição , Carbono , Prótese Articular , Silicones , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Desenho de Prótese
3.
J World Fed Orthod ; 9(3): 106-111, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of clinical closure and delayed orthodontic care delivery in terms of types of emergencies, pain intensity, and disability experienced by orthodontic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using an electronic survey that was distributed to orthodontic patients who were not seen in clinic for 2 to 3 months due to clinic closure. The survey included demographics, types of orthodontic emergencies, Numerical Rating Scale, and Manchester Orofacial Pain Disability Scale. RESULTS: There were a total of 150 respondents with mean age of 20 years; 57.33% were female patients. The most common reported orthodontic emergencies were poking wire 30%, debonded brackets 27.3%, bad odor 24%, sharp ligature tie 20%, inflammation and bleeding 9.3%, ulcer 8.7%, and problematic palatal device 8%. Pain was significantly associated with poking wire (P < 0.001), sharp ligature tie (P < 0.01), ulcer (P < 0.05), and problematic palatal device (P < 0.01). Poking wire, sharp ligature tie, and problematic palatal device were found to be significant predictors of pain intensity. Median pain intensity was 3, similar to the median disability score. There was a significant association between pain intensity and disability score (P < 0.01). With each unit increase in pain intensity, the disability score increased by 1.18. CONCLUSIONS: Delay in receiving orthodontic care could result in an orthodontic emergency, yet pain and disability resulting from these events are minimal. The decision to resume clinical service should be evaluated considering risks and benefits in case of the pandemic. Further studies are required.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Emergências , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Ortodontia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Pandemias , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899534

RESUMO

(1) Objective: The World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) classification is a unified framework for the description of health and health-related states. This study aimed to use the ICF framework to classify outcome measures used in follow-up studies of coronavirus outbreaks and make recommendations for future studies. (2) Methods: EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO were systematically searched for original studies assessing clinical outcomes in adult survivors of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (SARS), middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS) and coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) after hospital discharge. Individual items of the identified outcome measures were linked to ICF second-level and third-level categories using ICF linking rules and categorized according to an ICF component. (3) Results: In total, 33 outcome measures were identified from 36 studies. Commonly used (a) ICF body function measures were Pulmonary Function Tests (PFT), Impact of event scale (IES-R) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS); (b) ICF activity was 6-Minute Walking Distance (6MWD); (c) ICF participation measures included Short Form-36 (SF-36) and St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). ICF environmental factors and personal factors were rarely measured. (4) Conclusions: We recommend future COVID-19 follow-up studies to use the ICF framework to select a combination of outcome measures that capture all the components for a better understanding of the impact on survivors and planning interventions to maximize functional return.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/diagnóstico , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio , Pandemias , Vírus da SARS , Organização Mundial da Saúde
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(18)2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899946

RESUMO

Gait deterioration caused by prolonged walking represents one of the main consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aims at proposing quantitative indices to measure the gait deterioration effects. The experimental protocol consisted in a 6-min walking test and it involved nine patients with MS and twenty-six healthy subjects. Pathology severity was assessed through the Expanded Disability Status Scale. Seven inertial units were used to gather lower limb kinematics. Gait variability and asymmetry were assessed by coefficient of variation (CoV) and symmetry index (SI), respectively. The evolution of ROM (range of motion), CoV, and SI was computed analyzing data divided into six 60-s subgroups. Maximum difference among subgroups and the difference between the first minute and the remaining five were computed. The indices were analyzed for intra- and inter-day reliability and repeatability. Correlation with clinical scores was also evaluated. Good to excellent reliability was found for all indices. The computed standard deviations allowed us to affirm the good repeatability of the indices. The outcomes suggested walking-related fatigue leads to an always more variable kinematics in MS, in terms of changes in ROM, increase of variability and asymmetry. The hip asymmetry strongly correlated with the clinical disability.


Assuntos
Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/diagnóstico , Marcha/fisiologia , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Caminhada/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Avaliação da Deficiência , Progressão da Doença , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Feminino , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/etiologia , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/patologia , Esclerose Múltipla/fisiopatologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22284, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plate fixation and intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation methods are commonly used to treat displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. However, the differences between these 2 methods are unclear. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to compare plate fixation and intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EBM reviews, and Ovid Medline online for studies related to comparison of plate fixation versus intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation for displaced midshaft clavicle fracture from inception to June 30, 2019. Relevant literature search, data extraction, and quality assessment will be performed by 2 researchers independently. The methodological quality of all included studies was appraised using the Cochrane system for randomized trials. The RevMan 5.2 software was used for heterogeneity assessment, generating funnel-plots, data synthesis, sensitivity analysis, and determining publication bias. The fixed-effects or random-effects model was used to calculate mean difference (MD)/relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: This meta-analysis included 839 patients from 12 randomized controlled trials. We found that compared to plate fixation, intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation yielded a higher shoulder constant score [MD = -2.43, 95% CI (-3.46 to -1.41), P < .00001] and lower disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score [MD = 2.98, 95% CI (0.16-5.81), P = .04], and lower infection rates [RR = 2.05, 95% CI (1.36-3.09), P = .003], operation time [MD = 20.20, 95% CI (10.80-29.60), P < .0001], incision size [MD = 6.09, 95% CI (4.54-7.65), P < .00001], and hospital stay [MD = 1.10, 95% CI (0.56-1.64), P < .00001] but with a higher removal rate [RR = 0.52, 95% CI (0.41-0.65), P < .00001] compared to plate fixation. There were no significant differences in nonunion, reintervention, or revision and refracture between these two methods. The limitation is that many studies did not demonstrate the random generated details, and only English articles were enrolled in this meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation might be an optimum choice for treating displaced midshaft clavicle fractures, with similar performance in terms of the nonunion, reintervention, or revision and refracture, and better shoulder constant and DASH scores, infection rates, and operative parameters.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas/efeitos adversos , Clavícula/patologia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Adulto , Pinos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas Ósseas/classificação , Fraturas não Consolidadas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infecções/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ferida Cirúrgica/classificação , Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21973, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to review relevant studies in order to determine the efficacy of decompression with fusion versus decompression in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: Using appropriate keywords, we identified relevant studies using PubMed, the Cochrane library, and Embase. Key pertinent sources in the literature were also reviewed, and all articles published through October 2019 were considered for inclusion. For each study, we used odds ratios, mean difference (MD), and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) to assess and synthesize outcomes. RESULTS: We found 13 studies that were consistent with this meta-analysis with a total of 29066 patients. Compared with decompression, decompression with fusion significantly increased the incidence of complications (RR: 1.41, 95%CI: 1.26-1.57), the length of hospital stay (WMD: 1.868, 95%CI: 1.394-2.343), operative time (WMD: 80.399, 95%CI: 44.397-116.401), estimated blood loss (WMD: 309.356, 95%CI: 98.008-520.704) and Zurich claudication questionnaire in symptom severity (WMD: 0.200, 95%CI: 0.006-0.394). The reoperation rate was lower in the decompression with fusion group than the decompression group but without significant difference (RR: 0.91, 95%CI: 0.82-1.00). There was no significant difference between 2 groups in visual analog scale (leg pain and back pain), ODI, Short Form 36 Health Survey physical component summary, Short Form 36 Health Survey mental component summary, and Zurich claudication questionnaire physical function. CONCLUSION: Decompression with fusion has no significant clinical advantages in treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis when compared with decompression.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Reoperação
8.
Rev Med Liege ; 75(9): 582-587, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to investigate the questionnaires used in French-speaking Belgian spine multidisciplinary rehabilitation centers for patients with low back pain and to propose a minimal core set of questionnaires based on the results of our survey and on the (inter)national guidelines. METHODS: the spine centers offering the 36 two-hour sessions defined by the Belgian national Institute for Health and disability insurance were invited to provide their battery of questionnaires. RESULTS: among the 37 identified and contacted centers, 21 participated in our survey. Results pointed out the use of questionnaires assessing pain intensity, disability, anxiety/depression and kinesiophobia in most centers as well as a huge heterogeneity regarding the questionnaires (and even the version of the questionnaire) reported and the non-systematic use of questionnaires recommended by the guidelines. CONCLUSION: taking into account the results of this survey, the present article proposes a minimal core set of questionnaires meeting the guidelines, which would make it possible to harmonize the assessments in the different centers and would facilitate the realization of multicenter studies.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Bélgica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Centros de Reabilitação , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22204, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925797

RESUMO

Many surgical procedures have been developed for the treatment of post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis. But there is a significant controversy over the ideal management. The aim of this study was to illustrate the technique of modified grade 4 osteotomy for the treatment of post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis and to evaluate clinical and radiographic results of patients treated with this technique.From May 2013 to May 2018, 42 consecutive patients experiencing post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis underwent the technique of modified grade 4 osteotomy, and their medical records were retrospectively collected. Preoperative and postoperative sagittal Cobb angle, visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) were recorded. The average follow-up period was 29.7 ±â€Š14.2 months.The operation time was 185.5 ±â€Š26.8 minutes, the intraoperative blood loss was 545.2 ±â€Š150.1 mL. The Cobb angles decreased from 38.5 ±â€Š3.8 degree preoperatively to 4.2 ±â€Š2.6 degree 2 weeks after surgery (P < .001). The VAS reduced from 6.5 ±â€Š1.1 preoperatively to 1.5 ±â€Š0.9 at final follow-up (P < .001), and the ODI reduced from 59.5 ±â€Š15.7 preoperatively to 15.9 ±â€Š5.8 at final follow-up (P < .001). Kyphotic deformity was successfully corrected and bony fusion was achieved in all patients. Neurologic function of 7 cases was improved to various degrees.Modified grade 4 osteotomy, upper disc, and upper one-third to half of pedicle are resected, is an effective treatment option for post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis. However, the long-term clinical effect still needs further studies.


Assuntos
Cifose/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escala Visual Analógica
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22098, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP) is gradually increasing among populations worldwide and affects their activities. Recently, the Nd:YAG laser has been presented in the rehabilitation field. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the short-term effects of the Nd:YAG laser on chronic non-specific LBP individuals. METHODS: Thirty-five individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP were included in the study from December 2019 to March 2020. Randomly, they were categorized to Nd:YAG group (n = 18) and sham laser as a control (n = 17) thrice weekly for a 6-week intervention. Modified Oswestry disability index (MODI), pain disability index (PDI), visual analogue scale (VAS), and lumbar flexion range of motion (ROM) have been assessed pre and post-6 weeks of the intervention. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed in the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .007; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .002), whereas the sham group showed no significant changes (MODI, P = .451; PDI, P = .339; VAS, P = .107; lumbar ROM, P = .296) after 6-week intervention. Between-group comparisons showed significant differences in tending toward the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .046; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Regarding the present study outcomes, short-term pulsed Nd:YAG laser (6 weeks) may reduce functional disabilities and pain intensity, and improve the lumbar flexion ROM in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP. Further well-designed randomized controlled studies with large sample sizes should be conducted regarding laser treatment.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Dor Lombar/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Método Simples-Cego
11.
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd ; 237(9): 1045-1059, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967029

RESUMO

The ophthalmologic assessment of causal relationships is subject to formal guidelines, depending on the legal field (social law in the statutory accident insurance, civil law in the private accident insurance). After determining all objective and subjective findings of the individual case with complete recording of the medical facts, the ophthalmologist has the task of making a summarizing assessment of the existing cause-and-effect relationship. With regard to the distinction between retinal damage caused by an accident or retinal disease not caused by an accident, it is necessary to weigh up the natural causality according to the state of medical experience on the basis of the criteria strength of association, consistency, specificity, temporal sequence, dose dependence, agreement with previous findings, experimental reliability and analogous consideration. All records of medical findings from the patient's medical history and the individual description of the accident must be included in the expert opinion. In the case of several competing causes (often accident and pre-existing damage), the social law in the statutory accident insurance must present the causal contributions with roughly estimated probabilities. In civil law, valid for the private accident insurance, the existence of partial causality (approx. 25, 50, 75%) must be evaluated.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Doenças Retinianas , Prova Pericial , Humanos , Seguro de Acidentes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 188-196, May-Aug. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1114927

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Screening instruments are widely used to monitor child development. The accurate use of standardized tools is an indispensable condition for clinical practice and research aimed at detecting developmental risks and other problems in childrenOBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to analyze the use of standardized tools for child development screening used in studies with Brazilian childrenMETHODS: Two independent researchers selected references in English and Portuguese from five databases through which they searched for studies that used screening tests to assess the development of Brazilian children. All articles were read to determine the main objective, design, target population, the type of screening test, and the purpose of using the test with Brazilian childrenRESULTS: Among the 27 papers analyzed, most of them was observational studies conducted with children up to six years of age, with the main objective to screen development delays and analyze associations between risks and child development. Four instruments were identified: Denver Developmental Screening Test II, Ages and Stages Questionnaire, Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development Screening Test, and Battelle Developmental Inventory Screening Test. Three of these tests have been validated for use in BrazilCONCLUSION: This review suggests that the screening instruments have been used in research for different purposes, such as in the diagnosis of developmental problems, and sometimes inappropriately. Furthermore, studies to validate measures for screening and assessing the development of Brazilian children are still scarce and, therefore, deserve more attention


INTRODUÇÃO: Instrumentos de triagem são usados para monitoramento do desenvolvimento infantil. O uso acurado de ferramentas padronizadas é condição indispensável para a prática clínica e pesquisas que visam detectar risco de desenvolvimento e problemas em criançasOBJETIVO: O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi analisar o uso de instrumentos padronizados de triagem do desenvolvimento infantil adotados em estudos com crianças brasileirasMÉTODO: Dois pesquisadores independentes selecionaram em cinco bases de dados referencias em Inglês e Português onde buscaram estudos que usaram testes de triagem para avaliação do desenvolvimento de crianças brasileiras. Todos os artigos foram lidos para analisar o objetivo principal, delineamento, população-alvo, o tipo de teste de triagem e o propósito de uso do teste com crianças brasileirasRESULTADOS: Dentre os 27 artigos analisados, a maioria deles eram estudos observacionais conduzidos com crianças até seis anos de idade com objetivo principal de rastrear atrasos e analisar associações entre riscos e desenvolvimento. Quatro instrumentos foram identificados: Teste de Triagem do Desenvolvimento de Denver II; Ages and Stages Questionnaire; Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Screening Test; e Battelle Developmental Inventory Screening Test. Três testes estão sendo validados para uso no BrasilCONCLUSÃO: Esta revisão sugere que os instrumentos de triagem têm sido usados nas pesquisas com diferentes finalidades, por vezes de forma apropriada ou incorreta, como por exemplo para diagnosticar problemas de desenvolvimento. Além disso, os estudos de validação de medidas para triagem e avaliação do desenvolvimento de crianças brasileiras ainda são escassos e, por isso, merecem atenção


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Triagem , Vigilância , Avaliação da Deficiência , Deficiências da Aprendizagem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21309, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microscopic bilateral decompression (MBD) has been suggested as an alternative to open laminectomy and fusion. Recently, percutaneous biportal endoscopic decompression (PBED) has begun to attract attention. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate postoperative pain, functional disability, symptom reduction and satisfaction, and specific surgical parameters between the MBD and PBED techniques in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). METHODS: A retrospective review of LSS patients performed with MBD or PBED technique between May 2015 and June 2018 was conducted. Institutional review board approval in People's Hospital of Ningxia Hui Nationality Autonomous Region was obtained prior to conducting chart review and analysis. We received informed consent from all patients before surgery. The primary outcomes assessed were the preoperative to postoperative changes in leg/back pain and disability/function, patient satisfaction with the procedure, and postoperative quality of life. The secondary outcomes including duration of postoperative hospital stay, time to mobilization, postoperative analgesic use, complication rates, and baseline patient characteristics were prospectively collected. RESULTS: The hypothesis was that the PBED technique would achieve better clinical outcomes as compared to the MBD technique in LSS.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/tendências , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos Clínicos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Endoscopia/métodos , Humanos , Laminectomia/normas , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Microscopia/instrumentação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/normas , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0234698, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brief assessments of functional status for community-dwelling older adults are needed given expanded interest in the measurement of functional decline. METHODS: As part of a 2015 prospective cohort study of older adults aged 60-89 years in Jiangsu Province, China, 1506 participants were randomly assigned to two groups; each group was administered one of two alternative 20-item versions of a scale to assess activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) drawn from multiple commonly-used scales. One version asked if they required help to perform activities (ADL-IADL-HELP-20), while the other version provided additional response options if activities could be done alone but with difficulty (ADL-IADL-DIFFICULTY-20). Item responses to both versions were compared using the binomial test for differences in proportion (with Wald 95% confidence interval [CI]). A brief 9-item scale (ADL-IADL-DIFFICULTY-9) was developed favoring items identified as difficult or requiring help by ≥4%, with low redundancy and/or residual correlations, and with significant correlations with age and other health indicators. We repeated assessment of the measurement properties of the brief scale in two subsequent samples of older adults in Hong Kong in 2016 (aged 70-79 years; n = 404) and 2017 (aged 65-82 years; n = 1854). RESULTS: Asking if an activity can be done alone but with difficulty increased the proportion of participants reporting restriction on 9 of 20 items, for which 95% CI for difference scores did not overlap with zero; the proportion with at least one limitation increased from 28.6% to 34.2% or an absolute increase of 5.6% (95% CI = 0.9-10.3%), which was a relative increase of 19.6%. The brief ADL-IADL-DIFFICULTY-9 maintained excellent internal consistency (α = 0.93) and had similar ceiling effect (68.1%), invariant item ordering (H trans = .41; medium), and correlations with age and other health measures compared with the 20-item version. The brief scale performed similarly when subsequently administered to older adults in Hong Kong. CONCLUSIONS: Asking if tasks can be done alone but with difficulty can modestly reduce ceiling effects. It's possible that the length of commonly-used scales can be reduced by over half if researchers are primarily interested in a summed indicator rather than an inventory of specific types of deficits.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Avaliação da Deficiência , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Hong Kong , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21889, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846850

RESUMO

Electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF) therapy provides information on the state of contraction of the targeted muscles and relaxation of their antagonists, which can facilitate early active range of motion (RoM) after elbow surgery. Our aim in this study was to calculate the minimum detectable change (MDC) during EMG-BF therapy, initiated in the early postoperative period after elbow surgery.This study is an observational case series. EMG-BF of muscle contraction and relaxation was provided during active elbow flexion and extension exercises. Patients completed 3 sets of 10 trials each of flexion and extension over 4 weeks. The total range of flexion-extension motion and scores on the Japanese Society for Surgery of the Hand version of the disability of the arm, shoulder, and hand questionnaire and the Japanese version of the Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation were obtained at baseline and weekly during the 4-week intervention period. A prediction formula was developed from the time-series data obtained during the intervention period, using the least-squares method. The estimated value was calculated by removing the slope from the prediction formula and adding the initial scores to residuals between the measured scores and predicted scores individually. Systematic error, MDC at the 95th percentile cutoff (MDC95), repeatability of the measures, and the change from the baseline to each time-point of intervention were assessed.The MDC95 was obtained for all 3 outcome measures and the range of values was as follows: RoM, 8.3° to 22.5°; Japanese version of the Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation score, 17.6 to 30.6 points; and disability of the arm, shoulder, and hand questionnaire subscale: disability and symptoms score, 14.2 to 22.9 points.The efficacy of EMG-BF after elbow surgery was reflected in earlier initiation of elbow RoM after surgery and improvement in patient-reported upper limb function scores. The calculated MDC95 cut-offs could be used as reference values to assess the therapeutic effects of EMG-BF in individuals.


Assuntos
Biorretroalimentação Psicológica/métodos , Cotovelo/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Reabilitação/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Avaliação da Deficiência , Cotovelo/patologia , Eletromiografia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Relaxamento Muscular/fisiologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Período Pós-Operatório , Reabilitação/tendências , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Stroke ; 51(9): e254-e258, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787707

RESUMO

Recent case-series of small size implied a pathophysiological association between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and severe large-vessel acute ischemic stroke. Given that severe strokes are typically associated with poor prognosis and can be very efficiently treated with recanalization techniques, confirmation of this putative association is urgently warranted in a large representative patient cohort to alert stroke clinicians, and inform pre- and in-hospital acute stroke patient pathways. We pooled all consecutive patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 and acute ischemic stroke in 28 sites from 16 countries. To assess whether stroke severity and outcomes (assessed at discharge or at the latest assessment for those patients still hospitalized) in patients with acute ischemic stroke are different between patients with COVID-19 and non-COVID-19, we performed 1:1 propensity score matching analyses of our COVID-19 patients with non-COVID-19 patients registered in the Acute Stroke Registry and Analysis of Lausanne Registry between 2003 and 2019. Between January 27, 2020, and May 19, 2020, 174 patients (median age 71.2 years; 37.9% females) with COVID-19 and acute ischemic stroke were hospitalized (median of 12 patients per site). The median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale was 10 (interquartile range [IQR], 4-18). In the 1:1 matched sample of 336 patients with COVID-19 and non-COVID-19, the median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale was higher in patients with COVID-19 (10 [IQR, 4-18] versus 6 [IQR, 3-14]), P=0.03; (odds ratio, 1.69 [95% CI, 1.08-2.65] for higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score). There were 48 (27.6%) deaths, of which 22 were attributed to COVID-19 and 26 to stroke. Among 96 survivors with available information about disability status, 49 (51%) had severe disability at discharge. In the propensity score-matched population (n=330), patients with COVID-19 had higher risk for severe disability (median mRS 4 [IQR, 2-6] versus 2 [IQR, 1-4], P<0.001) and death (odds ratio, 4.3 [95% CI, 2.22-8.30]) compared with patients without COVID-19. Our findings suggest that COVID-19 associated ischemic strokes are more severe with worse functional outcome and higher mortality than non-COVID-19 ischemic strokes.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pontuação de Propensão , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Análise de Sobrevida , Tempo para o Tratamento , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study an effect of robotic mechanotherapy on the functional condition of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) with impaired walking function using the ExoAtlet exoskeleton. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective open-source, uncontrolled, single-center study included 44 patients (main group, MG) with remitting course in remission (RRS) and secondary-progressive course (VPRS) of MS with 3 to 8 points on the Extended Disability Status Scale (EDSS). Eighteen people (subgroup 1) of this group were re-examined after 3 months and 8 people completed the second rehabilitation course (subgroup 2). Neurological deficits and functional condition of patients were assessed using the EDSS, the Multiple sclerosis functional composite (MSFC) test, which includes the assessment of walking - Timed 25- Footwalk, the assessment of upper limb functions - 9-HolePegTest (9-HPT), the assessment of mental abilities - Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT). Additionally, cognitive functions were assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA). RESULTS: The improvement in the EDSS score was 0.23 points (5%, p<0.001) after the first course and 0.64 points (12%, p<0.02) after 3 months. The study of the pyramid system showed an improvement of this indicator by 0.29 points (10.2%, p<0.02) in patients of MG and by 1 point (32.3%, p<0.05) in subgroup 2. The SDMT subtest showed the improvement by 2.3 points (4.5%, p<0.02) in MG. In subgroup 2, the improvement by 17.1 points (38.9%), p<0.05) before the start of the 2nd course and by 22.9 points (52%, p<0.02) at the end of the 2nd course of rehabilitation was observed. The improvement of the Timed 25-Foot walk test in MG patients was 3.1 seconds (19.6%, p<0.001), the 9-Hole Peg Test on the dominant hand was 1.56 seconds (5.1%, p<0.02), and on the non - dominant hand 2.28 seconds (6.2%, p<0.02). After rehabilitation, the MoCA test showed the significant (p<0.001) improvement in cognitive functions by 1.6 points (6.1%) in MG and by 1.9 points (7.5%, p<0.05) in subgroup 2. CONCLUSION: The results have shown the effectiveness regarding the problems in MS patients and the prospects for further study of the possibilities of robotic assistance to walking and support a vertical posture using the ExoAtlet exoskeleton in order to restore walking function in MS patients with motor deficits.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Esclerose Múltipla , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Caminhada
18.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790978

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the complex therapy of nonspecific low back pain (LBP) with amelotex, calmirex, kompligamB in comparison with the monotherapy with amelotex. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational study included sixty patients, aged 53.73±11.84 53 years, with nonspecific LBP. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the basic group (n=30) received calmirex (150mg 2 times a day during 10 days), amelotex (7.5 mg 2 times a day, 7 days) and kompligamB (1 ml once a day, 10 days). The control group (n=30) received only amelotex (7.5 mg 2 times a day, 7 days). The dynamics of the condition was assessed on a 10-point numerical rating scale (at rest, walking, palpation), the Oswestry functional status questionnaire (Oswestry Disability Index; ODI), as well as indicators of laboratory markers reflecting the severity of the inflammatory process (erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein (CRP)). RESULTS: The severity of pain syndrome significantly decreased in both groups, to a greater extent in the basic group, and ODI indicators also significantly improved in the basic group. CRP indicators showed more pronounced changes in the basic group. CONCLUSION: The complex therapy that affects all links in the formation of pain syndrome should be recommended to patients with LBP.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Adulto , Idoso , Dor nas Costas , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Caminhada
19.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(17): 717-729, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833390

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although the Patient-reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is increasingly being used, there are few studies assessing the psychometric properties of PROMIS in minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgery. Thus, the purpose of this study was to perform a psychometric evaluation of PROMIS Physical Function Computer Adaptive Testing (PROMIS-PF CAT) in MIS lumbar surgery. METHODS: The patient-reported outcome measures collected preoperatively and postoperatively of patients undergoing MIS lumbar surgery were retrospectively analyzed to assess responsiveness, coverage, discriminant validity, and concurrent validity of PROMIS-PF CAT. RESULTS: Four hundred twenty-one patients were included. The responsiveness of PROMIS Physical Function (PROMIS-PF) was lower than that of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) in the decompression subgroup. Although the ODI had a ceiling effect of 16.7% at 1 year, the Short-Form 12 physical health score and PROMIS-PF did not show floor or ceiling effects. PROMIS-PF demonstrated discriminant validity preoperatively and postoperatively and convergent validity with the ODI, as evidenced by a significant strong negative correlation but not with the Short-Form 12 Physical Health Score, as evidenced by the variability in strength of correlation. CONCLUSIONS: Although the PROMIS-PF showed lower responsiveness than the ODI, particularly in the decompression subgroup, it demonstrated discriminant validity preoperatively and postoperatively, convergent validity with ODI, and better coverage than ODI. These findings suggest that the PROMIS-PF CAT demonstrates reasonable psychometric properties and may be a good surrogate for the ODI.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/psicologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/psicologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Dados , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237778, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841249

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) is widely used in clinical practice and research as a three-dimensional measure of tinnitus severity. Despite extensive use, its factor structure remains unclear. Furthermore, THI can be considered a reliable measure only if Cronbach's alpha coefficient and Classical Test Theory is used. The more modern and robust Item Response Theory (IRT) has so far not been used to psychometrically evaluate THI. In theory, IRT allows a more precise evaluation of THI's factor structure, reliability, and the quality of individual items. METHOD: There were 1115 patients with tinnitus (556 women and 559 men), aged 19-84 years (M = 51.55; SD = 13.28). The dimensionality of THI was evaluated using several models of Confirmatory Factor Analysis and an Item Response Theory approach. Exploratory non-parametric Mokken scaling was applied to determine a unidimensional and robust scale. Several IRT polytomous models were used to assess the overall quality of THI. RESULTS: The bifactor model had the best fit (RMSEA = 0.055; CFI = 0.976; SRMR = 0.040) and revealed one strong general factor and several weak specific factors. Mokken scaling generated a reliable unidimensional scale (Loevinger's H = 0.463). In order to refine THI we propose that five items be removed. The IRT Generalized Partial Credit Model generated good parameters in terms of item location (difficulty), discrimination, and information content of items. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the use of THI to evaluate tinnitus severity in terms of it being a reliable unidimensional scale. However, clinicians and researchers should rely only on its overall score, which reflects global tinnitus severity. To improve its psychometric quality, several refinements of THI are proposed.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Psicometria/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Zumbido/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Zumbido/complicações , Zumbido/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
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