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1.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 76(5): 540-548, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170591

RESUMO

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly spread worldwide. This study sought to share our experiences with in-hospital management and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during the COVID-19 pandemic. We retrospectively analyzed consecutive AMI patients, including those with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI), from February 1, 2020, to April 15, 2020 (during the COVID-19 pandemic), and from January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2019 (before the COVID-19 pandemic), respectively. Fifty-three AMI patients (31 STEMI, 22 NSTEMI) during the COVID-19 pandemic were matched to 53 AMI patients before the pandemic. Baseline characteristics were comparable between the matched patients. STEMI patients during the COVID-19 pandemic had a longer delay time, less primary or remedial PCI and more emergency thrombolysis than those before the pandemic. Less coronary angiography and stenting were performed in AMI patients during the COVID-19 pandemic than before the pandemic. There were no statistically significant differences in the clinical outcomes between the matched patients. However, STEMI patients during the COVID-19 pandemic had a 4-fold (12.9% vs. 3.2%) increase in all-cause mortality rate compared with those before the pandemic. AMI combined with COVID-19 infection was associated with higher rates of mortality than AMI alone. This study demonstrates that the COVID-19 pandemic results in significant reperfusion delays in STEMI patients and has a marked impact on the treatment options selection in AMI patients. The mortality rate of STEMI patients exhibits an increasing trend during the pandemic of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Cardiologia/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/tendências , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/tendências , Tempo para o Tratamento/tendências , Idoso , China , Angiografia Coronária/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 18(5): 564-571, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: With the declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic, many studies have indicated that elective surgeries should be postponed. However, postponement of transplants may cause diseases to get worse and increase the number in wait lists. We believe that, with precautions, transplant does not pose a risk during pandemic. Here, we aimed to evaluate our transplant results, which we safely performed during a 6-month pandemic period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Until September 2020, 3140 kidney and 667 liver transplants have been performed in our centers. We evaluated 38 kidney transplants and 9 liver transplants procedures performed during the pandemic (March 1 to September 2, 2020). Recipient and donor candidates were screened for COVID-19 with polymerase chain reaction and thoracic computed tomography. All recipients had routine immunosuppressive protocol. During hospitalization at our COVID-19-free transplant facility, we restricted the interactions during multidisciplinary rounds. RESULTS: During the pandemic, 38 kidney transplants with an average length of hospital stay of 8.1 days were performed. Mean serum creatinine values of recipients were 0.91, 0.86, and 0.74 mg/dL on postoperative days 7, 30, and 90, respectively. During the pandemic, 9 living donor liver transplants (1 adult, 8 pediatric) were performed with an average length of hospital stay of 17.1 days. Mean serum total bilirubin levels were 0.9, 0.5, and 0.4 mg/dL on postoperative days 7, 30, and 90, respectively. Mean serum aspartate aminotransferase levels were 38.1, 28.3, and 22.3 U/L on postoperative days 7, 30, and 90, respectively. All recipients and donors were successfully discharged. Only 1 liver recipient died (on day 55 after discharge as a result of oxalosis-induced heart failure). CONCLUSIONS: According to our results, when precautions are taken, transplant does not pose a risk to patients during the pandemic period. We attribute the safety and success shown to our newly developed protocol in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Transplante de Rim/tendências , Transplante de Fígado/tendências , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/tendências , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Turquia , Listas de Espera , Adulto Jovem
4.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e172, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028455

RESUMO

AIMS: To test the impact of using different idioms in epidemiological interviews on the prevalence and correlates of poor mental health and mental health service use. METHODS: We conducted a randomised methodological experiment in a nationally representative sample of the US adult population, comparing a lay idiom, which asked about 'problems with your emotions or nerves' with a more medical idiom, which asked about 'problems with your mental health'. Differences across study arms in the associations of endorsement of problems with the Kessler-6 (a validated assessment of psychological distress), demographic characteristics, self-rated health and mental health service use were examined. RESULTS: Respondents were about half as likely to endorse a problem when asked with the more medical idiom (18.1%) than when asked with the lay idiom (35.1%). The medical idiom had a significantly larger area under the ROC curve when compared against a validated measure of psychological distress than the lay idiom (0.91 v. 0.87, p = 0.012). The proportion of the population who endorsed a problem but did not receive treatment in the past year was less than half as large for the medical idiom (7.90%) than for the lay idiom (20.94%). Endorsement of problems differed in its associations with age, sex, race/ethnicity and self-rated health depending on the question idiom. For instance, the odds of endorsing problems were threefold higher in the youngest than the oldest age group when the medical idiom was used (OR = 3.07; 95% CI 1.47-6.41) but did not differ across age groups when the lay idiom was used (OR = 0.76; 95% CI 0.43-1.36). CONCLUSION: Choice of idiom in epidemiological questionnaires can affect the apparent correlates of poor mental health and service use. Cultural change within populations over time may require changes in instrument wording to maintain consistency in epidemiological measurement of psychiatric conditions.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Serviços de Saúde Mental/provisão & distribução , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Percepção , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Open Heart ; 7(2)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To understand the impact of COVID-19 on delivery and outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Furthermore, to compare clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with active COVID-19 against those without COVID-19. METHODS: We systematically analysed 348 STEMI cases presenting to the PPCI programme in London during the peak of the pandemic (1 March to 30 April 2020) and compared with 440 cases from the same period in 2019. Outcomes of interest included ambulance response times, timeliness of revascularisation, angiographic and procedural characteristics, and in-hospital clinical outcomes RESULTS: There was a 21% reduction in STEMI admissions and longer ambulance response times (87 (62-118) min in 2020 vs 75 (57-95) min in 2019, p<0.001), but that this was not associated with a delays in achieving revascularisation once in hospital (48 (34-65) min in 2020 vs 48 (35-70) min in 2019, p=0.35) or increased mortality (10.9% (38) in 2020 vs 8.6% (38) in 2019, p=0.28). 46 patients with active COVID-19 were more thrombotic and more likely to have intensive care unit admissions (32.6% (15) vs 9.3% (28), OR 5.74 (95%CI 2.24 to 9.89), p<0.001). They also had increased length of stay (4 (3-9) days vs 3 (2-4) days, p<0.001) and a higher mortality (21.7% (10) vs 9.3% (28), OR 2.72 (95% CI 1.25 to 5.82), p=0.012) compared with patients having PPCI without COVID-19. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that PPCI pathways can be maintained during unprecedented healthcare emergencies but confirms the high mortality of STEMI in the context of concomitant COVID-19 infection characterised by a heightened state of thrombogenicity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Procedimentos Clínicos/organização & administração , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Ambulâncias/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Londres/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Segurança do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Trombose/mortalidade , Trombose/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento/organização & administração , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 15: 2237-2248, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061341

RESUMO

Purpose: In this study, we investigated the acute exacerbation and outcomes of COPD patients during the outbreak of COVID-19 and evaluated the prevalence and mortality of COPD patients with confirmed COVID-19. Methods: A prospectively recruited cohort of 489 COPD patients was retrospectively followed-up for their conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic from December 2019 to March 2020 in Hubei, China. In addition, the features of 821 discharged patients with confirmed COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Of the 489 followed-up enrolled COPD patients, 2 cases were diagnosed as confirmed COVID-19, and 97 cases had exacerbations, 32 cases of which were hospitalized, and 14 cases died. Compared with the 6-month follow-up results collected 1 year ago, in 307 cases of this cohort, the rates of exacerbations and hospitalization of the 489 COPD patients during the last 4 months decreased, while the mortality rate increased significantly (2.86% vs 0.65%, p=0.023). Of the 821 patients with COVID-19, 37 cases (4.5%) had pre-existing COPD. Of 180 confirmed deaths, 19 cases (10.6%) were combined with COPD. Compared to COVID-19 deaths without COPD, COVID-19 deaths with COPD had higher rates of coronary artery disease and/or cerebrovascular diseases. Old age, low BMI and low parameters of lung function were risk factors of all-cause mortality for COVID-19 patients with pre-existing COPD. Conclusion: Our findings imply that acute exacerbations and hospitalizations of COPD patients were infrequent during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, COVID-19 patients with pre-existing COPD had a higher risk of all-cause mortality.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , China/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Fatores de Risco
7.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 21(11): 869-873, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009170

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to verify the impact on the number and characteristics of coronary invasive procedures for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) of two hub centers with cardiac catheterization facilities, during the first month of lockdown following the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Procedural data of ACS patients admitted between 10 March and 10 April 2020 were compared with those of the same period of 2019. RESULTS: We observed a 23.4% reduction in ACS admissions during 2020, with a decrease for both ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (-5.6%) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (-34.5%), albeit not statistically significant (P = 0.2). During the first 15 days of the examined periods, the reduction in ACS admissions reached 52.5% (-25% for STEMI and -70.3% for non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, P = 0.04). Among STEMI patients, the rate of those with a time delay from symptoms onset longer than 180 min was significantly higher during the lockdown period (P = 0.01). Radiograph exposure (P = 0.01) was higher in STEMI patients treated in 2020 with a slightly higher amount of contrast medium (P = 0.1) and number of stents implanted (P = 0.1), whereas the number of treated vessels was reduced (P = 0.03). Percutaneous coronary intervention procedural success and in-hospital mortality were not different between the two groups and in STEMI patients (P NS for all). CONCLUSION: During the early phase, the COVID-19 outbreak was associated with a lower rate of admissions for ACS, with a substantial impact on the time delay presentation of STEMI patients, but apparently without affecting the in-hospital outcomes.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Infecções por Coronavirus , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pneumonia Viral , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico Tardio/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Ann Acad Med Singap ; 49(7): 449-455, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000107

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to spread on an unprecedented scale from around the world, we described our experience in treating early COVID-19 cases in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study of COVID-19 patients admitted to a tertiary care centre in North India between 2 March-4 April 2020 was performed. The clinical, epidemiological, laboratory, treatment and outcome data of patients were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 75 patients were treated and 56 (74.66%) were men. The clinical spectrum of COVID-19 ranged from asymptomatic to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Fever (85.36%) was the most common symptom followed by cough (56.09%) and dyspnoea (19.51%). Findings from hemogram analysis showed that 32%, 21.33% and 18.67% of patients had lymphopaenia, eosinopenia and thrombocytopaenia, respectively. Inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein, D-dimer, ferritin, fibrin degradation product and interleukin-6 were significantly elevated (P <0.05) in patients who required oxygen therapy than those who did not require it, suggesting the potential role such markers could play in predicting prognosis in patients. Mean hospital stay was 9.2 days and 72 (96%) patients made a complete recovery, but 3 (4%) patients demised after progressing to ARDS. CONCLUSION: The clinical and epidemiological spectrum of COVID-19 has jeopardised the health system in India. Without a proven therapy to combat this pandemic and with no sight of vaccines in the near future, a preventive strategy should be adopted to contain the spread of this infectious disease.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Índia , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Oxigenoterapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Sintomas , Adulto Jovem
9.
BMC Nephrol ; 21(1): 419, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infection with the severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has led to a worldwide pandemic with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, overwhelming healthcare systems globally. Preliminary reports suggest a high incidence of infection and mortality with SARS-CoV-2 in patients receiving kidney replacement therapy (KRT). The aims of this study are to report characteristics, rates and outcomes of all patients affected by infection with SARS-CoV-2 undergoing KRT in Scotland. METHODS: Study design was an observational cohort study. Data were linked between the Scottish Renal Registry, Health Protection Scotland and the Scottish Intensive Care Society Audit Group national data sets using a unique patient identifier (Community Health Index (CHI)) for each individual by the Public Health and Intelligence unit of Public Health, Scotland. Descriptive statistics and survival analyses were performed. RESULTS: During the period 1st March 2020 to 31st May 2020, 110 patients receiving KRT tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 amounting to 2% of the prevalent KRT population. Of those affected, 86 were receiving haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis and 24 had a renal transplant. Patients who tested positive were older and more likely to reside in more deprived postcodes. Mortality was high at 26.7% in the dialysis patients and 29.2% in the transplant patients. CONCLUSION: The rate of detected SARS-CoV-2 in people receiving KRT in Scotland was relatively low but with a high mortality for those demonstrating infection. Although impossible to confirm, it appears that the measures taken within dialysis units coupled with the national shielding policy, have been effective in protecting this population from infection.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus , Falência Renal Crônica , Transplante de Rim/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Terapia de Substituição Renal , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública/métodos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia de Substituição Renal/métodos , Terapia de Substituição Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Escócia/epidemiologia
10.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105083, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Older patients with pre-existing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) receive less evidence-based care after acute myocardial infarction, however, whether they receive less care after acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is unknown. We compared receipt of guideline-concordant procedures after AIS between older adults with pre-existing MCI and normal cognition. METHODS: Prospective study of 591 adults ≥65 hospitalized for AIS between 2000 and 2014, and followed through 2015 using data from the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study, Medicare and American Hospital Association. We assessed pre-existing MCI (modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status score of 7-11) and normal cognition (score of 12-27). Primary outcome was a composite quality measure representing the number of 4 procedures (carotid imaging, cardiac monitoring, echocardiogram, and rehabilitation assessment) received within 30 days after AIS (ordinal scale with values of 0, 1, 2, 3-4). RESULTS: Among survivors of AIS, 26.9% had pre-existing MCI (62.9% were women, with a mean [SD] age of 82.4 [7.7] years), and 73.1% had normal cognition (51.4% were women, with a mean age of 78.4 [7.2] years). Patients with pre-existing MCI, compared to cognitively normal patients, had 39% lower cumulative odds of receiving the composite quality measure (unadjusted cumulative odds ratio, OR, 0.61 [95% CI, 0.43-0.87]; P=0.006). However, this association became non-significant after adjusting for patient and hospital factors (adjusted cumulative OR, 0.83 [95% CI, 0.56-1.24]; P=0.37). Lower cumulative odds of receiving the composite quality measure were associated with older patient age (adjusted cumulative OR per 1-year older age, 0.97 [95% CI, 0.95-0.99]; P=0.01) and Southern hospitals (adjusted cumulative OR for South vs North, 0.54 [95% CI, 0.31-0.94]; P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Differences in receipt of guideline-concordant procedures after AIS exist between patients with pre-existing MCI and normal cognition. These differences were largely explained by patient and regional factors associated with receiving less AIS care.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 20(11): 1044-1049, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924229

RESUMO

AIM: We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics, treatment and outcomes of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia, in particular older patients, admitted to tertiary and partner hospitals in Saitama, Japan. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia admitted to tertiary and partner hospitals in Saitama, Japan. Twenty-six patients with COVID-19 were categorized into two groups, i.e., older (≥75 years) and younger adults (≤74 years). We evaluated the clinical characteristics, comorbidities, symptoms, laboratory test results, treatments and outcomes of the patients. RESULTS: The majority of the older patients had comorbidities, such as dementia, cardiovascular disease and bone fractures. Comorbidities were significantly more frequent in older patients than younger patients. No association was found between age and body temperature or the incidence of respiratory failure. White blood cell count was significantly lower in older patients (P = 0.018) and the decrease in lymphocytes was greater in younger patients (P = 0.009). Computed tomography (CT) of all patients showed non-segmental, peripherally dominant ground-glass opacities consistent with COVID-19 pneumonia. In older patients, antiviral drugs, anticoagulants and anti-inflammatory drugs were administered on a compassionate use basis. The difference in mortality between the older and the younger patients was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In older patients, typical clinical symptoms and blood test changes were often absent; however, CT always contained typical findings of COVID-19, suggesting that CT may be a useful diagnostic tool. Our report illustrates that appropriate treatment, taking patient background into consideration, may improve their condition regardless of age. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2020; 20: 1044-1049.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Contagem de Leucócitos/métodos , Contagem de Leucócitos/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Avaliação de Sintomas/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Ann Surg ; 272(5): 731-737, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889866

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish clinically relevant outcome benchmark values using criteria for pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with portomesenteric venous resection (PVR) from a low-risk cohort managed in high-volume centers. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: PD with PVR is regarded as the standard of care in patients with cancer involvement of the portomesenteric venous axis. There are, however, no benchmark outcome indicators for this population which hampers comparisons of patients undergoing PD with and without PVR resection. METHODS: This multicenter study analyzed patients undergoing PD with any type of PVR in 23 high-volume centers from 2009 to 2018. Nineteen outcome benchmarks were established in low-risk patients, defined as the 75th percentile of the median outcome values of the centers (NCT04053998). RESULTS: Out of 1462 patients with PD and PVR, 840 (58%) formed the benchmark cohort, with a mean age was 64 (SD11) years, 413 (49%) were females. Benchmark cutoffs, among others, were calculated as follows: Clinically relevant pancreatic fistula rate (International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery): ≤14%; in-hospital mortality rate: ≤4%; major complication rate Grade≥3 and the CCI up to 6 months postoperatively: ≤36% and ≤26, respectively; portal vein thrombosis rate: ≤14% and 5-year survival for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: ≥9%. CONCLUSION: These novel benchmark cutoffs targeting surgical performance, morbidity, mortality, and oncological parameters show relatively inferior results in patients undergoing vascular resection because of involvement of the portomesenteric venous axis. These benchmark values however can be used to conclusively assess the results of different centers or surgeons operating on this high-risk group.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Veias Mesentéricas/cirurgia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
13.
Ann Surg ; 272(5): 827-833, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To stratify major hepatectomies (MajHs) according to their outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MajHs are associated with non-negligible operative risks, but they include a wide range of procedures. Detailed depiction of the outcomes of different MajHs is the basis for a new classification of liver resections. METHODS: We retrospectively considered patients that underwent hepatectomy in 17 high-volume centers. Patients with an associated digestive/biliary resection were excluded. We analyzed open MajHs in non-cirrhotic patients. MajHs were classified according to the Brisbane nomenclature. Right hepatectomies (RHs) were reference standards. Outcomes were adjusted for potential confounders, including indication, liver function, preoperative portal vein embolization, and enrolling center. RESULTS: We analyzed a series of 2212 patients. In comparison with RH, left hepatectomy had lower mortality [0.6% vs 2.2%, odds ratio (OR) = 0.25], severe morbidity (11.7% vs 14.4%, OR = 0.62), and liver failure rates (2.1% vs 11.6%, OR = 0.16). Left hepatectomy+Sg1 and mesohepatectomy+/-Sg1 had outcomes similar to RH, except for higher bile leak rate (31.3% and 13.5% vs 6.7%, OR = 4.36 and OR = 2.29). RH + Sg1 had slightly worse outcomes than RH. Right and left trisectionectomies had higher mortality (5.0% and 7.3% vs 2.2%, OR = 2.07 and OR = 2.71) and liver failure rates than RH (19.0% and 22.0% vs 11.6%, OR = 2.03 and OR = 2.21). Left trisectionectomy had even higher severe morbidity (25.6% vs 14.4%, OR = 2.07) and bile leak rates (14.6% vs 6.7%, OR = 2.31). CONCLUSIONS: The term "major hepatectomy" includes resections having heterogeneous outcome. Different MajHs can be stratified according to their mortality, severe morbidity, liver failure, and bile leak rates.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hepatopatias/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 24(3): 505-530, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125013

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: la evaluación de la calidad de un producto constituye una herramienta importante para la toma de futuras decisiones y para aspirar a un servicio de excelencia. Objetivo: diseñar un instrumento evaluativo para indicadores de proceso en un Servicio de prótesis estomatológica en correspondencia con las carencias identificadas. Métodos: se realizó un estudio en la Facultad de Estomatología de Villa Clara, en el período comprendido entre septiembre 2017 y marzo 2018. Para evaluar los indicadores de proceso se utilizó un universo constituido por los pacientes ingresados en el período previsto; se seleccionó una muestra no probabilística de 200 pacientes. Se utilizaron instrumentos y métodos cualitativos y cuantitativos. Resultados: se diagnosticaron dificultades en el control y evaluación de los procesos asistenciales en el Servicio de prótesis. El grupo nominal aportó los elementos finales para diseñar el instrumento; se seleccionaron aquellos aspectos en los que más del 50 % de los especialistas coincidieron a favor de incluirlos. Los resultados de la aplicación y evaluación se expresaron en recuadros y tablas. La mayoría de estos resultados apuntaron hacia el cumplimiento de los indicadores de proceso en cuanto al proceso clínico de atención y la calidad técnica de los aparatos. Conclusiones: los especialistas aceptaron el producto, se obtuvieron resultados positivos en su implementación, y se demostró su utilidad.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the quality evaluation of a product is an important tool to make future decisions and to aspire to an excellent service. Objective: to design an evaluative instrument for process indicators in a Dental Prosthetic Service in correspondence with the identified deficiencies. Methods: a study was carried out in the Dentistry Faculty of Villa Clara between September 2017 and March 2018. A universe consisting of patients admitted in the planned period was used to evaluate the process indicators; a non-probability sample of 200 patients was selected. Qualitative and quantitative methods and instruments were used. Results: difficulties in the control and evaluation of the care processes were diagnosed in the Prosthetic Service. The nominal group contributed the final elements to design the instrument; those aspects in which more than 50% of the specialists agreed in favor of including them were selected. The results of the application and evaluation were expressed in boxes and tables. Most of these results pointed towards compliance with the process indicators in terms of the clinical care process and the technical quality of the devices. Conclusions: the specialists accepted the product; positive results were obtained with its implementation, as well as its usefulness was demonstrated.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Prótese Dentária
15.
Am Heart J ; 228: 91-97, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal role of radial artery grafts in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to examine angiographic and clinical outcomes following CABG among patients who received a radial artery graft. METHODS: Patients in the angiographic cohort of the PREVENT-IV trial were stratified based upon having received a radial artery graft or not during CABG. Baseline characteristics and 1-year angiographic and 5-year clinical outcomes were compared between patients. RESULTS: Of 1,923 patients in the angiographic cohort of PREVENT-IV, 117 received a radial artery graft. These patients had longer surgical procedures (median 253 vs 228 minutes, P < .001) and had a greater number of grafts placed (P < .0001). Radial artery grafts had a graft-level failure rate of 23.0%, which was similar to vein grafts (25.2%) and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts (8.3%). The hazard of the composite clinical outcome of death, myocardial infarction, or repeat revascularization was similar for both cohorts (adjusted hazard ratio 0.896, 95% CI 0.609-1.319, P = .58). Radial graft failure rates were higher when used to bypass moderately stenotic lesions (<75% stenosis, 37% failure) compared with severely stenotic lesions (≥75% stenosis, 15% failure). CONCLUSIONS: Radial artery grafts had early failure rates comparable to saphenous vein and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts. Use of a radial graft was not associated with a different rate of death, myocardial infarction, or postoperative revascularization. Despite the significant potential for residual confounding associated with post hoc observational analyses of clinical trial data, these findings suggest that when clinical circumstances permit, the radial artery is an acceptable alternative to saphenous vein and should be used to bypass severely stenotic target vessels.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular , Artéria Radial/transplante , Reoperação , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Am Heart J ; 228: 98-108, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871329

RESUMO

About half of patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) present with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD). Recent evidence supports complete revascularization in these patients. However, optimal timing of non-culprit lesion revascularization in STEMI patients is unknown because dedicated randomized trials on this topic are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: The MULTISTARS AMI trial is a prospective, international, multicenter, randomized, two-arm, open-label study planning to enroll at least 840 patients. It is designed to investigate whether immediate complete revascularization is non-inferior to staged (within 19-45 days) complete revascularization in patients in stable hemodynamic conditions presenting with STEMI and MVD and undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). After successful primary PCI of the culprit artery, patients are randomized in a 1:1 ratio to immediate or staged complete revascularization. The primary endpoint is a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, ischemia-driven revascularization, hospitalization for heart failure, and stroke at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: The MULTISTARS AMI trial tests the hypothesis that immediate complete revascularization is non-inferior to staged complete revascularization in stable patients with STEMI and MVD.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Tempo para o Tratamento/normas , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 21(10): 765-771, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890069

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical course of COVID-19 in patients who had recently undergone a cardiac procedure and were inpatients in a cardiac rehabilitation department. METHODS: All patients hospitalized from 1 February to 15 March 2020 were included in the study (n = 35; 16 men; mean age 78 years). The overall population was divided into two groups: group 1 included 10 patients who presented with a clinical picture of COVID-19 infection and were isolated, and group 2 included 25 patients who were COVID-19-negative. In group 1, nine patients were on chronic oral anticoagulant therapy and one patient was on acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel. A chest computed tomography scan revealed interstitial pneumonia in all 10 patients. RESULTS: During hospitalization, COVID-19 patients received azithromycin and hydroxychloroquine in addition to their ongoing therapy. Only the patient on ASA with clopidogrel therapy was transferred to the ICU for mechanical ventilation because of worsening respiratory failure, and subsequently died from cardiorespiratory arrest. All other patients on chronic anticoagulant therapy recovered and were discharged. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that COVID-19 patients on chronic anticoagulant therapy may have a more favorable and less complicated clinical course. Further prospective studies are warranted to confirm this preliminary observation.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Hidroxicloroquina/administração & dosagem , Pandemias , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/virologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
18.
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 5(11): 1008-1016, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite concerns that patients with liver transplants might be at increased risk of adverse outcomes from COVID-19 because of coexisting comorbidities and use of immunosuppressants, the effect of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection on this patient group remains unclear. We aimed to assess the clinical outcomes in these patients. METHODS: In this multicentre cohort study, we collected data on patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, who were older than 18 years, who had previously received a liver transplant, and for whom data had been submitted by clinicians to one of two international registries (COVID-Hep and SECURE-Cirrhosis) at the end of the patient's disease course. Patients without a known hospitalisation status or mortality outcome were excluded. For comparison, data from a contemporaneous cohort of consecutive patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection who had not received a liver transplant were collected from the electronic patient records of the Oxford University Hospitals National Health Service Foundation Trust. We compared the cohorts with regard to several outcomes (including death, hospitalisation, intensive care unit [ICU] admission, requirement for intensive care, and need for invasive ventilation). A propensity score-matched analysis was done to test for an association between liver transplant and death. FINDINGS: Between March 25 and June 26, 2020, data were collected for 151 adult liver transplant recipients from 18 countries (median age 60 years [IQR 47-66], 102 [68%] men, 49 [32%] women) and 627 patients who had not undergone liver transplantation (median age 73 years [44-84], 329 [52%] men, 298 [48%] women). The groups did not differ with regard to the proportion of patients hospitalised (124 [82%] patients in the liver transplant cohort vs 474 [76%] in the comparison cohort, p=0·106), or who required intensive care (47 [31%] vs 185 [30%], p=0·837). However, ICU admission (43 [28%] vs 52 [8%], p<0·0001) and invasive ventilation (30 [20%] vs 32 [5%], p<0·0001) were more frequent in the liver transplant cohort. 28 (19%) patients in the liver transplant cohort died, compared with 167 (27%) in the comparison cohort (p=0·046). In the propensity score-matched analysis (adjusting for age, sex, creatinine concentration, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and ethnicity), liver transplantation did not significantly increase the risk of death in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection (absolute risk difference 1·4% [95% CI -7·7 to 10·4]). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age (odds ratio 1·06 [95% CI 1·01 to 1·11] per 1 year increase), serum creatinine concentration (1·57 [1·05 to 2·36] per 1 mg/dL increase), and non-liver cancer (18·30 [1·96 to 170·75]) were associated with death among liver transplant recipients. INTERPRETATION: Liver transplantation was not independently associated with death, whereas increased age and presence of comorbidities were. Factors other than transplantation should be preferentially considered in relation to physical distancing and provision of medical care for patients with liver transplants during the COVID-19 pandemic. FUNDING: European Association for the Study of the Liver, US National Institutes of Health, UK National Institute for Health Research.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Fígado , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Creatinina/análise , Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Transplante de Fígado/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 26(11): 1779-1785, 2020 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879978
20.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 21(11): 874-881, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941325

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to report the prevalence, clinical features and outcomes of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) hospitalized during the Corona-Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak compared with those admitted in a previous equivalent period. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-five patients admitted for STEMI at a high-volume Italian centre were included. Patients hospitalized during the COVID-19 outbreak (21 February-10 April 2020) (40%) were compared with those admitted in pre-COVID-19 period (3 January-20 February 2020) (60%). A 43% reduction in STEMI admissions was observed during the COVID-19 outbreak compared with the previous period. Time from symptom onset to first medical contact (FMC) and time from FMC to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) were longer in patients admitted during the COVID-19 period compared with before [148 (79-781) versus 130 (30-185) min; P = 0.018, and 75 (59-148)] versus 45 (30-70) min; P < 0.001]. High-sensitive troponin T levels on admission were also higher. In-hospital mortality was 12% in the COVID-19 phase versus 6% in the pre-COVID-19 period. Incidence of the composite end-point, including free-wall rupture, severe left ventricular dysfunction, left ventricular aneurysm, severe mitral regurgitation and pericardial effusion, was higher during the COVID-19 than the pre-COVID-19 period (19.6 versus 41.2%; P = 0.030; odds ratio = 2.87; 95% confidence interval 1.09-7.58). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the STEMI care system reducing hospital admissions and prolonging revascularization time. This translated into a worse patient prognosis due to more STEMI complications.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Aneurisma Cardíaco , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Derrame Pericárdico , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Aneurisma Cardíaco/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Cardíaco/etiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Derrame Pericárdico/epidemiologia , Derrame Pericárdico/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
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