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1.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 11(2): 81-92, jul.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-183602

RESUMO

Traffic safety is an important social problem. Many accidents are due to non-compliance with traffic regulations. Serious or repeated offenses are sanctioned with penalty points or court conviction, and sanctions can lead to disqualification from driving. This paper explores the relevance of alcohol consumption and personality factors as predictors of driving disqualification. The aim of the study is to determine whether the behaviors of persistent offenders and their propensity for law-breaking are related to their characteristics and patterns of drinking. A sample of 358 drivers participated in the study: 126 non-offender habitual drivers and 232 persistent traffic offenders disqualified from driving for serious or repeated traffic offenses, 127 of them after conviction, 105 without conviction (by accumulation of penalties). Participants were given a battery of tests measuring a set of explanatory personality and alcohol consumption factors. We used a cross-sectional study design and performed statistical analysis of variance and regression searching for differences among the groups. The results reveal group effects, with significant differences in a number of factors between traffic offenders and non-offenders, and between both categories of offenders in a number of variables, including traffic violations that lead to demerit points and/or loss of a driver's license and crash involvement. Certain variables, including problem drinking, high levels of activity or excitement, penchant for thrill or sensation seeking, and propensity to hostility while driving, can accurately predict group membership. Alcohol disorders are the best predictors of disqualification from driving for serious or repeat traffic offenses, both penalized and convicted


La seguridad vial es un importante problema social. Muchos accidentes se deben al incumplimiento de las normas de tráfico. Las infracciones graves o reiteradas se sancionan por la vía administrativa o judicial y en ambos casos las sanciones pueden suponer la pérdida del permiso de conducir. Este artículo explora la relevancia del alcohol y la personalidad como factores predictivos. El objetivo del estudio es determinar si el comportamiento delictivo de los infractores persistentes está relacionado con sus características de personalidad y patrones de consumo de alcohol. Se utilizó una muestra de 358 conductores: 232 infractores persistentes, a los que les había sido retirado el carnet de conducir (127 por sentencia judicial y 105 por pérdida total de puntos), y 126 conductores habituales no infractores. Se administró una batería de pruebas que miden un conjunto de factores explicativos de personalidad y consumo de alcohol. Se utilizó un diseño transversal y se realizaron análisis estadísticos de varianza y regresión buscando diferencias entre los grupos. Los resultados revelan diferencias significativas en el tipo de infracciones y accidentes entre infractores de tráfico y no infractores y entre ambas categorías de infractores. Además, ciertas variables, como el abuso de alcohol, altos niveles de actividad, activación emocional, búsqueda de sensaciones y la tendencia a la hostilidad durante la conducción, pueden predecir con precisión la pertenencia a uno u otro grupo. Los problemas con la bebida son el mejor predictor de la pérdida del permiso de conducir, tanto por condena como por acumulación de sanciones


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Perigoso , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Direção Distraída/psicologia , Direção Agressiva/psicologia , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Assunção de Riscos , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas
2.
Acta otorrinolaringol. esp ; 70(6): 348-357, nov.-dic. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184880

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivo: El objetivo del estudio ha sido describir los resultados del tratamiento de sinusitis fúngica invasiva con cirugía endoscópica nasal en una población oncológica pediátrica con inmunosupresión e informar sobre la seguridad, la eficacia y las complicaciones del procedimiento. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de la totalidad de los pacientes con diagnóstico de sinusitis fúngica invasiva operados en la Unidad Nacional de Oncología Pediátrica entre los años 2012 y 2016. Los datos tomados de su historial médico incluyeron: características epidemiológicas, diagnóstico oncológico, datos hematológicos, síntomas, estudios tomográficos, intervenciones quirúrgicas, resultados de enfermedad y cultivos, medicamentos recibidos, complicaciones, evolución y supervivencia. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando estadística descriptiva, las variables continuas con medidas de tendencia central y las variables categóricas de forma porcentual. Resultados: Se identificó a 18 pacientes, 7 de sexo masculino y 11 de sexo femenino. El promedio de edad fue de 12 años, 13 tuvieron diagnóstico de leucemia linfoide aguda y 5 de leucemia mieloide aguda; 17 pacientes presentaron neutropenia severa en el momento del diagnóstico. El agente etiológico más frecuentemente identificado fue Aspergillus en 13 pacientes. En 16 pacientes (89%) se controló la enfermedad con cirugía endoscópica nasal. Diez pacientes fallecieron por causas no relacionadas a lo largo del estudio. Discusión y conclusiones: La sinusitis fúngica invasiva es una enfermedad cuya incidencia va en aumento entre pacientes con inmunosupresión y debe de considerarse una urgencia médica debido a su alta mortalidad. El diagnóstico se basa en un alto índice de sospecha en pacientes con factores predisponentes (leucemia, neutropenia, fiebre persistente, sonda nasogástrica) y la evaluación endoscópica nasal. El tratamiento médico antifúngico y cirugía endoscópica nasal agresiva está indicado independientemente del estado del paciente para disminuir la carga fúngica y la alta mortalidad asociada. El tratamiento debe de ser suministrado por un equipo multidisciplinario que incluye pediatría, hemato-oncología, infectología y otorrinolaringología


Background and objective: to describe the results of the treatment of invasive fungal sinusitis with nasal endoscopic surgery in an immunocompromised paediatric oncological population. Methods: retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with invasive fungal sinusitis operated in the National Paediatric Oncology Unit between 2012 and 2016. Data taken from their medical history included: epidemiological characteristics, oncological diagnosis, haematological data, symptoms, tomographic studies, surgical interventions, results of pathology and cultures, medications received, complications, evolution and survival. Results: 18 patients were identified, 7 male and 11 female. The average age was 12 years, 13 had a diagnosis of acute lymphocytic leukemia and 5 of acute myeloid leukemia. Seventeen patients presented severe neutropenia at the time of diagnosis. The most frequently identified aetiological agent was Aspergillus in 13 patients. In 16 patients (89%) the disease was controlled with nasal endoscopic surgery. Ten patients died due to unrelated causes throughout the study. Discussion and conclusions: Invasive fungal sinusitis should be considered a medical emergency due to its high mortality. The diagnosis is based on a high index of suspicion in patients with predisposing factors (leukaemia, neutropenia, persistent fever, nasogastric tube) and endoscopic nasal evaluation. Antifungal medical treatment and aggressive nasal endoscopic surgery is indicated regardless of the patient's condition to reduce the fungal burden and associated high mortality. The treatment must be provided by a multidisciplinary team that includes paediatrics, haemato-oncology, infectology and otorhinolaryngology


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Sinusite/diagnóstico , Sinusite/cirurgia , Imunossupressão , Endoscopia/métodos , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neutropenia/complicações , Aspergillus/isolamento & purificação , Micoses/complicações , Febre/etiologia , Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
3.
Actas urol. esp ; 43(10): 521-525, dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185257

RESUMO

Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el rol de la aplicación de fluoroscopia en pacientes intervenidos mediante cirugía retrógrada intrarrenal y su efecto sobre los resultados quirúrgicos. Material y métodos: Los pacientes que ingresaron en nuestro centro con diagnóstico de cálculos renales se dividieron en 2 grupos. En el grupo 1 se utilizó fluoroscopia de rutina en todos los casos (n: 58). En el grupo 2 se ejecutó el mismo procedimiento sin fluoroscopia (n: 67). Posteriormente se compararon los resultados de los 2 grupos. Resultados: No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los 2 grupos en términos de tiempo quirúrgico, tasa libre de cálculos, complicaciones, necesidad de analgésicos, requerimiento de nuevo tratamiento y escala visual analógica. Conclusión: El uso de fluoroscopia no altera la frecuencia de complicaciones ni la tasa libre de cálculos. Creemos que el uso de fluoroscopia no es indispensable en los casos en los que se consigue acceso a la pelvis renal (especialmente en procedimientos de ureteroscopia semirrígida) y que su uso debe ser limitado para evitar un aumento innecesario de exposición a la radiación


Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the use of fluoroscopy in patients undergoing retrograde intrarenal surgery and the effect on surgical outcomes. Material and methods: The patients who were admitted to our center with the diagnosis of kidney stones were divided into 2 groups. In group 1, routine fluoroscopy was used in all cases (n: 58). In group 2, the same procedure was performed without fluoroscopy (n: 67) and the results of the 2 groups were compared. Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of operation time, stone-free rate, complication rate, need for analgesic and re-treatment requirement and Visual Analogic Scale score. Conclusion: The use of fluoroscopy does not alter the complication frequency and stone-free rate. We think that the use of fluoroscopy is not mandatory in cases in which renal pelvis access is achieved especially with semirigid ureteroscopy and that unnecessary fluoroscopy increases radiation exposure


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fluoroscopia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Nefrostomia Percutânea/métodos , Escala Visual Analógica , Ureteroscopia , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos
4.
Metas enferm ; 22(7): 24-32, sept. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184098

RESUMO

Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad de una intervención de promoción de la salud para personas de edad avanzada, con el objetivo de promover la adopción de hábitos saludables y de mejorar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS), la salud mental y el apoyo social. Método: se llevó a cabo un estudio de evaluación con diseño pre/post, no-experimental. Se trataba de captar a mayores de 65 años, residentes en la comunidad, de dos barrios de nivel socioeconómico desfavorecido de la ciudad de Barcelona. La intervención consistió en un taller estructurado en ocho sesiones cuyo objetivo era la adopción de hábitos saludables. Se obtuvo información sobre la actividad física, CVRS, hábitos dietéticos, salud mental y apoyo social a partir de cuestionarios validados (IPAQ, SF-36, PREDIMED, GHQ-12, MOS y NSHAP, respectivamente). Se analizaron diferencias antes y después de la intervención mediante los test de McNemar, t de Student y de Wilcoxon para datos apareados según correspondiese. Resultados: la muestra se compuso de 22 adultos. Tras la intervención, la mediana de actividad física se incrementó en 842,5 MET/semana. La CVRS también mejoró: las puntuaciones para dimensión mental se incrementaron en un 30% y las de la dimensión física un 22%. No se observaron cambios en la dieta o en la salud mental. Conclusiones: las intervenciones de promoción de la salud, orientadas a personas mayores pueden jugar un papel clave en la mejora de la calidad de vida y el bienestar


Objective: to assess the efficacy of a health promotion intervention for persons of advanced age, with the objective of promoting the adoption of healthy habits and improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL), mental health, and social support. Methods: an evaluation study was conducted with pre/post, non-experimental design. The objective was to recruit >65-year-old persons living in the community, from two areas in the city of Barcelona with underprivileged socioeconomic levels. The intervention consisted in a workshop structured into eight sessions, with the objective of adopting healthy habits. Information was collected about physical activity, HRQoL, diet habits, mental health, and social support, through validated questionnaires (IPAQ, SF-36, PREDIMED, GHQ-12, MOS and NSHAP, respectively). Any differences before and after the intervention were analyzed through the McNemar, Student's t and Wilcoxon tests for paired data, as relevant. Results: the sample included 22 adults. After the intervention, there was an increase in the median physical activity of 842.5 MET/week. There was also an improvement in HRQoL: the scores for the mental dimension increased by 30% and the physical dimension by 22%. No changes were observed in diet or mental health. Conclusions: health promotion interventions, oriented to elderly persons, can play a key role in the improvement of QoL and wellbeing


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Qualidade de Vida , Populações Vulneráveis , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde do Idoso
5.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 53(3): 211-213, jul.-sept. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185558

RESUMO

La malformación de Dandy Walker se define por hipoplasia del vermis cerebeloso y dilatación quística del cuarto ventrículo. Algunas de las manifestaciones clínicas son hidrocefalia, retraso en el desarrollo motor, hipotonía y ataxia. El objetivo del tratamiento es mejorar el funcionamiento general del individuo y proporcionar una mejor calidad de vida a través de un equipo multidisciplinario. En el presente caso clínico se describe la evolución de un paciente diagnosticado con malformación de Dandy Walker tras la intervención del modelo médico del Centro de Rehabilitación e Inclusión Infantil Teletón Guanajuato (CRIT) el cual se centra en la rehabilitación del paciente y la familia, cubriendo cada una de las áreas que engloban al paciente


Dandy-Walker malformation is characterised by hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis and cystic dilation of the fourth ventricle. Some of the clinical manifestations of this malformation are hydrocephalus, delayed motor development, hypotonia, and ataxia. Treatment aims to improve the individual's overall functioning and enhance quality of life through a multidisciplinary team. This case report describes the outcome of a patient diagnosed with Dandy-Walker malformation, after the intervention of the medical model at Centro de Rehabilitación e Inclusión Infantil Teletón Guanajuato (CRIT), which focuses on rehabilitating the patient and the family, covering each of the areas encompassing the patient


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Síndrome de Dandy-Walker/reabilitação , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Resultado do Tratamento , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Qualidade de Vida
6.
Rev. logop. foniatr. audiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 39(3): 129-140, jul.-sept. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-3787

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivo: una escuela inclusiva brinda apoyos a niños con necesidades educativas especiales en el contexto de la educación regular. Una necesidad educativa especial que se observa frecuentemente en la población escolar corresponde al trastorno específico del lenguaje (TEL), el cual conlleva alteraciones en las habilidades lingüísticas y metalingüísticas que podrían impactar en el desempeño académico de los estudiantes que lo padecen. La información con que se cuenta sobre los procedimientos y estrategias que permiten andamiar el desarrollo lingüístico de los niños con TEL que asisten a escuelas inclusivas chilenas es escasa. El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar el efecto de la aplicación de un programa de estimulación del lenguaje oral realizado en el aula común de kínder por medio de un modelo colaborativo-inclusivo de intervención. Materiales y métodos: participaron 28 sujetos con TEL distribuidos en 4 aulas de kínder en un estudio de pre-post test de un solo grupo. El programa fue ejecutado de manera colaborativa entre fonoaudiólogos y docentes e incluyó 30 sesiones, en las que se trabajó léxico pasivo, conciencia fonológica, comprensión y producción de narraciones. Se evaluaron las habilidades estimuladas antes y después de aplicar el programa por medio de instrumentos con normas para la población chilena. Resultados:una vez finalizado el programa se observó un incremento significativo del desempeño de los estudiantes en léxico pasivo, conciencia fonológica, comprensión y producción de narraciones. Conclusiones:la aplicación de un programa de estimulación del lenguaje oral en el contexto del aula común resulta beneficioso para incrementar el desempeño lingüístico y metalingüístico de estudiantes con TEL


Background and objective: an inclusive school offer support to children with special educational needs in a context of regular education. A special education need can be frequently found in the school population is the Specific Language Impairment (SLI), this implies alterations at level to linguistic and metalinguistic skills that could impact the academic performance of the students who suffer from it. The available information about the procedures and strategies that allow to scaffold the linguistic development of children with SLI that registered on inclusive Chilean schools is scarce. The objective of the present investigation is to analyze the effect of an oral language stimulation program, applied in the Preschool common classroom throughout an inclusive-collaborative intervention model. Materials and methods: a pre-post test study of a single group of 28 SLI subjects has been carried out, this sample was distributed in 4 preschool classrooms. The program was executed collaboratively between speech therapists and educators and included 30 sessions, in which lexicon, phonological awareness, comprehension and narrative production were worked on. The stimulated skills were evaluated before and after applying the program through instruments with norms for the Chilean population. Results: once the program was completed, there was a significant increase in students' performance in the comprehension and expression of narratives, passive lexicon and phonological awareness. Conclusions: the collaborative work in the context of the common classroom is beneficial to increase the linguistic and metalinguistic performance of students with SLI


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Terapia da Linguagem , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/terapia , Inclusão Educacional/tendências , Políticas Públicas Antidiscriminatórias , Transtornos da Linguagem/classificação , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas
7.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 19(3): 171-180, sept. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184963

RESUMO

Background/Objective: The outcome of a treatment program for a large sample of male perpetrators on probation for intimate partner violence (IPV) was evaluated with particular reference to the differential impact on family only (FO) versus generally violent (GV) perpetrators. Method: Official rates of recidivism for three years post termination of treatment and probation were examined for 456 perpetrators after they were classified as FO and GV. Results: Both treatment completion and type of perpetrator were predictive of IPV recidivism and time to recidivism. However, analyses conducted separately for the two groups indicated that participation in the intervention predicted both recidivism and time to recidivism for the GV but not FO perpetrators who participated in treatment. Specifically, GV men were responsive to treatment whereas FO men were not. Results were somewhat different depending on who was included in the no treatment comparison group. Conclusions: Implications of these findings for one size fits all interventions in IPV are discussed with specific reference to the need to develop different interventions for GV and FO perpetrators


Antecedentes/Objetivo: El resultado de un programa de intervención para una muestra de agresores masculinos en libertad condicional por violencia contra su pareja intima (VPI) fue evaluado con particular referencia al impacto diferencial en agresores de familia solamente (AF) y agresores generalmente violentos (GV). Mètodo: Las tasas oficiales de reincidencia durante tres años después de la terminación del tratamiento y de la libertad condicional fueron examinadas en 456 agresores después de ser clasificados como AF y GV. Resultados: Tanto completar la intervencion como el tipo de agresor fueron predictores de la reincidencia de la VPI y del tiempo para reincidir. Sin embargo, el análisis de los dos grupos por separado mostró que la intervención predijo tanto la reincidencia como el tiempo para reincidir en los agresores GV pero no para los agresores AF que participaron en el tratamiento. Específicamente, los hombres GV fueron receptivos al tratamiento mientras que los hombres AF no lo fueron. Los resultados fueron algo diferentes dependiendo de quién fue incluido en el grupo de contraste. Conclusiones: Se discuten las implicaciones de estos resultados para intervenciones de una misma talla en VPI con especial atención a la necesidad de desarrollar diferentes intervenciones para los agresores GV y los AF


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Agressão , Reincidência , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Fatores Socioeconômicos
8.
Fisioterapia (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 41(4): 207-212, jul.-ago. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183097

RESUMO

Introducción: La reeducación postural global (RPG) implica una serie de movimientos con la participación activa del paciente y se basa en la idea integral del sistema muscular. Debido a la relación del complejo articular con diferentes estructuras se plantea un abordaje de tratamiento con este método. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de un tratamiento con el método RPG en lesiones localizadas a nivel del complejo articular del hombro. Metodología: Veinte sujetos fueron divididos en 2 grupos: grupo 1 con sujetos sanos y grupo 2 con pacientes con enfermedad de hombro. Se realizaron 2 valoraciones (pre y postratamiento) y 3 sesiones semanales de 30 min. En cada sesión se realizaron 3 posturas. Resultados: En el grupo 1 se observó una mejora significativa (p < 0,05) en los valores de flexión y rotación externa, en la prueba dedos-suelo y en el test de Schober; el resto de los resultados no mostraron indicios de significación (p > 0,05). En el grupo 2 se obtuvo un aumento de la movilidad del complejo articular del hombro y de movilidad a nivel del raquis dorsal y lumbar, así como una disminución del dolor. Conclusiones: El método RPG podría ser útil para el tratamiento de lesiones localizadas a nivel del complejo articular del hombro, siendo una terapia válida para introducirse dentro del programa de intervención terapéutico en sujetos susceptibles a tratamiento fisioterápico en lesiones de dicho complejo articular y como terapia de prevención y mantenimiento de sujetos sanos


Introduction: Global Postural Re-education (GPR) involves a series of movements with the active participation of the patient and is based on the integral concept of the muscular system. Due to the relationship of the joint complex with different structures, a treatment approach is established using this approach. Objective: To evaluate the results of a treatment of injuries located at the level of the shoulder joint complex using the RPG method. Methodology: A controlled clinical trial was conducted on 20 subjects divided into 2 groups, with Group 1 consisting of healthy subjects, and group 2 with patients who had a shoulder injury. Two evaluations (pre- and post-treatment) were performed, with 3 weekly sessions of 30minutes. Three positions were examined in each session. Results: There was a significant improvement in Group 1 (P < .05) in the values of flexion and external rotation, the finger-floor test, and Schober test. There was no evidence of significance in the other results (P > .05). An increase in shoulder joint complex mobility was obtained in Group 2, with progress in dorsal and lumbar spine, as well as a decrease in pain. Conclusions: The GPR method could be useful to treat injuries that are located at shoulder joint complex level. It seems to be a valid therapy to be introduced into the therapeutic intervention program in susceptible individuals to physical therapy treatment in joint complex injuries, as well as a prevention and maintenance therapy of healthy subjects


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões do Ombro/terapia , Projetos Piloto , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Postura/fisiologia , Artrometria Articular/métodos
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(4): 392-395, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042429

RESUMO

Abstract Objective To analyze whether a reduction in the waiting time for orthopedic surgery in elderly patients with fracture of the proximal end of the femur leads to a reduction in in-hospital mortality, 6-month mortality, and duration of hospitalization. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study including 81 patients with intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures who underwent surgical repair between 2015 and 2016 in a referral hospital, before and after a protocol for early surgical fixation (< 48 hours) was implemented. Results Themean length of hospital stay decreased from17 to 11 days. Regarding the in-hospital mortality rate, five patients died before, and another five died after the protocol was implemented. The 6-month postoperative mortality decreased from 26.7% to 19.4%. The results showed no statistical significance. Conclusion The present study demonstrated that there is a tendency to reduce the length of hospital stay and 6-month mortality when the surgery for the treatment of proximal femoral fractures in the elderly is performed within 48 hours of hospitalization.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar se a redução no tempo de espera para cirurgia ortopédica nos pacientes idosos com fratura da extremidade proximal do fêmur impacta na redução da mortalidade intra-hospitalar, da mortalidade em 6 meses de seguimento, e na redução do tempo de internação hospitalar. Métodos Trabalho de coorte retrospectiva fundamentado na análise de prontuários de 81 pacientes internados com diagnóstico de fratura transtrocanteriana ou subtrocanteriana do fêmur, e submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico em 2015 e 2016 em um hospital de referência no atendimento ao trauma, antes e após a implantação de protocolo para cirurgia em até 48 horas. Resultados Observou-se redução do tempo médio de internação de 17 para 11 dias após a implantação do protocolo. Com relação à mortalidade intra-hospitalar, cinco pacientes faleceram antes da implantação do protocolo, e cinco, após a implantação do protocolo. Referente à mortalidade extra-hospitalar, avaliada em 6 meses de pósoperatório, observou-se uma redução de 26,7% para 19,4%. Os resultados não apresentaram significância estatística. Conclusão Opresente estudodemonstrouque existe uma tendência à redução dotempo de internação hospitalar e damortalidadeem6meses quando a cirurgia para tratamento de fraturas do fêmur proximal no idoso é feita em até 48 horas de internação hospitalar.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Assistência ao Convalescente , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade
10.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(4): 165-173, jun 2019. fig
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1026686

RESUMO

Problem and aim. Deviant behavior is not only an alarming phenomenon but also a multitude of social, pedagogic and psychological problems that threaten the society and that became particularly relevant for the young adolescents with intellectual disability. Therefore, the aim of the present article is to reveal the specifics of correctional and developmental work with such children that would provide appropriate interpersonal interaction in the adolescence and the further positive socialization. Methods. The presented study was conducted in three stages (exploratory-preparatory, experimental and control-generalizing stages) with the use of the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory. Results and discussion. The results showed that the predominant from of the deviant behavior was hostility and violence, as well as a tendency for addictive behavior. Diagnostics of the dominant indices of hostility and aggressiveness demonstrated that the aggressiveness index dominated in the majority of adolescents. The majority of adolescents had a very high or high level of indirect hostility and assault, along with suspicion. The correctional program provides correctional effect for the adolescents with low and medium level of proneness to the deviant behavior


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Ensino de Recuperação/tendências , Adaptação Psicológica , Agressão/psicologia , Hostilidade , Relações Interpessoais , Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia , Deficiência Intelectual/terapia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas/métodos
11.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(5): 309-316, jun 2019. tab, fig
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1024643

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory disease of the colon for which a lot of treatment modalities are present. However, significant side effects are associated with them, and there is a need for a search for other tretment options. This study was aimed to assess the contribution of niclosamide in experimentally established colitis in rats. Animals were categorized into 5 groups; the control group undergoes no induction of UC, colitis group in which UC was induced, and animals receive no treatment, the niclosamide group that received niclosamide and sulfasalazine group that received sulfasalazine. Each group was composed of 10 animals. After the completion of a one-month period of the experiment animals were sacrificed and the following meausres were done: the weight of the colon, determination of the area of mucosal damage by mm2, histological scoring after hematoxylin and eosin stain together with MAC score and immunohistochemistry of IL-6, TNF-alpha, MPO, MDA, CD62, and ICAM1. The results of the current study revealed that Nicosamide was able to reduce the area of mucosal damage, colon weight, histological and Mac scores and immunohistochemical scores of inflammatory and oxidative markers, significantly when contrasted to a group of colitis (P< 0.05). It has been concluded that Niclosamide was proved to have a significant effect as an adjuvant mode of therapy for colitis through its, anti-inflamatory and anti-oxidant effects (AU)


Assuntos
Ratos , Sulfassalazina/uso terapêutico , Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Efeito Secundário , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Epidemiologia Experimental , Tempo para o Tratamento , Abate de Animais , Niclosamida/uso terapêutico
12.
Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.) ; 19(2): 229-238, jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183859

RESUMO

No disponible


This study analyzed the prevalence of Borderline Personality Disorder between the mentioned collective and the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and this disorder. A total of 61 participants between 13-17 years old, took part in this study. The results showed a important prevalence of borderline symptomatology as well as a negative correlation between Borderline Personality Disorder and general life satisfaction. Results of this study showed that an important prevalence of Borderline Personality Disorder on institutionalized children in the sample used. Furthermore, there would be a link between child abuses as well as child neglect and Borderline Personality Disorder, which would lead to a great emotional discomfort to the person who suffers it


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/epidemiologia , Adolescente Institucionalizado/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/classificação , Psicoterapia Racional-Emotiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação Pessoal , Trauma Psicológico/epidemiologia , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas
13.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 33(2): 169-176, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-183680

RESUMO

Objective: To analyse how team level conditions influenced health care professionals' responses to intimate partner violence. Methods: We used a multiple embedded case study. The cases were four primary health care teams located in a southern region of Spain; two of them considered "good" and two s "average". The two teams considered good had scored highest in practice issues for intimate partner violence, measured via a questionnaire (PREMIS - Physicians Readiness to Respond to Intimate Partner Violence Survey) applied to professionals working in the four primary health care teams. In each case quantitative and qualitative data were collected using a social network questionnaire, interviews and observations. Results: The two "good" cases showed dynamics and structures that promoted team working and team learning on intimate partner violence, had committed social workers and an enabling environment for their work, and had put into practice explicit strategies to implement a women-centred approach. Conclusions: Better individual responses to intimate partner violence were implemented in the teams which: 1) had social workers who were knowledgeable and motivated to engage with others; 2) sustained a structure of regular meetings during which issues of violence were discussed; 3) encouraged a friendly team climate; and 4) implemented concrete actions towards women-centred care


Objetivo: Analizar cómo las condiciones del equipo influyen en las respuestas de los/las profesionales sanitarios a la violencia de compañero íntimo. Método: Se realizó un estudio de casos múltiples. Los casos fueron cuatro equipos de atención primaria de salud ubicados en una región del sur de España. Dos de ellos se calificaron como «buenos» y otros dos como «promedio». Se calificaron como «buenos» los dos equipos con puntuaciones más altas en prácticas en cuanto a violencia de compañero íntimo, medidas a través de un cuestionario (PREMIS, cuestionario que mide la capacidad de respuesta de los/las médicos) que se aplicó a profesionales de los cuatro equipos. En cada caso se recolectaron datos cuantitativos y cualitativos mediante un cuestionario de redes sociales, entrevistas y observaciones. Resultados: Los dos casos «buenos» presentaban dinámicas y estructuras que promovían el aprendizaje y el trabajo en equipo en el tema de violencia de compañero íntimo, contaban con trabajadoras sociales comprometidas con el tema y un ambiente que les permitía desarrollar su trabajo, y habían puesto en práctica de manera explícita estrategias para ofrecer una atención centrada en las mujeres. Conclusiones: Los equipos que respondieron mejor a la violencia de pareja fueron aquellos que: 1) tienen trabajadoras sociales bien informadas y motivadas para involucrar a otros/as; 2) mantienen una estructura de reuniones regulares en las que se aborda el tema de la violencia; 3) promueven un buen ambiente de trabajo; y 4) desarrollan acciones concretas para ofrecer una atención centrada en las mujeres


Assuntos
Humanos , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência contra a Mulher , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição à Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas
14.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 33(2): 197-202, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183684

RESUMO

Objetivo: Describir los resultados sobre el estado nutricional de niños/as de 8 a 14 años con sobrepeso u obesidad y poco activos/as, antes y después de una intervención nutricional con promoción de la actividad física (Programa ACTIVA'T). Método: Estudio antes-después en población infantil (8-14 años) de Vilafranca del Penedès (Barcelona) con sobrepeso u obesidad y poco activos, aleatorizados en grupo control (n = 51, 47,1% niñas, intervención nutricional y actividad física ≤3h/sem) y en grupo ACTIVA'T (n = 45, 37,8% niñas, intervención nutricional y actividad física ≥5h/sem). Se determinaron el índice de masa corporal, el índice cintura/altura y la calidad de la dieta mediante el test KIDMED al inicio y al final del estudio. Durante la intervención, cada participante estuvo acompañado/a por un familiar (padre o madre) que realizó las mismas actividades que los/las niños/as. Resultados: Las recomendaciones dietéticas han cambiado positivamente los hábitos del grupo ACTIVA'T y del grupo control. La reversión en la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad ha sido del 93,8% y el 58,6%, respectivamente, en el grupo ACTIVA'T, frente al 25,0% y el 35,8% en el grupo control. La obesidad abdominal se redujo del 42,2% al 17,8% en el grupo ACTIVA'T y del 47,1% al 27,5% en el grupo control. Conclusiones: El programa de educación nutricional y promoción de la actividad física ACTIVA'T mejora la calidad de la dieta y revierte la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en la población infantil poco activa


Objective: To assess a 6-month nutritional and physical activity intervention program on the nutritional status of overweight or obese and not very active 8-14 years old children by means of a controlled pre-post design (ACTIVA'T program). Method: Pre-post study in 8-14 years old overweight or obese and low active children from Vilafranca del Penedès (Barcelona, Spain) randomized in control group (n = 51, 47.1% girls, nutritional intervention and ≤3h/wk physical activity) and ACTIVA'T group (n = 45, 37.8% girls, nutritional and physical activity ≥5h/wk intervention). Body mass index, waist/height index, and diet quality by means of KIDMED test at the beginning and at the end of the program were assessed. During the intervention, each participant was accompanied by a relative (father or mother) who performed the same activities as the children. Results: Dietary recommendations have positively changed the habits of both ACTIVA'T and control group. The reversion in the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 93.8% and 58.6%, respectively, in the ACTIVA'T group, compared to 25.0% and 35.8% in the control group. Abdominal obesity was decreased from 42.2% to 17.8% in the ACTIVA'T group and from 47.1% to 27.5% in the control group. Conclusions: The program ACTIVA'T (nutritional education and physical activity promotion) improves the quality of diet and reverses the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the underactive child population


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Sobrepeso/terapia , Obesidade/terapia , Perda de Peso/fisiologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Dieta Mediterrânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois/estatística & dados numéricos , Antropometria/métodos , Pesos e Medidas Corporais/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sedentário
16.
Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.) ; 19(1): 5-14, mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-183818

RESUMO

Previous research has analyzed the effectiveness of a single session intervention of Behavioral Activation (BA) for reducing depressive symptoms, however, it is important to replicate findings in different populations. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a single session intervention protocol of BA in college students with depressive symptomatology. The study was experimental pretest posttest with reference group in waiting list (N= 60). Students who scored more than 36 points in the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were selected and were randomly distributed to the reference group or experimental group. The results showed a remarkable decrease of depressive symptomatology in experimental group students compared to control group and it was found that the effect size of the treatment was 0.74, which contributes to the empirical evidence about BA especially regarding college population


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Depressão/terapia , Psicoterapia Breve/métodos , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Psicometria/instrumentação
17.
Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.) ; 19(1): 15-28, mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-183819

RESUMO

Assessment of therapeutic competence is required to be multi-informant and should therefore include the perspectives of therapists, clients and observers. There are several instruments assessing therapeutic competence from one of the requested perspectives. But heretofore there is no valid and reliable set of measurements that allows the assessment of therapeutic competence from the different perspectives based on the same theoretical basis, what is central for making comparisons possible. We developed a set of measurements assessing therapeutic competences from different perspectives: therapists' global (GloRa-T) and session self-rating (SeRa-T), clients' session rating (SeRa-C) and observer rating (CoRa-O). The psychometric properties of the measurements were investigated. The analysis suggested satisfactory psychometric properties of the presented measurements, some limitations are discussed. All measurements are promising instruments for multi-informant assessment of therapeutic competence. They assess the same components of therapeutic competence, so comparisons among the perspectives are possible


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas/métodos , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/classificação , Psicometria/métodos , Técnicas de Observação do Comportamento/classificação , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(5): 190-198, 1 mar., 2019. graf, tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-180388

RESUMO

Introducción. Existe una creciente necesidad de estudios científicos e instrumentos que permitan evaluar los efectos en el plano afectivo de algunas terapias no farmacológicas para personas con demencia, como la danza creativa terapéutica. Objetivos. Determinar la validez y fiabilidad del Profile of Mood States (POMS) en personas con demencia y analizar las posibles diferencias en las puntuaciones de los participantes antes y después de sesiones de danza creativa terapéutica. Pacientes y métodos. El POMS se administró a 36 personas con demencia antes y después de cuatro sesiones grupales de danza creativa terapéutica. Para comprobar la validez de constructo se administraron dos cuestionarios autoinformados (PANAS y STAXI-2). Resultados. El POMS presentó una buena consistencia interna para cada factor y excelente para la escala total. La estabilidad temporal fue media-alta. Los resultados de validez convergente apoyan la validez de constructo. Después de las sesiones de danza creativa terapéutica, los factores tensión, depresión y confusión del POMS se redujeron, mientras que el factor vigor aumentó significativamente. No hubo ningún efecto sobre la fatiga y la cólera. Conclusiones. Se ha demostrado la validez y fiabilidad del POMS en una población con demencia. La danza creativa terapéutica puede ofrecer beneficios emocionales para personas con demencia


Introduction. There is a growing need for scientific studies and tools that allow the evaluation of the effects at an affective level of some non-pharmacological therapies for people with dementia such as the creative therapeutic dance. Aims. To explore the validity and reliability of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) in people with dementia and to analyse the possible differences in the scores of the participants before and after sessions of creative therapeutic dance. Patients and methods. POMS was administered to 36 people with dementia before and after four group sessions of creative therapeutic dance. To verify the construct validity, PANAS and STAXI-2 were also administered. Results. The POMS presented a good internal consistency for each factor and an excellent one for the total scale. The temporal stability was medium-high. Convergent validity results support construct validity. After the creative therapeutic dance sessions, POMS factors tension, depression and confusion were reduced, while vigour increased significantly. There was noeffect on fatigue and anger.Conclusions. The validity and reliability of POMS have been demonstrated in a population with dementia. Creative therapeutic dance can offer emotional benefits for people with dementia


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia através da Dança/estatística & dados numéricos , Demência/terapia , Transtornos Psicóticos Afetivos/terapia , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapias Complementares/métodos
19.
Rev. logop. foniatr. audiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 39(1): 11-19, ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176635

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivo: Una de las dificultades más comunes en la dislexia es la falta de fluidez lectora. Esta dificultad consiste en leer un texto con mucho esfuerzo, empleando excesivo tiempo y sin la expresión adecuada. El tratamiento de esta dificultad ha comprendido diversas estrategias, siendo la lectura oral repetida una de las más utilizadas. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron comprobar la eficacia de un programa de fluidez lectora centrado en la lectura repetida y expresiva de textos teatrales y determinar si su efectividad depende de la realidad sociocultural y económica de los estudiantes. Método: En el estudio participaron 11 estudiantes de tercero y cuarto curso de educación primaria con dislexia, distribuidos en dos grupos según el centro educativo de procedencia (público o concertado). Para comprobar la eficacia del programa se optó por un diseño preexperimental pretest postest. Como variables dependientes de la fluidez se utilizaron la exactitud, la automatización y la prosodia, medidas a través de la lectura de textos teatrales, la prueba Fundar y una Escala de Apreciación de la Prosodia. Resultados: Los resultados mostraron que los participantes mejoraron significativamente en automatización y prosodia, pero no tanto en exactitud lectora. Además, el programa obtuvo resultados similares en ambos grupos de estudiantes. Conclusiones: Estos hallazgos coinciden con otros estudios y sugieren que la lectura de textos teatrales es una estrategia eficaz para la mejora de la fluidez lectora en el alumnado disléxico de estas edades


Background and objective: One of the most common difficulties for dyslexics is the lack of reading fluency. This difficulty involves a lot of effort in order to read a text, spending an excessive amount of time, and with a lack of expressiveness. For the treatment of this difficulty, several strategies have been considered, repeated reading being the most commonly used. The aims of this study are to determine the effectiveness of an intervention programme aimed at improving reading fluency through theatre scripts, and observe whether the results depend upon students' sociocultural and economic background. Method: The sample consisted of 11 third- and fourth-grade students with dyslexia distributed into two groups according to the educational centre of provenance (public or charter school). A pre-experimental design pre-test and post-test study approach was used to prove the effectiveness of the programme. Automation and prosody were evaluated as accuracy-dependent variables through the reading of theatrical texts, the Fundar Reading Proficiency test, and a Scale of Prosody Assessment. Results: Results indicate that children improved significantly in automation and prosody, but not that much in reading accuracy. Furthermore, the programme obtained similar results in both groups. Conclusions: These findings match other studies and suggest that the reading of theatrical texts is an effective strategy for improving reading fluency in dyslexic students of this age group


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Leitura , Dislexia/reabilitação , Logro , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Rev. andal. med. deporte ; 12(1): 62-66, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-184499

RESUMO

Objetivo: Propor um protocolo de estudo para perda de peso saudável baseado em dieta com restrição de carboidratos e exercício intermitente de alta intensidade. Método: O protocolo foi gerado para um estudo clínico randomizado e controlado, visando a perda de peso baseada na adoção de dieta com ou sem restrição de carboidratos, e exercício contínuo (caminhada e corrida) ou intermitente de alta intensidade (circuito com exercícios funcionais). Participarão do estudo, adultos sobrepesados e sedentários, integrantes da comunidade universitária. Os participantes serão avaliados antes e após as 12 semanas de intervenção quanto aos aspectos nutricionais (avaliação antropométrica e da ingestão alimentar), físicos (força, agilidade, velocidade e resistência cardiorrespiratória), bioquímicos (hemograma, hormonal e lipidograma), estados de humor, além de sua percepção qualitativa da intervenção, identificando as barreiras e facilitadores do processo de perda ponderal. Discussão: Tendo em vista a importância da alimentação e do exercício físico para saúde, a presente proposta poderá auxiliar no melhor entendimento sobre os efeitos da restrição em níveis recomendados dos carboidratos da dieta e do exercício físico contínuo ou intermitente sobre o emagrecimento e performance funcional em indivíduos com excesso de peso. Os métodos descritos são facilmente aplicáveis e de baixo custo, podendo ser útil como ferramenta para o tratamento da obesidade em âmbito ambulatorial. Número de registro: RBR-5n9g5f (Ensaios Clínicos Governo do Brasil, data de registro: 17 de maio de 2017)


Objetivo: Proponer un protocolo de estudio para pérdida de peso saludable basado en la restricción de carbohidratos y ejercicio interválico de alta intensidad. Método: El protocolo se ha generado para un estudio clínico aleatorizado, controlado, dirigido a la pérdida de peso basado en una dieta con o sin la restricción de carbohidratos, y ejercicio continuo (caminar y correr) o interválico (ejercicios funcionales de circuito) de alta intensidad. La muestra será formada por adultos sedentarios con sobrepeso. Los participantes serán evaluados antes y después de 12 semanas de intervención en relación con aspectos nutricionales (antropometría y evaluación de la ingesta de alimentos), físicos (fuerza, agilidad, velocidad y resistencia cardiorrespiratoria), bioquímicos (hemograma, hormonas y perfil lipídico), estado de ánimo, así como su percepción cualitativa de la intervención, la identificación de las barreras y facilitadores del proceso de pérdida de peso. Discusión: En vista de la importancia de la nutrición y la actividad física para la salud, esta propuesta puede contribuir a una mejor comprensión de los efectos de la restricción de carbohidratos de la dieta y el ejercicio continuo o interválico sobre la pérdida de peso y capacidad funcional de personas con sobrepeso. Los métodos descritos son fácilmente aplicables y económicos, y pueden ser útiles como una herramienta para el tratamiento de la obesidad en un paciente ambulatorio. Número de registro: RBR-5n9g5f (Ensaios Clínicos Governo do Brasil, fecha de registro: 17 de marzo de 2017)


Objective: This study aims to propose a study protocol for healthy weight loss based on diet with carbohydrate restriction and High Intensity Intermittent Exercise. Method: The protocol was generated for a randomized controlled clinical trial; which aims to provide weight loss based on diet with or without carbohydrate restriction and continuous exercise (walking or running) or High Intensity Intermittent Exercise (circuit with functional exercise). The sample will be composed by sedentary overweight adults from the university community. The volunteers will be evaluated before and after 12 weeks of intervention in relation to the nutritional (anthropometric and dietary intake), physical (strength, agility, speed and cardiorespiratory resistance), biochemical (complete blood count, hormone test and lipid profile test) and mood aspects, besides their qualitative perception of the intervention, identifying the barriers and facilitators of the weight loss process. Discussion: Considering the relevance of diet and physical exercise for health, the present proposal may help to understand the effects of moderated restriction of dietary carbohydrates and continuous or intermittent physical exercise on weight loss and functional performance in overweight individuals. The described methods are easily applicable and inexpensive, and can be useful as a tool for the treatment of obesity in an outpatient setting. Registration number: RBR-5n9g5f (Ensaios Clínicos Governo do Brasil, registration date: May 17, 2017)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Obesidade/terapia , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Dieta com Restrição de Carboidratos/métodos , Perda de Peso/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estilo de Vida Saudável/fisiologia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Resultado do Tratamento
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