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1.
J Surg Res ; 257: 412-418, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With increasing use of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), preoperative imaging assessment of axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) has become more important in operative planning and patient counseling. We aimed to assess if MRI is an accurate predictor of the ALN status after NAC. METHODS: We used our institutional proprietary prospective database to review all patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer between August 2015 and March 2017 who received NAC, underwent post-NAC MRI, and axillary surgery. Imaging findings, axillary surgery, and histopathology results were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 114 patients receiving NAC, 50 underwent post-NAC MRI before surgery. The mean age was 46 y; 36% were triple-negative, 26% were triple-positive, 26% were ER-positive and HER2/neu-negative, and 12% were ER-negative and Her2/neu-positive. Post-NAC MRI ALN status was normal in 35 patients, of which 30 underwent SLNB and five went directly to axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). 26 of these 35 were negative for metastasis on final pathology resulting in a negative-predictive value of 74.3%. In 15 patients with an abnormal post-NAC MRI ALN status, eight went directly to ALND and seven underwent SLNB. Eight of these 15 were positive for metastasis on final pathology resulting in a positive predictive value of 53.3%. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of axillary imaging findings on post-NAC MRI predicts the absence of nodal disease with higher accuracy than its presence but not with adequate accuracy as surrogate for surgical pathologic evaluation of ALNs. This information is valuable in both patient counseling and axillary surgical management after NAC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Adulto , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 47(12): 1703-1705, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342987

RESUMO

We experienced a case of right sided accessory breast cancer complicated by contralateral breast cancer. A 50-year-old woman came to us for an examination because a tumor in her left breast was pointed out at breast cancer screening. A breast MRI confirmed a tumor in her left breast and a tumor continuing from the skin to the subcutis of the right axilla. A skin biopsy for the tumor in the right axilla and a core needle biopsy(CNB)for the tumor in the left breast were performed. The pathological result of the CNB for the left breast indicated an invasive ductal carcinoma of the tubular formative scirrhous type. Although the tumor of the right axilla was poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma demonstrating cord-like arrays, it was examined by skin biopsy and therefore no deep part of the tissue was included. We conducted immunostaining, in consideration of the possibility of metastasis from the left sided breast cancer. ER, PgR, mammaglobin, GATA 3 were positive, strongly suggesting that the tumor in the right axilla was also derived from a mammary gland. We also performed a wide local excision of the right axilla plus axillary dissection(level Ⅰ)in addition to conducting a left mastectomy plus sentinel lymph node biopsy, in consideration of the possibility of primary right sided accessory breast cancer. The pathological result following surgery confirmed a difference in the histologic features between both sides, residual normal accessory mammary glands around the tumor on the right side, and the presence of rich DCIS and a lobular replacement image, leading to a definitive diagnosis of primary invasive ductal carcinoma of the accessory breast on the right side.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias , Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/complicações , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23726, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medium-long catheters are being used more and more widely in clinical practice, but we still do not know the impact of different placements, but this is an important clinical issue that cannot be ignored. OBJECTIVE: At present, the tip positioning of the mid-length catheter mainly includes the anterior part of the axilla and the midclavicular line. Different positioning may have different effects. Therefore, we did this research to confirm which positioning is more safety. METHODS: We systematically searched the Chinese and English databases: PubMed, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL, Web of Science, China Knowledge Network, China Biomedical Literature Database, VIP, Wan Fang. Literature screening, data extraction, and quality evaluation were carried out by 2 researchers, and finally, use Stata to carry out meta-analysis. RESULTS: This study is ongoing and the results will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not applicable, since this is an overview based on published articles. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY2020110042.


Assuntos
Axila/irrigação sanguínea , Cateterismo Periférico/instrumentação , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Clavícula/irrigação sanguínea , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(12): 7119-7125, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Extraordinary restrictions aimed to limit Sars-CoV-2 spreading; they imposed a total reorganization of the health-system. Oncological treatments experienced a significant slowdown. The aim of our multicentric retrospective study was to evaluate screening suspension and surgical treatment delay during COVID-19 and the impact on breast cancer presentation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent breast surgery from March 11, 2020 to May 30, 2020 were evaluated and considered as the Lockdown group. These patients were compared with similar patients of the previous year, the Pre-Lockdown group. RESULTS: A total of 432 patients were evaluated; n=223 and n=209 in the Lockdown and Pre-lockdown-groups, respectively. At univariate analysis, waiting times, lymph-nodes involvement and cancer grading, showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis identified waiting-time on list (OR=1.07) as a statistically significant predictive factor of lymph node involvement. CONCLUSION: Although we did not observe a clinically evident difference in breast cancer presentation, we reported an increase in lymph node involvement.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Pandemias , /patogenicidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Axila/patologia , Axila/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/virologia , /virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(49): e23538, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285770

RESUMO

The neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is the gold standard initial treatment of the locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). However, the reliability of methods that used to assess response the NAC is still controversial. In this study, patients with LABC who underwent NAC were evaluated retrospectively. The assessment of response to NAC and the effect of axillary approach were investigated on LABC course.The study comprised 94 patients who received NAC with an LABC diagnosis between 2008 and 2020. In our center, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, and F-flouro deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography, and, for some patients, fine-needle aspiration biopsy of suspicious axillary lymph nodes have been performed to assess the effects of NAC. Patients with positive hormone receptor status received adjuvant hormonotherapy, and those with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 gene expression were treated with trastuzumab. Adjuvant radiotherapy was applied to all patients undergoing breast conserving surgery. Radiotherapy was applied to the peripheral lymphatic areas in the clinical N1 to N3 cases regardless of the response to NAC.The clinical response to the NAC was found that partial in 59% and complete in 19% of the patients. However, 21.2% of the patients were unresponsive. The mean of lymph nodes that excised with the procedure of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) was 2.4 (range 1-7). In 22 of the 56 patients who underwent SLNB, axillary dissection (AD) was added to the procedure upon detection of metastasis in frozen section examinations. There was no difference between the SLNB and AD groups regarding overall survival (OS; P = .472) or disease-free survival (DFS) rates (P = .439). However, there were differences in the OS (P < .05) and DFS (P = .05) rates on the basis of the LABC histopathological subtypes.The study found that a relationship between molecular subtypes and LABC survival. However, the post-NAC axillary approach had no effect on OS or DFS. Therefore, multiple imaging and interventional methods are needed for the evaluation of NAC response. In addition, morbidity can be avoided after AD by the use of SLNB in cN0 patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Multimodal , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Adulto , Idoso , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Anticancer Res ; 40(12): 7083-7088, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accuracy of axillary ultrasound (AUS) with fine-needle aspiration with varying patient body mass index (BMI) is still unclear. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether the US features of axillary lymph nodes changes with BMI of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed involving 144 out of 270 patients with early breast cancer who underwent breast surgery with sentinel lymph node biopsy. Diagnostic efficacy of AUS in preoperative axillary nodal staging was assessed in relation to BMI. RESULTS: Negative predictive values of AUS for the overweight and obese groups were statistically significantly lower compared to the normal/underweight group (p=0.02 and p=0.003, respectively). Additionally, Spearman's correlation coefficient R between BMI and positive sentinel lymph node biopsy was 0.257, suggesting a significantly positive linear relationship between the two variables in the cohort overall. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate how in our cohort the negative predictive value of AUS was significantly influenced by adipose tissue and that the selection of the most suitable instrumental diagnostic technique might contribute to improving heterogeneous results.


Assuntos
Axila/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Axila/patologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Período Pré-Operatório
7.
Rozhl Chir ; 99(9): 408-412, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242970

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Perianal hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic recurrent inflammatory, suppurative, and fistulising disease of apocrine glands, adjacent anal canal and soft tissues. Perianal area is the second most common affected area after axilla. There are three grades of the disease. Hidradenitis suppurativa represents a chronic, recurrent, deep-seated folliculitis resulting in abscesses, followed by the formation of sinus tracts and subsequent scarring. Perianal hidradenitis suppurativa is the last and the most serious grade of the disease and a specific access is needed for patient preparation and surgical treatment alone. The currently preferred method of treatment for patients with extensive perianal hidradentitis is excision and closure with combination of skin flaps, primary suture and skin graft in one or two stages. CASE REPORTS: There are three case reports of perianal hidradenitis suppurativa in this article. The local and overall initial treatment of patients followed by a radical excision and closure with a rotation skin flaps and skin grafts is described. The final results were satisfactory, with no recurrence or serious complication.


Assuntos
Hidradenite Supurativa , Períneo , Axila , Hidradenite Supurativa/cirurgia , Humanos , Transplante de Pele , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
8.
Am J Surg ; 220(6): 1417-1421, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097191

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Society of Surgical Oncology introduced guidance discouraging routine axillary staging in women 70 years or older with invasive, clinically node negative, hormone-receptor positive breast cancer. Due to concerns this could result in patients missing necessary treatment, researchers from the Mayo Clinic developed a rule to distinguish between those at low/high-risk of having positive nodes. The purpose of this study was to validate the Mayo Clinic rule in women of all ages. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients seen in one breast surgeon's practice from January 1, 2006 through March 1, 2018. The Mayo Clinic rule was applied, and accuracy was evaluated. RESULTS: Utilizing the Mayo Clinic rule, 46.8% (n = 289) of women met low-risk criteria. Unexpected positive lymph nodes in low-risk women was 10.0% (n = 29), which was similar to the Mayo Clinic study finding (7.8%, P = 0.167). CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest the Mayo Clinic rule is reproducible. Nearly 50% of women with hormone receptor positive breast cancer could avoid axillary staging, but about 10% will have unexpected positive lymph nodes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Axila/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Receptores Estrogênicos , Receptores de Progesterona , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21721, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871890

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to provide an innovative nomogram to predict the risk of >2 positive nodes in patients fulfilling the Z0011 criteria with 1-2 sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) only retrieved.From 2007 to 2017, at the Breast Unit of ICS Maugeri Hospital 271 patients with 1-2 macrometastatic SLNs, fulfilling the Z0011 criteria, underwent axillary dissection and were retrospectively reviewed.A mean of 1.5 SLNs per patient were identified and retrieved. One hundred eighty-seven (69.0%) had 1-2 positive nodes, and 84 (31.0%) had >2 metastatic nodes. Independent predictors of axillary status were: positive SLNs/retrieved SLNs ratio (odds ratio [OR] 10.95, P = .001), extranodal extension (OR 5.51, P = .0002), and multifocal disease (OR 2.9, P = .003). A nomogram based on these variables was constructed (area under curve after bootstrap = 0.74).The proposed nomogram might select those patients fulfilling the Z0011 criteria, with 1-2 SLNs harvested, in whom a high axillary tumor burden is expected, aiding to guide adjuvant treatments.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Nomogramas , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Área Sob a Curva , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Carga Tumoral
11.
Vet Radiol Ultrasound ; 61(6): 659-666, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929849

RESUMO

Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping by various means has become standard of care in certain types of human cancers and is receiving more attention in veterinary oncology. Current SLN mapping techniques can be costly and often require advanced imaging equipment. The objective of this prospective, method comparison study was to compare an SLN mapping protocol of lymphoscintigraphy to lymphography using water soluble iodinated contrast medium (WIC) and digital radiography for identification of an SLN. Lymphoscintigraphy and lymphography were performed on eight healthy purpose-bred dogs using technetium-99m sulfur colloid and WIC injected into the subcutaneous tissues in a four-quadrant technique around a predefined area of skin on the brachium. Images were obtained using a gamma camera and digital radiography at different time points post-injection. Image sequences were evaluated by one of two American College of Veterinary Radiology board-certified veterinary radiologists. Data obtained were compared between methods using descriptive statistics. An SLN was identified in all dogs with lymphoscintigraphy and seven of eight dogs with lymphography. Agreement between results of the lymphoscintigraphy and lymphography studies was a complete match in three dogs, a partial match in four dogs, and no match in one dog. The SLN detected differed based on the imaging modality used.


Assuntos
Cães/anatomia & histologia , Linfonodo Sentinela/diagnóstico por imagem , Animais , Axila , Vértebras Cervicais , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Linfografia/veterinária , Linfocintigrafia/veterinária , Masculino , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica , Valores de Referência , Coloide de Enxofre Marcado com Tecnécio Tc 99m/administração & dosagem
12.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5351-5354, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The treatment of breast cancer has progressed considerably over the years, with a significant de-escalation from radical mastectomies to the current paradigm of breast conserving surgery (BCS) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). We aimed to appraise the literature regarding the feasibility of de-escalation of treatment of axillary disease in the context of NACT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We appraised studies and guidelines published regarding this topic and discussed them in this mini-review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The SNB following NACT is oncologically safe in patients with clinically node negative disease and in patients with biopsy proven axillary node involvement at presentation provided that the dual technique is used and the clipped pathological node is harvested.


Assuntos
Axila/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Axila/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Metástase Linfática , Mastectomia Radical/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
13.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238284, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966294

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Restricted shoulder mobility is a major upper extremity dysfunction associated with lower quality of life and disability after breast cancer surgery. We hypothesized that a poloxamer and sodium alginate mixture (Guardix-SG®) applied after axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) would significantly improve shoulder range of motion (ROM) in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, randomized, prospective study to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Guardix-SG® for the prevention of upper extremity dysfunction after ALND. The primary outcome measure was shoulder ROM at baseline (T0) and 3 (T1), 6 (T2), and 12 months (T3) after surgery. Secondary outcome measures were the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score(DASH), pain associated with movement, which was assessed using a numeric rating scale, and lymphedema assessed using body composition analyzer. RESULTS: A total of 83 women with breast cancer were randomly assigned to either the Guardix-SG® group or the control group. In the Guardix-SG® group (n = 37), Guardix-SG® was applied to the axillary region after ALND. In the control group (n = 46), ALND was performed without using Guardix-SG®. Comparing ROM for shoulder flexion before surgery (178.2°) and 12 months after surgery (172.3°), that was restored 12 months after surgery in the Guardix-SG® group, and there was no statistically significant difference between that at before surgery and 12 months after surgery (p = 0.182). No adverse effect was observed in either group. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study have shown that Guardix-SG® help improve shoulder ROM without causing adverse effects in patients who underwent breast cancer surgery. However, there was no statistically significant difference from the control group. A further large-scale study is needed to obtain a more conclusive conclusion. TRIAL REGISTRATION: CRISKCT0003386; https://cris.nih.go.kr (20181207).


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carboximetilcelulose Sódica/administração & dosagem , Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Poloxâmero/administração & dosagem , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ombro/patologia , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Método Duplo-Cego , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Tensoativos/administração & dosagem
15.
Am Surg ; 86(8): 955-957, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current treatment guidelines for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated with mastectomy recommend sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). In the modern era, there is a trend toward minimizing invasive staging and treatment of the axilla. In this study, we seek to determine the role of SLNB in patients undergoing mastectomy for the treatment of DCIS. METHODS: Patients undergoing mastectomy were identified from our institution's SLNB database from 2012 to 2016. Patients were included if core needle biopsy demonstrated DCIS. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and pathologic variables were abstracted. RESULTS: Of 187 patients undergoing mastectomy with SLNB from 2012 to 2016 for DCIS or invasive ductal carcinoma, 39 (21%) were diagnosed with DCIS on core biopsy. Mean age was 57 years. 70% were Caucasian, 18% were African American, 8% were Asian, and the remaining 5% were unknown. One patient (3%) had positive nodes on SLNB and underwent axillary lymph node dissection. Of those with DCIS on core biopsy, 14 (36%) were upstaged to invasive disease on final surgical pathology, including the patient with positive SLNB. Of the remaining 25 (64%) patients with DCIS on final pathology, 0 (0%) had SLNB positivity. CONCLUSION: Only 3% of patients with DCIS undergoing mastectomy were found to have SLN metastases. However, a significant number of patients (36%) were upstaged due to invasive cancer. Although limited by a small sample size, our results suggest that SLNB should still be recommended to patients undergoing mastectomy for DCIS on core needle biopsy due to the high rate of upstage rate to invasive disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/cirurgia , Mastectomia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Procedimentos Desnecessários , Adulto , Idoso , Axila , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 653-659, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867457

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the risk factors of non-sentinel lymph node (nSLN) metastasis in breast cancer patients with 1~2 positive axillary sentinel lymph node (SLN) and construct an accurate prediction model. Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed in 917 breast cancer patients who underwent surgery treatment between 2002 and 2017 and pathologically confirmed 1-2 positive SLNs. According to the date of surgery, patients were divided into training group (497 cases) and validation group (420 cases). A nomogram was built to predict nSLN metastasis and the accuracy of the model was validated. Results: Among the 917 patients, 251 (27.4%) had nSLN metastasis. Univariate analysis showed tumor grade, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), extra-capsular extension (ECE), the number of positive and negative SLN and macro-metastasis of SLN were associated with nSLN metastasis (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed the numbers of positive SLN, negative SLN and macro-metastasis of SLN were independent predictors of nSLN metastasis (all P<0.05). A nomogram was constructed based on the 6 factors. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.718 for the training group and 0.742 for the validation group. Conclusion: We have developed a nomogram that uses 6 risk factors commonly available to accurately estimate the likelihood of nSLN metastasis for individual patient, which might be helpful for radiation oncologists to make a decision on regional nodal irradiation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Nomogramas , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Axila , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 402-407, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for the development of secondary lymphedema after axillary lymphadenectomy and radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether obesity influences the morbidity of lymphedema in patients who have the condition. METHODS: Two cohorts of patients were compared: group 1, normal weight (body mass index ≤25 kg/m); and group 2, obese (body mass index ≥30 kg/m). Inclusion criteria were patients aged 21 years or older with lymphedema confirmed by lymphoscintigraphy. Covariates included age, sex, lymphedema type (primary or secondary), location, comorbidities, lymph node dissection, radiation therapy, lymphoscintigram result, and disease duration. Outcome variables were infection, hospitalization, and degree of limb overgrowth. The cohorts were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher's exact test, and multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients were included: group 1, n = 33; and group 2, n = 34. Disease duration did not differ between groups (p = 0.72). Group 2 was more likely to have an infection (59 percent), hospitalization (47 percent), and moderate or severe overgrowth (79 percent), compared to group 1 (18, 6, and 40 percent, respectively; p < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression showed that obesity was an independent risk factor for infection (OR, 7.9; 95 percent CI, 2.5 to 26.3; p < 0.001), hospitalization (OR, 30.0; 95 percent CI, 3.6 to 150.8; p < 0.001), and moderate to severe limb overgrowth (OR, 6.7; 95 percent CI, 2.1 to 23.0; p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Obesity negatively affects patients with established lymphedema. Obese individuals are more likely to have infections, hospitalizations, and larger extremities compared to subjects with a normal body mass index. Patients with lymphedema should be counseled about the negative effects of obesity on their condition. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, II.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Linfedema/epidemiologia , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Axila , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Linfedema/diagnóstico , Linfedema/etiologia , Linfedema/terapia , Linfocintigrafia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
20.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 47(8): 1225-1227, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829360

RESUMO

Clinical evidence has indicated that, after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy(NAC), sentinel node(SN)identification rates(IR) were lower and false-negative rates(FNR)were higher for patients(pts)with local advanced breast cancer(BC)than for pts with early stage BC who did not receive NAC. Our previous clinical trial indicated that the real-time indocyanin green (RT-ICG)fluorescence imaging technique could improve the diagnostic sensitivity and detection accuracy of sentinel node biopsy(SNB). Nine pts with histologically confirmed Stage ⅡA to ⅢB, T1-T3, N0-2, M0 BC were selected to receive NAC, and the standard surgeries were performed after NAC completion. The SNs were detected by using conventional procedures with the blue dye(indigo carmine)plus 99mTc radioisotope techniques combined with concurrent RT-ICG. Clinically positive nodes were diagnosed by the radiologists using axillary ultrasound, MRI, and/or CT scans. All pts provided written informed consent before surgery. The surgical SNB was guided via RT-ICG fluorescence under standard light conditions by using the HEMS imaging system as previously published. All pts underwent SNB followed by completion node dissection(CND). The IR and FNR were calculated by comparing the results of the SNB and the histopathology of the resection specimens obtained via CND. The IR and FNR for each procedure of SNB were, respectively, 35.3% and 41.7% when indigo carmine blue was used, 82.4% and 0 when ICG fluorescence was used, and 58.8% and 5% when RI was used. In contrast, the total calculation of the triple tracer showed that IR reached 100% and FNR was 0. These data suggest that IR and FNR of SNB might be improved in pts with BC treated with NAC by using the novel triple tracer technique.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Linfonodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Radioisótopos
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