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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243874, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285606

RESUMO

Abstract In recent days, cheapest alternative carbon source for fermentation purpose is desirable to minimize production cost. Xylanases have become attractive enzymes as their potential in bio-bleaching of pulp and paper industry. The objective of the present study was to identify the potential ability on the xylanase production by locally isolated Bacillus pumilus BS131 by using waste fiber sludge and wheat bran media under submerged fermentation. Culture growth conditions were optimized to obtain significant amount of xylanase. Maximum xylanase production was recorded after 72 hours of incubation at 30 °C and 7 pH with 4.0% substrate concentration. In the nutshell, the production of xylanase using inexpensive waste fiber sludge and wheat-bran as an alternative in place of expensive xylan substrate was more cost effective and environment friendly.


Resumo Nos últimos dias, a fonte alternativa de carbono mais barata para fins de fermentação é desejável para minimizar o custo de produção. As xilanases têm se tornado enzimas atraentes como seu potencial no biobranqueamento da indústria de papel e celulose. O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar a capacidade potencial na produção de xilanase por Bacillus pumilus BS131 isolado localmente usando lodo de fibra residual e farelo de trigo em meio de fermentação submersa. As condições de crescimento da cultura foram otimizadas para obter uma quantidade significativa de xilanase. A produção máxima de xilanase foi registrada após 72 horas de incubação a 30 °C e pH 7 com concentração de substrato de 4,0%. Resumindo, a produção de xilanase usando lodo de fibra residual de baixo custo e farelo de trigo como uma alternativa no lugar do substrato de xilano caro foi mais econômica e ecológica.


Assuntos
Bacillus/metabolismo , Bacillus pumilus/metabolismo , Esgotos , Temperatura , Fibras na Dieta , Endo-1,4-beta-Xilanases/metabolismo , Fermentação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 103(1): 243-254, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35857424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Significant changes occurd in Daqu bricks on the 15th day of incubation, and brick color (yellow, brown, or dark) is generally used as a standard for quality evaluation by experienced workers. This study aimed to explore the basis behind the phenomenon through multi-omics studies. The physicochemical properties of different high-temperature Daqu were compared. Furthermore, PacBio sequencing and the ultra-high-performance liquid chromatographic-Q-exactive-mass spectrometric approach were employed to analyze the differences in the microbiome and metabolome among different Daqu samples. RESULTS: Bacillus was the biomarker of yellow Daqu, Thermoactinomyces and Thermoascus were the key genera in brown Daqu, and Burkholderiales, Sphingomonas, and Ralstonia were biomarkers in dark Daqu. The physicochemical characteristics (especially the color values) of different high-temperature Daqu showed strong correlations with the bacterial alpha diversity and the relative abundance of dominant bacterial genera. Amino acid metabolism pathways including tryptophan metabolism, ß-alanine metabolism, and arginine biosynthesis were the key factors resulting in the characteristic differences where Bacillus, Burkholderia, Ralstonia, and Sphingomonas were pivotal bacterial genera. The relative abundance of Bacillus had a positive correlation with the content of 3-hydroxykynurenamine, l-glutamic acid, and pantothenic acid, while it showed a negative correlation with indoleacetic acid, l-tryptophan, N-acetylserotonin, l-histidine, l-aspartic acid, phosphatidylserine, 5-methoxyindoleacetate, and L-serine. Burkholderia, Ralstonia, and Sphingomonas had the opposite effects. CONCLUSION: Microbes play different roles in amino acid metabolism pathways, producing different metabolites, contributing to the differences in Daqu appearance and quality. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Microbiota , Humanos , Fermentação , Temperatura , Bactérias , Bacillus/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 2): 159224, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206912

RESUMO

Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-degrading strains resuscitated by resuscitation promoting factor (Rpf) enlarged pure degraders to screen effective bio-inoculants for soil bioaugmentation. In this study, whole-genome analysis and PCB-degrading performance of a resuscitated strain LS1 were investigated. Importantly, the persistence and the physiological response of soil-inoculated LS1 were checked. The results indicate that the Bacillus sp. strain LS1 possessed the potential to degrade polycyclic aromatic compounds. LS1 exhibited better performance in degrading PCBs 18 and 52, but lower PCB 77 degradation capability. At PCBs concentration of 10 mg/L, the degradation efficiencies of PCBs 18, 52 and 77 within 96 h were 62.8 %, 59.6 % and 39.8 %, respectively. Combined the bph genes and metabolites detected, as well as the genes found in the genome, the abilities of LS1 for oxidative dehalogenation and mineralization of PCBs via HOPDA-benzoate-protocatechuate-ß-ketoadipate pathway were determined. Notably, LS1 can still maintain survival and culturable state after inoculation into PCB-contaminated soil for 70 days. This is the first report to demonstrate the fate of resuscitated strain when used as soil bio-inoculant, which revealed the necessity and feasibility of using resuscitated strains to enhance bioremediation of PCB-contaminated soils.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Bifenilos Policlorados , Poluentes do Solo , Bifenilos Policlorados/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Bacillus/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Solo
4.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(12): 398, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352269

RESUMO

A bacterium strain isolated from freshwater sediment of San Pablo river of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba was identified as a Bacillus sp. by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time Of Flight Mass Spectrometry. A 16S rRNA gene analysis showed that the isolate A3 belongs to the operational group Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, while the phylogenetic analysis of the gyrA gene sequence grouped it within B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum cluster, referred now as Bacillus velezensis. In vitro antibacterial studies demonstrated the capacity of the isolate A3 to produce bioactive metabolites against Bacillus subtilis ATCC 11,778, Bacillus cereus ATCC 6633, and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25,923 by cross-streak, overlay, and microdilution methods. The strain also showed a high potential against the multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 700,699, ATCC 29,213, and ATCC 6538. At pH 8 and 96 h in the medium 2 of A3 culture conditions, the produced metabolites with antibacterial potential were enhanced. Some alterations in the morphology of the phytopathogens Aspergillus niger ATCC 9642, Alternaria alternata CECT 2662, and Fusarium solani CCEBI 3094 were induced by the cell-free supernatant of B. velezensis A3. A preliminary study of the nature of the bioactive compounds produced by the strain A3 showed the presence of both lipids and peptides in the culture. Those results highlight B. velezensis A3 as a promissory bacterium capable to produce bioactive metabolites with antibacterial and antifungal properties against pathogens.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Filogenia , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Fungos/genética , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/química , Água Doce
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362266

RESUMO

Bacillus genetics need more versatile promoters for gene circuit engineering. UP elements are widely distributed in noncoding regions and interact with the α-subunit of RNA polymerase (RNAP). They can be applied as a standard element for synthetic biology. Characterization of the binding motif between UP elements and RNAP may assist with rational and effective engineering. In this study, 11 Bacillus constitutive promoters were screened for strength in Bacillus licheniformis. The motif in UP elements from a strong native promoter, PLan, was characterized. The influence of specific sequences on RNAP binding and expression strength was investigated both in vitro and in vivo. It was found that sequences up to 50 base pairs upstream of the consensus motif significantly contributed to α-CTD (the alpha subunit carboxy-terminal domain) association. Meanwhile, two repeats of a proximal subsite were able to more strongly activate the expression (by 8.2-fold) through strengthening interactions between UP elements and RNAP. Based the above molecular basis, a synthetic UP element, UP5-2P, was constructed and applied to nine wild-type promoters. Fluorescence polarization results demonstrated that it had an apparent effect on promoter-α-CTD interactions, and elevated expression strength was observed for all the engineered promoters. The highest improved core promoter, Pacpp, was more strongly activated by 7.4-fold. This work thus develops a novel strategy for Bacillus promoter engineering.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Sequência de Bases , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/genética , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
6.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(12): 380, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329344

RESUMO

Tomato is affected by various diseases which cause economical loss to the farming community. In the present study, twenty isolates of Bacillus sp. were isolated from the rhizosphere of tomato and screened against soil-borne pathogens viz., Pythium aphanidermatum No.5, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici No. FOL-8, and Sclerotium rolfsii No. S-MK in tomato. The results revealed that three Bacillus sp. viz., BST8, BST18, and BST19 were promising in reducing the mycelial growth of the pathogens (up to 48% reduction) when compared to control under in vitro. The isolates possessed antimicrobial peptide genes which were detected through PCR. Novel compounds and secondary metabolites responsible for antifungal action were identified through GC-MS and FTIR analysis. Endospores have been isolated from the Bacillus sp. BST18 and standardized for the development of formulation. Pot culture experiment revealed sequential application of endospore-based bioformulation as seed treatment, (10 ml/kg), seedling dip (10 ml/lit), soil application on 30 days (100 ml/pot) along with foliar spray (0.2%) on 60 days recorded the lowest disease incidence of wilt (9.5%), and collar rot (11.5%) as against 65.5% and 75%, respectively, in the inoculated control. Field experiments revealed sequential application of endospore-based formulation of Bacillus sp. BST 18 as seed treatment, (10 ml/kg), seedling dip (10 ml/lit), soil application (400 ml/acre) at 30 days after transplantation (DAT) along with foliar spray (0.2%) on 60 DAT recorded the lowest wilt disease incidence of 15.97 &17.07 percent as against 49.77 & 51.10 percent in the control.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Fusarium , Lycopersicon esculentum , Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Solo , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Plântula
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19770, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396722

RESUMO

Adsorption of old-aged petroleum hydrocarbons to the soil solid phase, which causes biosurfactant loss of performance, is among the limiting factors for the remediation of the saline-sodic soils contaminated with petroleum. Therefore, to find a functional biosurfactant in oil-contaminated saline-sodic soils, the efficiency of 39 bacteria isolated from petroleum-contaminated soils was evaluated. The strains were cultured in the Bushnell-Haas medium, and the produced biosurfactants and bioemulsifiers in this medium were extracted using chloroform/methanol and ethyl acetate extraction methods, respectively. Their partial purification was performed by column chromatography, and eventually, their performance in releasing TPH from the contaminated soil was evaluated. The soil test results revealed that the highest TPH releases due to the effects of the biosurfactants and bioemulsifier produced from SHA302, SH21, and SH72 isolates were 42.4% ± 0.2, 21.6% ± 0.15 and 24.3% ± 0.91, respectively. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, the SHA302 strain showed 93.98% phylogenetic similarity with Bacillus pumilus strain ATCC 7061. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thin-layer chromatography results proved that the biosurfactants produced by isolates SHA302, SH21 and SH72 showed lipopeptide, glycolipoprotein and glycoprotein natures, respectively. The performance of the biosurfactant produced by SHA302 isolate indicated that it could be used as a good candidate for releasing TPH from saline-sodic soils with old contamination and facilitating the degradation of hydrocarbons.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Petróleo , Poluentes do Solo , Petróleo/metabolismo , Solo/química , Bacillus/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Filogenia , Biodegradação Ambiental , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Tensoativos/química , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo
8.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 39(1): 12, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372802

RESUMO

Transcriptional factors are well studied in bacteria for their global interactions and the effects they produce at the phenotypic level. Particularly, Bacillus subtilis has been widely employed as a model Gram-positive microorganism used to characterize these network interactions. Bacillus species are currently used as efficient commercial microbial platforms to produce diverse metabolites such as extracellular enzymes, antibiotics, surfactants, industrial chemicals, heterologous proteins, among others. However, the pleiotropic effects caused by the genetic modification of specific genes that codify for global regulators (transcription factors) have not been implicated commonly from a bioprocess point of view. Recently, these strategies have attracted the attention in Bacillus species because they can have an application to increase production efficiency of certain commercial interest metabolites. In this review, we update the recent advances that involve this trend in the use of genetic engineering (mutations, deletion, or overexpression) performed to global regulators such as Spo0A, CcpA, CodY and AbrB, which can provide an advantage for the development or improvement of bioprocesses that involve Bacillus species as production platforms. Genetic networks, regulation pathways and their relationship to the development of growth stages are also discussed to correlate the interactions that occur between these regulators, which are important to consider for application in the improvement of commercial-interest metabolites. Reported yields from these products currently produced mostly under laboratory conditions and, in a lesser extent at bioreactor level, are also discussed to give valuable perspectives about their potential use and developmental level directed to process optimization at large-scale.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Fatores de Transcrição , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Engenharia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética
9.
Toxins (Basel) ; 14(11)2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356030

RESUMO

Deoxynivalenol (DON), produced by Fusarium species, is one of the most common trichothecenes detected in cereals pre- and post-harvest, which poses a great threat to the health of livestock and human beings due to its strong toxicity. In this study, we isolated and characterized two DON-degrading bacterial strains, Bacillus sp. HN117 and Bacillus sp. N22. Both strains could degrade DON efficiently in a wide range of temperatures (from 25 °C to 42 °C) and concentrations (from 10 mg/L to 500 mg/L). After optimization of the degradation conditions, 29.0% DON was eliminated by HN117 in 72 h when it was incubated with 1000 mg/L DON; meanwhile, the DON degradation rate of N22 was boosted notably from 7.41% to 21.21% within 120 h at 500 mg/L DON. Degradation products analysis indicated HN117 was able to transform DON into a new isomer M-DOM, the possible structure of which was deduced based on LC-MS and NMR analysis, and N22 could convert DON into potential low-toxic derivatives norDON E and 9-hydroxymethyl DON lactone. These two strains have the potential to be developed as new biodegrading agents to control DON contamination in food and feed industries.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Fusarium , Tricotecenos , Humanos , Bacillus/metabolismo , Tricotecenos/toxicidade , Fusarium/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/química , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
10.
J Bacteriol ; 204(11): e0029122, 2022 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36194010

RESUMO

Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus cereus, and Bacillus thuringiensis are the major pathogens of the spore-forming genus Bacillus and possess an outer spore layer, the exosporium, not found in many of the nonpathogenic species. The exosporium consists of a basal layer with the ExsY, CotY, and BxpB proteins being the major structural components and an exterior nap layer containing the BclA glycoprotein. During the assembly process, the nascent exosporium basal layer is attached to the spore coat by a protein linker that includes the CotO and CotE proteins. Using transmission electron microscopy, Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and fluorescent fusion protein approaches, we examined the impact of single, double, and triple mutants of the major exosporium proteins on exosporium protein content and distribution. Plasmid-based expression of exsY and cotE resulted in increased production of exosporium lacking spores, and the former also resulted in outer spore coat disruptions. The exosporium bottlecap produced by exsY null spores was found to be more stable than previously reported, and its spore association was partially dependent on CotE. Deletion mutants of five putative spore genes (bas1131, bas1142, bas1143, bas2277, and bas3594) were created and shown not to have obvious effects on spore morphology or BclA and BxpB content. The BclC collagen-like glycoprotein was found to be present in the spore and possibly localized to the interspace region. IMPORTANCE B. anthracis is an important zoonotic animal pathogen causing sporadic outbreaks of anthrax worldwide. Spores are the infectious form of the bacterium and can persist in soil for prolonged periods of time. The outermost B. anthracis spore layer is the exosporium, a protein shell that is the site of interactions with both the soil and with the innate immune system of infected hosts. Although much is known regarding the sporulation process among members of the genus Bacillus, significant gaps in our understanding of the exosporium assembly process exist. This study provides evidence for the properties of key exosporium basal layer structural proteins. The results of this work will guide future studies on exosporium protein-protein interactions during the assembly process.


Assuntos
Bacillus anthracis , Bacillus , Bacillus anthracis/metabolismo , Esporos Bacterianos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/química , Bacillus/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Solo
11.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0276085, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228026

RESUMO

Members of the Bacillus genus are industrial cell factories due to their capacity to secrete significant quantities of biomolecules with industrial applications. The Bacillus paralicheniformis strain Bac84 was isolated from the Red Sea and it shares a close evolutionary relationship with Bacillus licheniformis. However, a significant number of proteins in its genome are annotated as functionally uncharacterized hypothetical proteins. Investigating these proteins' functions may help us better understand how bacteria survive extreme environmental conditions and to find novel targets for biotechnological applications. Therefore, the purpose of our research was to functionally annotate the hypothetical proteins from the genome of B. paralicheniformis strain Bac84. We employed a structured in-silico approach incorporating numerous bioinformatics tools and databases for functional annotation, physicochemical characterization, subcellular localization, protein-protein interactions, and three-dimensional structure determination. Sequences of 414 hypothetical proteins were evaluated and we were able to successfully attribute a function to 37 hypothetical proteins. Moreover, we performed receiver operating characteristic analysis to assess the performance of various tools used in this present study. We identified 12 proteins having significant adaptational roles to unfavorable environments such as sporulation, formation of biofilm, motility, regulation of transcription, etc. Additionally, 8 proteins were predicted with biotechnological potentials such as coenzyme A biosynthesis, phenylalanine biosynthesis, rare-sugars biosynthesis, antibiotic biosynthesis, bioremediation, and others. Evaluation of the performance of the tools showed an accuracy of 98% which represented the rationality of the tools used. This work shows that this annotation strategy will make the functional characterization of unknown proteins easier and can find the target for further investigation. The knowledge of these hypothetical proteins' potential functions aids B. paralicheniformis strain Bac84 in effectively creating a new biotechnological target. In addition, the results may also facilitate a better understanding of the survival mechanisms in harsh environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Bacillus/metabolismo , Coenzima A/metabolismo , Ambientes Extremos , Fenilalanina/metabolismo , Açúcares/metabolismo
12.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(12): 357, 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36251101

RESUMO

During the investigation of beneficial agricultural microorganisms, a novel Bacillus strain was isolated. To isolate an effective microorganism that has antifungal activity, soil samples were collected from an agricultural field in the southern area of Pohang, Korea. One strain that had specificity on plant pathogens was analyzed. According to 16S rRNA sequencing, the isolated bacterium was identified as Bacillus velezensis and was designated as HY-3479. Few assays were taken to analyze the characteristics of the HY-3479 strain. In agar plate assay, HY-3479 showed antifungal effects on Colletotrichum acutatum, Cylindrocarpon destructans, Rhizoctonia solani, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. The strain also had various enzymatic activities including protease, amylase, and ß-1,3-glucanase, which were relatively higher than control strains. Metabolites study of strain HY-3479 was conducted by GC-MS analysis and the bacterium contained many plant growth promoters like 3-methyl-1-butanol, (R, R)-2,3-butanediol, acetoin, and benzoic acid which were not found in untreated TSB medium. In gene expression analysis, antifungal lipopeptide genes like srfc (surfactin) and ituD (iturin A) were highly produced in the HY-3479 strain compared to the control strain KCTC 13417. B. velezensis strain HY-3479 may be the candidate to be an effective microorganism in agriculture and become a beneficial biocontrol agent with plant growth-promoting activities.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Bacillus , Acetoína/metabolismo , Ágar/metabolismo , Amilases/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Bactérias/genética , Ácido Benzoico/metabolismo , Agentes de Controle Biológico/metabolismo , Agentes de Controle Biológico/farmacologia , Lipopeptídeos/química , Lipopeptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Solo
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 17401, 2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36257999

RESUMO

The development of bio-based products has increased in recent years, and species of the Bacillus genus have been widely used for product development due to their elevated production of antimicrobial molecules and resistance to extreme environmental conditions through endospore formation. In this context, the antifungal potential of Bacillus velezensis CMRP 4489 was investigated using in silico predictions of secondary metabolites in its genome and in vitro tests against the following phytopathogenic fungi: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Macrophomina phaseolina, and Botrytis cinerea. The in-silico predictions indicated that CMRP 4489 possesses several Biosynthetic Gene Clusters (BGCs) capable of producing molecules with antifungal properties and other non-identified BGCs. The in vitro assay results evidenced strong antifungal activity, inhibiting more than 60% of the tested fungi, and the isolate's molecules were stable under diverse physicochemical conditions. The in vitro assay evidenced significant antifungal activity, deformation of the hyphal structure in SS, biofilm formation capacity, and swarming motility. In the colonization assay, we observed attachment, colonization, and net-shaped biofilm formation, with the strain transitioning from the seeds to nearby structures. Therefore, CMRP 4489 showed to be a potential biocontrol agent against various diseases with agronomic importance and can be used under adverse environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Bacillus , Antifúngicos/química , Agentes de Controle Biológico/farmacologia , Agentes de Controle Biológico/metabolismo , Bacillus/metabolismo , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Genômica , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
14.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(11): 328, 2022 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36156741

RESUMO

Hyaluronidase (HAase) can depolymerize mucopolysaccharide hyaluronic acid (HA) to increase the efficacy of drug diffusion in the case of pathogenic bacteria. Due to its widespread medical applications, HAase originating from microorganisms has attracted significant attention. In this study, the HAase-producing bacterium Bacillus sp. CQMU-D was isolated from soil and identified based on its morphology and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Enzyme activity was detected by measuring the content of reducing sugar in HA degradation products with 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid (DNSA) or p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde (DMAB) as the detection reagent. The results revealed that HAase reached maximum activity after 48 h of cultivation. Gene function annotation after full-length sequencing showed increased transport and metabolic activities associated with HAase. Additionally, the HAase gene of Bacillus sp. CQMU-D was different from the existing microbial HAase, and its protein was predicted to be a stable secretory protein with a conserved GAG_Lyase domain. These results characterized a new HAase-producing Bacillus from the soil via enzyme activity and bioinformatic analysis, expanding the knowledge on Bacillus HAase for potential industrial applications.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Hialuronoglucosaminidase , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Ácido Hialurônico , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/genética , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/metabolismo , Proteínas , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Solo , Açúcares
15.
Braz J Microbiol ; 53(4): 2015-2025, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053434

RESUMO

Bacillus sp. WD22, previously isolated from refinery effluent, degraded 71% of C8 hydrocarbons present in 1.0% v/v PCO in seawater (control medium), which reduced to 16.3%, on addition of yeast extract. The bacteria produced a biosurfactant in both media, whose surface was observed to be amorphous in nature under FESEM-EDAX analysis. The biosurfactant was characterized as a linear surfactin by LCMS and FT-IR analysis. The critical micelle concentration was observed as 50 mg/L and 60 mg/L at which the surface tension of water was reduced to 30 mN/m. Purified biosurfactant could emulsify petroleum-based oils and vegetable oils effectively and was stable at all tested conditions of pH, salinity and temperature up to 80 °C. The biosurfactant production was found to be mixed growth associated in control medium, while it was strictly growth associated in medium with yeast extract as studied by the Leudeking-Piret model.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Petróleo , Petróleo/análise , Bacillus/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Tensoativos/farmacologia , Tensoativos/química , Tensão Superficial , Biodegradação Ambiental
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077128

RESUMO

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a group of root-associated beneficial bacteria emerging as one of the powerful agents in sustainable plant disease management. Among the PGPR, Bacillus sp. has become a popular biocontrol agent for controlling pests and the diseases of several crops of agricultural and horticultural importance. Understanding the molecular basis of the plant growth-promoting and biocontrol abilities of Bacillus spp. will allow us to develop multifunctional microbial consortia for sustainable agriculture. In our study, we attempted to unravel the genome complexity of the potential biocontrol agent Bacillus subtilis Bbv57 (isolated from the betelvine's rhizosphere), available at TNAU, Coimbatore. A WGS analysis generated 26 million reads, and a de novo assembly resulted in the generation of 4,302,465 bp genome of Bacillus subtilis Bbv57 containing 4363 coding sequences (CDS), of which 4281 were functionally annotated. An analysis of 16S rRNA revealed its 100% identity to Bacillus subtilis IAM 12118. A detailed data analysis identified the presence of >100 CAZymes and nine gene clusters involved in the production of secondary metabolites that exhibited antimicrobial properties. Further, Bbv57 was found to harbor 282 unique genes in comparison with 19 other Bacillus strains, requiring further exploration.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis , Bacillus , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Bacillus subtilis/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência
17.
Mar Drugs ; 20(9)2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135756

RESUMO

The marine is a highly complex ecosystem including various microorganisms. Bacillus species is a predominant microbialflora widely distributed in marine ecosystems. This review aims to provide a systematic summary of the newly reported metabolites produced by marine-derived Bacillus species over recent years covering the literature from 2014 to 2021. It describes the structural diversity and biological activities of the reported compounds. Herein, a total of 87 newly reported metabolites are included in this article, among which 49 compounds originated from marine sediments, indicating that marine sediments are majority sources of productive strains of Bacillus species Therefore, marine-derived Bacillus species are a potentially promising source for the discovery of new metabolites.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Produtos Biológicos , Bacillus/metabolismo , Produtos Biológicos/química , Ecossistema
18.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 45(10): 1705-1717, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063213

RESUMO

As a promising feedstock, alkali-extracted xylan from lignocellulosic biomass is desired for producing xylose, which can be used for renewable biofuels production. In this study, an efficient pathway has been established for low-cost and high-yield production of xylose by hydrolysis of alkali-extracted xylan from agricultural wastes using an endo-1,4-xylanase (XYLA) from Bacillus safensis TCCC 111022 and a ß-xylosidase (XYLO) from B. pumilus TCCC 11573. The optimum activities of recombinant XYLA (rXYLA) and XYLO (rXYLO) were 60 â„ƒ and pH 8.0, and 30 â„ƒ and pH 7.0, respectively. They were stable over a broad pH range (pH 6.0-11.0 and 7.0-10.0). rXYLO showed a relatively high xylose tolerance up to 100 mM. Furthermore, the yield of xylose from wheat straw, rice straw, corn stover, corncob and sugarcane bagasse by rXYLA and rXYLO was 63.77%, 71.76%, 68.55%, 53.81%, and 58.58%, respectively. This study demonstrated a strategy to produce xylose from agricultural wastes by integrating alkali-extracted xylan and enzymatic hydrolysis.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Saccharum , Xilosidases , Álcalis , Bacillus/metabolismo , Biocombustíveis , Celulose , Endo-1,4-beta-Xilanases/metabolismo , Hidrólise , Saccharum/metabolismo , Xilanos , Xilose/metabolismo , Xilosidases/metabolismo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(16)2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36012636

RESUMO

Lipases are enzymes that hydrolyze triglycerides to fatty acids and glycerol. A typical element in lipases is a conserved motif of five amino acids (the pentapeptide), most commonly G-X-S-X-G. Lipases with the pentapeptide A-X-S-X-G are present in species of Bacillus, Paucimonas lemoignei, and the yeast Trichosporon asahii; they are usually thermotolerant and solvent resistant. Recently, while searching for true lipases in the Trichoderma harzianum genome, one lipase containing the pentapeptide AHSMG was identified. In this study, we cloned from T. harzianum strain B13-1 the lipase ID135964, renamed here as ThaL, which is 97.65% identical with the reference. We found that ThaL is a lid-containing true lipase of cluster III that belongs to a large family comprising highly conserved proteins in filamentous fungi in the orders Hypocreales and Glomerellales, in which predominantly pathogenic fungi are found. ThaL was expressed in conidia, as well as in T. harzianum mycelium, where it was cultured in liquid minimal medium. These results-together with the amino acid composition, absence of a signal peptide, mitochondrial sorting prediction, disordered regions in the protein, and lineage-specific phylogenetic distribution of its homologs-suggest that ThaL is a non-canonical effector. In summary, AHSMG-lipase is a novel lipase family in filamentous fungi, and is probably involved in pathogenicity.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Hypocreales , Bacillus/metabolismo , Fungos/metabolismo , Hypocreales/metabolismo , Lipase/metabolismo , Filogenia , Pseudomonas/metabolismo
20.
Microbiol Res ; 264: 127158, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36027845

RESUMO

The geothermal zone of Araró, México, is located within the trans-Mexican volcanic belt, an area with numerous arsenic (As)-rich hot springs. In this study, the draft genome sequence of two endemic Bacillus strains (ZAP17 and ZAP62) from Araró microbial mat hot springs was determined, which were able to grow on arsenate As(V) (up to 64 mM) and arsenite As(III) (up to 32 mM). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16 S rRNA and gyrB sequences, as well as genome sequence analysis based on average nucleotide identity (>96 %) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (>70 %), indicated that these strains belong to the Bacillus paralicheniformis ZAP17 and Bacillus altitudinis ZAP62. Furthermore, through genome mining, it was identified two arsenic resistance operons, arsRBC, and arsRBCDA in both strains as potential determinants of As resistance. Predicted ArsA (arsenial pump-driving ATPase), ArsB (Arsenical efflux pump protein), ArsC (Arsenate reductase), ArsD (Arsenical efflux pump protein) and ArsR (Metalloregulator/ars operon repressor) proteins, clearly grouped with their respective clades corresponding to other characterized bacterial species, mainly Firmicutes. To further evaluate the functionality of the ars operons in ZAP17 and ZAP62 strains, our results showed that arsRBC and arsRBCDA genes were expressed in the presence of As(III). Finally, the presence of ars operons in the genome of Bacillus species residing in As-rich environments, such as the Araró hot springs, might be a potential mechanism to survive under such harsh conditions.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Bacillus , Fontes Termais , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , DNA , Óperon , Filogenia
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