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1.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 242: 107004, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644050

RESUMO

The present study was performed to examine the histopathology, cytology, bacteriology and expression pattern of a targeted set of genes of cytokines in the oviduct of cows with inflammation (Experiment 1). In addition, the effects of oviductal fluid from cows with salpingitis on the oocyte maturation and fertilization in vitro were examined (Experiment 2). The most frequent bacterial co-infection was Escherichia coli and Fusobacterium necrophorum, which was always associated with severe histopathologic salpingitis. Out of 15 cows with histologically healthy uterus, only one cow (6.7%) displayed the histologic signs of mild salpingitis, whereas from 50 cows with endometritis, 48 cows (96%) showed histologically different grades of salpingitis. The mRNA expression of IL1ß, CD14, IL8 and CASP3 was significantly different among all groups of salpingitis (P < 0.05) with the highest level of mRNA expression in the sever grade of salpingitis. Results of experiment 2 showed a significant decline in the oocytes with peripheral free mitochondria and fertilization rate in the salpingitis group than the no- salpingitis group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, our results showed that histologically detected salpingitis is in most cases associated with histologic and cytologic endometritis. The pattern of the gene expression of chemokines and cytokines was altered in association with different grades of salpingitis. Further, we observed a decline in the peripherally located mitochondria and lower fertilization rate in oocytes following addition of oviductal fluid collected from the cows with sapingitis to the maturation media.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Doenças dos Bovinos , Endometrite , Salpingite , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Bovinos/genética , Citocinas/genética , Endometrite/veterinária , Feminino , Oócitos , RNA Mensageiro , Salpingite/genética , Salpingite/patologia , Salpingite/veterinária , Transcriptoma
2.
Lancet Microbe ; 3(4): e294-e302, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pleural infection is a common and severe disease with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The knowledge of pleural infection bacteriology remains incomplete, as pathogen detection methods based on culture have insufficient sensitivity and are biased to selected microbes. We designed a study with the aim to discover and investigate the total microbiome of pleural infection and assess the correlation between bacterial patterns and 1-year survival of patients. METHODS: We assessed 243 pleural fluid samples from the PILOT study, a prospective observational study on pleural infection, with 16S rRNA next generation sequencing. 20 pleural fluid samples from patients with pleural effusion due to a non-infectious cause and ten PCR-grade water samples were used as controls. Downstream analysis was done with the DADA2 pipeline. We applied multivariate Cox regression analyses to investigate the association between bacterial patterns and 1-year survival of patients with pleural infection. FINDINGS: Pleural infection was predominately polymicrobial (192 [79%] of 243 samples), with diverse bacterial frequencies observed in monomicrobial and polymicrobial disease and in both community-acquired and hospital-acquired infection. Mixed anaerobes and other Gram-negative bacteria predominated in community-acquired polymicrobial infection whereas Streptococcus pneumoniae prevailed in monomicrobial cases. The presence of anaerobes (hazard ratio 0·46, 95% CI 0·24-0·86, p=0·015) or bacteria of the Streptococcus anginosus group (0·43, 0·19-0·97, p=0·043) was associated with better patient survival, whereas the presence (5·80, 2·37-14·21, p<0·0001) or dominance (3·97, 1·20-13·08, p=0·024) of Staphylococcus aureus was linked with lower survival. Moreover, dominance of Enterobacteriaceae was associated with higher risk of death (2·26, 1·03-4·93, p=0·041). INTERPRETATION: Pleural infection is a predominantly polymicrobial infection, explaining the requirement for broad spectrum antibiotic cover in most individuals. High mortality infection associated with S aureus and Enterobacteriaceae favours more aggressive, with a narrower spectrum, antibiotic strategies. FUNDING: UK Medical Research Council, National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, Wellcome Trust, Oxfordshire Health Services Research Committee, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and John Fell Fund.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Coinfecção , Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas , Doenças Pleurais , Antibacterianos , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias Anaeróbias/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Metagenômica , Projetos Piloto , Doenças Pleurais/diagnóstico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
3.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 29(1): 195-214, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442286

RESUMO

As of the nineteenth century, the number of world fairs and hygiene exhibitions grew significantly. This phenomenon was linked to the experience of modernity and the emergence of bacteriology, when different cities were sanitized with the aim of combating urban diseases and epidemics. For the purpose of sanitary education and hygiene propaganda, many objects and pictures were displayed in hygiene exhibitions and museums, such as the International Hygiene Exhibition of 1911 and the German Hygiene Museum, both in Dresden. The goal of this article is to analyze a chapter of the international history of health through images that portray the connections between the German Hygiene Museum and Latin American countries between 1911 and 1933.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Museus , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Higiene/história , América Latina , Museus/história , Propaganda
4.
S Afr J Surg ; 59(3): 129a-129e, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand sepsis is a common cause of morbidity. The study was conducted in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa, investigating the bacteriological profile and aetiology of hand sepsis, aiming at optimising empiric antibiotic therapy. METHODS: This is a descriptive study of 120 patients who presented to the plastic surgery department of Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital with hand sepsis, from January 2017 to April 2019, that required surgical drainage. Data recorded included: aetiology of sepsis, underlying comorbidities, length of hospital stay, and outcome. A pus swab was taken during surgical drainage for microscopy, culture and sensitivity (MCS) analysis. The relationship between clinical factors and microbiological findings was analysed. RESULTS: The predominant bacterial strains cultured from infected patients, excluding methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, were Staphylococcus aureus (80.8%) and Streptococcus spp. (20.0%), mostly due to spontaneous onset infection (58.3%). Cultures of the more problematic Streptococcus spp. were more frequently associated in patients with diabetes mellitus (60.0%), penetrating trauma (41.9%), or blunt trauma (31.3%). The diabetes group in isolation had the longest median hospital stay of 8 (5-15) days, the most need for multiple procedures (60.0%), amputations (30.0%), and skin grafts (20.0%). The most effective antimicrobial drug particularly in mixed cultures was amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. CONCLUSION: Staphylococcus aureus infection was the most common. Streptococcus spp. occurred more frequently in patients with traumatic injury and diabetes mellitus. The latter required further surgical procedures and an increased hospital stay. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid is the preferred empiric antimicrobial agent.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Sepse , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Cas Lek Cesk ; 160(2-3): 93-96, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134498

RESUMO

The aim of the article is to describe the development of the principles of medicine based on the evidence (EBM) based on postulates of Robert Koch, Nobel prize winner, protagonist of the "Golden Age" medical bacteriology, founder of a concept of modern microbiology and infectology. Kochs work led to the discovery of a causal relationship between exposure to a specific pathogen and disease on the example of identifying the cause of anthrax - Bacillus anthracis, a disease whose symptoms vary depending on the mode of transmission (gastrointestinal ingestion, cutaneous form on contact and pulmonary manifestations when inhaled). Tuberculosis caused by Kochs bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, yet still affecting 1.7 billion people (about 25 % of the world's population), in 95 % of cases in developing countries, where poverty and high prevalence of HIV are part of everyday life. Koch also discovered Vibrio cholerae, the pathogen responsible for seven recorded pandemics, and hitherto sporadic epidemics in recent years. The main contribution of the Kochs four postulates formulation was the principle, which helped to reveal the causal relationship between the pathogenic microbe to protrude infectious disease and obtain reliable evidence in improving credibility of diagnosis of infectious diseases. Other stages in the development of EBM were formulated by Bradford Hill in his nine principles, which are valid as well for noncommunicable diseases. The subjects of discussion are limitations and restrictions of present EBM and its essentials and the use in rational preventive, diagnostic and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Antraz , Bacteriologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Alemanha , Humanos , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/epidemiologia
7.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e670, 2021. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341442

RESUMO

Un acontecimiento en la vida del doctor Carlos Juan Finlay Barrés motivó al Maestro Esteban Valderrama Peña a realizar la composición pictórica Triunfo de Finlay. La pintura representa al médico cubano exponiendo ante una comisión médica militar estadounidense, su teoría sobre el modo de contagio de la fiebre amarilla y el ente transmisor, el mosquito Aedes aegypti. Finlay había estudiado durante años la enfermedad sin que las autoridades coloniales reconocieran los resultados de sus investigaciones, a pesar de que la enfermedad causaba estragos en los militares españoles y la población. En 1898 la intervención norteamericana en la guerra de los cubanos contra el colonialismo español, generó la necesidad de sanear la Isla y crear condiciones higiénicas favorables para la estancia de las tropas norteñas. El general y médico Leonard Wood fijó su atención en la teoría de Finlay y solicitó al gobierno de su país especialistas para verificarla. Fue enviada una comisión dirigida por el mayor Walter Reed, cirujano del ejército y catedrático de bacteriología de la Facultad de Medicina Militar en Washington, para confirmarla. En la pintura, el artista representó la reunión de Finlay con la comisión norteña. El presente trabajo destaca la trascendencia de la obra, su valor estético y la integración del arte, la historia, la medicina y la ciencia. Se propone incluir su estudio como parte del trabajo educativo dirigido a fomentar la cultura general en la formación de los profesionales de la salud(AU)


One event for Doctor Carlos J. Finlay Barrés was the motive for the oil painting composition named "Triumph of Finlay" by Master of Art Esteban Valderrama Peña. The picture shows Finlay presenting his theory about the transmission of yellow fever by mosquitoes to the US Army Yellow Fever Commission. He had conceived a new infection way able to explain the propagation of the illness, and added the possibility of their scientific confirmation by experimental method. In 1898 the US army took place in the Cuban`s fighting against the Spanish colonialism. This circumstance beginning the need to improve the sanitary condition in the Island to create favorable hygienic conditions to the stay of the troops. The Military Governor of the Island, general and physician Leonard Wood took Finlay´s theory as center of his attention. He requested the government of his country experts to verify it. One commission heading for Major Walter Reed was sent. Reed was a surgeon of the army and professor of bacteriology in Military Medicine Faculty in Washington. After experimentally investigation, the commission could confirm Finlay´s theory. Valderrama´s picture shows the meeting of Finlay with the experts. This article has like objective to give emphasis about this pictorial by its importance for the Cuba´s medicine and the science history in Cuba. By the esthetic value that contains it must be included in the educational labor towards the preparation the professionals of the health. It is useful for contributing with the general culture integrating art, history, medicine and science(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pintura , Arte , Faculdades de Medicina , Bacteriologia , Febre Amarela , Cultura , História , Medicina Militar , Pessoal de Saúde
8.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 39(2): 196-199, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33966862

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Implementation of quality management system (QMS) which encompasses various quality indicators (QIs), can serve as a stepping stone for continuous improvement & help in achieving globally accepted quality standards in a diagnostic laboratory. AIMS: To generate preliminary data on trends of post-analytical QIs in Bacteriology section. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital located in Rishikesh, Uttarakhand. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Data of the following four quality indicators pertaining to aerobic culture and sensitivity testing of various clinical samples received in Clinical Bacteriology laboratory was compiled and retrospectively analysed: (i) Rate of reporting errors; (ii) Rate of re-dos; (iii) Percentage of reports correlating with clinical diagnosis; (iv) Percentage of adherence to safety precautions by employees working in diagnostics. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Descriptive statistics like mean and frequency distribution plots. RESULTS: The mean reporting error rate was 0.12 per 1000 tests. It was consistently low from July 2018 to May 2019, after which an overall increasing trend was observed. The mean rate of re-dos was 2.79 per 1000 tests. An overall decreasing trend was observed with maximum rates during the months of December 2017 and January 2018. On an average only 7.86% of the reports co-related with clinical diagnosis. Almost 100% adherence to safety precautions was observed with the exception of two instances of needle stick injuries (NSIs). CONCLUSIONS: Commitment of laboratory personnel in adopting, maintaining and analysing QMS data will lead to further strengthening of our existing healthcare system.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Laboratórios , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Bacteriologia/normas , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Índia , Laboratórios/normas , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Atenção Terciária à Saúde
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) can cause serious complications such as hearing impairment or development delays. The aim of the study was to assess the microbiological profile of organisms responsible for OME and to determine if a biofilm formation can be observed. METHODS: Ninety-nine samples from 76 patients aged from 6 months to 12 years were collected for microbiological and molecular studies. RESULTS: In microbiological studies, pathogenic bacteria Haemophilus influenzae (38.89%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (33.33%), and Staphylococcus aureus MSSA (27.78%), as well as opportunistic bacteria Staphylococcus spp. (74.14%), Diphtheroids (20.69%), Streptococcus viridans (3.45%), and Neisseria spp. (1.72%) were found. The average degree of hearing loss in the group of children with positive bacterial culture was 35.9 dB, while in the group with negative bacterial culture it was 25.9 dB (p = 0.0008). The type of cultured bacteria had a significant impact on the degree of hearing impairment in children (p = 0.0192). In total, 37.5% of Staphylococcus spp. strains were able to form biofilm. CONCLUSIONS: Staphylococcus spp. in OME may form biofilms, which can explain the chronic character of the disease. Pathogenic and opportunistic bacteria may be involved in the etiopathogenesis of OME. The degree of hearing loss was significantly higher in patients from which the positive bacterial cultures were obtained.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Otite Média com Derrame , Biofilmes , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Haemophilus influenzae , Humanos , Otite Média com Derrame/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
World J Surg ; 45(8): 2426-2431, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis is one of the most common acute surgical diseases. Diabetic patients have been shown to have an increased risk for gallbladder disease, but the correlation between the severity of gallstone disease and diabetes is still debated. The aim of this study is to examine the possible difference in the disease process between patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and those without. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of all patients who underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy between 2005 and 2015 at Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel. Demographic and medical history including data on bile and blood culture results, antimicrobial susceptibility, and clinical outcomes were retrieved from patient files. RESULTS: The cohort included 272 patients. Mean age was 68 years old, 50.74% were male and 43.75% had diabetes mellitus. Bile cultures were obtained from 252 (92.64%) patients and were positive in 134 (53.2%) patients. In 11 patients (4%) two pathogens were isolated. Blood cultures obtained from 231 patients and were positive in 35 (15.2%). Escherichia coli was the most common isolate, and was seen in 22.3% of positive bile cultures and 40% of blood cultures. Although diabetic patients had significantly more positive bile cultures, the severity of the disease, according to the Tokyo guidelines, was not higher. CONCLUSIONS: Acute cholecystitis was neither more severe nor had significant difference in bacteriological properties when comparing diabetic patients to non-diabetic ones.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Colecistite Aguda , Colecistostomia , Diabetes Mellitus , Idoso , Bile , Colecistite Aguda/cirurgia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Curr Biol ; 31(5): R223-R225, 2021 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689713

RESUMO

Interview with Erin Goley, who studies the mechanisms governing bacterial morphogenesis and the regulation of bacterial growth in changing environments at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Bactérias/citologia , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bacteriologia/história , Meio Ambiente , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Tutoria , Mídias Sociais
12.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 66(2): 110-114, 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734645

RESUMO

The quality of culture media for blood culture was checked: nutrient medium for children with an antibiotic neutralizer for the cultivation of aerobes, nutrient medium with an antibiotic neutralizer for the cultivation of anaerobes, a nutrient medium with an antibiotic neutralizer for the cultivation of aerobes, nutrient medium for the cultivation of aerobes UNONA® used in the automatic bacteriological analyzer JUNONA ®Labstar 50 (SCENKER Biological Technology Co., Ltd. China). Used tenfold dilutions from 18-24 hour cultures of reference strains: ATCC 13124 Clostridium perfringens; ATCC 25285 Bacteroides fragilis; NCTC 194I8 Haemophilus influenzae; ATCC 49619 Streptococcus pneumoniae; ATCC 16615 Streptococcus pyogenes; ATCC 27853 Pseudomonas aeruginosa; ATCC 25923 Staphylococcus aureus; ATCC 25922 Escherichia coli; BKPGU-401/-885-653 Candida albicans; ATCC13813 Streptococcus agalactiae; No. 186 Enterobacter cloacae; ATCC 29212 Enterococcus faecalis; clinical isolates: Acinetobacter lwofii, Enterobacter cloacae, Candida tropicalis. All investigated reference strains were isolated on nutrient media in accordance with their biological properties when inoculated with 50 CFU / ml less than 72 hours later, as stated by the manufacturer. The study has shown that growth factors must be used to test the quality of the culture media with Haemophilus influenzae bacteria and this must be reflected in the manufacturer's instructions.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Bacteriologia , Antibacterianos , Criança , Humanos , Laboratórios , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nutrientes , Controle de Qualidade
13.
Nihon Saikingaku Zasshi ; 76(1): 14-17, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627529

Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Pesquisa
17.
Eur J Pediatr ; 180(7): 2091-2098, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594543

RESUMO

This study aims to describe the microbiology and susceptibility profile of the intraperitoneal flora in complicated appendicitis. It is a retrospective cohort study including children < 18-year-old with pathologically confirmed appendicitis, from 2007 to 2017. It included 1466 children. Intraperitoneal samples were obtained from 655 (44.7%) patients, and 201 (30.7%) had positive culture with 395 pathogens. Gram-negative rods comprised 67.6%, Gram-positive cocci 21.5%, and anaerobes 10.9% of the isolates. Gram-positive cocci were detected in 67 (37.8%) patients. Milleri group Streptococci was the most frequently isolated Gram-positive (44.7%). The proportional rate of Milleri group Streptococci from Gram-positive cocci increased from 9.5 to 56.3% (P < 0.001, OR 12.214). Patients with Gram-positive cocci had longer hospital stay (mean 9.36 + 6.385 vs 7.72 + 4.582, P = 0.036, (CI -3.165, -0.105)) and more complicated disease (89.5% vs 78.4%, P = 0.045, OR 2.342). Patients with Milleri group Streptococci isolates readmitted more frequently (26.5% vs 13.2%, P = 0.05, OR 2.37). Resistance to amoxicillin-clavulanate, gentamicin, ceftazidime, piperacillin-tazobactam, and amikacin were detected in 29.1%, 6.5%, 2.3%, 1.2%, and 0.7% of the Gram-negative rods, respectively.Conclusion: The rates of Gram-positive cocci and particularly Milleri group Streptococci in peritoneal fluid are increasing. More complicated disease and longer hospital stay in Gram-positive cocci and higher readmission rate in Milleri group Streptococci. These emphasize the role of anti-Gram-positive antimicrobials. What is known: • Gram-negative rods are the main isolates in complicated appendicitis. • The choice of antibiotic regimen is an unsettled issue due to resistance. What is new: • Increased rate of Gram-positive cocci and Milleri group Streptococci. • More complicated disease, longer hospital stay, and higher readmission rate.


Assuntos
Apendicite , Bacteriologia , Adolescente , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Apendicite/tratamento farmacológico , Apendicite/epidemiologia , Criança , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Clin Infect Dis ; 72(7): 1200-1207, 2021 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacterial conjunctivitis is most commonly caused by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae. No population-based data on the impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) on the incidence of bacterial conjunctivitis have been published. We assessed rate dynamics of overall, pneumococcal, and NTHi conjunctivitis in children aged 2-23 months in southern Israel before and after PCV implementation. METHODS: This is a 12-year prospective, population-based surveillance, from July 2004 through June 2017. Our medical center serves a captive population of approximately 30 000 children < 2 years of age, and its clinical microbiology laboratory processes > 80% of all community-derived cultures, enabling incidence calculation. The 7-valent and 13-valent PCVs (PCV7 and PCV13, respectively) were implemented in the national immunization program in July 2009 and November 2010, respectively. Pneumococci, NTHi, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Streptococcus pyogenes were considered pathogens. Continuous annual incidences and incidence rate ratios comparing the PCV13 period (2015-2017) to the pre-PCV period (2004-2008) were calculated. RESULTS: Disease caused by PCV13 serotypes declined by 93%, without significant replacement with non-PCV13 serotypes. Rates of pneumococcal, NTHi, and overall culture-positive episodes declined by 59%, 41%, and 42%, respectively, while rates of culture-negative and other pathogens episodes did not change significantly. An overall reduction in all submitted culture rates of 35% was observed. This pattern was seen across all ages, including infants aged 2-5 months. CONCLUSIONS: PCV7/PCV13 implementation resulted in a marked and significant decline in pneumococcal, NTHi, and overall conjunctivitis rates in children < 2 years of age. The impact on NTHi episodes alludes to the role of pneumococcus-NTHi interaction in conjunctivitis. The impact in infants aged < 6 months suggests herd protection.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Conjuntivite Bacteriana , Infecções Pneumocócicas , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Vacina Pneumocócica Conjugada Heptavalente , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Israel/epidemiologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Pneumocócicas , Estudos Prospectivos , Vacinas Conjugadas , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Small Anim Pract ; 62(3): 216-222, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of bacteriology swabs as a storage method of canine urine samples and the effect on quantitative bacterial culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred fourteen canine urine samples were collected by cystocentesis. The reference aliquot was placed in a sterile tube and processed for quantitative bacterial culture within 6 hours. A bacteriology swab was then immersed in the urine for 5 seconds and returned to the charcoal Amies media container. The urine samples in the sterile tube and bacteriology swab were stored at room temperature for 48 hours and processed for quantitative bacterial culture. RESULTS: Thirty-seven of the samples were positive on reference culture with a total of 42 bacterial isolates. Samples stored in sterile tube and bacteriology swab had identical sensitivity and specificity for detection of bacteriuria (94.7% and 100%, respectively) with very good agreement (κ = 0.92; 95% CI 0.81 to 1.00). Agreement between the bacterial species of the reference sample and the bacteriology swab was higher (κ = 0.85; 95% CI 0.71 to 0.99) than compared to the sterile tube (κ = 0.78; 95% CI 0.62 to 0.94), but the overlapping confidence intervals mean improved agreement cannot be inferred. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Bacteriology swabs stored in Amies charcoal transport media should be considered an alternative method to preserve canine urine sample when immediate processing for quantitative bacterial culture is not possible. The sensitivity of culturing plain urine, stored for 48 hours in a sterile tube, for detection of bacteriuria, was higher than previously reported.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Bacteriúria , Doenças do Cão , Animais , Bacteriúria/diagnóstico , Bacteriúria/veterinária , Carvão Vegetal , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Cães , Manejo de Espécimes/veterinária
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