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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 172: 490-502, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472022

RESUMO

Pea starches, in both native (NPS) and retrograded-autoclaved forms (RAPS), were subjected to simulated gastrointestinal (GI) digestion in vitro, their multi-scale structural characteristics, morphological features, molecular distribution and thermal properties were characterized. A gradual increase in the short-/long-range crystallinity, melting enthalpy of gelatinization on increasing digestion time was observed for both the native and retrograded-autoclaved pea starch samples based on the X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectra, solid-state 13CNMR and differential scanning calorimetry measurements. It was especially noticed that the growth rate of crystallinity and double helices, as well as the decrease in Mw values were evidently greater for RAPS than for NPS. To investigate how different molecular fine structure of pea starch substrate affects the gut microbiota shifts and dynamic short-chain fatty acid profile, their resistant starch residues obtained from both native and retrograded-autoclaved pea starch after 8 h of simulated GI tract digestion was used as the fermentation substrate. The levels of acetate, propionate and butyrate gradually increased with the increasing fermentation time for NPS and RAPS. In comparison to the blank control (i.e., the group without the addition of carbohydrate), the fermented NPS and RAPS obviously resulted in an increased abundance of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes, accompanied by a decrease in Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Verrucomicrobia. Both NPS and RAPS promoted different shifts in the microbial community at the genus level, with an increase in the abundance of Bacteroides, Megamonas and Bifidobacterium, as well as a reduction in the abundance of Fusobacterium, Faecalibacterium and Lachnoclostridium in comparison to the blank control samples.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/biossíntese , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Ervilhas/química , /metabolismo , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Adulto , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Bacteroidetes/metabolismo , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Configuração de Carboidratos , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Fermentação , Firmicutes/classificação , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , Firmicutes/metabolismo , Suco Gástrico/química , Humanos , Hidrólise , Masculino , Filogenia , Proteobactérias/classificação , Proteobactérias/isolamento & purificação , Proteobactérias/metabolismo , Verrucomicrobia/classificação , Verrucomicrobia/isolamento & purificação , Verrucomicrobia/metabolismo
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406031

RESUMO

A non-motile, Gram-staining negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, crescent-rod shaped bacterium, designated strain CUG 91308T, was isolated from a sediment sample of Qinghai Lake, Qinghai Province, China. Colonies on OSM agar were round, smooth, flat and pinkish-orange in colour. Strain CUG 91308T could grow at 15-37 °C, pH 6-12 and in the presence of up to 7.0 % NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain CUG 91308T belonged to the family Cyclobacteriaceae and formed a clade with the genus Lunatimonas in the phylogenetic tree, but separated from any species of the known genera within the family. The genomic DNA G+C content is about 42.1 %. The predominant fatty acids (>10 %) were iso-C15 : 0 (21.1 %), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c / C16 : 1 ω6c / iso-C15 : 0 2OH) (14.3 %), iso-C17 : 0 3OH (12.3 %) and summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1 ω9c / C16 : 0 10-methyl) (10.6 %). The polar lipids of strain CUG 91308T were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and four unidentified polar lipids. Strain CUG 91308T contained MK-7 as the major respiratory quinone. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain CUG 91308T represents a novel species of a novel genus in the family Cyclobacteriaceae, for which the name Lunatibacter salilacus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the proposed new isolate is CUG 91308T (=KCTC 62636T=CGMCC 1.13593T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Álcalis , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464201

RESUMO

A novel Gram-negative bacterium, designated G2-14T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil sample collected from apple orchard in Chungju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea. Strain G2-14T was a strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile and short-rod-shaped bacterium. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain G2-14T was closely related to Mucilaginibacter myungsuensis HMD1056T (96.9 %) and Mucilaginibacter boryungensis BDR-9T (96.8 %). The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) of strain G2-14T were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6с and/or C16:1 ω7с) and iso-C15:0. The predominant quinone and the major polar lipid were menaquinone-7 and phosphatidylethanolamine, respectively. Strain G2-14T produced acetic acid. The DNA G+C content based on whole genome sequences was 46.4 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain G2-14T represents a novel species in the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter mali sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G2-14T (=KCTC 72533T=NBRC 114179T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Malus/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470923

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and yellow-coloured bacterium designated strain G-6-1-13T was isolated from Gwanggyo mountain forest soil. Strain G-6-1-13T could grow at 15-40 °C (optimum, 20-32 °C), pH 4.5-10.5 (optimum, pH 6.0-9.0), at 2 % (w/v) NaCl concentration, and produced flexirubin-type pigments. Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain G-6-1-13T formed a lineage within the genus Chitinophaga that was distinct from other species of the genus. Closest member was Chitinophaga varians 10-7 W-9003T (98.6 % sequence similarity) followed by C. eiseniae DSM 22224T (98.4 %), C. qingshengii JN246T (97.6 %) and C. terrae KP01T (97.4%). The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1 ω5c, and summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). MK-7 was the sole respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified phospholipid. The DNA G+C content of strain G-6-1-13T was 48.7 mol%. Average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization were below the species threshold. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic characterization, G-6-1-13T represents a novel species in the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga fulva sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G-6-1-13T (=KACC 21624T=NBRC 114361T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Florestas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332259

RESUMO

KUDC8001T was isolated from the rhizosperic soil of Elymus tsukushiensis in the Dokdo Islands, Republic of Korea. Strain KUDC8001T was Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and rod-shaped. KUDC8001T was catalase- and oxidase-positive. This strain is capable of growing at 4-37 °C and pH 7.0-8.0 and exhibited optimal growth at 25 °C and pH 7.0. It could be grown in R2A, nutrient agar and ISP2 agar plates. The cell width ranged from 0.7 to 1.0 µm, and length ranged from 2.5 to 5.5 µm. The genomic G+C content was 40.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, revealed that the strain KUDC8001T belongs to the genus Adhaeribacter, which is most closely related to the strain A. pallidiroseus HMF7616T (97.5%). The DNA relatedness of KUDC8001T with the type strains of A. pallidiroseus HMF7616T, A. swui 17 mud1-7T and A. arboris HMF7605T was ≤80.3 % based on average nucleotide identity calculations and ≤86.9 % based on average amino acid identity calculations. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization values of the strain KUDC8001T with the most closely related strains were 22.1, 24.0 and 24.4 %. Based on its phenotypic, phylogenetic, genetic and chemotaxonomic features, the strain KUDC8001T should be considered as a novel species in the genus Adhaeribacter, for which we have proposed the name Adhaeribacter radiodurans sp. nov. The type strain is KUDC8001T (=KCTC 82078T=CGMCC 1.18475T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Elymus/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ilhas , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Rizosfera , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5479-5487, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886597

RESUMO

Two novel bacteria, designated HYN0043T and HYN0046T, were isolated from a freshwater lake in Korea. 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny indicated that strain HYN0043T belongs to the genus Mucilaginibacter of the family Sphingobacteriaceae because it showed highest sequence similarity to Mucilaginibacter oryzae (98.2 %). The average nucleotide identity between strain HYN0043T and M. oryzae was 83.5 %, which is clearly below the suggested threshold for species demarcation. Strain HYN0046T was found to belong to the family Moraxellaceae and shared highest sequence similarity with Agitococcus lubricus (93.8 %). The average amino acid identity values between strain HYN0046T and representative type strains of closely related genera (Alkanindiges, Agitococcus and Acinetobacter) were 53.1-60.7 %, implying the novelty of the isolate at the genus level. Phenotypic characteristics (physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic) also supported the taxonomic novelty of the two isolates. Thus, we suggest the following names to accommodate strains HYN0043T and HYN0046T: Mucilaginibacter celer sp. nov. (type strain HYN0043T=KACC 19184T=NBRC 112738T) in the family Spingobacteriaceae and phylum Bacteroidetes and Aquirhabdus parva gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain HYN0046T=KACC 19178T=NBRC 112739T) in the family Moraxellaceae and phylum Proteobacteria.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Moraxellaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Moraxellaceae/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5382-5388, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877325

RESUMO

A novel fibrillar matrix-producing, rod-shaped, red-orange, asporogenous, aerobic bacterium, designated DK36T, was isolated from roots of a rice plant in the Ilsan region near Dongguk University, South Korea. Cells of strain DK36T were Gram-stain-negative and motile by means of gliding. The temperature and pH ranges for growth were 7-35 °C (optimum: 30 °C) and pH 5-10 (optimum: pH 7.0). The strain did not require NaCl for growth but tolerated up to 8 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic anlaysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that DK36T formed a monophyletic clade with Adhaeribacter aerophilus 6425 S-25T, Adhaeribacter aerolatus 6515 J-31T and Adhaeribacter swui 17mud1-7T with sequence similarities of 96.3, 95.5 and 95.2%, respectively. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain DK36T with the most closely related strains whose whole genomes are publicly available were 72.5-83.6% and 19-28 %, respectively. The strain showed the typical chemotaxonomic characteristics of the genus Adhaeribacter, with the presence of menaquinone MK-7 as the respiratory quinone, and C16 : 1ω5c, iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 4 (composed of iso-C17 : 1 I/anteiso-C17 : 1 B) as the major fatty acids. The polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminophosphoglycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids and five unidentified polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content based on the draft genome sequence was 43.4 mol%. The results of physiological and biochemical tests and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis clearly revealed that strain DK36T represents a novel species of the genus Adhaeribacter, for which the name Adhaeribacter rhizoryzae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DK36T (=KACC 19902T=NBRC 113689T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Oryza/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 5123-5130, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812858

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain YJ03T, was isolated from a spinach farming field soil at Shinan in Korea. Strain YJ03T was found to be an aerobic, non-motile and non-spore-forming bacterium which can grow at 10-33 °C (optimum, 25-28 °C), at pH 6.6-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.5) and at salinities of 0-1.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 % NaCl). Sequence similarities of the 16S rRNA gene of strain YJ03T with the closely related relatives were in the range 93.9-92.2 %, and the results of phylogenomic analysis indicated that strain YJ03T was clearly separated from species of the genera in the family Chitinophagaceae, showing average nucleotide identity values of 68.8-64.3 %. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was identified as MK-7 and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and an unidentified fatty acid with an equivalent chain-length of 13.565. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified aminolipids and six unidentified lipids. The G+C content of the genome was determined to be 41.8 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties and phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses using 16S rRNA gene sequences and whole-genome sequences in this study, strain YJ03T is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Chitinophagaceae, for which the name Agriterribacter humi gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain of Agriterribacter humi is YJ03T (=KACC 19548T=NBRC 113195T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Fazendas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4816-4821, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706333

RESUMO

A marine bacterial strain, designated GM2-18T, was isolated from mangrove sediment sampled at Luoyang River estuary, Quanzhou, PR China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, slightly curved long rod-shaped and facultatively anaerobic with no flagellum. Catalase activity was found to be weak-positive and oxidase-positive. It had no ability to degrade or hydrolyse substrates including skimmed milk, cellulose, starch and Tweens (40, 60 and 80). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain GM2-18T had maximum similarity values to 'Draconibacterium filum' F2T, Draconibacterium sediminis JN14CK-3T and Draconibacterium orientale FH5T of 98.0, 97.8 and 97.4 %, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain GM2-18T was affiliated to the genus Draconibacterium and formed a clade with an uncultured bacterium clone identified from mangrove environment. Average nucleotide identity values and DNA-DNA hybridization estimates of strain GM2-18T compared to its Draconibacterium relatives strongly supported that it belonged to a new species. The respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-7. The major fatty acids (>10 %) consisted of iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C17 : 1 ω6c. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, a phospholipid and several unidentified lipids. The genomic size of strain GM2-18T was 5.9 Mb and the G+C content was 40.8 mol%. Gene prediction and annotation of strain GM2-18T indicated that there was a nitrogen-fixing gene cluster encoding nitrogenase molybdenum-iron protein and related proteins responsible for nitrogen fixation. Based on the above characteristics, strain GM2-18T represents a novel species within the genus Draconibacterium. Thus, Draconibacterium mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed with type strain GM2-18T (=MCCC 1K04382T=KCTC 72879T), isolated from mangrove sediment.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4725-4729, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687462

RESUMO

An anaerobic bacterial strain, named TLL-A4T, was isolated from fecal pellets of conventionally raised C57BL/6J mice. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene indicated that the strain belongs to the phylum Bacteroidetes and, more specifically, to the recently proposed Muribaculaceae (also known as S24-7 clade or Candidatus Homeothermaceae). Strain TLL-A4T's 16S rRNA gene shared 92.8 % sequence identity with the type strain of the only published species of the genus Muribaculum, Muribaculum intestinale DSM 28989T. Genome-sequencing of TLL-A4T was performed to compare average amino acid identity (AAI) value and percentage of conserved proteins (POCP) between both strains. The AAI analysis revealed that strain TLL-A4T had high identity (69.8 %) with M. intestinale DSM 28989T, while the POCP was 56 %. These values indicate that strain TLL-A4T could be considered a member of the genus Muribaculum but not belonging to the species M. intestinale. Quinone analysis indicated MK10 (63 %) and MK11 (32 %) as major quinones in the membrane, while MK9 was only present as a minor component (5 %). The main cellular fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0 (42.8 %); summed feature 11 (17.5 %), C15 : 0 iso (13.4 %), C18 : 1 ω9c (5.6 %), C16.0 3-OH (4.5 %) and C15 : 0 (4.2 %) were detected in minor amounts. Analysis of enzyme activities using the API 32A and API 20A kits indicated major differences between strain TLL-A4T and Muribaculum intestinale DSM 28989T. Based on genotypic, phylogenetic and phenotypic differences, strain TLL-A4T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Muribaculum, for which the name Muribaculum gordoncarteri sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TLL-A4T (=DSM 108194T=KCTC 15770T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(10): 2663-2669, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719948

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and yellow-colored bacterium, designated 17J68-12T, was isolated from soil in Jeju Island, Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain 17J68-12T formed a distinct lineage within the family Chitinophagaceae and was mostly related to members of Flaviaesturariibacter luteus (97.5%), Flaviaesturariibacter amylovorans (96.8%) and Flaviaesturariibacter terrae (96.8%). Growth was observed at 18-42 °C (optimum 30 °C) in R2A broth at pH 7.0. The major cellular fatty acids of the strain 17J68-12 T were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c), summed feature 1 (C15:1 iso-H and/or C13:0 3-OH), and iso-C15:0. The predominant respiratory quinones are MK-7 and MK-6. The major polar lipid was identified as phosphatidylethanolamine. Based on biochemical, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, the strain 17J68-12T represents a novel bacterial species within the family Chitinophagaceae, for which the name Flaviaesturariibacter flavus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Flaviaesturariibacter flavus is 17J68-12T (= KCTC 62219T = JCM 33179T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/genética , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Especificidade da Espécie
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4616-4622, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667873

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic and non-motile bacteria, strains R11T and S1162T, were isolated from soil in the Republic of Korea. Both strains were catalase- and oxidase-positive and contained menaquinone-7 as the major isoprenoid quinone. Strain R11T contained summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), iso-C15:0, C16:0 and iso-C17:0 3-OH as major fatty acids and phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid and an unidentified aminolipid as major polar lipids; while strain S1162T contained summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, C16:0 and summed feature 9 (10-methyl C16:0 and/or iso-C17:1 ω9c) as major fatty acids and phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified aminophospholipid as major polar lipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains R11T and S1162T calculated from their whole genomes were 42.7 and 42.9 mol%, respectively. Results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain R11T formed a phylogenetic lineage with Mucilaginibacter jinjuensis YC7004T and strain S1162T formed a distinct phyletic lineage from closely related type strains within the genus Mucilaginibacter. Strains R11T and S1162T were most closely related to M. jinjuensis YC7004T and Mucilaginibacter panaciglaebae BXN5-31T with 97.78 and 97.23% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular analysis, strains R11T and S1162T represent two novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the names Mucilaginibacter agri sp. nov. and Mucilaginibacter humi sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strains of M. agri and M. humi are R11T (=KACC 21228T=JCM 33472T) and S1162T (=KACC 21669T=JCM 33916T), respectively.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4808-4815, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701428

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, O9T, was isolated from a forest soil sample collected at Dai, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, PR China. Strain O9T grew optimally at pH 7.0, at 28‒30 °C and in the absence of NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis placed strain O9T within the genus Chitinophaga of the family Chitinophagaceae, with Chitinophaga terrae KP01T (97.8 %), Chitinophaga jiangningensis JN53T (97.7 %), Chitinophaga niastensis JS16-4T (97.4 %), Chitinophaga qingshengii JN246T (97.3 %) and Chitinophaga dinghuensis DHOC24T (97.3 %) as its closest relatives. Strain O9T hydrolysed casein, gelatin and Tween 80. It could not assimilate l-arabinose, l-rhamnose, sucrose, melibiose, gentiobiose or d-fructose as a carbon source. It was negative for esterase lipase (C8) and ß-glucosidase. Phosphatidylethanolamine was the predominant polar lipid. The major respiratory quinone of strain O9T was MK-7. Its major fatty acids were iso-C15:0 (34.2 %), C16:1 ω5c (20.9 %) and iso-C17:0 3-OH (12.6 %). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain O9T was 49.0 mol% based on total genome calculations. The average nucleotide identity score between the genomic sequence of strain O9T and that of Chitinophaga terrae KP01T was 72.9%. The Genome-to-Genome Distance Calculator showed that DNA‒DNA hybridization values for strain O9T and Chitinophaga terrae KP01T were 13.6, 21.1 and 14.4%, respectively. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic data, strain O9T represents a novel species of the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga solisilvae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is O9T (=CGMCC 1.12462T=KCTC 32404T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Florestas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3859-3864, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501195

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, designated ysch24T, was isolated from a forest soil sample collected from the Cat Tien National Park, southern Vietnam. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, gliding, filamentous or rod-shaped. The results of 16S rRNA gene analyses revealed that strain ysch24T belongs to the genus Chitinophaga, and was most closely related to Chitinophaga silvisoli GDMCC 1.1411T (97.4 %), followed by Chitinophaga oryziterrae JCM 16595T (97.3 %) and Chitinophaga sancti NBRC 15057T (96.9 %). The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain ysch24T and closely related type strains were 72.0-74.0 % and 19.1-19.4 %, respectively. Major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1 ω5c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and the predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone 7. Polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified aminophospholipids, two unidentified phospholipids and four unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 45.6 mol%. The study clearly showed that strain ysch24T should represent a novel species of the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga tropicalis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ysch24T (=GDMCC 1.1355T=KACC 21527T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Florestas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vietnã , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4186-4192, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538740

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic, red-pigmented, rod-shaped and non-motile strain (RC1_OXG_1FT) was isolated from deep sea water of the Indian Ocean. It was able to grow at pH 5-8 (optimum, pH 7), at 5-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), and at salinity (% NaCl, w/v) of 0.5-5 % (optimum, 1-2 %). Catalase- and oxidase-positive. It had highest 16S rRNA gene similarity (96.7 %) to 'Sunxiuqinia dokdonensis' DH1T, followed by Sunxiuqinia faeciviva JAM-BA0302T (96.6 %), Sunxiuqinia elliptica CGMCC 1.9156T (96.2 %), Sunxiuqinia rutila HG677T (96.0 %) and species (less than 92.3 %) of other genera. It belongs to the genus Sunxiuqinia within the phylum Bacteroidetes, based on the phylogenetic analysis. The results of digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity analyses indicated that the strain belonged to a novel species. Its genome size is 5,250, 885 bp, with DNA G+C content of 40.5 mol%. Genome analysis revealed that the strain possessed many genes involved in polysaccharide degradation, especially hemicellulose degradation, indicating that the strain could maintain its normal metabolism by using recalcitrant organic matter in the oligotrophic deep sea environment. Its principal fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0 and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified glycolipids, three unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified polar lipids. The isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic data, the strain represents a novel species within the genus Sunxiuqinia, for which the name Sunxiuqinia indica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RC1_OXG_1FT (=MCCC 1A13858T=KCTC 62805T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4245-4249, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568032

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, short-rod-shaped and pink-pigmented bacterial strain (HB172049T) was isolated from mangrove sediment. Cells grew at 10-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0.5-9.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-5 %). Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that the isolate had highest sequence similarities to Pontibacter mucosus DSM 100162T (96.5 %) and Pontibacter korlensis X14-1T (96.5 %). The values of average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization between the isolate and its close neighbours were, respectively, less than 80.1, 81.7 and 23.2 %. Chemotaxonomic analysis indicated that the sole respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 4 and iso-C15 : 0 (42.2 and 24.6 %, respectively). The major polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminophospholipid and two unidentified polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 52.6 mol%. Based on polyphasic taxonomic characterization, it is proposed that strain HB172049T belongs to the genus Pontibacter and represents a novel species, for which the name Pontibacter mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HB172049T (=CGMCC 1.16729T=JCM 33333T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4502-4507, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598276

RESUMO

An alkali lignin-degrading, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated BM_7T, was isolated from mangrove sediment of the supralittoral zone in the Jiulong river estuary, PR China. The cells of strain BM_7T were 0.4-0.6 µm wide and 1.0-8.5 µm long. Oxidase and catalase activities were positive. Strain BM_7T could grow at 10-37 °C (optimum, 25-28 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0.5-6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2%). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain BM_7T belonged to the genus Mangrovibacterium of the family Prolixibacteraceae. It showed the highest similarity to Mangrovibacterium diazotrophicum JCM 19152T (96.8 %), followed by Mangrovibacterium marinum KCTC 42253T (96.1%). The values of average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization were calculated as 76.9, 24.3 and 76.1, 17.4 % between strain BM_7T with M. diazotrophicum JCM 19152T and M. marinum KCTC 42253T, respectively. The major respiratory quinone of strain BM_7T was MK-7. The polar lipids were detected as phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified phospholipids and four unidentified aminolipids. The dominant fatty acids consisted of iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, C15 : 1 ω6c, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, C17 : 1 ω6c, C17 : 0 3-OH and C17 : 0. The genome size of strain BM_7T is 5.6 Mb, with G+C content of 43.4 mol%. Based on the phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain BM_7T was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Mangrovibacterium, and the name Mangrovibacterium lignilyticum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BM_7T (=MCCC 1A15882T=KCTC 72696T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lignina/metabolismo , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3749-3754, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519941

RESUMO

Three strains representing the previously uncultured human oral Tannerella taxon HMT-286 were recently isolated from the subgingival plaque of a patient with chronic periodontitis. The phenotypic and genetic features of strain SP18_26T were compared to those of the type species of Tannerella, Tannerella forsythia. A genome size of 2.97 Mbp (G+C content 56.5 mol%) was previously reported for SP18_26T, compared to a size of 3.28 Mbp (47.1 mol%) in T. forsythia ATCC 43037T. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons also revealed 94.3 % sequence identity with T. forsythia ATCC 43037T. Growth was stimulated by supplementation of media with N-acetyl muramic acid, as seen with T. forsythia, but the cells displayed a distinctive snake-like morphology. Fatty acid methyl ester analysis revealed a profile differing from T. forsythia, chiefly in the amount of 3-OH-16 : 0 (four-fold lower in SP18_26T). Overall, metabolic enzyme activity also differed from T. forsythia, with enzyme activity for indole present, but the complement of glycoside hydrolase enzyme activity was smaller than T. forsythia, for example, lacking sialidase and N-acetyl-ß-glucosaminidase - evidence backed up by analysis of its gene content. On the basis of these results, a new species Tannerella serpentiformis is proposed for which the type strain is SP18_26T (=DSM 102894T=JCM 31303T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Boca/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Feminino , Humanos , Londres , Ácidos Murâmicos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4139-4144, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501784

RESUMO

Strains of Echinicola, thought to play vital roles in the environment for their high enzyme production capacity during decomposition of polysaccharides, are ubiquitous in hypersaline environments. A Gram-negative, non-spore forming, gliding, aerobic bacterial strain, designated LN3S3T, was isolated from alkaline saline soil sampled in Tumd Right Banner, Inner Mongolia, northern PR China. Strain LN3S3T grew at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and with 0-12.5 % NaCl (optimum, 2.0 %). A phylogenetic tree based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain LN3S3T clustered with Echinicola rosea JL3085T and Echinicola strongylocentroti MEBiC08714T, sharing 97.0, 96.7 and <96.50 % of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to E. rosea JL3085T, E. strongylocentroti MEBiC08714T and all other type strains. MK-7 was the major respiratory quinone, while phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids, an unidentified aminophospholipid, an unidentified lipid and two unidentified aminolipids were the major polar lipids. Its major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). The genome consisted of a circular 5 550 304 bp long chromosome with a DNA G+C content of 44.0 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI), average amino acid identity (AAI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values of strain LN3S3T to E. rosea JL3085T and E. strongylocentroti MEBiC08714T were 82.5 and 81.5 %, 87.5 and 86.0 %, and 39.1 and 35.1 %, respectively. Based on physiological, genotypic and phylogenetic analyses, strain LN3S3T could be discriminated from its phylogenetic relatives. Echinicola soli sp. nov. is therefore proposed with strain LN3S3T (=CGMCC 1.17081T=KCTC 72458T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Álcalis , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Salinidade , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo/química , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3639-3646, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501783

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, microaerophilic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium strain designated PMP191FT, was isolated from a human peritoneal tumour. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the organism formed a lineage within the family Chitinophagaceae that was distinct from members of the genus Pseudoflavitalea (95.1-95.2 % sequence similarity) and Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans (94.4 % sequence similarity). The average nucleotide identity values between strain PMP191FT and Pseudoflavitalea rhizosphaerae T16R-265T and Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans Gsoil 221T was 68.9 and 62.3% respectively. The only respiratory quinone of strain PMP191FT was MK-7 and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c). The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine and some unidentified amino and glycolipids. The G+C content of strain PMP191FT calculated from the genome sequence was 43.4 mol%. Based on phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic evidence, strain PMP191FT represents a novel species and genus for which the name Parapseudoflavitalea muciniphila gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PMP191FT (=DSM 104999T=ATCC BAA-2857T = CCUG 72691T). The phylogenetic analyses also revealed that Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans shared over 98 % sequence similarly to members of the genus Pseudoflavitalea. However, the average nucleotide identity value between Pseudoflavitalea rhizosphaerae T16R-265T, the type species of the genus and Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans Gsoil 221T was 86.8 %. Therefore, we also propose that Pseudobacter ginsenosidimutans be reclassified as Pseudoflavitalea ginsenosidimutans comb. nov.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Neoplasias Peritoneais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Baltimore , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Humanos , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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