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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1758-1768, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228771

RESUMO

We describe a new multidrug resistant Chitinophaga species that was isolated from patients with type 2 diabetes in Vietnam. Strain BD 01T was cultivated in 2017 from a blood sample of a patient suffering from bacteremia. Strain VP 7442 was isolated in 2018 from a pleural fluid sample of a patient who had presented with lung abscess and pleural effusion. Both strains are aerobic, Gram-negative, non-motile and non-spore-forming. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of both strains are 100 % similar and share a highest 16S sequence identity with Chitinophaga polysaccharea MRP-15T of 97.42 %. Their predominant fatty acid is iso-C15 : 0 (73.8 % for strain BD 01T and 79.8 % for strain VP 7442). The draft genome sizes of strains BD 01T and VP 7442 are 6 308 408 and 6 308 579 bp, respectively. They are resistant to beta-lactams, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, metronidazole, fosfomycin, vancomycin and macrolides, and exhibit 20 and 18 antimicrobial resistance-related genes, respectively. Using the multiphasic taxonogenomic approach, we propose that strains BD 01T (=CSUR P9622=VTCC 70981) and VP 7442 (=CSUR P9623=VTCC 70982) represent a new species, for which we propose the name Chitinophaga vietnamensis sp. nov. Strain BD 01T was chosen as type strain of C. vietnamensis sp. nov.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Filogenia , Bacteriemia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Abscesso Pulmonar/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vietnã
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1508-1515, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100678

RESUMO

Strain TTM-71T, isolated from a freshwater river in Taiwan, was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and an up-to-date bacterial core gene set (92 protein clusters) indicated that strain TTM-71T is affiliated with species in the genus Filimonas. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity indicated that strain TTM-71T is closely related to species within the genus Filimonas (94.7-95.5 % sequence similarity) and had a high sequence similarity with Filimonas endophytica SR 2-06T (95.5 %). Strain TTM-71T showed 70.3 % average nucleotide identity and 24.9 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization identity with Filimonas lacunae YT21T. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile by gliding, rod-shaped and formed beige-colored colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 20 °C, pH 8, and in the presence of 0.5 % NaCl. The major fatty acids of strain TTM-71T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). The predominant hydroxy fatty acid was iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The polar lipid profile consisted of a mixture of phosphatidylethanolamine, four uncharacterized aminophospholipids, one uncharacterized aminolipid, one uncharacterized phospholipid and one uncharacterized lipid. The predominant polyamine was homospermidine. The only isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. Genomic DNA G+C content was 45.6 mol%. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence presented, strain TTM-71T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Filimonas, for which the name Filimonas effusa sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TTM-71T (=BCRC 81160T=LMG 31017T=KCTC 62871T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Rios/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Taiwan , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 43(2): 126065, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057584

RESUMO

To date, the phylum Bacteroidetes comprises more than 1,500 described species with diverse ecological roles. However, there is little understanding of archetypal Bacteroidetes traits at a genomic level. In this study, a representative set of 89 Bacteroidetes genomes was compiled, and pairwise reciprocal best-match gene comparisons and gene syntenies were used to identify common traits that allowed Bacteroidetes evolution and adaptive radiation to be traced. The type IX secretion system (T9SS) was highly conserved among all studied Bacteroidetes. Class-level comparisons furthermore suggested that the ACIII-caa3COX super-complex evolved in the ancestral aerobic bacteroidetal lineage, and was secondarily lost in extant anaerobic Bacteroidetes. Another Bacteroidetes-specific respiratory chain adaptation was the sodium-pumping Nqr complex I that replaced the ancestral proton-pumping complex I in marine species. T9SS plays a role in gliding motility and the acquisition of complex macro-molecular organic compounds, and the ACIII-caa3COX super-complex allows effective control of electron flux during respiration. This combination likely provided ancestral Bacteroidetes with a decisive competitive advantage to effectively scavenge, uptake and degrade complex organic molecules, and therefore has played a pivotal role in the successful adaptive radiation of the phylum.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Bacteroidetes/genética , Evolução Molecular , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Sistemas de Secreção Bacterianos/genética , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Bacteroidetes/fisiologia , Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Locomoção/genética , Filogenia
4.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 43(2): 126072, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32094022

RESUMO

Polyphasic analysis of ten isolates of the red-pigmented bacteria isolated from ten Arthrospira cultures originating from different parts of the world is described. The 16S rRNA analysis showed <95 % identity with the known bacteria on public databases, therefore, additional analyses of fatty acids profiles, MALDI-TOF/MS, genome sequencing of the chosen isolate and following phylogenomic analyses were performed. Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic rods were positive for catalase, negative for oxidase, proteolytic and urease activity. Major fatty acids were 15 : 0 iso, 17:0 iso 3 OH and 17:1 iso w9c/16:0 10-methyl. The whole phylogenomic analyses revealed that the genomic sequence of newly isolated strain DPMB0001 was most closely related to members of Cyclobacteriaceae family and clearly indicated distinctiveness of newly isolated bacteria. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridisation values were calculated between representative of the novel strains DPMB0001 and its phylogenetically closest species, Indibacter alkaliphilus CCUG57479 (LW1)T (ANI 69.2 % is DDH 17.2 %) and Mariniradius saccharolyticus AK6T (ANI 80.02 % isDDH 26.1 %), and were significantly below the established cut-off <94 % (ANI) and <70 % (isDDH) for species and genus delineation. The obtained results showed that the analysed isolates represent novel genus and species, for which names Arthrospiribacter gen nov. and Arthrospiribacter ruber sp. nov. (type strain DPMB0001=LMG 31078=PCM 3008) is proposed.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Bacteroidetes/fisiologia , Spirulina/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bacteroidetes/química , Bacteroidetes/citologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Variação Genética , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fenótipo , Filogenia , Pigmentos Biológicos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Metabolismo Secundário , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1672-1677, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935174

RESUMO

Strain XY-J91T, a Gram-stain-negative, reddish orange, non-spore-forming and short-rod-shaped marine bacterium, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of the mangrove plant Kandelia candel (L.) Druce in Mai Po Nature Reserve, Hong Kong. The strain showed growth at 15-50 °C (optimum 40 °C), at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum 7.0-8.0) and with 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1-2 %). The only respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. The G+C content of strain XY-J91T was 40.4 mol%. Strain XY-J91T exhibited highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to the type strains of Algoriphagus marincola SW-2T (96.66 %), Algoriphagus taiwanensis CC-PR-82T (96.21%), Algoriphagus ornithinivorans JC2052T (96.16%), Algoriphagus confluentis HJM-2T (95.73%) and Algoriphagus zhangzhouensis 12C11T (95.52 %). Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic evidence presented, strain XY-J91T represents a novel species of the genus Algoriphagus, for which the name Algoriphagus kandeliae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XY-J91T (=MCCC 1K03612T=KCTC 72216T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Rhizophoraceae/microbiologia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hong Kong , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1623-1629, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961286

RESUMO

Blue holes are unique geomorphological units characterized by steep redox and biogeochemical gradients. Yongle Blue Hole is located on the largest atoll (Yongle Atoll) of the western Xisha Islands in the South China Sea. A Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, non-motile, non-flagellated marine bacterium with creamy white colonies, designated JC036T, was isolated from Yongle Blue Hole. Cells were short-rod-shaped and catalase-negative. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that sequence similarities were lower than 91.6 % against all validly named species in the family Prolixibacteraceae; a reconstructed phylogenetic tree indicated that strain JC036T formed a lineage with strains in the family Prolixibacteraceae. Growth occurred at 4-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, 7.0) and in the presence of 2-6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3 %). The prevalent isoprenoid quinone of strain JC036T was menaquinone-7 (MK-7). Iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH were the predominant fatty acids. The major polar lipids included a phospholipid, phosphatidylethanolamine, an aminophospholipid and four unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain JC036T was 37.8 mol%. Based on physiological and biochemical characteristics and whole genome comparisons, we propose a new genus and species, Puteibacter caeruleilacunae gen. nov., sp. nov., within the family Prolixibacteraceae. The type strain of Puteibacter caeruleilacunae is JC036T (=JCM 33128T=MCCC 1K03579T). From this study, a deeper understanding of the community of the microorganism and their roles in biogeochemical cycles, especially anaerobic bacteria, is provided.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
mSphere ; 5(1)2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996419

RESUMO

We conducted a global characterization of the microbial communities of shipping ports to serve as a novel system to investigate microbial biogeography. The community structures of port microbes from marine and freshwater habitats house relatively similar phyla, despite spanning large spatial scales. As part of this project, we collected 1,218 surface water samples from 604 locations across eight countries and three continents to catalogue a total of 20 shipping ports distributed across the East and West Coast of the United States, Europe, and Asia to represent the largest study of port-associated microbial communities to date. Here, we demonstrated the utility of machine learning to leverage this robust system to characterize microbial biogeography by identifying trends in biodiversity across broad spatial scales. We found that for geographic locations sharing similar environmental conditions, subpopulations from the dominant phyla of these habitats (Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Cyanobacteria, and Proteobacteria) can be used to differentiate 20 geographic locations distributed globally. These results suggest that despite the overwhelming diversity within microbial communities, members of the most abundant and ubiquitous microbial groups in the system can be used to differentiate a geospatial location across global spatial scales. Our study provides insight into how microbes are dispersed spatially and robust methods whereby we can interrogate microbial biogeography.IMPORTANCE Microbes are ubiquitous throughout the world and are highly diverse. Characterizing the extent of variation in the microbial diversity across large geographic spatial scales is a challenge yet can reveal a lot about what biogeography can tell us about microbial populations and their behavior. Machine learning approaches have been used mostly to examine the human microbiome and, to some extent, microbial communities from the environment. Here, we display how supervised machine learning approaches can be useful to understand microbial biodiversity and biogeography using microbes from globally distributed shipping ports. Our findings indicate that the members of globally dominant phyla are important for differentiating locations, which reduces the reliance on rare taxa to probe geography. Further, this study displays how global biogeographic patterning of aquatic microbial communities (and other systems) can be assessed through populations of the highly abundant and ubiquitous taxa that dominant the system.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Biodiversidade , Cianobactérias/classificação , Proteobactérias/classificação , Microbiologia da Água , Ásia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Europa (Continente) , Água Doce/microbiologia , Aprendizado de Máquina , Microbiota , Filogeografia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Navios , Estados Unidos
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 499-504, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613737

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, reddish-orange-coloured, gliding bacterial strain, designated L12M1T, was isolated from the gut of the Korean scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain L12M1T formed a monophyletic clade with the strains in the genus Flammeovirga and showed highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Flammeovirga kamogawensis YS10T (98.66 %). The major cellular fatty acids of strain L12M1T were iso-C15 : 0 and C20 : 4ω6,9,12,15c. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The major polyamines were spermidine, cadaverine and the minor polyamine was putrescine. The DNA G+C content was 32.1 mol%. The phylogenetic, phenotypic, biochemical, chemotaxonomic and genotypic results indicated that strain L12M1T represents a novel species of the genus Flammeovirga, for which the name Flammeovirga pectinis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is L12M1T (=KCTC 62750T=JCM 33169T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Pectinidae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Pigmentação , Poliaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(1): 127-134, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515591

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, designated ZR32T, was isolated from briquette warehouse soil in Ulsan (Korea). The strain was aerobic, showing pink-colored colonies on R2A agar. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain ZR32T was closely related to Mucilaginibacter soli R9-65T (97.0%), Mucilaginibacter gynuensis YC7003T (96.9%), and Mucilaginibacter lutimaris BR-3T (96.8%). The values of DNA-DNA relatedness related two highest strains M. soli R9-65T and M. gynuensis YC7003T were 31.2 ± 6.9% and 19.7 ± 0.3%, respectively. Its genome size was 3.9 Mb, comprising 3402 predicted genes. The DNA G+C content of strain ZR32T was 43.0 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids (> 5% of total) were summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c), C16:0, C16:1ω5c, iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, and C17:1ω9c. The major respiratory quinine was menaquinone-7 (MK-7). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids, one unidentified sphingolipid, and one unidentified polar lipid. Strain ZR32T showed distinctive characteristics such as the temperature and pH for growth ranges, being positive for ß-glucosidase, salicin production, negative for N-acetyl-glucosamine assimilation, being resistant to carbenicillin and piperacillin to related species. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic data, strain ZR32T represents a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter hurinus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ZR32T (= KCTC 62193 = CCTCC AB 2017285).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/química , Bacteroidetes/genética , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Lipídeos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 246-250, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617843

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and ovoid- or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated HSMS-39T, was isolated from marine sand sampled at Hongsung, Republic of Korea. Strain HSMS-39T grew optimally at 30 °C and in the presence of 1.0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HSMS-39T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of Lewinella species, clustering with the type strain of Lewinella marina showing 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 99.1 %. It exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of less than 95.5 % to the type strains of the other Lewinella species. Strain HSMS-39T contained MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C17 : 1ω9c, iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain HSMS-39T were phosphatidylethanolamine and one unidentified phospholipid. The DNA G+C content of strain HSMS-39T was 60.0 mol%. The mean DNA-DNA relatedness value between strain HSMS-39T and the type strain of L. marina was 15 %. The average nucleotide identity value between strain HSMS-39Tand the type strain of L. marina was 81.87 %. The phylogenetic and genetic data and differential phenotypic properties indicated that strain HSMS-39T is separated from other recognized species of the genus Lewinella. On the basis of the polyphasic data, strain HSMS-39T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Lewinella, for which the name Lewinella litorea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HSMS-39T (=KACC 19866T=NBRC 113585T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , 24975/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 193-198, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617845

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped, oxidase-positive, red-pigmented bacterium, strain N3T, was isolated from Fuxian lake, a freshwater lake in Yunnan Province, PR China. Strain N3T was facultatively anaerobic, heterotrophic and negative for catalase. Optimal growth occurred at 30 °C (range 4-45 °C), pH 7.0-8.0 (range 6.5-9.5) and in the presence of 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl (range 0-3 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that strain N3T was close to the type strains of Algoriphagus aquaeductus, Algoriphagus shivajiensis and Algoriphagus alkaliphilus with sequence similarities of 97.4, 97.3 and 97.2 % respectively. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 43.9 mol%. The quinone system contained menaquinone MK-7 as the sole component. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 9 (10-methyl C16 : 0 and/or iso-C17 : 1 ω9c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω 7c) and iso-C16 : 0. Major polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids. On the basis of physiological, chemotaxonomic and molecular properties as well as phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain N3T should be placed into the genus Algoriphagus as a novel species, for which the name Algoriphagus lacus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is N3T (=KCTC 62622T=MCCC 1H00308T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 473-480, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633480

RESUMO

Three groups of Gram-stain-negative, obligately anaerobic, rod or coccoid-shaped bacteria, which were phylogenetically assigned in the genus Alistipes belonging to the family Rikenellaceae in the phylum Bacteroidetes, were isolated from the faecal samples of healthy Japanese humans. Group I (strains 5CBH24T and 6CPBBH3) showed highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to 'Alistipes obesi' ph8T (99.73 %). Group II (strain 5CPEGH6T) was related to Alistipes shahii WAL 8301T (96.82 %). Ten strains of group III (3BBH6T, 5CPYCFAH4, 5NYCFAH2 and others) were related to Alistipes onderdonkii DSM 19147T (98.96 %). Group I could be differentiated from other strains by the ability to hydrolyse aesculin and the lack of catalase activity. Strain 5CPEGH6T could be differentiated from A. shahii JCM 16773T by the inability to hydrolyse aesculin and the lack of catalase activity, and so on. Phenotypic characteristics of group III were similar to those of A. onderdonkii JCM 16771T. Strains 5CBH24T, 6CPBBH3 and 'A. obesi' ph8T shared 98.8-98.9 % average nucleotide identity (ANI) with each other. In addition, the in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values among three strains were 86.7-89.4 %. Strain 5CPEGH6T showed relatively low values (≤ 84.4 % for ANI ; ≤26.2 % for DDH) with other strains. Three strains in the group III (3BBH6T, 5CPYCFAH4 and 5NYCFAH2) shared 97.9-99.9% ANI with each other. These three strains showed 96.9-97.3 % ANI with A. onderdonkii DSM 19147T. The DDH values of strains 3BBH6T, 5CPYCFAH4 and 5NYCFAH2 among themselves were 80.5-99.8 %, while those compared to A. onderdonkii DSM 19147T were 71.0-73.4 %. On the basis of the collected data, three novel species, Alistipes communis sp. nov. (5CBH24T=JCM 32850T=DSM 108979T), Alistipes dispar sp. nov. (5CPEGH6T=JCM 32848T=DSM 108978T) and Alistipes onderdonkii subsp. vulgaris subsp. nov. (3BBH6T=JCM 32839T=DSM 108977T), are proposed.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Humanos , Japão , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 321-326, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639076

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and facultatively anaerobic strain, designated CG51T, was isolated from marine sediment collected from a coastal area in Weihai, PR China. Strain CG51T grew at 4-37 °C (optimum, 28-30 °C), with 1.0-6.0 % (w/v) NaCl (2.0-3.0 %) and at pH 6.0-8.5 (pH 7.0-7.5). The predominant fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C14 : 0. Major polar lipids included an unidentified lipid and a phospholipid. The respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the genomic DNA G+C content was 35.9 mol%. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed strain CG51T in the genus Labilibacter with the close relatives being Labilibacter marinus Y11T and Labilibacter aurantiacus HQYD1T, exhibiting 96.5 and 96.3 % 16S rRNA pairwise similarity, values which are clearly below the 98.7 % threshold value recommended for species demarcation. Based on the phylogenetic, physiological, chemotaxonomic and genetic data, strain CG51T represents a novel species within the genus Labilibacter, for which the name Labilibacter sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CG51T (=MCCC 1K03739T=JCM 33138T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1404-1411, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851601

RESUMO

An isolate, designated TTM-7T, recovered from a freshwater river in Taiwan, was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and an up-to-date bacterial core gene set (92 protein clusters) indicated that strain TTM-7T is affiliated with species in the genus Lacibacter. Strain TTM-7T was most closely related to Lacibacter cauensis NJ-8T with a 98.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, followed by Lacibacter daechungensis H32-4T (97.4 %) and Lacibacter nakdongensis SS2-56T (96.3 %). Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile by gliding, rod-shaped and formed orange colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 25 °C, pH 7 and 0 % NaCl. The major fatty acids of strain TTM-7T were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH) and iso-C15 : 1 G. The predominant hydroxy fatty acid was iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The polar lipid profile consisted of a mixture of phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminoglycolipids, five unidentified aminophospholipids and one unidentified lipid. The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. Genomic DNA G+C content of strain TTM-7T was 40.6 mol%. Strain TTM-7T showed 83.6 % average nucleotide identity and 16.0 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization identity with Lacibacter cauensis NJ-8T. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic properties and phylogenetic inference, strain TTM-7T should be classified in a novel species of the genus Lacibacter, for which the name Lacibacter luteus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TTM-7T (=BCRC 81159T=LMG 30926T=KCTC 62870T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Rios/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Taiwan , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(12): 3723-3727, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693474

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile bacterial strain, designated SW125T, was isolated from a deep-sea vsediment sample collected from the Indian Ocean. Cells were aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. The strain grew at 4-42 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-7.6) and in the presence of 0.5-9.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.0-3.0 %). Comparative analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain SW125T was grouped in the vicinity of the genus Negadavirga with the highest sequence similarity of 91.6 % to the type strain of Negadavirga shengliensis. The quinone system contained menaquinone MK-7 as the predominant component. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain SW125T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). Strain SW125T contained phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipid. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain SW125T was 43.2 mol%. On the basis of its phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic data, strain SW125T represents a novel species of a new genus, for which the name Pleomorphovibrio marinus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SW125T (=CGMCC 1.16172T=DSM 107180T=KCTC 62636T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(7): 2108-2113, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663498

RESUMO

Strain M8-2T, which was isolated from brackish lake water (Lake Sanaru) in Japan, was characterized for representation of a novel species in the genus Algoriphagus. Cells of strain M8-2T were aerobic, Gram-stain-negative and curved-rod-shaped (0.2-0.5 µm wide and 0.7-1.9 µm long). Strain M8-2T grew optimally at 30 °C, pH 6.5-7.5 and in the presence of 0.5-1.0 % (w/v) NaCl. MK-7 was the sole isoprenoid quinone. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified polar lipid. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain M8-2T belonged to the genus Algoriphagus and was closely related to Algoriphagus aquatilis A8-7T, Algoriphagus boseongensis BS-R1T, Algoriphagus aquaeductus T4T, Algoriphagus olei CC-Hsuan-617T, Algoriphagusshivajiensis NIO-S3T and Algoriphagus mannitolivorans DSM 15301T with sequence similarities of 96.6-97.4 %. Results of average nucleotide identity (<75 %) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (<19 %) studies showed that M8-2T was distinct from its phylogenetic relatives. Based on the results of tests for acid production, the predominant cellular fatty acid composition, the DNA G+C content and phylogenetic position, a novel species in the genus Algoriphagus, with the name Algoriphagussanaruensis sp. nov., is proposed for strain M8-2T (=JCM 31446T=LMG 29969T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Japão , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 504, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triatomine bugs are vectors of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes Chagas disease. Rhodnius pallescens is a major vector of Chagas disease in Panama. Understanding the microbial ecology of disease vectors is important in the development of vector management strategies that target vector survival and fitness. In this study we examined the whole-body microbial composition of R. pallescens from three locations in Panama. METHODS: We collected 89 R. pallescens specimens using Noireau traps in Attalea butyracea palms. We then extracted total DNA from whole-bodies of specimens and amplified bacterial microbiota using 16S rRNA metabarcoding PCR. The 16S libraries were sequenced on an Illumina MiSeq and analyzed using QIIME2 software. RESULTS: We found Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes to be the most abundant bacterial phyla across all samples. Geographical location showed the largest difference in microbial composition with northern Veraguas Province having the most diversity and Panama Oeste Province localities being most similar to each other. Wolbachia was detected in high abundance (48-72%) at Panama Oeste area localities with a complete absence of detection in Veraguas Province. No significant differences in microbial composition were detected between triatomine age class, primary blood meal source, or T. cruzi infection status. CONCLUSIONS: We found biogeographical regions differ in microbial composition among R. pallescens populations in Panama. While overall the microbiota has bacterial taxa consistent with previous studies in triatomine microbial ecology, locality differences are an important observation for future studies. Geographical heterogeneity in microbiomes of vectors is an important consideration for future developments that leverage microbiomes for disease control.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Doença de Chagas/transmissão , Insetos Vetores/microbiologia , Microbiota , Rhodnius/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Análise de Variância , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Bacteroidetes/genética , Biodiversidade , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Ecossistema , Firmicutes/classificação , Firmicutes/genética , Biblioteca Gênica , Humanos , Insetos Vetores/fisiologia , Panamá , Filogeografia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Proteobactérias/classificação , Proteobactérias/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/química , Rhodnius/fisiologia
18.
Curr Microbiol ; 76(12): 1525-1530, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602501

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, oval-shaped, and light red pigmented bacterium, designated T6-1T, was isolated from the mash of wine collected from a wine-making laboratory simulated fermenter located in Beijing, China. The optimal growth of T6-1T occurred at 30 °C, pH 7.0 with 1% NaCl. The sole respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7). The principal cellular fatty acids (>5%) were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3OH, C16:1 ω5c, and iso-C17:0. The major polar lipids were PE (phosphatidylethanolamine), PL (unidentified phospholipid), and L1-2 (unidentified lipids). 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain T6-1T belonged to the genus Pontibacter. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain T6-1T was most similar to Pontibacter amylolyticus 9-2T (95.92%). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain T6-1 was 50.34 mol%. The digital DNA-DNA relatedness and average nucleotide identity value between T6-1T and 9-2T was 20.20% and 74.18%, respectively. Polyphasic taxonomy analysis indicated that strain T6-1T represents a novel species of the genus Pontibacter, for which the name Pontibacter beigongshangensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain T6-1T (= CGMCC 1.17104T = KCTC 72413T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Vinho/microbiologia , Bacteroidetes/química , Bacteroidetes/citologia , Bacteroidetes/genética , Composição de Bases , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(12): 3885-3890, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490112

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped, cold-tolerant bacterium, designated F01003T, was isolated from soil sampled near Happiness Bay on the west coast of Antarctica. Strain F01003T was found to grow at 4-30 °C (optimum, 25 °C), pH 5.5-8.0 (pH 6.5-7.0) and in the presence of 0-1 % NaCl (0 %, w/v). Cells were oxidase-positive and catalase-positive. Strain F01003T contained menaquinone 7 (MK-7) as the predominant respiratory quinone. The main cellular fatty acids included summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c) and iso-C15 : 0. Phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified aminolipid were identified as the major polar lipids. The DNA G+C content of strain F01003T was 44.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the nearly full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain F01003T was most closely related to the genus Mucilaginibacter and exhibited the highest sequence similarity to Mucilaginibacter phyllosphaerae LMG 29118T (97.3 %). On the basis of the evidence presented in this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain F01003T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibactergilvus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is F01003T (=KCTC 62991T=CCTCC AB 2019023T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Regiões Antárticas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 1): 113190, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541828

RESUMO

Microbial diversity in machine oil contaminated soil was determined by high-throughput amplicon sequencing technology. The diversity of culturable microbes in the contaminated soil was further characterized using polymerase chain reaction method. Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes were the most dominant phyla and occupied 52.73 and 16.77%, respectively, while the most abundant genera were Methylotenera (21.62%) and Flavobacterium (3.06%) in the soil. In the culturable microbes, the major phyla were Firmicutes (46.15%) and Proteobacteria (37.36%) and the most abundant genera were Bacillus (42.86%) and Aeromonas (34.07%). Four isolated microbes with high machine oil degradation efficiency were selected to evaluate their characteristics on the oil degradation. All of them reached their highest oil degradation rate after 7 days of incubation. Most of them significantly increased their oil degradation rate by additional carbon or organic nitrogen source in the incubation medium. The oil degradation rate by combination of the four microbes at the same inoculation level was also higher than the rate from each individual microbe. The protocol and findings of this study are very useful for developing micro-bioremediation method to eliminate machine oil contaminants from soil.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/metabolismo , Óleos/análise , Petróleo/análise , Proteobactérias/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Solo/química , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Biodegradação Ambiental , Carbono/análise , Lubrificantes/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Proteobactérias/classificação , Proteobactérias/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia do Solo
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