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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 297: 122399, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759855

RESUMO

Lignin nano-/microstructures are widely employed for agricultural drug delivery and heavy metal removal from wastewater, and facile low-cost methods of their large-scale production are therefore highly sought after. Herein, uniform-morphology polydisperse lignin microspheres were directly extracted from black liquor by lowering its pH to <4 followed by hydrothermal treatment and featured several lignin-typical characteristics, e.g., functional groups, thermal stability, amorphousness, and monolignol units. It was assumed that lignin rearranged and assembled into microspheres of various size, shape, and uniformity depending on pH, temperature, and hydrothermal treatment time. Lignin microsphere extraction efficiency was estimated as 15.87-21.62 g L-1, and the average size of microspheres obtained under different conditions was calculated as ∼1 µm, while the C, H, O, and N contents equaled 48-62, 5-6, 30-36, and 0.2-1.5%, respectively. Thus, our method was deemed suitable for direct large-scale extraction of lignin microspheres from black liquor.


Assuntos
Lignina , Águas Residuárias , Bebidas Alcoólicas , Microesferas , Temperatura Ambiente
2.
Food Chem ; 303: 125405, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466029

RESUMO

The study aimed at evaluating the influence of fermented sugarcane molasses ageing on lees and the distillation process used for the production of rums. Molasses were freshly fermented or 3-months lees aged. Batch (PS: Pot Still) or continuous (CS: Coffey Still) distillation was carried out resulting in four different rum distillates. Gas chromatography and 3D-fluorescence enabled to differentiate rum distillates chemical composition according to the distillation process, regardless of the ageing on lees of fermented molasses. Differences in fluorescent PARAFAC components and volatile acids, acetals and carbonyls contents revealed the predominance of the physicochemical processes driven at the liquid-vapor interface of fermented molasses, generated by the distillation systems. Notwithstanding the distilling conditions, the long chain fatty ester content was significantly higher in the 3-months lees aged condition. Multivariate analysis highlighted that CS rum distillates were chemically more homogeneous than those obtained by PS that preserved the lees effect.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Destilação/métodos , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Melaço/análise , Saccharum/química , Cromatografia Gasosa , Fermentação , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Food Chem ; 305: 125511, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610421

RESUMO

Honey spirit is an alcoholic beverage produced by fermentation followed by distillation of the honey must, which has distinct organoleptic characteristics derived mostly from the raw material used. In order to accurately monitor the quality of the product throughout the distillation process (head, heart and tail stages), FT-RAMAN spectroscopy was applied. Dark honey, light honey and honey obtained following waxes' wash was used to produce honey spirit. The pH, alcoholic strength, methanol content, acetaldehyde content, ethyl acetate content and higher alcohols content were evaluated during the distillation process. The FT-RAMAN technique was used to obtain spectral information for all fractions collected during beverage production. The results suggest that the honey spirit had good quality concerning the volatile composition and methanol was not detected in any sample. FT-RAMAN is promising for the online monitoring of the distillation process in order to improve the final quality of this beverage.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Destilação/métodos , Mel/análise , Análise Espectral Raman , Qualidade dos Alimentos
5.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 343-353, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Herbs are rich in various beneficial bioactive compounds and they can be used for many different purposes. One of the most common is maceration of herbs in alcohol. Different substances respond differently to extraction in prepared solutions. It is very important to enhance the highest proportion of beneficial ingredients during the maceration process in a herbal liqueur. A comparative analysis of numerous different phenolic compounds from eight of the most frequently used herbs for making aperitifs in Europe was performed. RESULTS: In the comparison among all studied herbs, the highest phenolic content was found with Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) (14.61 mg g-1 ) and Mentha piperita (peppermint) (13.89 mg g-1 ), while the lowest content was found with Centaurium erythraea (common centaury) (3.96 mg g-1 ). Salvianolic acid isomers and caffeic acid derivatives were the greatest contributors to the total phenolic content in lemon balm, wormwood, peppermint, fennel and sage. These compounds contain more hydroxyl groups and they were better extracted at the beginning of the maceration process. Caraway and common centaury contain more flavonols (quercetin and kaempferol derivatives), with higher chemical stability and fewer hydroxyl groups in their structure. CONCLUSION: The compositions of eight herbal liqueurs were highly related to the presence of different herbal ingredients and their solubility in the extract over time. Most flavonol derivatives were extracted over a longer time and the two liqueurs (common centaury and caraway) therefore had the highest phenolic contents after 3 weeks of maceration. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Artemisia/química , Carum/química , Centaurium/química , Europa (Continente) , Manipulação de Alimentos , Isomerismo , Mentha piperita/química , Fenóis/química
6.
Food Chem ; 306: 125623, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606633

RESUMO

In this study, apple juice was fermented using Hanseniaspora osmophila X25-5 in pure culture as well as mixed culture with Torulaspora quercuum X24-4, which was inoculated simultaneously or sequentially. H. osmophila inhibited the growth of T. quercuum, while T. quercuum had little effect on the growth of H. osmophila. The simultaneous fermentation consumed relatively more sugar and resulted in the highest ethanol content. The production of organic acids varied depending on the yeast species employed and inoculation modality. Esters and alcohols were the main volatile families produced during fermentation, while ethyl esters and terpenes contributed most to the temperate fruity aroma. Gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) showed that 3-methyl-1-butanol, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, phenylethyl alcohol, ß-phenethyl acetate, and ß-damascenone were the most potent odorants in all samples. This study suggested that simultaneous fermentation with H. osmophila and T. quercuum might represent a novel strategy for the future production of cider.


Assuntos
Acetatos/análise , Fermentação , Hanseniaspora/metabolismo , Malus/metabolismo , Odorantes/análise , Torulaspora/metabolismo , Bebidas Alcoólicas , Cromatografia Gasosa , Ésteres/análise , Frutas/química , Norisoprenoides/análise , Olfatometria , Vinho/análise
7.
J Law Med ; 26(4): 786-799, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682357

RESUMO

In 2004 legislators in New South Wales relied on Australia's National Competition Policy to change the reason for determining alcohol outlet approvals from a "needs" to a "harm minimisation" basis. This was predicated on the application of a rational social impact assessment (SIA) process. Within a short time, however, the volume of liquor licence applications began to erode that intention and the delays that applicants encountered placed politicians under pressure to fast-track the process. Subsequent liquor legislation retained the statutory obligation on decision-makers to ensure no overall detrimental social impact associated with the approval of an alcohol outlet licence. However, legislative amendments to the approval process reduced the number and kinds of licences and authorisations to which the social impact test applied and encouraged other shortcuts which undermine the validity of these assessments. The resulting statutory approval system in practice relegates SIA to an exception rather than the rule and has revealed the relative weakness of SIA as a public health safeguard.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Mudança Social , Bebidas Alcoólicas , Austrália , Comércio , New South Wales
8.
MMW Fortschr Med ; 161(19): 32, 2019 11.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691227
9.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1323, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the prevention paradox, the majority of alcohol-related harms in the population occur among low-to-moderate risk drinkers, simply because they are more numerous in the population, although high-risk drinkers have a higher individual risk of experiencing alcohol-related harms. In this study we explored the prevention paradox in the Irish population by comparing alcohol-dependent drinkers (high-risk) to low-risk drinkers and non-dependent drinkers who engage in heavy episodic drinking (HED). METHODS: Data were generated from the 2013 National Alcohol Diary Survey (NADS), a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of Irish adults aged 18-75. Data were available for 4338 drinkers. Respondents dependent on alcohol (as measured by DSM-IV criteria), respondents who engaged in monthly HED or occasional HED (1-11 times a year) and low-risk drinkers were compared for distribution of eight alcohol-related harms. RESULTS: Respondents who were dependent on alcohol had a greater individual risk of experiencing each harm (p < .0001). The majority of the harms in the population were accounted for by drinkers who were not dependent on alcohol. Together, monthly and occasional HED drinkers accounted for 62% of all drinkers, consumed 70% of alcohol and accounted for 59% of alcohol-related harms. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the majority of alcohol consumption and related harms in the Irish population are accounted for by low- and moderate-risk drinkers, and specifically by those who engage in heavy episodic drinking. A population-based approach to reducing alcohol-related harm is most appropriate in the Irish context. Immediate implementation of the measures in the Public Health (Alcohol) Act (2018) is necessary to reduce alcohol-related harm in Ireland.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool/epidemiologia , Intoxicação Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Bebidas Alcoólicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Food Sci ; 84(11): 3156-3162, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599973

RESUMO

This research is aimed to observe the impact of pulsed electric field (PEF) application on the free amino acids, physicochemical characteristics, and bioactive components of alcoholic beverages processed from date palm fruits. The fruits were treated by PEF (frequency: 10 Hz, treatment time: 100 µs, pulses number: 40 µs for electric field: 1.38, 2.02, and 2.92 kV/cm, respectively). A significant increase (P < 0.05) in the total free amino acids and phenolic and flavonoid contents (2.92 > 2.02 > 1.38 kV/cm) was observed. There was a minor significant difference among the treated samples in the total soluble solid, alcohol, and total sugar contents, while there were no significant changes in the other parameters, including the color attributes. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: This study observed whether PEF treatment has a positive impact on the processing of alcoholic beverages of date palm fruits. PEF was found to improve the bioactive components and nutritional value of alcoholic beverages processed from date palm fruits. This finding suggests that PEF can be a better technique to enhance the quality characteristics of date palm fruit alcoholic beverages.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Aminoácidos/análise , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Frutas/química , Phoeniceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Fenômenos Químicos , Eletricidade , Flavonoides/análise , Fenóis/análise
13.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(4): 531-536, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome(MS) among Chinese men and women aged 18 years and older. METHODS: The 2010᾿012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey(CNNHS) used multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method to select study participants. Basic information, health-related behaviors and diseases history were collected by questionnaire. Drink information was collected by food frequency questionnaire. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the updated NCEP ATP III criteria. A total of 102 591 participants aged 18 years and older were included in the analysis. Logistic regression model was performed to examine the association between alcohol consumption and MS. Restricted cubic spline(RCS) was performed to explore the dose response relation of alcohol intake and MS. RESULTS: The drink rate was 33. 66% in Chinese adults aged 18 years and older. Compared with non-drinkers, men who consumed⇿0 g/time had a lower MS prevalence(OR=0. 77, 95%CI 0. 66-0. 90). There was a linear dose response association between alcohol intake and MS among men but not among women. In men, there was no association between drinking type and MS. The OR of MS were 0. 91(95%CI 0. 81-1. 03), 0. 90(95%CI 0. 75-1. 08), 0. 85(95%CI 0. 54-1. 36), and 0. 96(95%CI 0. 84-1. 10) among men who consumed liquor, beer, wine, and mixed liquor. Compared with non-drinkers, women who drink liquor or mixed liquor had a decrease MS prevalence. The OR were 0. 74(95%CI 0. 56-0. 98) and 0. 78(95%CI 0. 66-0. 91). The association between drinking frequency and MS had no statistical significance and the P-trend was 0. 11 in men and 0. 31 in women. CONCLUSION: There is a linear dose response association between alcohol intake and MS among men but not in women. Men consumed >20 g/time have an increased MS prevalence.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Bebidas Alcoólicas , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Vinho
14.
BMJ ; 366: l5274, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the immediate impact of the introduction of minimum unit pricing in Scotland on household alcohol purchases. DESIGN: Controlled interrupted time series analysis. SETTING: Purchase data from Kantar Worldpanel's household shopping panel for 2015-18. PARTICIPANTS: 5325 Scottish households, 54 807 English households as controls, and 10 040 households in northern England to control for potential cross border effects. INTERVENTIONS: Introduction of a minimum price of 50p (€0.55; $0.61) per UK unit (6.25p per gram) for the sale of alcohol in Scotland on 1 May 2018. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Price per gram of alcohol, number of grams of alcohol purchased from off-trade by households, and weekly household expenditure on alcohol. RESULTS: The introduction of minimum unit pricing in Scotland was associated with an increase in purchase price of 0.64p per gram of alcohol (95% confidence interval 0.54 to 0.75), a reduction in weekly purchases of 9.5 g of alcohol per adult per household (5.1 to 13.9), and a non-significant increase in weekly expenditure on alcohol per household of 61p (-5 to 127). The increase in purchase price was higher in lower income households and in households that purchased the largest amount of alcohol. The reduction in purchased grams of alcohol was greater in lower income households and only occurred in the top fifth of households by income that purchased the greatest amount of alcohol, where the reduction was 15 g of alcohol per week (6 to 24). Changes in weekly expenditure were not systematically related to household income but increased with increasing household purchases. CONCLUSIONS: In terms of immediate impact, the introduction of minimum unit pricing appears to have been successful in reducing the amount of alcohol purchased by households in Scotland. The action was targeted, in that reductions of purchased alcohol only occurred in the households that bought the most alcohol.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Bebidas Alcoólicas/economia , Comércio , Comportamento do Consumidor/economia , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Reino Unido
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(50): 13870-13881, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544459

RESUMO

Qingke liquor is a very famous Tibetan alcoholic beverage made from "Qingke", hull-less highland barley, which is exclusively grown in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau with an average altitude of 4000 m. Qingke liquor made in such an area whose quality or characteristics is a result of its geographic environment, including natural and human culture. In this study, the aroma compounds in two Qingke liquors made from highland barley grown at different elevations (QKH, high elevation, and QKL, low elevation) were compared by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA), aroma intensity (Osme), odor activity values (OAVs, ratio of concentration to odor threshold), and aroma recombination. Results revealed ethyl acetate, ethyl 2-methyl propanoate, ethyl butanoate, ethyl 3-methyl butanoate, ethyl pentanoate, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl octanoate, 3-methylbutanal, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 1-octen-3-ol, ß-damascenone, 2,3-butanedione (diacetyl), acetoin, and 2-methoxyphenol (OAV ≥ 10) as important aroma active compounds to Qingke liquors. However, QKH had higher OAVs for most of the compounds than that of QKL. An aroma recombination study confirmed the analysis of aroma-active compounds in Qingke liquor, whereas the aroma emission test demonstrated 3-methylbutanal as the key aroma compound for both Qingke liquors.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química , Adulto , Feminino , Aromatizantes/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Masculino , Odorantes/análise , Olfato , Tibet
17.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD012573, 2019 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overconsumption of food, alcohol, and tobacco products increases the risk of non-communicable diseases. Interventions to change characteristics of physical micro-environments where people may select or consume these products - including shops, restaurants, workplaces, and schools - are of considerable public health policy and research interest. This review addresses two types of intervention within such environments: altering the availability (the range and/or amount of options) of these products, or their proximity (the distance at which they are positioned) to potential consumers. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the impact on selection and consumption of altering the availability or proximity of (a) food (including non-alcoholic beverages), (b) alcohol, and (c) tobacco products.2. To assess the extent to which the impact of these interventions is modified by characteristics of: i. studies, ii. interventions, and iii. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and seven other published or grey literature databases, as well as trial registries and key websites, up to 23 July 2018, followed by citation searches. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials with between-participants (parallel group) or within-participants (cross-over) designs. Eligible studies compared effects of exposure to at least two different levels of availability of a product or its proximity, and included a measure of selection or consumption of the manipulated product. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used a novel semi-automated screening workflow and applied standard Cochrane methods to select eligible studies, collect data, and assess risk of bias. In separate analyses for availability interventions and proximity interventions, we combined results using random-effects meta-analysis and meta-regression models to estimate summary effect sizes (as standardised mean differences (SMDs)) and to investigate associations between summary effect sizes and selected study, intervention, or participant characteristics. We rated the certainty of evidence for each outcome using GRADE. MAIN RESULTS: We included 24 studies, with the majority (20/24) giving concerns about risk of bias. All of the included studies investigated food products; none investigated alcohol or tobacco. The majority were conducted in laboratory settings (14/24), with adult participants (17/24), and used between-participants designs (19/24). All studies were conducted in high-income countries, predominantly in the USA (14/24).Six studies investigated availability interventions, of which two changed the absolute number of different options available, and four altered the relative proportion of less-healthy (to healthier) options. Most studies (4/6) manipulated snack foods or drinks. For selection outcomes, meta-analysis of three comparisons from three studies (n = 154) found that exposure to fewer options resulted in a large reduction in selection of the targeted food(s): SMD -1.13 (95% confidence interval (CI) -1.90 to -0.37) (low certainty evidence). For consumption outcomes, meta-analysis of three comparisons from two studies (n = 150) found that exposure to fewer options resulted in a moderate reduction in consumption of those foods, but with considerable uncertainty: SMD -0.55 (95% CI -1.27 to 0.18) (low certainty evidence).Eighteen studies investigated proximity interventions. Most (14/18) changed the distance at which a snack food or drink was placed from the participants, whilst four studies changed the order of meal components encountered along a line. For selection outcomes, only one study with one comparison (n = 41) was identified, which found that food placed farther away resulted in a moderate reduction in its selection: SMD -0.65 (95% CI -1.29 to -0.01) (very low certainty evidence). For consumption outcomes, meta-analysis of 15 comparisons from 12 studies (n = 1098) found that exposure to food placed farther away resulted in a moderate reduction in its consumption: SMD -0.60 (95% CI -0.84 to -0.36) (low certainty evidence). Meta-regression analyses indicated that this effect was greater: the farther away the product was placed; when only the targeted product(s) was available; when participants were of low deprivation status; and when the study was at high risk of bias. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The current evidence suggests that changing the number of available food options or altering the positioning of foods could contribute to meaningful changes in behaviour, justifying policy actions to promote such changes within food environments. However, the certainty of this evidence as assessed by GRADE is low or very low. To enable more certain and generalisable conclusions about these potentially important effects, further research is warranted in real-world settings, intervening across a wider range of foods - as well as alcohol and tobacco products - and over sustained time periods.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/provisão & distribução , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública , Produtos do Tabaco/provisão & distribução , Meio Ambiente , Humanos , Restaurantes , Instituições Acadêmicas , Local de Trabalho
18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(38): 10694-10701, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476866

RESUMO

Too large of a higher alcohol content has negative effects on the liquor taste and health. Revealing the key microbes and their key driving forces is essential to regulate the higher alcohol content in spontaneous liquor fermentation. Herein, we used high-throughput sequencing associated with a multivariate statistical algorithm to reveal the contributing microbes for higher alcohol production in Chinese light-aroma-type liquor and identified that Saccharomyces and Pichia were the main contributors. In addition, the C/N ratio and microbial interaction were found to significantly affect the production of higher alcohols. Herein, we used response surface methodology to establish a predictive model for higher alcohol production with the regulating factors, and the content of total higher alcohols decreased significantly from 328.80 ± 24.83 to 114.88 ± 5.02 mg/L with the optimized levels of the regulators. This work would facilitate the control of flavor production via regulating microbial communities in food fermentation.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/microbiologia , Álcoois/metabolismo , Interações Microbianas , Pichia/fisiologia , Saccharomyces/fisiologia , Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Álcoois/análise , Aromatizantes/metabolismo
19.
Rev. argent. salud publica ; 10(40): 32-38, 30 de septiembre 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS, ARGMSAL | ID: biblio-1024651

RESUMO

El consumo de tabaco, alcohol y otras drogas comienza generalmente en la adolescencia. En Argentina, sucede a edades cada vez más tempranas. El objetivo de este estudio fue explorar factores sociales y personales predictores del inicio del consumo en adolescentes del país. MÉTODOS: En 2014 se realizó una encuesta anónima autoadministrada en estudiantes de primer año del secundario en 33 escuelas públicas y privadas de Buenos Aires, Córdoba y Tucumán, que se repitió en los mismos alumnos en 2015. Incluyó aspectos sociodemográficos, personales, consumo de tabaco en familiares y amigos, y consumo personal de tabaco, alcohol, marihuana y paco o cocaína. Mediante regresión logística multinivel con intercepto aleatorio según escuela, se determinó la asociación entre las variables independientes y el inicio del consumo de cada sustancia durante el seguimiento. RESULTADOS: En 2014 respondieron 3172 alumnos, de los cuales 2018 (64%) completaron la segunda encuesta. En 2015 hubo 16,4% de incidencia de consumo de tabaco, 49,8% de consumo de alcohol y 10,8% de drogas ilícitas. Ser mujer y tener un índice de búsqueda de sensaciones alto fueron predictores del consumo de tabaco y alcohol, y haber fumado, bebido, tener amigos que consumen y mayor edad fueron predictores del consumo de drogas ilícitas. CONCLUSIONES: Es importante identificar a los alumnos con un índice de búsqueda de sensaciones alto, que es el factor de riesgo común al inicio del consumo de todas las sustancias


Assuntos
Tabaco , Adolescente , Bebidas Alcoólicas
20.
AIDS Behav ; 23(12): 3237-3246, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401740

RESUMO

Despite greater mental health co-morbidities and heavier alcohol use among PLWH, few studies have examined the role of the neighborhood alcohol environment on either alcohol consumption or mental health. Utilizing cross-sectional data from a cohort study in a southern U.S. metropolitan area, we examine the association between neighborhood alcohol environments on hazardous drinking and mental health among 358 in-care PLWH (84% African American, 31% female). Multilevel models were utilized to quantify associations between neighborhood alcohol exposure on hazardous drinking and effect modification by sex. Neighborhood alcohol density was associated with hazardous drinking among men but not women. Women living in alcohol dense neighborhoods were nearly two-fold likely to report depression compared to those in less dense neighborhoods, with no association between neighborhood alcohol density and depression among men. Neighborhood alcohol environments may be an important contextual factor to consider in reducing heavy alcohol consumption and improving mental health among PLWH.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Bebidas Alcoólicas/provisão & distribução , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Meio Social , Adulto , Afro-Americanos , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Bebidas Alcoólicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Áreas de Pobreza , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana
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