Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.291
Filtrar
1.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 27: e27015, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154943

RESUMO

Resumen El presente trabajo muestra algunos de los resultados que han derivado del estudio de investigación realizado en la tesis doctoral "Pedagogía de la Posibilidad. Estudio narrativo sobre el proceso educativo y resiliente de dos personas diagnosticadas de Síndrome de Asperger". Desde el enfoque de la investigación biográfica narrativa y a partir del análisis de los relatos de vida de Isabel y Emmit, nos acercamos a sus respectivas experiencias deportivas intra y extraescolares. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las potencialidades y debilidades de estas prácticas como vehículo de socialización. Sus narraciones nos trasladan a escenarios escolares en los que la Educación Física ha estado limitada a ciertos deportes de equipo y a actividades deportivas que no han estado adaptadas a sus necesidades motoras y/o hipersensoriales, y a actividades deportivas extraescolares que, en cierta medida, han potenciado el desarrollo de un proceso resiliente. Sus relatos muestran escenarios deportivos que, bien por limitaciones formativas o desinterés del profesorado, no se han adaptado a sus necesidades deportivas y sociales.


Resumo O presente trabalho mostra alguns dos resultados derivados do estudo de investigação realizado na tese de doutorado "Pedagogía de la Posibilidad. Estudio narrativo sobre el proceso educativo y resiliente de dos personas diagnosticadas de Síndrome de Asperger". A partir do enfoque da investigação biográfica narrativa e das análises dos relatos de vida de Isabel e Emmit, abordamos suas respectivas experiências desportivas intra e extraescolares. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar as potencialidades e debilidades destas práticas como veículos de socialização. Suas narrativas nos transportam a cenários escolares em que a Educação Física tem estado limitada a certos esportes de equipe e a atividades desportivas que não estão adaptadas a suas necessidades motoras e/ou hipersensoriais, e a atividades desportivas extraescolares que em certa medida têm potencializado o desenvolvimento de um processo resiliente. Seus relatos mostram cenários desportivos que por limitações formativas ou desinteresse dos professores não estão adaptados as suas necessidades pessoais e sociais.


Abstract This work shows some of the results of a study conducted for the doctoral thesis Pedagogía de la Posibilidad. Estudio narrativo sobre el proceso educativo y resiliente de dos personas diagnosticadas de Síndrome de Asperger. We approach Isabel's and Emmit's in-school and after-school sports experiences from the perspective of biographical narrative research and the analysis of their life stories. The objective of this work is to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of these practices as vehicles for social integration. Their stories take us to school settings in which Physical Education has been limited to certain team sports and sports activities that have not been adapted to their motor and/or hyper sensory needs or to extracurricular sports activities that have somehow enhanced the development of a resilience process. Their stories show sports scenarios that - either because of training limitations or for lack of teachers' interest - have not been adapted to their sporting and social needs.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Educação Física e Treinamento , Socialização , Síndrome de Asperger , Resiliência Psicológica , Esportes , Ensino , Biografias como Assunto
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2345-2354, sept.-oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144738

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: El Doctor y profesor Rodrigo Álvarez Cambras, constituye una de las figuras que despuntó desde los mismos inicios del triunfo de la Revolución Cubana en las ciencias ortopédicas con repercusión en las ciencias pedagógicas y en las ciencias de la cultura física y el deporte. Objetivo: Con estas premisas decidimos hacer un Plegable o Volante de fácil manejo para el personal de las ciencias médicas, paramédicas y muy especialmente para el personal que se relaciona con la especialidad de Ortopedia y Traumatología plasmándose los aportes a las ciencias. Materiales y método: Se realiza este trabajo de corte histórico mediante sus datos biográficos y teniendo en cuenta sus principales aportes como médico, pedagogo, científico, como directivo entre otros, creando un instrumento como material complementario avalados por sus más de cinco décadas dedicadas por entero a las ciencias médicas y pedagógicas. Resultados: Se creó un instrumento que estimula al estudio de esta figura con el propósito de valorar su trabajo en beneficio de la sociedad cubana y su contribución y aportes al desarrollo de la pedagogía, el deporte y la medicina, muy específicamente de la Ortopedia y Traumatología universal (AU).


Abstract Introduction: The Doctor and professor Rodrigo Álvarez Cambras, constitutes one of the figures that stood out from the same beginnings of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in the orthopedic sciences with repercussions in the pedagogic sciences and in the sciences of the physical culture and the sport. Objective: With these premises we decided to make a Foldable or Flyer of easy handling for the personnel of the medical and paramedical sciences and very especially for the personnel that is related to the specialty of Orthopedics and Traumatology being shaped the contributions to the sciences. Materials and method: This historical work is carried out by means of its biographical data and taking into account its main contributions as a doctor, pedagogue, scientist, as a manager among others, creating an instrument as a complementary material guaranteed by its more than five decades dedicated entirely to the medical and pedagogical sciences. Results: An instrument was created that stimulates the study of this figure with the purpose of valuing his work for the benefit of Cuban society and his contribution and contributions to the development of pedagogy, sports and medicine, very specifically of Orthopedics and Universal Traumatology (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Biografias como Assunto , Docentes de Medicina/educação , Médicos/história , Ciências da Saúde , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos/educação , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos/história
3.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 23(4): 167-171, ago. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195077

RESUMO

En los últimos años ha aumentado el interés por las obras literarias como un elemento importante para comprender mejor los aspectos subjetivos del proceso de enfermar. Asimismo, se ha reconocido su valor docente en los estudios de ciencias de la salud para facilitar una visión global de la vivencia de la enfermedad. Las obras de los médicos escritores tienen la ventaja adicional de que permiten observar la realidad que vivieron bajo el doble prisma de la literatura y la medicina. En el presente artículo se muestra una visión de la formación médica durante la restauración borbónica en opinión de uno de los escritores españoles más importantes del siglo XX, Pío Baroja, a través de su novela El árbol de la ciencia, de marcado carácter autobiográfico, y de sus memorias. En ambas obras muestra una visión muy pesimista de la formación y de los profesores de la época, que es contrastada con las opiniones de otros autores. Se concluye que las obras literarias tienen interés para explicar situaciones históricas específicas, pero deben analizarse en comparación con las fuentes históricas para valorar el componente subjetivo del autor en su justa medida


In the last decades, the interest of literary works as an element to enhance the knowledge in the subjective issues of disease process has increased. Moreover, its pedagogical value in the teaching of health science students has been recognized to allow a better understanding of how patients feel their disease. The works of physicians-writers have the additional interest that they permit to observe the reality of their time under the double approach of literature and medicine. The present article shows a view of the medical training during the Spanish Restoration following the opinion of one of the most important Spanish writers of the twentieth century, Pío Baroja. For this purpose, we review his novel El árbol de la ciencia, an autobiographical work, as well as his personal memoirs. In both, Baroja had a high pessimistic view of his medical training and of his university professors that has been compared with data from other authors. We conclude that literary works of physicians-writers are of interest to learn about their specific time but should be compared with historical sources to evaluate the subjective component of each author in the right way


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Educação Médica/história , Biografias como Assunto , Literatura/história , Ensino/organização & administração , Medicina na Literatura
4.
Eur. j. anat ; 24(supl.1): 39-49, ago. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195287

RESUMO

Human faces are not usually objects of disgust. However, this can be diffuse if there are some kind of malformations or if they are masks of dead people. Corpses disgust us not only by reminding us of our mortal condition, but also by their association with immoral acts. This article proposes to analyze the relationship between the bodies and faces of corpses and their reaction with physical and moral disgust


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , Morte , Asco , Anatomia Artística , Escultura/história , Biografias como Assunto , Pessoas Famosas
5.
Index enferm ; 29(1/2): 56-59, ene.-jun. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197428

RESUMO

OBJETIVO PRINCIPAL: analizar las experiencias y el proceso de padecer un Linfoma no Hodgkin. METODOLOGÍA: se llevó a cabo un relato biográfico a través de una entrevista en profundidad. La informante es una mujer de 52 años que fue diagnosticada de Linfoma no Hodgkin de manera repentina. RESULTADOS PRINCIPALES: El Linfoma no Hodgkin es una enfermedad que produce alteraciones en el bienestar físico y emocional, afectando así a la calidad de vida de las personas. En este relato, la informante trasmite los cambios que se han ido produciendo durante su experiencia, aflorando de ella las siguientes categorías: antecedentes, historia de la enfermedad, diagnóstico, superación, dependencia y miedo a la recaída. CONCLUSIÓN PRINCIPAL: Son numerosos los sentimientos y emociones que van surgiendo durante el desarrollo de la enfermedad y en ocasiones tan determinantes como es el momento del diagnóstico. Su historia muestra que los sentimientos negativos son una parte importante del proceso y que pueden llegar a tener una repercusión drástica en el desarrollo de una vida normal


OBJECTIVE: To analyze the experiences and the process of suffering a Non Hodgkin Lymphoma. METHODS: Hence, a biographical report was carried out in the form of an in-depth interview. The patient is a 52 years-old woman who was diagnosed with a Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma unexpectedly. RESULTS: The Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is a disease that causes a change in the physical and emotional wellbeing, consequently a person's life quality. In this report, the patient addresses the changes that have appeared during the illness, from which these stages emerge: personal background, the illness' development, diagnosis, overcoming of the illness, dependency and a fear for the illness to relapse. CONCLUSIONS: Numerous feelings and emotions arise during the illness' development and occasionally in decisive situations such as at the time of the diagnosis. Her story demonstrates how negative feelings are part of the process and that they can have a drastic impact on day to day life


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traços de História de Vida , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/história , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Qualidade de Vida , Biografias como Assunto , Emoções Manifestas , Recidiva , Apoio Social , Linfoma não Hodgkin/psicologia
6.
Rev. psiquiatr. infanto-juv ; 37(2): 7-22, abr.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194685

RESUMO

La Asociación española de psiquiatría del niño y del adolescente (AEPNyA) se fundó en Barcelona en el año 1950 como una sociedad médica que tenía como objetivo el estudio de los trastornos psiquiátricos de niños y adolescentes. Su desarrollo corre en paralelo con la de la psiquiatría infantil europea. Los fundadores fueron hombres y mujeres ilustrados, comprometidos con su tiempo y con la salud mental, la educación y los derechos de la infancia. Este artículo aborda los hitos principales de la historia de AEPNyA y distingue tres periodos: los comienzos, la fase de afianzamiento y el tiempo de la madurez. Los autores desean rendir un homenaje a los miembros fundadores y a todos aquellos que han contribuido al desarrollo de la Asociación


The Spanish Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AEPNyA) was founded in 1950 in Barcelona as a medical society, and was one of the first Societies for Child Psychiatry in Europe. Its founders were learned men and women who were concerned not only with children's psychiatric disorders, but also with their education and rights. The history of child psychiatry in Spain is intertwined with the development of this field throughout Europe. Over the course of its history, the AEPNyA has gone through several stages: its beginnings, its development, and its more established stage. This article pays tribute to the founders of the AEPNyA and to all those that have made a contribution to its development


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XX , Associações de Ajuda a Doentes Mentais/história , Psiquiatria Infantil/história , Psiquiatria do Adolescente/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Transtornos Mentais/história , Psiquiatria Infantil/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Biografias como Assunto
7.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 56(1): 23-29, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095935

RESUMO

Augusto dos Anjos (1884 - 1914) is one of the most original Brazilian poets of the twentieth century. He does not belong to a strict literary style and his poetry is marked by the use of scientific terms, by the existential suffering and by metaphysical questions. The personality of Augusto dos Anjos is described as melancholic and tormented, and he was known as "Doctor Sadness". He also had migraine. This paper reviews the biography of Augusto dos Anjos and investigates how his poetry echoes his psychopathological traits. We analyze the relations between creative genius and mental disorders. We also discuss the relations between migraine and psychopathology.


Augusto dos Anjos (1884 ­ 1914) é uma das vozes mais singulares da poesia brasileira do século XX. Sem nítida afiliação a uma escola literária específica, seus versos são marcados pelo léxico científico, pela inquietação metafísica e pelo sofrimento existencial. Observações biográficas relatam que o poeta tinha uma personalidade melancólica e angustiada, que lhe valeu a alcunha de "Doutor Tristeza". O autor também sofria de migrânea. Este trabalho revisita a biografia e a obra de Augusto dos Anjos, analisando como sua poesia repercute seus possíveis traços psicopatológicos, e discute sobre as relações entre gênio criativo e transtorno mental, além das relações entre migrânea e psicopatologia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Psicopatologia , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Biografias como Assunto , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Neurastenia
8.
Radiología (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 62(1): 67-77, ene.-feb. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194148

RESUMO

El descubrimiento de los rayos X se conoció en Málaga el 2 de marzo de 1896 mediante la prensa local, que recoge además diversas noticias sobre el uso de los rayos X y evidencias del uso literario del descubrimiento de Roentgen por periodistas y escritores de esa época. Entre ellas, destaca la existencia de un periódico administrativo y de intereses generales denominado Los Rayos X. Los primeros equipos de rayos X se instalaron progresivamente en los hospitales de la época, y la primera instalación en un gabinete médico privado data de 1900. En Málaga, la asimilación y evolución del uso diagnóstico y terapéutico de la radiología fue lenta y con peculiaridades determinadas por las circunstancias sociales, económicas y culturales de la época. La presencia de médicos relevantes y con voluntad de superación consiguió elevar la práctica médica a un nivel similar al de otras ciudades de parecidas características


On March 2, 1896, the local press in Malaga reported the discovery of X-rays, relating various news items about the use of X-rays and literature about Roentgen's discovery by journalists and other authors. Outstanding among these writings was a periodical directed at the administration and general public called Los Rayos X. Progressively, the first X-ray machines were installed in hospitals during this period, and the first installation in a private medical clinic took place in 1900. In Malaga, the assimilation and progression of the diagnostic and therapeutic use of radiology was slow and affected by peculiarities owing to the social, economic, and cultural circumstances of the period. Influential physicians willing to overcome resistance to advances were able to bring medical practice in Malaga to a level similar to that of other cities


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , Radiologia/história , Radiologia/métodos , Raios X , Biografias como Assunto , Medicina na Literatura/história , Espanha
9.
J Med Biogr ; 28(1): 1-2, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679440
11.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(10): 3651-3661, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576995

RESUMO

Our subject is a dialogue with six literary works, understood in the publishing market as biographies that consider first and second person narratives on the relationship with situations of chronic, rare or complex disease. As a theoretical essay, we try to build an argument: these biographies are public forms of people's construction and presentation; they represent the possibility of assigning a place of visibility to moral experiences, of great public appeal, but which must be recognized in health care and training as political tools for reflection on practices. Thus, they become testimonies, providing less personal life histories and more biographical paths, with an interactionist dialogue among meanings, places, people, positions, stigma, right violations and discrimination.


Assuntos
Biografias como Assunto , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Doenças Raras/psicologia , Humanos
12.
Psychother Psychosom ; 88(6): 333-340, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578017

RESUMO

Construction of a patient narrative (case history) is a core strategy in the care of patients. Recent advances in biomarker identification and digital sensors to monitor physiological and behavioral features have made constructing a case history more complex. Notably, however, although a biological profile is increasingly a part of the patient's profile, an analogous patient-based biographical (life experience) profile is typically overlooked. Evolving concepts such as allostasis and allostatic load refer to processes promoting stability of physiological systems in the presence of diverse life experiences. Integrating details of both biology and biography is a goal of "precision medicine." In this review, we describe how complex interactions between biology and biography affect disease risk and treatment response and highlight a strategy to develop narratives that establish the integration of biology and biography as the scientific basis for precision medicine.


Assuntos
Alostase/fisiologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Medicina de Precisão , Biografias como Assunto , Biologia , Humanos
13.
BMC Palliat Care ; 18(1): 79, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing the quality of life with short interventions for vulnerable patients is one of the objectives of palliative care. Biographical approaches are used in a range of different interventions which may require considerable resources of staff time and energy. This study evaluated the feasibility of training hospice volunteers in biographical interviews of patients confronted with a life-limiting disease. For the purpose of this study, we evaluated resources such as time needed for training, coordination and supervision, outcome such as completion of the intervention in appropriate time and risks such as causing distress in patients or volunteers as major determinants of feasibility. METHODS: Nine volunteers from a hospice service attended an advanced training with an introduction to palliative care, biography work, interview techniques, transcribing and writing. Volunteers interviewed a patient and developed a written narrative from the interview. Volunteers completed a questionnaire before training and were interviewed at the end of the project. The interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and evaluated using descriptive and qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Patients provided positive feedback from the intervention. Volunteers felt that their involvement was personally rewarding and were moved by the courage and confidence of the patients. There were no systematic problems or negative experiences reported neither by volunteers nor by patients. CONCLUSIONS: We found the use of volunteers for biography work with patients in palliative care feasible and effective in this study. Volunteers needed supervision and ongoing support in providing this intervention.


Assuntos
Biografias como Assunto , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Voluntários/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Voluntários/estatística & dados numéricos , Redação
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(10): 3651-3661, Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039484

RESUMO

Resumo Temos como objeto o diálogo com seis obras, entendidas no mercado editorial como biografias, que contemplam narrativas de primeira e segunda pessoa sobre a relação com situações de adoecimento crônico, raro ou complexo. Como ensaio teórico, experimentamos construir um argumento: essas biografias são formas públicas de construção e apresentação de pessoa, representam a possibilidade de atribuir um lugar de visibilidade para experiências morais, de grande apelo público, mas que precisam ser reconhecidas na atenção e formação e saúde como ferramentas políticas para reflexão sobre as práticas. Nesse sentido, passam a ser testemunhos, proporcionando menos histórias de vida particulares, e mais trajetórias biográficas, onde se coloca um diálogo interacionista entre significados, lugares, pessoas, posições, estigmas, violações de direito e discriminações.


Abstract Our subject is a dialogue with six literary works, understood in the publishing market as biographies that consider first and second person narratives on the relationship with situations of chronic, rare or complex disease. As a theoretical essay, we try to build an argument: these biographies are public forms of people's construction and presentation; they represent the possibility of assigning a place of visibility to moral experiences, of great public appeal, but which must be recognized in health care and training as political tools for reflection on practices. Thus, they become testimonies, providing less personal life histories and more biographical paths, with an interactionist dialogue among meanings, places, people, positions, stigma, right violations and discrimination.


Assuntos
Humanos , Biografias como Assunto , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Doenças Raras/psicologia
15.
Protein J ; 38(4): 363-376, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410705

RESUMO

During my postdoc interview in June of 1998, I asked Günter why he was moving more towards the nucleus in his latest studies. He said, "Well Joe, that's where everything starts." By the end of the interview, I accepted the postdoc. He had a way of making everything sound so cool. Günter's progression was natural, since the endoplasmic reticulum and the nucleus are the only organelles that share the same membrane. The nuclear envelope extends into a double membrane system with nuclear pore complexes embedded in the pore membrane openings. Even while writing this review, I remember Günter stressing; it is the nuclear pore complex. Just saying nuclear pore doesn't encompass the full magnitude of its significance. The nuclear pore complex is one of the largest collection of proteins that fit together for an overall function: transport. This review will cover the Blobel lab contributions in the quest for the blueprint of the nuclear pore complex from isolation of the nuclear envelope and nuclear lamin to the ring structures.


Assuntos
Laminas/química , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/química , Lâmina Nuclear/ultraestrutura , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/química , Poro Nuclear/ultraestrutura , Animais , Biografias como Assunto , Citoesqueleto/ultraestrutura , Pessoas Famosas , Humanos , Ratos , Leveduras
16.
World Neurosurg ; 130: e908-e914, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Textual analysis of obituaries provides insight into the shared values of a profession or community. Neurosurgeon obituaries are frequently published in both the medical literature and the lay press, but the content of these works has never been analyzed. METHODS: Using obituary pieces from Neurosurgery, Journal of Neurosurgery, and the New York Times, frequent terms were quantified through preliminary text analysis to derive the relative importance of concepts such as innovation, research, training and family. The sentiment of these obituaries was qualitatively reviewed to approximate perceptions of neurosurgical legacy within the profession and the general public. RESULTS: Thirty relevant obituaries with full text available were identified in the Journal of Neurosurgery, 14 were identified in Neurosurgery, and 23 were identified in the New York Times. Both neurosurgical journals and lay press articles relied on linear narratives, with greater emphasis on professional leadership and residency training in neurosurgical journals and proportionally greater mention of family in the lay press. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary text analysis of neurosurgeon obituaries suggest what values are shared among the professional community and general public regarding the legacy of a neurosurgeon.


Assuntos
Biografias como Assunto , Neurocirurgiões/normas , Neurocirurgiões/tendências , Jornais como Assunto/tendências , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/tendências , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
J Hist Med Allied Sci ; 74(3): 267-291, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095321

RESUMO

This article explores prisoners' observations of mental illness in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century British prisons, recorded in memoirs published following their release. The discipline of separate confinement was lauded for its potential to improve prisoners' minds, inducing reflection and reform, when it was introduced in the 1840s, but in practice led to high levels of mental breakdown. In order to maintain the integrity of the prison system, the prison authorities played down incidences of insanity, while prison chaplains lauded the beneficent influence of cellular isolation. In contrast, as this article demonstrates, prisoners' memoirs offer insights into the prevalence of mental illness in prison, and its poor management, as well as inmates' efforts to manage mental distress. As the prison system became more closed, uniform and penal after the 1860s, the volume of such publications increased. Oscar Wilde's evocative prison writings have attracted considerable attention, but he was only one of many prison authors criticizing the penal system and decrying the damage it inflicted on the mind. Exploration of prison memoirs, it is argued, enhances our understanding of experiences of mental disorder in the underexplored context of the prison, highlighting the prisoners' voice, agency and advocacy of reform.


Assuntos
Biografias como Assunto , Prisioneiros/história , Prisões/história , Transtornos Psicóticos/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/prevenção & controle , Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia
20.
Nat Hum Behav ; 3(1): 82-91, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932052

RESUMO

Collective memory and attention are sustained by two channels: oral communication (communicative memory) and the physical recording of information (cultural memory). Here, we use data on the citation of academic articles and patents, and on the online attention received by songs, movies and biographies, to describe the temporal decay of the attention received by cultural products. We show that, once we isolate the temporal dimension of the decay, the attention received by cultural products decays following a universal biexponential function. We explain this universality by proposing a mathematical model based on communicative and cultural memory, which fits the data better than previously proposed log-normal and exponential models. Our results reveal that biographies remain in our communicative memory the longest (20-30 years) and music the shortest (about 5.6 years). These findings show that the average attention received by cultural products decays following a universal biexponential function.


Assuntos
Atenção , Comunicação , Cultura , Memória , Modelos Teóricos , Bibliometria , Biografias como Assunto , Humanos , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Filmes Cinematográficos/estatística & dados numéricos , Música , Patentes como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Física/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...