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1.
Bioanalysis ; 14(5): 279-287, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35188423

RESUMO

Background: Currently, no regulatory guidelines are available for parallelism assessment for LC-MS biomarker quantification. Spike recovery, standard addition and dilutional linearity are recommended with no mention of the implications of applying these approaches. Results: Here, using human urine creatinine, the authors compared spike recovery and standard addition in LC-MS biomarker quantification, and evaluated a new hybrid approach: parallelism QCs. The authors drew different conclusions based on which approach was used (<15% cutoff). Conclusion: Current recommended approaches may lead to different conclusions and are not equivalent and interchangeable. The authors recommend that standard addition should be the universal 'go-to' method for LC-MS biomarker parallelism assessment; parallelism QCs, which consider the total concentration as the theoretical value, can be used if the authentic matrix is limited.


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Biomarcadores , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Creatinina , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
2.
Chin J Integr Med ; 28(4): 312-318, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Shenmai Injection (SMI) on the long-term prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: The Hospital Information System was used to extract data of CHF patients, and the retrospective cohort study was conducted for analysis. In non-exposed group, standardized Western medicine treatment and Chinese patent medicine or decoction were applied without combination of SMI while in the exposed group, SMI were applied for more than 7 days. Evaluation indicators are followed with New York Heart Association functional classification (NYHA classification), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide precursor (NT-ProBNP), cardiogenic death and heart failure (HF) readmission. Statistical analysis includes Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression which are used to explore the relationship between SMI and outcome events. RESULTS: A total of 1,211 eligible CHF patients were involved and finally 1,047 patients were followed up successfully. After treatment, the cases of NYHA classification decline in the exposed and non-exposed groups accounted for 64.30% and 43.45%, respectively; the improvement values of LVEF were 8.89% and 7.91%, respectively; the improvement values of NT-ProBNP were 909 pg/mL and 735 pg/mL, respectively. After exposure on SMI, the rates of cardiogenic death and HF readmission reduced from 15.43% to 10.18% and 38.93% to 32.37%. According to Kaplan-Meier analysis, the log-rank P value of SMI and cardiogenic death was 0.014, while the counterpart of SMI and HF readmission was 0.025. Cox regression analysis indicated that for cardiogenic death, age, cardiomyopathy, diabetes, and NYHA classification were risk factors while ß-blockers, aldosterone receptor antagonists, Chinese patent medicine/decoction and SMI were protective factors. Likewise, for HF readmission, age, cardiomyopathy, and NYHA classification were risk factors while SMI was a protective factor. CONCLUSION: Combination with SMI on the standardized Western medicine treatment can effectively reduce cardiogenic mortality and readmission rate in CHF patients, and thereby improve the long-term prognosis.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Biomarcadores , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico
3.
Kidney360 ; 3(7): 1158-1168, 2022 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919538

RESUMO

Background: Clinical use of biomarkers requires the development of standardized assays and establishment of cutoffs. Urinary C-C motif chemokine ligand 14 (CCL14) has been validated to predict persistent severe AKI in critically ill patients with established AKI. We now report on the performance of standardized cutoffs using a clinical assay. Methods: A second aim of the multicenter RUBY Study was to establish two cutoffs for the prediction of persistent severe AKI (defined as KDIGO stage 3 AKI for at least 72 consecutive hours). Patients who received renal replacement therapy (RRT) or died before achieving 72 hours in stage 3 AKI were also considered to have reached the end point. Results: A cutoff value for urinary CCL14 of 1.3 ng/ml was determined to achieve high sensitivity (91%; 95% CI, 84% to 96%), and 13 ng/ml achieved high specificity (93%; 95% CI, 89% to 96%). The cutoff of 1.3 ng/ml identifies the majority (91%) of patients who developed persistent severe AKI with a negative predictive value of 92%. The cutoff at 13 ng/ml had a positive predictive value of 72% (with a negative predictive value of 75%). In multivariable adjusted analyses, a CCL14 concentration between 1.3 and 13 ng/ml had an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 3.82 (95% CI, 1.73 to 9.12; P=0.001) for the development of persistent severe AKI compared with those with a CCL14 ≤1.3 ng/ml, whereas a CCL14 >13 ng/ml had an aOR of 10.4 (95% CI, 3.89 to 29.9; P<0.001). Conclusions: Using a clinical assay, these standardized cutoffs (1.3 and 13 ng/ml) allow for the identification of patients at high risk for the development of persistent severe AKI. These results have immediate utility in helping to guide AKI patient care and may facilitate future clinical trials.Clinical Trial registry name and registration number: Identification and Validation of Biomarkers of Acute Kidney Injury Recovery, NCT01868724.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Quimiocinas , Quimiocinas CC , Humanos , Ligantes , Terapia de Substituição Renal
4.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 14(1): 106, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated plasma biomarkers for neuroinflammation associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in subjects with preclinical AD compared to healthy elderly. How these biomarkers behave in patients with AD, compared to healthy elderly is well known, but determining these in subjects with preclinical AD is not and will add information related to the onset of AD. When found to be different in preclinical AD, these inflammatory biomarkers may be used to select preclinical AD subjects who are most likely to develop AD, to participate in clinical trials with new disease-modifying drugs. METHODS: Healthy elderly (n= 50; age 71.9; MMSE >24) and subjects with preclinical AD (n=50; age 73.4; MMSE >24) defined by CSF Aß1-42 levels < 1000 pg/mL were included. Four neuroinflammatory biomarkers were determined in plasma, GFAP, YKL-40, MCP-1, and eotaxin-1. Differences in biomarker outcomes were compared using ANCOVA. Subject characteristics age, gender, and APOE ε4 status were reported per group and were covariates in the ANCOVA. Least square means were calculated for all 4 inflammatory biomarkers using both the Aß+/Aß- cutoff and Ptau/Aß1-42 ratio. RESULTS: The mean (standard deviation, SD) age of the subjects (n=100) was 72.6 (4.6) years old with 62 male and 38 female subjects. Mean (SD) overall MMSE score was 28.7 (0.49) and 32 subjects were APOE ε4 carriers. The number of subjects in the different APOE ε4 status categories differed significantly between the Aß+ and Aß- groups. Plasma GFAP concentration was significantly higher in the Aß+ group compared to the Aß- group with significant covariates age and sex, variables that also correlated significantly with GFAP. CONCLUSION: GFAP was significantly higher in subjects with preclinical AD compared to healthy elderly which agrees with previous studies. When defining preclinical AD based on the Ptau181/Aß1-42 ratio, YKL-40 was also significantly different between groups. This could indicate that GFAP and YKL-40 are more sensitive markers of the inflammatory process in response to the Aß misfolding and aggregation that is ongoing as indicated by the lowered Aß1-42 levels in the CSF. Characterizing subjects with preclinical AD using neuroinflammatory biomarkers is important for subject selection in new disease-modifying clinical trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN.org identifier: ISRCTN79036545 (retrospectively registered).


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Apolipoproteína E4 , Biomarcadores , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3 , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Proteínas tau
5.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 273, 2022 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Waterlow scoring was introduced in the 1980s as a nursing tool to risk stratify for development of decubitus ulcers (pressure sores) and is commonly used in UK hospitals. Recent interest has focussed on its value as a pre-op surrogate marker for adverse surgical outcomes, but utility after kidney transplantation has never been explored. METHODS: In this single-centre observational study, data was extracted from hospital informatics systems for all kidney allograft recipients transplanted between 1st January 2007 and 30th June 2020. Waterlow scores were categorised as per national standards; 0-9 (low risk), 10-14 (at risk), 15-19 (high risk) and ≥ 20 (very high risk). Multiple imputation was used to replace missing data with substituted values. Primary outcomes of interest were post-operative length of stay, emergency re-admission within 90-days and mortality analysed by linear, logistic or Cox regression models respectively. RESULTS: Data was available for 2,041 kidney transplant patients, with baseline demographics significantly different across Waterlow categories. As a continuous variable, the median Waterlow score across the study cohort was 10 (interquartile range 8-13). As a categorical variable, Waterlow scores pre-operatively were classified as low risk (n = 557), at risk (n = 543), high risk (n = 120), very high risk (n = 27) and a large proportion of missing data (n = 794). Median length of stay in days varied significantly with pre-op Waterlow category scores, progressively getting longer with increasing severity of Waterlow category. However, no difference was observed in risk for emergency readmission within 90-days of surgery with severity of Waterlow category. Patients with 'very high risk' Waterlow scores had increased risk for mortality at 41.9% versus high risk (23.7%), at risk (17.4%) and low risk (13.4%). In adjusted analyses, 'very high risk' Waterlow group (as a categorical variable) or Waterlow score (as a continuous variable) had an independent association with increase length of stay after transplant surgery only. No association was observed between any Waterlow risk group/score with emergency 90-day readmission rates or post-transplant mortality after adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-operative Waterlow scoring is a poor surrogate marker to identify kidney transplant patients at risk of emergency readmission or death and should not be utilised outside its intended use.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
6.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 7979500, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928925

RESUMO

Objective: This study was designed to analyze the expression of miR-155 in serum exosomes in children with epilepsy and to explore its diagnostic value. Methods: From March 2020 to March 2021, 43 hospitalized children with epilepsy admitted to the Department of Neurology of the hospital were included, and another 43 gender- and age-matched healthy children were randomly selected as the healthy control group during the same period. Then fasting serum samples of the two groups were collected to extract the exosomes. The morphology of the exosomes was evaluated under a transmission electron microscope, and the expression of specific protein markers on the surface was detected by Western Blot. In addition, the relative expression of miR-155 in serum exosomes in children with epilepsy with different courses of the disease and different degrees of abnormal electroencephalography (EEG) was compared, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (ROC-AUC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of miR-155. Results: A higher relative expression level of miR-155 in serum exosomes was obtained in the epilepsy group, as compared to the healthy control group (P<0.05), and the relative expression of miR-155 in serum exosomes in children with epilepsy was correlated with the course of the disease and the degree of abnormal EEG (both P<0.05). In addition, the expression of miR-155 in serum exosomes showed high diagnostic efficiency for epilepsy (AUC = 0.813, P<0.05). Conclusion: The expression of miR-155 in serum exosomes in children with epilepsy is up-regulated, and its level is related to the course of the disease and the degree of abnormal EEG, so miR-155 in serum exosomes may be used as a biomarker for the diagnosis and assessment of the severity of epilepsy.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Exossomos , MicroRNAs , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Epilepsia/genética , Exossomos/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/sangue , Curva ROC
7.
Ren Fail ; 44(1): 1280-1288, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930243

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has been declared a global pandemic. COVID-19-associated acute kidney injury (COVID-19 AKI) is related to a high mortality rate and serves as an independent risk factor for hospital death in patients with COVID-19. Early diagnosis would allow for earlier intervention and potentially improve patient outcomes. The goal of early identification of AKI has been the primary impetus for AKI biomarker research, and several kidney injury biomarkers have been demonstrated to be beneficial in predicting COVID-19 AKI as well as disease progression in COVID-19. Furthermore, such data provide valuable insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying this complex and unique disease and serve as a molecular phenotyping tool that could be utilized to direct clinical intervention. This review focuses on a number of kidney injury biomarkers, such as CysC, NAGAL, KIM-1, L-FABP, IL-18, suPAR, and [TIMP-2] • [IGFBP7], which have been widely studied in common clinical settings, such as sepsis, cardiac surgery, and contrast-induced AKI. We explore the role of kidney injury biomarkers in COVID-19 and discuss what remains to be learned.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , COVID-19 , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Biomarcadores , COVID-19/complicações , Humanos , Proteínas de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a Insulina , Rim , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
8.
Ren Fail ; 44(1): 1243-1262, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930297

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Several studies have shown that cholecalciferol supplementation (25OHD-S) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) improves kidney injury by reducing fibrosis-related vascular calcification and declining apoptosis-linked nephron damage. METHODS: The oral 25OHD-S was evaluated in 60,000 IU/month/36 weeks versus in 2000 IU/d/24 weeks in CKD Stage 3 with serum 25OHD level < 20 ng/mL. The study was undertaken on 156 black subjects and 150 white subjects Southern Sahara (SS). All biomarkers of cardiometabolic (CMet) and cardiorenal (CRenal) syndrome, Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) profile, secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), Troponin T (cTnT) and atherogenicity risk were assessed by biochemical methods. Estimate glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by chronic CKD-EPI equation formula. Total serum vitamin D by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (MS). RESULTS: Vitamin D deficiency alters in the same manner CMet, CRenal, and others biomarkers in both groups SS; however, these disorders are more acute in blacks compared to whites SS. Oral 25OHD-S a highlighted improvement of eGFR drop, SHPT decrease, decline proteinuria, and cardiac failure risk (NT-proBNP and cTnT) attenuation. Concomitantly, 25OHD-S normalizes Renin, Aldosterone, and Angiotensin System (RAAS) activity. Nevertheless, homocysteine and Lp (a) do not modulate by 25OHD-S. CONCLUSIONS: The oral vitamin D3 supplementation, according the dose, and the treatment duration does not like in black-skinned people versus to white-skinned inhabitants, while the 02 groups are native to the same Saharan environment. It emerge that a high intermittent dose through an extensive supplementation (60,000 IU/36 weeks) was more effective in black subjects. At opposite, a lower dose during a short period supplementation is sufficient (2000 IU/24 weeks) in white subjects.


Assuntos
Síndrome Cardiorrenal , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Biomarcadores , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/complicações , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/etiologia , Colecalciferol/uso terapêutico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Troponina T , Vitamina D
9.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 275, 2022 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the last three decades, the mesoamerican region has seen an increase in the frequency of patients diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease of nontraditional causes (CKDnt) also known as Meso-American Nephropathy (MeN). A region with an increased frequency of patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has been identified in central Panama. The present study aims to characterize the clinical presentation of patients with CKDnt in an understudied population of the central region of Panama and to compare them with patients with traditional chronic kidney disease (CKDt). METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted in a nephrology reference hospital in the central provinces of Herrera and Los Santos, comparing a group of 15 patients with CKDnt to 91 patients with CKDt. Sociodemographic variables, personal history, laboratory parameters, and of renal ultrasound were compared. RESULTS: Patients with CKDnt had a median age of 58 years (IQR: 52-61), significantly lower (P < 0.001) than patients with CKDt with a median age of 71 years (IQR: 64-78). Patients with CKDnt had a history of being agricultural (60%) and transportation (20%) workers, significantly higher than patients with CKDt (15%, P < 0.001 and 0%, P < 0.01 respectively). Renal atrophy and hyperuricemia are significant clinical markers of CKDnt (P < 0.001 and P < 0.05 respectively). CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first study in Panama to investigate the clinical presentation of patients with CKDnt and one of the few in Central America and the world that compares them with patients with CKDt. In central Panama the typical CKDnt patient is a male in his 50 s who is primarily engaged in agriculture or as a public transport driver. Renal atrophy and hyperuricemia are significant clinical markers of CKDnt. Further studies are needed to help understand the common determinants and risk factors for CKDnt development in Panama and Mesoamerica.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Idoso , Atrofia , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Panamá/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
BMC Med Imaging ; 22(1): 137, 2022 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genotype status of glioma have important significance to clinical treatment and prognosis. At present, there are few studies on the prediction of multiple genotype status in glioma by method of multi-sequence radiomics. The purpose of the study is to compare the performance of clinical features (age, sex, WHO grade, MRI morphological features etc.), radiomics features from multi MR sequence (T2WI, T1WI, DWI, ADC, CE-MRI (contrast enhancement)), and a combined multiple features model in predicting biomarker status (IDH, MGMT, TERT, 1p/19q of glioma. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, 81 glioma patients confirmed by histology were enrolled in this study. Five MRI sequences were used for radiomic feature extraction. Finally, 107 features were extracted from each sequence on Pyradiomics software, separately. These included 18 first-order metrics, such as the mean, standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis etc., 14 shape features and second-order metrics including 24 grey level run length matrix (GLCM), 16 grey level run length matrix (GLRLM), 16 grey level size zone matrix (GLSZM), 5 neighboring gray tone difference matrix (NGTDM), and 14 grey level dependence matrix (GLDM). Then, Univariate analysis and LASSO (Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression model were used to data dimension reduction, feature selection, and radiomics signature building. Significant features (p < 0.05 by multivariate logistic regression were retained to establish clinical model, T1WI model, T2WI model, T1 + C (T1WI contrast enhancement model, DWI model and ADC model, multi sequence model. Clinical features were combined with multi sequence model to establish a combined model. The predictive performance was validated by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC analysis and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: The combined model showed the better performance in some groups of genotype status among some models (IDH AUC = 0.93, MGMT AUC = 0.88, TERT AUC = 0.76). Multi sequence model performed better than single sequence model in IDH, MGMT, TERT. There was no significant difference among the models in predicting 1p/19q status. Decision curve analysis showed combined model has higher clinical benefit than multi sequence model. CONCLUSION: Multi sequence model is an effective method to identify the genotype status of cerebral glioma. Combined with clinical models can better distinguish genotype status of glioma. KEY POINTS: The combined model showed the higher performance compare with other models in predicting genotype status of IDH, MGMT, TERT. Multi sequence model showed a better predictive model than that of a single sequence model. Compared with other models, the combined model and multi sequence model show no advantage in prediction of 1p/19q status.


Assuntos
Glioma , Biomarcadores , Encéfalo/patologia , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/genética , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 862, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a preventable disease, but it is a major public health problem despite having a good prognosis when diagnosed early. Although the Pap smear has led to huge drops in rates of cervical cancer and death from the disease, it has some limitations, making new approaches necessary for early diagnosis and biomarkers discovery. MiRNAs have been considered a new class of non-invasive biomarkers and may have great clinical value for screening early-stage cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Well-designed studies have emerged as a necessary strategy for the identification of miRNAs that could be used safely and reliably for a differential diagnosis. This review aims to provide an up-to-date perspective on the assessment of circulating miRNA expression from precursor lesions to cervical cancer, identifying circulating miRNAs or specific miRNA signatures that can be used as potential biomarkers of different stages of cervical carcinogenesis. METHODS: A systematic review was performed and searches were conducted in the PubMed, LILACS, and Scopus electronic databases. RESULTS: Most studies involved Chinese ethnic women and searched for circulating miRNAs in serum samples. Thirty three microRNAs were evaluated in the eligible studies and 17 (miR-196a, miR-16-2, miR-497, miR-1290, miR-425-5p, hsa-miR- 92a, miR-1266, miR-9, miR-192, miR-205, miR-21, miR-152, miR-15b, miR-34a, miR-218, miR-199a-5p and miR-155-5p) showed up-regulation in women with precursor lesion and cervical cancer and 16 microRNAs showed decreased expression in these same groups of women compared to healthy controls (miR-195, miR-2861, miR-145, miR-214, miR-34a, miR-200a, let-7d-3p, miR-30d-5p, miR-638, miR-203a-3p, miR-1914-5p, miR-521, miR-125b, miR-370, miR-218 and miR-100). CONCLUSION: Therefore, defining promising circulating miRNAs or specific miRNA signatures of biological fluid samples can be useful for the screening, diagnosis, prognosis and clinical monitoring of women undergoing cervical carcinogenesis, but greater standardization of studies seems to be necessary for greater consolidation of information.


Assuntos
MicroRNA Circulante , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
12.
BMC Med Genomics ; 15(1): 174, 2022 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TIR domain containing adaptor molecule 1 (TICAM1) is a coding gene participating in immune and inflammation responses to malignant cells. However, the role of TICAM1 in Wilms tumor (WT) is rarely known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression level of TICAM1 was calculated in the WT TARGET cohort and validated using the GSE66405 cohort. The Kaplan-Meier method was employed to investigate the potential clinical value of TICAM1 and the association between its expression level and clinical features. The influence of TICAM1 on immune infiltration was examined by ESTIMATE, CIBERSORT and MCPcounter algorithms. IC50 of chemotherapeutic drugs was calculated by "pRRophetic" R package. RESULTS: TICAM1 was downregulated in WT patients with worse prognosis and a more advanced clinical stage. Moreover, a low expression level of TICAM1 contributed to less immune cell infiltration, few protective immune cells and more antitumor immune cells. CONCLUSIONS: TICAM1 exerts a significant impact on the prognosis, progression and immune infiltration condition of WT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Tumor de Wilms , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Tolerância Imunológica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Prognóstico , Tumor de Wilms/genética , Tumor de Wilms/patologia
13.
Pharm Biol ; 60(1): 1384-1393, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938503

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Callistemon citrinus Skeels (Myrtaceae) exhibits many biological activities. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes for the first time, the toxicity, obesogenic, and antioxidant effects of C. citrinus in rats fed with a high fat-fructose diet (HFFD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four studies using male Wistar rats were conducted: (a) 7 groups (n = 3): control (corn oil) and ethanol extract of C. citrinus leaf (single oral dose at 100-4000 mg/kg) for acute toxicity; (b) 2 groups (n = 8): control (corn oil) and C. citrinus (1000 mg/kg/day) for 28 days for subacute toxicity; (c) 3 groups (n = 4) with single oral dose of lipid emulsion: control (lipid emulsion), C. citrinus and orlistat (250 and 50 mg/kg, respectively) for lipid absorption; (d) 4 groups (n = 6): control (normal diet) and 3 groups fed with HFFD: HFFD only, C. citrinus and simvastatin (oral dose 250 and 3 mg/kg, respectively) for 13 weeks. Antioxidant enzymes and biomarkers were evaluated and inhibition of pancreatic lipase was determined in vitro. RESULTS: Toxicological studies of C. citrinus showed no differences in biochemical parameters and lethal dose (LD50) was higher than 4000 mg/kg. C. citrinus inhibited pancreatic lipase activity, with IC50 of 392.00 µg/mL, and decreased lipid absorption by 70%. Additionally, it reduced the body weight 22%, restored the activities of antioxidant enzymes, and reduced the biomarkers of oxidative stress. CONCLUSIONS: Callistemon citrinus showed an effect against oxidative stress by reducing biomarkers and induced antioxidant system, without toxic effects.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Myrtaceae , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Biomarcadores , Óleo de Milho , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Emulsões , Frutose/toxicidade , Lipase , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
14.
RNA Biol ; 19(1): 963-979, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938548

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 tropism for the ACE2 receptor, along with the multifaceted inflammatory reaction, is likely to drive the generalized hypercoagulable and thrombotic state seen in patients with COVID-19. Using the original bioinformatic workflow and network medicine approaches we reanalysed four coronavirus-related expression datasets and performed co-expression analysis focused on thrombosis and ACE2 related genes. We identified microRNAs (miRNAs) which play role in ACE2-related thrombosis in coronavirus infection and further, we validated the expressions of precisely selected miRNAs-related to thrombosis (miR-16-5p, miR-27a-3p, let-7b-5p and miR-155-5p) in 79 hospitalized COVID-19 patients and 32 healthy volunteers by qRT-PCR. Consequently, we aimed to unravel whether bioinformatic prioritization could guide selection of miRNAs with a potential of diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers associated with disease severity in patients hospitalized for COVID-19. In bioinformatic analysis, we identified EGFR, HSP90AA1, APP, TP53, PTEN, UBC, FN1, ELAVL1 and CALM1 as regulatory genes which could play a pivotal role in COVID-19 related thrombosis. We also found miR-16-5p, miR-27a-3p, let-7b-5p and miR-155-5p as regulators in the coagulation and thrombosis process. In silico predictions were further confirmed in patients hospitalized for COVID-19. The expression levels of miR-16-5p and let-7b in COVID-19 patients were lower at baseline, 7-days and 21-day after admission compared to the healthy controls (p < 0.0001 for all time points for both miRNAs). The expression levels of miR-27a-3p and miR-155-5p in COVID-19 patients were higher at day 21 compared to the healthy controls (p = 0.007 and p < 0.001, respectively). A low baseline miR-16-5p expression presents predictive utility in assessment of the hospital length of stay or death in follow-up as a composite endpoint (AUC:0.810, 95% CI, 0.71-0.91, p < 0.0001) and low baseline expression of miR-16-5p and diabetes mellitus are independent predictors of increased length of stay or death according to a multivariate analysis (OR: 9.417; 95% CI, 2.647-33.506; p = 0.0005 and OR: 6.257; 95% CI, 1.049-37.316; p = 0.044, respectively). This study enabled us to better characterize changes in gene expression and signalling pathways related to hypercoagulable and thrombotic conditions in COVID-19. In this study we identified and validated miRNAs which could serve as novel, thrombosis-related predictive biomarkers of the COVID-19 complications, and can be used for early stratification of patients and prediction of severity of infection development in an individual.Abbreviations: ACE2, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2AF, atrial fibrillationAPP, Amyloid Beta Precursor ProteinaPTT, activated partial thromboplastin timeAUC, Area under the curveAß, amyloid betaBMI, body mass indexCAD, coronary artery diseaseCALM1, Calmodulin 1 geneCaM, calmodulinCCND1, Cyclin D1CI, confidence intervalCOPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseCOVID-19, Coronavirus disease 2019CRP, C-reactive proteinCV, CardiovascularCVDs, cardiovascular diseasesDE, differentially expressedDM, diabetes mellitusEGFR, Epithelial growth factor receptorELAVL1, ELAV Like RNA Binding Protein 1FLNA, Filamin AFN1, Fibronectin 1GEO, Gene Expression OmnibushiPSC-CMs, Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytesHSP90AA1, Heat Shock Protein 90 Alpha Family Class A Member 1Hsp90α, heat shock protein 90αICU, intensive care unitIL, interleukinIQR, interquartile rangelncRNAs, long non-coding RNAsMI, myocardial infarctionMiRNA, MiR, microRNAmRNA, messenger RNAncRNA, non-coding RNANERI, network-medicine based integrative approachNF-kB, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cellsNPV, negative predictive valueNXF, nuclear export factorPBMCs, Peripheral blood mononuclear cellsPCT, procalcitoninPPI, Protein-protein interactionsPPV, positive predictive valuePTEN, phosphatase and tensin homologqPCR, quantitative polymerase chain reactionROC, receiver operating characteristicSARS-CoV-2, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2SD, standard deviationTLR4, Toll-like receptor 4TM, thrombomodulinTP53, Tumour protein P53UBC, Ubiquitin CWBC, white blood cells.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , MicroRNAs , Trombose , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Biomarcadores , COVID-19/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombose/genética
15.
J Exp Med ; 219(10)2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938981

RESUMO

Epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation play an essential role in imprinting specific transcriptional patterns in cells. We performed genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of murine lymph node-derived ILCs, which led to the identification of differentially methylated regions (DMRs) and the definition of epigenetic marker regions in ILCs. Marker regions were located in genes with a described function for ILCs, such as Tbx21, Gata3, or Il23r, but also in genes that have not been related to ILC biology. Methylation levels of the marker regions and expression of the associated genes were strongly correlated, indicating their functional relevance. Comparison with T helper cell methylomes revealed clear lineage differences, despite partial similarities in the methylation of specific ILC marker regions. IL-33-mediated challenge affected methylation of ILC2 epigenetic marker regions in the liver, while remaining relatively stable in the lung. In our study, we identified a set of epigenetic markers that can serve as a tool to study phenotypic and functional properties of ILCs.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Linfócitos , Animais , Biomarcadores , Metilação de DNA/genética , Epigênese Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Camundongos
19.
Food Res Int ; 159: 111511, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940751

RESUMO

Wuchang Daohuaxiang (DHX) rice is a famous product in China, while identification and authentication method is limited. Due to the special taste and flavor of DHX, lipidomics was conducted to discriminate it from faked rice. First, lipid profiles of DHX and other nine rice varieties were required from the established UPLC-Q/TOF-MS/MS method. The compositions and contents of lipids significantly varied among different rice. Then, twenty-six potential biomarkers containing 6 DGs, 5 PAs, 4 PCs, 1 PE, 3 PGs, 2 PIs, 2 PSs, 2 SMs, and 1 Cer were characterized and verified for identifying DHX from all faked rice. The accuracy of developed methods for DHX discrimination was 97.14%. In addition, OPLS-DA models were established for DHX distinction between each of the nine rice cultivars. Our results would supply as supplementary tools for discrimination of DHX rice for supervision departments and industries.


Assuntos
Oryza , Biomarcadores , Lipidômica , Lipídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13526, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941163

RESUMO

Vitiligo is considered a disabling disease that affects physical, social, psychological, and occupational aspects of an individual's quality of life. The search for non-invasive and reliable biomarkers for vitiligo's early diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment prediction is under intensive investigation. There is currently an emerging interest in employing miRNAs as biomarkers to predict vitiligo diagnosis and prognosis, inspired by the well-preserved nature of miRNAs in serum or plasma. In the current study, we assessed a panel of 20 melanogenesis pathway-related microRNAs (miRNAs) using quantitative real-time PCR technique in 85 non-segmental vitiligo (NSV) patients compared to 85 normal controls followed by function and pathway enrichment analysis for the miRNAs with significant results. Twelve out of the 20 circulating miRNAs showed significantly higher expression levels in vitiligo patients relative to controls where miR-423 show the highest expression level followed by miR-182, miR-106a, miR-23b, miR-9, miR-124, miR-130a, miR-203a, miR-181, miR-152, and miR-320a. While six miRNAs (miR-224, miR-148a, miR-137, and miR-7, miR-148b, miR-145, miR-374b, and miR-196b) didn't show significant expression level. The analysis of the receiver operating curve indicated that miR-423, miR-106a, and miR-182 were outstanding biomarkers with the highest areas under the curve in vitiligo. This study is the first Egyptian study to investigate a panel of miRNAs expression profile in the plasma of patients with NSV. Our results suggest that specific circulating miRNAs signature might be implicated in vitiligo pathogenesis and could potentially be used as biomarkers in vitiligo.


Assuntos
MicroRNA Circulante , MicroRNAs , Vitiligo , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Qualidade de Vida , Vitiligo/diagnóstico , Vitiligo/genética
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