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1.
Toxicol Lett ; 318: 65-73, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The optimal measuring timing of serum/plasma Cystatin C (CysC) for early detection of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) remains un-studied. We elucidated further on this issue. METHODS: We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase from inception until March 2018 for studies evaluating diagnostic accuracy of CysC for detecting CIAKI in patients exposed to contrast agents during diagnostic examinations or cardiac/peripheral catheterizations. RESULTS: A total of 10 relevant studies, comprising 2554 patients, were included and divided into the <24 -h and 24 -h groups based on CysC measuring timing (i.e., hours after contrast agent exposure). Compared with creatinine, pooled diagnostic odds ratio of CysC for detecting CIAKI of the <24 -h and 24 -h groups was 7.59 (95 % confidence interval [CI]: 1.31-44.08) and 53.81 (95 % CI: 13.57-213.26). Pooled sensitivity of the <24 -h and 24 -h groups was 0.81 and 0.88. Pooled specificity of the <24 -h and 24 -h groups was 0.64 and 0.88, respectively. Area under the hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic curve of the <24 -h and 24 -h groups was 0.75 and 0.93. CONCLUSIONS: Measuring CysC at 24 h after contrast agent exposure shows higher diagnostic accuracy for early detection of CIAKI than measuring CysC at <24 h after contrast agent exposure.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Cistatina C/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Toxicol Lett ; 318: 92-98, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678399

RESUMO

Sulfur mustard (SM) is a vesicant chemical warfare agent. Recent studies reported alleged use of SM by non-state actors in Syria and Iraq. It has been shown that SM induced immunological and hematological complications. The aim of this study was to determine acute toxic effects of SM exposure on hematological parameters. Blood samples from a group of Syrian exposed to SM in 2016 were taken daily during the follow-up of the patients in intensive care unit. Initial leukocytosis was observed in all patients (100%) on the first 48 h after exposure. Following leukocytosis, isolated lymphopenia was observed in all patients (100%) between 2nd and 4th days. A decrease in hemoglobin level was noted in five patients (62.5%) between 4th and 5th days. Thrombocytopenia was observed in 75% of patients between 4th and 6th days for mild cases and between 9th and 11th days for severe cases. Three patients (37.5%) developed distinct leucopenia/neutropenia on 11th and 12th days. It was observed that human exposure to high dose of SM has direct toxic effect on hematological cells and bone marrow. New strategies on treatment of SM-induced myelosuppression could reduce the effects of hematological complications and could increase the survival rate in these patients.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Terrorismo Químico , Substâncias para a Guerra Química/envenenamento , Leucocitose/induzido quimicamente , Leucopenia/induzido quimicamente , Linfopenia/induzido quimicamente , Gás de Mostarda/envenenamento , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucocitose/sangue , Leucocitose/patologia , Leucopenia/sangue , Leucopenia/patologia , Linfopenia/sangue , Linfopenia/patologia , Masculino , Síria , Trombocitopenia/sangue , Trombocitopenia/patologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17806, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689863

RESUMO

Hypoalbuminemia and anemia are frequent among in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We assess whether serum albumin and hemoglobin at admission can predict outcome in children with moderate to severe TBI.This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary pediatric hospital between May 2012 and Jun 2018 included children with an admission Glasgow Coma Scale of ≤13.A total of 213 patients were included of whom 45 died in hospital. Multivariate logistic regression showed that hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin <30 g/L) was independently associated with mortality (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 3.059; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.118-8.371; P = .030) in children with moderate to severe TBI, while anemia (hemoglobin <90 g/L) was not independently associated with mortality (adjusted OR = 1.742; 95% CI: 0.617-4.916; P = .295). Serum albumin was significantly superior to hemoglobin (area under the curve [AUC] 0.738 vs AUC 0.689, P < .05) under receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Hypoalbuminemia was also associated with reduced 14-day ventilation-free days, 14-day intensive care unit (ICU)-free days, and 28-day hospital-free days.Serum albumin at admission was superior to hemoglobin in predicting the mortality in children with moderate to severe TBI and also associated with reduced ventilator-free, ICU-free, and hospital-free days.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/sangue , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/mortalidade , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cuidados Críticos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia/complicações , Hipoalbuminemia/diagnóstico , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Georgian Med News ; (294): 98-103, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687958

RESUMO

The article reveals the modern aspects of IPF pathogenesis in with an emphasis on the main proposed prognostic biomarkers. IPF remains the leader among diseases with unknown etiology, the diagnosis and management of which are not very successful, despite the obvious progress in molecular medicine. There is presented analysis of the significance of IPF potential biomarkers and their concentrations in the blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BAL): endothelin-1, CC-chemokine ligand 18, interleukin-1, surfactant protein SP-D in the review. The role of their changing levels in the blood and BAL for assessing the course of the IPF and its prognosis, as well as the prevailing importance of the polymorphism of the genes encoding them, is shown. Obviously, the progressive accumulation of fibroblast-myofibroblast cells in the lungs IPF patients worsens the prognosis of disease, forms its own environment with a set of cytokines, growth factors, collagen, fibronectin in the extracellular matrix of fibrous lungs. The insufficient amount of studies in the face of the rarity of the disease leaves a lot of controversial issues for solution in the future. Obviously, to assess the prognosis of IPF mortality, it is necessary to include a very large number of patients, to extend the observation period, which increases their cost and reduces the opportunities and desire of pharmaceutical companies to participate in these studies.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Pulmão/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/análise , Quimiocinas CC , Endotelina-1 , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/sangue , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/mortalidade , Interleucina-1 , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Proteína D Associada a Surfactante Pulmonar/análise , Proteína D Associada a Surfactante Pulmonar/sangue , Surfactantes Pulmonares/análise , Surfactantes Pulmonares/sangue
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6035-6039, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are a heterogeneous class of particles that differ in size and density from each other. Small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles are considered more atherogenic than larger particles. The aim of the study was to evaluate serum levels of sdLDL in patients who died from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) or cancer in a cohort of patients followed up in the De Bellis Research Hospital for 20 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 75 participants who died of cancer and 87 who died of CVD were enrolled and they were matched for age and sex with 135 healthy controls, i.e. without CVD or cancer and are still alive. RESULTS: Patients who died from cancer had the highest value of LDL IV subfraction (0.25±1.16), followed by those who died from CVD (0.17±0.96). CONCLUSION: The integrated profile of sdLDL between CVD and cancer suggests that therapeutic modulation of sdLDL may be associated with a risk reduction for these diseases.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
6.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(10): 588-593, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742950

RESUMO

At some works, it has been shown there are signs of damage and endothelium dysfunction in patients with chronic viral hepatitis (CVH) and liver cirrhosis of viral etiology the severity of these conditions depends on the severity of the pathological process. Evaluation of the role of angiogenic factors and endothelial dysfunction in persistent of CVH in children and adolescents. 35 patients were examined: of which 11 with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and 24 with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). The reference group consisted of 120 practically healthy persons of the corresponding age and sex. VEGF-A, angiotensin (ANG), soluble receptors of VEGF-A (sVEGF-R1 и sVEGF-R2) and trombomodulin (TM) have been investigated in serum by enzyme immunoassay using special kits (BCM Diagnostics, USA). Other endothelial dysfunction markers as von Willebrand factor (vWf) was determined in blood plasma by immunoturbidimetry (Siemens, Germany), plasminogen (PLG) was investigated due to extended coagulation. In children with CVH, regardless of etiology, the concentration of VEGF-A was significantly lower, and sVEGF-R2, sVEGF-R1 and TM was higher than in children without liver disease (p <0.001, p <0.05, p <0.01, p <0.001, respectively). The concentration of TM and the level of PLG activity in patients with CHC were slightly higher than in CHB. Decreased level of VEGF-A and increased expression of its soluble receptors indicate enhanced inhibition of angiogenesis in CVH, which may indicate the pathogenetic role of this phenomenon in the development of liver damage in CHC.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Hepatite C Crônica/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Neovascularização Patológica/sangue , Adolescente , Angiotensinas/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Humanos , Plasminogênio/análise , Trombomodulina/sangue , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Fator de von Willebrand/análise
7.
BMJ ; 367: l6055, 2019 11 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relation between age and troponin level and its prognostic implication. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Five cardiovascular centres in the UK National Institute for Health Research Health Informatics Collaborative (UK-NIHR HIC). PARTICIPANTS: 257 948 consecutive patients undergoing troponin testing for any clinical reason between 2010 and 2017. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: All cause mortality. RESULTS: 257 948 patients had troponin measured during the study period. Analyses on troponin were performed using the peak troponin level, which was the highest troponin level measured during the patient's hospital stay. Troponin levels were standardised as a multiple of each laboratory's 99th centile of the upper limit of normal (ULN). During a median follow-up of 1198 days (interquartile range 514-1866 days), 55 850 (21.7%) deaths occurred. A positive troponin result (that is, higher than the upper limit of normal) signified a 3.2 higher mortality hazard (95% confidence interval 3.1 to 3.2) over three years. Mortality varied noticeably with age, with a hazard ratio of 10.6 (8.5 to 13.3) in 18-29 year olds and 1.5 (1.4 to 1.6) in those older than 90. A positive troponin result was associated with an approximately 15 percentage points higher absolute three year mortality across all age groups. The excess mortality with a positive troponin result was heavily concentrated in the first few weeks. Results were analysed using multivariable adjusted restricted cubic spline Cox regression. A direct relation was seen between troponin level and mortality in patients without acute coronary syndrome (ACS, n=120 049), whereas an inverted U shaped relation was found in patients with ACS (n=14 468), with a paradoxical decline in mortality at peak troponin levels >70×ULN. In the group with ACS, the inverted U shaped relation persisted after multivariable adjustment in those who were managed invasively; however, a direct positive relation was found between troponin level and mortality in patients managed non-invasively. CONCLUSIONS: A positive troponin result was associated with a clinically important increased mortality, regardless of age, even if the level was only slightly above normal. The excess mortality with a raised troponin was heavily concentrated in the first few weeks. STUDY REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03507309.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Troponina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Tratamento Conservador/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6283-6290, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The usefulness of C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) as a predictive indicator for clinically-relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is unclear. We performed a retrospective analysis to identify reliable inflammatory indicators for prediction of CR-POPF after PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 160 consecutive patients who underwent PD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. The areas under curves (AUCs) were compared with the discriminatory ability of inflammatory indicators, namely, C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), platelet count multiplied by C-reactive protein (P-CRP), and CAR. RESULTS: The AUC for CAR on POD 3 to predict CR-POPF was 0.782 (p<0.001) and higher than that for CRP (0.773), NLR (0.652), PLR (0.504), and P-CRP (0.703). Multivariate analysis revealed that CAR on POD 3 was an independent predictive indicator of CR-POPF. CONCLUSION: CAR on POD 3 is a reliable predictor of CR-POPF after PD.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Fístula Pancreática/sangue , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Albumina Sérica/análise , Idoso , Amilases/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Neutrófilos/citologia , Pâncreas/patologia , Ductos Pancreáticos/patologia , Fístula Pancreática/diagnóstico , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 376-380, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether salidroside (Sal) plays a part in protecting myocardial cell through reducing the myocardial ischemia and the apoptosis pathway of both death receptors and mitochondria in acute exhausted rats. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=6): control group(Con), acute exhaustive swimming group (EE), low-dose and high-dose Sal pre-treatment exhaustive swimming group (SLE, SHE). Rats were treated with Sal solution (15 or 30 mg/(kg·d)) or 0.9%NaCl (3 ml/(kg·d)) by intraperitoneal injection for 15 d, respectively. The Con group did not carry out swimming training. The next day after the end of intraperitoneal administration, the rats in EE, SLE and SHE group were forced to swim until they were exhausted followed the standard of Thomas. After the end of exhaustive exercise, the rats were anesthetized and the blood samples and hearts were collected immediately. The myocardial ischemia and hypoxia area and myocardial apoptosis index (AI) were also observed. Serum ischemia modified albumin (IMA), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), brain natriuretic peptide(BNP) and myocardial cell Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) were determined. The expressions of myocardial TNF receptor superfamily member 6 (Fas), cytochrome C (Cyto-c), aspartate proteolytic enzyme-3(Caspase-3), aspartate proteolytic enzyme-8(Caspase-8), and aspartate proteolytic enzyme-9(Caspase-9) were detected. RESULTS: Compared with the Con group, the myocardial ischemia and hypoxia area in EE group was increased significantly. The serum levels of IMA, cTnI and BNP, AI and Bax levels and cardiac Fas, Cyto-C, Caspase-3, Caspase-8 and Caspase-9 protein expressions of EE group were also increased significantly (P<0.01), while the protein expression of Bcl-2 in cardiac tissues was decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the EE group, the myocardial ischemia and hypoxia area, serum levels of IMA, cTnI and BNP, AI and Bax levels, and the protein expressions of cardiac Fas, Cyto-C, Caspase-3, Caspase-8 and Caspase-9 in Sal group were all decreased significantly(P<0.01). while the protein expression of cardiac Bcl-2 in Sal group were increased significantly (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Sal plays a role in protecting myocardial cell through reducing the myocardial ischemia and inhibiting myocardial cell apoptosis in exhaustive exercise rats. The mechanism of reducing myocardial cell apoptosis may be related to inhibiting the expressions of Fas, Cyto-C, Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Caspase-9 and increasing the expression of Bcl-2.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Fenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Masculino , Miocárdio/citologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17862, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702650

RESUMO

Since the progression of cirrhosis is accelerated each time a complication recurs, the management and treatment of the complication is critical in enhancement of the quality of life and expectation of life in patients. The use of model for end-stage liver disease with incorporation of serum-sodium (MELD-Na) with physiological indicators can be used to assess severity and differentiate therapeutic interventions.This study is aimed to determine the mean survival period and cumulative survival rate by classifying patients into high-risk and low-risk groups based on MELD-Na, a predictor of mortality in liver disease, and to investigate the mortality prognostic factors.A retrospective cohort study, which follows the STROBE checklist, was performed. 263 patients who were diagnosed with liver cirrhosis complications for the first time and hospitalized were selected as the subjects of this study. The collected data were analyzed based on the survival package provided by the statistical program R version 3.4.2.Subjects were classified into high-risk and low-risk groups using MELD-Na 14 points where sensitivity and specificity crossed the cut-off point. Gender, age, and primary caregiver were significant variables in the mortality high-risk group, and AST, albumin, and primary caregiver were significant variables in the mortality low-risk group. Based on these mortality prognostic factors, it is possible to present the factors affecting mortality in patients who were diagnosed with liver cirrhosis complications for the first time. The classification of patients by risk level could be the foundation to provide accurate guidelines for management and it is necessary to modify prognostic factors and apply nursing interventions to manage complications.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sódio/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Doença Hepática Terminal/sangue , Doença Hepática Terminal/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17920, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702672

RESUMO

There is little information concerning the predictive ability of the preoperative platelet to albumin ratio (PAR) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after liver resection. In the current study, we aimed to assess the prognostic power of the PAR in HCC patients without portal hypertension (PH) following liver resection.Approximately 628 patients were included in this study. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive value of the PAR for both recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the independent risk factors for both RFS and OS.During the follow-up period, 361 patients experienced recurrence, and 217 patients died. ROC curve analysis suggested that the best cut-off value of the PAR for RFS was greater than 4.8. The multivariate analysis revealed that microvascular invasion (MVI), tumor size >5 cm, high aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet count ratio index (APRI) and high PAR were four independent risk factors for both RFS and OS. Patients with a low PAR had significantly better RFS and OS than those with a high PAR.The PAR may be a useful marker to predict the prognosis of HCC patients after liver resection. HCC patients with a high preoperative PAR had a higher recurrent risk and lower long-term survival rate than those with a low preoperative PAR.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Hepatectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Período Pré-Operatório , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Curva ROC
12.
Afr Health Sci ; 19(2): 1821-1832, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656464

RESUMO

Background: Based on the increased pre-eclampsia and HIV antenatal incidence in South Africa, we determined the angiogenic profiles due to its mechanistic link in preeclampsia development, throughout uncomplicated pregnancies in HIV positive and negative women. Objective: To determine the angiogenic profiles throughout uncomplicated pregnancies in HIV positive and HIV negative women. We explored possible correlations between angiogenic serum levels and selected maternal characteristics (HIV status, gestational age, maternal factors, and pregnancy outcomes). Method: This study was conducted at a primary health care facility in Durban, South Africa. Forty-six pregnant women aged 18-45 years, were enrolled at 10-20, 22-30 and 32-38 weeks' gestation, respectively through convenient sampling. Serum samples were collected and quantitatively evaluated using ELISAs. Clinical and epidemiological data were analysed using STATA (version 14). A probability level of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Of those enrolled, 28.3% were nulliparous, 82% were HIV positive and none developed pre-eclampsia. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure increased slightly throughout pregnancy. Fluctuating angiogenic and anti-angiogenic levels were demonstrated during pregnancy. Conclusion: This study contributes to the current angiogenic knowledge in normotensive pregnancies, and may assist as a reference range against which these factors may be compared in HIV complicated pregnancies.


Assuntos
Endoglina/sangue , Infecções por HIV/sangue , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Proteínas da Gravidez/sangue , Adulto Jovem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17445, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577769

RESUMO

Giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a locally aggressive bone tumor, which accounts for 4% to 5% of all primary bone tumors. At present, the early diagnosis and postoperative recurrence monitoring are still more difficult due to the lack of effective biomarkers in GCT. As an effective tool, metabolomics has played an essential role in the biomarkers research of many tumors. However, there has been no related study of the metabolomics of GCT up to now. The purpose of this study was to identify several key metabolites as potential biomarkers for GCT by using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolic profiles.Patients with GCT in our hospital were recruited in this study and their plasma was collected as the research sample, and plasma collected from healthy subjects was considered as the control. NMR was then utilized to detect all samples. Furthermore, based on correlation coefficients, variable importance for the projection values and P values of metabolites obtained from multidimensional statistical analysis, the most critical metabolites were selected as potential biomarkers of GCT. Finally, relevant metabolic pathways involved in these potential biomarkers were determined by database retrieval, based on which the metabolic pathways were plotted.Finally, 28 GCT patients and 26 healthy volunteers agreed to participate in the study. In the multidimensional statistical analysis, all results showed that there was obvious difference between the GCT group and the control group. Ultimately, 18 metabolites with significant differences met the selection condition, which were identified as potential biomarkers. Through Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Human Metabolome Database (HMD) database searching and literature review, these metabolites were found to be mainly correlated with glucose metabolism, fat metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and intestinal microbial metabolism. These metabolic disorders might, in turn, reflect important pathological processes such as proliferation and migration of tumor cells and immune escape in GCT.Our work showed that these potential biomarkers identified appeared to have early diagnostic and relapse monitoring values for GCT, which deserve to be further investigated. In addition, it also suggested that metabolomics profiling approach is a promising screening tool for the diagnosis and relapse monitoring of GCT patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/diagnóstico , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Metabolômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
14.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(4): 382-387, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dynamic expression of transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) and heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) and explore their roles in the progression of hepatic fibrosis induced by Schistosoma japonicum infection. METHODS: Fifty female mice of the ICR strain were randomly divided into the infection group and the normal control group, of 25 mice in each group. Each mouse in the infection group was infected with 20 ± 1 cercariae of S. japonicum via the abdominal skin, while uninfected animals served as normal control. Five mice were sacrificed 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks post-infection and liver tissues were sampled. Serum HSP47 and TGF-ß1 was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the pathological changes of liver specimens were observed with hematoxylin & eosin (HE) staining. In addition, the synthesis of alpha 1 chain of type I collagen (COL1A1) was measured using Masson staining, and the mRNA expression of TGF-ß1, HSP47 and COL1A1 was determined using real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay. RESULTS: During the period of S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis, the serum HSP47 and TGF-ß1 levels and the mRNA expression of TGF - ß1, HSP47 and COL1A1 gradually increased with the progression of hepatic fibrosis. The serum levels of HSP47 and TGF-ß1 were (179.26 ± 29.87) pg/mL and (22.37 ± 5.21) ng/mL 6 weeks post-infection, respectively, which were significantly greater than those [(150.29 ± 34.91) pg/mL and (18.54 ± 7.78) ng/mL, respectively] in the normal control group (both P values < 0.05). In addition, the mRNA expression of HSP47, COL1A1 and TGF-ß1 was (0.86 ± 0.04), (1.17 ± 0.06) and (0.64 ± 0.13) in mouse liver specimens, which was significantly higher than that (0.23 ± 0.03, 0.20 ± 0.02 and 0.38 ± 0.02) in the normal control group (all P values < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of TGF-ß1 and HSP47 during the period of S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis is consistent with the progression of the hepatic fibrosis, and exhibits the same tendency with type I collagen expression. HSP47 is a novel promising diagnosis marker and therapeutic target for S. japonicum-induced hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP47 , Cirrose Hepática , Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistossomose Japônica , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP47/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP47/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Distribuição Aleatória , Esquistossomose Japônica/complicações , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
15.
Acta Gastroenterol Belg ; 82(3): 397-400, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early prediction of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP)would be helpful for triaging patients to the appropriate level of care and intervention. The aim of this study is to compare the performance of the Change in Amylase And Body mass index (CAB) score and BISAP score for predicting SAP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 406 with AP were enrolled. The age, gender, body mass index(BMI), blood urea nitrogen determined at the time of admission and serum amylase determined on day 1 and day 2 after hospitalization were collected and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: Multivariable analysis confirmed that blood urea nitrogen (OR 1.06; 95%CI 1.03-1.09) and percentage change in amylase day 2 (OR 0.75; 95%CI 0.65-0.87) were independently associated with development of SAP. No statistically significant association was observed between BMI (OR 1.04; 95%CI 0.951.13) and severity of acute pancreatitis. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for Body mass index (BMI), percentage change in amylase day 2, BISAP score and CAB score were 0.57±0.05, 0.68±0.04, 0.84±0.03 and0.53±0.05, respectively. CONCLUSION: BISAP is more accurate for predicting the severity of acute pancreatitis than the CAB score.


Assuntos
Amilases/sangue , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Pancreatite/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Doença Aguda , Biomarcadores/sangue , Humanos , Pancreatite/classificação , Pancreatite/patologia , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17108, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567947

RESUMO

Although some studies found that an increased monocyte count is a predictive, short-term marker of unfavorable outcomes for patients with acute heart failure (HF), others have reported that monocytosis predicts prolonged survival.The current follow-up study aimed to identify different monocyte count patterns and their prognostic association with HF outcomes.Baseline blood samples for complete blood counts, differential counts, renal function tests, and lipid profiles of 303 chronic HF patients (average NYHA classification 2.8) were prospectively obtained to evaluate whether there is an association between monocyte count and clinical outcomes.Mean follow-up was 11.3 years (range 1 month to 16 years) and 111 (36.6%) patients died during follow-up. Mean monocyte count was 10.6 ±â€Š5.5 and mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 36%. Patients with low monocyte counts (≤6%) had significantly lower survival rates than did those with monocyte counts 6.1% to 14%, or >14% (14.3% vs 70.2% vs. 88%, P < .001). Poorest survival was predicted for patients with NYHA class 3 to 4 and monocyte counts ≤6. Regression analysis showed that monocyte levels, NYHA class, and LVEF values were predictors of mortality, in decreasing importance.The total monocyte count was found to be an important prognostic factor that was inversely associated with predicted long-term mortality among patients with chronic HF. A low total monocyte count was strongly correlated with NYHA class and B-type natriuretic peptide levels, but no correlation was found with LVEF and oxidized low-density lipoproteins. It emerged as an independent risk factor for mortality in patients with chronic HF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Monócitos/citologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Humanos , Israel , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17208, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567972

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn disease (CD) are the most common forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Because these subtypes of IBD are characterized by periods of activity and remission, an understanding of the modulation of biochemical markers with the clinical features of IBD or its treatment, may be useful for determining the correct treatment protocol.This study aimed to evaluate the serum levels of 27 protein biomarkers to determine their association with IBD, correlation with clinical findings of disease, and modulation according to the pharmacologic therapy.A case-control study was carried out in Zacatecas, Mexico. The 27 protein profiles of serum from 53 participants (23 UC, 11 CD, and 19 controls) were evaluated using the Pro Human Cytokine 27-Plex immunoassay (Bio-Rad).Considering the controls as a reference, the group with IBD endoscopic activity showed higher serum levels of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), and platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) (P < .05). Interferon-induced protein 10 (IP-10) was associated with extraintestinal symptoms of disease (P = .041). Both PDGF-BB and interleukin 6 (IL-6) showed the strongest correlations with clinical features of IBD. Levels of IL-6, IL-7, and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 were higher with 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) + Azathioprine therapy than controls (P < .05). Combined therapy with 5-ASA + Adalimumab led to the strongest changes in marker modulation: IL-4, IL-5, IL-15, and PDGF-BB, were upregulated (P < .05).Elevated serum levels of G-CSF, IL-1Ra, and PDGF-BB were associated with IBD endoscopic activity, and of IP-10 with extraintestinal manifestations of IBD. Combined therapy of 5-ASA + Adalimumab produced significant upregulation of IL-4, IL-5, IL-15, and PDGF-BB. This information may be useful for deciding on the course of pharmacologic therapy for patients with IBD and for generating new therapy alternatives to improve the outcome of patients with IBD.


Assuntos
Quimiocinas/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/sangue , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/sangue , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Becaplermina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimiocina CXCL10/sangue , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/sangue , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Mesalamina/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Interleucina-1/sangue
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17253, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) and tuberculosis pleural effusion (TPE) are 2 kinds of common pleural diseases. Finding efficient and accurate biomarkers to distinguish the 2 is of benefit to basic and clinical research. In the present study, we carried out the first high-throughput autoantibody chip to screen the beneficial biomarker with samples of MPE and TPE and the corresponding serum. METHODS: We collected pleural effusion and serum of patients with MPE (n = 10) and TPE (n = 10) who had been in Beijing Chao-Yang hospital from June 2013 to August 2014. Using RayBio Human Protein Array-G2 to measure the concentration of 487 defined autoantibodies. RESULTS: Fold changes of Bcl-2-like protein 11 (BIM) autoantibody in MPE-serum/TPE-serum and MPE/TPE groups were 10 (P = .019) and 6 (P = .001); for decorin autoantibody, MPE-serum/TPE-serum ratio was 0.6 (P = .029), and MPE/TPE ratio was 0.3 (P < .001). CONCLUSION: BIM autoantibody is a promising MPE biomarker by high-throughput autoantibody analysis in MPE and TPE.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Derrame Pleural Maligno/sangue , Derrame Pleural/sangue , Tuberculose Pleural/sangue , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Proteína 11 Semelhante a Bcl-2/sangue , Proteína 11 Semelhante a Bcl-2/imunologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/imunologia , Derrame Pleural Maligno/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural Maligno/imunologia , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pleural/imunologia
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17278, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568009

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, represents a potentially life-threatening condition. In recent studies, adjuvant corticosteroids therapy has been shown to improve outcome in severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP); however, the treatment response to corticosteroids vary. It is important to select patients likely to benefit from the treatment. Currently, the optimal patient selection of corticosteroids treatment is not yet clearly defined. METHODS: Sphingosine-1-phosphate and pneumonia (SOPN) trial is a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial that will investigate if sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) can be an indicator for initiating adjuvant corticosteroids therapy in patients with severe CAP. Participants will be recruited from the emergency department and randomized to receive 20 mg of methylprednisolone twice daily or placebo for 5 days. The primary outcome will be "in-hospital mortality." Secondary outcomes will include intensive care unit (ICU) admission, length of ICU stay, length of hospital stay, and clinical outcomes at Day 7 and Day 14. CONCLUSION: SOPN trial is the first randomized placebo-controlled trial to investigate whether S1P can be a predictive biomarker for adjuvant corticosteroids therapy in patients with severe CAP. The trial will add additional data for the appropriate use of adjuvant corticosteroids therapy in patients with severe CAP. Results from this clinical trial will provide foundational information supporting that if the S1P is appropriate for guiding the patient selection for corticosteroids adjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Lisofosfolipídeos/sangue , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Esfingosina/análogos & derivados , Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Protocolos Clínicos , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/sangue , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/mortalidade , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pneumonia/sangue , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Esfingosina/sangue
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17315, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568018

RESUMO

Early differential diagnosis of bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by different sources and species of bacteria in hospitalized patients is crucial for the timely targeted interventions including appropriate use of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to identify 9 biomarkers for the early differentiation of gram-negative-bloodstream infection (GN-BSI), gram-positive (GP)-BSI, and fungal-BSI.A prospective study was conducted for a total of 390 inpatients who underwent blood culture in the Chinese PLA General Hospital from September 2015 to March 2018. Patients with positive culture of a single pathogen were divided into GN-BSI, GP-BSI, and Fungal-BSI groups, and a culture-negative disease control group was also established. The serum levels of macrophage inflammatory protein 1ß (MIP-1ß), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-3, interferon (IFN)-γ, IL-17A, IL-4, IL-12p70, and P-selectin were detected and the NLR was calculated from routine blood test. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis was used to determine the efficacy of various indicators in the differential diagnosis of BSIs. Prediction and validation experiments on clinical patient samples (263 cases) were also performed.The level of IL-3 in the GP-BSI group was significantly higher than those in the other 3 groups. The level of IFN-γ in the fungal-BSI group was significantly higher than those in the other 3 groups. NLR, MIP-1ß, TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL3 exhibited some efficacy when distinguishing between GN-BSI and GP-BSI and NLR had the largest area under curve (AUC) (0.728), followed by MIP-1ß with an AUC of 0.679. IFN-γ and IL-3 exhibited some value in differential diagnosis between GN-BSI and Fungal-BSI. IL-3, MIP-1ß, TNF-α, IFN-γ, NLR, IL-17A, and IL-4 exhibited some value in distinguishing fungal-BSI and GP-BSI, with IL-3 had the largest AUC (0.722), followed by MIP-1ß with an AUC of 0.703.NLR and MIP-1ß may be valuable in differentiating GN-BSI from GP-BSI in hospitalized patients. IFN-γ and IL-3 may be helpful in differential diagnosis GN-BSI and fungal-BSI. IL-3 and MIP-1ß exhibited some diagnostic efficacy in distinguishing fungal-BSI and GP-BSI. Additionally, IL-3 with high serum level may be a marker for GP-BSI and IFN-γ with high serum level may be a valuable marker for the prediction of Fungal-BSI. The utility of these biomarkers to predict BSIs owing to different pathogens in hospitalized patients needs to be assessed in further studies.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Quimiocina CCL4/sangue , Infecção Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/diagnóstico , Interferon gama/sangue , Interleucina-12/sangue , Interleucina-17/sangue , Interleucina-3/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Micoses/diagnóstico , Proteínas NLR/sangue , Selectina-P/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Bacteriemia/sangue , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecção Hospitalar/sangue , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/sangue , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/microbiologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/sangue , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/sangue , Micoses/microbiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
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