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1.
Food Chem ; 302: 125326, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416003

RESUMO

Ruminant meat is considered an excellent source of proteins, dietary fatty acids and essential minerals. Grilling is a popular cooking method; however, the high temperatures employ could modify the grilled meat quality and safety. In this study, the effects of novel beer-based marinades infused with herbs and spices on the quality, safety, and sensory perception of grilled beef and moose meat is examined. Unmarinated meat showed high content of volatile lipid oxidation and Maillard reaction products compared to the marinated samples, which contained higher number and abundance of terpenes and sulfur based compounds. Strong relationships between Maillard products and heterocyclic amines formation, as well as between volatile terpenes and the lipophilic antioxidant activity, were observed in the grilled meats. The findings suggest the unfiltered beer-based marinades were effective in reducing lipid oxidation and Maillard reaction compounds formation, while improving the nutritional quality, safety and sensory preference of grilled ruminant meats.


Assuntos
Cerveja , Culinária/métodos , Carne , Ruminantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Aminas/análise , Aminas/química , Animais , Bovinos , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Compostos Heterocíclicos/análise , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Reação de Maillard , Carne/análise , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Nutritivo , Carne Vermelha , Especiarias , Paladar , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
2.
Food Chem ; 303: 125378, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450176

RESUMO

This work introduces an inexpensive and user-friendly electrochemical platform for heavy metal determination in liquid food. Smart-phone connectivity, solid-state-microwave flow digestion and nano-Au-modified electrode are synchronously studied. A smart phone is adopted as the information terminal for universal purposes. A solid-state-microwave digestion device is developed to provide programmable digestion for liquid food in a digestion path. Microwave power curve and flow rate in digestion are studied and optimized. A nano-Au-modified electrode, as well as a homemade potentiostat and other electrodes, is used as a tool for electrochemical analyses. Behaviors of this method are evaluated with electrical measurement and stripping voltammetry. This method is used for sensing Cd2+, Pb2+ and Hg2+ in cow milk, orange juice and apple juice. It provides a sensitive response to ≥2 µg L-1 target ion, and shows satisfying stability and good accuracy in a task up to 72 h.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Leite/química , Smartphone , Animais , Cádmio/análise , Bovinos , Eletrodos , Feminino , Ouro/química , Chumbo/análise , Mercúrio/análise , Micro-Ondas
3.
Food Chem ; 303: 125395, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454758

RESUMO

The multi-isotope calibration (MICal) is a fast and accurate calibration strategy for multi-elemental determination that uses only two solutions, (1) 50% (v v-1) sample plus 50% (v v-1) analytical blank solution, and (2) 50% (v v-1) sample plus 50% (v v-1) standard solution (containing the analytes). The calibration curves were built as a function of the intensity signals of solution 1 (y-axis) versus solution 2 (x-axis), employing the various isotopes of each monitored mass/charge. The concentration of the analytes was calculated from the slope and the concentrations of the standards added to solution 2. The validation of the method was evaluated using standard reference materials of bovine liver and bovine muscle. The recoveries varied from 87 to 113% for MICal, which were similar to the conventional standard additions calibration procedure (83 to 120%).


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Carne/análise , Animais , Calibragem , Bovinos , Isótopos , Fígado/química , Produtos da Carne/análise
4.
Water Res ; 168: 115099, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604174

RESUMO

Cow manure (CM) was added to a dynamic membrane bioreactor (DMBR) operated under anaerobic condition for enhancing food waste (FW) digestion for over 300 days with stepwise increase of organic loading rates (OLRs) from 1.07 to 11.9 g COD/L/day. At a FW/CM ratio of 3.5:1 (based on volatile solids), the mixed liquor pH was always above 8.0 and no apparent volatile fatty acids (VFAs) accumulation occurred even at the highest OLR of 11.9 g COD/L/day (hydraulic retention time as 10 days and solid retention time as 15.5 days, correspondingly), indicating a very stable operation condition which resulted in an average CH4 yield as high as 250 mL/g COD and CH4 production as high as 2.71 L CH4/L/day. The hardly biodegradable organic components, such as cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, were effectively degraded by 78.3%, 58.8%, and 47.5%, respectively. Significantly high anaerobic digestion reaction ratios, especially the hydrolysis ratio which is usually the limiting factor, were calculated based on experimental results. Furthermore, the high lignocellulase contents and coenzyme F420 levels, along with the decrease of cellulose crystallinity from 72.6% to 16.4% in the feedstock, provided strong evidence of an enhanced biological activity by CM addition. By high-throughput sequencing analysis, more abundant and diverse bacterial, archaeal, and fungal genera were identified from the DMBR sludge. With CM addition, the biodegradation of lignocellulose might have produced sufficient H2 and CO2 for the hydrogenotrophic methanogens such as Methanoculleus, Methanomassiliicoccus, and Methanobacterium, which were highly tolerant to ammonium inhibition, and then the elevated ammonium level would have provided high buffering capacity in the DMBR thus ensuring a stable condition for high rate FW digestion and CH4 production.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Eliminação de Resíduos , Anaerobiose , Animais , Biocombustíveis , Reatores Biológicos , Bovinos , Feminino , Alimentos , Esterco , Metano
5.
Food Chem ; 302: 125296, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400698

RESUMO

The process of manufacturing infant milk formulas (IMFs) involves heat treatments that can lead to whey protein denaturation. The objective of the study was to determine how protein composition affects the denaturation kinetics of the whey proteins within IMFs. Three model IMFs (1.3% of cow's milk protein) were produced with a caseins: whey proteins ratio of 40:60, differing only by the whey protein composition. The kinetics of heat-induced denaturation of α-lactalbumin, ß-lactoglobulin and lactoferrin were investigated between 67.5 °C and 80 °C by chromatographic quantification of the residual native proteins. Results showed that the heat-denaturation of α-lactalbumin was reduced when ß-lactoglobulin was absent. The heat-denaturation of lactoferrin was not affected by the composition of the IMFs but its presence enhanced the heat-denaturation of ß-lactoglobulin. This study revealed that, for higher heat treatments (90 °C/15 s, 75 °C/15 min), IMF containing α-lactalbumin and lactoferrin preserved a higher proportion of native whey proteins than IMFs containing ß-lactoglobulin.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Fórmulas Infantis/química , Desnaturação Proteica , Proteínas do Soro do Leite/química , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Lactente , Cinética
6.
Food Chem ; 302: 125199, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400699

RESUMO

Animal bones are a high-quality source of protein and comprehensive nutrients and improper handling can cause resource wasting and environmental issues. Pretreatment before enzymatic hydrolysis of bone could significantly improve the enzymolytic efficiency, which is an essential step to achieve high value-added utilization of bones. This study investigated the effect of lipase pretreatment on the enzymatic hydrolysis of bones. The degree of hydrolysis after lipase pretreatment was 12.58%, which was 8.19% higher than that without pretreatment. Lipase pretreatment was optimal at 9% substrate concentration and initial pH 7.5, with 0.08% lipase, followed by 4 h incubation at 40 °C. Mechanism analysis indicated that lipase pretreatment improved the enzymolytic efficiency by significantly decreasing the lipid content, and changing the surface structure and surface element content of C, N, and O, promoting the attachment of alkaline protease onto the sample. Overall, lipase pretreatment was an effective method to reduce the costs of production.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Lipase/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Bovinos , Hidrólise
7.
Toxicol Lett ; 318: 50-56, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622650

RESUMO

The development of three generic multi-compartment physiologically based kinetic (PBK) models is described for farm animal species, i.e. cattle, sheep, and swine. The PBK models allow one to quantitatively link external dose and internal dose for risk assessment of chemicals relevant to food and feed safety. Model performance is illustrated by predicting tissue concentrations of melamine and oxytetracycline and validated through comparison with measured data. Overall, model predictions were reliable with 71% of predictions within a 3-fold of the measured data for all three species and only 6% of predictions were outside a 10-fold of the measured data. Predictions within a 3-fold change were best for cattle, followed by sheep, and swine (82%, 76%, and 63%). Global sensitivity analysis was performed to identify the most sensitive parameters in the PBK model. The sensitivity analysis showed that body weight and cardiac output were the most sensitive parameters. Since interspecies differences in metabolism impact on the fate of a wide range of chemicals, a key step forward is the introduction of species-specific information on transporters and metabolism including expression and activities.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Gado/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Oxitetraciclina/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Ração Animal/toxicidade , Animais , Bovinos , Oxitetraciclina/administração & dosagem , Oxitetraciclina/efeitos adversos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Carneiro Doméstico , Especificidade da Espécie , Sus scrofa , Distribuição Tecidual , Triazinas/administração & dosagem , Triazinas/toxicidade
8.
Waste Manag ; 101: 35-43, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586875

RESUMO

CH4 is one of the main greenhouse gases (GHGs) generated from agricultural sector, and a significant amount of it is emitted during the storage of livestock manure. To mitigate the CH4 emissions, strong acid addition to the manure was attempted, which is only applicable to slurry-type manure. On the other hand, lowering the storage temperature could be an effective method to reduce the CH4 emissions, particularly applicable to solid-type manure. In this study, cattle manure (CM) with a high-solid content (TS > 30%) was stored at different temperatures (15-35 °C) for 80 d. The highest CH4 emissions of 375.1 kg CO2 eq./ton VS was observed at 35 °C, and this was reduced to less than half at ≤20 °C. Like the difference in CH4 emissions, the degradation of organic matter showed a similar trend. The maximum VS reduction of 29% was observed at 35 °C, while only 8% reduction was observed at 15 °C. Results from microbial community analyses and specific methanogenic activity tests indicated that hydrogenotrophic methanogens were the dominant indigenous CH4-producers, and the abundance of psychrophilic methanogens increased with decreasing temperature. The conservation of organic matter at low temperature led to an increase in biogas production potential from 25 to 43 L CH4/kg CM. It was calculated that the GHGs emissions from electricity consumption for cooling CM below 25 °C can be offset by mitigating CH4 emissions during storage but increasing in subsequent biogas production potential of CM. Compared at 35 °C, 91.6 kg CO2 eq./ton CM of GHGs reduction can be attained at 15 °C.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Esterco , Animais , Biocombustíveis , Bovinos , Metano , Temperatura Ambiente
9.
Waste Manag ; 101: 141-149, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610475

RESUMO

Improving the quality and quantity of biogas usually requires pre-treatment to maximize methane yields and/or post-treatment to remove H2S, which involves considerable energy consumption and higher costs. Therefore, this study proposes a cost-effective method for the enhanced anaerobic digestion (AD) of dairy manure (DM) without pre/post-treatment by directly adding waste iron powder (WIP) and iron oxide nanoparticles (INPs) to batch digesters. The results showed that the addition of iron in the form of microscale WIP (generated from the laser cutting of iron and steel) at concentrations of 100 mg/L, 500 mg/L, and 1000 mg/L improved methane yields by 36.99%, 39.36%, and 56.89%, respectively. In comparison, the equivalent dosages of INPs improved yields by 19.74%, 18.14%, and 21.11%, respectively. Additionally, the highest WIP dose (1000 mg/L) achieved the maximum improvement in the rate of hydrolysis (k), which was 1.25 times higher than in control reactions, and a maximum biomethane production rate (Rmax) of 0.045 L/gVS/d according to kinetic analysis models (i.e., first-order and the Gompertz kinetic models). The rate of H2S production was also significantly reduced (by 45.20%, 58.16%, and 77.24%) using the three WIP concentrations in comparison with INPs (which achieved reductions of 33.59%, 46.30%, and 53.52%, respectively). Therefore, the direct mixing of WIP with cattle manure is proposed as a practical and economical means of addressing complex and high-cost pre- and post-treatments that are otherwise required in the digestion process.


Assuntos
Esterco , Nanopartículas , Anaerobiose , Animais , Biocombustíveis , Reatores Biológicos , Bovinos , Compostos Férricos , Ferro , Cinética , Metano
10.
Food Chem ; 303: 125364, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445176

RESUMO

Lipid oxidation was considered as a problem in food conservation. The present study aims to investigate the effect of lipopeptides DCS1 on the conservation of food models against lipid oxidation by determining the primary and the secondary oxidation products. Lipopeptides DCS1 are able to preserve the nutritional properties of the emulsion during 23 days of storage, at a concentration of 0.0125% (w/w of emulsion), by slowing down the formation of hydroperoxides and malondialdehyde (MDA) compounds. The direct incorporation of lipopeptides in ground beef patties at a concentration of 0.5% (w/w of meat) was found to be more effective than gelatin film enriched with lipopeptides (2.5%, w/w of gelatin) as a coating, in inhibiting lipid oxidation. Furthermore, lipopeptides DCS1 are not toxic to human kidney cells HEK293 up to a concentration of 250 µg/ml. The results indicate that lipopeptides DCS1 are effective for the preservation of fatty foods against lipid oxidation.


Assuntos
Bacillus/química , Lipopeptídeos/farmacologia , Carne Vermelha , Óleo de Girassol/química , Água/química , Animais , Bovinos , Emulsões , Conservação de Alimentos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lipídeos/química , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Am J Dent ; 32(5): 245-250, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675193

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of toothpaste containing surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler particles to that of conventional sodium fluoride (NaF) toothpaste for the prevention of dentin demineralization and biofilm regrowth. METHODS: Bovine root dentin specimens and glass coverslips were used as biofilm growth substrates. To establish biofilms, glass and dentin specimens were incubated for 72 hours in 0.2% sucrose McBain medium inoculated with stimulated saliva from a single donor. Specimens then received a single 5-minute treatment with S-PRG toothpaste, fluoride toothpaste, or sterilized deionized water and were incubated in McBain medium for 120 hours to allow biofilm regrowth. Output parameters during regrowth (72-192 hours) were pH of spent medium, colony-forming unit (CFU) counts of biofilms, and dentin mineral profiles, integrated mineral loss (IML: vol% × µm), and lesion depth (Ld). Treatment group differences were tested by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's multiple range test (P< 0.05). RESULTS: At 144 hours, medium pH was significantly higher in the S-PRG-treated dentin group than in the NaF-treated dentin group. In addition, at 192 hours, the CFU count, IML, and Ld were lower in the S-PRG-treated dentin group than in the NaF-treated dentin group. There were significant differences of pH among dentin groups at 72 hours. Treatment with S-PRG toothpaste markedly inhibited dentin demineralization compared to that with NaF toothpaste. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Toothpaste containing multiple ions-releasing filler suppressed bacterial viability and inhibited dentin demineralization.


Assuntos
Desmineralização do Dente , Cremes Dentais , Animais , Biofilmes , Bovinos , Dentina , Fluoretos
12.
Arerugi ; 68(9): 1141-1147, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723111

RESUMO

We present a case of early childhood-onset pork-cat syndrome possibly due to sensitization by both cats and dogs. A 6-year-old girl was referred to our hospital because of repetitive episodes of urticaria when she consumed pork meat. The patient lived with a dog and the ground floor of her house was a veterinary clinic run by her veterinarian parents. Blood tests demonstrated high specific IgE (≥50UA/ml) against cat dander, dog dander, pork, Sus s 1, Fel d 2, Can f 1, Can f 2, and Can f 3. The skin prick test was positive for raw pork and beef. Western blotting analysis detected hot spots on 67-kDa proteins in pork meat and cat dander extract. Cross-reactivity between these two proteins was confirmed by an inhibition test. Furthermore, crossreactivity between pork meat and dog dander extract was also noted. Taken together, the diagnosis of porkcat syndrome was made, and both cats and dogs were suggested to have led to the sensitization. The patient was advised to only eat well-cooked pork, and has been followed thereafter without additional reactions. The previously reported cases of this syndrome developed during adolescence and young adulthood because a considerable period from the sensitization to the development cross-reactivity with pork meat is required. To our best knowledge, this is the youngest reported case of pork-cat syndrome among English and Japanese literatures. The nomenclature of this syndrome as pet animal-meat syndrome improves the understanding of the underlying pathogenesis of cross-reactivity between animal albumins and meat albumins.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Carne Vermelha , Alérgenos , Animais , Gatos , Bovinos , Criança , Reações Cruzadas , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Testes Cutâneos , Suínos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(5): 486-490, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the main risk factors of human cystic echinococcosis in Shiqu County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide the reference for the formulation of echinococcosis control strategies in Shiqu County. METHODS: During the period from November 2015 through June 2017, the patients with cystic echinococcosis (case group) and healthy controls (control group) were randomly sampled from Shiqu County as the study subjects. A questionnaire survey was conducted to capture the study subjects'age, gender, ethnicity, occupation, religion, lifestyle, education level, number of household dogs, bovine and sheep, and density of dog feces in the courtyard. The major risk factors of human cystic echinococcosis were identified using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: Univariate logistic regression analysis showed 7 risk factors with statistical significance between the case and control groups, and age, lifestyle, number of household bovine, number of household sheep, number of house-hold dogs, and the density of dog feces in the courtyard were included in the multivariate logistic regression model (OR = 1.026, 4.792, 1.067, 1.022, 1.709 and 1.095, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: High age, pastoral nomadic lifestyle, high number of house-hold bovine, high number of household sheep, high number of household dogs and high density of dog feces in the courtyard are strongly associated with the riks of human cystic echinococcosis in Shiqu County.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Equinococose , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Cães , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Fezes , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Ovinos
14.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(5): 519-521, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemic trend of schistosomiasis in China from 2010 to 2017 so as to provide the scientific evidence for schistosomiasis elimination. METHODS: The information of schistosomiasis control nationwide from 2010 to 2017 was collected, including the endemic of population, status of livestock control, and Oncomelania hupensis snail control. Microsoft Excel was applied for datum management and analysis. RESULTS: From 2010 to 2017, the epidemic of schistosomiasis in China dropped significantly. The decreasing amplitude of estimated number of patients nationwide was 88.46%. Seventy-one acute schistosomiasis patients were reported and 12.68% (9/71) of them were imported. The decreasing rate of cultivated cattle was 50.09%, and the accumulative number of schistosome-infected cattle was 17 239, and the average positive rate of stool examinations decreased from 1.04% to 0.000 22%. The area with snails nationwide was 373 596.18 to 363 068.95 hm2, and the new detected area with snails was 46.71 to 1 346.73 hm2. The area with schistosome-infected snails was 171.68 hm2 in 2012 and it was 9.25 hm2 in 2013. In 72 key monitoring points of 7 endemic provinces, there were 17 schistosome positive points of water body in 2010 and 6 points in 2016. There were some high risk-factors related to schistosomiasis transmission including schisto-some-infected cattle, dogs, and field rats, and the field stools, and the pasture in the area with snails in schistosomiasis monitoring points. CONCLUSIONS: The endemic status of schistosomiasis in China has dropped significantly, and the transmission level is very low. However, the infectious source and risk factors in the endemic environments have not be eliminated. Therefore, the infectious source control, health education, snail control, and transmission monitoring should be strengthened, so as to promote the progress of schistosomiasis elimination.


Assuntos
Doenças Endêmicas , Esquistossomose , Animais , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Cães , Doenças Endêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fezes , Humanos , Ratos , Schistosoma , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Caramujos
15.
Zootaxa ; 4619(3): zootaxa.4619.3.11, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716297

RESUMO

We describe a specimen of Apostolepis phillipsi Harvey, 1999, from Vila Bela da Santíssima Trindade, Mato Grosso, establishing the first unambiguous record of the species in Brazil. The new locality is ca. 120 km from the type locality, in Bolivia. We present an updated species diagnosis, the first image of a living specimen, and the first description of A. phillipsi coloration in life. Even though the Brazilian range of A. phillipsi lies within a protected area (Parque Estadual Serra Ricardo Franco-PESRF), it is threatened by cattle raising, logging and agriculture. PESRF lacks formal delimitation and a management plan, and the Mato Grosso State Legislature is considering a decree to extinguish PESRF, which could cause the extirpation of the Brazilian range of several endemic species.


Assuntos
Serpentes , Agricultura , Animais , Bolívia , Brasil , Bovinos
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(45): 12452-12460, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674183

RESUMO

Increasing cases of infections by foodborne pathogenic bacteria resulted in a great demand to find safe and novel antimicrobial compounds that can be used in the food industry. The isolation and application of antimicrobial peptides including lipopeptides has been increasing tremendously in the past years. In this study, a new bacterial strain called Brevibacillus laterosporus fmb70 (fmb70) was isolated and exhibited strong antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi. Two major antimicrobial components produced by fmb70 were respectively identified as lipopeptide: brevibacillin V (MW: 1570.12 Da) and brevibacillin (MW: 1583.75 Da), of which brevibacillin V was a new compound. Both of them consisted of 13 amino acids and C6 fatty acyl (FA) chain. Brevibacillin V and brevibacillin showed significant antimicrobial activities against most foodborne pathogenic bacteria and phytopathogenic fungi. They stayed activity at 100 °C and remained 50% of their antimicrobial activities at pH 3 for 22 h. Hemolytic activities of them were lower than 8%. They effectively eliminated the S. aureus GIM 1.142 and L. monocytogenes ATCC 21633 in skim milk. In conclusion, the Brevibacillus laterosporus fmb70 and its major antimicrobial components has remarkable potentials in the food industry.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Brevibacillus/química , Lipopeptídeos/química , Lipopeptídeos/farmacologia , Leite/microbiologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Brevibacillus/metabolismo , Bovinos , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lipopeptídeos/metabolismo , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mapeamento de Peptídeos
17.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(9): 789-793, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750819

RESUMO

Objective To develop the colloidal gold immunochromatography test strip for qualitatively detecting the hemoglobin (Hb) in human feces. Methods Mouse anti-human Hb monoclonal antibody SPR-5 marked by colloidal gold was coated in glass fiber membrane, and then the mouse anti-human Hb SP-5 monoclonal antibody and goat anti-mouse IgG were immobilized in testing (T) line and control (C) line located in nitrocellulose membranes, respectively. With this double antibody sandwich technique and immunochromatography test, the Hb antigen would react with both antibodies coated in the T line and C line and cause two colour reactions if the detected sample was positive, whereas the antigen-antibody combination and colour reaction only showed up in the C line when the sample was negative. Results The minimum detection limit of this test strip for human Hb was 21 ng/mL and no cross reactions were found in chick Hb, rabbit Hb, sheep Hb, pig Hb and cow Hb. Conclusion The test strips can improve the detection rate of fecal occult blood obviously and avoid false-positive results.


Assuntos
Cromatografia de Afinidade , Coloide de Ouro , Fitas Reagentes , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Bovinos , Reações Cruzadas , Feminino , Humanos , Sangue Oculto , Coelhos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ovinos , Especificidade da Espécie , Suínos
18.
Bioresour Technol ; 294: 122198, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574367

RESUMO

Black liquor-derived calcium-activated biochars (Ca-biochar) were synthesized by treating rice straw with Ca(OH)2 to create an adsorbent that was effective for removing phosphate from aqueous waste streams. The Ca(OH)2 acts to separate lignin from the biomass, create pores in the biochar solids and form active adsorption sites. The Ca-biochar adsorbent was efficient for the removal of phosphate from aqueous solutions (pH 1.0 to pH 13.0) with a highest phosphate adsorption capacity of 197 mg/g. Phosphate adsorption was correlated with pseudo-second-order kinetics and the Langmuir model with primary mechanisms being attributed to chemical precipitation and ligand exchange. Application of the Ca-biochar (0.2 g/L) to actual wastewater from a cattle farm (phosphorus content 3.78 mg/L) reduced the phosphorus content to 0.021 mg/L. This work utilizes waste black liquor to prepare functionalized biochar materials, providing a promising approach for black liquor reuse and phosphate removal and recovery from phosphorus-rich waste streams.


Assuntos
Fosfatos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Animais , Cálcio , Bovinos , Carvão Vegetal , Cinética , Soluções
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(87): 13112-13115, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612874

RESUMO

Biocompatible chemical cross-linked hybrid polyethylene glycol-based hydrogels were obtained from a sol-gel process using bis-silylated molecular precursors in biocompatible conditions. This soft procedure (pH = 7.4, at 25 °C), allows the production of microgels by microfluidics and easy encapsulation of a model protein (Bovin Serum Albumine, BSA).


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Hidrogéis/síntese química , Microfluídica , Polietilenoglicóis/síntese química , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Bovinos , Géis/química , Hidrogéis/química , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Propriedades de Superfície
20.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(11): 1452-1456, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650765

RESUMO

Objective: To study the preservation effect of true bone ceramics (TBC) prepared by high-temperature calcination of bovine bone on alveolar ridge of canine extraction socket. Methods: Six healthy Beagle dogs (aged 1.5-2 years) were selected to extract the second and fourth premolars of both mandibles and the second premolars of the maxilla. The left extraction socket was implanted with TBC as the experimental group, and the right side was implanted with the calcined bovine bone (CBB) as the control group, to observe the alveolar ridge preservation effect. Three dogs were euthanized after general observation at 1 and 6 months after operation respectively. After separating the maxilla and mandible, cone beam CT (CBCT) was performed to measure the average gray value of the graft site and the adjacent reference area (the area between the roots of the adjacent third premolar) and calculate the gray scale ratio between the bone graft site and the reference area. Histological observation was made on the bone graft site to evaluate the new bone formation. Results: General observation showed that the wounds of both groups were basically healed at 2 weeks after operation, and the bone graft materials were not exposed. The wounds healed well at 1 and 6 months after operation without swelling. The results of CBCT showed that the residual material was found in both groups at 1 month after operation, and no significant residual material was found in both groups at 6 months after operation, and the alveolar ridge height of the bone graft area was not significantly reduced. There was no significant difference in the bone mineral density between the experimental group and the control group. The gray scale ratios of the experimental group at 1 month and 6 months after operation were 0.97±0.14 and 0.93±0.06, respectively, and were 0.99±0.16 and 0.94±0.05 in control group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( t=-1.030, P=0.333; t=-0.770, P=0.466). HE staining observation showed that a large number of bone graft materials did not degrade and new bone formed around the grafts in both groups at 1 month after operation; the bone graft materials were absorbed and a large number of new bones were formed in both groups at 6 months after operation. Conclusion: TBC can maintain bone mineral density and have good osteoconductivity in the alveolar ridge site preservation experiment of dogs, and can be used for alveolar ridge site preservation.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Processo Alveolar , Animais , Bovinos , Cerâmica , Cães , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental
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