Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 366.399
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 432: 137104, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37625299

RESUMO

Bovine casein was selected as a model protein to evaluate the impact of food matrix on the thermal degradation of antibiotics. Fluorescence quenching and isothermal titration calorimetry experiments revealed that chlortetracycline (CTC) could spontaneously bind to casein via hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions. The amino acid residues forming the binding pocket were further identified using molecular docking, while saturation transfer difference NMR deciphered that the binding of CTC engages its -N(CH3)2 group. Moreover, the degradation behavior of free CTC versus that bound in casein-CTC complex was compared during thermal treatment. Compared with free CTC, a lower first-order rate constant was observed in the presence of casein. Removal of casein shortened the half-life of CTC by at least 48.1% at low concentrations. Elucidating that the formation of protein-antibiotic complexes alters the amenability of antibiotics to degradative reactions, which could help eliminate residual antibiotics and guarantee the safety of dairy products.


Assuntos
Clortetraciclina , Animais , Bovinos , Caseínas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Antibacterianos , Aminoácidos
2.
Food Chem ; 432: 137168, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37659331

RESUMO

Herein, an efficient, simple and economical approach to remove antibiotics (ABX), i.e. ceftiofur hydrochloride, sulfamonomethoxine sodium (SMM), marbofloxacin and oxytetracycline by sonication with activated carbon (AC) from cow milk has been successfully implemented. The pseudo-first-order kinetics constants for the sonolytic and sonocatalytic degrading SMM are 0.036 and 0.093 min-1, respectively. The synergistic efficiency of removing ABX by using sonocatalysis reached 1.8-4.0. Hydrophobic ABX underwent faster degradation than hydrophilic ABX in sonocatalytic systems. Adding 0.5 mmol L-1 H2O2, the optimal concentration, improved the sonocatalytic degradation rates of ABX by 9.1%-28.5%. Surface area and dose of AC play crucial roles in the sonocatalysis of ABX. By sonicating 50 mL of 5.52 µmol L-1 ABX in milk at 500 kHz and 259 W with 20 mg AC for 20-60 min resulted in residual ABX concentrations ranging from 42.6 to 95.1 µg L-1, which meet the relative maximum residue limits set by European Commission.


Assuntos
Oxitetraciclina , Sulfamonometoxina , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Antibacterianos , Leite , Carvão Vegetal , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
3.
Food Chem ; 432: 137088, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37688815

RESUMO

Active packaging that prolongs food shelf life, maintaining its quality and safety, is an increasing industrial demand, especially if integrated in a circular economy model. In this study, the fabrication and characterization of sustainable cellulose-based active packaging using food-industry waste and natural extracts as antioxidant agents was assessed. Grape marc, olive pomace and moringa leaf extracts obtained by supercritical fluid, antisolvent and maceration extraction in different solvents were compared for their antioxidant power and phenolic content. Grape and moringa macerates in acetone and methanol, as the most efficient and cost-effective extracts, were incorporated in the packaging as coatings or in-between layers. Both systems showed significant free-radical protection in vitro (antioxidant power 50%) and more than 50% prevention of ground beef lipid peroxidation over 16 days by indirect TBARS and direct in situ Raman microspectroscopy measurements. Therefore, these systems are promising for industrial applications and more sustainable farm-to-fork food production systems.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Moringa oleifera , Bovinos , Animais , Embalagem de Alimentos , Aditivos Alimentares , Alimentos , Resíduos Industriais
4.
Food Chem ; 430: 137049, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37544157

RESUMO

The ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS) method was built to quantify the casein glycomacropeptide (CGMP) in bovine dairy products accurately based on targeted proteomics. Qualitative analysis of theoretical peptides was carried out using high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) and protein software. Isotope-labeled characteristic peptides were acquired via the labeled amino acid condensation method to correct the matrix effects. Peptide MAIPPK was the representative characteristic peptide for distinguishing the CGMP from κ-casein through trypsin digestion. After optimizing the pre-treatment conditions, the final 8% oxidant concentration was selected and the 10% formic acid concentration with 2.5 h oxidation time. Moreover, the results of methodological verification showed that the recovery rate was 103.7%, meanwhile the precision of inter-day and intra-day was less than 5%. In conclusion, the research demonstrated the characteristic peptide MAIPPK could quantitatively applied to detect CGMP in dairy products.


Assuntos
Caseínas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Bovinos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Peptídeos/química , Laticínios/análise
5.
Food Chem ; 430: 136977, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37552901

RESUMO

Milk oligosaccharides (MOs) exhibit significant variations in concentrations and patterns among different species. However, there is limited knowledge about milk oligosaccharides in domestic animals and the impact of heat treatment on them. Here, we developed an LC-ESI-MS/MS method to analyze 11 milk oligosaccharides in 7 distinct species simultaneously. The results showed that human milk presented a completely different composition pattern of milk oligosaccharides from animals. In detail, animal milk predominantly contained sialylated oligosaccharides, and human milk had high levels of fucosylated neutral oligosaccharides. Notably, sheep milk exhibited similarities to human milk in terms of oligosaccharides composition. Then, the milk samples from dairy cows were treated with two common industrial heat treatments. We found that 65 °C treatment had no significant effect on the concentration of milk oligosaccharides, whereas 135 °C heating was associated with their decline, suggesting that high temperatures should be avoided in the processing of oligosaccharides supplemented/enriched products.


Assuntos
Leite , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Bovinos , Animais , Feminino , Ovinos , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Temperatura Alta , Leite Humano , Oligossacarídeos , Mamíferos
6.
Food Chem ; 430: 137036, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37536066

RESUMO

Peptides in fresh and aged beef strip loin (M. longissimus lumborum) and tenderloin (M. psoas major) were quantified to investigate the relationship between proteolysis-induced peptides and beef quality characteristics. A total of 409 and 450 peptides were quantified from strip loin and tenderloin, respectively, and found to be significantly correlated to beef quality characteristics. Changes in redness and yellowness were significantly correlated to the peptides derived from G3P, ENOB, and KCRM in both muscles during 14 days of storage. The peptides produced from MYG, ENOB, HBA, PGK1, and TPIS were strongly associated with improved tenderness, while those derived from major myofibrillar proteins, such as MYH1, MYH2, ACTS, and DESM, were associated with changes in tenderloin color. These results improve our understanding of the association between peptides and changes in meat quality during cold storage, indicating that proteolysis-induced peptides can be indicators of the quality characteristics of fresh and aged meat.


Assuntos
Carne Vermelha , Animais , Bovinos , Carne Vermelha/análise , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/química , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Armazenamento de Alimentos
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 318(Pt A): 116934, 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37480967

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Wuweiganlu (WGL) is a well-known formulation described in the "Four Medical Scriptures of Tibetan medicine", which is mainly used for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and other chronic ailments prescribed by Tibetan medicine. Nonetheless, the active constituents present in the water extracts of Wuweiganlu (WGLWE) specifically targeting arthritis treatment are largely unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study is to explore the effects and underlying mechanisms of the active components in WGLWE on RA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We utilized ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with Q-TOF mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) to identify the main chemical compositions of WGLWE. The polarization effect of WGLWE on bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) was determined. A rat model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was established by injecting an emulsion of bovine type II collagen mixed with an equal volume of incomplete Freund's adjuvant into the tail, paw and back of rats. A WGLWE-based ointment was topically applied to the legs and paws of the rats for 30 days. The rats' ankles were photographed to measure the degree of swelling. Micro-CT was used to image the knee joint and paw of rats, and the bone mineral density (BMD) and bone volume fraction (BV/TV) of knee joint in rats were analyzed. High-frequency ultrasound imaging of the rat knee joint was performed to observe knee joint effusion. Further, the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, and arginine (Arg-1) in CIA rats were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF) co-staining were employed to detect the expression levels of inflammatory factors in synovium. RESULTS: A total of 28 main components were identified in WGLWE, and these compounds can directly bind to the inflammatory pathway proteins such as JAK2, NFκB and STAT3. In vitro experiments demonstrated that WGLWE promoted the transformation of M1 macrophages into M2 macrophages and suppressed the release of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6. In vivo studies showed that WGLWE effectively reduced ankle swelling, alleviated knee joint effusion, and improved BV/TV while also reducing synovial inflammation levels. Furthermore, WGLWE compounds induced the transition of M1-type macrophages to M2-type macrophages in synovial tissue, resulting in decreased secretion of inflammatory factors TNF-α, WGLWE improved the synovial inflammatory state. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that WGLWE alleviated joint inflammation in CIA rats and the underlying mechanism may be related to inducing the transformation of bone marrow-derived M1 macrophages to M2 macrophages, leading to an increase in the secretion of anti-inflammatory factors and a decrease in pro-inflammatory factors. Therefore, WGLWE may be used as a potential herbal preparation for the treatment of RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Ratos , Animais , Bovinos , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Interleucina-6 , Ratos Wistar , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Macrófagos/metabolismo
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255055, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355865

RESUMO

Abstract This study was aimed to investigate Carbofuran (CF)-induced pathological changes in cattle egret. Two hundred cattle egrets were reared and equally divided into four groups and given different CF concentrations (0.03 mg/L, 0.02 mg/L, 0.01 mg/L and 0 mg/L (control group)). Hematology, serum biochemistry, histopathology, and immunological markers were studied. Our results confirm that CF induces anemic conditions, leukocytosis, elevated liver enzymatic activity, and alterations in renal biomarkers. Moreover, specific microscopic lesions such as multifocal necrosis, pyknotic nuclei, hemorrhages, congestion, and inflammatory cell proliferation were observed in the liver, kidney, spleen, and thymus. These findings suggest that CF can induce harmful effects, so the application of this pesticide in the field must be strictly monitored to mitigate the possibility of exposure to non-target species.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar as alterações patológicas induzidas por carbofurano (CF) em garças-vaqueiras. Duzentas dessas garças foram criadas e divididas igualmente em quatro grupos e receberam diferentes concentrações de CF: 0,03 mg/L; 0,02 mg/L; 0,01 mg/L; e 0 mg/L (grupo controle). Foram realizadas análises de hematologia, bioquímica sérica, histopatologia e marcadores imunológicos. Nossos resultados confirmaram que CF induz condições anêmicas, leucocitose, atividade enzimática hepática elevada e alterações nos biomarcadores renais. Além disso, lesões microscópicas específicas, como necrose multifocal, núcleos picnóticos, hemorragias, congestão e proliferação de células inflamatórias, foram observadas no fígado, rim, baço e timo. Esses achados sugerem que o CF pode causar efeitos nocivos, portanto a aplicação desse agrotóxico no campo deve ser rigorosamente monitorada para mitigar a possibilidade de exposição a espécies não alvo.


Assuntos
Animais , Carbofurano/toxicidade , Aves , Bovinos
9.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254011, 2024. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355886

RESUMO

Abstract Livestock is a fundamental part of the agriculture industry in Pakistan and contributes more than 11.53% to GDP. Among livestock species, the buffaloes are regarded as the black gold of Pakistan. Being the highest milk producers globally, Nili-Ravi buffaloes are the most famous ones. Buffaloes are affected by many endemic diseases, and "Hemorrhagic septicemia" (HS) is one of them. This study was designed to ascertain the effects of experimental exposure ofP. multocida B:2 (oral) and its immunogens, i.e., LPS (oral and intravenous) and OMP (oral and subcutaneous) on reproductive hormonal profiles in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Repeated serum samples were collected from the jugular vein of experimental animals for 21 days (0, 02, 04, 08, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 72, 120, 168, 216, 264, 360, 456 and 504 hours). Hormonal assays to determine the serum concentrations of Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH), Estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P4) were performed using (MyBioSource) commercial Elisa kits. The hormonal profile of all treatment groups of the buffalo heifers exhibited significant (P<0.05) variations as compared to the control group (G-1). These results indicate suppression in Nili-Ravi buffaloes' reproductive hormonal profile on exposure to P. multocida B:2 and its immunogens. This influence warrants that exposure to H.S may be a possible reason for delayed puberty and poor reproduction performance in Nili-Ravi buffaloes.


Resumo A pecuária é uma parte fundamental da indústria agrícola no Paquistão e contribui com 11,53% do PIB nacional. Entre as espécies de gado, os búfalos são considerados o ouro negro do Paquistão. Sendo os maiores produtores de leite em todo o mundo, os búfalos Nili-Ravi são os mais famosos. Os búfalos são afetados por muitas doenças endêmicas, entre as quais a "septicemia hemorrágica" (SH). Este estudo busca verificar os efeitos da exposição experimental de P. multocida B:2 (oral) e seus imunógenos, ou seja, LPS (oral e intravenoso) e OMP (oral e subcutâneo), nos perfis hormonais reprodutivos em búfalos Nili-Ravi. Amostras de soro repetidas foram coletadas da veia jugular de animais experimentais por 21 dias (0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 72, 120, 168, 216, 264, 360, 456 e 504 horas). Os ensaios hormonais para determinar as concentrações séricas do hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina (GnRH), hormônio foliculoestimulante (FSH), hormônio luteinizante (LH), estrogênio (E2) e progesterona (P4) foram realizados usando kits comerciais Elisa (MyBioSource). O perfil hormonal de todos os grupos de tratamento das novilhas bubalinas apresentou variações significativas (P < 0,05) em relação ao grupo controle (G-1). Esses resultados indicam supressão no perfil hormonal reprodutivo de búfalos Nili-Ravi na exposição a P. multocida B:2 e seus imunógenos. Essa influência garante que a exposição à SH possa ser uma possível razão para o atraso da puberdade e o baixo desempenho reprodutivo em búfalos Nili-Ravi.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Infecções por Pasteurella/veterinária , Reprodução , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Búfalos , Progesterona , Bovinos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Pasteurella multocida
10.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 32(3): e006423, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37672469

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between chronic Anaplasma marginale and Babesia spp. infection and hematological parameters of pregnant and non-pregnant taurine heifers. Blood samples from 94 females were collected on the first day (D-10) of timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol and on pregnancy diagnosis (D+34). Hematological parameters were determined and compared between pregnant (PG) and non-pregnant (NPG) heifers, and within group at different sampling days. Real-time PCR (qPCR) was used to determine A. marginale and Babesia bovis infection, and for absolute quantification of Babesia spp. between PG and NPG groups. Correlation analysis was performed between the number of gDNA copies (CN) of Babesia spp. and hematological parameters. On D-10, mean hemoglobin concentration was higher for NPG, and hematocrit and total plasma protein were higher on D+34 for both groups. There was no difference in Babesia spp. CN between groups. In the first qPCR, all heifers were positive for A. marginale and B. bovis. Significant correlations were found between hemoglobin and erythrocyte and between hemoglobin and hematocrit (r = 0.8082 and r = 0.3009, respectively). Low levels of A. marginale and Babesia spp. did not affect hematological parameters of chronically infected pregnant and non-pregnant taurine heifers.


Assuntos
Anaplasma marginale , Babesia bovis , Babesia , Babesiose , Doenças dos Bovinos , Gravidez , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Babesiose/diagnóstico , Taurina , Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(17)2023 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37686154

RESUMO

The mammary gland is composed of epithelial tissue forming ducts and lobules, and the stroma, composed of adipocytes, connective tissue, and other cell types. The stromal microenvironment regulates mammary gland development by paracrine and cell-cell interactions. In the present study, primary cultures of bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMEC) and bovine adipose-derived stem cells (bASC) subjected to adipogenic differentiation were used to investigate the influence of paracrine factors secreted by preadipocytes and adipocytes on bMEC development. Four types of conditioned media (CM) were collected from undifferentiated preadipocytes (preA) and adipocytes on days: 8, 12, 14 of differentiation. Next, bMEC were cultured for 24 h in CM and cell viability, apoptosis, migratory activity, ability to form spheroids on Matrigel, and secretory activity (alpha S1-casein concentration) were evaluated. CM derived from fully differentiated adipocytes (12 d and 14 d) significantly decreased the number of apoptotic cells in bMEC population and increased the size of spheroids formed by bMEC on Matrigel. CM collected from preadipocytes significantly enhanced bMEC's migration, and stimulated bMEC to produce alpha S1-casein, but only in the presence of prolactin. These results confirm that preadipocytes and adipocytes are important components of the stroma, providing paracrine factors that actively regulate the development of bovine mammary epithelium.


Assuntos
Caseínas , Comunicação Parácrina , Bovinos , Animais , Células Epiteliais , Adipócitos , Epitélio , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia
12.
Biomed Microdevices ; 25(4): 36, 2023 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37682413

RESUMO

Respiratory viruses can cause epidemics or pandemics, which are worldwide outbreaks of disease. The severity of these events varies depending on the virus, its characteristics, along with environmental factors. The frequency of epidemics and pandemics caused by respiratory viruses is difficult to predict, but the potential severity of such events underlines the importance of continued monitoring, research, and preparation for emerging infectious diseases. To help improve pandemic preparedness, we created a fully integrated duplex reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) device targeting two respiratory viruses, influenza A/X-31 virus and bovine coronavirus, as a replacement for SARS-CoV-2. This device can be adapted to any other respiratory virus. In this study, we showed and evaluated a prototype of a microfluidic system, and showed that duplex RT-LAMP can detect and distinguish between the two viruses, with LoDs of 2,000 copies/ml for bovine coronavirus and 200 copies/ml for influenza A/X-31 virus.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Influenza Humana , Viroses , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Vet Res ; 54(1): 73, 2023 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37684678

RESUMO

Pasteurella multocida is a gram-negative bacterium that causes serious diseases in a wide range of animal species. Inflammasomes are intracellular multimolecular protein complexes that play a critical role in host defence against microbial infection. Our previous study showed that bovine P. multocida type A (PmCQ2) infection induces NLRP3 inflammasome activation. However, the exact mechanism underlying PmCQ2-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation is not clear. Here, we show that NLRP3 inflammasome activation is positively regulated by a scaffold protein called receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1). This study shows that RACK1 expression was downregulated by PmCQ2 infection in primary mouse peritoneal macrophages and mouse tissues, and overexpression of RACK1 prevented PmCQ2-induced cell death and reduced the numbers of adherent and invasive PmCQ2, indicating a modulatory role of RACK1 in the cell death that is induced by P. multocida infection. Next, RACK1 knockdown by siRNA significantly attenuated PmCQ2-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation, which was accompanied by a reduction in the protein expression of interleukin (IL)-1ß, pro-IL-1ß, caspase-1 and NLRP3 as well as the formation of ASC specks, while RACK1 overexpression by pcDNA3.1-RACK1 plasmid transfection significantly promoted PmCQ2-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation; these results showed that RACK1 is essential for NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Furthermore, RACK1 knockdown decreased PmCQ2-induced NF-κB activation, but RACK1 overexpression had the opposite effect. In addition, the immunofluorescence staining and immunoprecipitation results showed that RACK1 colocalized with NLRP3 and that NEK7 and interacted with these proteins. However, inhibition of potassium efflux significantly attenuated the RACK1-NLRP3-NEK7 interaction. Our study demonstrated that RACK1 plays an important role in promoting NLRP3 inflammasome activation by regulating NF-κB and promoting NLRP3 inflammasome assembly.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Infecções por Pasteurella , Pasteurella multocida , Doenças dos Roedores , Animais , Bovinos , Camundongos , Inflamassomos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , NF-kappa B , Infecções por Pasteurella/veterinária , Receptores de Quinase C Ativada
14.
J Parasitol ; 109(5): 480-485, 2023 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37713533

RESUMO

Yak (Bos grunniens) farming is an important part of Mongolia's livestock industry. Yaks survive in harsh mountain environments; provide meat, milk, and wool; and serve as a mode of transportation. In Mongolia, yaks are frequently raised alongside other livestock animals such as cattle, Bactrian camels, sheep, goats, and horses. Recently, we demonstrated that Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina, and Babesia naoakii-parasites with the potential to cause clinical bovine babesiosis-infect not only cattle but also Bactrian camels in Mongolia. However, yaks have never been surveyed for Babesia infections in this country. In the present study, we surveyed yaks in 8 Mongolian provinces: Bayankhongor, Bayan-Ulgii, Khovd, Khovsgol, Omnogovi, Ovorkhangai, Uvs, and Zavkhan. Blood samples were taken and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was extracted from 375 yaks. Furthermore, Giemsa-stained thin smears were prepared from 315 of the 375 blood samples and then examined for the microscopic detection of Babesia parasites. Microscopy revealed that 34 (10.8%) of 315 blood smears were positive for Babesia parasites. All 375 DNA samples were then tested for B. bovis, B. bigemina, and B. naoakii infection using specific polymerase chain reaction assays. We observed that 238 (63.5%) yaks in all surveyed provinces and 8 (2.1%) yaks in 3 provinces (Bayankhongor, Bayan-Ulgii, and Omnogovi) were positive for B. bovis and B. bigemina, respectively. However, all yaks tested were negative for B. naoakii. This epidemiological survey, the first to report Babesia infection in Mongolian yaks, suggests that disease management strategies for yaks in this country should further address bovine babesiosis.


Assuntos
Babesia , Babesiose , Bovinos , Animais , Cavalos , Ovinos , Babesia/genética , Babesiose/epidemiologia , Mongólia/epidemiologia , Camelus , Gerbillinae , Cabras , Gado , DNA
15.
BMC Oral Health ; 23(1): 657, 2023 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37689626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: One of the key recommendations for the new WHO global strategy for oral health is inclusion of disadvantaged populations and their engagement in policy dialogues such that their needs and views are addressed in policy decisions. OBJECTIVES: This study explored oral health perceptions, practices and care-seeking experiences of slum residents in Ibadan, Nigeria. METHOD: Focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted with family health-decision makers in an urban slum site. Oral health perceptions, practices, and care-seeking experiences were discussed. FGDs were recorded, transcribed, and translated. ATLAS.ti qualitative research software was deployed for analysis using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Six FGD sessions, divided by gender and age, were conducted between September-October 2019, (N = total 58 participants, aged 25 to 59 years). Common dental ailments mentioned were dental pain, tooth sensitivity, bleeding gums, tooth decay, mouth odor, gum disease, and tooth fracture. Perceived causes of dental conditions included poor dental hygiene and habits, sugary diets, ignorance, and supernatural forces. Mouth cleaning was mostly done once daily using toothbrush and paste. Other cleaning tools were ground glass, wood ash, charcoal, "epa Ijebu" (a dentrifice), and "orin ata" (a type of chewing stick). Remedies for relieving dental pain included over-the-counter medicines, warm salted water, gin, tobacco (snuff/powdered), cow urine/dung, battery fluid, and various mixtures/ concoctions. Visits to the dentists were mentioned by a few but this was usually as last resort. Main barriers to accessing care from dental care facilities were unaffordability of service charges and fear of extreme treatment measures (extraction). Suggested measures to improve timely access to dental health care included reducing/subsidizing costs of treatments and medications, offering non-extraction treatment options, and oral health education programmes. CONCLUSION: The slum residents experience various forms of dental ailments mostly pain-related. The residents perceived formal dental clinics as unaffordable, thereby engaging in self-care remedies and harmful oral health practices before seeking professional help. Policymakers and decision-makers may leverage this empirical evidence for the people's education on early dental care and address challenges to affordable, available, and acceptable oral healthcare services among slum residents to improve access to care facilities.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Áreas de Pobreza , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Nigéria , Escolaridade , Dor
16.
PeerJ ; 11: e15932, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37692118

RESUMO

In the current study, we explored the relationship between melatonin and lactose synthesis in in vivo and in vitro conditions. We found that long-term melatonin feeding to the dairy cows significantly reduced the milk lactose content in a dose dependent manner. This lactose reduction was not associated with a negative energy balance, since melatonin treatment did not alter the fat, glucose, or protein metabolisms of the cows. To identify the potential molecular mechanisms, the cow's mammary epithelial cells were cultured for gene expression analysis. The results showed that the effect of melatonin on lactose reduction was mediated by its receptor MT1. MT1 activation downregulated the mRNA expression of the prolactin receptor gene (PRLR), which then suppressed the gene expression of SLC35B1. SLC35B1 is a galactose transporter and is responsible for the transportation of galactose to Golgi apparatus for lactose synthesis. Its suppression reduced the lactose synthesis and the milk lactose content. The discovery of this signal transduction pathway of melatonin on lactose synthesis provides a novel aspect of melatonin's effect on carbohydrate metabolism in cows and maybe also in other mammals, including humans.


Assuntos
Melatonina , Receptores da Prolactina , Feminino , Humanos , Bovinos , Animais , Receptores de Melatonina , Lactose , Melatonina/farmacologia , Galactose , Metabolismo dos Carboidratos , Transdução de Sinais , Mamíferos
17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(37): 13899-13905, 2023 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37677086

RESUMO

Detecting bovine tuberculosis (bTB) primarily relies on the tuberculin skin test, requiring two separate animal handling events with a period of incubation time (normally 3 days) between them. Here, we present the use of liquid atmospheric pressure (LAP)-MALDI for the identification of bTB infection, employing a three-class prediction model that was obtained by supervised linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and tested with bovine mastitis samples as disease-positive controls. Noninvasive collection of nasal swabs was used to collect samples, which were subsequently subjected to a short (<4 h) sample preparation method. Cross-validation of the three-class LDA model from the processed nasal swabs provided a sensitivity of 75.0% and specificity of 90.1%, with an overall classification accuracy of 85.7%. These values are comparable to those for the skin test, showing that LAP-MALDI MS has the potential to provide an alternative single-visit diagnostic platform that can detect bTB within the same day of sampling.


Assuntos
Tuberculose Bovina , Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Tuberculose Bovina/diagnóstico , Pressão Atmosférica , Biomarcadores , Análise Discriminante
18.
J Virol Methods ; 321: 114808, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37690747

RESUMO

Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) is a Culicoides-transmitted virus circulating in multiple serotypes. It has become a concern in the European Union as a novel strain of the serotype 8 (EHDV-8) of clear Northern African origin, has been recently discovered in symptomatic cattle in Italy (islands of Sardinia and Sicily), Spain, and Portugal. Current molecular typing methods targeting the S2 nucleotide sequences -coding for the outermost protein of the virion VP2- are not able to detect the novel emerging EHDV-8 strain as they enrolled the S2 sequence of the unique EHDV-8 reference strain isolated in Australia in 1982. Thus, in this study, we developed and validated a novel typing assay for the detection and quantitation of the novel EHDV-8 RNA from field samples, including blood of ruminants and insects. This molecular tool will certainly support EHDV-8 surveillance and control.


Assuntos
Vírus da Doença Hemorrágica Epizoótica , Animais , Bovinos , Vírus da Doença Hemorrágica Epizoótica/genética , Sorogrupo , Austrália , Bioensaio , RNA
19.
PLoS One ; 18(9): e0291761, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37725621

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been the subject of numerous studies over the past decade. First thought to come from aberrant transcriptional events, lncRNAs are now considered a crucial component of the genome with roles in multiple cellular functions. However, the functional annotation and characterization of bovine lncRNAs during early development remain limited. In this comprehensive analysis, we review lncRNAs expression in bovine ovarian follicles and early embryos, based on a unique database comprising 468 microarray hybridizations from a single platform designed to target 7,724 lncRNA transcripts, of which 5,272 are intergenic (lincRNA), 958 are intronic, and 1,524 are antisense (lncNAT). Compared to translated mRNA, lncRNAs have been shown to be more tissue-specific and expressed in low copy numbers. This analysis revealed that protein-coding genes and lncRNAs are both expressed more in oocytes. Differences between the oocyte and the 2-cell embryo are also more apparent in terms of lncRNAs than mRNAs. Co-expression network analysis using WGCNA generated 25 modules with differing proportions of lncRNAs. The modules exhibiting a higher proportion of lncRNAs were found to be associated with fewer annotated mRNAs and housekeeping functions. Functional annotation of co-expressed mRNAs allowed attribution of lncRNAs to a wide array of key cellular events such as meiosis, translation initiation, immune response, and mitochondrial related functions. We thus provide evidence that lncRNAs play diverse physiological roles that are tissue-specific and associated with key cellular functions alongside mRNAs in bovine ovarian follicles and early embryos. This contributes to add lncRNAs as active molecules in the complex regulatory networks driving folliculogenesis, oogenesis and early embryogenesis all of which are necessary for reproductive success.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Feminino , Bovinos , Animais , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transcriptoma , Folículo Ovariano , Oócitos , Meiose , RNA Mensageiro
20.
Pol J Vet Sci ; 26(3): 335-341, 2023 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37727028

RESUMO

Neonatal calf diarrhea (NCD) is one of the most important concerns in cattle production. Escherichia coli is the most important bacterial agent of NCD. Although vaccination and antibiotic treatment are common in NCD, the high antigenic diversity of E. coli and the increase in antibiotic resistance cause difficulties in the control. The study aimed to investigate the rate of E. coli in calf diarrhea, isolate an agent of the NCD E. coli strain, determine antimicrobial resistance, and find out about some surface antigens. Fecal samples (n=115) were analyzed to isolate pathogenic E. coli strains with nine mixed infections; sixty-one strains isolate from fifty diarrhoeic calves. Among the isolates from diseased animals, 22 K99+STa+F41, 3 K99+STa, 3 strains F41, 2 strains Stx1, one strain K99, one strain eae, and one strain Stx2+eae were detected. 27 strains of F17- associated fimbriae have been identified. 17 strains F17a, 6 strains F111, 3 strains F17c, one strain carrying the F17a and F17c gene regions, whereas subfamily typing of one strain could not be performed. Serotypes were determined by molecular and serological methods: 32/61 (52.5%) isolates were O101 and 2/61 (3.3%) isolates were O9 serotypes. But 27 strain serotypes could not be detected. The antibiotic resistance profiles of the isolates were determined by the disc diffusion method. The resistance rates to antibiotics were trimethoprim- sulphamethoxazole 91.7%, ampicillin 86.7%, enrofloxacin 86.7%, gentamicin 45%, tobramycin 41.7%, cefotaxime 3.3%, and ceftazidime 1.7%. Due to increasing antibiotic resistance, prophylaxis is gaining importance. In further research, E. coli surface antigenic structures should be examined in detail, and it should form the basis for vaccine and hyperimmunization studies to be developed.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Doenças não Transmissíveis , Animais , Bovinos , Prevalência , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Escherichia coli , Doenças não Transmissíveis/veterinária , Sorogrupo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antígenos de Bactérias , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/veterinária , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...