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1.
Med Sci Monit ; 29: e938602, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The Twinstream® ventilator is a microprocessor-controlled electric jet ventilator that allows the simultaneous application of 2 different jet streams, one at low frequency and one at high frequency to result in pulsatile bi-level (p-BLV) mode of ventilation. This study aimed to evaluate supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation in 105 patients during bronchoscopy using the Twinstream® microprocessor-controlled jet ventilator and the Wei Nasal Jet® (WNJ) tube. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients were randomly divided into 2 parallel groups (N=50 per group): group W using the WNJ tube and group M using an endoscopic face mask connected to Twinstream® microprocessor-controlled jet ventilator under monitored anesthesia care. Arterial blood gas was examined and recorded 15 minutes after the initiation of procedure. The demographic and clinical characteristics, procedure duration, doses of anesthetics, and adverse events in the 2 groups were also recorded. RESULTS The arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) (P=0.006) and lactic acid (P=0.001) were significantly lower, while pH (P=0.024) was significantly higher than in the group M. Pearson analysis showed that PaCO2 was significantly correlated with ventilation tools (P=0.006) and procedure duration (P=0.003). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that ventilation tools and procedure duration were both independent influencing factors (P=0.006, P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS Supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation using the WNJ tube can reduce PaCO2 and had advantages in enhancing oxygenation and ventilation function in patients during bronchoscopy intervention therapy under monitored anesthesia care.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Broncoscopia , Humanos , Broncoscopia/métodos , Pulmão , Ventiladores Mecânicos , Respiração
2.
BMC Pulm Med ; 23(1): 35, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698143

RESUMO

We explain to Dr. Govindasaami's several comments on our published article "Association between blood pressure and the risk of biopsy-induced endobronchial hemorrhage during bronchoscopy".


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Biópsia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos
3.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 46(1): 27-33, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617925

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the bronchoscopy resource allocation and technology application in county-level hospitals in China. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. In 2021, 12 provinces were sampled from all provinces in China according to the regional Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the number of counties, in which a total of 291 county-level hospitals were randomly enrolled. Two county-level hospitals which carried out bronchoscopy technology in each province were randomly sampled to investigate the status of bronchoscopy resources, technical application, decontamination and anesthesia by using questionnaires. Independent sample t test or two related sample nonparametric test were used for comparison between groups. Spearman correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation. Bilateral P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: According to the sampling results, it was estimated that in the county-level hospitals, the proportion of those performing bronchoscopy was 11.4% (9.9%, 13.8%), which was significantly correlated with the population in the province (r=0.64, P=0.025) and the regional GDP (r=0.65, P=0.025).The 24 county-level hospitals interviewed were equipped with (1.6±1.0) bronchoscopes on average, and the number of hospitals with electronic bronchoscopes and fiberoptic bronchoscopes was 22 (91.7%) and 6 (25.0%), respectively. Six (25.0%) hospitals performed bronchoscopy every working day. Twelve (50.0%) hospitals had relatively permanent physicians and nurses. All operating doctors had received special training. There was a significant increase in the number of bronchoscopy cases per hospital in 2020 compared to 2019 [140(70, 335) vs. 100(29, 254), P=0.001]. All hospitals used standard cleaning and sterilization workbenches, cleaning agents and disinfectants. Surface anesthesia was available in 24 hospitals, and bronchoscopy techniques under sedation and analgesia were performed in 10 (41.7%) hospitals. Atropine was still used to prevent airway secretions in 2 (8.3%) hospitals,although not recommended by guidelines. Conclusions: There was a large gap between the current status of bronchoscopy technology in county-level hospitals and the standards of the National Health Commission, together with regional disparities. Bronchoscopist training in the standardization and the decontamination work met the requirements. In some hospitals, the use of complementary medicines was not standardized or the sedatives were not given routinely according to the guidelines. We should promote the popularization and standardization of bronchoscopy technology, and strengthen the allocation of related resources in China's county hospitals.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia , Hospitais de Condado , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Hospitais , China
4.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 46(1): 67-72, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617932

RESUMO

Interventional pulmonology is an essential part of the treatment of respiratory diseases and an important component of modern respiratory medicine. In recent years, interventional respiratory medicine has kept up with the trend of the times, constantly developing and integrating various techniques, expanding the scope of application of interventional respiratory medicine, and developing in the direction of personalized and precision medicine as well. Here, we reviewed the new progress and up-to-date research achievements of interventional pulmonology from December 2021 to September 2022.


Assuntos
Pneumologia , Broncoscopia/métodos
5.
BMC Pulm Med ; 23(1): 28, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endobronchial Metastasis from extrathoracic tumors is a rare neoplasm that accounts for approximately 1.1% of total endobronchial malignancies. The most common primary tumors associated with EBM are from the colorectal, breast, and kidney regions. Although it represents a late manifestation in the context of tumor progression, it can rarely antedate the diagnosis of the primary tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-years-old male was referred from another city hospital to our thoracic surgery department due to a 4-months history of hemoptysis and productive cough. A chest X-ray and computed tomography scan showed a soft-tissue mass within the left main bronchus and atelectasis of the anterior segment of the left upper lobe. Furthermore, a flexible bronchoscopy revealed a hypervascular lesion occluding completely the left upper lobe bronchus. The patient underwent lobectomy and pathological examination suggested endobronchial metastasis from clear cell renal cell carcinoma. A second computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed a well-defined mass arising from the lateral aspect of the right kidney; therefore, the patient underwent right radical nephrectomy three weeks later and pathology confirmed the diagnosis of clear renal cell carcinoma with endobronchial metastasis. CONCLUSION: Despite its rarity, physicians should consider the possibility of endobronchial metastases in the setting of endobronchial lesions. Proper diagnostic approaches should also be considered to rule out the potential of asymptomatic extrathoracic neoplasms. In this manuscript, we aimed to report a rare case -the first from Syria to our knowledge- of an endobronchial metastasis that preceded the diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. Importantly, we reviewed the existing literature and discussed the diagnostic and treatment approaches.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Brônquicas , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/secundário , Neoplasias Brônquicas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Brônquicas/patologia , Brônquios/patologia , Broncoscopia
6.
Trials ; 24(1): 12, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604711

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) has been proven to improve oxygenation and avoid intubation in hypoxemic patients. It has also been utilized during endoscopy examination to reduce the incidence of hypoxia. However, little is known about the effects of HFNC versus conventional oxygen therapy (COT) on oxygenation during bronchoscopy examination via nasal route; particularly, no study has compared the use of HFNC with that of COT at similar FIO2 for patients who have high-risk factors of desaturation during bronchoscopy examination. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This randomized controlled trial will be implemented in four academic centers in China. Patients who have high-risk factors including hypoxemia, hypercapnia, morbid obesity, and narrow airway will be enrolled to use HFNC or COT during bronchoscopy examination. In the HFNC group, the initial gas flow will be set at 50 L/min with a fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) at 0.45, if the patient tolerates, the flow can be increased to 60L/min at most, while in the COT group, oxygen flow will be set at 6 L/min via a conventional nasal cannula. After 5 min pre-oxygenation, the bronchoscope will be inserted via the nasal route. Vital signs, oxygenation (SpO2), and transcutaneous CO2 (PtCO2) will be continuously monitored. The primary outcome is the incidence of hypoxemia, defined as SpO2 < 90% for 10 s during bronchoscopy examination, and secondary outcomes include the need for treatment escalation and adverse events. DISCUSSION: Hypoxia is a common complication of bronchoscopy, our study attempted to demonstrate that HFNC may reduce the probability of hypoxia during bronchoscopy in high-risk patients. The results will be disseminated through peer-reviewed journals and national and international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.chictr.org.cn/ : ChiCTR2100055038. Registered on 31 December 2021.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia , Cânula , Oxigenoterapia , Humanos , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos , Cânula/efeitos adversos , Hipóxia/epidemiologia , Hipóxia/prevenção & controle , Ventilação não Invasiva/efeitos adversos , Oxigênio , Oxigenoterapia/efeitos adversos , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol ; 30(1): 7-15, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bronchoscopy is an aerosol-generating procedure and can place the health care providers at risk for exposure to viral pathogens. The pattern of aerosol generation during  different aspects of bronchoscopy are poorly understood. The goal of this study is to characterize the pattern of aerosol generation during flexible and rigid bronchoscopy performed under moderate sedation or general anesthesia (GA). The inhalable mass concentration of aerosol generated during the procedures was measured continuously. METHODS: The aerosol concentration in the endoscopy room at baseline and while the procedures were performed was measured. Procedures included flexible bronchoscopies with moderate sedation, flexible bronchoscopies performed through endotracheal tube under GA and rigid bronchoscopies under GA. Changes from the baseline were measured continuously during the bronchoscopy. RESULTS: Measurements obtained during the procedure were compared with the baseline reading. For flexible bronchoscopy under moderate sedation, the inhalable aerosol fraction was significantly higher (P=0.036) during atomization of lidocaine. For Flexible bronchoscopy through endotracheal tube, inhalable aerosol fraction was significantly higher (P<0.001) during intubation and extubation. For rigid bronchoscopy done under GA with jet ventilation, inhalable aerosol fraction was significantly higher during both the bronchoscopy (P=0.01) and recovery (P=0.012). CONCLUSION: Elevated levels of aerosol were generated during all aspects of bronchoscopy. However, atomization of lidocaine, intubation, extubation, and recovery generated the most aerosol.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia , Lidocaína , Humanos , Broncoscopia/métodos , Aerossóis , Anestesia Geral , Intubação Intratraqueal
12.
J Korean Med Sci ; 38(3): e13, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although almost all interventional pulmonologists agree that rigid bronchoscopy is irreplaceable in the field of interventional pulmonology, less is known about the types of diseases that the procedure is used for and what difficulties the operators face during the procedure. The purpose of this study is to evaluate what diseases rigid bronchoscopy is used for, whether it is widely used, and what challenges the operators face in Korea. METHODS: We enrolled 14 hospitals in this retrospective cohort of patients who underwent rigid bronchoscopy between 2003 and 2020. An online survey was conducted with 14 operators to investigate the difficulties associated with the procedure. RESULTS: While the number of new patients at Samsung Medical Center (SMC) increased from 189 in 2003-2005 to 468 in 2018-2020, that of other institutions increased from 0 to 238. The proportion of SMC patients in the total started at 100% and steadily decreased to 59.2%. The proportion of malignancy as the indication for the procedure steadily increased from 29.1% to 43.0%, whereas post-tuberculous stenosis (25.4% to 12.9%) and post-intubation stenosis (19.0% to 10.9%) steadily decreased (all P for trends < 0.001). In the online survey, half of the respondents stated that over the past year they performed less than one procedure per month. The fewer the procedures performed within the last year, the more likely collaboration with other departments was viewed as a recent obstacle (Spearman correlation coefficient, rs = -0.740, P = 0.003) and recent administrative difficulties were encountered (rs = -0.616, P = 0.019). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the number of patients undergoing rigid bronchoscopy has been increasing, especially among cancer patients. For this procedure to be used more widely, it will be important for beginners to systematically learn about the procedure itself as well as to achieve multidisciplinary consultation.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia , Neoplasias , Humanos , Broncoscopia/métodos , Constrição Patológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , República da Coreia
14.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 46(1): 34-39, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617926

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of transbronchial cryobiopsy (TBCB) after lung transplantation. Methods: The clinical characteristics, TBCB procedure, diagnosis and treatment, and outcomes of lung transplant recipients of 6 patients (all male, aged 33-67 years) with TBCB in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from May to November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 6 patients diagnosed by TBCB, there were 2 cases of organizing pneumonia, 1 acute cellular rejection, 1 antibody-mediated rejection, and 1 bronchiolitis obliterans, and 1 diffuse alveolar damage. After the clinical diagnosis was confirmed, the condition improved after adjustment of the treatments followed. There were no serious complications related to the TBCB procedure. Conclusion: TBCB is valuable and relatively safe in the diagnosis of complications after lung transplantation, but the indications need to be strictly controlled.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Transplante de Pulmão , Humanos , Masculino , Biópsia/métodos , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos , Broncoscopia/métodos , Pulmão/patologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso
15.
BMC Pulm Med ; 23(1): 10, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient comfort during invasive and therapeutic procedures is important. The use of virtual reality (VR) devices during flexible bronchoscopy (FB) as a method of distraction to increase patient tolerability and improve satisfaction has not been investigated. We aim to assess the satisfaction and tolerability of participants undergoing FB with or without VR. METHODS: This was a single-center, open-label study on patients undergoing bronchoscopy, randomized into the control and interventional (VR) groups. The control group received standard care during FB. The interventional group was given a VR device during FB showing nature videos with soothing instrumental music. Pain, breathlessness, and cough were evaluated using a 10 cm visual analogue scale administered before and after FB. Anxiety was assessed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Satisfaction questionnaire (5-point Likert scale) was given to participants post FB. RESULTS: Eighty participants enrolled, 40 in each arm. Median (IQR) satisfaction score in the VR group was 5.0 (3.0-5.0), and in the control group was 4.0 (3.0-5.0); (p < 0.001). Breathlessness, cough, and anxiety post FB were significantly less severe in the interventional group (p = 0.042, p = 0.001, p < 0.001), but the pain was not significantly different (p = 0.290). CONCLUSION: VR used during FB led to better participants' satisfaction and tolerability (breathlessness and cough). There was a significantly lower anxiety score in the VR group.


Assuntos
Tosse , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos , Satisfação do Paciente , Ansiedade , Dor
16.
J Bras Pneumol ; 49(1): e20220200, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBCB) has developed rapidly and has become one of the research hotspots of lung biopsy technology. The present study sought to evaluate the efficacy of TBCB guided by radial-probe EBUS (RP-EBUS) and a guide sheath (GS) without fluoroscopy for peripheral pulmonary lesions. METHODS: In this retrospective study, McNemar's test was used in order to compare TBCB and transbronchial forceps biopsy (TBFB) in terms of diagnostic performance. A multivariate logistic regression model was designed to explore the association between predictive variables and the diagnostic yield of TBCB. RESULTS: A total of 168 patients underwent GS-guided RP-EBUS. Of those, 157 had lesions that were visible and 11 had lesions that were not. Of those 157 patients, 24 were excluded because of missing data or an unclear final diagnosis. Therefore, 133 patients underwent RP-EBUS-GS-guided TBFB and TBCB. The pooled diagnostic yield of RP-EBUS-GS-guided TBCB without fluoroscopy was 71.5% (103/144). In 133 patients, the diagnostic yield of TBCB was significantly higher than that of TBFB (77.4% vs. 59.4%; p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that lesion size and site were independently associated with the diagnostic yield of TBCB (OR = 2.8, p = 0.03 and OR = 4.1, p = 0.01, respectively), although cryoprobe size was not. There was no significant difference between the 1.1-mm cryoprobe and the 1.9-mm cryoprobe in terms of diagnostic performance (78.4% vs. 76.8%; p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: GS-guided RP-EBUS is regarded as a practical option for guiding cryobiopsy, although it may not be able to replace fluoroscopy. Peripheral pulmonary lesions not located in the upper lobes or larger than 30 mm are significantly associated with a higher diagnostic yield of cryobiopsy.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Broncoscopia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumopatias/patologia , Endossonografia , Biópsia
18.
J Surg Oncol ; 127(2): 258-261, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630090

RESUMO

The diagnosis of peripheral small lung lesions by electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy is still inferior to computed tomography (CT) guided percutaneous transthoracic needle lung biopsy. Robotic bronchoscopy is a new technology that may be a potential breakthrough in the diagnosis of small lung lesions. Real-time tools such as electromagnetic navigation, radial-endobronchial ultrasound, and cone beam CT may further improve the diagnostic yield rate may further improve the diagnostic yield rate. In this article, we reviewed early experience of robotic bronchoscopy for diagnosis and staging of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pulmão , Broncoscopia/métodos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
19.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 18(1): 29, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Azygos vein aneurysms (AVAs) are extremely rare. The majority of patients have no obvious clinical symptoms, so they are found by physical examination or by chance. There is limited clinical treatment experience that can be referred to, and there are no clear guidelines or research evidence standardizing the surgical and interventional therapy. Here, we report a patient with idiopathic AVA whose three-dimensional reconstruction of the tumor was completed before surgery. On the basis of three-dimensional reconstruction, single-port thoracoscopic resection of the AVA was successfully completed and reported for the first time. The previously reported cases are summarized to provide guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with AVAs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old man was transferred to our hospital due to "dysphagia". The diagnosis of AVA was made after enhanced computed tomography, gastroscopy, fiberoptic bronchoscopy, and three-dimensional reconstruction. Congenital weakness or degenerative changes causes the vein walls to be extremely thin that the AVA had the risk of ruptur. Furthermore, the patient had symptoms of dysphagia, he received single-port thoracoscopic surgery. After the operation, his dysphagia disappeared. The postoperative pathology confirmed hemangioma. The patient was discharged 3 days after surgery without any complications. CONCLUSIONS: AVAs are rare. Preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction can greatly help surgeons clarify the disease diagnosis, formulate the surgical plan, avoid damage to the surrounding vital organs, and reduce intraoperative bleeding. Thoracoscopic surgery to remove AVAs is difficult and has a high risk of bleeding, while more minimally invasive single-port thoracoscopic surgery is also safe and effective for the treatment of AVAs.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Veia Ázigos , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Ázigos/cirurgia , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/cirurgia , Toracoscopia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Broncoscopia
20.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 86(2): 191-196, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is valuable for diagnosing pulmonary sarcoidosis. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic yield of EBUS-TBNA and cytology in sarcoidosis during the first 9 years at our institution. METHODS: Patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA for suspected sarcoidosis between January 2011 and November 2019 were identified retrospectively. EBUS-TBNA was performed with rapid on-site cytological evaluation of the samples. The final diagnosis was based on the pathology and/or cytology results, radiologic features, and clinical follow-up findings. The yield rate was analyzed annually. RESULTS: Eighty patients underwent 83 EBUS-TBNA procedures for suspected sarcoidosis. In total, 136 lymph nodes were sampled. The mean number of lymph node stations sampled was 2.0 ± 0.6; the mean number of needle passes per lymph node was 3.5 ± 0.8. Sixty-five patients were diagnosed with sarcoidosis, with a total of 68 procedures. Nonnecrotizing granulomatous inflammation was detected in the EBUS-TBNA samples from 49/68 procedures (yield rate: 72.1%). Of 19 patients with sarcoidosis who did not obtain a pathological diagnosis with EBUS-TBNA, epithelioid cells and/or multinuclear giant cells suggestive of granulomatous inflammation were detected in five. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value (NPV) for pathological diagnosis of sarcoidosis using EBUS-TBNA were 72.1%, 100%, 100%, and 24.0%, respectively. On using cytology, the sensitivity and NPV increased to 79.4% and 26.3%, respectively. The yield rate did not increase until 2016. CONCLUSION: EBUS-TBNA is useful for diagnosing sarcoidosis. Cytology resulted in an additional yield rate of 7.3%, which improved as the number of cases increased.


Assuntos
Sarcoidose Pulmonar , Sarcoidose , Humanos , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Broncoscopia/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/métodos , Sarcoidose/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Inflamação
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