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1.
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 49(1): 66, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928308

RESUMO

We present the case of an eight year old boy who presented with foreign body aspiration during the COVID-19 pandemic. The patient was taken the operating room for rigid bronchoscopy and foreign body removal. The details of the operation, steps taken for protection of health care workers, and lessons learned are discussed. Bronchoscopy was performed using N95 respirators and Stryker Flyte Hood garments, combined with a streamlined instrument set-up. Simulation in advance of these cases improves communication and operative planning. Surgeons should have equipment to retrieve foreign bodies from the oropharynx available. Techniques that reduce surgical time and thus exposure risk should be considered.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Brônquios , Broncoscopia/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Broncoscópios , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Radiografia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21737, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846795

RESUMO

RATIONALE: One-lung ventilation (OLV) is essential for adequate visualization and exposure of the surgical site via a videoscopic approach. Although many instruments facilitating OLV are available, the choice is limited in pediatric patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 4-year-old female (weight: 18.6 kg, height: 100 cm) was admitted via our pediatric outpatient clinic because of recurrent hemoptysis, 2 weeks in duration. She had no medical or surgical history. DIAGNOSIS: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a 4.5-cm-diameter mass in the left, lower lung lobe. She was diagnosed with a congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM). INTERVENTIONS: She was scheduled for emergency lobectomy via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). To ensure successful VATS, OLV was essential. As our hospital lacked a small-diameter fiberoptic bronchoscope and a proper bronchial blocker, we decided to use single-lumen tube (SLT) with adult fiberoptic bronchoscope. OUTCOMES: We performed successful bronchoscopic-guided OLV using a SLT. We aligned the tube to the right upper lobar bronchus and Murphy eye to prevent obstruction of the right upper lobe bronchus. At the end of surgery, the endotracheal tube lumen had been narrowed by blood clots, we decided to exchange the tracheal tube. The tube was immediately exchanged. After re-intubation, the pulse oximetry (SpO2) then gradually increased. LESSONS: Appropriate preparation and careful management should be considered to perform OLV in pediatric patients without significant complications.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia/métodos , Malformação Adenomatoide Cística Congênita do Pulmão/cirurgia , Ventilação Monopulmonar/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Broncoscopia/instrumentação , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos
3.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 56(supl.2): 19-26, jul. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186846

RESUMO

Este documento de consenso está elaborado por el área de Técnicas y Trasplante y el área de Enfermería de la Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica (SEPAR) así como la Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Respiratoria (AEER) con el objetivo de proporcionar conocimientos para el uso efectivo y seguro de la broncoscopia en pacientes con sospecha o con confirmación de la infección por COVID-19. Es prioritario proporcionar la mayor seguridad a nuestros pacientes, a los sanitarios que los atienden y a la comunidad en general. En este momento de pandemia, la información de la que disponemos acerca del uso de la broncoscopia en este tipo de pacientes se basa en la experiencia de otros centros y países, y las publicaciones científicas son escasas. El objetivo de este documento es recoger esas experiencias y en base a las recomendaciones de los organismos oficiales ofrecer un documento de ayuda para la práctica clínica diaria


This consensus document has been drawn up by the Techniques and Transplantation and Nursing areas of the Spanish Society of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR) and the Spanish Society of Respiratory Endoscopy (AEER) with the aim of providing information on the safe and effective use of bronchoscopy in patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection. Our priority is to ensure the safety of our patients, the health workers caring for them, and the community in general.At this stage in the pandemic, our information on the use of bronchoscopy in patients of this type is based on the experience of hospitals in other countries, and scientific publications are scarce. The objective of this document isto compile these experiences, based on recommendations from official agencies, in a document offering guidance in daily clinical practice


Assuntos
Humanos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Broncoscopia/normas , Broncoscopia/métodos , Equipamentos de Proteção/normas , Manejo de Espécimes/normas , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Sociedades Médicas , Espanha
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e20930, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664089

RESUMO

Surgical lung biopsy is regarded as the golden standard for the diagnosis of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs). Here, we attempted to show the diagnostic accuracy of multidisciplinary classifications based on transbronchial pathology including transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) , bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration biopsy (EBUS-TBNA).Patients with suspected interstitial lung diseases admitted from June 1, 2016 to December 31, 2018 were involved. Patients with known causes of interstitial lung diseases and typical idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed through clinical, radiological information were excluded. Patients with atypical idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and possible IIPs accepted transbronchial pathological evaluation. Initial multidisciplinary diagnosis (MDD) classifications were made depending on clinical, radiological and transbronchial pathological information by a multidisciplinary team (MDT). The final MDD classifications were confirmed by subsequent therapeutic effects. All patients were followed up for at least 6 months.A total of 70 patients were finally involved. The samples of lung parenchyma extracted through TBLC were enough for confirmation of pathological diagnoses in 68.6% (48/70) cases. Samples of 6 cases were extracted by EBUS-TBNA. Bacteriological diagnoses were positive in 1 case by BALF. Pathological diagnoses of 77.1% (54/70) cases were achieved through TBLC, EBUS-TBNA and BALF. During the follow up study, the pulmonary lesions of 60% patients were improved, 11.43% were relapsed when glucocorticoid was reduced to small dose or withdrawal, 14.29% were leveled off and 8.57% were progressed. The diagnoses of 4 patients with progressed clinical feature were revised. As a result, 94.3% initial MDD classifications based on transbronchial pathology were consistent with the final MDD, and the difference of diagnostic yield wasn't significant between initial and final MDD (Z = -1.414, P = .157).Classifications of IIPs based on transbronchial pathology were useful and quite agreed with final MDD.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia/métodos , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/classificação , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/patologia , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Idoso , Biópsia/tendências , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/microbiologia , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos , Broncoscopia/tendências , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
5.
Pneumologie ; 74(7): 456-466, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674192

RESUMO

Cryosurgery has been successfully in bronchoscopy for several years. In addition to the local therapy of tumors and stenoses, cryo extraction enables the endobronchial and transbronchial extraction of large, high-quality biopsies. This is with regard to the diagnosis of diffuse lung diseases and the molecular analysis of malignant lung tumors of outstanding importance. This article explains the method and implementation of transbronchial cryobiopsy.


Assuntos
Biópsia/instrumentação , Brônquios/patologia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Criocirurgia/métodos , Pulmão/patologia , Biópsia/métodos , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumologia/métodos
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20916, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629688

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Evolving techniques in the field of therapeutic bronchoscopy have led to the return of rigid bronchoscopy in the treatment of complex central airway disease. Rigid bronchoscopy is typically performed under general anesthesia because of the strong stimulation caused by metal instruments. Anesthesia for rigid bronchoscopy is challenging to administer because anesthesiologists and interventionists share the same working channel: the airway. Previously reviewed anesthetic methods are used primarily for short procedures. Balanced anesthesia with ultrasound-guided superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) block and total intravenous anesthesia might provide anesthesia for a prolonged procedure and facilitate patient recovery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A patient with obstructed endobronchial stent was referred for therapeutic rigid bronchoscopy, which requires deeper anesthesia than flexible bronchoscopy. There were concerns of the stronger stimulation of the rigid bronchoscopy, lengthy duration of the procedure, higher risk of hypoxemia, and the difficulty of mechanical ventilation weaning after anesthesia due to the patients co-morbidities. DIAGNOSIS: A 66-year-old female patient presented with a history of breast cancer with lung metastases. Right main bronchus obstruction due to external compression of lung metastases was relieved through insertion of an endobronchial stent, but obstructive granulation developed after 4 months. Presence of the malfunctioning stent caused severe cough and discomfort. Removal of the stent by using a flexible bronchoscope was attempted twice but failed. INTERVENTIONS: Regional anesthesia of the upper airway through ultrasound-guided SLN block combined with intratracheal 2% lidocaine spray was performed to assist in total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) during rigid bronchoscopy. OUTCOMES: The patient maintained steady spontaneous breathing throughout the procedure without laryngospasm, bucking, or desaturation. Emergence from anesthesia was smooth and rapid after propofol infusion was discontinued. The surgery lasted 2.5 hours without discontinuity, and no perioperative pulmonary or cardiovascular complications were noted. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided SLN block is a simple technique with a high success rate and low complication rate. Application of SLN block to assist TIVA provides sufficient anesthesia for lengthened therapeutic rigid bronchoscopy without interruption and facilitates patient recovery.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/cirurgia , Anestesia , Broncopatias/cirurgia , Broncoscopia/instrumentação , Bloqueio Nervoso , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Nervos Laríngeos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Metástase Neoplásica , Stents , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
8.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235479, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603376

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The emergence of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) changed the approach to staging lung cancer. As a new method being incorporated, the use of EBUS may lead to a shift in clinical and costs outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to gather information to better understand the economic impact of implementing EBUS. METHODS: This review is reported according to the PRISMA statement and registered on PROSPERO (CRD42019107901). Search keywords were elaborated considering descriptors of terms related to the disease (lung cancer / mediastinal staging of lung cancer) and the technologies of interest (EBUS and mediastinoscopy) combined with a specific economic filter. The literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Cochrane Library of Trials, Web of Science, Scopus and National Health System Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED) of the Center for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD). Screening, selection of articles, data extraction and quality assessment were carried out by two reviewers. RESULTS: Seven hundred and seventy publications were identified through the database searches. Eight articles were included in this review. All publications are full economic evaluation studies, one cost-effectiveness, three cost-utility, and four cost-minimization analyses. The costs of strategies using EBUS-TBNA were lower than the ones using mediastinoscopy in all studies analyzed. Two of the best quality scored studies demonstrate that the mediastinoscopy strategy is dominated by the EBUS-TBNA strategy. CONCLUSION: Information gathered in the eight studies of this systematic review suggest that EBUS is cost-effective compared to mediastinoscopy for mediastinal staging of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/economia , Mediastinoscopia/economia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Broncoscopia/economia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/economia , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Mediastinoscopia/métodos , Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Mediastino/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/economia
9.
A A Pract ; 14(7): e01244, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-601754

RESUMO

A novel coronavirus pandemic may be particularly hazardous to health care workers. Airway management is an aerosol-producing high-risk procedure. To minimize the production of airborne droplets, including pathogens such as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), from the endotracheal tube during procedures requiring lung deflation, we devised a technique to mitigate the risk of infection transmission to health care personnel.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Empiema Pleural/cirurgia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Ventilação Monopulmonar/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Broncoscopia/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
11.
A A Pract ; 14(7): e01244, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539283

RESUMO

A novel coronavirus pandemic may be particularly hazardous to health care workers. Airway management is an aerosol-producing high-risk procedure. To minimize the production of airborne droplets, including pathogens such as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), from the endotracheal tube during procedures requiring lung deflation, we devised a technique to mitigate the risk of infection transmission to health care personnel.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Empiema Pleural/cirurgia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Ventilação Monopulmonar/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Broncoscopia/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
12.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (5): 49-57, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an effectiveness of endobronchial valve treatment of patients with bronchopleural fistulas and prolonged air leakage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Endobronchial valve treatment was analyzed in 115 patients with bronchopleural fistulas or postoperative air leakage. All patients were divided into 5 groups depending on disease: bullous emphysema, acute purulent lung diseases, chronic purulent lung and pleural diseases, bullous emphysema complicated by pneumothorax with failed pleural cavity, other lung diseases associated with prolonged postoperative air leakage. RESULTS: Endobronchial valve treatment was effective in more than 70% patients. There were no intraoperative and postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Endobronchial valve treatment is a highly effective minimally invasive method for treating patients with bronchopleural fistulas and postoperative air leakage.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Fístula Brônquica/cirurgia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Pneumopatias/cirurgia , Doenças Pleurais/cirurgia , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Brônquios/cirurgia , Fístula Brônquica/etiologia , Humanos , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Doenças Pleurais/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Fístula do Sistema Respiratório/etiologia , Fístula do Sistema Respiratório/cirurgia , Supuração/etiologia , Supuração/cirurgia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(25): e19929, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569155

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Resection of a large intratracheal tumor with severe obstruction via flexible bronchoscope remains a formidable challenge to anesthesiologists. Many artificial airways positioned proximal to tracheal obstruction can not ensure adequate oxygen supply. How to ensure effective gas exchange is crucial to the anesthetic management. PATIENT CONCERNS: Five patients of intratracheal tumor occupying 70% to 85% of the tracheal lumen were scheduled for tumor resection via flexible bronchoscope. DIAGNOSIS: The patients were diagnosed with intratracheal tumor based on their symptoms, radiographic findings and tracheoscopy. INTERVENTIONS: We describe a technique of high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) using an endobronchial suction catheter distal to tracheostenosis during the surgery, which ensured the good supply of oxygen. We applied general anesthesia with preserved spontaneous breathing. A comprehensive anesthesia protocol that emphasizes bilateral superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) block and sufficient topical anesthesia. An endobronchial suction catheter was introduced transnasally into the trachea and then advanced through the tracheostenosis with the tip proximal to the carina under direct vision with the aid of fiber bronchoscope. HFJV was then performed through the suction catheter. OUTCOMES: The SPO2 maintained above 97% during the surgery. Carbon dioxide retention was alleviated obviously when adequate patency of the trachea lumen achieved about 30 min after the beginning of surgery. HFJV was ceased and all patients had satisfactory spontaneous breathing at the end of the procedure. CONCLUSION: HFJV at the distal end of tracheostenosis is a suitable ventilation strategy during flexible bronchoscopic resection of a large intratracheal tumor.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia/métodos , Ventilação em Jatos de Alta Frequência , Neoplasias da Traqueia/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Rev. esp. patol. torac ; 32(2): 154-158, mayo 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193910

RESUMO

La proteinosis alveolar pulmonar es una enfermedad rara que se produce por un acúmulo anormal de lipoproteínas a nivel alveolar, siendo la broncoscopia una herramienta importante para su diagnóstico y tratamiento. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 44 años, fumadora, con tos escasamente productiva blanquecina y disnea de tres meses de evolución, tratada de forma previa con antibioterapia por sospecha de neumonía adquirida en la comunidad, con escasa mejoría. La tomografía torácica mostró un patrón intersticial bilateral, compuesto por zonas en vidrio deslustrado, áreas geográficas y crazy paving. A nivel analítico, se observaron niveles aumentados de LDH e IgE junto a hipoxemia moderada, siendo la serología de VIH negativa. Las muestras de la broncoscopia fueron positivas para tinciones con ácido peryódico de Schiff, hallazgo compatible con el diagnóstico de proteinosis alveolar pulmonar. La paciente fue tratada con lavado broncoalveolar total, con buena respuesta y sin presentar recaídas hasta la fecha


Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare disease caused by an abnormal accumulation of lipoproteins at the alveolar level in which bronchoscopy is an important tool for diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of a 44-year-old woman, smoker, with a slightly productive cough producing milky sputum and dyspnea progressing over three months, previously treated with antibiotics for suspected community-acquired pneumonia with little improve-ment. The thoracic CT showed a bilateral interstitial pattern composed of areas of ground glass opacity, geographic areas and crazy paving. At the analytical level, increased levels of LDH and IgE along with moderate hypoxemia were observed, with negative HIV serology. Bronchoscopy samples were positive for Periodic Acid-Schiff staining, a finding compatible with the diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. The patient was treated with a full bronchoal-veolar lavage with a good response and she has not suffered a relapse to date


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Proteinose Alveolar Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Broncoscopia/métodos , Doenças Raras/diagnóstico por imagem , Proteinose Alveolar Pulmonar/patologia , Doenças Raras/patologia , Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Radiografia Torácica , Ceftriaxona/administração & dosagem , Levofloxacino/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Biópsia
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