Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.018
Filtrar
1.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e090, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378672

RESUMO

The present cross-sectional case-control study aimed to determine if there is an association between specific oral behaviors, sleep bruxism (SB), awake bruxism (AB), and painful temporomandibular joint (TMJ) clicking. Ninety individuals were dived into three groups; Group 1 (n = 30): painful TMJ clicking; Group 2 (n = 30): painless TMJ clicking; and Group 3 (n = 30): control group. The following clinical data were studied: oral behaviors (unilateral chewing, gum chewing, nail biting, foreign objects biting, leaning with jaw against the hand, and sleeping in a position that pressures the jaw), SB, AB (including the frequency in 10 days, evaluated by ecological momentary assessment), and malocclusions investigated based on clinical inspections (anterior open bite, posterior cross-bite, abnormal overbite/overjet, occlusal guidance, mediotrusive and/or laterotrusive interferences, retruded contact position to maximum intercuspation slide, missing posterior teeth). All statistical tests (Kolmogorov-Smirnov, chi-square, and one-way ANOVA) were performed with a 5% significance level. Group 1 had the highest frequency of and a significant association with leaning with jaw in the hand, sleeping position that pressures the jaw, gum chewing, nail biting, and AB (p<0.05). Gum chewing, nail biting, and AB were associated with Group 2 only when compared to Group 3 (p<0.05). No significant difference among groups was found for other behaviors (unilateral chewing and foreign objects biting), SB, and all malocclusions (p>0.05). It can be concluded that patients with painful TMJ clicking had a higher frequency of and a significant association with some specific harmful behaviors and AB.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Má Oclusão , Bruxismo do Sono , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Articulação Temporomandibular
2.
J Can Dent Assoc ; 87: l10, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343073

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease in North America, next to Alzheimer's disease. Patients who suffer from PD typically present with neuromuscular, cognitive, postural and psychiatric deficits, which make oral hygiene challenging, but extremely important. Although the cardinal signs of PD are movement-related, manifestations in the orofacial complex are ubiquitous. Weakened facial musculature, gaunt appearance, tremors of the tongue, lips and eyes, erratic mandibular movements, bruxism, xerostomia, sialorrhea, dysphagia, dysgeusia and glossitis are examples of the plethora of atypical orofacial findings associated with PD. Further complications, including angular cheilosis, attrition, temporomandibular joint disorders, burning mouth syndrome, hyposmia and hypophonia, may arise as a consequence of these orofacial manifestations. The effects of PD on the orofacial complex may result in poor nutritional habits, which can exacerbate weight loss and contribute to a negative impact on physical, psychosocial and emotional health. Dentists should be able to identify signs of PD systemically, including but not limited to the orofacial region, to optimize the management of PD patients. Here, we report practical recommendations for the medical and dental management of patients with PD in accordance with the most recently published clinical practice guidelines.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Doença de Parkinson , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/complicações
3.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(11): 1271-1282, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To present a world panorama of the published papers on bruxism in children and adolescents, emphasising the characteristics of studies related to the sleep features of these patients. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted in six databases without language or date restrictions. Data on the titles, types of study, main subjects, countries of origin, keywords, years of publication, authors and their network collaborations, journals and sleep studies were extracted and analysed using VantagePoint™ software. RESULTS: A total of 725 studies met the eligibility criteria. Most included only children (75.31%), with observational design (66.34%), and risk or aetiology (53.93%) as the main subject. Brazil (18.06%) and Brazilian authors (54.84%) had the largest number of studies, with a low amount of network collaboration. The Journal of Oral Rehabilitation published most of the studies (6.2%); publications in this field have grown considerably from 2000 to 2020. Of the studies, 123 (16.96%) included sleep studies; night sweating, restless sleep, sleep talking, mouth breathing, snoring, obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, sleep-disordered breathing, nightmares, poor sleep quality and duration, and daytime naps were significantly associated with bruxism in most. CONCLUSION: Studies on bruxism in children and adolescents have increased in the past 20 years, with most being observational, and risk or aetiology as the main subject. Brazil and the Journal of Oral Rehabilitation have published most in the field. Sleep studies have shown some features associated with bruxism, such as night sweating, restless sleep, somniloquy, snoring, breathing problems, nightmares, daytime naps, and poor sleep quality and duration.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Bruxismo do Sono , Adolescente , Bibliometria , Criança , Humanos , Sono , Ronco
4.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 22(3): 268-272, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210927

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the active tactile sensitivity in individuals with complete natural dentition, determining the smallest thickness detected by the participants, and clarifying if there is a difference between the thicknesses analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Active tactile sensitivity was evaluated in 40 research participants. Inclusion criteria included participants with complete natural dentition, without active or history of periodontal disease, absence of temporomandibular disorders, bruxism, and restorations in the evaluated area. Exclusion criteria included age below 18 years. The active tactile perception threshold was evaluated by using carbon sheets of different thicknesses (0, 12, 24, 40, 80, 100, and 200 µm), which were inserted in the participants' premolars, bilaterally. The carbon sheet was inserted so as not to come into contact with the oral soft tissues. Subsequently, the participant occluded and was asked about the perception of the intraocclusal object 20 times in each occlusal contact. The collected data were tabulated considering the amount of positive and negative responses for each carbon thickness. Values of p < 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: The results showed that there was linearity in perception, on both sides, besides, the natural dentition was able to perceive difference in thickness from 12 µm. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the 12 µm thickness is noticeable in occlusion and can be differentiated from other thicknesses in natural dentition and that there is no difference between the tactile sensitivity of the right and left sides. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: A better understanding of active oral tactile sensitivity will contribute to numerous clinical applications in dentistry, including occlusal adjustment in dental rehabilitation, dental implants prosthesis design, and survival of prosthetic rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Boca Edêntula , Adolescente , Oclusão Dentária , Dentição , Humanos , Tato
5.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 29: e20201089, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dentists are exposed to contamination by SARS-CoV-2 due to dental interventions, leading to a state of alert and potential risk of negative impact in mental health and sleep quality, associated with Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) and bruxism. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the psychosocial status, sleep quality, symptoms of TMD, and bruxism in Brazilian dentists (DSs) during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODOLOGY: The sample (n=641 DSs) was divided into three groups (quarantined DSs; DSs in outpatient care; and frontline professionals), which answered an electronic form containing the TMD Pain Screening Questionnaire (Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders - DC/TMD), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21), and the sleep and awake bruxism questionnaire. ANOVA test and Mann Whitney post-test were used, with Bonferroni adjustment (p<0.016) and a 95% confidence level. RESULTS: Probable TMD was found in 24.3% (n=156) of the participants, while possible sleep and awake bruxism were diagnosed in 58% (n=372) and 53.8% (n=345) of them, respectively. Among all variables evaluated, only symptoms of depression were significantly greater in the quarantined DSs group when compared to those who were working at the clinical care (p=0.002). Working DSs were significantly less likely (OR=0.630, p=0.001) to have depressive symptoms. Those who were not worried or less worried about the pandemic were less likely to experience stress (OR=0.360), anxiety (OR=0.255), and poor sleep quality (OR=0.256). Sleep had a strong positive and moderate correlation with psychological factors on frontline workers and DSs in outpatient care, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results suggest confinement may have a more negative impact on the life of DSs than the act of being actively working. The concern about Covid-19 and poor sleep quality was significantly prevalent and may negatively affect the quality of life of DSs. Thus, further research on the topic is needed.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , COVID-19 , Bruxismo do Sono , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Brasil/epidemiologia , Odontólogos , Humanos , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida , SARS-CoV-2 , Sono , Bruxismo do Sono/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia
6.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(3 Suppl. 1): 197-204, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289679

RESUMO

The study analyzes how and if temporomandibular joint symptoms are influenced by different types of orthodontic therapy. Two-hundred-and-thirty-six adult orthodontic patients treated by different clinicians, were asked to complete a survey in which factors as the age, the gender and the type of device were considered. The questions were about the typical symptoms of temporomandibular disorders, in particular headache, bruxism, clenching, pain while opening the mouth and joint's noise. It was highlighted if these symptoms changed during the therapy and if they increased or decreased. The answers to our questionnaire revealed that the only statistically significative difference was related to bruxism, because we found a higher rate in patients treated with aligners than patients treated with metal braces, so we can suggest the fixed technique in the orthodontic patient who suffers of bruxism, even if further studies are required.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adulto , Cefaleia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Articulação Temporomandibular , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/etiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia
7.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(9): 1004-1012, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34191303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bruxism may involve bracing and thrusting of the mandible, in addition to clenching or grinding of the teeth. It is unclear how bracing and thrusting may contribute to potential musculoskeletal symptoms associated with bruxism. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of experimental bracing and thrusting of the mandible on the development of musculoskeletal symptoms in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Thirty healthy volunteers performed six trials of 5 min of repeated bracing and thrusting of the mandible. Bracing involved forcefully maintaining maximum protruded position (5 s with 1 s rest in between), whereas thrusting involved forcefully moving the mandible in a forward direction and back (1 Hz). The participants rated pain, unpleasantness, soreness, fatigue, tension, stiffness, stress and headache on 10-cm visual analogue scales (VAS) before, immediately and 24 h after the tasks. Pain drawings were obtained and maximum voluntary protrusive force (MVPF) was determined before and after the tasks. The outcome parameters for each task were compared between the time points. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in the VAS scores (2-4/10) of pain, unpleasantness, soreness, fatigue, tension, stiffness and stress immediately following the tasks compared to baseline and 24 h after the tasks (p < .008). Pain was frequently reported in masseter muscles. MVPF values were significantly higher immediately (p < .001) and 24 h after thrusting (p < .001) and bracing (p = .012) tasks compared to the baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Experimental bracing and thrusting of the mandible evoked transient, mild-to-moderate levels of muscle pain, fatigue, tension and stiffness and increased unpleasantness and stress scores in healthy volunteers.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Mandíbula , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Músculo Masseter , Dor , Medição da Dor
8.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 35(2): 129-138, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129658

RESUMO

AIMS: To answer the question: among observational studies, is there any association between primary headaches and bruxism in adults? MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of observational studies was performed. The search was performed in seven main databases and three gray literature databases. Studies in which samples were composed of adult patients were included. Primary headaches were required to be diagnosed by the International Classification of Headache Disorders. Any diagnostic method for bruxism was accepted. Risk of bias was evaluated using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Tool and the Meta-Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument (MAStARI) tool. Associations were analyzed by calculating odds ratios (OR) in Review Manager 5.3 software. The evidence certainty was screened by Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation criteria. RESULTS: Of the 544 articles reviewed, 5 met the inclusion criteria for qualitative analysis. The included studies evaluated both awake and sleep bruxism, as well as tension-type headaches and migraines as primary headaches. Among two migraine studies, one showed an OR of 1.79 (95% CI: 0.96 to 3.33) and another 1.97 (95% CI: 1.5 to 2.55). On the other hand, among three tension-type headache studies, there was a positive association only with awake bruxism, with an OR of 5.23 (95% CI: 2.57 to 10.65). All included articles had a positive answer for more than 60% of the risk of bias questions. The evidence certainty varied between low and very low. Due to high heterogeneity among the studies, it was impossible to perform a meta-analysis. CONCLUSION: Patients with awake bruxism have from 5 to 17 times more chance of having tension-type headaches. Sleep bruxism did not have any association with tension-type headache, and the association with migraines is controversial.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Bruxismo do Sono , Cefaleia do Tipo Tensional , Adulto , Bruxismo/complicações , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Razão de Chances , Bruxismo do Sono/complicações , Bruxismo do Sono/diagnóstico
9.
J Med Life ; 14(2): 205-209, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34104243

RESUMO

During the first two months of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic, Romania was in lockdown, and all dental practices were closed, so orthodontic patients had to postpone their check-ups for at least eight weeks. This led not only to a delayed end of treatment but also to accidents and complications. The present study tried to evaluate the orthodontic situation both from the patient's and orthodontist's point of view, so the patients were given a few questions to answer, and the orthodontist analyzed each treatment before and after the two-month lockdown and decided if it was mildly or severely affected by the absence of check-ups. The study group consisted of 105 patients evaluated by three orthodontists in the same private practice. Patients that have gotten worse after the lockdown or who had problems were included in the study. Also, all the patients were given a 7-question form in order to find out their opinion. After two months without check-ups, our orthodontists found that 9.52% got worse because of the lack of intermaxillary elastics, broken brackets, broken removable orthodontic appliances, and others. Most of the patients believe that their treatment was delayed by the Covid-19 pandemic, but none of the patients felt unsafe when visiting the clinic. The Covid-19 pandemic had severe effects on orthodontic treatments. Orthodontists noticed a delay for about one-third of their patients. However, from the patient's point of view, half believe that their treatment was negatively affected by the Covid-19 pandemic in different degrees.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Ortodontia , Adolescente , Adulto , Bruxismo/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Hábito de Roer Unhas , Pandemias , Distanciamento Físico , Romênia/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10964, 2021 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34040132

RESUMO

The dramatically changing situation during COVID-19 pandemic, is anticipated to provoke psycho-emotional disturbances and somatization arising from the current epidemiological situation that will become a significant problem for global and regional healthcare systems. The aim of this study was to identify the predictors, risk factors and factors associated with mental disorders, headache and potentially stress-modulated parafunctional oral behaviors among the adult residents of North America and Europe as indirect health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. This may help limit the long-term effects of this and future global pandemic crises. The data were collected from 1642 respondents using an online survey. The results demonstrated increased levels of anxiety, depression, headache and parafunctional oral behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic in both North American and European residents. The results of this study facilitated the definition of the group most predicted to experience the aforementioned secondary effects of the pandemic. This group included females younger than 28.5 years old, especially those who were single, less well educated and living in Europe. In case of this and other global crises this will allow faster defining the most vulnerable groups and providing rapid and more targeted intervention.


Assuntos
Bruxismo/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
11.
Dent Med Probl ; 58(2): 215-218, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974750

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has drastically changed the routine way of life and challenged the ways in which health and dental services are provided. During the 1st lockdown, practiced in most of the countries, routine dental procedures were suspended. Even after the lockdown was eased, visiting crowded dental clinics was still considered health-threatening, especially among populations at high risk of developing a severe reaction to COVID-19. Regretfully, in most cases, temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and bruxism were not included under the definition of emergency, leaving many patients without the possibility of consulting their dentists. A literature search, performed about 10 months after the declaration of the pandemic, found only a few studies dealing with TMD and bruxism during COVID-19. Most of the studies indicate adverse effects on subjects' psycho-emotional status (stress, anxiety, depression), which in turn lead to the intensification of subjects' TMD and bruxism symptoms, and increased orofacial pain. Unlike other oral pathologies, which require manual interventions, chronic orofacial pain can be addressed, at least at its initial stage, through teledentistry and/or consultation. Remote first aid for patients suffering from orofacial pain includes various kinds of treatment, such as the self-massage of tense and painful areas, stretching, thermotherapy, drug therapy, relaxation techniques, meditation, and mindfulness, all of which can be administered through the phone and/or the Internet. Relevant legal and ethical issues should be considered while using remote modes for the triage, diagnosis and treatment of chronic orofacial pain patients.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , COVID-19 , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Bruxismo/epidemiologia , Bruxismo/terapia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia
13.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(9): 989-995, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34041773

RESUMO

A smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) strategy was used to assess the frequency of awake bruxism behaviours, based on the report of five oral conditions (ie relaxed jaw muscles, teeth contact, mandible bracing, teeth clenching and teeth grinding). One hundred and fifty-three (N = 153) healthy young adults (mean ± SD age = 22.9 ± 3.2 years), recruited in two different Italian Universities, used a dedicated smartphone application that sent 20 alerts/day at random times for seven days. Upon alert receipt, the subjects had to report in real-time one of the above five possible oral conditions. Individual data were used to calculate an average frequency of the study population for each day. For each condition, a coefficient of variation (CV) of frequency data was calculated as the ratio between SD and mean values over the seven recording days. Average frequency of the different behaviours over the seven days was as follows: relaxed jaw muscle, 76.4%; teeth contact, 13.6%; mandible bracing, 7.0%; teeth clenching, 2.5%; and teeth grinding, 0.5%. No significant differences were found in frequency data between the two University samples. The relaxed jaw muscles condition was more frequent in males (80.7 ± 17.7) than in females (73.4 ± 22.2). The frequency of relaxed jaw muscles condition over the period of observation had a very low coefficient of variation (0.27), while for the different awake bruxism behaviours, CV was in a range between 1.5 (teeth contact) and 4.3 (teeth grinding). Teeth contact was the most prevalent behaviour (57.5-69.7). Findings from this investigation suggest that the average frequency of AB behaviours over one week, investigated using EMA-approach, is around 23.6%.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Universidades , Adulto , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Smartphone , Vigília , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(229): 5-8, abr. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253185

RESUMO

El propósito de este trabajo cualtitativo fue aplicar el método de Bioneuroemoción en individuos que, estando en tratamiento por bruxismo, continuaban con dolor y sintomatología asociada. El análisis de las creencias limitantes en común de los individuos, las resonancias familiares y la emoción primaria desencadenada, permitieron obtener desde dónde percibían dichos individuos las situaciones de mayor estrés. Para ello, se consideró un diseño muestral centrado en un grupo de cinco pacientes que concurrían al Servicio de ATM (Articulación Temporomandibular) de un hospital odontológico de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, donde estaban siendo tratados por bruxismo con placas miorrelajantes (AU)


Assuntos
Psicoterapia Racional-Emotiva , Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia , Bruxismo/terapia , Terapia Focada em Emoções , Serviço de Acompanhamento de Pacientes , Argentina , Dor Facial , Placas Oclusais , Entrevista , Cultura , Unidade Hospitalar de Odontologia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto
16.
Quintessence Int ; 52(6): 548-559, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Effects of modern cellular technology on our lives is a relatively new topic of interest. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of smartphone use on daytime sleepiness, temporomandibular disorders (TMD), and bruxism (sleep and awake) among young adults in Israel. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Questionnaires on demographic variables, mobile phone use characteristics, anxiety, depression, daytime sleepiness, bruxism (sleep and awake), and diagnosis of TMD were filled in by ultra-Orthodox young adults (18 to 35 years of age) using a simple mobile device with no internet connection, religious young adults who use an internet-connected smartphone solely for work purposes, and secular young adults with an internet-connected smartphone for unlimited use. RESULTS: Various aspects of smartphone use, including being awakened at night by the phone, stress caused by information delivered by the phone, and stress from phone overuse increased the risks of daytime sleepiness, TMD, and bruxism. Those sequelae are associated with substantial negative effects on both the individual and society. High risks of motor vehicle accidents, chronic orofacial pain, and irreversible damage to hard dental tissue structures are some of those negative consequences. CONCLUSIONS: The adverse effects of smartphone use on daytime sleepiness, TMD, and bruxism are substantial. Their influence on public health and health care costs are causes of concern. (Quintessence Int 2021;52:548-559; doi: 10.3290/j.qi.b1244431).


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Distúrbios do Sono por Sonolência Excessiva , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Israel , Smartphone , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 182, 2021 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occlusal stress from oral parafunctional habits is one of the causes of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and mandibular torus (MT). Although some studies have investigated the correlation between TMD and MT, understanding of the relationships between types of TMD and MT is insufficient. Therefore, we conducted this study to investigate the associations between presence of MT and TMD types. METHODS: This study included 77 patients diagnosed with TMD who first visited our clinic for TMD between March 2019 and July 2020. Among them, 30 (38.9%) had MT, and 54 (70.1%) had oral parafunction. Parafunctional activity during sleep was confirmed using a temporary splint for checking bruxism (TSCB). RESULTS: The relationship between prevalence of MT and oral parafunction in TMD patients was not statistically significant (P = 0.131), but the odds ratio was relatively high at 2.267. An analysis of TMD type revealed that Type I, which is classified as myalgia of the masticatory muscles, and MT had a significant association (P = 0.011). We fabricated a TSCB for 27 patients to wear during sleep and confirmed that 23 (85.2%) had nocturnal bruxism. The TSCB results and presence of MT showed a significant relationship (P = 0.047). CONCLUSION: Through the results of this study, clinicians may consider the hyperactivity of masticatory muscles in the presence of MT when treating TMD patients. In addition, TSCB has a great diagnostic value as it can be easily manufactured and be useful for discovering pre-existing oral parafunctions that patients are not aware of.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Bruxismo/complicações , Humanos , Músculos da Mastigação , Fatores de Risco , Contenções
18.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 39(1): 42-46, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885386

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate and compare the body mass index (BMI) of school-going children with bruxism and without bruxism of age between 6 and 12 years. Settings and Design: To find the correlation between BMI and oral habit bruxism among school children and compare with those children without bruxism. Materials and Methods: A total of 6122 children were screened from 28 government and 12 private schools, in which 1854 (30.28%) had various types of oral habits. Among this 280 children had the stressful habit bruxism. The BMI of those children was calculated by measuring the height and weight. The values were compared with the BMI of same number of students of same age group, who does not have any oral habits, with the WHO standard. The values were calculated and tabulated for the statistical analysis, using the SPSS software version 19 (IBM company) with the P < 0.05 as statistically significant. Results: Its shows that children with bruxism has high BMI range, was in the order of overweight > Normal > Underweight, but the BMI of children without any habit was in the order of normal > Underweight > Overweight. On comparison, it was statistically significant. Conclusion: The habit bruxism had a positive correlation with the BMI of children. The children are more stressed from both indoor and outdoor. Hence, kindly educate all the parents, teachers, and public to identify the cause for the habit, because each oral habit is strongly deep rooted with some emotional and/or psychological problem and to make the children stress free in future.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas
20.
Br Dent J ; 230(5): 271, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712754
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...