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3.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(2)2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526527

RESUMO

A 57-year-old woman presented with a 5-day history of worsening right upper quadrant pain, bilious emesis and approximately 20 pounds of weight loss. The patient was afebrile, without jaundice and had mild tenderness in her right upper quadrant. She noted an incidental finding of asymptomatic cholelithiasis on imaging 4 years earlier. An abdominal radiograph revealed pneumobilia and a large ectopic calculus. An abdominal CT scan confirmed pneumobilia, a large concretion completely obstructing the third portion of the duodenum and a soft tissue communication between the gallbladder and proximal duodenum. She was brought to the operating room for definitive treatment and had the obstructing gallstone removed via a transverse duodenotomy. Bouveret syndrome is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction that requires a high index of suspicion for diagnosis. It should be considered in older patients with clinical evidence of gastric or duodenal obstruction, particularly with a history of cholelithiasis.


Assuntos
Obstrução Duodenal/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Duodenopatias/complicações , Duodenopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução Duodenal/etiologia , Obstrução Duodenal/cirurgia , Feminino , Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/complicações , Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Biliares/complicações , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Humanos , Fístula Intestinal/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia Abdominal , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 93, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current management of choledocholithiasis entails the use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and clearance of the common bile duct. A rare complication of this procedure is the impaction of the basket by a large stone, which necessitates lithotripsy. Here we report a case of an impacted basket during ERCP, which was managed by open surgery with a duodenotomy and the manual removal of the basket. CASE PRESENTATION: A 79-year-old Caucasian man was admitted to our department with yellowish discoloration of urine, skin and eyes. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a slightly thickened gallbladder, multiple gallbladder stones, dilated intrahepatic bile ducts and extrahepatic bile extending to 1.1 cm. A computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrated a stone in the common bile duct, which caused dilation of the biliary ducts. The patient was diagnosed with obstructive jaundice secondary to choledocholithiasis; and underwent an ERCP, a sphincterotomy and stone extraction. Four days following discharge, the patient was readmitted with jaundice, abdominal pain, vomiting and fever. He was diagnosed with ascending cholangitis and treated initially with antibiotics. A second ERCP revealed a dilated common bile duct and choledocholithiasis. Stone removal with a basket failed, as did mechanical lithotripsy. Finally, the wires of the basket were ruptured and stacked in the common bile duct together with the stone. During exploratory laparotomy, adhesiolysis, a Kocher maneuver of the duodenum and a subtotal cholecystectomy were performed. Choledochotomy did not succeed in removing the impacted wires together with the stone. Therefore, a duodenotomy and an extension of the sphincterotomy were performed, followed by high-pressure lavage of the common bile duct to remove additional small biliary stones. The choledochotomy and duodenotomy were closed by a one-layer suture, and a prophylactic gastroenterostomy was performed to prevent leakage from the common bile duct and the duodenum. The postoperative course was satisfactory. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report in the literature of removal of an impacted Dormia basket through the papilla by performing a duodenotomy and an extension of the sphincterotomy, followed by gastroenterostomy.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Coledocolitíase/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Idoso , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Duodeno/cirurgia , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Masculino , Reoperação , Esfinterotomia Endoscópica , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Am J Surg ; 221(3): 538-542, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examines the outcomes of open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (OC/LC) in veterans with cirrhosis and develops a nomogram to predict outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program to identify all patients with cirrhosis and ascites who underwent cholecystectomy from 2008 to 2015. Univariate and multivariate regression were used to identify predictors of morbidity and mortality. A predictive nomogram was constructed and internally validated. RESULTS: A total of 349 patients were identified. Overall, complications occurred in 18.7% of patients, and mortality was 3.8%. LC was performed in 58.9%, and 19.2% were preformed emergently. Overall, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score was an independent factor of morbidity and mortality, while laparoscopic approach had a protective effect on morbidity. CONCLUSIONS: Although cholecystectomy is a high-risk operation in cirrhotic veterans, LC may have favorable outcomes than OC in selected patients. An easy-to-use nomogram to predict morbidity and mortality for cirrhotic patients undergoing cholecystectomy is proposed.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Cálculos Biliares/complicações , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Veteranos , Idoso , Feminino , Cálculos Biliares/mortalidade , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
7.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318258

RESUMO

A young, healthy woman presented to the emergency department multiple times with right upper quadrant pain and subjective fevers for over a year after her laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The patient required multiple hospital visits and extensive work-ups before finally being diagnosed with retained gallstones in her abdomen. After surgical removal of the stones, her symptoms resolved completely. The case highlights the challenges in diagnosing retained gallstones, the substantial burdens they can impose on patients, and the importance of prevention and thorough documentation.


Assuntos
Abdome/patologia , Abscesso Abdominal/etiologia , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Cálculos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Falha de Tratamento
8.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370996

RESUMO

An 87-year-old woman presented to us with a 5-day history of worsening epigastric pain and vomiting. Her medical history included known gallstones and a previous episode of acute cholecystitis complicated by a perforated gallbladder for which she had declined surgery 5 years prior. Radiological imaging confirmed a large gallstone impacted in the first part of the duodenum with gross gastric outlet obstruction and pneumobilia, confirming the diagnosis of Bouveret syndrome, an often overlooked and rare variant of gallstone ileus. Following an unsuccessful oesophagogastroduodenoscopy for stone retrieval, she underwent a laparotomy and gastrotomy with a successful outcome and discharged from hospital 4 weeks following the procedure.


Assuntos
Obstrução Duodenal/diagnóstico , Cálculos Biliares/complicações , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/diagnóstico , Íleus/diagnóstico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Obstrução Duodenal/etiologia , Obstrução Duodenal/cirurgia , Duodeno/diagnóstico por imagem , Duodeno/cirurgia , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório , Feminino , Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Biliares/diagnóstico , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/etiologia , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/cirurgia , Humanos , Íleus/etiologia , Íleus/cirurgia , Estômago/diagnóstico por imagem , Estômago/cirurgia , Síndrome , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia
9.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(4): 378-380, 2020 12 21.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351368

RESUMO

Introduction: Bouveret syndrome consists of an obstruction of the gastric outlet due to the impaction of a gallstone in the duodenal bulb after migration through a cholecystoduodenal fistula. Clinical Case: Patient with diffuse colicky abdominal pain, diarrhea and yellowish vomiting. The imaging tests carried out reveal significant gastric and duodenal dilation with the presence of gas at the gallbladder level with the existence of a cholecystoduodenal fistula with a rounded intraluminal image in the proximal jejunum compatible with migrated lithiasis. The patient underwent emergency surgery through an enterotomy with removal of the calculus and its closure. Discussion: Discussion: Bouveret's syndrome is a rare gallstone ileus condition that causes significant morbidity and mortality and often occurs in the elderly with significant comorbidities. Individual diagnosis and treatment strategies are required for optimal management and results, with endoscopic treatment or open surgery being the two treatments available for resolution of the condition. Conclusion: Bouveret syndrome is a life-threatening condition with gastric outlet obstruction caused by large gallstones. In most cases, a CT scan is required for diagnosis, and although in some cases percutaneous and endoscopic treatments can be successful as first-line treatment, most patients require surgery to remove stones.


Assuntos
Cálculos Biliares , Íleus , Cálculos Biliares/complicações , Cálculos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Humanos , Íleus/diagnóstico por imagem , Íleus/etiologia , Íleus/cirurgia , Fístula Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Intestinal/etiologia , Fístula Intestinal/cirurgia , Síndrome
10.
Wiad Lek ; 73(9 cz. 2): 1973-1976, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method of surgical treatment of patients with acute purulent cholangitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The research is based on the analysis of the treatment results in 104 patients with acute purulent cholangitis. The volume of surgical interventions on the biliary tract in patients was as follows: endoscopic papillosphincterotomy (EPST) + naso-biliary drainage; EPST + laparoscopic cholecystectomy; cholecystectomy + choledocholithotomy + drainage of the common bile duct. RESULTS: Results: The APACHE-2 scale assessment for patients in the control group was 12,80 ± 1,73, with the SOFA scale - 4,32 ± 0,31 points. Accordingly, the assessment for patients in the main group with the APACHE-2 scale is 11.76 ± 0.81, with the SOFA scale - 4.33 ± 0.79 points. The results obtained in both the control and the main group indicate that the physiological reactions of the organism to the disease, treatment, development of organ dysfunction are reflected in the integrated severity assessment scales. CONCLUSION: Conclusion: The performed analysis of clinical and laboratory results of treatment in both groups established the high efficiency of the proposed treatment method in patients with acute purulent cholangitis, which promotes the more rapid medical and social rehabilitation in this category of patients.


Assuntos
Colangite , Cálculos Biliares , Doença Aguda , Colangite/cirurgia , Colecistectomia , Drenagem , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Engenharia Genética , Humanos
11.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 117(11): 1001-1007, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177252

RESUMO

An 88-year-old patient had undergone endoscopic stenting for the treatment of acute cholangitis caused by choledocholithiasis. After a year and two months, he presented with cholangitis caused by common bile duct stones that formed a stent-stone complex. Another stent was observed adjacent to the old stent;however, the cholangitis relapsed in a short term. Thus, we planned to remove as many stones as possible. These stones were not free-floating and had affected the bile duct. Endoscopic mechanical lithotripsy was attempted;however, it failed. He was successfully treated using peroral cholangioscopy and electrohydraulic lithotripsy. After three months, he developed cholangitis because of the recurrence of choledocholithiasis. After removing as many stones as possible and performing endoscopic stenting, he was followed up as an outpatient. He had no symptoms for seven months after the procedure.


Assuntos
Coledocolitíase , Cálculos Biliares , Litotripsia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Coledocolitíase/diagnóstico por imagem , Coledocolitíase/cirurgia , Cálculos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22903, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120842

RESUMO

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the routine method to treat gallbladder polyps. Nowadays, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided cholecystostomy as a bridge for per-oral transmural endoscopic resection of gallbladder polyps is introduced because preservation of gallbladder is increasingly getting attention. The aim of our study was to evaluate the approach in the treatment of patients with gallbladder polyps and symptomatic gallstones.EUS-guided cholecystostomy with the placement of a lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) was performed for those patients with accompanying gallbladder polyps and symptomatic gallstones. Several days after the cholecystostomy with LAMS, a gastroscope was introduced into the gallbladder to remove gallbladder polyps.All patients were successfully performed with the procedures of EUS-guided cholecystoduodenostomy (n = 3) or cholecystogastrostomy (n = 1) and endoscopic resection of gallbladder polyps. One patient experienced severe peritonitis. During the follow-up at 3 months, 1 patient was performed with laparoscopic cholecystectomy because ultrasonography examination showed the reappeared gallstones. No stone recurrence was found in other patients. During the follow-up of 3 to 15 months, no polyp recurrence was found in all the patients.The approach is novel for performing EUS-guided gallbladder fistulization, which can subsequently allow procedures of per-oral transmural endoscopic resection of gallbladder polyps to avoid cholecystectomy in the patients with gallbladder polyps and gallstones. However, further studies are needed before clinical recommendation because of the complications and stone recurrence.


Assuntos
Colecistostomia/métodos , Endossonografia/métodos , Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico por imagem , Pólipos/cirurgia , Adulto , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Duodenostomia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Gastrostomia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Metais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/instrumentação
13.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5701-5706, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The simultaneous increase of antioxidant CAT (catalase) enzyme and plasma MDA (malonidialdehyde) concentrations versus the numeric rating scale (NRS) pain score following surgery is unknown. Patients and Methods: The study included 114 patients with gallstone disease and 29 patients in the cancer group. RESULTS: Following surgery, the plasma CAT concentrations increased and plasma MDA concentrations decreased in all patients and especially in cancer patients. The linear mixed model time-effect was statistically significant in CAT and MDA (p<0.001 and p=0.02, respectively). In addition, a significant correlation between NRS pain score values and plasma MDA median concentrations in cancer patients was identified (r=0.430, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The plasma MDA concentrations decreased and CAT concentrations increased significantly in all patients and especially in cancer patients following surgery. The simultaneous increase of antioxidant CAT enzyme with the decrease of plasma MDA may be an important ROS inhibiting mechanism to help patients return to normal antioxidant-oxidant status.


Assuntos
Catalase/sangue , Cálculos Biliares/sangue , Malondialdeído/sangue , Neoplasias/sangue , Dor/sangue , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Feminino , Cálculos Biliares/patologia , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Glutationa Peroxidase/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Dor/patologia , Dor/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22428, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991479

RESUMO

Previous research has revealed a positive relationship between GSD, cholecystectomy and primary liver cancer (PLC). However, previous studies had several limitations including the retrospective design, narrow assessment of potential confounders and lack of competing risk models in time-to-event analyses. We conducted a large prospective cohort study to explore the relationship between GSD, cholecystectomy and PLC. A total of 95,021 participants who had not been diagnosed with PLC previously were enrolled from the Kailuan Cohort study. Demographic characteristics and biochemical parameters were recorded at baseline for all participants. We used Cox regression models and competing risk regression models to evaluate the association of GSD and cholecystectomy with the risk PLC. A total of 306 incidental PLC cases were identified during a median follow-up of 9.05 (8.75-9.22) years per participant. Compared with the normal group, the multivariable HRs (95%CI) for the association of GSD and cholecystectomy with PLC were 1.77 (1.05-2.94), 5.25 (1.95-14.17). In the CS model, the multivariable HRs (95%CI) was 1.76 (1.05-2.94) for the association of GSD and cholecystectomy with PLC and 5.25 (1.95-14.17) for GSD and cholecystectomy. Similar results were also obtained in the SD model with corresponding multivariate HRs (95%CI) of 1.75 (1.01-3.00), 5.22 (1.90-14.07) in the GSD group and cholecystectomy group, respectively. GSD and cholecystectomy were associated with an elevated risk of PLC.Registration number: ChiCTR-TNRC-11001489.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia/efeitos adversos , Cálculos Biliares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Cálculos Biliares/complicações , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
15.
Lancet ; 396(10252): 726-734, 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891214

RESUMO

Acute pancreatitis is an unpredictable and potentially lethal disease. The prognosis mainly depends on the development of organ failure and secondary infection of pancreatic or peripancreatic necrosis. In the past 10 years, treatment of acute pancreatitis has moved towards a multidisciplinary, tailored, and minimally invasive approach. Despite improvements in treatment and critical care, severe acute pancreatitis is still associated with high mortality rates. In this Seminar, we outline the latest evidence on diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for acute pancreatitis.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Drenagem , Hidratação , Apoio Nutricional , Pancreatite/diagnóstico , Pancreatite/terapia , Amilases/sangue , Colecistectomia , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/etiologia , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/terapia , Cálculos Biliares/complicações , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Humanos , Lipase/sangue , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pancreatite/sangue , Pancreatite/etiologia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/diagnóstico , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/etiologia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/terapia , Pancreatite Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Pancreatite Alcoólica/terapia , Prevenção Secundária , Stents , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia
16.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e912, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144441

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: El íleo biliar representa el 4 por ciento de las causas de obstrucción intestinal en la población general. Objetivo: Mostrar un paciente con cuadro de oclusión intestinal por íleo biliar que fue diagnosticado y tratado en el transoperatorio. Caso clínico: Paciente de 78 años de edad con un cuadro oclusivo por un íleo biliar, al cual se le realizó enterolitotomía como tratamiento definitivo. Conclusiones: El íleo biliar es una causa de oclusión intestinal que todo cirujano general debe tener presente ante un anciano con elementos clínicos e imaginológicos de oclusión y sin intervenciones quirúrgicas previas o hernias de la pared abdominal(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Gallstone ileus represents 4 percent of the causes of intestinal obstruction in the general population. Objective: To present a patient with intestinal obstruction due to gallstone ileus and who was diagnosed and treated during the intraoperative period. Clinical case: The is presented of a 78-year-old patient with an occlusive condition due to gallstone ileus, who underwent enterolithotomy as definitive management procedure. Conclusions: Gallstone ileus is a cause of intestinal occlusion that every general surgeon should be aware of in the presence of an elderly with clinical and imaging elements of occlusion and without previous surgical interventions or hernias of the abdominal wall(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/métodos , Colelitíase/complicações , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Obstrução Intestinal/diagnóstico
17.
Am Surg ; 86(8): 1022-1025, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32809851

RESUMO

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy remains one of the most common surgical operations. Common bile duct stones (CBDS) are estimated to be present in 10%-20% of individuals with symptomatic gallstones. Preoperative magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) remain the most common methods of evaluation, with subsequent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for stone extraction if positive for CBDS. We examined our experience with preoperative MRCP versus IOC for the management of the jaundiced patient with cholelithiasis. This is a retrospective single-institution study that examined all laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed over a 15-month period between 2017 and 2018. Outpatient elective cases were excluded from the analysis. Charts were reviewed for demographics, operative details, and whether an MRCP, IOC, or ERCP was performed. Data were evaluated using a 2-sample t-test. A total of 460 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy over a 15-month period. Of those, 147 underwent either an MRCP or an IOC for clinical suspicion for CBDS. ERCP after MRCP was nontherapeutic in 11/32 (34%) compared with 2/12 (17%) of patients following IOC. The sensitivity and specificity of MRCP were 91% and 80%, respectively, with a positive predictive value of 66% and a negative predictive value of 96%. The sensitivity and specificity of IOC were 83% and 97%, respectively, with a positive predictive value of 83% and a negative predictive value of 97%. MRCP and IOC have unique advantages and disadvantages. MRCP has greater sensitivity, but poor specificity, resulting in unnecessary ERCPs with associated morbidity and increased costs to the patient.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Colangiopancreatografia por Ressonância Magnética , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Cálculos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Icterícia Obstrutiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Procedimentos Desnecessários/estatística & dados numéricos , Colangiografia/métodos , Cálculos Biliares/complicações , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Icterícia Obstrutiva/etiologia , Icterícia Obstrutiva/cirurgia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Surgery ; 168(4): 625-630, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has reached nearly universal adoption in the management of gallstone-related disease. With advances in operative technology, robotic-assisted cholecystectomy has been used increasingly in many practices, but few studies have examined the adoption of robotic assistance for inpatient cholecystectomy and the temporal outcomes on a national scale. The present study aimed to identify trends in utilization, as well as outcomes and factors associated with the use of robotic-assisted cholecystectomy. METHODS: The 2008 to 2017 database of the National Inpatient Sample was used to identify patients undergoing inpatient cholecystectomy. Independent predictors of the use of robotic assistance for cholecystectomy were identified using multivariable logistic regression adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics. RESULTS: Of an estimated 3,193,697 patients undergoing cholecystectomy, 98.7% underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 1.3% robotic-assisted cholecystectomy. Rates of robotic-assisted cholecystectomy increased from 0.02% in 2008 to 3.2% in 2017 (nptrend < .001). Compared with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, patients undergoing robotic-assisted cholecystectomy had a greater burden of comorbidities as measured by the Elixhauser index (2.2 vs 1.9, P < .001). Although mortality rates were similar, robotic-assisted cholecystectomy was associated with greater complication rates (15.5% vs 11.7%, P < .001), most notably gastrointestinal-related complications (3.7% vs 1.5%, P < .001). On multivariable regression, robotic-assisted cholecystectomy was associated with increased costs of hospitalization (ß: $2,398, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Using the largest national database available, we found a dramatic increase in the use of robotic-assisted cholecystectomy with no difference in mortality or duration of hospital stay, but there was a statistically significant increase in complications and costs. These findings warrant further investigation.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/tendências , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/tendências , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/economia , Feminino , Custos Hospitalares , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/economia , Estados Unidos
19.
Croat Med J ; 61(3): 239-245, 2020 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643340

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct diameter dilatation after laparoscopic cholecystectomy with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. METHODS: Forty-eight patients (35 women, mean age 54.58±11.83 years) underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of gallstones. The intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts were measured before and three and six months after cholecystectomy. The diameter was measured in the anteroposterior and laterolateral direction at 14 points. RESULTS: When compared with the preoperative diameter, the common bile duct diameter at the proximal part was significantly wider three months (P=0.006) and six months (P=0.0001) after cholecystectomy; the common hepatic duct was significantly wider three months (P=0.001) and six months (P=0.003) after cholecystectomy; the right and left hepatic bile ducts were significantly wider six months after cholecystectomy (P<0.0001, P=0.01, respectively); and the segmental intrahepatic bile ducts in both hepatic lobes were significantly wider three months (P<0.0001) and six months after cholecystectomy (P<0.0001). CONCLUSION: This study showed that significant post-cholecystectomy dilatation occurred only at certain points and not along the whole extrahepatic bile duct. We also found a significant dilatation of the main intrahepatic and segmental intrahepatic bile ducts.


Assuntos
Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Colangiopancreatografia por Ressonância Magnética , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Ductos Biliares/patologia , Dilatação Patológica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20412, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629627

RESUMO

To explore the risk factors related to the recurrence of common bile duct stones (CBDS) after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), so as to provide reference for reducing the recurrence of CBDS after ERCP.The clinical data of 385 patients with CBDS treated by ERCP from March 2012 to May 2016 were collected. According to the diagnostic criteria of recurrence of CBDS, the patients were divided into recurrence group and control group. The general information of the patients, personal history, past history, and surgical-related information were collected. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed on the collected data to identify risk factors for recurrence of CBDS after ERCP.A total of 262 patients were included in the study, of which 51 had recurrence of CBDS, with a recurrence rate of 19.46%. Multivariate Logistic analysis () showed greasy diet (P = .436), history of cholecystectomy (P = .639) and gallstone size (P = .809) were not independent risk factor for recurrence of stones after ERCP in CBDS. But age ≥65 (P = .013), history of common bile duct incision (P = .001), periampullary diverticulum (P = .001), common bile duct diameter ≥1.5 cm (P = .024), ERCP ≥2 (P = .003), the number of stones ≥2 (P = .015), the common bile duct angle ≤120° (P = .002) and the placement of bile duct stent (P = .004) are important independent risk factor for recurrence of stones after ERCP in CBDS.This study confirmed that ag ≥65, history of choledochotomy, periampullary diverticulum, diameter of common bile duct (≥15 mm), multiple ERCP, the number of stones ≥2, stent placement and angle of common bile duct < 120° were independent risk factors for recurrence of CBDS after ERCP.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco
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