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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e19061, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000455

RESUMO

To analyze whether a correlation exists between the caries status (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth, DMFT Index) of the first permanent molars (FPMs) and that of the full permanent dentition of Mexican adolescents, and to propose its use in large epidemiological studies of dental caries.We conducted a cross-sectional study of 1538 adolescents from 12 to 15 years old. Based on a clinical oral examination, we determined the DMFT Indices of their FPMs (FPM-DMFT) and of their full permanent dentition (comprehensive DMFT Index). We explored each FPM to determine whether it was with or without caries, filled, missing or sealed. For our statistical analysis, we used Fisher exact test and Spearman correlation in Stata software.After examining a total of 6157 FPMs, we found that 56.8% of our sample of adolescents had no caries in their 4 FPMs whereas 4.9% experienced caries in all 4. No significant differences emerged by sex (P > .05); however, by age, the older adolescents experienced greater FPM-DMFT (P < .05). Analysis yielded a correlation of r = 0.8693 between the FPM-DMFT and comprehensive DMFT scores (P < .0001) of participants. The underestimation of caries prevalence (DMFT > 0) was 5.4% (48.6% vs 43.2%), while the DMFT Index was underestimated at 0.34 (1.15 vs 0.81).The strong correlation between the FPM-DMFT and comprehensive DMFT Indices suggests that overall caries status can be inferred on the basis of FPM caries status. This evidence is useful when conducting large epidemiological studies such as national surveys.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Dentição Permanente , Dente Molar , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Prevalência
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e124, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994597

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the association of demographic conditions, socioeconomic status, clinical variables, and psychosocial factors with the number of filled teeth in adolescents from public schools. This cohort study comprised 1,134 12-year-old adolescents enrolled in public schools in Santa Maria, Brazil, in 2012. They were followed-up in 2014, where 743 individuals were reassessed (follow-up rate of 65.52%) for the number of filled teeth. Data were collected via dental examinations and structured interviews. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected from parents or legal guardians. The psychosocial factor comprised students' subjective measurement of happiness (Brazilian version of the Subjective Happiness Scale - SHS). Dental examinations were performed to assess the number of filled teeth through decay, missing, and filled teeth index (DMF-T). Unadjusted and adjusted Poisson regression analyses were performed to assess the association between baseline variables and filled teeth at follow-up. The number of filled teeth in 2012 and 2014 were 193 (17.02%) and 235 (31.63%), respectively. The incidence of filled teeth in 2014 was 42 (5.65%). Adolescents with untreated dental caries, those who visited the dentist in the last 6 months, those that exhibited being happier, and those who had filled teeth at baseline were associated with a higher number of filled teeth at follow-up. We conclude that the number of filled teeth in adolescents was influenced by clinical and psychosocial factors, emphasizing the need to focus on oral health policies in individuals with higher disease burden and those who feel psychologically inferior.


Assuntos
Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/estatística & dados numéricos , Setor Público/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/psicologia , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/psicologia
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e122, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939501

RESUMO

The distribution of harms to health varies spatially determined by the socioeconomic conditions of the environment. This research aimed to assess the spatial distribution of dental caries in 12-year-old children and their correlation with socioeconomic indicators in Brazilian states. The sample of this ecological study comprised all the 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District. Thematic and correlation maps were constructed in order to assess the spatial dependency, as well as the correlation between dental caries and socioeconomic factors. The results showed that the states with the worst DMFT indexes were located in the north and northeast, showing spatial autocorrelation. These regions also had the worst results for the following variables: poverty, illiteracy, education, and income. The bivariate analysis showed that household income and education level had negative spatial correlation with the DMFT index, while illiteracy and poverty rates showed positive correlation. Despite advances in the decline of DMFT index in recent years, there is still an inequity in the distribution of the caries disease.


Assuntos
Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Características da Família , Feminino , Geografia , Humanos , Masculino , Pobreza , Fatores Socioeconômicos
4.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 78(1): 6-12, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267814

RESUMO

Aim: To describe the distribution of enamel-, dentin-, root- and secondary caries within an elderly population in Northern-Norway.Material and methods: A study population (n = 1 173) was divided into age groups: 65-69 (seniors), 70-74 (young elderly), 75-79 (elderly) and 80-94 (old elderly). Seven examiners registered presence, location and severity of caries lesions on x-rays and intra-oral photos. Severity of approximal, occlusal, secondary and root caries was graded (D1-2: into enamel; D3-5: into dentin, root caries), and decayed missing filled surfaces/teeth (DMFS/DMFT) were calculated. T-test, ANOVA and a Bonferroni correction were used.Results: The seniors had more primary caries (DS1-5) compared to the oldest age groups, while the old elderly had significantly more secondary caries than the other groups (p < .05). Of those ≥65 years 13.8% were affected with root caries, 21% among the oldest. About 48% of the old elderly had one or more surfaces with untreated caries lesions into dentin, while for the other groups the number was 35% (p < 0.05).Conclusion: Individuals seem to maintain good oral health up to at least 80 years of age. Those older than 80 years have more root caries needing more intensified caries-controlling measures and a higher prevalence of untreated dentin lesions often in need of operative treatment.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Dentina/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega/epidemiologia , Prevalência
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 105, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors associated with tooth loss in adults from the position and number of teeth lost in the dental arches. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, population-based study with adults participating in the epidemiological survey of oral health of São Paulo in 2015. The outcome of the study was tooth loss, assessed by the proposed classification, namely: I) lost up to 12 back teeth; II) lost up to 12 teeth (including front teeth); and III) lost more than 12 teeth. A four-block analysis was conducted, supported by a conceptual theoretical model adapted for tooth loss. For the multinomial logistic regression, "individuals who did not lose teeth due to caries or periodontal disease" was used as reference (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Of 6,051 adults evaluated, 25.3% (n = 1,530) were classified in category I, 32.7% (n = 1,977) in II, 9.4% (n = 568) in III, and 1.9% (n = 117) were edentulous. Lower income and schooling, the perception of need for treatment and the last appointment motivated by routine, pain or extraction were associated with tooth loss, regardless of the classification. The negative evaluation of the dental service was associated with individuals who lost up to 12 teeth, both front and back. The presence of women and periodontal pocket were associated with tooth loss of up to 12 teeth, including front, and more than 12 teeth. Caries were associated with adults who lost up to 12 teeth, including front teeth. CONCLUSION: The proposed classification allowed the identification of differences between the associated factors. Thus, the need to consider such classification in future studies is evident.


Assuntos
Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/classificação , Bolsa Periodontal/epidemiologia , Bolsa Periodontal/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Perda de Dente/etiologia
6.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 76(4): 222-226, 2019 11 27.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833745

RESUMO

Introduction: Asthma is related to caries but the risk factors are not completely determined. Therefore, the objective of the study was to determine the risk of dental caries in pediatric asthmatic patients in inhalation treatment with salbutamol and budesonide who went to the National Hospital Arzobispo Loayza. Methods: Case-control study that consisted of 184 pediatric patients, between 5 and 12 years old, who attended the pneumology and pediatric dentistry service of the National Hospital Arzobispo Loayza during the years 2016-2017. The group of cases (n = 92) was composed of patients with moderate asthma medicated with inhaled salbutamol and budesonide, while the control group (n = 92) was composed of healthy patients. The risk of dental caries was evaluated with the dietary record, oral hygiene index and number of carious lesions. Results: The risk according to the type of cariogenic diet was moderate in both groups (p = 0.768). The oral hygiene index in the control group was regular in 63% (n = 58) and in the case group, bad in 60.9% (n = 56); p=0.001. The number of carious lesions in the control group was moderate in 50% (n = 46) and in the case group, high in 47.8% (n = 44); p = 0.001. Therefore, the risk of dental caries in the case group was high in 50% (n = 46) and in the control group it was moderate in 72.8% (n = 67); p = 0.001. Conclusion: The risk of dental caries in asthmatic patients on inhaled therapy with salbutamol and budesonide is significantly higher than that of healthy patients.


Assuntos
Albuterol/efeitos adversos , Antiasmáticos/efeitos adversos , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Budesonida/efeitos adversos , Cárie Dentária/induzido quimicamente , Administração por Inalação , Albuterol/administração & dosagem , Antiasmáticos/administração & dosagem , Budesonida/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Higiene Bucal , Peru/epidemiologia , Projetos Piloto , Fatores de Risco
7.
Georgian Med News ; (295): 42-47, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804197

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to study the current problems of non-carious dental lesions in residents of Penza, depending on the influence of production factors. In the structure of non-carious lesions, there is a large group of diseases (and injuries) of the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel, dentin, cement), which have their various clinical manifestations, the occurrence and development of which is not directly related to the microbial factor, unlike carious lesions. Such diseases are enamel and dentin hypoplasia, fluorosis, wedge-shaped defect, etc. All these diseases can be manifested by spotting, expressed to varying degrees on permanent and temporary teeth, which sometimes complicates the differential diagnosis with the initial stages and causes a significant aesthetic defect. Thus, the identification and treatment of non-carious lesions in practical dentistry is undoubtedly an urgent task. The team of authors conducted a dental examination of 350 patients from among adult residents of Penza and the Penza region aged from 20 to 60 years of the main professional groups of the region (working at enterprises of heavy and medium machinery, in the timber processing industry, engaged in agriculture). As a result of the study it was revealed that the Penza region is endemic for fluorosis, in connection with which there are high prevalence rates of fluorosis and hypoplasia of teeth. At the same time, respondents working in the machine-building and timber processing industries have a slightly lower prevalence, which is associated with large proportions of the foreign population (persons born and raised in other regions). At the same time, the influence of production factors on the incidence of different types of non-carious dental pathology in respondents working in the machine-building and timber processing industries of the Penza region was established. This mainly concerned non-carious diseases that occur after teething-pathological abrasion of teeth, wedge-shaped defect, multiple cracks of enamel.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Fluorose Dentária , Dente , Adulto , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Esmalte Dentário , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/epidemiologia , Dentina , Fluorose Dentária/epidemiologia , República da Geórgia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
8.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e118, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859707

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the experience of caries related to social capital and associated factors in adults in large-scale population-based study. A Cross-sectional study was performed in 163 municipalities in the State of São Paulo, Brazil (SBSP-2015). 17,560 people were evaluated, of which 6051 were adults aged 35-44 years. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was proposed. Outcome variables (decayed teeth, missing teeth and DMFT) and independent variables were included in the model, considering the distal (income and schooling); intermediate (social capital) and proximal levels (sex and ethnicity). Results showed that income up to 1,500 reais - US$ 367.6 in 11/11/2019 - (OR = 1.91;1.75-2.08), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.32;1.12-1.56) and non-white ethnicity (OR = 1.54;1.35-1.76) were more likely to have decayed teeth. Income up to 1500 reais (OR = 1.29;1.15-1.44), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 2.13;1.90-2.38), low social capital (OR = 1.84;1.65-2.04), medium social capital (OR = 1.15;1.01-1.30) and females were more likely to have lost teeth (OR = 1.13;1.03-1.23). Schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.51;1.35-1.69), low social capital (OR = 1.25; 1.14-1.37) and female (OR = 1.40,1.19-1.53) were associated with DMFT. It was concluded that sociodemographic factors and low social capital were associated with the experience of caries, which should be taken into account in the formulation of public policies.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Capital Social , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(4): 623-629, 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885237

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fluorine is a common element in nature; however, the difference between a beneficial dose and a toxic dose for the organisms is small. The main source of fluoride for humans is water in addition to food. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the degree of severity of pathological changes, namely, caries or fluorosis, in the mineralized tooth tissue of 15-year-old adolescents with respect to their hygienic and nutritional habits, and the content of fluorine in drinking water, soil and plant products. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 100 adolescents aged 15 from schools in Sosnilka, L'viv region, were examined. The condition of mineralized tooth tissue was evaluated by the caries severity, expressed by the mean number D3MFT, caries frequency and value of the SIC index. Fluorine in plant material and soil were determined according to the PN-G-04543:1982 standard, and water according to the PN-EN ISO 10304 - 1: 2009+ AC: 2012 standard. RESULTS: Severity of caries disease expressed by the D3MFT number in the examined group of 15-year-olds was 3.39; in the group of girls - 3.08, and in the group of boys - 3.76. In the examined group, the average number of teeth with fluorosis was 7.59. Value of the SIC index among the examined population of students (n-31) was 6.26: 5.89 (n-18) for girls and 7.31 (n-13) for boys. Fluorine concentration in the water was 0.78 - 1.25(mg·dm-3). In the soil, it also did not vary across the sampled areas and amounted, on average, to 176 mg·dm-3. The biggest fluorine content noted in the dry mass of beetroots was 3.50 (mg F· kg), and the lowest - 3.34 (mg F· kg). CONCLUSIONS: Close to optimal fluorine content lowers caries severity and frequency of fluorosis. Optimal fluorine content in drinking water and food does not require additional diet supplementation.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Água Potável/análise , Flúor/análise , Fluorose Dentária/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Calcificação Fisiológica , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Cárie Dentária/metabolismo , Higienistas Dentários , Água Potável/metabolismo , Feminino , Flúor/efeitos adversos , Flúor/metabolismo , Fluorose Dentária/etiologia , Fluorose Dentária/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Dente/fisiopatologia , Ucrânia/epidemiologia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18463, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861023

RESUMO

There is a lack of population-based surveys on oral health in Jilin province. Accordingly, this study aimed to understand the oral health status of 12-year-old children in Jilin province, China, to demonstrate the prevalence of oral health-related diseases, as well as to identify the associated risk factors.From February to April 2017, a cross-sectional investigation was conducted among 2324 children aged 12 years from 63 public schools of 9 regions in Jilin province, China. A questionnaire of World Health Organization (WHO) was conducted to ascertain the potential risk factors associated with oral diseases. The 3 examiners, who received theoretical and clinical training before the investigation, underwent clinical examinations to assess dental caries, dental fluorosis, presence of calculus, and gingival bleeding. Furthermore, the mean decayed-missing-filled tooth (DMFT), the rate of pit and fissure closure, education level of patients, brushing habits, and sugar consumption were also evaluated. All data analyses were conducted using SPSS version 19.0.A total of 2324 twelve-year-old children from 9 regions in Jilin-China were examined from February to April 2017. The prevalence of dental caries, dental fluorosis, calculus, and gingival bleeding reached 40.8%%, 21.8%, 47.93%, and 48.88%, respectively; the mean DMFT was 0.8787. The proportion of DMFT was 83.7% for decayed teeth, 0.2% for missing teeth, and 16.1% for filling teeth. The prevalence of pit and fissure closure was 10%.Educational level of parents was negatively correlated with the prevalence of oral diseases, whereas sugar consumption was positively associated with dental caries prevalent in children. We also found that there was no association between brushing habits and dental caries in children aged 12 years in Jilin Province.


Assuntos
Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Fluorose Dentária/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Açúcares da Dieta , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664362

RESUMO

It has been postulated that oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) may be affected by the sense of coherence (SOC), but there are no epidemiological studies investigating this association in Brazilian adults. The present study was conducted among adults of a mid-sized Brazilian city, with the aim of looking into this association. The probability sampling consisted of 342 adults aged 35-44 years old, from a mid-sized Brazilian city, who were examined at their homes for caries (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth [DMFT] Index) and periodontal disease (Community Periodontal Index - CPI), according to WHO criteria. The questionnaire applied included demographic factors, socioeconomic information, use of dental services, behavior, SOC and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP). The OHIP outcome, measured by prevalence of the impact, was analyzed by binary logistic regression using a hierarchical approach, a conceptual model, and a 5% significance level. A total of 67.9% of the respondents had one or more impacts on OHRQoL, and 54.4% showed a high SOC. The impact on OHRQoL was more prevalent in adults who had a manual occupation (PR = 2.47, 95%CI 1.24-4.93), those who perceived the need for dental treatment (PR = 2.93, 95%CI 1.67-5.14), and those who had untreated caries (PR = 1.93, 95%CI 1.07-3.47). Those with a low SOC had a twofold higher prevalence of impact on OHRQoL (PR = 2.19, 95%CI 1.29-3.71). This impact on OHRQoL was associated with a low SOC, even after adjusted by socioeconomic, behavioral and clinical factors. Future studies should consider the SOC in determining the oral health impact on quality of life.


Assuntos
Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Senso de Coerência , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/psicologia , Valores de Referência , Distribuição por Sexo , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27(3): 256-262, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580564

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate caries prevalence in a sample of schoolchildren aged 6 to 16 years from rural and urban areas in Croatia. METHODS: Using standardized World Health Organisation (WHO) criteria, the oral health status of 1,589 children (265 from rural and 1,324 from urban areas) was assessed by recording the following indices: DMFT (decayed, missing, filled permanent teeth), deft (decayed, extracted, filled primary teeth), DMFS (decayed, missing, filled surfaces - permanent teeth), defs (decayed, extracted, filled surfaces - primary teeth) and SiC (Significant Caries Index). Rural areas were Stitar and Babina Greda municipalities in Slavonia and urban areas were the cities of Zupanja (Slavonia), Zagreb and Dubrovnik. RESULTS: Half of the examined children (50.0%) had caries (D component in DMFT), with 46.0% of these being from urban and 70.2% from rural areas. The median DMFT among children was 2, 4 (rural) and 2 (urban) (p < 0.001). Among 12-year-olds, the median DMFT was 4 (rural) and 3 (urban), and mean DMFT was 3.4. The median DMFS for rural area was 5 and for urban area 3 (p < 0.001). The median deft was 1.00 for rural and 1.00 for urban, while the highest value was found among 6-year-olds at 9 in rural and 7 in urban areas. The median SiC was 4, 4 (urban) and 5 (rural). CONCLUSION: Schoolchildren from urban and rural areas in Croatia differ significantly in caries prevalence. They fall into the medium DMFT classification group according to the WHO, which indicates the need for a comprehensive oral health preservation programme.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Criança , Croácia , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 126(9): 437-441, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522209

RESUMO

In a general dental practice, attention was drawn to a patient by numerous deep carious cavities following bariatric surgery. In the research literature, indications can be found for a negative influence of bariatric surgery on oral health. Risk factors for caries, such as the number of cariogenic bacteria in saliva, inadequate quantity and quality of saliva, gastrooesophageal reflux and vomiting may be become more pronounced. Additionally, dietary habits will change due to the altered anatomy of the gastro-intestinal tract. Negative effects of bariatric surgery on periodontal tissue have also been found. However, it is conceivable that patients who are overweight already have poorer oral health prior to bariatric surgery,due to lifestyle and dietary habits, than comparable people who are not overweight. Health education programmes prior to and following bariatric surgery seem to have a positive effect on oral health. Initiating more research into oral health related to bariatric surgery is recommended.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Cárie Dentária , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal
14.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 202, 2019 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the relationship between enrolment in a school-based oral health prevention program (SOHP) and: 1) children's dental health status and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and 2) mothers' oral health (OH) knowledge, attitude, practice, and OHRQoL. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, in the Kuwait Capital, included 440 primary school children aged 11 to 12 years and their mothers. Participants were classified into two groups: SOHP and non-SOHP. The SOHP group had been enrolled in the prevention program for at least 3 years: children had twice-a-year applications of fluoride varnish and fissure sealants if needed; mothers had, at least, one oral health education session. The non-SOHP group had negative consents and had not been exposed to the prevention program activities. Dental examinations were performed at schools using portable dental units. Caries experience was determined using the decayed (D/d), missing (M/m), and filled (F/f) teeth (T/t)/surface (S/s) indices. Children's OHRQoL was assessed using a self-administered validated Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14). Mothers' OH knowledge, attitude, practice, and OHRQoL were also assessed. After Bonferroni correction, a p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant for caries experience measures while a p-value of less than 0.013 was considered statistically significant for OHRQoL subscales and mothers' OH knowledge, attitude, practice, and OHRQoL. RESULTS: Mean (SD) DT/dt, DMFT/dmft and DMFS/dmfs were 1.41 (1.66), 2.35 (2.33), and 4.41 (5.86) for SOHP children, respectively. For non-SOHP children, the means were 2.61 (2.63), 3.56 (3.05), and 7.24 (7.78), respectively. The difference between the SOHP and non-SOHP was statistically significant (p <  0.001). Children enrolled in the program had a higher number of sealed and restored teeth. No significant differences were found in CPQ11-14 scores or subscale scores between the two groups. No significant difference in mothers' OH knowledge, attitude, practices or OHRQoL was found between SOHP and non-SOHP groups (P > 0.013). CONCLUSION: Enrolment in the SOHP prevention services was associated with a positive impact on children's caries level with no significant impact on mothers' knowledge, attitude, practice, or OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Kuweit/epidemiologia , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 204, 2019 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ebiino, a form of Infant Oral Mutilation (IOM), involves the gauging or enucleation of primary canine tooth buds in infants, and is believed to be a form of remedy to a range of childhood diseases. The effects of this practice have ranged from the child experiencing excessive bleeding, opportunistic infections and even death, besides the potential negative dental effects on primary and the developing permanent dentition of the affected child. The purpose of the study was to establish the occurrence of Ebiino and its dental effects in a rural child-population in Uganda. METHODS: This study formed part of a larger descriptive cross-sectional study on dental caries and gingivitis, in which 432 children aged 3-5 years old from Nyakagyeme Sub-county, Rukungiri District, Uganda, participated. All the 432 participants (230 males and 202 females, mean age 4.1 SD = 0.8) who had been recruited through stratified random sampling procedure, and whose caregivers had provided a written informed consent, were included in the study. Initially the past dental history of each participant was obtained, and all the children had an oral examination carried out to establish their dental status. RESULTS: The data gathered were entered in a computer and analysed using Windows SPSS version 23.0. The results of the analysis showed the prevalence of missing teeth not due to reasons like caries or trauma was 8.1%, with the primary canine being the most commonly missing tooth. These unusual missing teeth were attributed to a traditional practice called Ebiino. Chi-square test showed no statistically significant association of Ebiino with gender and age (p = 0.352 and p = 0.909, respectively). Also found in the study were enamel hypoplasia or damage of some primary canines and/or the primary lateral incisors and first primary molars, as well as displacement of adjacent teeth, a result found to be associated with the practice. CONCLUSION: The practice of Ebiino appears to be endemic within the communities in Rukungiri region in spite of the negative impacts in form of hypoplasia, midline shift, trauma, dental displacement and missing adjacent teeth that it had on the primary dentition of the child.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Oclusão Dentária Traumática/etnologia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Medicina Tradicional Africana , Prevalência , População Rural , Dente Decíduo , Uganda/epidemiologia
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 183, 2019 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Factors associated with increases in dental caries and changes in the family socioeconomic profile were investigated in a paediatric primary health care (PHC) cohort in Northeast Brazil during the implementation of social and income transfer programmes. METHOD: A prospective analytical study compared data from two surveys on caries in primary dentition conducted in 2006 (age: 18-36 months, n = 1045) and 2010 (age: 5-7 years). Data from the sample recruited and re-examined in 2010 (n = 469) were analysed. Prevalences (P) and the mean primary decayed, missing and filled teeth (dmft) index, cumulative incidence and mean increase were calculated. Differences (p ≤ 0.05 and 95% CI) in dmft ≥1 were identified via McNemar's test. Differences in the mean dmft were evaluated according to socioeconomic variables (Kruskal-Wallis test and p ≤ 0.05). Multivariate analysis with a negative binomial model was used for the risk factors associated with increasing dmft. In the univariate analyses, nonparametric methods (Kruskal-Wallis test) were used to compare subsamples. Variables with p ≤ 0.20 were included in the multivariate model and retained when p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: The prevalence and mean dmft (18-36 months and 5-7 years: p = 28.6 and 68.9%, mean = 1.01 and 3.46, respectively) and variation in mean dmft changed significantly (p < 0.005) with the education level and occupation of the mother; the prevalence and mean dmft were lower for higher maternal education level and maternal participation in the labour market. The cumulative incidence and mean increase in dmft were 8.71% and 2.45, respectively. Common risk predictors for increases in caries were consumption of sweets (RR = 1.53, 95% CI 1.09-2.14) and attendance at public schools (RR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.81-1.89). Use of private clinical services was a protective factor (RR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.54-0.87). CONCLUSION: Increases in caries were observed despite positive changes in the distribution of socioeconomic indicators for the analysed children's families. The risk factors identified for the increase in caries suggest ongoing problems regarding the effectiveness of intersectoral and health measures for controlling caries in populations exposed to PHC programmes.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prevalência , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 184, 2019 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of population-based surveys on oral health conditions in Ecuador. Thus, the aim of this study was to conduct an epidemiological survey with a representative sample of children aged 12 years from public schools of Quito, Ecuador. The aim of this initial report was to describe the methodology used in the survey, as well to present results regarding calibration procedures and prevalence of oral-health related outcomes. METHODS: We invited 33 public schools' coordinators from the urban area of Quito, and 1100 children (12 years old) to take part in this study. Six trained and calibrated examiners conducted clinical examinations using oral mirrors and ball-ended probes to assess: dental caries, traumatic dental injuries, malocclusion, gingival bleeding, presence of calculus and fluorosis. Children also responded a questionnaire on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). Individual sociodemographic data was collected through a questionnaire sent to parents. Moreover, some contextual data on school environment (infrastructure conditions, promotion of health practices and negative episodes) were also evaluated. Prevalence values, crude and weighted by sampling weights, and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated. RESULTS: Nine hundred and ninety-eight children from 31 schools were examined from March to May 2017. The adjusted prevalence values (95%CI) for the six outcomes evaluated were: dental caries = 60.3% (55.3 to 65.0%); traumatic dental injuries = 20.7% (17.2 to 24.8%); dental fluorosis = 63.7% (58.5 to 68.5%); gingival bleeding = 92.0% (87.1 to 95.2%); presence of calculus = 69.9 (60.5 to 77.9%); and malocclusion = 25.8% (21.8 to 30.3%). Adjusted mean of number of decayed, missed or filled permanent teeth (DMF-T) was 1.61 (1.37 to 1.84). Results on OHRQoL and other contextual variables will be reported in other articles. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of the majority of oral health problems in 12-year-old children from public schools in Quito-Ecuador was compatible with those observed in other similar cities. However, periodontal health and fluorosis seem to be highly prevalent in children from Quito.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Equador/epidemiologia , Humanos , População , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Georgian Med News ; (291): 50-53, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418730

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to determine the spread and intensity of dental caries in the adolescents and study the characteristics of damage to create the unified method of prognosis and development risk level of the aforementioned pathology. Impact of risk factors on the mineralization of hard tissue of tooth was studied in the 381 adolescents aged 11-16. The study found that dental caries spread among the research group was high, with the 77.9% (p>0,005), and the intensity was between average (DMFT=2,3). An analysis of the differences between values of the average caries intensity and the SIC index (Significant Caries index) in relative terms showed that minimal differences were observed in adolescents 12-13 years old (1.4 times), and maximum differences in 15-16 years old (2.5 times). Among local risk factors that induce demineralizing processes of hard tooth tissues in all age groups, poor oral hygiene (86.5%) and dental anomalies (56%) are the most significant, whereas among general risk factors, the hormonal state of juvenile age (27.2%) is of primary importance. Thus, the assessment of the role and significance of common and local risk factors of the development of dental caries, considering age, will allow organizing their early prevention mechanisms and selection of the most appropriate and optimal treatment method.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Prevalência
19.
Orv Hetil ; 160(35): 1380-1386, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448643

RESUMO

Introduction: Dental care for mentally disabled people poses a growing challenge for healthcare. In Hungary, the number of mentally disabled people needing special dental care is ca. 100 000. Aim: The aim of our retrospective analysis is to provide a summary of the demographic data and the treatment outcomes of patients with mental disorders treated at the Department of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Semmelweis University in the past five years. Method: Dental care for patients with a severe level of mental disability can be carried out in general anaesthesia only. At Semmelweis University, in the Oral and Maxillofacial Department, 1717 mentally disabled adults received dental care during the past five years. (Patients included people with a mild, medium or severe level of mental disability, patients with Down's syndrome, autism, epilepsy or panic disorder.) Results: The single biggest achievement seems to be the fact that the issue of acute dental care and oral surgery has basically been settled. A workable relationship has been forged with foundations and organizations dealing with the problems of these patients. It has been realized, however, that in the case of mentally disabled patients there is an enormous need for prevention and ongoing care. Conclusions: Up to now no survey has been carried out in Hungary with the aim of objectively revealing the dental care needs of these patients. Internationally, however, several surveys have been published. It can be stated on the basis of these that both caries frequency and the presence of parodontal diseases increase in correlation with age and the level of disability. Oral hygiene is insufficient, patients or their caretakers do not get proper information, only a few of them receive adequate training and they are not motivated to keep up oral health. Dental care, except for tending acute cases, is not satisfactory. For the sake of prevention, cooperation is needed with non-governmental organizations, foundations, special education teachers and psychiatrists specialized in this field. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(35): 1380-1386.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/cirurgia , Pessoas com Deficiência Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Periodontais/cirurgia , Cirurgia Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências/tendências , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Bucal/tendências
20.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 192, 2019 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of tooth wear among preschool children in Jakarta, Indonesia, and examine the risk factors associated with its occurrence. METHODS: An epidemiological survey was conducted with a cross-sectional study design. The participants were recruited via cluster sampling. Tooth wear was clinically assessed by one examiner using the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) criteria. The children's caries experience was also recorded. The parents of the participating children completed a self-administered questionnaire to answer demographic questions about the children and gather information about the children's diet and oral health behaviors as well as the parents' dental health-related knowledge. The data were analyzed using the Chi-square test and binary logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 752 five-year-old children were invited to participate, with 691 (92%) enrolling in the study. Tooth wear occurred in 23% (161/691, BEWE > 0) of the participants, in which 78% (125/161) had at least one moderate tooth wear status (BEWE = 2). The consumption of citrus drinks, fruit juice, and vitamin C supplement drinks, together with the child's caries experience, the father's education level, and the family's socioeconomic status, were significantly associated with tooth wear. CONCLUSIONS: The five-year-old preschool children in Jakarta had a relatively low prevalence of tooth wear. Those consuming more acidic drinks, those with a higher socioeconomic status, and those with an absence of caries experience had a higher risk of tooth wear.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Atrito Dentário , Erosão Dentária , Desgaste dos Dentes , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/epidemiologia
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