Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 301.772
Filtrar
1.
Ann Parasitol ; 65(2): 145-149, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376344

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to analyse the amino acid sequences of the 18S rRNA gene of Babesia canis strains and the proteomic analysis of the serum of dogs infected with three various genotypes: 18S rRNA B. canis. Material for the research was DNA B. canis obtained from dogs with babesiosis. In total, 60 DNA tested samples were divided into three groups (20 samples each). The groups were formed by DNA samples of the sequences marked as 18S RNA-A (group 1), 18S RNA-B (group 2), and 18S RNA-C (group 3). The basis for the classification of protozoa to a specific group was the location of relevant nucleotides (GA, AG, or TT) in position 150-151 of the tested nucleotide sequence 18S rRNA. Nucleotide sequences were transcribed into amino acid sequences and then analysed using DNASTAR software. From all 60 infected and ten healthy dogs (control group), the serum was taken to make proteomic tests using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometer. It was demonstrated that the mutations found in position 150 and 151 of the nucleotide sequence, result in a change of amino acid sequences. Moreover, it was also demonstrated that the disease course in dogs infected with different strains of protozoa is different. Each of the analysed strains of protozoa induced in the serum of infected animals the appearance of a protein fraction of mass 51 kDa, which may then be treated as a nonspecific disease marker used for the diagnosis of this disease but not to differentiate the protozoa strains.


Assuntos
Babesia , Babesiose , Doenças do Cão , Proteoma , RNA de Protozoário , RNA Ribossômico 18S , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Babesia/genética , Babesiose/sangue , Babesiose/parasitologia , Doenças do Cão/sangue , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Proteínas de Protozoários/sangue , Proteínas de Protozoários/química , RNA de Protozoário/química , RNA Ribossômico 18S/química , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética
2.
Ann Parasitol ; 65(2): 151-158, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378013

RESUMO

Dogs which spend their lives in rural areas are primarily "sentinels" of animal herds. The dogs' close contact with humans and other animals obligates their caregivers to systematic deworming. The goal is to eliminate potential contamination with parasites which is mostly caused by direct contact or food and water contaminated with dogs' excretions. The aim of this study was to assess internal parasitic invasions on dogs from rural areas which spend most of their lives on farms. In total, 69 samples of fresh stools were collected for the analysis, including 26 from females and 43 from males. Coprological analysis of stool samples was accompanied with a survey where pet owners gave information on the number of visits to the veterinarian in suspicion of their dogs being infected with the parasites, the number of deworming treatments in the previous year and the dogs' behavior towards strangers. Also, the age, sex and body weight of dogs were recorded. Statistical analysis of the obtained results was performed using Statistica 12.5 with a medical set by Statsoft. In total, 29 (46,03%) out of 69 fecal samples contained developmental forms of parasites. Research has shown that animals most vulnerable to invasion were in the 6­10 years old age group, mostly males. In addition, the invasion of Toxocara canis roundworms occurred most frequently, as it was found in 12 (41.37%) animals (6 females and 6 males). The analysis of the questionnaires showed that the dog owners' knowledge of the risk of infection and parasites is unsatisfactory. This corresponded with a small number of deworming treatments. It is significant that nearly half of the owners never dewormed their dogs.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Parasitos , Animais , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Parasitos/isolamento & purificação , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Toxocara canis , Toxocaríase/epidemiologia
3.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 214: 109893, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378220

RESUMO

Differentiation between canine chronic enteropathy (CCE) and intestinal lymphoma is a diagnostic challenge as histopathology might fail to yield unequivocal results. Detection of clonal rearrangements of the T-cell-receptor gamma (TCRG) chain and IG heavy chain (IGH) V-J genes offer a useful solution. In this retrospective study, histopathology samples of 35 CCE patients and 7 healthy Beagle dogs underwent clonality testing. Patients suffered either from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), food responsive diarrhea (FRD) or protein loosing enteropathy secondary to IBD (PLE/IBD). Healthy Beagles served as controls (CO). Canine IBD activity index (CIBDAI) and histopathological WSAVA-grading differed significantly (p<0.001) between groups. CIBDAI improved significantly after appropriate therapy (p < 0.0001). Intestinal biopsies of all CO showed polyclonal patterns for B- and T-cell primers. All samples from CCE patients showed polyclonal patterns for the B-cell primers. Targeting TCRG, 4 patients showed a monoclonal or oligoclonal pattern of the lymphocytic infiltrates in the duodenum and/or colon. Clinical improvement was observed in all dogs. Although a small cell lymphoma cannot be excluded in view of the short follow up duration, a false positive result, in the sense of a canonical rearrangement or unspecific amplification due to a antigenic stimulation in a non-neoplastic inflammatory process is possible.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/genética , Enteropatias Perdedoras de Proteínas/genética , Enteropatias Perdedoras de Proteínas/veterinária , Animais , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença Crônica , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Cães , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico do Linfócito T , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Intestinos/patologia , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/veterinária , Masculino , Enteropatias Perdedoras de Proteínas/diagnóstico , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T gama-delta/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 214: 109902, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378221

RESUMO

Autoantibodies against cytokines have been associated with immunodeficiency, susceptibility to infectious diseases, autoimmunity and inflammation in humans, but have not yet been investigated in the Veterinary field so far. The aim of the current study was to determine the presence of anti-cytokine autoantibodies in canines suffering from various conditions including recurrent infections, autoimmune diseases and cancer in comparison to healthy controls. This is the first report of the presence of autoantibodies against cytokines in dogs. A total of 101 serum samples (51 patients and 50 clinically healthy dogs) from the state of Mexico and surroundings were analysed using a multiplex bead-based flow cytometry assay. Results show significant levels of various anti-cytokine autoantibodies in diseased dogs but not in healthy controls. In addition we show distinct associations of various disease types to the specificity of anti-cytokine autoantibodies and to response complexities. Apart from the direct functional/causal implication of anti-cytokine auto-antibodies on disease processes, this findings point to the possibility to use anti-cytokine response patterns as diagnostic tools.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doenças Autoimunes/veterinária , Citocinas/imunologia , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/veterinária , Animais , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Cães , Feminino , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Incidência , Masculino , México , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/veterinária
5.
Acta Vet Scand ; 61(1): 38, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391084

RESUMO

Canine leishmaniosis is a disease caused by Leishmania infantum, a vector-borne parasite. Due to the zoonotic potential of canine leishmaniosis, infected dogs must be identified. Serological assays are the most common methods for the detection of L. infantum infection in dogs used in veterinary practice. The aim of the study was to assess the performance of a rapid immunochromatographic test (FASTest LEISH®, MEGACOR Diagnostik) for the detection of specific antibodies to that of the L. infantum in dog sera. The results were simultaneously compared using a commercial brand of indirect immunofluorescence antibody test and an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay as references. Between the two reference tests, 232 serum samples out of 244, produced concordant results while 12 exhibited discordant results. Of the 232 concordant samples, 121 were classified as L. infantum seropositive, and 111 samples were previously classified as L. infantum seronegative by a combination of the reference assays. All samples that were seropositive by the reference tests were also positive according to the rapid test, and only one sample that was seronegative according to the two reference assays was positive according to the rapid test. Compared with the reference tests, the rapid test sensitivity was 100%, specificity was 99.1%, accuracy was 99.6%, Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.99, and the area under receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.995. The FASTest LEISH® is a rapid, qualitative in-clinic test with high sensitivity and specificity.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo/veterinária , Imunoensaio/veterinária , Leishmaniose Visceral/veterinária , Animais , Doenças do Cão/sangue , Cães , Leishmania infantum , Leishmaniose Visceral/sangue , Leishmaniose Visceral/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Vet Parasitol ; 272: 44-52, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395204

RESUMO

In the present study, a quantitative proteomic approach to study changes in saliva proteins associated with canine leishmaniosis (CanL) was performed. For this, canine salivary proteins were analysed and compared between dogs before (T0) and after (T1) experimental infection with Leishmania infantum by high-throughput label-based quantitative LC-MS/MS proteomic approach and bioinformatic analysis of the in silico inferred interactome protein network was created from the initial list of differential proteins. More than 2000 proteins were identified, and of the 90 differentially expressed proteins between T0 and T1, 12 were down-regulated with log2 fold change lower than -0.5849, and 19 were up-regulated with log2 fold change greater than 0.5849. This study provides evidence of changes in salivary proteome that can occur in canine leishmaniosis and revealed biological pathways in saliva modulated in canine leishmaniosis with potential for further targeted research.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/fisiopatologia , Leishmaniose/veterinária , Saliva , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares/genética , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares/metabolismo , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Simulação por Computador , Cães , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Leishmaniose/fisiopatologia , Proteoma/genética , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica , Saliva/química , Saliva/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
7.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 269, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reported efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in regenerative medicine is contradictory. We validated the effects of PRP on proliferation of canine bone marrow-derived multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (K9BMMSCs) in vitro. PRP was extracted from blood of six dogs with osteoarthritis. K9BMMSCs were established from bone marrow and characterized for CD90 and CD19 expression by immunocytochemistry. Effects of PRP concentrations on viability of matching autologous K9BMMSCs were validated using MTS assay. RESULTS: Positive CD90 and negative CD19 expression confirmed MSC origin. PRP at 40% volume/volume concentration increased, while PRP at 80 and 100% v/v concentrations suppressed viability of tested K9BMMSCs. CONCLUSION: PRP concentration plays an important role in K9BMMSCs viability, which could affect tissue repairs in vivo.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Proliferação de Células , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos CD19/genética , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Cães , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas/química , Antígenos Thy-1/genética
8.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 273, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Struvite urolithiasis with bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI) is commonly reported in dogs; few data exist to describe successful dissolution protocols in dogs with naturally occurring disease. We hypothesized that a dry therapeutic urinary diet combined with targeted antimicrobial therapy can effectively dissolve presumptive struvite cystolithiasis in dogs with naturally occurring urease-producing bacterial UTI. RESULTS: Ten dogs with presumed infection-induced struvite cystolithiasis based on lower urinary tract signs (LUTS), radiodense cystoliths, and urease-producing bacterial UTI were enrolled. At enrollment, antimicrobials and dry therapeutic urinary diet were dispensed. In addition to lack of radiographic resolution of urolithiasis, dogs with persistent clinical signs were considered non-responders. There was no significant difference in pH between responders and non-responders; USG was significantly higher in the responder group. Recheck visits continued until radiographic dissolution or failure was documented. Five of the 10 dogs achieved radiographic dissolution of cystolithiasis within a median of 31 days (range 19-103). In the other 5 dogs, surgical urolith removal was necessary due to persistent LUTS (3 dogs within 2 weeks) or lack of continued dissolution noted radiographically (1 dog with numerous cystoliths failed at day 91; 1 dog failed by day 57 with questionable owner compliance). CONCLUSIONS: Dissolution of urinary tract infection induced struvite cystoliths can be accomplished in some dogs fed this dry therapeutic urinary diet in conjunction with antimicrobial therapy. Case selection could increase the likelihood of successful dissolution; however, if calcium phosphate is present, this could also prevent stone dissolution. If clinical signs persist despite diet and antimicrobials, stone removal is advised.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Cão/dietoterapia , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico , Estruvita/química , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/veterinária , Urolitíase/veterinária , Animais , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Cães , Resultado do Tratamento , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/dietoterapia , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Infecções Urinárias/complicações , Infecções Urinárias/veterinária , Urolitíase/dietoterapia , Urolitíase/tratamento farmacológico , Urolitíase/cirurgia
9.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 270, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis is a common canine disease frequently treated with nutritional supplements that often lack independent verification of ingredients, active ingredient concentration, efficacy, or safety. Human supplements containing Boswellia serrata extracts (BSE) with high concentrations of active constituents 3-acetyl-11-keto-ß-boswellic acid (AKBA) and 11-keto-ß-boswellic acid (KBA) are bioavailable, safe, and efficacious in the alleviation of symptoms of naturally occurring osteoarthritis in people. Thus, oral AKBA and/or KBA supplementation could be a promising novel therapy for dogs with osteoarthritis. The primary objective of this study was to determine the concentrations of AKBA and KBA within six human and seven canine market formulations containing BSE administered to dogs, using a derivation of the previously validated high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. The secondary objective was to compare measured concentrations to label claims. RESULTS: The mean concentrations of AKBA and KBA within the formulations tested were 42.3 mg/g AF (0.1-155.7 mg/g AF) and 5.2 mg/g AF (0-24.8 mg/g AF), respectively, with four of the formulations containing an undetectable amount of KBA. None of the market formulations had a label claim for KBA. For the five tested formulations with a label claim for AKBA, the mean percentage of detected AKBA was 173% of the concentration listed on the label (range: 114-224%). Formulations claiming to contain AKBA had a mean AKBA concentration of 98.2 mg/g AF, significantly higher than formulations claiming only to contain BSE (7.4 mg/g AF; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated a large variation of boswellic acid concentrations in market formulations claiming to contain BSE, with products claiming to contain AKBA containing higher concentrations of AKBA than other products. There was also a large variation in, and overall high, percent difference between label claims and measured concentrations of AKBA. All products met or exceeded label claims. However, differences between label amounts and detected concentrations confirm the need for independent laboratories to quantify concentrations of active ingredients in supplements containing BSE. This would be necessary prior to the use of these formulations in the research or clinical setting.


Assuntos
Boswellia/química , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Triterpenos/análise , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cães
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 13, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303958

RESUMO

Introduction: Dog-mediated human rabies remains a major public health threat in Ghana. Dog population structure surveys are pre-requisites for appropriate planning for rabies vaccination; however, this information is unavailable in Ghana. This study describes dog population structure in Kumasi, Ghana. Methods: A household cross sectional survey was conducted from January through April 2016 in Ayeduase and Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) campus using a structured questionnaire. Results: A total of 1319 households were surveyed out of which 35.1% (463/1319) kept dogs. We recorded 816 dogs from 463 households, giving dog to household ratio of 1.8:1. Respondents acquired 71% (579/816) of dogs through purchase. Of 2065 persons in Ayeduase, 406 owned dogs, resulting in man to dog ratio of 5.1:1. Male dogs represented 62.9% (513/816) while those aged a year and above recorded 70%. Most of the dogs were not restricted (80.3%) and 49.9% were allowed to enter neighbors' households. Dog rabies vaccination coverage was 28.1% and 64.9% in Ayeduase and KNUST campus respectively. Respondents (87.8%) from Ayeduase knew dog bite was the main means of rabies transmission, however, about 65% believed in traditional ways of treatment such as concoction, herbs and consumption of offending dogs' organs. Conclusion: The high dog to household-human ratio, increased roaming dog population and low vaccination coverage is of concern to rabies. Respondents' knowledge on their dogs is an indication of accessibility for vaccination. Obtained results can be useful for rabies vaccination planning in Kumasi and other comparable settings in Ghana.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Antirrábicas/administração & dosagem , Raiva/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Animais , Mordeduras e Picadas/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Doenças do Cão/virologia , Cães , Características da Família , Feminino , Gana , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Propriedade/estatística & dados numéricos , Raiva/transmissão , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cobertura Vacinal/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(29): 8268-8278, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283221

RESUMO

Species authentication of meat and fish products is crucial to safeguard public health, economic investment, and religious sanctity. We developed a heptaplex polymerase chain reaction assay targeting short amplicon length (73-198 bp) for the simultaneous detection and differentiation of cow, buffalo, chicken, cat, dog, pig, and fish species in raw and processed food using species-specific primers targeting mitochondrial cytb, ND5, and 16s rRNA genes. Assay validation of adulterated and various heat-treated meatball matrices showed excellent stability and sensitivity under all processing conditions. The detection limit was 0.01-0.001 ng of DNA under pure states and 0.5% meat in meatball products. Buffalo was detected in 86.7% (13 out of 15) of tested commercial beef products, while chicken, pork, and fish products were found to be pure. The developed assay was efficient enough to detect target species simultaneously, even in highly degraded and processed food products at reduced time.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Produtos da Carne/análise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Animais , Búfalos/genética , Gatos/genética , Bovinos/genética , Galinhas/genética , Cães/genética , Peixes/genética , Suínos/genética
15.
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract ; 49(5): 809-818, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256903

RESUMO

We introduce a next phase in the evolution of medicine affecting human and veterinary patients. This evolution, genomic cancer medicine (Pmed), involves expansion of genomic and molecular biology into clinical medicine. The implementation of these new technologies has already begun and is a commercial reality. We introduce the underpinnings for this evolution, and focus on application in complex disease states. Pet owners have begun requesting Pmed technologies. To meet this demand, it is important to be aware of the opportunities and obstacles associated with available Pmed offerings as well as the current state of the field.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato/genética , Doenças do Gato/terapia , Doenças do Cão/genética , Doenças do Cão/terapia , Neoplasias/veterinária , Medicina de Precisão/veterinária , Animais , Gatos , Cães , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genômica/métodos , Hemangiossarcoma/genética , Hemangiossarcoma/terapia , Hemangiossarcoma/veterinária , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/terapia , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Análise de Sequência , Medicina Veterinária/métodos
16.
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract ; 49(5): 781-791, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280902

RESUMO

Molecular diagnostics have revolutionized human oncology to allow early detection, targeted therapy, monitoring throughout treatment, and evidence of recurrence. By identifying genetic signatures associated with cancers, liquid biopsy techniques have been developed to diagnose and monitor cancer in noninvasive or minimally invasive ways. These techniques offer new opportunities for improving cancer screening, diagnosis, and monitoring the impact of therapy on the patients over time. Liquid biopsy also drives drug development programs. Similar diagnostics hold promise for comparable results in the veterinary field. Several noninvasive/minimally invasive techniques have been described in veterinary medicine that could be referred to as liquid biopsy.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Biópsia Líquida/veterinária , Neoplasias/veterinária , Animais , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Cão/genética , Cães , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/veterinária , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia/veterinária , Biópsia Líquida/métodos , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma/veterinária , Masculino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/veterinária , Mutação , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias Uretrais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Uretrais/genética , Neoplasias Uretrais/veterinária , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/veterinária
17.
Acta Vet Scand ; 61(1): 33, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262326

RESUMO

C-reactive protein (CRP) is a powerful biomarker for inflammation, infection and sepsis. However, no reports have investigated canine CRP (c-CRP) concentration changes after orthopaedic procedures. If c-CRP changes were better characterized, it may be possible to identify postoperative complications more quickly. The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristic changes in serum c-CRP after orthopaedic surgery in dogs. Blood samples were collected from 98 dogs on Day 0 (preoperatively), and then on Days 1, 4, 7, 10 and 13 postoperatively. Day 1 blood sampling was performed 12-24 h postoperatively. We classified the dogs into four groups based on changes in c-CRP pre- to postoperatively. Group 1 dogs showed a peak c-CRP concentration on Day 1, followed by decreases of ≥ 1 mg/dL. Group 2 dogs showed changes in c-CRP concentration by Day 4 that were within ± 1 mg/dL compared with Day 1. Dogs in Group 3 showed a peak c-CRP concentration on Day 4, followed by decreases of ≥ 1 mg/dL. Group 4 dogs showed an initial decrease in c-CRP, then an increase of ≥ 1 mg/dL. Group 1 was the largest group, with 63 dogs. c-CRP on Days 0, 1, 4, 7, 10 and 13 was 0.83 ± 1.03 mg/dL, 8.10 ± 3.15 mg/dL, 3.76 ± 1.94 mg/dL, 1.63 ± 0.92 mg/dL, 0.96 ± 0.70 mg/dL and 0.68 ± 0.51 mg/dL, respectively. Serum c-CRP concentration on Day 1 was significantly higher than at every other timepoint (P < 0.001). In Group 2, surgical site complications were confirmed in 9/15 dogs. In Group 3, surgical site complications were confirmed in 7/14 dogs. In Group 4, two surgical site problems and three surgical site infections were observed, and visceral disease was found in one dog. In Group 1, peak c-CRP was seen on Day 1 postoperatively in 63 dogs (64%), with c-CRP level decreasing by half at each subsequent measurement, which may describe a typical c-CRP change in orthopaedic patients. If deviation from this typical change is observed postoperatively, as in Groups 2-4, this may suggest possible complications.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/veterinária , Animais , Cães , Feminino , Inflamação/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Acta Vet Scand ; 61(1): 35, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thromboelastography (TEG) is a global whole blood hemostasis assay which includes plasma as well as cellular components of hemostasis in the analysis and follows the quality and dynamics of clot development, stabilization, and lysis. In human medicine TEG is also a valuable asset in the therapeutic setting, allowing evaluation of the effect of transfusion therapy in vitro. This case series describes the use of TEG as a guiding tool for transfusion therapy in four dogs with hypocoagulable hemostatic disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: Four dogs presented with hypocoagulable disorders of hemostasis, diagnosed as rodenticide intoxication, angiostrongylosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation following severe systemic inflammation, and immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, respectively. TEG was used as a diagnostic tool as well as a guiding tool in the decision of whether or not, and in what dose, fresh frozen plasma would be of benefit in the treatment protocol for each dog. CONCLUSIONS: TEG may be applied in the therapeutic setting as a means to tailor individual patient transfusion therapy in critically ill dogs with hypocoagulable states.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/veterinária , Transfusão de Sangue/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/terapia , Tromboelastografia/veterinária , Animais , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/terapia , Cães , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Acta Vet Scand ; 61(1): 37, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) and congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) are very rare congenital pulmonary anomalies in veterinary medicine. PH refers to the incomplete pulmonary development due to embryologic imbalance of bronchial development between the lung buds, while CLE is defined as alveolar hyperinflation due to bronchial collapse during expiration caused by bronchial cartilage dysplasia, external bronchial compression, and idiopathic etiology. CLE may develop into pulmonary blebs or bullae that may rupture and induce a spontaneous pneumothorax. There are no reports on concurrent PH and CLE in animals. CASE PRESENTATION: A 7-month-old castrated male Italian Greyhound weighing 5.5 kg presented with vomiting and acute onset of severe dyspnea without any previous history of disease. After emergency treatment including oxygen supplementation and thoracocentesis, plain radiology and computed tomography scanning were performed and lobar emphysema with multiple bullae in the left cranial lung lobe associated with tension pneumothorax was identified. Since the pneumothorax was not resolved despite continuous suction of intrathoracic air for 3 days, a complete lobectomy of the left cranial lung lobe was performed. The excised lobe was not grossly divided into cranial and caudal parts, but a tissue mass less than 1 cm in size was present at the hilum and cranial to the excised lobe. Postoperatively, the dog recovered rapidly without air retention in the thoracic cavity. Histopathologically, the mass was identified as a hypoplastic lung tissue with collapsed alveoli, bronchial dysplasia, and pulmonary arterial hypertrophy. Additionally, the excised lung lobe presented CLE with marked ectasia of alveoli, various blebs and bullae, and general bronchial cartilage dysplasia. According to gross and histopathologic findings, the dog was diagnosed with concurrent PH and CLE in the left cranial lung lobe. During 16 months of follow-up, the dog was well and without any respiratory problems. CONCLUSIONS: This case report confirmed the clinical and histologic features of two different types of rare congenital pulmonary anomalies, PH and CLE, which occurred concurrently in a single lung lobe of a young dog. The condition was successfully managed with lobectomy.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/congênito , Pneumopatias/veterinária , Pulmão/anormalidades , Pneumotórax/veterinária , Enfisema Pulmonar/congênito , Animais , Cães , Pulmão/química , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Pneumopatias/congênito , Masculino , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Pneumotórax/patologia , Pneumotórax/cirurgia , Enfisema Pulmonar/complicações , Enfisema Pulmonar/veterinária , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(7): 1155-1164, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280524

RESUMO

Lichens contain diverse bioactive secondary metabolites with various chemical and biological properties, which have been widely studied. However, details of the inhibitory mechanisms of their secondary metabolites against influenza A virus (IAV) have not been documented. Here, we investigated the antiviral effect of lichen extracts, obtained from South Korea, against IAV in MDCK cells. Of the lichens tested, Nipponoparmelia laevior (LC24) exhibited the most potent inhibitory effect against IAV infection. LC24 extract significantly increased cell viability, and reduced apoptosis in IAV-infected cells. The LC24 extract also markedly reduced (~ 3.2 logfold) IAV mRNA expression after 48 h of infection. To understand the antiviral mechanism of LC24 against IAV, proteomic (UPLC-HDMSE) analysis was performed to compare proteome modulation in IAV-infected (V) vs. mock (M) and LC24+IAV (LCV) vs. V cells. Based on Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA), LC24 inhibited IAV infection by modulating several antiviral-related genes and proteins (HSPA4, HSPA5, HSPA8, ANXA1, ANXA2, HIF-1α, AKT1, MX1, HNRNPH1, HNRNPDL, PDIA3, and VCP) via different signaling pathways, including HIF-1α signaling, unfolded protein response, and interferon signaling. These molecules were identified as the specific biomarkers for controlling IAV in vitro and further confirmation of their potential against IAV in vivo is required. Our findings provide a platform for further studies on the application of lichen extracts against IAV.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/efeitos dos fármacos , Líquens/química , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/metabolismo , Animais , Antivirais/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cães , Líquens/metabolismo , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Proteômica , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , República da Coreia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Virais/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA