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1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(9): 698-703, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594095

RESUMO

Objective: To preliminary, explore the effect of small intestinal epithelial dendritic cells on the occurrence and development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in mice. Methods: Thirty-two (half male and half female) 4-week-old C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into two groups. The mice were fed with normal diet (SD group) and high-fat diet (HFD group). Eight mice (half male and half female) were randomly killed from each group over the 14 and 20-weeks feeding period to observe their body weight, liver and small-intestine wet weight. Alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, blood glucose, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol and triglyceride were determined by eyeball blood samples. Pathological diagnosis and alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score were collected. The number of mice small intestinal dendritic cells was observed under a microscope. Statistical analysis was performed to compare two groups of independent samples with homogeneity test of variance, t test, and covariance analysis. Results: The body weight, liver wet weight, serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase of mice in HFD group were significantly higher than those of control group at 20 weeks (P < 0.05), and the serum high density lipoprotein of mice in HFD group was significantly higher than that of SD group at 14 weeks (P < 0.05). At 14th weeks, the liver tissue of mice in HFD group had early pathological manifestations of hepatitis (fatty degeneration, punctate necrosis and balloon-like degeneration). Of which 87.5% (7/8) of them were diagnosed as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, while only a few mice in SD group had early pathological manifestations of hepatitis. At 20th weeks, all mice in HFD group were diagnosed with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, while none of the mice in SD group was diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. At both time points, the percentage of small intestinal dendritic cells in HFD group was significantly higher than that in SD group (14 weeks: 4.181 ± 4.314 vs. 15.099 ± 10.349; 20 weeks: 9.615 ± 8.267 vs. 32.839 ± 24.475, both P < 0.05). Statistical analysis combined with the alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score showed that there was no linear correlation between the two groups (regression coefficient was 20.196%). Conclusion: The number and different staging of small intestinal dendritic cells in mice is associated with the occurrence and development of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/citologia , Intestino Delgado/citologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Feminino , Fígado , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Distribuição Aleatória
2.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(5): 774-793, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Deregulation of the complex interaction among host genetics, gut microbiota and environmental factors on one hand and aberrant immune responses on the other hand, are known to be associated with the development of inflammatory bowel disease. Recent studies provided strong evidence that autophagy plays a key role in the etiology of Crohn's disease (CD). Probiotics may exhibit many therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory abilities. While successful results have been obtained in ulcerative colitis patients, probiotics remain inefficient in CD for unknown reason. It remains therefore important to better understand their molecular mechanisms of action. METHODS: The activation of autophagy was examined by stimulating bone marrow-derived dendritic cells by the bacteria, followed by confocal microscopy and western blot analysis. The impact of blocking in vitro autophagy was performed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells using 3-methyl adenine or bafilomycin followed by cytokine secretion measurement by ELISA. The role of autophagy in the anti-inflammatory capacities of the bacterial strains was evaluated in vivo using an acute trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced murine model of colitis. The impact of BMDC was evaluated by adoptive transfer, notably using bone marrow cells derived from autophagy-related 16-like 1-deficient mice. RESULTS: We showed that selected lactobacilli and bifidobacteria are able to induce autophagy activation in BMDCs. Blocking in vitro autophagy abolished the capacity of the strains to induce the release of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10, while it exacerbated the secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1ß. We confirmed in the TNBS-induced mouse model of colitis that autophagy is involved in the protective capacity of these selected strains, and showed that dendritic cells are involved in this process. CONCLUSION: We propose autophagy as a novel mechanism involved in the regulatory capacities of probiotics.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Bifidobacterium/fisiologia , Lactobacillus/fisiologia , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Adenina/farmacologia , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Quimiocinas/genética , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/microbiologia , Colite/patologia , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Knockout
3.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(8): 682-688, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638564

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the cytotoxicity of cytokine induced killer (CIK) and natural killer (NK) cells derived from human peripheral blood on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer in vitro. Methods The MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells were infected with lentivirus containing red fluorescent protein (RFP) and luciferase (Luc) genes. The expression of RFP and Luc genes were detected by florescence microscopy. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from the patients to induce the information of dendritic cells (DCs), CIK and NK cells. Then DCs and CIK cells were co-cultured to induce the formation of DC-CIK cells. The amplification effect and the immunophenotypes of immune cells were detected by flow cytometry. And then the cytotoxicity of immune cells DC-CIK, CIK and NK cells on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were analyzed at different effector-target ratios. Results he effects of DC-CIK, NK and CIK cells on MDA-MB-231 tumor cells increased with the increase of effector-target ratio and the extension of action time. After co-culture of 72 hours, the killing rate of immune cells on target cells reached more than 90%. Conclusion CIK, DC-CIK and NK cells amplified in vitro have apoptosis effects on breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas , Células Matadoras Naturais , Neoplasias da Mama , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/imunologia , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia
4.
Immunogenetics ; 71(8-9): 519-530, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520135

RESUMO

Human CD4+ T lymphocytes play an important role in inducing potent immune responses. T cells are activated and stimulated by peptides presented in human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-class II molecules. These HLA-class II molecules typically present peptides of between 12 and 20 amino acids in length. The region that interacts with the HLA molecule, designated as the peptide-binding core, is highly conserved in the residues which anchor the peptide to the molecule. In addition, as these peptides are the product of proteolytic cleavages, certain conserved residues may be expected at the N- and C-termini outside the binding core. To study whether similar conserved residues are present in different cell types, potentially harbouring different proteolytic enzymes, the ligandomes of HLA-DRB1*03:01/HLA-DRB > 1 derived from two different cell types (dendritic cells and EBV-transformed B cells) were identified with mass spectrometry and the binding core and N- and C-terminal residues of a total of 16,568 peptides were analysed using the frequencies of the amino acids in the human proteome. Similar binding motifs were found as well as comparable conservations in the N- and C-terminal residues. Furthermore, the terminal conservations of these ligandomes were compared to the N- and C-terminal conservations of the ligandome acquired from dendritic cells homozygous for HLA-DRB1*04:01. Again, comparable conservations were evident with only minor differences. Taken together, these data show that there are conservations in the terminal residues of peptides, presumably the result of the activity of proteases involved in antigen processing.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Antígenos HLA-DR/classificação , Antígenos HLA-DR/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Linfócitos B/citologia , Células Cultivadas , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Humanos , Ligantes , Ligação Proteica
5.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(7): 583-588, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537241

RESUMO

Objective To explore the effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on the phenotype and chemotaxis of mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). Methods BMDCs isolated from murine bone marrow and cultured in vitro were divided into 6 groups (0 µg/mL PGE2 group, 1 µg/mL PGE2 group, 5 µg/mL PGE2 group, 0 µg/mL PGE2 plus LPS group, 1 µg/mL PGE2 plus LPS group, 5 µg/mL PGE2 plus LPS group). The expression of surface makers CD40, CD86, major histocompatibility complex II (MHCII), CC chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) were detected by flow cytometry. The expression of CCR7 protein was detected by Western blot analysis. The migration ability of BMDCs was detected by TranswellTM assay. The survival rate of BMDCs was detected by CCK-8 assay. Results PGE2 of 1 µg/mL increased the expression of surface molecules on BMDCs and promoted the migration ability of BMDCs. PGE2 of 5 µg/mL reduced the expression of surface molecules on BMDCs and inhibited the migration ability of BMDCs. The change of PGE2 concentration did not affect the survival rate of BMDCs. Conclusion PGE2 was demonstrated a dual regulatory effect on the migration of BMDCs. Low concentration of PGE2 can promote the migration ability of BMDCs, while high concentration of PGE2 shows contrary effect.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea , Movimento Celular , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Dinoprostona/farmacologia , Animais , Antígeno B7-2/metabolismo , Antígenos CD40/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Receptores CCR7/metabolismo
6.
Nat Immunol ; 20(9): 1174-1185, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31406377

RESUMO

Classical type 1 dendritic cells (cDC1s) are required for antiviral and antitumor immunity, which necessitates an understanding of their development. Development of the cDC1 progenitor requires an E-protein-dependent enhancer located 41 kilobases downstream of the transcription start site of the transcription factor Irf8 (+41-kb Irf8 enhancer), but its maturation instead requires the Batf3-dependent +32-kb Irf8 enhancer. To understand this switch, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing of the common dendritic cell progenitor (CDP) and identified a cluster of cells that expressed transcription factors that influence cDC1 development, such as Nfil3, Id2 and Zeb2. Genetic epistasis among these factors revealed that Nfil3 expression is required for the transition from Zeb2hi and Id2lo CDPs to Zeb2lo and Id2hi CDPs, which represent the earliest committed cDC1 progenitors. This genetic circuit blocks E-protein activity to exclude plasmacytoid dendritic cell potential and explains the switch in Irf8 enhancer usage during cDC1 development.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Proteína 2 Inibidora de Diferenciação/metabolismo , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/citologia
7.
Nat Immunol ; 20(9): 1161-1173, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31406378

RESUMO

Induction of the transcription factor Irf8 in the common dendritic cell progenitor (CDP) is required for classical type 1 dendritic cell (cDC1) fate specification, but the mechanisms controlling this induction are unclear. In the present study Irf8 enhancers were identified via chromatin profiling of dendritic cells and CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing was used to assess their roles in Irf8 regulation. An enhancer 32 kilobases (kb) downstream of the Irf8 transcriptional start site (+32-kb Irf8) that was active in mature cDC1s was required for the development of this lineage, but not for its specification. Instead, a +41-kb Irf8 enhancer, previously thought to be active only in plasmacytoid dendritic cells, was found to also be transiently accessible in cDC1 progenitors, and deleting this enhancer prevented the induction of Irf8 in CDPs and abolished cDC1 specification. Thus, cryptic activation of the +41-kb Irf8 enhancer in dendritic cell progenitors is responsible for cDC1 fate specification.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/citologia , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Macrófagos/citologia , Monócitos/citologia , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem da Célula , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Monócitos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
9.
Nat Immunol ; 20(9): 1150-1160, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358996

RESUMO

Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) play important functions in immunity and tissue homeostasis, but their development is poorly understood. Through the use of single-cell approaches, we examined the transcriptional and functional heterogeneity of ILC progenitors, and studied the precursor-product relationships that link the subsets identified. This analysis identified two successive stages of ILC development within T cell factor 1-positive (TCF-1+) early innate lymphoid progenitors (EILPs), which we named 'specified EILPs' and 'committed EILPs'. Specified EILPs generated dendritic cells, whereas this potential was greatly decreased in committed EILPs. TCF-1 was dispensable for the generation of specified EILPs, but required for the generation of committed EILPs. TCF-1 used a pre-existing regulatory landscape established in upstream lymphoid precursors to bind chromatin in EILPs. Our results provide insight into the mechanisms by which TCF-1 promotes developmental progression of ILC precursors, while constraining their dendritic cell lineage potential and enforcing commitment to ILC fate.


Assuntos
Linhagem da Célula/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/imunologia , Células Progenitoras Linfoides/citologia , Linfócitos T/citologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transcrição Genética/genética
10.
Nat Immunol ; 20(7): 852-864, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213723

RESUMO

Dendritic cells (DC) are currently classified as conventional DCs (cDCs) and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs). Through a combination of single-cell transcriptomic analysis, mass cytometry, in vivo fate mapping and in vitro clonal assays, here we show that, at the single-cell level, the priming of mouse hematopoietic progenitor cells toward the pDC lineage occurs at the common lymphoid progenitor stage, indicative of early divergence of the pDC and cDC lineages. We found the transcriptional signature of a pDC precursor stage, defined here, in the IL-7Rα+ common lymphoid progenitor population and identified Ly6D, IL-7Rα, CD81 and CD2 as key markers of pDC differentiation, which distinguish pDC precursors from cDC precursors. In conclusion, pDCs developed in the bone marrow from a Ly6DhiCD2hi lymphoid progenitor cell and differentiated independently of the myeloid cDC lineage.


Assuntos
Antígenos Ly/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Células Progenitoras Linfoides/citologia , Células Progenitoras Linfoides/metabolismo , Células Progenitoras Mieloides/citologia , Células Progenitoras Mieloides/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Camundongos , Transcriptoma
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(24): 6773-6784, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154759

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of atractylodin, a polyethylene alkyne, on the maturation of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BM-DC) as well as its antirheumatic effect on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in DBA/1 mice. Our results indicate that atractylodin effectively suppressed the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, expression of costimulatory molecules, and p38 MAPK, ERK, and NF-κBp65 signaling pathways in LPS-incubated dendritic cells (DCs). Additionally, the proliferation and cytokine secretion (IFN-γ and IL-17A) of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells were reduced. In a murine CIA model, intraperitoneal injection of atractylodin significantly alleviated the severity of the disease progression, as indicated by reduced paw swelling, clinical arthritis scores, and pathological changes of joint tissues. In addition, the overall proliferation of T cells stimulated by type II collagen and the abundance of Th1 and Th17 in the spleens were also significantly decreased with atractylodin treatments. Furthermore, atractylodin significantly downregulated the expression levels of CD40, CD80, and CD86 of DCs in the spleens. In conclusion, this study shows for the first time that atractylodin has potential to manipulate the maturation of BM-DCs and should be further explored as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Atractylodes/química , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno Tipo II/efeitos adversos , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Furanos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Artrite Reumatoide/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-17/genética , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos DBA , Células Th17/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição RelA/genética , Fator de Transcrição RelA/imunologia
12.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(6): 5377-5385, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059096

RESUMO

Hyperglycemia promotes the growth and reproduction of bacteria, thereby increasing the probability of infection, which also causes rebound hyperglycemia. Therefore, the interactions of infection and hyperglycemia lead to the progression and deterioration of these diseases. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease. Studies have shown that regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a key role in maintaining islet­specific tolerance. Treg deficiency may lead to the development of early pancreatitis and T1DM, and sufficient amounts of Tregs can restore this tolerance, thereby inhibiting the occurrence of T1DM. Moreover, different subpopulations of dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in activating autoreactive T cells and inducing autoimmune tolerance to autoantigens, which are closely related to the functional diversity caused by different phenotypes, maturation status, and the immune microenvironment of DC subpopulations. In the present study, we used streptozotocin­induced hyperglycemic mice to model T1DM and induced a Salmonella infection in the mouse model, leading to aggravated inflammation, which resulted in an elevated proportion of CD103+CD11b+ DCs and a significantly elevated proportion of CD4+FoxP3+ Tregs in the intestinal lamina propria. After co­culturing CD4+ T cells and DCs, we found that CD103+CD11b+ DCs could significantly promote the proliferation of CD4+ T cells. The elevated proportions of CD4+FoxP3+ Tregs were considered to be correlated with the increased number of CD103+CD11b+ DCs.


Assuntos
Infecções por Salmonella/patologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígeno CD11b/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/citologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultura , Citocinas/sangue , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Inflamação , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pâncreas/patologia , Salmonella/patogenicidade , Infecções por Salmonella/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia
13.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 439, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) alter their role from being immunostimulatory to immunosuppressive at advanced stages of tumor progression, but the influence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) and their secreted factors on generation and phenotypic change of DCs is unknown. Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) plays a role in regulation of other cellular processes including leukemic stemness besides its antiviral function. METHODS: Short hairpin RNA-mediated gene silencing was employed to generate stable RIG-I-knocked-down human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines. Expression levels of genes and proteins in spheres of those HCC cells were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and Western bot, respectively. Levels of secreted cytokines were measured by ELISA. The surface molecule expression levels of DCs were analyzed using flow cytometry. The ability of DCs to induce proliferation of T cells was assessed by a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) assay. RESULTS: RIG-I-knocked-down HCC cells showed upregulated expression of stem cell marker genes, enhanced secretion of factors suppressing in vitro generation of DCs into the conditioned medium (CM), and induction of a phenotype of tumor-infiltrating DCs (TIDCs) with low levels of DC markers in their tumors in nude mice. Those DCs and TIDCs showed reduced MLR, indicating RIG-I deficiency-induced immunotolerance. The RIG-I-deficient HCC cells secreted more TGF-ß1 than did reference cells. The tumors formed after injection of RIG-I-deficient HCC cells had higher TGF-ß1 contents than did tumors derived from control cells. DC generation and MLR suppressed by the CM of RIG-I-deficient HCC cells were restored by an anti-TGF-ß1 antibody. TGF-ß1-induced phosphorylation of Smad2 and Akt was enhanced in RIG-I-deficient HCC spheres, knockdown of AKT gene expression abolishing the augmentation of TGF-ß1-induced Smad2 phosphorylation. Akt and p-Akt were co-immunoprecipitated with Smad2 in cytoplasmic proteins of RIG-I-deficient spheres but not in those of control spheres, the amounts of co-immunoprecipitated Akt and p-Akt being increased by TGF-ß stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that RIG-I deficiency in HCC cells induced their stemness, enhanced secretion and signaling of TGF-ß1, tolerogenic TIDCs and less generation of DCs, and the results suggest involvement of TGF-ß1 in those RIG-I deficiency-induced tolerogenic changes and involvement of CSCs in DC-mediated immunotolerance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proteína DEAD-box 58/deficiência , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteína Smad2/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Regulação para Cima
14.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 210: 38-45, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947978

RESUMO

Neonatal foals are uniquely susceptible to certain infections early in life. Dendritic cells (DC) are vital in the transition between the innate and adaptive immune response to infection, but DC biology in foals is not fully characterized. Monocyte-derived DC represent a suitable in vitro model similar to DC that differentiate from monocytes recruited from circulation. We hypothesized that foal monocyte-derived DC (MoDC) would exhibit age-dependent phenotypic and functional differences compared to adult horse MoDC. MoDC generated from 9 horses (collected once) and from 8 foals (collected at 1, 7, and 30 days-of-age) were exposed to killed whole cell Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. MoDC expression of MHC class II (MHC class-II), CD86, and CD14 were measured by flow cytometry, and supernatant cytokine concentrations of IL-4, IL-17, IFN-γ, and IL-10 were quantified with a validated immunoassay. The percentage of MoDC expressing MHC class-II and CD86 was lower and CD14 was higher for cells generated from 1-day-old foals compared to cells generated from adult horses (P < 0.0001). Bacterial exposure increased the percentage of cells expressing CD86 at all ages (P < 0.0001). Bacteria-exposed MoDC from 1-day-old foals produced significantly less IL-4, IL-17, and IFN-γ than adult MoDC produced in response to bacterial exposure (P ≤ 0.04). Following bacterial exposure, foal MoDC phenotype and cytokine secretion were different than those of mature horses. These differences could reduce the ability of foals to generate a protective immune response against bacterial infection.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Viabilidade Microbiana , Monócitos/citologia , Fatores Etários , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/imunologia , Escherichia coli , Citometria de Fluxo , Cavalos , Fagocitose , Fenótipo , Staphylococcus aureus
15.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 1335-1341, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964341

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Low expression of Interleukin-33 (IL-33) was reported to be associated with the progression of pulmonary adenocarcinoma. However, the IL-33-mediated immunoregulation in pulmonary adenocarcinoma remains unclear. In this study, we found that IL-33 treatment evidently repressed tumour growth, induced CD4+ T cells infiltration and IL-17 expression in pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Notably, IL-33 treatment increased the number of Dendritic Cells (DCs) in pulmonary adenocarcinoma. More importantly, IL-33 induced maturation and regulated the function of DCs by increasing expression of DCs mature markers (CD40 and CD80, CD86) DCs-function-related gene including antigen presentation genes (HLA-DMA, HLA-DMB and CD74) and cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF). Mechanistic studies demonstrated that IL-33 treatment induced DCs maturation by upregulating CYLD expression in DCs. In addition, CYLD played an important role in DCs-induced T cell proliferation and IL-17 secretion. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that IL-33 mediated immunoregulation in pulmonary adenocarcinoma by improving DC-induced T cell proliferation by upregulating CYLD expression.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Enzima Desubiquitinante CYLD/genética , Interleucina-33/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Regulação para Cima/imunologia , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/citologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Vet Res Commun ; 43(2): 115-122, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989431

RESUMO

Dendritic cells (DC) are important antigen-presenting cells and are among the least characterized immune cells in the chicken. In order to obtain chicken DC, current protocols require isolation of bone marrow myeloid progenitor cells and induction of DC differentiation with supplemental cytokines or negative selection of splenic cell preparations. Chicken peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) have traditionally been a source of various immune cells for ex vivo studies, primarily to investigate heterophils and macrophages. In this study, we observe the presence of CD205+ PEC populations, a marker of DC, as an additional resource to isolate and study chicken primary DCs. A panel of monoclonal antibodies was developed against the chicken CD205 DC marker and used to isolate CD205+ DC from the PEC population using magnetic bead cell sorting. This study reports the development of new anti-CD205 monoclonal antibodies as a reagent for chicken DC research, as well as PEC as a potential source of CD205+ DC for ex vivo studies in the chicken.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Separação Celular/veterinária , Galinhas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Sefarose/imunologia
17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1898, 2019 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015515

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification plays important roles in various cellular responses by regulating mRNA biology. However, how m6A modification is involved in innate immunity via affecting the translation of immune transcripts remains to be further investigated. Here we report that RNA methyltransferase Mettl3-mediated mRNA m6A methylation promotes dendritic cell (DC) activation and function. Specific depletion of Mettl3 in DC resulted in impaired phenotypic and functional maturation of DC, with decreased expression of co-stimulatory molecules CD40, CD80 and cytokine IL-12, and reduced ability to stimulate T cell responses both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, Mettl3-mediated m6A of CD40, CD80 and TLR4 signaling adaptor Tirap transcripts enhanced their translation in DC for stimulating T cell activation, and strengthening TLR4/NF-κB signaling-induced cytokine production. Our findings identify a new role for Mettl3-mediated m6A modification in increasing translation of certain immune transcripts for physiological promotion of DC activation and DC-based T cell response.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Epigênese Genética , Metiltransferases/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adenosina/imunologia , Adenosina/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Antígenos/imunologia , Antígenos/farmacologia , Antígeno B7-1/genética , Antígeno B7-1/imunologia , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/imunologia , Antígenos CD40/genética , Antígenos CD40/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucina-12/genética , Interleucina-12/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Metilação , Metiltransferases/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Peptídeos/imunologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Biossíntese de Proteínas , RNA Mensageiro/imunologia , Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-1/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/imunologia
18.
PLoS Pathog ; 15(4): e1007657, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998782

RESUMO

Helminths are highly prevalent metazoan parasites that infect over a billion of the world's population. Hosts have evolved numerous mechanisms to drive the expulsion of these parasites via Th2-driven immunity, but these responses must be tightly controlled to prevent equally devastating immunopathology. However, mechanisms that regulate this balance are still unclear. Here we show that the vigorous Th2 immune response driven by the small intestinal helminth Trichinella spiralis, is associated with increased TGFß signalling responses in CD4+ T-cells. Mechanistically, enhanced TGFß signalling in CD4+ T-cells is dependent on dendritic cell-mediated TGFß activation which requires expression of the integrin αvß8. Importantly, mice lacking integrin αvß8 on DCs had a delayed ability to expel a T. spiralis infection, indicating an important functional role for integrin αvß8-mediated TGFß activation in promoting parasite expulsion. In addition to maintaining regulatory T-cell responses, the CD4+ T-cell signalling of this pleiotropic cytokine induces a Th17 response which is crucial in promoting the intestinal muscle hypercontractility that drives worm expulsion. Collectively, these results provide novel insights into intestinal helminth expulsion beyond that of classical Th2 driven immunity, and highlight the importance of IL-17 in intestinal contraction which may aid therapeutics to numerous diseases of the intestine.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Intestino Delgado/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Trichinella spiralis/imunologia , Triquinelose/imunologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/parasitologia , Intestino Delgado/parasitologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Th17/parasitologia , Triquinelose/parasitologia
19.
Lab Chip ; 19(9): 1665-1675, 2019 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30931468

RESUMO

Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells with high sentinel ability to scan their neighborhood and to initiate an adaptive immune response. Whereas chemotactic migration of mature DCs (mDCs) towards lymph nodes is relatively well documented, the migratory behavior of immature DCs (imDCs) in tumor microenvironments is still poorly understood. Here, microfluidic systems of various geometries, including mazes, are used to investigate how the physical and chemical microenvironment influences the migration pattern of imDCs. Under proper degree of confinement, the imDCs are preferentially recruited towards cancer vs. normal cells, accompanied by increased cell speed and persistence. Furthermore, a systematic screen of cytokines, reveals that Gas6 is a major chemokine responsible for the chemotactic preference. These results and the accompanying theoretical model suggest that imDC migration in complex tissue environments is tuned by a proper balance between the strength of the chemical gradients and the degree of spatial confinement.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Quimiotaxia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
20.
Nanoscale ; 11(16): 7931-7943, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964937

RESUMO

Since mannose receptors (MRs) are expressed on the surfaces of dendritic cells (DCs), the most professional antigen presenting cells in our body, DNA vaccine carriers containing either covalently grafted mannosyl- or mannose-mimicking shikimoyl-ligands are being increasingly used in ex vivo DC-transfection based DNA vaccination. To this end, we have recently demonstrated that ex vivo immunization of mice with liposomes of shikimoylated cationic amphiphiles containing a 6-amino hexanoic acid spacer group in the head-group region in complexation with melanoma antigen (MART1) encoded DNA vaccine (pCMV-MART1) induces long lasting anti-melanoma immune responses (C. Voshavar, et al., J. Med. Chem., 2017, 60, 1605-1610). This finding prompted us to examine, in the present investigation, the efficacies of gold nanoparticles conjugated to the mannose-mimicking shikimoyl ligand (SL) via a 6-amino hexane thiol spacer (AuNPs-SL) for use in ex vivo DC-transfection based genetic immunization. Herein, we report on the design, synthesis, physico-chemical characterization and bioactivities of AuNPs-SL. Dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy studies revealed the hydrodynamic diameters of theAuNPs-SL nanoconjugates to be within the range of 23-44 nm and their surface potentials within the range of 9-28 mV. MTT-assay showed the non-cytotoxic nature of AuNPs-SL and the findings in the electrophoretic gel retardation assays revealed strong DNA binding properties of the AuNPs-SL. Importantly, subcutaneous immunization of C57BL/6J mice with DCs ex vivo transfected with an electrostatic complex of AuNPs-SL & melanoma antigen (MART1) encoded DNA vaccine (p-CMV-MART1) induced a long lasting (100 days) anti-tumor immune response in immunized mice upon subsequent challenge with a lethal dose of melanoma. Notably, mice immunized with either autologous mbmDCs ex vivo pre-transfected with nanoplexes of shikimoylated AuNPs-SL & an irrelevant pCMV-SPORT-ß-gal plasmid (without having encoded melanoma antigen) or untransfected DCs showed no lasting protection against subsequent tumor challenge. The presently described shikimoyl-decorated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs-SL) are expected to find future use in ex vivo DC-transfection based genetic immunization against cancer and other infectious diseases.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Safrol/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Feminino , Imunidade Celular , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Ligantes , Antígeno MART-1/genética , Melanoma Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma Experimental/mortalidade , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nanoestruturas/uso terapêutico , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Plasmídeos/genética , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo
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